JOHNS, CLAUDE HERMANN WALTER: Church of England; b. at Banwell (22 m. s.w. of Bath), Somersetshire, Feb. 20, 1857. He was educated at Queen's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1880), and was second master successively at Horton College, Tasmania, in 1880-84 and Paston Grammar School, North Walsham, Norfolk, in 1884-86. He was ordered deacon in 1887 and ordained priest in the following year, and from 1887 until 1892 was tutor in St. Peter's Training College for Schoolmasters, Peterborough, as well as curate of St. Botolph's, Helpston (1887-88), and of St. John's, Peterborough (1888-91). Since 1892 he has been rector of St. Botolph's, Cambridge. He was also chaplain of Queen's College from 1893 to 1901, and since 1897 has been lecturer in Assyriology in Cambridge University, as well as in King's College, London, since 1902. He has likewise been Edwards fellow in the former university since 1900, and was honorary secretary of the Cambridge Pupil Teachers' Centre in 1894-1900. In theology he is a moderate Anglican. He has written Assyrian Deeds and Documents (3 vols., Cambridge, 1898-1902); An Assyrian Doomsday-Book, or Liber Censualis of the District round Harran (Leipsic, 1901); The Oldest Code of Laws in the World, Promulgated by Hammurabi (Edinburgh, 1903); and Babylonian arid Assyrian Laws, Contracts, and Letters (New York, 1904).

JOHNS, JOHN: Protestant Episcopal bishop of Virginia; b. at New Castle Del., July 10, 1796; d. at Alexandria, Va., Apr. 5, 1876. He studied at Princeton (B.A., 1815), and subsequently spent two years in the theological seminary there. In both college and seminary he was a classmate of Charles Hodge, with whom he formed a lifelong intimacy. He was ordained deacon in 1819, and priest in 1820. His first parish was All Saints, Frederick Md., where he remained till 1829, when be became rector of Christ Church, Baltimore. This charge he held till he was elected assistant bishop of Virginia in 1842. He became bishop in 1862. He was for a number of years the head of the Protestant Episcopal Theological Seminary of


Virginia. He wrote A Memoir of the Life of the Right Rev. William Meade (Baltimore, 1867).

BIBLIOGRAPHY. W. S. Perry, The Episcopate in America, p. 87, New York, 1895.

JOHNSON, ELIAS HENRY: Baptist; b. at Troy, N. Y., Oct. 15, 1841; d. at Chester, Pa., Mar. 10, 1908. He was educated at the University of Rochester (A.B., 1862), and from 1862 to 1864 continued his studies, a part of the time at Rochester Theological Seminary. After being acting assistant paymaster in the United States Navy in 1864-1866, he entered the Baptist ministry in the latter year, holding a pastorate at Le Sueur, Minn., in 1866-68. He then reentered Rochester Theological Seminary, from which he was graduated in 1871, spent two years in travel in Europe, the Holy Land, and Egypt, after which he was pastor at Ballston, N. Y., from 1873 to 1875 and at Providence, R. I., from 1875 to 1883. From the latter year until his death he was professor of systematic theology at Crozer Theological Seminary, Chester, Pa. He edited Songs of Praise for Sunday Schools (Philadelphia, 1882); Our Sunday School Songs (1885); and the hymnal Sursum Corda (1898); besides being associate editor of The Baptist Hymnal (Philadelphia, 1883). He also wrote Uses and Abuses of Ordinances (Philadelphia, 1890); Outline of Systematic Theology (1892); Review of Ethical Monism (New York, 1895); Ezekiel Gilman Robinson (1896); Religious Use of Imagination (1900); The Highest Life (1901); The Holy Spirit Then and Now (Philadelphia, 1904); and the posthumous Christian Agnosticism as Related to Christian Knowledge, ed. with Biographical Sketch, H. C. Vedder (1907).


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