Table of Contents

Title Page


Introductory Note

Book First.—Visions

Book Second.—Commandments

Book Third.—Similitudes



Introductory Note

Address to the Greeks

Chapter I. The Greeks Claim, Without Reason, the Invention of the Arts.

Chapter II. The Vices and Errors of the Philosophers.

Chapter III. Ridicule of the Philosophers.

Chapter IV. The Christians Worship God Alone.

Chapter V. The Doctrine of the Christians as to the Creation of the World.

Chapter VI. Christians’ Belief in the Resurrection.

Chapter VII. Concerning the Fall of Man.

Chapter VIII. The Demons Sin Among Mankind.

Chapter IX. They Give Rise to Superstitions.

Chapter X. Ridicule of the Heathen Divinities.

Chapter XI. The Sin of Men Due Not to Fate, But to Free-Will.

Chapter XII. The Two Kinds of Spirits.

Chapter XIII. Theory of the Soul’s Immortality.

Chapter XIV. The Demons Shall Be Punished More Severely Than Men.

Chapter XV. Necessity of a Union with the Holy Spirit.

Chapter XVI. Vain Display of Power by the Demons.

Chapter XVII. They Falsely Promise Health to Their Votaries.

Chapter XVIII. They Deceive, Instead of Healing.

Chapter XIX. Depravity Lies at the Bottom of Demon-Worship.

Chapter XX. Thanks are Ever Due to God.

Chapter XXI. Doctrines of the Christians and Greeks Respecting God Compared.

Chapter XXII. Ridicule of the Solemnities of the Greeks.

Chapter XXIII. Of the Pugilists and Gladiators.

Chapter XXIV. Of the Other Public Amusements.

Chapter XXV. Boastings and Quarrels of the Philosophers.

Chapter XXVI. Ridicule of the Studies of the Greeks.

Chapter XXVII. The Christians are Hated Unjustly.

Chapter XXVIII. Condemnation of the Greek Legislation.

Chapter XXIX. Account of Tatian’s Conversion.

Chapter XXX. How He Resolved to Resist the Devil.

Chapter XXXI. The Philosophy of the Christians More Ancient Than that of the Greeks.

Chapter XXXII. The Doctrine of the Christians, is Opposed to Dissensions, and Fitted for All.

Chapter XXXIII. Vindication of Christian Women.

Chapter XXXIV. Ridicule of the Statues Erected by the Greeks.

Chapter XXXV. Tatian Speaks as an Eye-Witness.

Chapter XXXVI. Testimony of the Chaldeans to the Antiquity of Moses.

Chapter XXXVII. Testimony of the Phœnicians.

Chapter XXXVIII. The Egyptians Place Moses in the Reign of Inachus.

Chapter XXXIX. Catalogue of the Argive Kings.

Chapter XL. Moses More Ancient and Credible Than the Heathen Heroes.

Chapter XLI.

Chapter XLII. Concluding Statement as to the Author.



Introductory Note

Theophilus to Autolycus

Book I

Book II

Chapter I.—Occasion of Writing This Book.

Chapter II.—The Gods are Despised When They are Made; But Become Valuable When Bought.

Chapter III.—What Has Become of the Gods?

Chapter IV.—Absurd Opinions of the Philosophers Concerning God.

Chapter V.—Opinions of Homer and Hesiod Concerning the Gods.

Chapter VI.—Hesiod on the Origin of the World.

Chapter VII.—Fabulous Heathen Genealogies.

Chapter VIII.— Opinions Concerning Providence.

Chapter IX.—The Prophets Inspired by the Holy Ghost.

Chapter X.—The World Created by God Through the Word.

Chapter XI.—The Six Days’ Work Described.

Chapter XII.—The Glory of the Six Days’ Work.

Chapter XIII.—Remarks on the Creation of the World.

Chapter XIV.—The World Compared to the Sea.

Chapter XV.—Of the Fourth Day.

Chapter XVI.—Of the Fifth Day.

Chapter XVII.—Of the Sixth Day.

Chapter XVIII.—The Creation of Man.

Chapter XIX.—Man is Placed in Paradise.

Chapter XX.—The Scriptural Account of Paradise.

Chapter XXI.—Of the Fall of Man.

Chapter XXII.—Why God is Said to Have Walked.

Chapter XXIII.—The Truth of the Account in Genesis.

Chapter XXIV.—The Beauty of Paradise.

Chapter XXV.—God Was Justified in Forbidding Man to Eat of the Tree of Knowledge.

Chapter XXVI.—God’s Goodness in Expelling Man from Paradise.

Chapter XXVII.—The Nature of Man.

Chapter XXVIII.—Why Eve Was Formed of Adam’s Rib.

Chapter XXIX.—Cain’s Crime.

Chapter XXX.—Cain’s Family and Their Inventions.

Chapter XXXI.—The History After the Flood.

Chapter XXXII.—How the Human Race Was Dispersed.

Chapter XXXIII.—Profane History Gives No Account of These Matters.

Chapter XXXIV.—The Prophets Enjoined Holiness of Life.

Chapter XXXV.—Precepts from the Prophetic Books.

Chapter XXXVI.—Prophecies of the Sibyl.

Chapter XXXVII.—The Testimonies of the Poets.

Chapter XXXVIII.—The Teachings of the Greek Poets and Philosophers Confirmatory of Those of the Hebrew Prophets.

Book III


Introductory Note

A Plea for the Christians

Chapter I.—Injustice Shown Towards the Christians.

Chapter II.—Claim to Be Treated as Others are When Accused.

Chapter III.—Charges Brought Against the Christians.

Chapter IV.—The Christians are Not Atheists, But Acknowledge One Only God.

Chapter V.—Testimony of the Poets to the Unity of God.

Chapter VI.—Opinions of the Philosophers as to the One God.

Chapter VII.—Superiority of the Christian Doctrine Respecting God.

Chapter VIII.—Absurdities of Polytheism.

Chapter IX.—The Testimony of the Prophets.

Chapter X.—The Christians Worship the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost.

Chapter XI.—The Moral Teaching of the Christians Repels the Charge Brought Against Them.

Chapter XII.—Consequent Absurdity of the Charge of Atheism.

Chapter XIII.—Why the Christians Do Not Offer Sacrifices.

Chapter XIV.—Inconsistency of Those Who Accuse the Christians.

Chapter XV.—The Christians Distinguish God from Matter.

Chapter XVI.—The Christians Do Not Worship the Universe.

Chapter XVII.—The Names of the Gods and Their Images are But of Recent Date.

Chapter XVIII.—The Gods Themselves Have Been Created, as the Poets Confess.

Chapter XIX.—The Philosophers Agree with the Poets Respecting the Gods.

Chapter XX.—Absurd Representations of the Gods.

Chapter XXI.—Impure Loves Ascribed to the Gods.

Chapter XXII.—Pretended Symbolical Explanations.

Chapter XXIII.—Opinions of Thales and Plato.

Chapter XXIV.—Concerning the Angels and Giants.

Chapter XXV.—The Poets and Philosophers Have Denied a Divine Providence.

Chapter XXVI.—The Demons Allure Men to the Worship of Images.

Chapter XXVII.—Artifices of the Demons.

Chapter XXVIII.—The Heathen Gods Were Simply Men.

Chapter XXIX.—Proof of the Same from the Poets.

Chapter XXX.—Reasons Why Divinity Has Been Ascribed to Men.

Chapter XXXI.—Confutation of the Other Charges Brought Against the Christians.

Chapter XXXII.—Elevated Morality of the Christians.

Chapter XXXIII.—Chastity of the Christians with Respect to Marriage.

Chapter XXXIV.—The Vast Difference in Morals Between the Christians and Their Accusers.

Chapter XXXV.—The Christians Condemn and Detest All Cruelty.

Chapter XXXVI.—Bearing of the Doctrine of the Resurrection on the Practices of the Christians.

Chapter XXXVII.—Entreaty to Be Fairly Judged.

The Resurrection of the Dead

Chapter I.—Defence of the Truth Should Precede Discussions Regarding It.

Chapter II.—A Resurrection is Not Impossible.

Chapter III.—He Who Could Create, Can Also Raise Up the Dead.

Chapter IV.—Objection from the Fact that Some Human Bodies Have Become Part of Others.

Chapter V.—Reference to the Processes of Digestion and Nutrition.

Chapter VI.—Everything that is Useless or Hurtful is Rejected.

Chapter VII.—The Resurrection-Body Different from the Present.

Chapter VIII.—Human Flesh Not the Proper or Natural Food of Men.

Chapter IX.—Absurdity of Arguing from Man’s Impotency.

Chapter X.—It Cannot Be Shown that God Does Not Will a Resurrection.

Chapter XI.—Recapitulation.

Chapter XII.—Argument for the Resurrection from the Purpose Contemplated in Man’s Creation.

Chapter XIII.—Continuation of the Argument.

Chapter XIV.—The Resurrection Does Not Rest Solely on the Fact of a Future Judgment.

Chapter XV.—Argument for the Resurrection from the Nature of Man.

Chapter XVI—Analogy of Death and Sleep, and Consequent Argument for the Resurrection.

Chapter XVII.—The Series of Changes We Can Now Trace in Man Renders a Resurrection Probable.

Chapter XVIII.—Judgment Must Have Reference Both to Soul and Body: There Will Therefore Be a Resurrection.

Chapter XIX.—Man Would Be More Unfavourably Situated Than the Beasts If There Were No Resurrection.

Chapter XX.—Man Must Be Possessed Both of a Body and Soul Hereafter, that the Judgment Passed Upon Him May Be Just.

Chapter XXI.—Continuation of the Argument.

Chapter XXII.—Continuation of the Argument.

Chapter XXIII.—Continuation of the Argument.

Chapter XXIV.—Argument for the Resurrection from the Chief End of Man.

Chapter XXV.—Argument Continued and Concluded.


Introductory Note

Exhortation to the Heathen

The Instructor

Book I

Book II

Book III


The Stromata, or Miscellanies

Book I

Chapter I.—Preface—The Author’s Object—The Utility of Written Compositions.

Chapter II.—Objection to the Number of Extracts from Philosophical Writings in These Books Anticipated and Answered.

Chapter III.—Against the Sophists.

Chapter IV.—Human Arts as Well as Divine Knowledge Proceed from God.

Chapter V.—Philosophy the Handmaid of Theology.

Chapter VI.—The Benefit of Culture.

Chapter VII.—The Eclectic Philosophy Paves the Way for Divine Virtue.

Chapter VIII.—The Sophistical Arts Useless.

Chapter IX.—Human Knowledge Necessary for the Understanding of the Scriptures.

Chapter X.—To Act Well of Greater Consequence Than to Speak Well.

Chapter XI.—What is the Philosophy Which the Apostle Bids Us Shun?

Chapter XII.—The Mysteries of the Faith Not to Be Divulged to All.

Chapter XIII.—All Sects of Philosophy Contain a Germ of Truth.

Chapter XIV.—Succession of Philosophers in Greece.

Chapter XV.—The Greek Philosophy in Great Part Derived from the Barbarians.

Chapter XVI.—That the Inventors of Other Arts Were Mostly Barbarians.

Chapter XVII.—On the Saying of the Saviour, “All that Came Before Me Were Thieves and Robbers.”

Chapter XVIII.—He Illustrates the Apostle’s Saying, “I Will Destroy the Wisdom of the Wise.”

Chapter XIX.—That the Philosophers Have Attained to Some Portion of Truth.

Chapter XX.—In What Respect Philosophy Contributes to the Comprehension of Divine Truth.

Chapter XXI.—The Jewish Institutions and Laws of Far Higher Antiquity Than the Philosophy of the Greeks.

Chapter XXII.—On the Greek Translation of the Old Testament.

Chapter XXIII.—The Age, Birth, and Life of Moses.

Chapter XXIV.—How Moses Discharged the Part of a Military Leader.

Chapter XXV.—Plato an Imitator of Moses in Framing Laws.

Chapter XXVI.—Moses Rightly Called a Divine Legislator, And, Though Inferior to Christ, Far Superior to the Great Legislators of the Greeks, Minos and Lycurgus.

Chapter XXVII.—The Law, Even in Correcting and Punishing, Aims at the Good of Men.

Chapter XXVIII.—The Fourfold Division of the Mosaic Law.

Chapter XXIX.—The Greeks But Children Compared with the Hebrews.


Book II

Chapter I.—Introductory.

Chapter II.—The Knowledge of God Can Be Attained Only Through Faith.

Chapter III.—Faith Not a Product of Nature.

Chapter IV.—Faith the Foundation of All Knowledge.

Chapter V.—He Proves by Several Examples that the Greeks Drew from the Sacred Writers.

Chapter VI.—The Excellence and Utility of Faith.

Chapter VII.—The Utility of Fear. Objections Answered.

Chapter VIII.—The Vagaries of Basilides and Valentinus as to Fear Being the Cause of Things.

Chapter IX.—The Connection of the Christian Virtues.

Chapter X.—To What the Philosopher Applies Himself.

Chapter XI.—The Knowledge Which Comes Through Faith the Surest of All.

Chapter XII.—Twofold Faith.

Chapter XIII.—On First and Second Repentance.

Chapter XIV.—How a Thing May Be Involuntary.

Chapter XV.—On the Different Kinds of Voluntary Actions, and the Sins Thence Proceeding.

Chapter XVI.—How We are to Explain the Passages of Scripture Which Ascribe to God Human Affections.

Chapter XVII.—On the Various Kinds of Knowledge.

Chapter XVIII.—The Mosaic Law the Fountain of All Ethics, and the Source from Which the Greeks Drew Theirs.

Chapter XIX.—The True Gnostic is an Imitator of God, Especially in Beneficence.

Chapter XX.—The True Gnostic Exercises Patience and Self-Restraint.

Chapter XXI.—Opinions of Various Philosophers on the Chief Good.

Chapter XXII.—Plato’s Opinion, that the Chief Good Consists in Assimilation to God, and Its Agreement with Scripture.

Chapter XXIII.—On Marriage.


Book III

Book IV.

Book V

Book VI

Book VII


Fragments of Clemens Alexandrinus

Who is the Rich Man that shall be saved?

Subject Indexes


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