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49Section IV.

[1] 303303    John i. 18.No man hath seen God at any time; the only Son, God,304304    cf. Peshitta, etc. (not Cur.); cf. also Gildemeister, op. cit., p. 29, on Luke ix. 20. which is in the bosom of his Father, he hath told of him.

[2] 305305    John i. 19.And this is the witness of John when the Jews sent to him from Jerusalem priests [3] and Levites to ask him, Who art thou?  306306    John i. 20.And he acknowledged, and denied not; [4] and he confessed that he was not the Messiah.  307307    John i. 21.And they asked him again, What then?  Art thou Elijah?  And he said, I am not he.  Art thou a prophet?  He [5] said, No.  308308    John i. 22.They said unto him, Then who art thou? that we may answer them that [6] sent us.  What sayest thou of thyself?  309309    John i. 23.And he said, I am the voice that crieth in [7] the desert, Repair ye the way of the Lord, as said Isaiah the prophet.  310310    John i. 24.And they [8] that were sent were from311311    Lit. from the side of. the Pharisees.  312312    John i. 25.And they asked him and said unto him, Why baptizest thou now, when thou art not the Messiah, nor Elijah, nor a prophet?  [9] 313313    John i. 26.John answered and said unto them, I baptize with314314    Or, in. water:  among you is standing [10] one whom ye know not:  315315    John i. 27.this is he who I said cometh after me and was before [11] me, the latchets of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose.  316316    John i. 28.And that was in Bethany beyond Jordan, where John was baptizing.

[12] 317317    Matt. iii. 4.Now John’s raiment was camel’s hair, and he was girded with skins, and his food [13] [Arabic, p. 15] was of locusts and honey of the wilderness.318318    On the original Diatessaron reading, honey and milk of the mountains, or, milk and honey of the mountains, which latter Ibn-at-Tayyib cites in his Commentary (folio 44b, 45a) as a reading, but without any allusion to the Diatessaron, see, e.g., now Harris, Fragments of the Com. of Ephr. Syr. upon the Diat. (London, 1895), p. 17 f.   319319    Matt. iii. 5.Then went out unto him the people of Jerusalem, and all Judæa, and all the region which is about the [14, 15] Jordan; 320320    Matt. iii. 6.and they were baptized of him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins.  321321    Matt. iii. 7.But when he saw many of the Pharisees322322    The translator uses invariably an Arabic word (name of a sect) meaning Separatists. and Sadducees323323    Lit. Zindiks, a name given to Persian dualists and others. coming to be baptized, he said unto them, Ye children of vipers, who hath led you to flee from the wrath to come?  [16, 17] 324324    Matt. iii. 8.Do now the fruits which are worthy of repentance; 325325    Matt. iii. 9.and think and say not within yourselves, We have a father, even Abraham; for I say unto you, that God is able to [18] raise up of these stones children unto Abraham.  326326    Matt. iii. 10.Behold, the axe hath been laid at the roots of the trees, and so every tree that beareth not good fruit shall be taken and [19] cast into the fire.  327327    Luke iii. 10.And the multitudes were asking him and saying, What shall we do?  [20] 328328    Luke iii. 11.He answered and said unto them, He that hath two tunics shall329329    Grammar requires this rendering, but solecisms in this kind of word are very common, and in this work (e.g., § 48, 21) the jussive particle is sometimes omitted.  We should therefore probably render let him give, let him do, etc. give to him that [21] hath not; and he that hath food shall330330    Grammar requires this rendering, but solecisms in this kind of word are very common, and in this work (e.g., § 48, 21) the jussive particle is sometimes omitted.  We should therefore probably render let him give, let him do, etc. do likewise.  331331    Luke iii. 12.And the publicans also came [22] to be baptized, and they said unto him, Teacher, what shall we do?  332332    Luke iii. 13.He said unto [23] them, Seek not more than what ye are commanded to seek.  333333    Luke iii. 14.And the servants334334    cf. Peshitta, where the word has its special meaning, soldiers. of the guard asked him and said, And we also, what shall we do?  He said unto them, Do not violence to any man, nor wrong him; and let your allowances satisfy you.

[24] 335335    Luke iii. 15 .And when the people were conjecturing about John, and all of them thinking [25] in their hearts whether he were haply336336    Our translator constantly uses this Arabic word (which we render haply, or, can it be? or, perhaps, etc.) to represent the Syriac word used in this place.  The latter is used in various ways, and need not be interrogative, as our translator renders it (cf. especially § 17, 6). the Messiah, 337337    Luke iii. 16.John answered and said unto them, I baptize you with water; there cometh one after me who is stronger than I, the latchets of whose shoes I am not worthy to loosen; he will baptize you with the [26] Holy Spirit and fire:  338338    Luke iii. 17 .who taketh the fan in his hand to cleanse his threshing-floors, [Arabic, p. 16] and the wheat he gathereth into his garners, while the straw he shall burn in fire which can339339    Or, shall. not be put out.

[27] 340340    Luke iii. 18.And other things he taught and preached among the people.

[28] 341341    Matt. iii. 13.Then came Jesus from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized of him.  [29] 342342    Luke iii. 23a.And Jesus was about thirty years old, and it was supposed that he was the son of [30] Joseph.343343    The Vat. ms. here gives the genealogy (Luke iii. 23–38), of which we shall quote only the last words:  the son of Adam; who (was) from God.  If this were not the reading of the Peshitta (against Sin.) and Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary, one might explain from as a corruption of the Arabic son of, the words being very similar.  On the Borg. ms. see § 55, 17, note.  344344    John i. 29.And John saw Jesus coming unto him, and said, This is the Lamb of [31] God, that taketh on itself the burden of the sins of the world!  345345    John i. 30.This is he concerning whom I said, There cometh after me a man who was before me, because he was 50[32] before me.346346    cf. § 3, 54, note.  347347    John i. 31.And I knew him not; but that he should be made manifest to Israel, [33] for this cause came I to baptize with water.  348348    Matt. iii. 14.And John was hindering him and [34] saying, I have need of being baptized by thee, and comest thou to me?  349349    Matt. iii. 15.Jesus answered him and said, Suffer this now:  thus it is our duty to fulfill all righteousness.  [35] Then he suffered him.  350350    Luke iii. 21b.And when all the people were baptized, Jesus also [36] was baptized.  351351    Matt. iii. 16b.And immediately he went up out of the water, and heaven opened [37] [Arabic, p. 17] to him,352352    For the statement of Isho’dad (see above, Introduction, 10), “And straightway, as the Diatessaron testifieth, light shone forth,” etc., see Harris, Fragments, etc., p. 43 f. 353353    Luke iii. 22a.and the Holy Spirit descended upon him in the similitude of the [38] body of a dove; 354354    Matt. iii. 17.and lo, a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved [39] Son, in whom I am well pleased.  355355    John i. 32.And John bare witness and said, I beheld the [40] Spirit descend from heaven like a dove; and it abode upon him.  356356    John i. 33.But I knew him not; but he that sent me to baptize with water, he said unto me, Upon whomsoever thou shalt behold the Spirit descending and lighting upon him, the same is he that [41] baptizeth with the Holy Spirit.  357357    John i. 34.And I have seen and borne witness that this is the Son of God.

[42, 43] 358358    Luke iv. 1a.And Jesus returned from the Jordan, filled with the Holy Spirit.  359359    Mark i. 12.And immediately the Spirit took him out into the wilderness, to be tried of the devil;360360    Lit. calumniator. 361361    Mark i. 13b.and he [44] was with the beasts.  362362    Matt. iv. 2a.And he fasted forty days and forty nights.  363363    Luke iv. 2b.And he ate nothing [45] in those days, and at the end of them he hungered.  364364    Matt. iv. 2b, 3.And the tempter came and said unto him, If thou art the Son of God, speak, and these stones shall become [46] bread.  365365    Matt. iv. 4.He answered and said, It is written, Not by bread alone shall man live, but [47] by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.  366366    Matt. iv. 5.Then the devil367367    Lit. calumniator. brought [48] him to the holy city, and set him on the pinnacle of the temple, 368368    Matt. iv. 6.and said unto him, If thou art the Son of God, cast thyself down:  for it is written,

He shall give his angels charge concerning thee:

And they shall take thee on their arms,

So that thy foot shall not stumble against a stone.

[49] 369369    Matt. iv. 7.Jesus said unto him, And370370    Borg. ms. omits and. it is written also, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy [50] God.  371371    Luke iv. 5.And the devil372372    Lit. backbiter, a different word from that used above in § 4, 43, 47. took him up to a high mountain, and shewed him all the kingdoms [51] [Arabic, p. 18] of the earth, and their glory, in the least time; 373373    Luke iv. 6.and the devil374374    Lit. backbiter, a different word from that used above in § 4, 43, 47. said unto him, To thee will I give all this dominion, and its glory, which is delivered to [52] me that I may give it to whomsoever I will.  375375    Luke iv. 7.If then thou wilt worship before me, all of it shall be thine.

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