KIRKLAND, SAMUEL: American missionary to the Iroquois Indians; b. at Norwich, Conn., Dec. 1, 1741; d. at Clinton, N. Y., Feb. 28, 1808. He was graduated at the College of New Jersey (Princeton) in 1765, and on his return from a visit to the Senecas in 1766 was ordained into the Congregational ministry and sent as missionary to the Six Nations. During the Revolution he served as a chaplain in the army. For persuading the Oneidas and Tuscaroras to remain neutral he was rewarded by Congress with a large grant of land in 1785. At the close of the war he resumed his missionary work. In 1791 he conducted a delegation of some forty warriors to Philadelphia to meet Congress and discuss methods of introducing civilization among the tribes; and in 1793 he founded the Hamilton Oneida Academy (now Hamilton College) for the education of American and Indian youth.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. K. Lothrop, in J. Spark, Library of American Biography, 10 vols., New York, 1848-51; W. B. Sprague, Annals of the American Pulpit, i. 623-630, ib. 1869.

KIRKPATRICK, ALEXANDER FRANCIS: Church of England; b. at Lewes (50 m. s. of London), Sussex, June 25, 1849. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A., 1871), where he was elected fellow in 1871. He was ordered deacon in 1874 and ordained priest in 1875. He was assistant tutor in Trinity College 1871-82 and junior proctor 1881-82, and from the latter year until 1903 was regius professor of Hebrew and canon of Ely. Since 1903 he has been Lady Margaret professor of divinity and honorary canon of Ely. He was university preacher in 1875 1878, 1882, 1889, 1897, and 1903, Cambridge Whitehall preacher in 1878-1880, Lady Margaret preacher in 1882 and 1893, and Warburtonian lecturer at Lincoln's Inn in 1886-1890. He was examining chaplain to the bishop of Winchester 1878-90, the bishop of Rochester 1891-95, and again to the bishop of Winchester 1895-1903, and since 1903 has been examining chaplain to the archbishop of Canterbury. He has also been master of Selwyn College, Cambridge, since 1898, and besides being the general editor of the Old Testament and Apocrypha for the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, for which series he has prepared the volumes on I and II Samuel (2 vols., London, 1880-81) and the Psalms (3 vols., 1890-1901), has written The Divine Library of the Old Testament (1891) and The Doctrine of the Prophets (Warburtonian lectures; 1892).

KIRKUS, WILLIAM: Protestant Episcopalian; b. at Hull, England, May 9, 1830; d. in Brooklyn, July 10, 1907. He was educated at Lancashire Independent College, Manchester, and at the University of London (B.A., 1849). He then entered the Congregational ministry, and was assistant minister of Craven Chapel, . London, 1850-52, minister of St. Thomas Square Chapel, Hackney, London, 1852-68, and of Longsight Chapel, Manchester, 1868-70. From 1870 until 1872 he was headmaster of Broughton High School, Manchester. In 1872 he was admitted to deacon's orders in the Church of England and became curate at Cheatham Hill, Manchester. In the same year he came to the United States, and, being ordained to the priesthood, was curate of Grace Church, New York City, from 1873 to 1875. He was then rector of Christ Church, Baltimore, Md., 1875-76, and rector of St. Michael and All Angels in the same city 1876-92. In 1892 he retired from active parochial work to devote himself to literature. Besides editing The American Literary Churchman (Baltimore) from 1881 to 1885 and writing two novels under the pseudonym of Florence Williamson, he published Christianity, Theoretical arid Practical (London, 1854); Miscellaneous Essays (2 vols., 1833-69); Orthodoxy, Scripture, and Reason (1865); and Religion, a Revelation and Rule of Life (New York, 1886).


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