RELLY, JAMES: Universalist; b. at Jeffreston (70 m. w.n.w. of Cardiff), Pembrokeshire, Wales, about 1722; d. at London Apr. 25, 1778. He attended the Pembroke grammar-school, came under the influence of George Whitefield, probably in the latter's first tour of Wales in 1741, and became one of his preachers. His first station was at Rhyddlangwraig near Narbeth, Pembrokeshire; and in 1747 he made a report of a missionary tour to Bristol, Bath, Gloucestershire, and Birmingham. He broke, however, with Whitefield on doctrinal grounds and is known to have been in controversy with John Wesley in 1756. About the same time he adopted Universalism and occupied meetinghouses in various parts of London until his death. One of his converts in 1770 was John Murray (q.v.), the founder of Universalist churches in America. His chief publications were: The Tryal of Spirits (London, 1756); Union; or a Treatise of the Consanguinity between Christ and His Church (1759); The Sadducee Detected (1754); and Epistles, or the Great Salvation Contemplated (1776).

BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. Wilson. Hist. and Antiquities of Dissenting Churches in London, i. 358-359, iii. 184. 385, 4 vols., London, 1808-14; L. Tyerman. Life and Times of John Wesley, i. 536-537. ii. 240, 400, London, 1870-71; R. Eddy, in American Church History Series, x. 348, 392, 473. New York, 1894; DNB, xlviii. 7-8.

REMENSNYDER, rem'en-snai"der, JUNIUS BENJAMIN: Lutheran; b. at Staunton, Va., Feb. 24, 1843. He was graduated from Pennsylvania College, Gettysburg, Pa. (B.A., 1861), and the Gettysburg Theological Seminary (1865). He served in the 131st Pennsylvania Volunteers in 1862-63, and after his ordination in 1865 held pastorates at St. John's, Lewistown, Pa. (18657), St. Luke's, Philadelphia (1867-74), Church of the Ascension, Savannah, Ga. (1874-80), and St. James', New York City, of which he has been the head since 1881. In theology he is conservative and is opposed to rationalism, favoring progressive and constructive, not destructive, criticism; he advocates educational rather than emotional methods in religion and in worship holds to the historic liturgies. He has written Heavenward: or, The Race for the Crown of Life (Philadelphia, 1874, new ed., 1908); Doom Eternal: The Bible and Church Doctrine of Everlasting Punishment (1880); The Work and Personality of Luther (New York, 1882); Lutheran Literature: Its Distinctive Traits and Excellencies (1883); The Six Days of Creation: Lectures on the Mosaic Account of the Creation, Fall, and Deluge (1886); The Real Presence (1890); The Lutheran Manual (1892); The Atonement and Modern Thought (Philadelphia, 1905); and Mysticism: Psychology, History., and Relation to Scripture, Church, and Christian Life (1909).


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