Table of Contents

Title Page



Background Information

Part One

Chapter I. The homonymity of Ẓelem

Chapter II. On Genesis iii. 5.

Chapter III. On tabnit and temunah

Chapter IV. On raah, hibbit and ḥazah

Chapter V. On Exod. xxiv. 10

Chapter VI. On ish and ishshah, aḥ and aḥot

Chapter VII. On yalad

Chapter VIII. On maḳom

Chapter IX. On kisse

Chapter X. On ‘alah, yarad

Chapter XI. On yashab

Chapter XII. On kam

Chapter XIII. On ‘amad

Chapter XIV. On adam

Chapter XV. On naẓab, yaẓab

Chapter XVI. On Ẓur

Chapter XVII. On Mishnah Ḥagigah ii. 1

Chapter XVIII. On ḳarab, naga‘, niggash

Chapter XIX. On male

Chapter XX. On ram, nissa

Chapter XXI. On ‘abar

Chapter XXII. On ba

Chapter XXIII. On Yaẓa, shub

Chapter XXIV. On halak

Chapter XXV. On shaken

Chapter XXVI. On “The Torah speaketh the language of man”

Chapter XXVII. On Targum of Gen. xlvi. 4

Chapter XXVIII. On regel

Chapter XXIX. On ‘aẓeb

Chapter XXX. On akal

Chapter XXXI. On the Limit of Man’s Intellect

Chapter XXXII. On the Limit of Man’s Intellect (Conclusion)

Chapter XXXIII. On the Study and the Teaching of Metaphysics

Chapter XXXIV. On the Study and the Teaching of Metaphysics (Cont’d)

Chapter XXXV. On the Study and the Teaching of Metaphysics (Cont’d)

Chapter XXXVI. On the Study and the Teaching of Metaphysics (Concluded)

Chapter XXXVII. On panim

Chapter XXXVIII. On aḥor

Chapter XXXIX. On leb

Chapter XL. On ruaḥ

Chapter XLI. On nefesh

Chapter XLII. On ḥayyim-mavet

Chapter XLIII. On kanaf

Chapter XLIV. On ‘ayin

Chapter XLV. On shama‘

Chapter XLVI. On the Attribution of Senses and Sensation to God

Chapter XLVII. On the Attribution of Senses and Sensation to God (Concluded)

Chapter XLVIII. The Targum of shama‘ and raah

Chapter XLIX. Figurative Expressions applied to Angels

Chapter L. On Faith

Chapter LI. On the Necessity of Proving the Inadmissibility of Attributes in reference to God

Chapter LII. Classification of Attributes

Chapter LIII. The Arguments of the Attributists

Chapter LIV. On Exod. xxxiii. 13; xxxiv. 7

Chapter LV. On Attributes implying Corporeality, Emotion, Non-existence and Comparison

Chapter LVI. On Attributes denoting Existence, Life, Power, Wisdom and Will

Chapter LVII. On the Identity of the Essence of God and His Attributes

Chapter LVIII. On the Negative Sense of the True Attributes of God

Chapter LIX. On the Character of the Knowledge of God Consisting of Negations

Chapter LX. On the Difference between Positive and Negative Attributes

Chapter LXI. On the Names of God

Chapter LXII. On the Divine Names composed of Four, Twelve and Forty-two Letters

Chapter LXIII. On Ehyeh, Yah, and Shaddai

Chapter LXIV. On “The Name of the Lord,” and “The Glory of God”

Chapter LXV. On the phrase “God spake”

Chapter LXVI. On Exod. xxxii. 16

Chapter LXVII. On shabat and naḥ

Chapter LXVIII. On the Terms: The Intellectus, the Intelligens and the Intelligibile

Chapter LXIX. On the Primal Cause

Chapter LXX. On the attribute rokeb ba‘arabot

Chapter LXXI. The Origin of the Kalām

Chapter LXXII. A Parallel between the Universe and Man

Chapter LXXIII. Twelve Propositions of the Kalām

Chapter LXXIV. Proofs of the Kalām for the creatio ex nihilo

Chapter LXXV. Proofs of the Kalām for the Unity of God

Chapter LXXVI. Proofs of the Kalām for the Incorporeality of God

Part Two

Author’s Introduction. The Twenty-six Propositions employed by the Philosophers to prove the Existence of God

Chapter I. Philosophical proofs for the Existence, Incorporeality, and Unity of the First Cause

Chapter II. On the Existence of Intelligences or purely Spiritual Beings

Chapter III. The Author adopts the Theory of Aristotle as least open to Objections

Chapter IV. The Spheres and the Causes of their Motion

Chapter V. Agreement of the Aristotelian Theory with the Teaching of Scripture

Chapter VI. What is meant by the Scriptural Term “Angels”

Chapter VII. The Homonymity of the term “Angel”

Chapter VIII. On the Music of the Spheres

Chapter IX. On the Number of the Heavenly Spheres

Chapter X. The Influence of the Spheres upon the Earth manifesto itself in four different ways

Chapter XI. The Theory of Eccentricity Preferable to that of Epicycles

Chapter XII. On the Nature of the Divine Influence and that of the Spheres

Chapter XIII. Three Different Theories about the Beginning of the Universe

Chapter XIV. Seven Methods by which the Philosophers sought to prove the Eternity of the Universe

Chapter XV. Aristotle does not scientifically demonstrate his Theory

Chapter XVI. The Author refutes all Objections to Creatio ex nihilo

Chapter XVII. The Laws of Nature apply to Things Created, but do not regulate the Creative Act which produces them

Chapter XVIII. Examinations of the Proofs of Philosophers for the Eternity of the Universe

Chapter XIX. Design in Nature

Chapter XX. The Opinion of Aristotle as regards Design in Nature

Chapter XXI. Explanation of the Aristotelian Theory that the Universe is the necessary Result of the First Cause

Chapter XXII. Objections to the Theory of the Eternity of the Universe

Chapter XXIII. The Theory of Creatio ex nihilo is preferable to that of the Eternity of the Universe

Chapter XXIV. Difficulty of Comprehending the Nature and the Motion of the Spheres according to the Theory of Aristotle

Chapter XXV. The Theory of Creation is adopted because of its own Superiority, the Proofs based on Scripture being Inconclusive

Chapter XXVI. Examination of a passage from Pirḳe di-Rabbi Eliezer in reference to Creation

Chapter XXVII. The Theory of a Future Destruction of the Universe is not part of the Religious Belief taught in the Bible

Chapter XXVIII. Scriptural Teaching is in favour of the Indestructibility of the Universe

Chapter XXIX. Explanation of Scriptural Phrases implying the Destruction of Heaven and Earth

Chapter XXX. Philosophical Interpretation of Genesis i.-iv.

Chapter XXXI. The Institution of the Sabbath serves (1) to Teach the Theory of Creation, and (2) to promote Man’s Welfare

Chapter XXXII. Three Theories concerning Prophecy

Chapter XXXIII. The Difference between Moses and the other Israelites as regards the Revelation on Mount Sinai

Chapter XXXIV. Explanation of Exodus xxiii. 20

Chapter XXXV. The Difference between Moses and the other Prophets as regards the Miracles wrought by them

Chapter XXXVI. On the Mental, Physical and Moral Faculties of the Prophets

Chapter XXXVII. On the Divine Influence upon Man’s Imaginative and Mental Faculties through the Active Intellect

Chapter XXXVIII. Courage and Intuition reach the highest degree of Perfection in Prophets

Chapter XXXIX. Moses was the fittest Prophet to Receive and Promulgate the Immutable Law, which succeeding Prophets merely Taught and Expounded

Chapter XL. The Test of True Prophecy

Chapter XLI. What is Meant by “Vision”

Chapter XLII. Prophets Received Direct Communication only in Dreams or Visions

Chapter XLIII. On the Allegories of the Prophets

Chapter XLIV. On the Different Modes in which Prophets Receive Divine Messages

Chapter XLV. The Various Classes of Prophets

Chapter XLVI. The Allegorical Acts of Prophets formed Parts of Prophetic Visions

Chapter XLVII. On the Figurative Style of the Prophetic Writings

Chapter XLVIII. Scripture ascribes Phenomena directly produced by Natural Causes to God as the First Cause of all things

Part Three

The Author’s Introduction and Apology for Publishing, contrary to the Teaching of The Mishnah, an Interpretatin of Ezek. i.

Chapter I. The “Four Faces” are Human Faces with four different peculiarities

Chapter II. The Ḥayyot and the Ofannim

Chapter III. Further Explanation of the Ḥayyot and the Ofannim derived from Ezek. x.

Chapter IV. The rendering of Ofan by Gilgal in the Targum of Jonathan

Chapter V. The Vision of Ezekiel is divided into three stages: (1) Ḥayyot (= the Spheres); (2) Ofannim (=Earthly elements); and (3) the man above the Ḥayyot

Chapter VI. On the Difference between the Vision of Ezekiel and that of Isaiah (vi.)

Chapter VII. The Different Ways in which the Prophet perceived the Three Parts of the Mercabah (Chariot)

Chapter VIII. Man has the Power to Control his Bodily Wants and Earthly Desires

Chapter IX. The Material Element in Man Prevents him from Attaining Perfection

Chapter X. God is not the Creator of Evil

Chapter XI. Man is the Cause of his own Misfortunes

Chapter XII. Three Kinds of Evil: (1) That caused by the Nature of Man; (2) Caused by Man to Man; (3) Caused by Man to himself

Chapter XIII. The Universe has No other Purpose than its own Existence

Chapter XIV. It is the Will of the Creator that the Spheres regulate the Affairs of Mankind

Chapter XV. Impossible Things are not ascribed to the Creator, but it in difficult to Prove the Impossibility in each Individual Case

Chapter XVI. On God’s Omniscience

Chapter XVII. Five Theories concerning Providence

Chapter XVIII. Every Individual Member of Mankind enjoys the Influence of Divine Providence in proportion to his Intellectual Perfection

Chapter XIX. It is an ancient Error to Assume that God takes no Notice of Man

Chapter XX. God’s Knowledge is Different from Man’s Knowledge

Chapter XXI. The Creator’s knowledge of His Production is Perfect

Chapter XXII. Object of the Book of Job, and Explanation of the First Two Chapters

Chapter XXIII. Job and his Friends Discuss the various Theories concerning Providence

Chapter XXIV. On Trials and Temptations

Chapter XXV. The Actions of God are Not Purposeless

Chapter XXVI. The Divine Precepts Serve a certain Purpose

Chapter XXVII. The Object of the Divine Precepts is to Secure the Well-being of Man’s Soul and Body

Chapter XXVIII. This Object is easily seen in some Precepts whilst in others it is only known after due Reflection

Chapter XXIX. On the Sabeans or Star-worshippers

Chapter XXX. It is one of the Objects of the Law of Moses to Oppose Idolatry

Chapter XXXI. The Law Promotes the Well-being of Man by teaching Truth, Morality and Social Conduct

Chapter XXXII. Why did God give Laws to Oppose Idolatry instead of Uprooting it directly?

Chapter XXXIII. Another chief Object of the Law is to Train Man in Mastering his Appetites and Desires

Chapter XXXIV. The Law is based on the ordinary condition of man

Chapter XXXV. Division of the Precepts into Fourteen Classes

Chapter XXXVI. First Class of Precepts, to Know, Love and Fear God

Chapter XXXVII. Second Class, Laws concerning Idolatry

Chapter XXXVIII. Third Class, Moral Precepts

Chapter XXXIX. Fourth Class, Laws relating to Charity

Chapter XL. Fifth Class, Compensation for Injury and the Duty of Preventing Sin

Chapter XLI. Sixth Class, Punishment of the Sinner

Chapter XLII. Seventh Class, Equity and Honesty

Chapter XLIII. Eighth Class, Sabbath and Festivals

Chapter XLIV. Ninth Class, Prayer, Teffillin, Ẓiẓit and Mezuzah

Chapter XLV. Tenth Class, The Temple, its Vessels and its Ministers

Chapter XLVI. Eleventh Class, Sacrifices

Chapter XLVII. Twelfth Class, Distinction between Clean and Unclean and on Purification

Chapter XLVIII. Thirteenth Class, Dietary Laws

Chapter XLIX. Fourteenth Class, Marriage Laws

Chapter L. On Scriptural Passages with seemingly Purposeless Contents

Chapter LI. How God is worshipped by a Perfect Man

Chapter LII. On the Fear of God

Chapter LIII. Explanation of Ḥesed (Love), Mishpat (Judgment), and Ẓedaḳah (Righteousness)

Chapter LIV. On True Wisdom



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