Contents

Holy Bible

Weymouth New Testament

New Testament

Matthew

Chapter 1

1 The Genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham. 2 Abraham was the father of Isaac; Isaac of Jacob; Jacob of Judah and his brothers. 3 Judah was the father (by Tamar) of Perez and Zerah; Perez of Hezron; Hezron of Ram; 4 Ram of Amminadab; Amminadab of Nahshon; Nahshon of Salmon; 5 Salmon (by Rahab) of Boaz; Boaz (by Ruth) of Obed; Obed of Jesse; 6 Jesse of David--the King. David (by Uriah's widow) was the father of Solomon; 7 Solomon of Rehoboam; Rehoboam of Abijah; Abijah of Asa; 8 Asa of Jehoshaphat; Jehoshaphat of Jehoram; Jehoram of Uzziah; 9 Uzziah of Jotham; Jotham of Ahaz; Ahaz of Hezekiah; 10 Hezekiah of Manasseh; Manasseh of Amon; Amon of Josiah; 11 Josiah of Jeconiah and his brothers at the period of the Removal to Babylon. 12 After the Removal to Babylon Jeconiah had a son Shealtiel; Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel; 13 Zerubbabel of Abiud; Abiud of Eliakim; Eliakim of Azor; 14 Azor of Zadok; Zadok of Achim; Achim of Eliud; 15 Eliud of Eleazar; Eleazar of Matthan; Matthan of Jacob; 16 and Jacob of Joseph the husband of Mary, who was the mother of JESUS who is called CHRIST. 17 There are therefore, in all, fourteen generations from Abraham to David; fourteen from David to the Removal to Babylon; and fourteen from the Removal to Babylon to the Christ. 18 The circumstances of the birth of Jesus Christ were these. After his mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, before they were united in marriage, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit. 19 But Joseph her husband, being a kind-hearted man and unwilling publicly to disgrace her, had determined to release her privately from the betrothal. 20 But while he was contemplating this step, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, "Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to bring home your wife Mary, for she is with child through the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a Son, and you are to call His name JESUS for He it is who will save His People from their sins." 22 All this took place in fulfilment of what the Lord had spoken through the Prophet, 23 "Mark! The maiden will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call His name Immanuel" --a word which signifies `God with us'. 24 When Joseph awoke, he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded, and brought home his wife, 25 but did not live with her until she had given birth to a son. The child's name he called JESUS.

Chapter 2

1 Now after the birth of Jesus, which took place at Bethlehem in Judaea in the reign of King Herod, excitement was produced in Jerusalem by the arrival of certain Magi from the east, 2 inquiring, "Where is the newly born king of the Jews? For we have seen his Star in the east, and have come here to do him homage." 3 Reports of this soon reached the king, and greatly agitated not only him but all the people of Jerusalem. 4 So he assembled all the High Priests and Scribes of the people, and anxiously asked them where the Christ was to be born. 5 "At Bethlehem in Judaea," they replied; "for so it stands written in the words of the Prophet, 6 "`And thou, Bethlehem in the land of Judah, by no means the least honorable art thou among princely places in Judah! For from thee shall come a prince--one who shall be the Shepherd of My People Israel.'" 7 Thereupon Herod sent privately for the Magi and ascertained from them the exact time of the star's appearing. 8 He then directed them to go to Bethlehem, adding, "Go and make careful inquiry about the child, and when you have found him, bring me word, that I too may come and do him homage." 9 After hearing what the king said, they went to Bethlehem, while, strange to say, the star they had seen in the east led them on until it came and stood over the place where the babe was. 10 When they saw the star, the sight filled them with intense joy. 11 So they entered the house; and when they saw the babe with His mother Mary, they prostrated themselves and did Him homage, and opening their treasure-chests offered gifts to Him--gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12 But being forbidden by God in a dream to return to Herod, they went back to their own country by a different route. 13 When they were gone, and angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, "Rise: take the babe and His mother and escape to Egypt, and remain there till I bring you word. For Herod is about to make search for the child in order to destroy Him." 14 So Joseph roused himself and took the babe and His mother by night and departed into Egypt. 15 There he remained till Herod's death, that what the Lord had said through the Prophet might be fulfilled, "Out of Egypt I called My Son." 16 Then Herod, finding that the Magi had trifled with him, was furious, and sent and massacred all the boys under two years of age, in Bethlehem and all its neighbourhood, according to the date he had so carefully ascertained from the Magi. 17 Then were these words, spoken by the Prophet Jeremiah, fulfilled, 18 "A voice was heard in Ramah, wailing and bitter lamentation: It was Rachel bewailing her children, and she refused to be comforted because there were no more." 19 But after Herod's death an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt, and said to him, 20 "Rise from sleep, and take the child and His mother, and go into the land of Israel, for those who were seeking the child's life are dead." 21 So he roused himself and took the child and His mother and came into the land of Israel. 22 But hearing that Archelaus had succeeded his father Herod on the throne of Judaea, he was afraid to go there; and being instructed by God in a dream he withdrew into Galilee, 23 and went and settled in a town called Nazareth, in order that these words spoken through the Prophets might be fulfilled, "He shall be called a Nazarene."

Chapter 3

1 About this time John the Baptist made his appearance, preaching in the Desert of Judaea. 2 "Repent," he said, "for the Kingdom of the Heavens is now close at hand." 3 He it is who was spoken of through the Prophet Isaiah when he said, "The voice of one crying aloud, `In the desert prepare ye a road for the Lord: make His highway straight.'" 4 This man John wore a garment of camel's hair, and a loincloth of leather; and he lived upon locusts and wild honey. 5 Then large numbers of people went out to him--people from Jerusalem and from all Judaea, and from the whole of the Jordan valley-- 6 and were baptized by him in the Jordan, making full confession of their sins. 7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he exclaimed, "O vipers' brood, who has warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Therefore let your lives prove your change of heart; 9 and do not imagine that you can say to yourselves, `We have Abraham as our forefather,' for I tell you that God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones. 10 And already the axe is lying at the root of the trees, so that every tree which does not produce good fruit will quickly be hewn down and thrown into the fire. 11 I indeed am baptizing you in water on a profession of repentance; but He who is coming after me is mightier than I: His sandals I am not worthy to carry for a moment; He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire. 12 His winnowing-shovel is in His hand, and He will make a thorough clearance of His threshing-floor, gathering His wheat into the storehouse, but burning up the chaff in unquenchable fire." 13 Just at that time Jesus, coming from Galilee to the Jordan, presents Himself to John to be baptized by him. 14 John protested. "It is I," he said, "who have need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?" 15 "Let it be so on this occasion," Jesus replied; "for so we ought to fulfil every religious duty." Then he consented; 16 and Jesus was baptized, and immediately went up from the water. At that moment the heavens opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him, 17 while a voice came from Heaven, saying, "This is My Son, the dearly loved, in whom is My delight."

Chapter 4

1 At that time Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the Desert in order to be tempted by the Devil. 2 There He fasted for forty days and nights; and after that He suffered from hunger. 3 So the Tempter came and said, "If you are the Son of God, command these stones to turn into loaves." 4 "It is written," replied Jesus, "`It is not on bread alone that a man shall live, but on whatsoever God shall appoint.'" 5 Then the Devil took Him to the Holy City and caused Him to stand on the roof of the Temple, 6 and said, "If you are God's Son, throw yourself down; for it is written, "`To His angels He will give orders concerning thee, and on their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any moment thou shouldst strike thy foot against a stone.'" 7 "Again it is written," replied Jesus, "`Thou shalt not put the Lord thy God to the proof.'" 8 Then the Devil took Him to the top of an exceedingly lofty mountain, from which he caused Him to see all the Kingdoms of the world and their splendour, 9 and said to Him, "All this I will give you, if you will kneel down and do me homage." 10 "Begone, Satan!" Jesus replied; "for it is written, `To the Lord thy God thou shalt do homage, and to Him alone shalt thou render worship.'" 11 Thereupon the Devil left Him, and angels at once came and ministered to Him. 12 Now when Jesus heard that John was thrown into prison, He withdrew into Galilee, 13 and leaving Nazareth He went and settled at Capernaum, a town by the Lake on the frontiers of Zebulun and Naphtali, 14 in order that these words, spoken through the Prophet Isaiah, might be fulfilled, 15 "Zebulun's land and Naphtali's land; the road by the Lake; the country beyond the Jordan; Galilee of the Nations! 16 The people who were dwelling in darkness have seen a brilliant light; and on those who were dwelling in the region of the shadow of death, on them light has dawned." 17 From that time Jesus began to preach. "Repent," He said, "for the Kingdom of the Heavens is now close at hand." 18 And walking along the shore of the Lake of Galilee He saw two brothers--Simon called Peter and his brother Andrew--throwing a drag-net into the Lake; for they were fishers. 19 And He said to them, "Come and follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." 20 So they immediately left their nets and followed Him. As He went further on, 21 He saw two other brothers, James the son of Zabdi and his brother John, in the boat with their father Zabdi mending their nets; and He called them. 22 And they at once left the boat and their father, and followed Him. 23 Then Jesus travelled through all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the Good News of the Kingdom, and curing every kind of disease and infirmity among the people. 24 Thus His fame spread through all Syria; and they brought all the sick to Him, the people who were suffering from various diseases and pains--demoniacs, epileptics, paralytics; and He cured them. 25 And great crowds followed Him, coming from Galilee, from the Ten Towns, from Jerusalem, and from beyond the district on the other side of the Jordan.

Chapter 5

1 Seeing the multitude of people, Jesus went up the Hill. There He seated Himself, and when His disciples came to Him, 2 He proceeded to teach them, and said: 3 "Blessed are the poor in spirit, for to them belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens. 4 "Blessed are the mourners, for they shall be comforted. 5 "Blessed are the meek, for they as heirs shall obtain possession of the earth. 6 "Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be completely satisfied. 7 "Blessed are the compassionate, for they shall receive compassion. 8 "Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. 9 "Blessed are the peacemakers, for it is they who will be recognized as sons of God. 10 "Blessed are those who have borne persecution in the cause of Righteousness, for to them belongs the Kingdom of the Heavens. 11 "Blessed are you when they have insulted and persecuted you, and have said every cruel thing about you falsely for my sake. 12 Be joyful and triumphant, because your reward is great in the Heavens; for so were the Prophets before you persecuted. 13 "You are the salt of the earth; but if salt has become tasteless, in what way can it regain its saltness? It is no longer good for anything but to be thrown away and trodden on by the passers by. 14 You are the light of the world; a town cannot be hid if built on a hill-top. 15 Nor is a lamp lighted to be put under a bushel, but on the lampstand; and then it gives light to all in the house. 16 Just so let your light shine before all men, in order that they may see your holy lives and may give glory to your Father who is in Heaven. 17 "Do not for a moment suppose that I have come to abrogate the Law or the Prophets: I have not come to abrogate them but to give them their completion. 18 Solemnly I tell you that until Heaven and earth pass away, not one iota or smallest detail will pass away from the Law until all has taken place. 19 Whoever therefore breaks one of these least commandments and teaches others to break them, will be called the least in the Kingdom of the Heavens; but whoever practises them and teaches them, he will be acknowledged as great in the Kingdom of the Heavens. 20 For I assure you that unless your righteousness greatly surpasses that of the Scribes and the Pharisees, you will certainly not find entrance into the Kingdom of the Heavens. 21 "You have heard that it was said to the ancients, `Thou shalt not commit murder', and whoever commits murder will be answerable to the magistrate. 22 But I say to you that every one who becomes angry with his brother shall be answerable to the magistrate; that whoever says to his brother `Raca,' shall be answerable to the Sanhedrin; and that whoever says, `You fool!' shall be liable to the Gehenna of Fire. 23 If therefore when you are offering your gift upon the altar, you remember that your brother has a grievance against you, 24 leave your gift there before the altar, and go and make friends with your brother first, and then return and proceed to offer your gift. 25 Come to terms without delay with your opponent while you are yet with him on the way to the court; for fear he should obtain judgement from the magistrate against you, and the magistrate should give you in custody to the officer and you be thrown into prison. 26 I solemnly tell you that you will certainly not be released till you have paid the very last farthing. 27 "You have heard that it was said, `Thou shalt not commit adultery.' 28 But I tell you that whoever looks at a woman and cherishes lustful thoughts has already in his heart become guilty with regard to her. 29 If therefore your eye, even the right eye, is a snare to you, tear it out and away with it; it is better for you that one member should be destroyed rather than that your whole body should be thrown into Gehenna. 30 And if your right hand is a snare to you, cut it off and away with it; it is better for you that one member should be destroyed rather than that your whole body should go into Gehenna. 31 "It was also said, `If any man puts away his wife, let him give her a written notice of divorce.' 32 But I tell you that every man who puts away his wife except on the ground of unfaithfulness causes her to commit adultery, and whoever marries her when so divorced commits adultery. 33 "Again, you have heard that it was said to the ancients, `Thou shalt not swear falsely, but shalt perform thy vows to the Lord.' 34 But I tell you not to swear at all; neither by Heaven, for it is God's throne; 35 nor by the earth, for it is the footstool under His feet; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the City of the Great King. 36 And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make one hair white or black. 37 But let your language be, `Yes, yes,' or `No, no.' Anything in excess of this comes from the Evil one. 38 "You have heard that it was said, `Eye for eye, tooth for tooth.' 39 But I tell you not to resist a wicked man, but if any one strikes you on the right cheek, turn the other to him as well. 40 If any one wishes to go to law with you and to deprive you of your under garment, let him take your outer one also. 41 And whoever shall compel you to convey his goods one mile, go with him two. 42 To him who asks, give: from him who would borrow, turn not away. 43 "You have heard that it was said, `Thou shalt love thy neighbour and hate thine enemy.' 44 But I command you all, love your enemies, and pray for your persecutors; 45 that so you may become true sons of your Father in Heaven; for He causes His sun to rise on the wicked as well as the good, and sends rain upon those who do right and those who do wrong. 46 For if you love only those who love you, what reward have you earned? Do not even the tax-gatherers do that? 47 And if you salute only your near relatives, what praise is due to you? Do not even the Gentiles do the same? 48 You however are to be complete in goodness, as your Heavenly Father is complete.

Chapter 6

1 "But beware of doing your good actions in the sight of men, in order to attract their gaze; if you do, there is no reward for you with your Father who is in Heaven. 2 `When you give in charity, never blow a trumpet before you as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and streets in order that their praises may be sung by men. I solemnly tell you that they already have their reward. 3 But when you are giving in charity, let not your left hand perceive what your right hand is doing, 4 that your charities may be in secret; and then your Father--He who sees in secret--will recompense you. 5 "And when praying, you must not be like the hypocrites. They are fond of standing and praying in the synagogues or at the corners of the wider streets, in order that men may see them. I solemnly tell you that they already have their reward. 6 But you, whenever you pray, go into your own room and shut the door: then pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father--He who sees in secret--will recompense you. 7 "And when praying, do not use needless repetitions as the Gentiles do, for they expect to be listened to because of their multitude of words. 8 Do not, however, imitate them; for your Father knows what things you need before ever you ask Him. 9 "In this manner therefore pray: `Our Father who art in Heaven, may Thy name be kept holy; 10 let Thy kingdom come; let Thy will be done, as in Heaven so on earth; 11 give us to-day our bread for the day; 12 and forgive us our shortcomings, as we also have forgiven those who have failed in their duty towards us; 13 and bring us not into temptation, but rescue us from the Evil one.' 14 "For if you forgive others their offences, your Heavenly Father will forgive you also; 15 but if you do not forgive others their offences, neither will your Father forgive yours. 16 "When any of you fast, never assume gloomy looks as the hypocrites do; for they disfigure their faces in order that it may be evident to men that they are fasting. I solemnly tell you that they already have their reward. 17 But, whenever you fast, pour perfume on your hair and wash your face, 18 that it may not be apparent to men that you are fasting, but to your Father who is in secret; and your Father--He who sees in secret--will recompense you. 19 "Do not lay up stores of wealth for yourselves on earth, where the moth and wear-and-tear destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. 20 But amass wealth for yourselves in Heaven, where neither the moth nor wear-and-tear destroys, and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21 For where your wealth is, there also will your heart be. 22 "The eye is the lamp of the body. If then your eyesight is good, your whole body will be well lighted; 23 but if your eyesight is bad, your whole body will be dark. If however the very light within you is darkness, how dense must the darkness be! 24 "No man can be the bondservant of two masters; for either he will dislike one and like the other, or he will attach himself to one and think slightingly of the other. You cannot be the bondservants both of God and of gold. 25 For this reason I charge you not to be over-anxious about your lives, inquiring what you are to eat or what you are to drink, nor yet about your bodies, inquiring what clothes you are to put on. Is not the life more precious than its food, and the body than its clothing? 26 Look at the birds which fly in the air: they do not sow or reap or store up in barns, but your Heavenly Father feeds them: are not you of much greater value than they? 27 Which of you by being over-anxious can add a single foot to his height? 28 And why be anxious about clothing? Learn a lesson from the wild lilies. Watch their growth. They neither toil nor spin, 29 and yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his magnificence could array himself like one of these. 30 And if God so clothes the wild herbage which to-day flourishes and to-morrow is thrown into the oven, is it not much more certain that He will clothe you, you men of little faith? 31 Do not be over-anxious, therefore, asking `What shall we eat?' or `What shall we drink?' or `What shall we wear?' 32 For all these are questions that Gentiles are always asking; but your Heavenly Father knows that you need these things--all of them. 33 But make His Kingdom and righteousness your chief aim, and then these things shall all be given you in addition. 34 Do not be over-anxious, therefore, about to-morrow, for to-morrow will bring its own cares. Enough for each day are its own troubles.

Chapter 7

1 "Judge not, that you may not be judged; 2 for your own judgement will be dealt--and your own measure meted--to yourselves. 3 And why do you look at the splinter in your brother's eye, and not notice the beam which is in your own eye? 4 Or how say to your brother, `Allow me to take the splinter out of your eye,' while the beam is in your own eye? 5 Hypocrite, first take the beam out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly how to remove the splinter from your brother's eye. 6 "Give not that which is holy to the dogs, nor throw your pearls to the swine; otherwise they will trample them under their feet and then turn and attack you. 7 "Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened to you. 8 For it is always he who asks that receives, he who seeks that finds, and he who knocks that has the door opened to him. 9 What man is there among you, who if his son shall ask him for bread will offer him a stone? 10 Or if the son shall ask him for a fish will offer him a snake? 11 If you then, imperfect as you are, know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in Heaven give good things to those who ask Him! 12 Everything, therefore, be it what it may, that you would have men do to you, do you also the same to them; for in this the Law and the Prophets are summed up. 13 "Enter by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad the road which leads to ruin, and many there are who enter by it; 14 because narrow is the gate and contracted the road which leads to Life, and few are those who find it. 15 "Beware of the false teachers--men who come to you in sheep's fleeces, but beneath that disguise they are ravenous wolves. 16 By their fruits you will easily recognize them. Are grapes gathered from thorns or figs from brambles? 17 Just so every good tree produces good fruit, but a poisonous tree produces bad fruit. 18 A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor a poisonous tree good fruit. 19 Every tree which does not yield good fruit is cut down and thrown aside for burning. 20 So by their fruits at any rate, you will easily recognize them. 21 "Not every one who says to me, `Master, Master,' will enter the Kingdom of the Heavens, but only those who are obedient to my Father who is in Heaven. 22 Many will say to me on that day, "`Master, Master, have we not prophesied in Thy name, and in Thy name expelled demons, and in Thy name performed many mighty works?' 23 "And then I will tell them plainly, "`I never knew you: begone from me, you doers of wickedness.' 24 "Every one who hears these my teachings and acts upon them will be found to resemble a wise man who builds his house upon rock; 25 and the heavy rain falls, the swollen torrents come, and the winds blow and beat against the house; yet it does not fall, for its foundation is on rock. 26 And every one who hears these my teachings and does not act upon them will be found to resemble a fool who builds his house upon sand. 27 The heavy rain descends, the swollen torrents come, and the winds blow and burst upon the house, and it falls; and disastrous is the fall." 28 When Jesus had concluded this discourse, the crowds were filled with amazement at His teaching, 29 for He had been teaching them as one who had authority, and not as their Scribes taught.

Chapter 8

1 Upon descending from the hill country He was followed by immense crowds. 2 And a leper came to Him, and throwing himself at His feet, said, "Sir, if only you are willing you are able to cleanse me." 3 So Jesus put out His hand and touched him, and said, "I am willing: be cleansed." Instantly he was cleansed from his leprosy; 4 and Jesus said to him, "Be careful to tell no one, but go and show yourself to the priest, and offer the gift which Moses appointed as evidence for them." 5 After His entry into Capernaum a Captain came to Him, and entreated Him. 6 "Sir," he said, "my servant at home is lying ill with paralysis, and is suffering great pain." 7 "I will come and cure him," said Jesus. 8 "Sir," replied the Captain, "I am not a fit person to receive you under my roof: merely say the word, and my servant will be cured. 9 For I myself am also under authority, and have soldiers under me. To one I say `Go,' and he goes, to another `Come,' and he comes, and to my slave `Do this or that,' and he does it." 10 Jesus listened to this reply, and was astonished, and said to the people following Him, "I solemnly tell you that in no Israelite have I found faith as great as this. 11 And I tell you that many will come from the east and from the west and will recline at table with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the Kingdom of the Heavens, 12 while the natural heirs of the Kingdom will be driven out into the darkness outside: there will be the weeping aloud and the gnashing of teeth." 13 And Jesus said to the Captain, "Go, and just as you have believed, so be it for you." And the servant recovered precisely at that time. 14 After this Jesus went to the house of Peter, whose mother-in-law he found ill in bed with fever. 15 He touched her hand and the fever left her: and then she rose and waited upon Him. 16 In the evening many demoniacs were brought to Him, and with a word He expelled the demons; and He cured all the sick, 17 in order that this prediction of the Prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, "He took on Him our weaknesses, and bore the burden of our diseases." 18 Seeing great crowds about Him Jesus had given directions to cross to the other side of the Lake, 19 when a Scribe came and said to Him, "Teacher, I will follow you wherever you go." 20 "Foxes have holes," replied Jesus, "and birds have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head." 21 Another of the disciples said to Him, "Sir, allow me first to go and bury my father." 22 "Follow me," said Jesus, "and leave the dead to bury their own dead." 23 Then He went on board a fishing-boat, and His disciples followed Him. 24 But suddenly there arose a great storm on the Lake, so that the waves threatened to engulf the boat; but He was asleep. 25 So they came and woke Him, crying, "Master, save us, we are drowning!" 26 "Why are you so easily frightened," He replied, "you men of little faith?" Then He rose and reproved the winds and the waves, and there was a perfect calm; 27 and the men, filled with amazement, exclaimed, "What kind of man is this? for the very winds and waves obey him!" 28 On His arrival at the other side, in the country of the Gadarenes, there met Him two men possessed by demons, coming from among the tombs: they were so dangerously fierce that no one was able to pass that way. 29 They cried aloud, "What hast Thou to do with us, Thou Son of God? Hast Thou come here to torment us before the time?" 30 Now at some distance from them a vast herd of swine were feeding. 31 So the demons entreated Him. "If Thou drivest us out," they said, "send us into the herd of swine." 32 "Go," He replied. Then they came out from the men and went into the swine, whereupon the entire herd instantly rushed down the cliff into the Lake and perished in the water. 33 The swineherds fled, and went and told the whole story in the town, including what had happened to the demoniacs. 34 So at once the whole population came out to meet Jesus; and when they saw Him, they besought Him to leave their country.

Chapter 9

1 Accordingly He went on board, and crossing over came to His own town. 2 Here they brought to Him a paralytic lying on a bed. Seeing their faith Jesus said to the paralytic, "Take courage, my child; your sins are pardoned." 3 "Such language is impious," said some of the Scribes among themselves. 4 Knowing their thoughts Jesus said, "Why are you cherishing evil thoughts in your hearts? 5 Why, which is easier? --to say, `Your sins are pardoned,' or to say `Rise up and walk'? 6 But, to prove to you that the Son of Man has authority on earth to pardon sins" --He then says to the paralytic, "Rise, and take up your bed and go home." 7 And he got up, and went off home. 8 And the crowds were awe-struck when they saw it, and ascribed the glory to God who had entrusted such power to a man. 9 Passing on thence Jesus saw a man called Matthew sitting at the Toll Office, and said to him, "Follow me." And he arose, and followed Him. 10 And while He was reclining at table, a large number of tax-gathers and notorious sinners were of the party with Jesus and His disciples. 11 The Pharisees noticed this, and they inquired of His disciples, "Why does your Teacher eat with the tax-gatherers and notorious sinners?" 12 He heard the question and replied, "It is not men in good health who require a doctor, but the sick. 13 But go and learn what this means, `It is mercy that I desire, not sacrifice'; for I did not come to appeal to the righteous, but to sinners." 14 At that time John's disciples came and asked Jesus, "Why do we and the Pharisees fast, but your disciples do not?" 15 "Can the bridegroom's party mourn," He replied, "as long as the bridegroom is with them? But other days will come (when the Bridegroom has been taken from them) and then they will fast. 16 No one ever mends an old cloak with a patch of newly woven cloth. Otherwise, the patch put on would tear away some of the old, and a worse hole would be made. 17 Nor do people pour new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise, the skins would split, the wine would escape, and the skins be destroyed. But they put new wine into fresh skins, and both are saved." 18 While He was thus speaking, a Ruler came up and profoundly bowing said, "My daughter is just dead; but come and put your hand upon her and she will return to life." 19 And Jesus rose and followed him, as did also His disciples. 20 But a woman who for twelve years had been afflicted with haemorrhage came behind Him and touched the tassel of His cloak; 21 for she said to herself, "If I but touch His cloak, I shall be cured." 22 And Jesus turned and saw her, and said, "Take courage, daughter; your faith has cured you." And the woman was restored to health from that moment. 23 Entering the Ruler's house, Jesus saw the flute-players and the crowd loudly wailing, 24 and He said, "Go out of the room; the little girl is not dead, but asleep." And they laughed at Him. 25 When however the place was cleared of the crowd, Jesus went in, and on His taking the little girl by the hand, she rose up. 26 And the report of this spread throughout all that district. 27 As Jesus passed on, two blind men followed Him, shouting and saying, "Pity us, Son of David." 28 And when He had gone indoors, they came to Him. "Do you believe that I can do this?" He asked them. "Yes, Sir," they replied. 29 So He touched their eyes and said, "According to your faith let it be to you." 30 Then their eyes were opened. And assuming a stern tone Jesus said to them, "Be careful to let no one know." 31 But they went out and published His fame in all that district. 32 And as they were leaving His presence a dumb demoniac was brought to Him. 33 When the demon was expelled, the dumb man could speak. And the crowds exclaimed in astonishment, "Never was such a thing seen in Israel." 34 But the Pharisees maintained, "It is by the power of the Prince of the demons that he drives out the demons." 35 And Jesus continued His circuits through all the towns and the villages, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the Good News of the Kingdom, and curing every kind of disease and infirmity. 36 And when He saw the crowds He was touched with pity for them, because they were distressed and were fainting on the ground like sheep which have no shepherd. 37 Then He said to His disciples, "The harvest is abundant, but the reapers are few; 38 therefore entreat the Owner of the Harvest to send out reapers into His fields."

Chapter 10

1 Then He called to Him His twelve disciples and gave them authority over foul spirits, to drive them out; and to cure every kind of disease and infirmity. 2 Now the names of the twelve Apostles were these: first, Simon called Peter, and his brother Andrew; James the son of Zabdi, and his brother John; 3 Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas and Matthew the tax-gatherer, James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus; 4 Simon the Cananaean, and Judas the Iscariot, who also betrayed Him. 5 These twelve Jesus sent on a mission, after giving them their instructions: "Go not," He said, "among the Gentiles, and enter no Samaritan town; 6 but, instead of that, go to the lost sheep of Israel's race. 7 And as you go, preach and say, `The Kingdom of the Heavens is close at hand.' 8 Cure the sick, raise the dead to life, cleanse lepers, drive out demons: you have received without payment, give without payment. 9 "Provide no gold, nor even silver nor copper to carry in your pockets; 10 no bag for your journey, nor change of linen, nor shoes, nor stick; for the labourer deserves his food. 11 "Whatever town or village you enter, inquire for some good man; and make his house your home till you leave the place. 12 When you enter the house, salute it; 13 and if the house deserves it, the peace you invoke shall come upon it. If not, your peace shall return to you. 14 And whoever refuses to receive you or even to listen to your Message, as you leave that house or town, shake off the very dust from your feet. 15 I solemnly tell you that it will be more endurable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah on the day of Judgement than for that town. 16 "Remember it is I who am sending you out, as sheep into the midst of wolves; prove yourselves as sagacious as serpents, and as innocent as doves. 17 But beware of men; for they will deliver you up to appear before Sanhedrins, and will flog you in their synagogues; 18 and you will even be put on trial before governors and kings for my sake, to bear witness to them and to the Gentiles. 19 But when they have delivered you up, have no anxiety as to how you shall speak or what you shall say; for at that very time it shall be given you what to say; 20 for it is not you who will speak: it will be the Spirit of your Father speaking through you. 21 Brother will betray brother to death, and father, child; and children will rise against their own parents and will put them to death. 22 And you will be objects of universal hatred because you are called by my name; but he who holds out to the End--he will be saved. 23 Whenever they persecute you in one town, escape to the next; for I solemnly tell you that you will not have gone the round of all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes. 24 "The learner is never superior to his teacher, and the servant is never superior to his master. 25 Enough for the learner to be on a level with his teacher, and for the servant to be on a level with his master. If they have called the master of the house Baal-zebul, how much more will they slander his servants? 26 Fear them not, however; there is nothing veiled which will not be uncovered, nor secret which will not become known. 27 What I tell you in the dark, speak in the light; and what is whispered into your ear, proclaim upon the roofs of the houses. 28 "And do not fear those who kill the body, but cannot kill the soul; but rather fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. 29 Do not two sparrows sell for a halfpenny? Yet not one of them will fall to the ground without your Father's leave. 30 But as for you, the very hairs on your heads are all numbered. 31 Away then with fear; you are more precious than a multitude of sparrows. 32 "Every man who acknowledges me before men I also will acknowledge before my Father who is in Heaven. 33 But whoever disowns me before men I also will disown before my Father who is in Heaven. 34 "Do not suppose that I came to bring peace to the earth: I did not come to bring peace but a sword. 35 For I came to set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law; 36 and a man's own family will be his foes. 37 Any one who loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me, and any one who loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me; 38 and any one who does not take up his cross and follow where I lead is not worthy of me. 39 To save your life is to lose it, and to lose your life for my sake is to save it. 40 "Whoever receives you receives me, and whoever receives me receives Him who sent me. 41 Every one who receives a prophet, because he is a prophet, will receive a prophet's reward, and every one who receives a righteous man, because he is a righteous man, will receive a righteous man's reward. 42 And whoever gives one of these little ones even a cup of cold water to drink because he is a disciple, I solemnly tell you that he will not lose his reward."

Chapter 11

1 When Jesus had concluded His instructions to His twelve disciples, He left in order to teach and to proclaim His Message in the neighbouring towns. 2 Now John had heard in prison about the Christ's doings, and he sent some of his disciples to inquire: 3 "Are you the Coming One, or is it a different person that we are to expect?" 4 "Go and report to John what you see and hear," replied Jesus; 5 "blind eyes receive sight, and cripples walk; lepers are cleansed, and deaf ears hear; the dead are raised to life, and the poor have the Good News proclaimed to them; 6 and blessed is every one who does not stumble and fall because of my claims." 7 When the messengers had taken their leave, Jesus proceeded to say to the multitude concerning John, "What did you go out into the Desert to gaze at? A reed waving in the wind? 8 But what did you go out to see? A man luxuriously dressed? Those who wear luxurious clothes are to be found in kings' palaces. 9 But why did you go out? To see a prophet? Yes, I tell you, and far more than a prophet. 10 This is he of whom it is written, "`See I am sending My messenger before Thy face, and he will make Thy road ready before Thee.' 11 "I solemnly tell you that among all of woman born no greater has ever been raised up than John the Baptist; yet one who is of lower rank in the Kingdom of the Heavens is greater than he. 12 But from the time of John the Baptist till now, the Kingdom of the Heavens has been suffering violent assault, and the violent have been seizing it by force. 13 For all the Prophets and the Law taught until John. 14 And (if you are willing to receive it) he is the Elijah who was to come. 15 Listen, every one who has ears! 16 "But to what shall I compare the present generation? It is like children sitting in the open places, who call to their playmates. 17 "`We have played the flute to you,' they say, `and you have not danced: we have sung dirges, and you have not beaten your breasts.' 18 "For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, `He has a demon.' 19 The Son of Man came eating and drinking, and they exclaim, `See this man! --given to gluttony and tippling, and a friend of tax-gatherers and notorious sinners!' And yet Wisdom is vindicated by her actions." 20 Then began He to upbraid the towns where most of His mighty works had been done--because they had not repented. 21 "Alas for thee, Chorazin!" He cried. "Alas for thee, Bethsaida! For had the mighty works been done in Tyre and Sidon which have been done in both of you, they would long ere now have repented, covered with sackcloth and ashes. 22 Only I tell you that it will be more endurable for Tyre and Sidon on the day of Judgement than for you. 23 And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be exalted even to Heaven? Even to Hades shalt thou descend. For had the mighty works been done in Sodom which have been done in thee, it would have remained until now. 24 Only I tell you all, that it will be more endurable for the land of Sodom on the day of Judgement than for thee." 25 About that time Jesus exclaimed, "I heartily praise Thee, Father, Lord of Heaven and of earth, that Thou hast hidden these things from sages and men of discernment, and hast unveiled them to babes. 26 Yes, Father, for such has been Thy gracious will. 27 "All things have been handed over to me by my Father, and no one fully knows the Son except the Father, nor does any one fully know the Father except the Son and all to whom the Son chooses to reveal Him. 28 "Come to me, all you toiling and burdened ones, and I will give you rest. 29 Take my yoke upon you and learn from me; for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30 For it is good to bear my yoke, and my burden is light."

Chapter 12

1 About that time Jesus passed on the Sabbath through the wheatfields; and His disciples became hungry, and began to gather ears of wheat and eat them. 2 But the Pharisees saw it and said to Him, "Look! your disciples are doing what the Law forbids them to do on the Sabbath." 3 "Have you never read," He replied, "what David did when he and his men were hungry? 4 how he entered the House of God and ate the Presented Loaves, which it was not lawful for him or his men to eat, nor for any except the priests? 5 And have you not read in the Law how on the Sabbath the priests in the Temple break the Sabbath without incurring guilt? 6 But I tell you that there is here that which is greater than the Temple. 7 And if you knew what this means, `It is mercy I desire, not sacrifice', you would not have condemned those who are without guilt. 8 For the Son of Man is the Lord of the Sabbath." 9 Departing thence He went to their synagogue, 10 where there was a man with a shrivelled arm. And they questioned Him, "Is it right to cure people on the Sabbath?" Their intention was to bring a charge against Him. 11 "Which of you is there," He replied, "who, if he has but a single sheep and it falls into a hole on the Sabbath, will not lay hold of it and lift it out? 12 Is not a man, however, far superior to a sheep? Therefore it is right to do good on the Sabbath." 13 Then He said to the man, "Stretch out your arm." And he stretched it out, and it was restored quite sound like the other. 14 But the Pharisees after leaving the synagogue consulted together against Him, how they might destroy Him. 15 Aware of this, Jesus departed elsewhere; and a great number of people followed Him, all of whom He cured. 16 But He gave them strict injunctions not to blaze abroad His doings, 17 that those words of the Prophet Isaiah might be fulfilled, 18 "This is My servant whom I have chosen, My dearly loved One in whom My soul takes pleasure. I will put My spirit upon Him, and He will announce justice to the nations. 19 He will not wrangle or raise His voice, nor will His voice be heard in the broadways. 20 A crushed reed He will not utterly break, nor will He quench the still smouldering wick, until He has led on Justice to victory. 21 And on His name shall the nations rest their hopes." 22 At that time a demoniac was brought to Him, blind and dumb; and He cured him, so that the dumb man could speak and see. 23 And the crowds of people were all filled with amazement and said, "Can this be the Son of David?" 24 The Pharisees heard it and said, "This man only expels demons by the power of Baal-zebul, the Prince of demons." 25 Knowing their thoughts He said to them, "Every kingdom in which civil war has raged suffers desolation; and every city or house in which there is internal strife will be brought low. 26 And if Satan is expelling Satan, he has begun to make war on himself: how therefore shall his kingdom last? 27 And if it is by Baal-zebul's power that I expel the demons, by whose power do your disciples expel them? They therefore shall be your judges. 28 But if it is by the power of the Spirit of God that I expel the demons, it is evident that the Kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 Again, how can any one enter the house of a strong man and carry off his goods, unless first of all he masters and secures the strong man: then he will ransack his house. 30 "The man who is not with me is against me, and he who is not gathering with me is scattering abroad. 31 This is why I tell you that men may find forgiveness for every other sin and impious word, but that for impious speaking against the Holy Spirit they shall find no forgiveness. 32 And whoever shall speak against the Son of Man may obtain forgiveness; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, neither in this nor in the coming age shall he obtain forgiveness." 33 "Either grant the tree to be wholesome and its fruit wholesome, or the tree poisonous and its fruit poisonous; for the tree is known by its fruit. 34 O vipers' brood, how can you speak what is good when you are evil? For it is from the overflow of the heart that the mouth speaks. 35 A good man from his good store produces good things, and a bad man from his bad store produces bad things. 36 But I tell you that for every careless word that men shall speak they will be held accountable on the day of Judgement. 37 For each of you by his words shall be justified, or by his words shall be condemned." 38 Then He was accosted by some of the Scribes and of the Pharisees who said, "Teacher, we wish to see a sign given by you." 39 "Wicked and faithless generation!" He replied, "they clamour for a sign, but none shall be given to them except the sign of the Prophet Jonah. 40 For just as Jonah was three days in the sea-monster's belly, so will the Son of Man be three days in the heart of the earth. 41 There will stand up men of Nineveh at the Judgement together with the present generation, and will condemn it; because they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and mark! there is One greater than Jonah here. 42 The Queen of the south will awake at the Judgement together with the present generation, and will condemn it; because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and mark! there is One greater than Solomon here. 43 "No sooner however has the foul spirit gone out of the man, then he roams about in places where there is no water, seeking rest but finding none. 44 Then he says, `I will return to my house that I left;' and he comes and finds it unoccupied, swept clean, and in good order. 45 Then he goes and brings back with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they come in and dwell there; and in the end that man's condition becomes worse than it was at first. So will it be also with the present wicked generation." 46 While He was still addressing the people His mother and His brothers were standing on the edge of the crowd desiring to speak to Him. 47 So some one told Him, "Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, and desire to speak to you." 48 "Who is my mother?" He said to the man; "and who are my brothers?" 49 And pointing to His disciples He added, "See here are my mother and my brothers. 50 To obey my Father who is in Heaven--that is to be my brother and my sister and my mother."

Chapter 13

1 That same day Jesus had left the house and was sitting on the shore of the Lake, 2 when a vast multitude of people crowded round Him. He therefore went on board a boat and sat there, while all the people stood on the shore. 3 He then spoke many things to them in figurative language. "The sower goes out," He said, "to sow. 4 As he sows, some of the seed falls by the way-side, and the birds come and peck it up. 5 Some falls on rocky ground, where it has but scanty soil. It quickly shows itself above ground, because it has no depth of earth; 6 but when the sun is risen, it is scorched by the heat, and through having no root it withers up. 7 Some falls among the thorns; but the thorns spring up and stifle it. 8 But a portion falls upon good ground, and gives a return, some a hundred for one, some sixty, some thirty. 9 Listen, every one who has ears!" 10 (And His disciples came and asked Him, "Why do you speak to them in figurative language?" 11 "Because," He replied, "while to you it is granted to know the secrets of the Kingdom of the Heavens, to them it is not. 12 For whoever has, to him more shall be given, and he shall have abundance; but whoever has not, from him even what he has shall be taken away. 13 I speak to them in figurative language for this reason, that while looking they do not see, and while hearing they neither hear nor understand. 14 And in regard to them the prophecy of Isaiah is receiving signal fulfilment: "`You will hear and hear and by no means understand, and you will look and look and by no means see. 15 For this people's mind is stupefied, their hearing has become dull, and their eyes they have closed; to prevent their ever seeing with their eyes, or hearing with their ears, or understanding with their minds, and turning back, so that I might heal them.' 16 "But as for you, blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. 17 For I solemnly tell you that many Prophets and holy men have longed to see the sights you see, and have not seen them, and to hear the words you hear, and have not heard them. 18 "To you then I will explain the parable of the Sower. 19 When a man hears the Message concerning the Kingdom and does not understand it, the Evil one comes and catches away what has been sown in his heart. This is he who has received the seed by the road-side. 20 He who has received the seed on the rocky ground is the man who hears the Message and immediately receives it with joy. 21 It has struck no root, however, within him. He continues for a time, but when suffering comes, or persecution, because of the Message, he at once stumbles and falls. 22 He who has received the seed among the thorns is the man who hears the Message, but the cares of the present age and the delusions of riches quite stifle the Message, and it becomes unfruitful. 23 But he who has received the seed on good ground is he who hears and understands. Such hearers give a return, and yield one a hundred for one, another sixty, another thirty.") 24 Another parable He put before them. "The Kingdom of the Heavens," He said, "may be compared to a man who has sown good seed in his field, 25 but during the night his enemy comes, and over the first seed he sows darnel among the wheat, and goes away. 26 But when the blade shoots up and the grain is formed, then appears the darnel also. 27 "So the farmer's men come and ask him, "`Sir, was it not good seed that you sowed on your land? Where then does the darnel come from?' 28 "`Some enemy has done this,' he said. "`Shall we go, and collect it?' the men inquire. 29 "`No,' he replied, `for fear that while collecting the darnel you should at the same time root up the wheat with it. 30 Leave both to grow together until the harvest, and at harvest-time I will direct the reapers, Collect the darnel first, and make it up into bundles to burn it, but bring all the wheat into my barn.'" 31 Another parable He put before them. "The Kingdom of the Heavens," He said, "is like a mustard-seed, which a man takes and sows in his ground. 32 It is the smallest of all seeds, and yet when full-grown it is larger than any herb and forms a tree, so that the birds come and build in its branches." 33 Another parable He spoke to them. "The Kingdom of the Heavens," He said, "is like yeast which a woman takes and buries in a bushel of flour, for it to work there till the whole mass has risen." 34 All this Jesus spoke to the people in figurative language, and except in figurative language He spoke nothing to them, 35 in fulfilment of the saying of the Prophet, "I will open my mouth in figurative language, I will utter things kept hidden since the creation of all things." 36 When He had dismissed the people and had returned to the house, His disciples came to Him with the request, "Explain to us the parable of the darnel sown in the field." 37 "The sower of the good seed," He replied, "is the Son of Man; 38 the field is the world; the good seed--these are the sons of the Kingdom; the darnel, the sons of the Evil one. 39 The enemy who sows the darnel is *the Devil*; the harvest is the Close of the Age; the reapers are the angels. 40 As then the darnel is collected together and burnt up with fire, so will it be at the Close of the Age. 41 The Son of Man will commission His angels, and they will gather out of His Kingdom all causes of sin and all who violate His laws; 42 and these they will throw into the fiery furnace. There will be the weeping aloud and the gnashing of teeth. 43 Then will the righteous shine out like the sun in their Father's Kingdom. Listen, every one who has ears! 44 "The Kingdom of the Heavens is like treasure buried in the open country, which a man finds, but buries again, and, in his joy about it, goes and sells all he has and buys that piece of ground. 45 "Again the Kingdom of the Heavens is like a jewel merchant who is in quest of choice pearls. 46 He finds one most costly pearl; he goes away; and though it costs all he has, he buys it. 47 "Again the Kingdom of the Heavens is like a draw-net let down into the sea, which encloses fish of all sorts. 48 When full, they haul it up on the beach, and sit down and collect the good fish in baskets, while the worthless they throw away. 49 So will it be at the Close of the Age. The angels will go forth and separate the wicked from among the righteous, 50 and will throw them into the fiery furnace. There will be the weeping aloud and the gnashing of teeth." 51 "Have you understood all this?" He asked. "Yes," they said. 52 "Therefore," He said, "remember that every Scribe well trained for the Kingdom of the Heavens is like a householder who brings out of his storehouse new things and old." 53 Jesus concluded this series of parables and then departed. 54 And He came into His own country and proceeded to teach in their synagogue, so that they were filled with astonishment and exclaimed, "Where did he obtain such wisdom, and these wondrous powers? 55 Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers, James, Joseph, Simon and Judah? 56 And his sisters--are they not all living here among us? Where then did he get all this?" 57 So they turned angrily away from Him. But Jesus said to them, "There is no prophet left without honour except in his own country and among his own family." 58 And He performed but few mighty deeds there because of their want of faith.

Chapter 14

1 About that time Herod the Tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus, 2 and he said to his courtiers, "This is John the Baptist: he has come back to life--and that is why these miraculous Powers are working in him." 3 For Herod had arrested John, and had put him in chains, and imprisoned him, for the sake of Herodias his brother Philip's wife, 4 because John had persistently said to him, "It is not lawful for you to have her." 5 And he would have liked to put him to death, but was afraid of the people, because they regarded John as a Prophet. 6 But when Herod's birthday came, the daughter of Herodias danced before all the company, and so pleased Herod 7 that with an oath he promised to give her whatever she asked. 8 So she, instigated by her mother, said, "Give me here on a dish the head of John the Baptist." 9 The king was deeply vexed, yet because of his repeated oath and of the guests at his table he ordered it to be given her, 10 and he sent and beheaded John in the prison. 11 The head was brought on a dish and given to the young girl, and she took it to her mother. 12 Then John's disciples went and removed the body and buried it, and came and informed Jesus. 13 Upon receiving these tidings, Jesus went away by boat to an uninhabited and secluded district; but the people heard of it and followed Him in crowds from the towns by land. 14 So Jesus went out and saw an immense multitude, and felt compassion for them, and cured those of them who were out of health. 15 But when evening was come, the disciples came to Him and said, "This is an uninhabited place, and the best of the day is now gone; send the people away to go into the villages and buy something to eat." 16 "They need not go away," replied Jesus; "you yourselves must give them something to eat." 17 "We have nothing here," they said, "but five loaves and a couple of fish." 18 "Bring them here to me," He said, 19 and He told all the people to sit down on the grass. Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, and after looking up to heaven and blessing them, He broke up the loaves and gave them to the disciples, and the disciples distributed them to the people. 20 So all ate, and were fully satisfied. The broken portions that remained over they gathered up, filling twelve baskets. 21 Those who had eaten were about 5,000 adult men, without reckoning women and children. 22 Immediately afterwards He made the disciples go on board the boat and cross to the opposite shore, leaving Him to dismiss the people. 23 When He had done this, He climbed the hill to pray in solitude. Night came on, and he was there alone. 24 Meanwhile the boat was far out on the Lake, buffeted and tossed by the waves, the wind being adverse. 25 But towards daybreak He went to them, walking over the waves. 26 When the disciples saw Him walking on the waves, they were greatly alarmed. "It is a spirit," they exclaimed, and they cried out with terror. 27 But instantly Jesus spoke to them, and said, "There is no danger; it is I; do not be afraid." 28 "Master," answered Peter, "if it is you, bid me come to you upon the water." 29 "Come," said Jesus. Then Peter climbed down from the boat and walked upon the water to go to Him. 30 But when he felt the wind he grew frightened, and beginning to sink he cried out, "Master, save me." 31 Instantly Jesus stretched out His hand and caught hold of him, saying to him, "O little faith, why did you doubt?" 32 So they climbed into the boat, and the wind lulled; 33 and the men on board fell down before him and said, "You are indeed God's Son." 34 When they had quite crossed over, they put ashore at Gennesaret; 35 and the men of the place, recognizing Him, sent word into all the country round. So they brought all the sick to Him, 36 and they entreated Him that they might but touch the tassel of His outer garment; and all who did so were restored to perfect health.

Chapter 15

1 Then there came to Jesus a party of Pharisees and Scribes from Jerusalem, who inquired, 2 "Why do your disciples transgress the tradition of the Elders by not washing their hands before meals?" 3 "Why do you, too," He retorted, "transgress God's commands for the sake of your tradition? 4 For God said, `Honour thy father and thy mother'; and `Let him who reviles father or mother be certainly put to death'; 5 but you--this is what you say: `If a man says to his father or mother, That is consecrated, whatever it is, which otherwise you should have received from me-- 6 he shall be absolved from honouring his father'; and so you have abrogated God's Word for the sake of your tradition. 7 Hypocrites! well did Isaiah prophesy of you, 8 "`This is a People who honour Me with their lips, while their heart is far away from Me; 9 but it is in vain they worship Me, while they lay down precepts which are mere human rules.'" 10 Then, when He had called the people to Him, Jesus said, "Hear and understand. 11 It is not what goes into a man's mouth that defiles him; but it is what comes out of his mouth--that defiles a man." 12 Then His disciples came and said to Him, "Do you know that the Pharisees were greatly shocked when they heard those words?" 13 "Every plant," He replied, "which my Heavenly Father has not planted will be rooted up. 14 Leave them alone. They are blind guides of the blind; and if a blind man leads a blind man, both will fall into some pit." 15 "Explain to us this figurative language," said Peter. 16 "Are even you," He answered, "still without intellingence? 17 Do you not understand that whatever enters the mouth passes into the stomach and is afterwards ejected from the body? 18 But the things that come out of the mouth proceed from the heart, and it is these that defile the man. 19 For out of the heart proceed wicked thoughts, murder, adultery, fornication, theft, perjury, impiety of speech. 20 These are the things which defile the man; but eating with unwashed hands does not defile." 21 Leaving that place, Jesus withdrew into the vicinity of Tyre and Sidon. 22 Here a Canaanitish woman of the district came out and persistently cried out, "Sir, Son of David, pity me; my daughter is cruelly harassed by a demon." 23 But He answered her not a word. Then the disciples interposed, and begged Him, saying, "Send her away because she keeps crying behind us." 24 "I have only been sent to the lost sheep of the house of Israel," He replied. 25 Then she came and threw herself at His feet and entreated Him. "O Sir, help me," she said. 26 "It is not right," He said, "to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs." 27 "Be it so, Sir," she said, "for even the dogs eat the scraps which fall from their masters' tables." 28 "O woman," replied Jesus, "great is your faith: be it done to you as you desire." And from that moment her daughter was restored to health. 29 Again, moving thence, Jesus went along by the Lake of Galilee; and ascending the hill, He sat down there. 30 Soon great crowds came to Him, bringing with them those who were crippled in feet or hands, blind or dumb, and many besides, and they hastened to lay them at His feet. And He cured them, 31 so that the people were amazed to see the dumb speaking, the maimed with their hands perfect, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they gave the glory to the God of Israel. 32 But Jesus called His disciples to Him and said, "My heart yearns over this mass of people, for it is now the third day that they have been with me and they have nothing to eat. I am unwilling to send them away hungry, lest they should faint on the road." 33 "Where can we," asked the disciples, "get bread enough in this remote place to satisfy so vast a multitude?" 34 "How many loaves have you?" Jesus asked. "Seven," they said, "and a few small fish." 35 So He bade all the people sit down on the ground, 36 and He took the seven loaves and the fish, and after giving thanks He broke them up and then distributed them to the disciples, and they to the people. 37 And they all ate and were satisfied. The broken portions that remained over they took up--seven full hampers. 38 Those who ate were 4,000 adult men, without reckoning women and children. 39 He then dismissed the people, went on board the boat, and came into the district of Magadan.

Chapter 16

1 Here the Pharisees and Sadducees came to Him; and, to make trial of Him, they asked Him to show them a sign in the sky. 2 He replied, "In the evening you say, `It will be fine weather, for the sky is red;' 3 and in the morning, `It will be rough weather to-day, for the sky is red and murky.' You learn how to distinguish the aspect of the heavens, but the signs of the times you cannot. 4 A wicked and faithless generation are eager for a sign; but none shall be given to them except the sign of Jonah." and He left them and went away. 5 When the disciples arrived at the other side of the Lake, they found that they had forgotten to bring any bread; 6 and when Jesus said to them, "See to it: beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees," 7 they reasoned among themselves, saying, "It is because we have not brought any bread." 8 Jesus perceived this and said, "Why are you reasoning among yourselves, you men of little faith, because you have no bread? 9 Do you not yet understand? nor even remember the 5,000 and the five loaves, and how many basketfuls you carried away, 10 nor the 4,000 and the seven loaves, and how many hampers you carried away? 11 How is it you do not understand that it was not about bread that I spoke to you? But beware of the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees." 12 Then they perceived that He had not warned them against bread-yeast, but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. 13 When He arrived in the neighbourhood of Caesarea Philippi, Jesus questioned His disciples. "Who do people say that the Son of Man is?" He asked. 14 "Some say John the Baptist," they replied; "others Elijah; others Jeremiah or one of the Prophets." 15 "But you, who do you say that I am?" He asked again. 16 "You," replied Simon Peter, "are the Christ, the Son of the ever-living God." 17 "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-jonah," said Jesus; "for mere human nature has not revealed this to you, but my Father in Heaven. 18 And I declare to you that you are Peter, and that upon this Rock I will build my Church, and the might of Hades shall not triumph over it. 19 I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of the Heavens; and whatever you bind on earth shall remain bound in Heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall remain loosed in Heaven." 20 Then He urged His disciples to tell no one that He was the Christ. 21 From this time Jesus began to explain to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer much cruelty from the Elders and the High Priests and the Scribes, and be put to death, and on the third day be raised to life again. 22 Then Peter took Him aside and began taking Him to task. "Master," he said, "God forbid; this will not be your lot." 23 But He turned and said to Peter, "Get behind me, Adversary; you are a hindrance to me, because your thoughts are not God's thoughts, but men's." 24 Then Jesus said to His disciples, "If any one desires to follow me, let him renounce self and take up his cross, and so be my follower. 25 For whoever desires to save his life shall lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake shall find it. 26 Why, what benefit will it be to a man if he gains the whole world but forfeits his life? Or what shall a man give to buy back his life? 27 For the Son of Man is soon to come in the glory of the Father with His angels, and then will He requite every man according to his actions. 28 I solemnly tell you that some of those who are standing here will certainly not taste death till they have seen the Son of Man coming in His Kingdom."

Chapter 17

1 Six day later, Jesus took with Him Peter and the brothers James and John, and brought them up a high mountain to a solitary place. 2 There in their presence His form underwent a change; His face shone like the sun, and His raiment became as white as the light. 3 And suddenly Moses and Elijah appeared to them conversing with Him. 4 Then Peter said to Jesus, "Master, we are thankful to you that we are here. If you approve, I will put up three tents here, one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." 5 He was still speaking when a luminous cloud spread over them; and a voice was heard from within the cloud, which said, "This is My Son dearly beloved, in whom is My delight. Listen to Him." 6 On hearing this voice, the disciples fell on their faces and were filled with terror. 7 But Jesus came and touched them, and said, "Rouse yourselves and have no fear." 8 So they looked up, and saw no one but Jesus. 9 As they were descending the mountain, Jesus laid a command upon them. "Tell no one," He said, "of the sight you have seen till the Son of Man has risen from among the dead." 10 "Why then," asked the disciples, "do the Scribes say that Elijah must first come?" 11 "Elijah was indeed to come," He replied, "and would reform everything. 12 But I tell you that he has already come, and they did not recognize him, but dealt with him as they chose. And before long the Son of Man will be treated by them in a similar way." 13 Then it dawned upon the disciples that it was John the Baptist about whom He had spoken to them. 14 When they had returned to the people, there came to Him a man who fell on his knees before Him and besought Him. 15 "Sir," he said, "have pity on my son, for he is an epileptic and is very ill. Often he falls into the fire and often into the water. 16 I have brought him to your disciples, and they have not been able to cure him." 17 "O unbelieving and perverse generation!" replied Jesus; "how long shall I be with you? how long shall I endure you? Bring him to me." 18 Then Jesus reprimanded the demon, and it came out and left him; and the boy was cured from that moment. 19 Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and asked Him, "Why could not we expel the demon?" 20 "Because your faith is so small," He replied; "for I solemnly declare to you that if you have faith like a mustard-seed, you shall say to this mountain, `Remove from this place to that,' and it will remove; and nothing shall be impossible to you. 21 But an evil spirit of this kind is only driven out by prayer and fasting." 22 As they were travelling about in Galilee, Jesus said to them, "The Son of Man is about to be betrayed into the hands of men; 23 they will put Him to death, but on the third day He will be raised to life again." And they were exceedingly distressed. 24 After their arrival at Capernaum the collectors of the half-shekel came and asked Peter, "Does not your Teacher pay the half-shekel?" 25 "Yes," he replied, and then went into the house. But before he spoke a word Jesus said, "What think you, Simon? From whom do this world's kings receive customs or capitation tax? from their own children, or from others?" 26 "From others," he replied. "Then the children go free," said Jesus. 27 "However, lest we cause them to sin, go and throw a hook into the Lake, and take the first fish that comes up. When you open its mouth, you will find a shekel in it: bring that coin and give it to them for yourself and me."

Chapter 18

1 Just then the disciples came to Jesus and asked, "Who ranks higher than others in the Kingdom of the Heavens?" 2 So He called a young child to Him, and, bidding him stand in the midst of them, 3 said, "In solemn truth I tell you that unless you turn and become like little children, you will in no case be admitted into the Kingdom of the Heavens. 4 Whoever therefore shall humble himself as this young child, he it is who is superior to others in the Kingdom of the Heavens. 5 And whoever for my sake receives one young child such as this, receives me. 6 But whoever shall occasion the fall of one of these little ones who believe in me, it would be better for him to have a millstone hung round his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. 7 "Alas for the world because of causes of falling! They cannot but come, but alas for each man through whom they come! 8 If your hand or your foot is causing you to fall into sin, cut it off and away with it. It is better for you to enter into Life crippled in hand or foot than to remain in possession of two sound hands or feet but be thrown into the fire of the Ages. 9 And if your eye is causing you to fall into sin, tear it out and away with it; it is better for you to enter into Life with only one eye, than to remain in possession of two eyes but be thrown into the Gehenna of fire. 10 "Beware of ever despising one of these little ones, for I tell you that in Heaven their angels have continual access to my Father who is in Heaven. 11 [] 12 What do you yourselves think? Suppose a man gets a hundred sheep and one of them strays away, will he not leave the ninety-nine on the hills and go and look for the one that is straying? 13 And if he succeeds in finding it, in solemn truth I tell you that he rejoices over it more than he does over the ninety-nine that have not gone astray. 14 Just so it is not the will of your Father in Heaven that one of these little ones should be lost. 15 "If your brother acts wrongly towards you, go and point out his fault to him when only you and he are there. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. 16 But if he will not listen to you, go again, and ask one or two to go with you, that every word spoken may be attested by two or three witnesses. 17 If he refuses to hear them, appeal to the Church; and if he refuses to hear even the Church, regard him just as you regard a Gentile or a tax-gatherer. 18 I solemnly tell you that whatever you as a Church bind on earth will in Heaven be held as bound, and whatever you loose on earth will in Heaven be held to be loosed. 19 I also solemnly tell you that if two of you here on earth agree together concerning anything whatever that they shall ask, the boon will come to them from my Father who is in Heaven. 20 For where there are two or three assembled in my name, there am I in the midst of them." 21 At this point Peter came to Him with the question, "Master, how often shall my brother act wrongly towards me and I forgive him? seven times?" 22 "I do not say seven times," answered Jesus, "but seventy times seven times. 23 "For this reason the Kingdom of the Heavens may be compared to a king who determined to have a settlement of accounts with his servants. 24 But as soon as he began the settlement, one was brought before him who owed 10,000 talents, 25 and was unable to pay. So his master ordered that he and his wife and children and everything that he had should be sold, and payment be made. 26 The servant therefore falling down, prostrated himself at his feet and entreated him. "`Only give me time,' he said, `and I will pay you the whole.' 27 "Whereupon his master, touched with compassion, set him free and forgave him the debt. 28 But no sooner had that servant gone out, than he met with one of his fellow servants who owed him 100 shillings; and seizing him by the throat and nearly strangling him he exclaimed, "`Pay me all you owe.' 29 "His fellow servant therefore fell at his feet and entreated him, "`Only give me time,' he said, `and I will pay you.' 30 "He would not, however, but went and threw him into prison until he should pay what was due. 31 His fellow servants, therefore, seeing what had happened, were exceedingly angry; and they came and told their master without reserve all that had happened. 32 At once his master called him and said, "`Wicked servant, I forgave you all that debt, because you entreated me: 33 ought not you also to have had pity on your fellow servant, just as I had pity on you?' 34 "So his master, greatly incensed, handed him over to the jailers until he should pay all he owed him. 35 "In the same way my Heavenly Father will deal with you, if you do not all of you forgive one another from your hearts."

Chapter 19

1 When Jesus had finished these discourses, He removed from Galilee and came into that part of Judaea which lay beyond the Jordan. 2 And a vast multitude followed him, and He cured them there. 3 Then came some of the Pharisees to Him to put Him to the proof by the question, "Has a man a right to divorce his wife whenever he chooses?" 4 "Have you not read," He replied, "that He who made them `made them' from the beginning `male and female, 5 and said, For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two shall be one'? 6 Thus they are no longer two, but `one'! What therefore God has joined together, let not man separate." 7 "Why then," said they, "did Moses command the husband to give her `a written notice of divorce,' and so put her away?" 8 "Moses," He replied, "in consideration of the hardness of your nature permitted you to put away your wives, but it has not been so from the beginning. 9 And I tell you that whoever divorces his wife for any reason except her unfaithfulness, and marries another woman, commits adultery." 10 "If this is the case with a man in relation to his wife," said the disciples to Him, "it is better not to marry." 11 "It is not every man," He replied, "who can receive this teaching, but only those on whom the grace has been bestowed. 12 There are men who from their birth have been disabled from marriage, others who have been so disabled by men, and others who have disabled themselves for the sake of the Kingdom of the Heavens. He who is able to receive this, let him receive it." 13 Then young children were brought to Him for Him to put His hands on them and pray; but the disciples interfered. 14 Jesus however said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them; for it is to those who are childlike that the Kingdom of the Heavens belongs." 15 So He laid His hands upon them and went away. 16 "Teacher," said one man, coming up to Him, "what that is good shall I do in order to win the Life of the Ages?" 17 "Why do you ask me," He replied, "about what is good? There is only One who is truly good. But if you desire to enter into Life, keep the Commandments." 18 "Which Commandments?" he asked. Jesus answered, "`Thou shalt not kill;' `Thou shalt not commit adultery;' `Thou shalt not steal;' `Thou shalt not lie in giving evidence;' 19 `Honour thy father and thy mother'; and `Thou shalt love thy fellow man as much as thyself.'" 20 "All of these," said the young man, "I have carefully kept. What do I still lack?" 21 "If you desire to be perfect," replied Jesus, "go and sell all that you have, and give to the poor, and you shall have wealth in Heaven; and come, follow me." 22 On hearing those words the young man went away much cast down; for he had much property. 23 So Jesus said to His disciples, "I solemnly tell you that it is with difficulty that a rich man will enter the Kingdom of the Heavens. 24 Yes, I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God." 25 These words utterly amazed the disciples, and they asked, "Who then can be saved?" 26 Jesus looked at them and said, "With men this is impossible, but with God everything is possible." 27 Then Peter said to Jesus, "See, we have forsaken everything and followed you; what then will be our reward?" 28 "I solemnly tell you," replied Jesus, "that in the New Creation, when the Son of Man has taken His seat on His glorious throne, all of you who have followed me shall also sit on twelve thrones and judge the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And whoever has forsaken houses, or brothers or sisters, or father or mother, or children or lands, for my sake, shall receive many times as much and shall have as his inheritance the Life of the Ages. 30 "But many who are now first will be last, and many who are now last will be first.

Chapter 20

1 "For the Kingdom of the Heavens is like an employer who went out early in the morning to hire men to work in his vineyard, 2 and having made an agreement with them for a shilling a day, sent them into his vineyard. 3 About nine o'clock he went out and saw others loitering in the market-place. 4 To these also he said, "`You also, go into the vineyard, and whatever is right I will give you.' 5 "So they went. Again about twelve, and about three o'clock, he went out and did the same. 6 And going out about five o'clock he found others loitering, and he asked them, "`Why have you been standing here all day long, doing nothing?' 7 "`Because no one has hired us,' they replied. "`You also, go into the vineyard,' he said. 8 "When evening came, the master said to his steward, "`Call the men and pay them their wages. Begin with the last set and finish with the first.' 9 "When those came who had begun at five o'clock, they received a shilling apiece; 10 and when the first came, they expected to get more, but they also each got the shilling. 11 So when they had received it, they grumbled against the employer, saying, 12 "`These who came last have done only one hour's work, and you have put them on a level with us who have worked the whole day and have borne the scorching heat.' 13 "`My friend,' he answered to one of them, `I am doing you no injustice. Did you not agree with me for a shilling? 14 Take your money and go. I choose to give this last comer just as much as I give you. 15 Have I not a right to do what I choose with my own property? Or are you envious because I am generous?' 16 "So the last shall be first, and the first last." 17 Jesus was now going up to Jerusalem, and He took the twelve disciples aside by themselves, and on the way He said to them, 18 "We are going up to Jerusalem, and there the Son of Man will be betrayed to the High Priests and Scribes. They will condemn Him to death, 19 and hand Him over to the Gentiles to be made sport of and scourged and crucified; and on the third day He will be raised to life." 20 Then the mother of the sons of Zabdi came to Him with her sons, and knelt before Him to make a request of Him. 21 "What is it you desire?" He asked. "Command," she replied, "that these my two sons may sit one at your right hand and one at your left in your Kingdom." 22 "None of you know what you are asking for," said Jesus; "can you drink out of the cup from which I am about to drink?" "We can," they replied. 23 "You shall drink out of my cup," He said, "but a seat at my right hand or at my left it is not for me to allot, but it belongs to those for whom it has been prepared by my Father." 24 The other ten heard of this, and their indignation was aroused against the two brothers. 25 But Jesus called them to Him, and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. 26 Not so shall it be among you; but whoever desires to be great among you shall be your servant, 27 and whoever desires to be first among you shall be your bondservant; 28 just as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give His life as the redemption-price for many." 29 As they were leaving Jericho, an immense crowd following Him, 30 two blind men sitting by the roadside heard that it was Jesus who was passing by, and cried aloud, "Sir, Son of David, pity us." 31 The people angrily tried to silence them, but they cried all the louder. "O Sir, Son of David, pity us," they said. 32 So Jesus stood still and called to them. "What shall I do for you?" He asked. 33 "Sir, let our eyes be opened," they replied. 34 Moved with compassion, Jesus touched their eyes, and immediately they regained their sight and followed Him.

Chapter 21

1 When they were come near Jerusalem and had arrived at Bethphage and the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of the disciples on in front, 2 saying to them, "Go to the village you see facing you, and as you enter it you will find a she-ass tied up and a foal with her. Untie her and bring them to me. 3 And if any one says anything to you, say, `The Master needs them,' and he will at once send them." 4 This took place in order that the Prophet's prediction might be fulfilled: 5 "Tell the Daughter of Zion, `See, thy King is coming to thee, gentle, and yet mounted on an ass, even on a colt the foal of a beast of burden.'" 6 So the disciples went and did as Jesus had instructed them: 7 they brought the she-ass and the foal, and threw their outer garments on them. So He sat on them; 8 and most of the crowd kept spreading their garments along the road, while others cut branches from the trees and carpeted the road with them, 9 and the multitudes--some of the people preceding Him and some following--sang aloud, "God save the Son of David! Blessings on Him who comes in the Lord's name! God in the highest Heavens save Him!" 10 When He thus entered Jerusalem, the whole city was thrown into commotion, every one inquiring, "Who is this?" 11 "This is Jesus, the Prophet, from Nazareth in Galilee," replied the crowds. 12 Entering the Temple, Jesus drove out all who were buying and selling there, and overturned the money-changers' tables and the seats of the pigeon-dealers. 13 "It is written," He said, "`My House shall be called the House of Prayer', but you are making it a robbers' cave." 14 And the blind and the lame came to Him in the Temple, and He cured them. 15 But when the High Priests and the Scribes saw the wonderful things that He had done and the children who were crying aloud in the Temple, "God save the Son of David," they were filled with indignation. 16 "Do you hear," they asked Him, "what these children are saying?" "Yes," He replied; "have you never read, `Out of the mouths of infants and of babes at the breast Thou hast brought forth the praise which is due'?" 17 So He left them and went out of the city to Bethany and passed the night there. 18 Early in the morning as He was on His way to return to the city He was hungry, 19 and seeing a fig-tree on the road-side He went up to it, but found nothing on it but leaves. "On you," He said, "no fruit shall ever again grow." And immediately the fig-tree withered away. 20 When the disciples saw it they exclaimed in astonishment, "How instantaneously the fig-tree has withered away!" 21 "I solemnly tell you," said Jesus, "that if you have an unwavering faith, you shall not only perform such a miracle as this of the fig-tree, but that even if you say to this mountain, `Be thou lifted up and hurled into the sea,' it shall be done; 22 and everything, whatever it be, that you ask for in your prayers, if you have faith, you shall obtain." 23 He entered the Temple; and while He was teaching, the High Priests and the Elders of the people came to Him and asked Him, "By what authority are you doing these things? and who gave you this authority?" 24 "And I also have a question to ask you," replied Jesus, "and if you answer me, I in turn will tell you by what authority I do these things. 25 John's Baptism, whence was it? --had it a heavenly or a human origin?" So they debated the matter among themselves. "If we say `a heavenly origin,'" they argued, "he will say, `Why then did you not believe him?' 26 and if we say `a human origin' we have the people to fear, for they all hold John to have been a Prophet." 27 So they answered Jesus, "We do not know." "Nor do I tell you," He replied, "by what authority I do these things." 28 "But give me your judgement. There was a man who had two sons. He came to the elder of them, and said, "`My son, go and work in the vineyard to-day.' 29 "`I will not,' he replied. "But afterwards he was sorry, and went. 30 He came to the second and spoke in the same manner. His answer was, "`I will go, Sir.' "But he did not go. 31 Which of the two did as his father desired?" "The first," they said. "I solemnly tell you,' replied Jesus, "that the tax-gatherers and the notorious sinners are entering the Kingdom of God in front of you. 32 For John came to you observing all sorts of ritual, and you put no faith in him: the tax-gatherers and the notorious sinners did put faith in him, and you, though you saw this example set you, were not even afterwards sorry so as to believe him. 33 "Listen to another parable. There was a householder who planted a vineyard, made a fence round it, dug a wine-tank in it, and built a strong lodge; then let the place to vine-dressers, and went abroad. 34 When vintage-time approached, he sent his servants to the vine-dressers to receive his share of the grapes; 35 but the vine-dressers seized the servants, and one they cruelly beat, one they killed, one they pelted with stones. 36 Again he sent another party of servants more numerous than the first; and these they treated in the same manner. 37 Later still he sent to them his son, saying, "`They will respect my son.' 38 "But the vine-dressers, when they saw the son, said to one another, "`Here is the heir: come, let us kill him and get his inheritance.' 39 "So they seized him, dragged him out of the vineyard, and killed him. 40 When then the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those vine-dressers?" 41 "He will put the wretches to a wretched death," was the reply, "and will entrust the vineyard to other vine-dressers who will render the produce to him at the vintage season." 42 "Have you never read in the Scriptures," said Jesus, "`The Stone which the builders rejected has been made the Cornerstone: this Cornerstone came from the Lord, and is wonderful in our eyes'? 43 "That, I tell you, is the reason why the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and given to a nation that will exhibit the power of it. 44 He who falls on this stone will be severely hurt; but he on whom it falls will be utterly crushed." 45 After listening to His parables the High Priests and the Pharisees perceived that He was speaking about them; 46 but though they were eager to lay hands upon Him, they were afraid of the people, for by them He was regarded as a Prophet.

Chapter 22

1 Again Jesus spoke to them in figurative language. 2 "The Kingdom of the Heavens," He said, "may be compared to a king who celebrated the marriage of his son, 3 and sent his servants to call the invited guests to the wedding, but they were unwilling to come. 4 "Again he sent other servants with a message to those who were invited. "`My breakfast is now ready," he said, `my bullocks and fat cattle are killed, and every preparation is made: come to the wedding.' 5 "They however gave no heed, but went, one to his home in the country, another to his business; 6 and the rest seized the king's servants, maltreated them, and murdered them. 7 So the king's anger was stirred, and he sent his troops and destroyed those murderers and burnt their city. 8 Then he said to his servants, "`The wedding banquet is ready, but those who were invited were unworthy of it. 9 Go out therefore to the crossroads, and everybody you meet invite to the wedding.' 10 "So they went out into the roads and gathered together all they could find, both bad and good, and the banqueting hall was filled with guests. 11 "Now the king came in to see the guests; and among them he discovered one who was not wearing a wedding-robe. 12 "`My friend,' he said, `how is it that you came in here without a wedding robe?' 13 "The man stood speechless. Then the king said to the servants, "`Bind him hand and foot and fling him into the darkness outside: there will be the weeping aloud and the gnashing of teeth.' 14 "For there are many called, but few chosen." 15 Then the Pharisees went and consulted together how they might entrap Him in His conversation. 16 So they sent to Him their disciples together with the Herodians; who said, "Teacher, we know that you are truthful and that you faithfully teach God's truth; and that no fear of man misleads you, for you are not biased by men's wealth or rank. 17 Give us your judgement therefore: is it allowable for us to pay a poll-tax to Caesar, or not?" 18 Perceiving their wickedness, Jesus replied, "Why are you hypocrites trying to ensnare me? 19 Show me the tribute coin." And they brought Him a shilling. 20 "Whose likeness and inscription," He asked, "is this?" 21 "Caesar's," they replied. "Pay therefore," He rejoined, "what is Caesar's to Caesar; and what is God's to God." 22 They heard this, and were astonished; then left Him, and went their way. 23 On the same day a party of Sadducees came to Him, contending that there is no resurrection. And they put this case to Him. 24 "Teacher," they said, "Moses enjoined, `If a man die childless, his brother shall marry his widow, and raise up a family for him.' 25 Now we had among us seven brothers. The eldest of them married, but died childless, leaving his wife to his brother. 26 So also did the second and the third, down to the seventh, 27 till the woman also died, after surviving them all. 28 At the Resurrection, therefore, whose wife of the seven will she be? for they all married her." 29 The reply of Jesus was, "You are in error, through ignorance of the Scriptures and of the power of God. 30 For in the Resurrection, men neither marry nor are women given in marriage, but they are like angels in Heaven. 31 But as to the Resurrection of the dead, have you never read what God says to you, 32 `I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob'? He is not the God of dead, but of living men." 33 All the crowd heard this, and were filled with amazement at His teaching. 34 Now the Pharisees came up when they heard that He had silenced the Sadducees, 35 and one of them, an expounder of the Law, asked Him as a test question, 36 "Teacher, which is the greatest Commandment in the Law?" 37 "`Thou shalt love the Lord thy God,'" He answered, "`with thy whole heart, thy whole soul, thy whole mind.' 38 This is the greatest and foremost Commandment. 39 And the second is similar to it: `Thou shalt love thy fellow man as much as thyself.' 40 The whole of the Law and the Prophets is summed up in these two Commandments." 41 While the Pharisees were still assembled there, Jesus put a question to them. 42 "What think you about the Christ," He said, "whose son is He?" "David's," they replied. 43 "How then," He asked, "does David, taught by the Spirit, call Him Lord, when he says, 44 "`The Lord said to my Lord, sit at My right hand until I have put thy foes beneath thy feet'? 45 "If therefore David calls Him Lord, how can He be his son?" 46 No one could say a word in reply, nor from that day did any one venture again to put a question to Him.

Chapter 23

1 Then Jesus addressed the crowds and His disciples. 2 "The Scribes," He said, "and the Pharisees sit in the chair of Moses. 3 Therefore do and observe everything that they command you; but do not imitate their lives, for though they tell others what to do, they do not do it themselves. 4 Heavy and cumbrous burdens they bind together and load men's shoulders with them, while as for themselves, not with one finger do they choose to lift them. 5 And everything they do they do with a view to being observed by men; for they widen their phylacteries and make the tassels large, 6 and love the best seats at a dinner party or in the synagogues, 7 and like to be bowed to in places of public resort, and to be addressed by men as `Rabbi.' 8 "As for you, do not accept the title of `Rabbi,' for one alone is your Teacher, and you are all brothers. 9 And call no one on earth your Father, for One alone is your Father--the Heavenly Father. 10 And do not accept the name of `leader,' for your Leader is one alone--the Christ. 11 He who is the greatest among you shall be your servant; 12 and one who exalts himself shall be abased, while one who abases himself shall be exalted. 13 "But alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you lock the door of the Kingdom of the Heavens against men; you yourselves do not enter, nor do you allow those to enter who are seeking to do so. 14 [] 15 "Alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you scour sea and land in order to win one convert--and when he is gained, you make him twice as much a son of Gehenna as yourselves. 16 "Alas for you, you blind guides, who say, "`Whoever swears by the Sanctuary it is nothing; but whoever swears by the gold of the Sanctuary, is bound by the oath.' 17 "Blind fools! Why, which is greater? --the gold, or the Sanctuary which has made the gold holy? 18 And you say, "`Whoever swears by the altar, it is nothing; but whoever swears by the offering lying on it is bound by the oath.' 19 "You are blind! Why, which is greater? --the offering, or the altar which makes the offering holy? 20 He who swears by the altar swears both by it and by everything on it; 21 he who swears by the Sanctuary swears both by it and by Him who dwells in it; 22 and he who swears by Heaven swears both by the throne of God and by Him who sits upon it. 23 "Alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you pay the tithe on mint, dill, and cumin, while you have neglected the weightier requirements of the Law--just judgement, mercy, and faithful dealing. These things you ought to have done, and yet you ought not to have left the others undone. 24 You blind guides, straining out the gnat while you gulp down the camel! 25 "Alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you wash clean the outside of the cup or dish, while within they are full of greed and self-indulgence. 26 Blind Pharisee, first wash clean the inside of the cup or dish, and then the outside will be clean also. 27 "Alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you are just like whitewashed sepulchres, the outside of which pleases the eye, though inside they are full of dead men's bones and of all that is unclean. 28 The same is true of you: outwardly you seem to the human eye to be good and honest men, but, within, you are full of insincerity and disregard of God's Law. 29 "Alas for you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites, for you repair the sepulchres of the Prophets and keep in order the tombs of the righteous, 30 and your boast is, "`If we had lived in the time of our forefathers, we should not have been implicated with them in the murder of the Prophets.' 31 "So that you bear witness against yourselves that you are descendants of those who murdered the Prophets. 32 Fill up the measure of your forefathers' guilt. 33 O serpents, O vipers' brood, how are you to escape condemnation to Gehenna? 34 "For this reason I am sending to you Prophets and wise men and Scribes. Some of them you will put to death--nay, crucify; some of them you will flog in your synagogues and chase from town to town; 35 that all the innocent blood shed upon earth may come on you, from the blood of righteous Abel to the blood of Zechariah the son of Berechiah whom you murdered between the Sanctuary and the altar. 36 I tell you in solemn truth that all these things will come upon the present generation. 37 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem! thou who murderest the Prophets and stonest those who have been sent to thee! how often have I desired to gather thy children to me, just as a hen gathers her chickens under her wings, and you would not come! 38 See, your house will now be left to you desolate! 39 For I tell you that you will never see me again until you say, `Blessed be He who comes in the name of the Lord.'"

Chapter 24

1 Jesus had left the Temple and was going on His way, when His disciples came and called His attention to the Temple buildings. 2 "You see all these?" He replied; "in solemn truth I tell you that there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be pulled down." 3 Afterwards He was on the Mount of Olives and was seated there when the disciples came to Him, apart from the others, and said, "Tell us when this will be; and what will be the sign of your Coming and of the Close of the Age?" 4 "Take care that no one misleads you," answered Jesus; 5 "for many will come assuming my name and saying `I am the Christ;' and they will mislead many. 6 And before long you will hear of wars and rumours of wars. Do not be alarmed, for such things must be; but the End is not yet. 7 For nation will rise in arms against nation, kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places; 8 but all these miseries are but like the early pains of childbirth. 9 "At that time they will deliver you up to punishment and will put you to death; and you will be objects of hatred to all the nations because you are called by my name. 10 Then will many stumble and fall, and they will betray one another and hate one another. 11 Many false prophets will rise up and lead multitudes astray; 12 and because of the prevalent disregard of God's law the love of the great majority will grow cold; 13 but those who stand firm to the End shall be saved. 14 And this Good News of the Kingdom shall be proclaimed throughout the whole world to set the evidence before all the Gentiles; and then the End will come. 15 "When you have seen (to use the language of the Prophet Daniel) the `Abomination of Desolation', standing in the Holy Place" --let the reader observe those words-- 16 "then let those who are in Judaea escape to the hills; 17 let him who is on the roof not go down to fetch what is in his house; 18 nor let him who is outside the city stay to pick up his outer garment. 19 And alas for the women who at that time are with child or have infants! 20 "But pray that your flight may not be in winter, nor on the Sabbath; 21 for it will be a time of great suffering, such as never has been from the beginning of the world till now, and assuredly never will be again. 22 And if those days had not been cut short, no one would escape; but for the sake of God's own People those days will be cut short. 23 "If at that time any one should say to you, `See, here is the Christ!' or `Here!' give no credence to it. 24 For there will rise up false Christs and false prophets, displaying wonderful signs and prodigies, so as to deceive, were it possible, even God's own People. 25 Remember, I have forewarned you. 26 If therefore they should say to you, `See, He is in the Desert!' do not go out there: or `See, He is indoors in the room!' do not believe it. 27 For just as the lightning flashes in the east and is seen to the very west, so will be the Coming of the Son of Man. 28 Wherever the dead body is, there will the vultures flock together. 29 "But immediately after those times of distress the sun will be darkened, the moon will not shed her light, the stars will fall from the firmament, and the forces which control the heavens will be disordered and disturbed. 30 Then will appear the Sign of the Son of Man in the sky; and then will all the nations of the earth lament, when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky with great power and glory. 31 And He will send out His angels with a loud trumpet-blast, and they will bring together His own People to Him from north, south, east and west--from one extremity of the world to the other. 32 "Now learn from the fig-tree the lesson it teaches. As soon as its branches have now become soft and it is bursting into leaf, you all know that summer is near. 33 So you also, when you see all these signs, may be sure that He is near--at your very door. 34 I tell you in solemn truth that the present generation will certainly not pass away without all these things having first taken place. 35 Earth and sky will pass away, but it is certain that my words will not pass away. 36 "But as to that day and the exact time no one knows--not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone. 37 `For as it was in the time of Noah, so it will be at the Coming of the Son of Man. 38 At that time, before the Deluge, men were busy eating and drinking, taking wives or giving them, up to the very day when Noah entered the Ark, 39 nor did they realise any danger till the Deluge came and swept them all away; so will it be at the Coming of the Son of Man. 40 Then will two men be in the open country: one will be taken away, and one left behind. 41 Two women will be grinding at the mill: one will be taken away, and one left behind. 42 Be on the alert therefore, for you do not know the day on which your Lord is coming. 43 But of this be assured, that if the master of the house had known the hour at which the robber was coming, he would have kept awake, and not have allowed his house to be broken into. 44 Therefore you also must be ready; for it is at a time when you do not expect Him that the Son of Man will come. 45 "Who therefore is the loyal and intelligent servant to whom his master has entrusted the control of his household to give them their rations at the appointed time? 46 Blessed is that servant whom his master when he comes shall find so doing! 47 In solemn truth I tell you that he will give him the management of all his wealth. 48 But if the man, being a bad servant, should say in his heart, `My master is a long time in coming,' 49 and should begin to beat his fellow servants, while he eats and drinks with drunkards; 50 the master of that servant will arrive on a day when he is not expecting him and at an hour of which he has not been informed; 51 he will treat him with the utmost severity and assign him a place among the hypocrites: there will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth.

Chapter 25

1 "Then will the Kingdom of the Heavens be found to be like ten bridesmaids who took their torches and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2 Five of them were foolish and five were wise. 3 For the foolish, when they took their torches, did not provide themselves with oil; 4 but the wise, besides their torches, took oil in their flasks. 5 The bridegroom was a long time in coming, so that meanwhile they all became drowsy and fell asleep. 6 But at midnight there is a loud cry, "`The bridegroom! Go out and meet him!' 7 "Then all those bridesmaids roused themselves and trimmed their torches. 8 "`Give us some of your oil,' said the foolish ones to the wise, `for our torches are going out.' 9 "`But perhaps,' replied the wise, `there will not be enough for all of us. Go to the shops rather, and buy some for yourselves.' 10 "So they went to buy. But meanwhile the bridegroom came; those bridesmaids who were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet; and the door was shut. 11 "Afterwards the other bridesmaids came and cried, "`Sir, Sir, open the door to us.' 12 "`In solemn truth I tell you,' he replied, `I do not know you.' 13 "Keep awake therefore; for you know neither the day nor the hour. 14 "Why, it is like a man who, when going on his travels, called his bondservants and entrusted his property to their care. 15 To one he gave five talents, to another two, to another one--to each according to his individual capacity; and then started from home. 16 Without delay the one who had received the five talents went and employed them in business, and gained five more. 17 In the same way he who had the two gained two more. 18 But the man who had received the one went and dug a hole and buried his master's money. 19 "After a long lapse of time the master of those servants returned, and had a reckoning with them. 20 The one who had received the five talents came and brought five more, and said, "`Sir, it was five talents that you entrusted to me: see, I have gained five more.' 21 "`You have done well, good and trustworthy servant,' replied his master; `you have been trustworthy in the management of a little, I will put you in charge of much: share your master's joy.' 22 "The second, who had received the two talents, came and said, "`Sir, it was two talents you entrusted to me: see, I have gained two more.' 23 "`Good and trustworthy servant, you have done well,' his master replied; `you have been trustworthy in the management of a little, I will put you in charge of much: share your master's joy.' 24 "But, next, the man who had the one talent in his keeping came and said, "`Sir, I knew you to be a severe man, reaping where you had not sown and garnering what you had not winnowed. 25 So being afraid I went and buried your talent in the ground: there you have what belongs to you.' 26 "`You wicked and slothful servant,' replied his master, `did you know that I reap where I have not sown, and garner what I have not winnowed? 27 Your duty then was to deposit my money in some bank, and so when I came I should have got back my property with interest. 28 So take away the talent from him, and give it to the man who has the ten.' 29 (For to every one who has, more shall be given, and he shall have abundance; but from him who has nothing, even what he has shall be taken away.) 30 `But as for this worthless servant, put him out into the darkness outside: there will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth.' 31 "When the Son of Man comes in His glory, and all the angels with Him, then will He sit upon His glorious throne, 32 and all the nations will be gathered into His presence. And He will separate them from one another, just as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33 and will make the sheep stand at His right hand, and the goats at His left. 34 "Then the King will say to those at His right, "`Come, my Father's blessed ones, receive your inheritance of the Kingdom which has been divinely intended for you ever since the creation of the world. 35 For when I was hungry, you gave me food; when I was thirsty, you gave me drink; when I was homeless, you gave me a welcome; 36 when I was ill-clad, you clothed me; when I was sick, you visited me; when I was in prison, you came to see me.' 37 "`When, Lord,' the righteous will reply, `did we see Thee hungry, and feed Thee; or thirsty, and give Thee drink? 38 When did we see Thee homeless, and give Thee a welcome? or ill-clad, and clothe Thee? 39 When did we see Thee sick or in prison, and come to see Thee?' 40 "But the King will answer them, "`In solemn truth I tell you that in so far as you rendered such services to one of the humblest of these my brethren, you rendered them to myself.' 41 "Then will He say to those at His left, "`Begone from me, with the curse resting upon you, into the Fire of the Ages, which has been prepared for the Devil and his angels. 42 For when I was hungry, you gave me nothing to eat; when thirsty, you gave me nothing to drink; 43 when homeless, you gave me no welcome; ill-clad, you clothed me not; sick or in prison, you visited me not.' 44 "Then will they also answer, "`Lord, when did we see Thee hungry or thirsty or homeless or ill-clad or sick or in prison, and not come to serve Thee?' 45 "But he will reply, "`In solemn truth I tell you that in so far as you withheld such services from one of the humblest of these, you withheld them from me.' 46 "And these shall go away into the Punishment of the Ages, but the righteous into the Life of the Ages."

Chapter 26

1 When Jesus had ended all these discourses, He said to His disciples, 2 "You know that in two days' time the Passover comes. And the Son of Man will be delivered up to be crucified." 3 Then the High Priests and Elders of the People assembled in the court of the palace of the High Priest Caiaphas, 4 and consulted how to get Jesus into their power by stratagem and put Him to death. 5 But they said, "Not during the Festival, lest there be a riot among the people." 6 Now when Jesus was come to Bethany and was at the house of Simon the Leper, 7 a woman came to Him with a jar of very costly, sweet-scented ointment, which she poured over His head as He reclined at table. 8 "Why such waste?" indignantly exclaimed the disciples; 9 "for this might have been sold for a considerable sum, and the money given to the poor." 10 But Jesus heard it, and said to them, "Why are you vexing her? For she has done a most gracious act towards me. 11 The poor you always have with you, but me you have not always. 12 In pouring this ointment over me, her object was to prepare me for burial. 13 In solemn truth I tell you that wherever in the whole world this Good News shall be proclaimed, this deed of hers shall be spoken of in memory of her." 14 At that time one of the Twelve, the one called Judas Iscariot, went to the High Priests 15 and said, "What are you willing to give me if I betray him to you?" So they weighed out to him thirty shekels, 16 and from that moment he was on the look out for an opportunity to betray Him. 17 On the first day of the Unleavened Bread the disciples came to Jesus with the question, "Where shall we make preparations for you to eat the Passover?" 18 "Go into the city," He replied, "to a certain man, and tell him, `The Teacher says, My time is close at hand. It is at your house that I shall keep the Passover with my disciples.'" 19 The disciples did as Jesus directed them, and got the Passover ready. 20 When evening came, He was at table with the twelve disciples, 21 and the meal was proceeding, when Jesus said, "In solemn truth I tell you that one of you will betray me." 22 Intensely grieved they began one after another to ask Him, "Can it be I, Master?" 23 "The one who has dipped his fingers in the bowl with me," He answered, "is the man who will betray me. 24 The Son of Man is indeed going as is written concerning Him; but alas for that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It had been a happy thing for that man if he had never been born." 25 Then Judas, the disciple who was betraying Him, asked, "Can it be I, Rabbi?" "It is you," He replied. 26 During the meal Jesus took a Passover biscuit, blessed it and broke it. He then gave it to the disciples, saying, "Take this and eat it: it is my body." 27 And He took the cup and gave thanks, and gave it to them saying, "Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is my blood which is to be poured out for many for the remission of sins--the blood which ratifies the Covenant. 29 I tell you that I will never again take the produce of the vine till that day when I shall drink the new wine with you in my Father's Kingdom." 30 So they sang the hymn and went out to the Mount of Olives. 31 Then said Jesus, "This night all of you will stumble and fail in your fidelity to me; for it is written, `I will strike the Shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered in all directions.' 32 But after I have risen to life again I will go before you into Galilee." 33 "All may stumble and fail," said Peter, "but I never will." 34 "In solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that this very night, before the cock crows, you will three times disown me." 35 "Even if I must die with you," declared Peter, "I will never disown you." In like manner protested all the disciples. 36 Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane. And He said to the disciples, "Sit down here, whilst I go yonder and there pray." 37 And He took with Him Peter and the two sons of Zabdi. Then He began to be full of anguish and distress, 38 and He said to them, "My soul is crushed with anguish to the very point of death; wait here, and keep awake with me." 39 Going forward a short distance He fell on His face and prayed. "My Father," He said, "if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me; nevertheless, not as I will, but as Thou willest." 40 Then He came to the disciples and found them asleep, and He said to Peter, "Alas, none of you could keep awake with me for even a single hour! 41 Keep awake, and pray that you may not enter into temptation: the spirit is right willing, but the body is frail." 42 Again a second time He went away and prayed, saying, "My Father, if it is impossible for this cup to pass without my drinking it, Thy will be done." 43 He came and again found them asleep, for they were very tired. 44 So He left them, and went away once more and prayed a third time, again using the same words. 45 Then He came to the disciples and said, "Sleep on and rest. See, the moment is close at hand when the Son of Man is to be betrayed into the hands of sinful men. 46 Rouse yourselves. Let us be going. My betrayer is close at hand." 47 He had scarcely finished speaking when Judas came--one of the Twelve--accompanied by a great crowd of men armed with swords and bludgeons, sent by the High Priests and Elders of the People. 48 Now the betrayer had agreed upon a sign with them, to direct them. He had said, "The one whom I kiss is the man: lay hold of him." 49 So he went straight to Jesus and said, "Peace to you, Rabbi!" And he kissed Him eagerly. 50 "Friend," said Jesus, "carry out your intention." Then they came and laid their hands on Jesus and seized Him firmly. 51 But one of those with Jesus drew his sword and struck the High Priest's servant, cutting off his ear. 52 "Put back your sword again," said Jesus, "for all who draw the sword shall perish by the sword. 53 Or do you suppose I cannot entreat my Father and He would instantly send to my help more than twelve legions of angels? 54 In that case how are the Scriptures to be fulfilled which declare that thus it must be?" 55 Then said Jesus to the crowds, "Have you come out as if to fight with a robber, with swords and bludgeons to apprehend me? Day after day I have been sitting teaching in the Temple, and you did not arrest me. 56 But all this has taken place in order that the writings of the Prophets may be fulfilled." At this point the disciples all left Him and fled. 57 But the officers who had laid hold of Jesus led Him away to Caiaphas the High Priest, at whose house the Scribes and the Elders had assembled. 58 And Peter kept following Him at a distance, till he came even to the court of the High Priest's palace, where he entered and sat down among the officers to see the issue. 59 Meanwhile the High Priests and the whole Sanhedrin were seeking false testimony against Jesus in order to put Him to death; 60 but they could find none, although many false witnesses came forward. At length there came two 61 who testified, "This man said, `I am able to pull down the Sanctuary of God and three days afterwards to build a new one.'" 62 Then the High Priest stood up and asked Him, "Have you no answer to make? What is it these men are saying in evidence against you?" 63 Jesus however remained silent. Again the High Priest addressed Him. "In the name of the ever-living God," he said, "I now put you on your oath. Tell us whether you are the Christ, the Son of God." 64 "I am He," replied Jesus. "But I tell you that, later on, you will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Omnipotence, and coming on the clouds of the sky." 65 Then the High Priest tore his robes and exclaimed, "Impious language! What further need have we of witnesses! See, you have now heard the impiety. 66 What is your verdict?" "He deserves to die," they replied. 67 Then they spat in His face, and struck Him--some with the fist, some with the open hand-- 68 while they taunted Him, saying, "Christ, prove yourself a Prophet by telling us who it was that struck you." 69 Peter meanwhile was sitting outside in the court of the palace, when one of the maidservants came over to him and said, "You too were with Jesus the Galilaean." 70 He denied it before them all, saying, "I do not know what you mean." 71 Soon afterwards he went out and stood in the gateway, when another girl saw him, and said, addressing the people there, "This man was with Jesus the Nazarene." 72 Again he denied it with an oath. "I do not know the man," he said. 73 A short time afterwards the people standing there came and said to Peter, "Certainly you too are one of them, for your brogue shows it." 74 Then with curses and oaths he declared, "I do not know the man." Immediately a cock crowed, 75 and Peter recollected the words of Jesus, how He had said, "Before the cock crows you will three times disown me." And he went out and wept aloud, bitterly.

Chapter 27

1 When morning came all the High Priests and the Elders of the people consulted together against Jesus to put Him to death; 2 and binding Him they led Him away and handed Him over to Pilate the Governor. 3 Then when Judas, who had betrayed Him, saw that He was condemned, smitten with remorse he brought back the thirty shekels to the High Priests and Elders 4 and said, "I have sinned, in betraying to death one who is innocent." "What does that matter to us?" they replied; it is your business." 5 Flinging the shekels into the Sanctuary he left the place, and went and hanged himself. 6 When the High Priests had gathered up the money they said, "It is illegal to put it into the Treasury, because it is the price of blood." 7 So after consulting together they spent the money in the purchase of the Potter's Field as a burial place for people not belonging to the city; 8 for which reason that piece of ground received the name, which it still bears, of `the Field of Blood.' 9 Then were fulfilled the words spoken by the Prophet Jeremiah, "And I took the thirty shekels, the price of the prized one on whom Israelites had set a price, 10 and gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord directed me." 11 Meanwhile Jesus was brought before the Governor, and the latter put the question, "Are you the King of the Jews?" "I am their King," He answered. 12 When however the High Priests and the Elders kept bringing their charges against Him, He said not a word in reply. 13 "Do you not hear," asked Pilate, "what a mass of evidence they are bringing against you?" 14 But He made no reply to a single accusation, so that the Governor was greatly astonished. 15 "Now it was the Governor's custom at the Festival to release some one prisoner, whomsoever the populace desired; 16 and at this time they had a notorious prisoner called Barabbas. 17 So when they were now assembled Pilate appealed to them. "Whom shall I release to you," he said, "Barabbas, or Jesus the so-called Christ?" 18 For he knew that it was from envious hatred that Jesus had been brought before him. 19 While he was sitting on the tribunal a message came to him from his wife. "Have nothing to do with that innocent man," she said, "for during the night I have suffered terribly in a dream through him." 20 The High Priests, however, and the Elders urged the crowd to ask for Barabbas and to demand the death of Jesus. 21 So when the Governor a second time asked them, "Which of the two shall I release to you?" --they cried, "Barabbas!" 22 "What then," said Pilate, "shall I do with Jesus, the so-called Christ?" With one voice they shouted, "Let him be crucified!" 23 "Why, what crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they kept on furiously shouting, "Let him be crucified!" 24 So when he saw that he could gain nothing, but that on the contrary there was a riot threatening, he called for water and washed his hands in sight of them all, saying, "I am not responsible for this murder: you must answer for it." 25 "His blood," replied all the people, "be on us and on our children!" 26 Then he released Barabbas to them, but Jesus he ordered to be scourged, and gave Him up to be crucified. 27 Then the Governor's soldiers took Jesus into the Praetorium, and called together the whole battalion to make sport of Him. 28 Stripping off His garments, they put on Him a general's short crimson cloak. 29 They twisted a wreath of thorny twigs and put it on His head, and they put a sceptre of cane in His right hand, and kneeling to Him they shouted in mockery, "Long live the King of the Jews!" 30 Then they spat upon Him, and taking the cane they repeatedly struck Him on the head with it. 31 At last, having finished their sport, they took off the cloak, clothed Him again in His own garments, and led Him away for crucifixion. 32 Going out they met a Cyrenaean named Simon; whom they compelled to carry His cross, 33 and so they came to a place called Golgotha, which means `Skull-ground.' 34 Here they gave Him a mixture of wine and gall to drink, but having tasted it He refused to drink it. 35 After crucifying Him, they divided His garments among them by lot, 36 and sat down there on guard. 37 Over His head they placed a written statement of the charge against Him: THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 38 At the same time two robbers were crucified with Him, one at His right hand and the other at His left. 39 And the passers-by reviled Him. They shook their heads at Him 40 and said, "You who would pull down the Sanctuary and build a new one within three days, save yourself. If you are God's Son, come down from the cross." 41 In like manner the High Priests also, together with the Scribes and the Elders, taunted Him. 42 "He saved others," they said, "himself he cannot save! He is the King of Israel! Let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe in him. 43 His trust is in God: let God deliver him now, if He will have him; for he said, `I am God's Son.'" 44 Insults of the same kind were heaped on Him even by the robbers who were being crucified with Him. 45 Now from noon until three o'clock in the afternoon there was darkness over the whole land; 46 but about three o'clock Jesus cried out in a loud voice, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" that is to say, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?" 47 "The man is calling for Elijah," said some of the bystanders. 48 One of them ran forthwith, and filling a sponge with sour wine put it on the end of a cane and offered it Him to drink; 49 while the rest said, "Let us see whether Elijah is coming to deliver him." 50 But Jesus uttered another loud cry and then yielded up His spirit. 51 Immediately the curtain of the Sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom: the earth quaked; the rocks split; 52 the tombs opened; and many of God's people who were asleep in death awoke. 53 And coming out of their tombs after Christ's resurrection they entered the holy city and showed themselves to many. 54 As for the Captain and the soldiers who were with Him keeping guard over Jesus, when they witnessed the earthquake and the other occurrences they were filled with terror, and exclaimed, "Assuredly he was God's Son." 55 And there were a number of women there looking on from a distance, who had followed Jesus from Galilee ministering to His necessities; 56 among them being Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James and Joses, and the mother of the sons of Zabdi. 57 Towards sunset there came a wealthy inhabitant of Arimathaea, named Joseph, who himself also had become a disciple of Jesus. 58 He went to Pilate and begged to have the body of Jesus, and Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59 So Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean sheet of fine linen. 60 He then laid it in his own new tomb which he had hewn in the solid rock, and after rolling a great stone against the door of the tomb he went home. 61 Mary of Magdala and the other Mary were both present there, sitting opposite to the sepulchre. 62 On the next day, the day after the Preparation, the High Priests and the Pharisees came in a body to Pilate. 63 "Sir," they said, "we recollect that during his lifetime that impostor pretended that after two days he was to rise to life again. 64 So give orders for the sepulchre to be securely guarded till the third day, for fear his disciples should come by night and steal the body, and then tell the people that he has come back to life; and so the last imposture will be more serious than the first." 65 "You can have a guard," said Pilate: "go and make all safe, as best you can." 66 So they went and made the sepulchre secure, sealing the stone besides setting the guard.

Chapter 28

1 After the Sabbath, in the early dawn of the first day of the week, Mary of Magdala and the other Mary came to see the sepulchre. 2 But to their amazement there had been a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord had descended from Heaven, and had come and rolled back the stone, and was sitting upon it. 3 His appearance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow. 4 For fear of him the guards trembled violently, and became like dead men. 5 But the angel said to the women, "As for you, dismiss your fears. I know that it is Jesus that you are looking for--the crucified One. 6 He is not here: He has come back to life, as He foretold. Come and see the place where He lay. 7 And go quickly and tell His disciples that He has risen from the dead and is going before you into Galilee: there you shall see Him. Remember, I have told you." 8 They quickly left the tomb and ran, still terrified but full of unspeakable joy, to carry the news to His disciples. 9 And then suddenly they saw Jesus coming to meet them. "Peace be to you," He said. And they came and clasped His feet, bowing to the ground before Him. 10 Then He said, "Dismiss all fear! Go and take word to my brethren to go into Galilee, and there they shall see me." 11 While they went on this errand, some of the guards came into the city and reported to the High Priests every detail of what had happened. 12 So the latter held a conference with the Elders, and after consultation with them they heavily bribed the soldiers, 13 telling them to say, "His disciples came during the night and stole his body while we were asleep." 14 "And if this," they added, "is reported to the Governor, we will satisfy him and screen you from punishment." 15 So they took the money and did as they were instructed; and this story was noised about among the Jews, and is current to this day. 16 As for the eleven disciples, they proceeded into Galilee, to the hill where Jesus had arranged to meet them. 17 There they saw Him and prostrated themselves before Him. Yet some doubted. 18 Jesus however came near and said to them, "All power in Heaven and over the earth has been given to me. 19 Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations; baptize them into the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit; 20 and teach them to obey every command which I have given you. And remember, I am with you always, day by day, until the Close of the Age."

Mark

Chapter 1

1 The beginning of the Good News of Jesus Christ the Son of God. 2 As it is written in Isaiah the Prophet, "See, I am sending My messenger before Thee, Who will prepare Thy way"; 3 "The voice of one crying aloud: `In the Desert prepare a road for the Lord: Make His highways straight.'" 4 So John the Baptizer came, and was in the Desert proclaiming a baptism of the penitent for forgiveness of sins. 5 There went out to him people of all classes from Judaea, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem of all ranks, and were baptized by him in the river Jordan, making open confession of their sins. 6 As for John, his garment was of camel's hair, and he wore a loincloth of leather; and his food was locusts and wild honey. 7 His announcement was, "There is One coming after me mightier than I--One whose sandal-strap I am unworthy to stoop down and unfasten. 8 I have baptized you with water, but He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit." 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee and was baptized by John in the Jordan; 10 and immediately on His coming up out of the water He saw an opening in the sky, and the Spirit like a dove coming down to Him; 11 and a voice came from the sky, saying, "Thou art My Son dearly loved: in Thee is My delight." 12 At once the Spirit impelled Him to go out into the Desert, 13 where He remained for forty days, tempted by Satan; and He was among the wild beasts, but the angels waited upon Him. 14 Then, after John had been thrown into prison, Jesus came into Galilee proclaiming God's Good News. 15 "The time has fully come," He said, "and the Kingdom of God is close at hand: repent, and believe this Good News. 16 One day, passing along the shore of the Lake of Galilee, He saw Simon and Andrew, Simon's brother, throwing their nets in the Lake; for they were fisherman. 17 "Come and follow me," said Jesus, "and I will make you fishers for men." 18 At once they left their nets and followed Him. 19 Going on a little further He saw James the son of Zabdi and his brother John: they also were in the boat mending the nets, and He immediately called them. 20 They therefore left their father Zabdi in the boat with the hired men, and went and followed Him. 21 So they came to Capernaum, and on the next Sabbath He went to the synagogue and began to teach. 22 The people listened with amazement to His teaching--for there was authority about it: it was very different from that of the Scribes-- 23 when all at once, there in their synagogue, a man under the power of a foul spirit screamed out: 24 "What have you to do with us, Jesus the Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are--God's Holy One." 25 But Jesus reprimanded him, saying, "Silence! come out of him." 26 So the foul spirit, after throwing the man into convulsions, came out of him with a loud cry. 27 And all were amazed and awe-struck, so they began to ask one another, "What does this mean? Here is a new sort of teaching--and a tone of authority! And even to foul spirits he issues orders and they obey him!" 28 And His fame spread at once everywhere in all that part of Galilee. 29 Then on leaving the synagogue they came at once, with James and John, to the house of Simon and Andrew. 30 Now Simon's mother-in-law was ill in bed with a fever, and without delay they informed Him about her. 31 So He went to her, and taking her hand He raised her to her feet: the fever left her, and she began to wait upon them. 32 When it was evening, after sunset people came bringing Him all who were sick and the demoniacs; 33 and the whole town was assembled at the door. 34 Then He cured numbers of people who were ill with various diseases, and He drove out many demons; not allowing the demons to speak, because they knew who He was. 35 In the morning He rose early, while it was still quite dark, and leaving the house He went away to a solitary place and there prayed. 36 And Simon and the others searched everywhere for Him. 37 When they found Him they said, "Every one is looking for you." 38 "Let us go elsewhere, to the neighbouring country towns," He replied, "that I may proclaim my Message there also; because for that purpose I came from God." 39 And He went through all Galilee, preaching in the synagogues and expelling the demons. 40 One day there came a leper to Jesus entreating Him, and pleading on his knees. "If you are willing," he said, "you are able to cleanse me." 41 Moved with pity Jesus reached out His hand and touched him. "I am willing," He said; "be cleansed." 42 The leprosy at once left him, and he was cleansed. 43 Jesus at once sent him away, strictly charging him, 44 and saying, "Be careful not to tell any one, but go and show yourself to the Priest, and for your purification present the offerings that Moses appointed as evidence for them." 45 But the man, when he went out, began to tell every one and to publish the matter abroad, so that it was no longer possible for Jesus to go openly into any town; but He had to remain outside in unfrequented places, where people came to Him from all parts.

Chapter 2

1 After some days He entered Capernaum again, and it soon became known that He was at home; 2 and such numbers of people came together that there was no longer room for them even round the door. He was speaking His Message to them, 3 when there came a party of people bringing a paralytic--four men carrying him. 4 Finding themselves unable, however, to bring him to Jesus because of the crowd, they untiled the roof just over His head, and after clearing an opening they lowered the mat on which the paralytic was lying. 5 Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the paralytic, "My son, your sins are pardoned." 6 Now there were some of the Scribes sitting there, and reasoning in their hearts. 7 "Why does this man use such words?" they said; "he is blaspheming. Who can pardon sins but One--that is, God?" 8 At once perceiving by His spirit that they were reasoning within themselves, Jesus asked them, "Why do you thus argue in your minds? 9 Which is easier?--to say to this paralytic, `Your sins are pardoned,' or to say, `Rise, take up your mat, and walk?' 10 But that you may know that the Son of Man has authority on earth to pardon sins" --He turned to the paralytic, and said, 11 "To you I say, `Rise, take up your mat and go home.'" 12 The man rose, and immediately under the eyes of all took up his mat and went out, so that they were all filled with astonishment, gave the glory to God, and said, "We never saw anything like this." 13 Again He went out to the shore of the Lake, and the whole multitude kept coming to Him, and He taught them. 14 And as He passed by, He saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the Toll Office, and said to him, "Follow me." So he rose and followed Him. 15 When He was sitting at table in Levi's house, a large number of tax-gatherers and notorious sinners were at table with Jesus and His disciples; for there were many such who habitually followed Him. 16 But when the Scribes of the Pharisee sect saw Him eating with the sinners and the tax-gatherers, they said to His disciples, "He is eating and drinking with the tax-gatherers and sinners!" 17 Jesus heard the words, and He said, "It is not the healthy who require a doctor, but the sick: I did not come to appeal to the righteous, but to sinners." 18 (Now John's disciples and those of the Pharisees were keeping a fast.) And they came and asked Him, "How is it that John's disciples and those of the Pharisees are fasting, and yours are not?" 19 "Can a wedding party fast while the bridegroom is among them?" replied Jesus. "So long as they have the bridegroom with them, fasting is impossible. 20 But a time will come when the Bridegroom will be taken away from them; then they will fast. 21 No one mends an old garment with a piece of unshrunk cloth. Otherwise, the patch put on would tear away from it--the new from the old--and a worse hole would be made. 22 And no one pours new wine into old wineskins. Otherwise the wine would burst the skins, and both wine and skins would be lost. New wine needs fresh skins!" 23 One Sabbath He was walking through the wheatfields when His disciples began to pluck the ears of wheat as they went. 24 So the Pharisees said to Him, "Look! why are they doing what on the Sabbath is unlawful?" 25 "Have you never read," Jesus replied, "what David did when the necessity arose and he and his men were hungry: 26 how he entered the house of God in the High-priesthood of Abiathar, and ate the Presented Loaves--which none but the priests are allowed to eat--and gave some to his men also?" 27 And Jesus said to them: "The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath; 28 so that the Son of Man is Lord even of the Sabbath."

Chapter 3

1 At another time, when He went to the synagogue, there was a man there with one arm shrivelled up. 2 They closely watched Him to see whether He would cure him on the Sabbath--so as to have a charge to bring against Him. 3 "Come forward," said He to the man with the shrivelled arm. 4 Then He asked them, "Are we allowed to do good on the Sabbath, or to do evil? to save a life, or to destroy one?" They remained silent. 5 Grieved and indignant at the hardening of their hearts, He looked round on them with anger, and said to the man, "Stretch out your arm." He stretched it out, and the arm was completely restored. 6 But no sooner had the Pharisees left the synagogue than they held a consultation with the Herodians against Jesus, to devise some means of destroying Him. 7 Accordingly Jesus withdrew with His disciples to the Lake, and a vast crowd of people from Galilee followed Him; 8 and from Judaea and Jerusalem and Idumaea and from beyond the Jordan and from the district of Tyre and Sidon there came to Him a vast crowd, hearing of all that He was doing. 9 So He gave directions to His disciples to keep a small boat in constant attendance on Him because of the throng--to prevent their crushing Him. 10 For He had cured many of the people, so that all who had any ailments pressed upon Him, to touch Him. 11 And the foul spirits, whenever they saw Him, threw themselves down at His feet, screaming out: "You are the Son of God." 12 But He many a time checked them, forbidding them to say who He was. 13 Then He went up the hill; and those whom He Himself chose He called, and they came to Him. 14 He appointed twelve of them, that they might be with Him, and that He might also send them to proclaim His Message, 15 with authority to expel the demons. 16 These twelve were Simon (to whom He gave the surname of Peter), 17 James the son of Zabdi and John the brother of James (these two He surnamed Boanerges, that is `Sons of Thunder'), 18 Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Cananaean, 19 and Judas Iscariot, the man who also betrayed Him. 20 And He went into a house. But again the crowd assembled, so that there was no opportunity for them even to snatch a meal. 21 Hearing of this, His relatives came to seize Him by force, for they said, "He is out of his mind." 22 The Scribes, too, who had come down from Jerusalem said, "He has Baal-zebul in him; and it is by the power of the Prince of the demons that he expels the demons." 23 So He called them to Him, and using figurative language He appealed to them, saying, "How is it possible for Satan to expel Satan? 24 For if civil war breaks out in a kingdom, nothing can make that kingdom last; 25 and if a family splits into parties, that family cannot continue. 26 So if Satan has risen in arms and has made war upon himself, stand he cannot, but meets his end. 27 Nay, no one can go into a strong man's house and carry off his property, unless he first binds the strong man, and then he will plunder his house. 28 In solemn truth I tell you that all their sins may be pardoned to the sons of men, and all their blasphemies, however they may have blasphemed; 29 but whoever blasphemes against the Holy Spirit, he remains for ever unabsolved: he is guilty of a sin of the Ages." 30 This was because they said, "He is possessed by a foul spirit." 31 By this time His mother and His brothers arrive, and standing outside they send a message to Him to call Him. 32 Now a crowd was sitting round Him; so they tell Him, "Your mother and your brothers and sisters are outside, inquiring for you." 33 "Who are my mother and my brothers?" He replied. 34 And, fixing His eyes on the people who were sitting round Him in a circle, He said, 35 "Here are my mother and my brothers. For wherever there is one who has been obedient to God, there is my brother--my sister--and my mother."

Chapter 4

1 Once more He began to teach by the side of the Lake, and a vast multitude of people came together to listen to Him. He therefore went on board the boat and sat there, a little way from the land; and all the people were on the shore close to the water. 2 Then He proceeded to teach them many lessons in figurative language; and in His teaching He said, 3 "Listen: the sower goes out to sow. 4 As he sows, some of the seed falls by the way-side, and the birds come and peck it up. 5 Some falls on the rocky ground where it finds but little earth, and it shoots up quickly because it has no depth of soil; 6 but when the sun is risen, it is scorched, and through having no root it withers away. 7 Some, again, falls among the thorns; and the thorns spring up and stifle it, so that it yields no crop. 8 But some of the seed falls into good ground, and gives a return: it comes up and increases, and yields thirty, sixty, or a hundred-fold." 9 "Listen," He added, "every one who has ears to listen with!" 10 When He was alone, the Twelve and the others who were about Him requested Him to explain His figurative language. 11 "To you," He replied, "has been entrusted the secret truth concerning the Kingdom of God; but to those others outside your number all this is spoken in figurative language; 12 that "`They may look and look but not see, and listen and listen but not understand, lest perchance they should return and be pardoned.'" 13 "Do you all miss the meaning of this parable?" He added; "how then will you understand the rest of my parables?" 14 "What the sower sows is the Message. 15 Those who receive the seed by the way-side are those in whom the Message is sown, but, when they have heard it, Satan comes at once and carries away the Message sown in them. 16 In the same way those who receive the seed on the rocky places are those who, when they have heard the Message, at once accept it joyfully, 17 but they have no root within them. They last for a time; then, when suffering or persecution comes because of the Message, they are immediately overthrown. 18 Others there are who receive the seed among the thorns: these are they who have heard the Message, 19 but worldly cares and the deceitfulness of wealth and the excessive pursuit of other objects come in and stifle the Message, and it becomes unfruitful. 20 Those, on the other hand, who have received the seed on the good ground, are all who hear the Message and welcome it, and yield a return of thirty, sixty, or a hundred fold." 21 He went on to say, "Is the lamp brought in in order to be put under the bushel or under the bed? Is it not rather in order that it may be placed on the lampstand? 22 Why, there is nothing hidden except with a view to its being ultimately disclosed, nor has anything been made a secret but that it may at last come to light. 23 Listen, every one who has ears to listen with!" 24 He also said to them, "Take care what you hear. With what measure you measure, it will be measured to you, and that with interest. 25 For those who have will have more given them; and from those who have not, even what they have will be taken away." 26 Another saying of His was this: "The Kingdom of God is as if a man scattered seed over the ground: 27 he spends days and nights, now awake, now asleep, while the seed sprouts and grows tall, he knows not how. 28 Of itself the land produces the crop-- first the blade, then the ear; afterwards the perfect grain is seen in the ear. 29 But no sooner is the crop ripe, than he sends the reapers, because the time of harvest has come." 30 Another saying of His was this: "How are we to picture the Kingdom of God? or by what figure of speech shall we represent it? 31 It is like a mustard-seed, which, when sown in the earth, is the smallest of all the seeds in the world; 32 yet when sown it springs up and becomes larger than all the herbs, and throws out great branches, so that the birds build under its shadow." 33 With many such parables He used to speak the Message to them according to their capacity for receiving it. 34 But except in figurative language He spoke nothing to them; while to His own disciples He expounded everything, in private. 35 The same day, in the evening, He said to them, "Let us cross to the other side." 36 So they got away from the crowd, and took Him--as He was--in the boat; and other boats accompanied Him. 37 But a heavy squall came on, and the waves were now dashing into the boat, so that it was fast filling. 38 But He Himself was in the stern asleep, with His head on the cushion: so they woke Him. "Rabbi," they cried, "is it nothing to you that we are drowning?" 39 So He roused Himself and rebuked the wind, and said to the waves, "Silence! Be still!" The wind sank, and a perfect calm set in. 40 "Why are you so timid?" He asked; "have you still no faith?" 41 Then they were filled with terror, and began to say to one another, "Who is this, then? For even wind and sea obey Him."

Chapter 5

1 So they arrived at the opposite shore of the Lake, in the country of the Gerasenes. 2 At once, on His landing, there came from the tombs to meet Him a man possessed by a foul spirit. 3 This man lived among the tombs, nor could any one now secure him even with a chain; 4 for many a time he had been left securely bound in fetters and chains, but afterwards the chains lay torn link from link, and the fetters in fragments, and there was no one strong enough to master him. 5 And constantly, day and night, he remained among the tombs or on the hills, shrieking, and mangling himself with sharp stones. 6 And when he saw Jesus in the distance, he ran and threw himself at His feet, 7 crying out in a loud voice, "What hast Thou to do with me, Jesus, Son of God Most High? In God's name I implore Thee not to torment me." 8 For He had said to him, "Foul spirit, come out of the man." 9 Jesus also questioned him. "What is your name?" He said. "Legion," he replied, "for there are a host of us." 10 And he earnestly entreated Him not to send them away out of the country. 11 Feeding there, on the mountain slope, was a great herd of swine. 12 So they besought Jesus. "Send us to the swine," they said, "so that we may enter into them." 13 He gave them leave; and the foul spirits came out and entered into the swine, and the herd--about 2,000 in number--rushed headlong down the cliff into the Lake and were drowned in the Lake. 14 The swineherds fled, and spread the news in town and country. So the people came to see what it was that had happened; 15 and when they came to Jesus, they beheld the demoniac quietly seated, clothed and of sane mind--the man who had had the legion; and they were awe-stricken. 16 And those who had seen it told them the particulars of what had happened to the demoniac, and all about the swine. 17 Then they began entreating Him to depart from their district. 18 As He was embarking, the man who had been possessed asked permission to accompany Him. 19 But He would not allow it. "Go home to your family," He said, "and report to them all that the Lord has done for you, and the mercy He has shown you." 20 So the man departed, and related publicly everywhere in the Ten Towns all that Jesus had done for him; and all were astonished. 21 When Jesus had re-crossed in the boat to the other side, a vast multitude came crowding to Him; and He was on the shore of the Lake, 22 when there came one of the Wardens of the Synagogue--he was called Jair--who, on beholding Him, threw himself at His feet, 23 and besought Him with many entreaties. "My little daughter," he said, "is at the point of death: I pray you come and lay your hands upon her, that she may recover and live." 24 And Jesus went with him. And a dense crowd followed Him, and thronged Him on all sides. 25 Now a woman who for twelve years had suffered from haemorrhage, 26 and had undergone many different treatments under a number of doctors and had spent all she had without receiving benefit but on the contrary growing worse, 27 heard of Jesus. And she came in the crowd behind Him and touched His cloak; 28 for she said, "If I but touch His clothes, I shall be cured." 29 In a moment the flow of her blood ceased, and she felt in herself that her complaint was cured. 30 Immediately Jesus, well knowing that healing power had gone from within Him, turned round in the crowd and asked, "Who touched my clothes?" 31 "You see the multitude pressing you on all sides," His disciples exclaimed, "and yet you ask, `Who touched me?'" 32 But He continued looking about to see the person who had done this, 33 until the woman, frightened and trembling, knowing what had happened to her, came and threw herself at His feet, and told Him all the truth. 34 "Daughter," He said, "your faith has cured you: go in peace, and be free from your complaint." 35 While He is yet speaking, men come from the house to the Warden, and say, "Your daughter is dead: why trouble the Rabbi further?" 36 But Jesus, overhearing the words, said to the Warden, "Do not be afraid; only have faith." 37 And He allowed no one to accompany Him except Peter and the brothers James and John. 38 So they come to the Warden's house. Here He gazes on a scene of uproar, with people weeping aloud and wailing. 39 He goes in. "Why all this outcry and loud weeping?" He asks; "the child is asleep, not dead." 40 To this their reply is a scornful laugh. He, however, puts them all out, takes the child's father and mother and those He has brought with Him, and enters the room where the child lies. 41 Then, taking her by the hand, He says to her, "Talitha, koum;" that is to say, "Little girl, I command you to wake!" 42 Instantly the little girl rises to her feet and begins to walk (for she was twelve years old). They were at once beside themselves with utter astonishment; 43 but He gave strict injunctions that the matter should not be made known, and directed them to give her something to eat.

Chapter 6

1 Leaving that place He came into His own country, accompanied by His disciples. 2 On the Sabbath He proceeded to teach in the synagogue; and many, as they heard Him, were astonished. "Where did he acquire all this?" they asked. "What is this wisdom that has been given to him? And what are these marvellous miracles which his hands perform? 3 Is not this the carpenter, Mary's son, the brother of James and Joses, Jude and Simon? And do not his sisters live here among us?" So they turned angrily away. 4 But Jesus said to them, "There is no Prophet without honour except in his own country, and among his own relatives, and in his own home." 5 And He could not do any miracle there, except that He laid His hands on a few who were out of health and cured them; and 6 He wondered at their unbelief. So He went round the adjacent villages, teaching. 7 Then summoning the Twelve to Him, He proceeded to send them out by twos, and gave them authority over the foul spirits. 8 He charged them to take nothing for the journey except a stick; no bread, no bag, and not a penny in their pockets, 9 but to go wearing sandals. "And do not," He said, "put on an extra under garment. 10 Wherever you enter a house, make it your home till you leave that place. 11 But wherever they will not receive you or listen to you, when you leave shake off the very dust from under your feet to bear witness concerning them." 12 So they set out, and preached in order that men might repent. 13 Many demons they expelled, and many invalids they anointed with oil and cured. 14 King Herod heard of all this (for the name of Jesus had become widely known), and he kept saying, "John the Baptizer has come back to life, and that is why these miraculous Powers are working in him." 15 Others asserted that He was Elijah. Others again said, "He is a Prophet, like one of the great Prophets." 16 But when Herod heard of Him, he said, "The John, whom I beheaded, has come back to life." 17 For Herod himself had sent and had had John arrested and had kept him in prison in chains, for the sake of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife; because he had married her. 18 For John had repeatedly told Herod, "You have no right to be living with your brother's wife." 19 Therefore Herodias hated him and wished to take his life, but could not; 20 for Herod stood in awe of John, knowing him to be an upright and holy man, and he protected him. After listening to him he was in great perplexity, and yet he found a pleasure in listening. 21 At length Herodias found her opportunity. Herod on his birthday gave a banquet to the nobles of his court and to the tribunes and the principal people in Galilee, 22 at which Herodias's own daughter came in and danced, and so charmed Herod and his guests that he said to her, "Ask me for anything you please, and I will give it to you." 23 He even swore to her, "Whatever you ask me for I will give you, up to half my kingdom." 24 She at once went out and said to her mother: "What shall I ask for?" "The head of John the Baptizer," she replied. 25 The girl immediately came in, in haste, to the King and made her request. "My desire is," she said, "that you will give me, here and now, on a dish, the head of John the Baptist." 26 Then the King, though intensely sorry, yet for the sake of his oaths, and of his guests, would not break faith with her. 27 He at once sent a soldier of his guard with orders to bring John's head. So he went and beheaded him in the prison, 28 and brought his head on a dish and gave it to the young girl, who gave it to her mother. 29 When John's disciples heard of it, they came and took away his body and laid it in a tomb. 30 When the Apostles had re-assembled round Jesus, they reported to Him all they had done and all they had taught. 31 Then He said to them, "Come away, all of you, to a quiet place, and rest awhile." For there were many coming and going, so that they had no time even for meals. 32 Accordingly they sailed away in the boat to a solitary place apart. 33 But the people saw them going, and many knew them; and coming by land they ran together there from all the neighbouring towns, and arrived before them. 34 So when Jesus landed, He saw a vast multitude; and His heart was moved with pity for them, because they were like sheep which have no shepherd, and He proceeded to teach them many things. 35 By this time it was late; so His disciples came to Him, and said, "This is a lonely place, and the hour is now late: 36 send them away that they may go to the farms and villages near here and buy themselves something to eat." 37 "Give them food yourselves," He replied. "Are we," they asked, "to go and buy two hundred shillings' worth of bread and give them food?" 38 "How many loaves have you?" He inquired; "go and see." So they found out, and said, "Five; and a couple of fish." 39 So He directed them to make all sit down in companies on the green grass. 40 And they sat down in rows of hundreds and of fifties. 41 Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, and lifting His eyes to Heaven He blessed the food. Then He broke the loaves into portions which He went on handing to the disciples to distribute; giving pieces also of the two fish to them all. 42 All ate and were fully satisfied. 43 And they carried away broken portions enough to fill twelve baskets, besides pieces of the fish. 44 Those who ate the bread were 5,000 adult men. 45 Immediately afterwards He made His disciples go on board the boat and cross over to Bethsaida, leaving Him behind to dismiss the crowd. 46 He then bade the people farewell, and went away up the hill to pray. 47 When evening was come, the boat was half way across the Lake, while he Himself was on shore alone. 48 But when He saw them distressed with rowing (for the wind was against them), towards morning He came towards them walking on the Lake, as if intending to pass them. 49 They saw Him walking on the water, and thinking that it was a spirit they cried out; 50 for they all saw Him and were terrified. He, however, immediately spoke to them. "There is no danger," He said; "it is I; be not alarmed." 51 Then He went up to them on board the boat, and the wind lulled; and they were beside themselves with silent amazement. 52 For they had not learned the lesson taught by the loaves, but their minds were dull. 53 Having crossed over they drew to land in Gennesaret and came to anchor. 54 But no sooner had they gone ashore than the people immediately recognized Him. 55 Then they scoured the whole district, and began to bring Him the sick on their mats wherever they heard He was. 56 And enter wherever He might--village or town or hamlet--they laid their sick in the open places, and entreated Him to let them touch were it but the tassel of His robe; and all, whoever touched Him, were restored to health.

Chapter 7

1 Then the Pharisees, with certain Scribes who had come from Jerusalem, came to Him in a body. 2 They had noticed that some of His disciples were eating their food with `unclean' (that is to say, unwashed) hands. 3 (For the Pharisees and all the Jews--being, as they are, zealous for the traditions of the Elders--never eat without first carefully washing their hands, 4 and when they come from market they will not eat without bathing first; and they have a good many other customs which they have received traditionally and cling to, such as the rinsing of cups and pots and of bronze utensils, and the washing of beds.) 5 So the Pharisees and Scribes put the question to Him: "Why do your disciples transgress the traditions of the Elders, and eat their food with unclean hands?" 6 "Rightly did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites," He replied; "as it is written, "`This People honour Me with their lips, while their hearts are far away from Me: 7 But idle is their devotion while they lay down precepts which are mere human rules.' 8 "You neglect God's Commandment: you hold fast to men's traditions." 9 "Praiseworthy indeed!" He added, "to set at nought God's Commandment in order to observe your own traditions! 10 For Moses said, `Honour thy father and thy mother' and again, `He who curses father or mother, let him die the death.' 11 But you say, `If a man says to his father or mother, It is a Korban (that is, a thing devoted to God), whatever it is, which otherwise you would have received from me--' 12 And so you no longer allow him to do anything for his father or mother, 13 thus nullifying God's precept by your tradition which you have handed down. And many things of that kind you do." 14 Then Jesus called the people to Him again. "Listen to me, all of you," He said, "and understand. 15 There is nothing outside a man which entering him can make him unclean; but it is the things which come out of a man that make him unclean." 16 [] 17 After He had left the crowd and gone indoors, His disciples began to ask Him about this figure of speech. 18 "Have you also so little understanding?" He replied; "do you not understand that anything whatever that enters a man from outside cannot make him unclean, 19 because it does not go into his heart, but into his stomach, and passes away ejected from him?" By these words Jesus pronounced all kinds of food clean. 20 "What comes out of a man," He added, "that it is which makes him unclean. 21 For from within, out of men's hearts, their evil purposes proceed--fornication, theft, murder, adultery, 22 covetousness, wickedness, deceit, licentiousness, envy, reviling, pride, reckless folly: 23 all these wicked things come out from within and make a man unclean." 24 Then He rose and left that place and went into the neighbourhood of Tyre and Sidon. Here He entered a house and wished no one to know it, but He could not escape observation. 25 Forthwith a woman whose little daughter was possessed by a foul spirit heard of Him, and came and flung herself at His feet. 26 She was a Gentile woman, a Syro-phoenician by nation: and again and again she begged Him to expel the demon from her daughter. 27 "Let the children first eat all they want," He said; "it is not right to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs." 28 "True, Sir," she replied, "and yet the dogs under the table eat the children's scraps." 29 "For those words of yours, go home," He replied; "the demon has gone out of your daughter." 30 So she went home, and found the child lying on the bed, and the demon gone. 31 Returning from the neighbourhood of Tyre, He came by way of Sidon to the Lake of Galilee, passing through the district of the Ten Towns. 32 Here they brought to Him a deaf man that stammered, on whom they begged Him to lay His hands. 33 So Jesus taking him aside, apart from the crowd, put His fingers into his ears, and spat, and moistened his tongue; 34 and looking up to Heaven He sighed, and said to him, "Ephphatha!" (that is, "Open!") 35 And the man's ears were opened, and his tongue became untied, and he began to speak perfectly. 36 Then Jesus charged them to tell no one; but the more He charged them, all the more did they spread the news far and wide. 37 The amazement was extreme. "He succeeds in everything he attempts," they exclaimed; "he even makes deaf men hear and dumb men speak!"

Chapter 8

1 About that time there was again an immense crowd, and they found themselves with nothing to eat. So He called His disciples to Him. 2 "My heart yearns over the people," He said; "for this is now the third day they have remained with me, and they have nothing to eat. 3 If I were to send them home hungry, they would faint on the way, some of them having come a great distance." 4 "Where can we possibly get bread here in this remote place to satisfy such a crowd?" answered His disciples. 5 "How many loaves have you?" He asked. "Seven," they said. 6 So He passed the word to the people to sit down on the ground. Then taking the seven loaves He blessed them, and broke them into portions and proceeded to give them to His disciples for them to distribute, and they distributed them to the people. 7 They had also a few small fish. He blessed them, and He told His disciples to distribute these also. 8 So the people ate an abundant meal; and what remained over they picked up and carried away--seven hampers of broken pieces. 9 The number fed were about 4,000. Then He sent them away, 10 and at once going on board with His disciples He came into the district of Dalmanutha. 11 The Pharisees followed Him and began to dispute with Him, asking Him for a sign in the sky, to make trial of Him. 12 Heaving a deep and troubled sigh, He said, "Why do the men of to-day ask for a sign? In solemn truth I tell you that no sign will be given to the men of to-day." 13 So He left them, went on board again, and came away to the other side. 14 Now they had forgotten to take bread, nor had they more than a single loaf with them in the boat; 15 and when He admonished them, "See to it, be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and the yeast of Herod," 16 they explained His words to one another by saying, "We have no bread!" 17 He perceived what they were saying, and He said to them, "What is this discussion of yours about having no bread? Do you not yet see and understand? Are your minds so dull of comprehension? 18 You have eyes! can you not see? You have ears! can you not hear? and have you no memory? 19 When I broke up the five loaves for the 5,000 men, how many baskets did you carry away full of broken portions?" "Twelve," they said. 20 "And when the seven for the 4,000, how many hampers full of portions did you take away?" "Seven," they answered. 21 "Do you not yet understand?" He said. 22 And they came to Bethsaida. And a blind man was brought to Jesus and they entreated Him to touch him. 23 So He took the blind man by the arm and brought him out of the village, and spitting into his eyes He put His hands on him and asked him, "Can you see anything?" 24 He looked up and said, "I can see the people: I see them like trees--only walking." 25 Then for the second time He put His hands on the man's eyes, and the man, looking steadily, recovered his sight and saw everything distinctly. 26 So He sent him home, and added, "Do not even go into the village." 27 From that place Jesus and His disciples went to the villages belonging to Caesarea Philippi. On the way He began to ask His disciples, "Who do people say that I am?" 28 "John the Baptist," they replied, "but others say Elijah, and others, that it is one of the Prophets." 29 Then He asked them pointedly, "But you yourselves, who do you say that I am?" "You are the Christ," answered Peter. 30 And He strictly forbad them to tell this about Him to any one. 31 And now for the first time He told them, "The Son of Man must endure much suffering, and be rejected by the Elders and the High Priests and the Scribes, and be put to death, and after two days rise to life." 32 This He told them plainly; whereupon Peter took Him and began to remonstrate with Him. 33 But turning round and seeing His disciples, He rebuked Peter. "Get behind me, Adversary," He said, "for your thoughts are not God's thoughts, but men's." 34 Then calling to Him the crowd and also His disciples, He said to them, "If any one is desirous of following me, let him ignore self and take up his cross, and so be my follower. 35 For whoever is bent on securing his life will lose it, but he who loses his life for my sake, and for the sake of the Good News, will secure it. 36 Why, what does it benefit a man to gain the whole world and forfeit his life? 37 For what could a man give to buy back his life? 38 Every one, however, who has been ashamed of me and of my teachings in this faithless and sinful age, of him the Son of Man also will be ashamed when He comes in His Father's glory with the holy angels."

Chapter 9

1 He went on to say, "In solemn truth I tell you that some of those who are standing here will certainly not taste death till they have seen the Kingdom of God already come in power." 2 Six days later, Jesus took with Him Peter, James, and John, and brought them alone, apart from the rest, up a high mountain; and in their presence His appearance underwent a change. 3 His garments also became dazzling with brilliant whiteness--such whiteness as no bleaching on earth could give. 4 Moreover there appeared to them Elijah accompanied by Moses; and the two were conversing with Jesus, 5 when Peter said to Jesus, "Rabbi, we are thankful to you that we are here. Let us put up three tents--one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." 6 For he knew not what to say: they were filled with such awe. 7 Then there came a cloud spreading over them, and a voice issued from the cloud, "This is my Son, dearly loved: listen to Him." 8 Instantly they looked round, and now they could no longer see any one, but themselves and Jesus. 9 As they were coming down from the mountain, He very strictly forbad them to tell any one what they had seen "until after the Son of Man has risen from among the dead." 10 So they kept the matter to themselves, although frequently asking one another what was meant by the rising from the dead. 11 They also asked Him, "How is it that the Scribes say that Elijah must first come?" 12 "Elijah," He replied, "does indeed come first and reforms everything; but how is it that it is written of the Son of Man that He will endure much suffering and be held in contempt? 13 Yet I tell you that not only has Elijah come, but they have also done to him whatever they chose, as the Scriptures say about him." 14 As they came to rejoin the disciples, they saw an immense crowd surrounding them and a party of Scribes disputing with them. 15 Immediately the whole multitude on beholding Him were astonished and awe-struck, and yet they ran forward and greeted Him. 16 "What is the subject you are discussing?" He asked them. 17 "Rabbi," answered one of the crowd, "I have brought you my son. He has a dumb spirit in him; 18 and wherever it comes upon him, it dashes him to the ground, and he foams at the mouth and grinds his teeth, and he is pining away. I begged your disciples to expel it, but they had not the power." 19 "O unbelieving generation!" replied Jesus; "how long must I be with you? how long must I have patience with you? Bring the boy to me." 20 So they brought him to Jesus. And the spirit, when he saw Jesus, immediately threw the youth into convulsions, so that he fell on the ground and rolled about, foaming at the mouth. 21 Then Jesus asked the father, "How long has he been like this?" "From early childhood," he said; 22 "and often it has thrown him into the fire or into pools of water to destroy him. But, if you possibly can, have pity on us and help us." 23 "`If I possibly can!'" replied Jesus; "why, everything is possible to him who believes." 24 Immediately the father cried out, "I do believe: strengthen my weak faith." 25 Then Jesus, seeing that an increasing crowd was running towards Him, rebuked the foul spirit, and said to it, "Dumb and deaf spirit, I command you, come out of him and never enter into him again." 26 So with a loud cry he threw the boy into fit after fit, and came out. The boy looked as if he were dead, so that most of them said he was dead; 27 but Jesus took his hand and raised him up, and he stood on his feet. 28 After the return of Jesus to the house His disciples asked Him privately, "How is it that we could not expel the spirit?" 29 "An evil spirit of this kind," He answered, "can only be driven out by prayer." 30 Departing thence they passed through Galilee, and He was unwilling that any one should know it; 31 for He was teaching His disciples, and telling them, "The Son of Man is to be betrayed into the hands of men, and they will put Him to death; and after being put to death, in three days He will rise to life again." 32 They, however, did not understand what He meant, and were afraid to question Him. 33 So they came to Capernaum; and when in the house He asked them, "What were you arguing about on the way?" 34 But they remained silent; for on the way they had debated with one another who was the chief of them. 35 Then sitting down He called the Twelve, and said to them, "If any one wishes to be first, he must be last of all and servant of all." 36 And taking a young child He made him stand in their midst, then threw His arms round him and said, 37 "Whoever for my sake receives one such young child as this, receives me; and whoever receives me, receives not so much me as Him who sent me." 38 "Rabbi," said John to Him, "we saw a man making use of your name to expel demons, and we tried to hinder him, on the ground that he did not follow us." 39 "You should not have tried to hinder him," replied Jesus, "for there is no one who will use my name to perform a miracle and be able the next minute to speak evil of me. 40 He who is not against us is for us; 41 and whoever gives you a cup of water to drink because you belong to Christ, I solemnly tell you that he will certainly not lose his reward. 42 "And whoever shall occasion the fall of one of these little ones who believe, he would be better off if, with a millstone round his neck, he were lying at the bottom of the sea. 43 If your hand should cause you to sin, cut it off: it would be better for you to enter into Life maimed, than remain in possession of both your hands and go away into Gehenna, into the fire which cannot be put out. 44 [] 45 Or if your foot should cause you to sin, cut it off: it would be better for you to enter into Life crippled, than remain in possession of both your feet and be thrown into Gehenna. 46 [] 47 Or if your eye should cause you to sin, tear it out. It would be better for you to enter into the Kingdom of God half-blind than remain in possession of two eyes and be thrown into Gehenna, 48 where their worm does not die and the fire does not go out. 49 Every one, however, will be salted with fire. 50 Salt is a good thing, but if the salt should become tasteless, what will you use to give it saltness? Have salt within you and live at peace with one another."

Chapter 10

1 Soon on His feet once more, He enters the district of Judaea and crosses the Jordan: again the people flock to Him, and ere long, as was usual with Him, He was teaching them once more. 2 Presently a party of Pharisees come to Him with the question--seeking to entrap Him, "May a man divorce his wife?" 3 "What rule did Moses lay down for you?" He answered. 4 "Moses," they said, "permitted a man to draw up a written notice of divorce, and to send his wife away." 5 "It was in consideration of your stubborn hearts," said Jesus, "that Moses enacted this law for you; 6 but from the beginning of the creation the rule was, `Male and female did God make them. 7 For this reason a man shall leave his father and his mother, and shall cling to his wife, 8 and the two shall be one'; so that they are two no longer, but `one.' 9 What, therefore, God has joined together let not man separate." 10 Indoors the disciples began questioning Jesus again on the same subject. 11 He replied, "Whoever divorces his wife and marries another woman, commits adultery against the first wife; 12 and if a woman puts away her husband and marries another man, she commits adultery." 13 One day people were bringing young children to Jesus for Him to touch them, but the disciples interfered. 14 Jesus, however, on seeing this, was moved to indignation, and said to them, "Let the little children come to me: do not hinder them; for to those who are childlike the Kingdom of God belongs. 15 In solemn truth I tell you that no one who does not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child will by any possibility enter it." 16 Then He took them in His arms and blessed them lovingly, one by one, laying His hands upon them. 17 As He went out to resume His journey, there came a man running up to Him, who knelt at His feet and asked, "Good Rabbi, what am I to do in order to inherit the Life of the Ages?" 18 "Why do you call me good?" asked Jesus in reply; "there is no one truly good except One--that is, God. 19 You know the Commandments--`Do not murder;' `Do not commit adultery;' `Do not steal;' `Do not lie in giving evidence;' `Do not defraud;' `Honour thy father and thy mother.'" 20 "Rabbi," he replied, "all these Commandments I have carefully obeyed from my youth." 21 Then Jesus looked at him and loved him, and said, "One thing is lacking in you: go, sell all you possess and give the proceeds to the poor, and you shall have riches in Heaven; and come and be a follower of mine." 22 At these words his brow darkened, and he went away sad; for he was possessed of great wealth. 23 Then looking round on His disciples Jesus said, "With how hard a struggle will the possessors of riches enter the Kingdom of God!" 24 The disciples were amazed at His words. Jesus, however, said again, "Children, how hard a struggle is it for those who trust in riches to enter the Kingdom of God! 25 It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God." 26 They were astonished beyond measure, and said to one another, "Who then can be saved?" 27 Jesus looking on them said, "With men it is impossible, but not with God; for everything is possible with God." 28 "Remember," said Peter to Him, "that we forsook everything and have become your followers." 29 "In solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that there is no one who has forsaken house or brothers or sisters, or mother or father, or children or lands, for my sake and for the sake of the Good News, 30 but will receive a hundred times as much now in this present life--houses, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, lands--and persecution with them--and in the coming age the Life of the Ages. 31 But many who are now first will be last, and the last, first." 32 They were still on the road going up to Jerusalem, and Jesus was walking ahead of them; they were full of wonder, and some, though they followed, did so with fear. Then, once more calling to Him the Twelve, He began to tell them what was about to happen to Him. 33 "See," He said, "we are going up to Jerusalem, where the Son of Man will be betrayed to the High Priests and the Scribes. They will condemn Him to death, and will hand Him over to the Gentiles; 34 they will insult Him in cruel sport, spit on Him, scourge Him, and put Him to death; but on the third day He will rise to life again." 35 Then James and John, the sons of Zabdi, came up to Him and said, "Rabbi, we wish you would grant us whatever request we make of you." 36 "What would you have me do for you?" He asked. 37 "Allow us," they replied, "to sit one at your right hand and the other at your left hand, in your glory." 38 "You know not," said He, "what you are asking. Are you able to drink out of the cup from which I am to drink, or to be baptized with the baptism with which I am to be baptized?" 39 "We are able," they replied. "Out of the cup," said Jesus, "from which I am to drink you shall drink, and with the baptism with which I am to be baptized you shall be baptized; 40 but as to sitting at my right hand or at my left, that is not mine to give: it will be for those for whom it is reserved." 41 The other ten, hearing of it, were at first highly indignant with James and John. 42 Jesus, however, called them to Him and said to them, "You are aware how those who are deemed rulers among the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men make them feel their authority; 43 but it is not to be so among you. No, whoever desires to be great among you must be your servant; 44 and whoever desires to be first among you must be the bondservant of all. 45 For the Son of Man also did not come to be waited upon, but to wait on others, and to give His life as the redemption-price for a multitude of people." 46 They came to Jericho; and as He was leaving that town--Himself and His disciples and a great crowd--Bartimaeus (the son of Timaeus), a blind beggar, was sitting by the way-side. 47 Hearing that it was Jesus the Nazarene, he began to cry out, "Son of David, Jesus, have pity on me." 48 Many angrily told him to leave off shouting; but he only cried out all the louder, "Son of David, have pity on me." 49 Then Jesus stood still. "Call him," He said. So they called the blind man. "Cheer up," they said; "rise, he is calling you." 50 The man flung away his outer garment, sprang to his feet, and came to Jesus. 51 "What shall I do for you?" said Jesus. "Rabboni," replied the blind man, "let me recover my sight." 52 "Go," said Jesus, "your faith has cured you." Instantly he regained his sight, and followed Him along the road.

Chapter 11

1 When they were getting near Jerusalem and had arrived at Bethphage and Bethany, on the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples on in front, with these instructions. 2 "Go," He said, "to the village facing you, and immediately on entering it you will find an ass's foal tied up which no one has ever yet ridden: untie him and bring him here. 3 And if any one asks you, `Why are you doing that?' say, `The Master needs it, and will send it back here without delay.'" 4 So they went and found a young ass tied up at the front door of a house. They were untying it, 5 when some of the bystanders called out, "What are you doing, untying the foal?" 6 But on their giving the answer that Jesus had bidden them give, they let them take it. 7 So they brought the foal to Jesus, and threw their outer garments over him; and Jesus mounted. 8 Then many spread their outer garments to carpet the road, and others leafy branches which they had cut down in the fields; 9 while those who led the way and those who followed kept shouting "God save Him!" Blessed be He who comes in the Lord's name. 10 Blessings on the coming Kingdom of our forefather David! God in the highest Heavens save Him!" 11 So He came into Jerusalem and into the Temple; and after looking round upon everything there, the hour being now late He went out to Bethany with the Twelve. 12 The next day, after they had left Bethany, He was hungry. 13 But in the distance He saw a fig-tree in full leaf, and went to see whether perhaps He could find some figs on it. When however He came to it, He found nothing but leaves (for it was not fig time); 14 and He said to the tree, "Let no one ever again eat fruit from thee!" And His disciples heard this. 15 They reached Jerusalem, and entering the Temple He began to drive out the buyers and sellers, and upset the money-changers' tables and the stools of the pigeon-dealers, 16 and would not allow any one to carry anything through the Temple. 17 And He remonstrated with them. "Is it not written," He said, "`My House shall be called The House of Prayer for all the nations?' But you have made it what it now is--a robbers' cave." 18 This the High Priests and Scribes heard, and they began to devise means to destroy Him. For they were afraid of Him, because of the deep impression produced on all the people by His teaching. 19 When evening came on, Jesus and His disciples used to leave the city. 20 In the early morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig-tree withered to the roots; 21 and Peter, recollecting, said to Him, "Look, Rabbi, the fig-tree which you cursed is withered up." 22 Jesus said to them, "Have faith in God. 23 In solemn truth I tell you that if any one shall say to this mountain, `Remove, and hurl thyself into the sea,' and has no doubt about it in his heart, but stedfastly believes that what he says will happen, it shall be granted him. 24 That is why I tell you, as to whatever you pray and make request for, if you believe that you have received it it shall be yours. 25 But whenever you stand praying, if you have a grievance against any one, forgive it, so that your Father in Heaven may also forgive you your offences." 26 [] 27 They came again to Jerusalem; and as He was walking in the Temple, the High Priests, Scribes and Elders came to Him 28 and asked, "By what authority are you doing these things? and who gave you authority to do them?" 29 "And I will put a question to you," replied Jesus; "answer me, and then I will tell you by what authority I do these things. 30 John's Baptism--was it of Heavenly or of human origin? Answer me." 31 So they debated the matter with one another. "Suppose we say, `Heavenly,'" they argued, "he will ask, `Why then did you not believe him?' 32 Or should we say, `human?'" They were afraid of the people; for all agreed in holding John to have been really a Prophet. 33 So they answered Jesus, "We do not know." "Nor do I tell you," said Jesus, "by what authority I do these things."

Chapter 12

1 Then He began to speak to them in figurative language. "There was once a man," He said, "who planted a vineyard, fenced it round, dug a pit for the wine-tank, and built a strong lodge. Then he let the place to vine-dressers and went abroad. 2 At vintage-time he sent one of his servants to receive from the vine-dressers a share of the grapes. 3 But they seized him, beat him cruelly and sent him away empty-handed. 4 Again he sent to them another servant: and as for him, they wounded him in the head and treated him shamefully. 5 Yet a third he sent, and him they killed. And he sent many besides, and them also they ill-treated, beating some and killing others. 6 He had still one left whom he could send, a dearly-loved son: him last of all he sent, saying, "`They will treat my son with respect.' 7 "But those men--the vine-dressers--said to one another, "`Here is the heir: come, let us kill him, and then the property will one day be ours.' 8 "So they took him and killed him, and flung his body outside the vineyard. 9 What, therefore, will the owner of the vineyard do?" "He will come and put the vine-dressers to death," they said; "and will give the vineyard to others." 10 "Have you not read even this passage," He added, "`The stone which the builders rejected has become the Cornerstone: 11 this Cornerstone came from the Lord, and is wonderful in our esteem?'" 12 And they kept looking out for an opportunity to seize Him, but were afraid of the people; for they saw that in this parable He had referred to them. So they left Him and went away. 13 Their next step was to send to Him some of the Pharisees and of Herod's partisans to entrap Him in conversation. 14 So they came to Him. "Rabbi," they said, "we know that you are a truthful man and you do not fear any one; for you do not recognize human distinctions, but teach God's way truly. Is it allowable to pay poll-tax to Caesar, or not? 15 Shall we pay, or shall we refuse to pay?" But He, knowing their hypocrisy, replied, "Why try to ensnare me? Bring me a shilling for me to look at." 16 They brought one; and He asked them, "Whose is this likeness and this inscription?" "Caesar's," they replied. 17 "What is Caesar's," replied Jesus, "pay to Caesar--and what is God's, pay to God." And they wondered exceedingly at Him. 18 Then came to Him a party of Sadducees, a sect which denies that there is any Resurrection; and they proceeded to question Him. 19 "Rabbi," they said, "Moses made it a law for us: `If a man's brother should die and leave a wife, but no child, the man shall marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother.' 20 There were once seven brothers, the eldest of whom married a wife, but at his death left no family. 21 The second married her, and died, leaving no family; and the third did the same. 22 And so did the rest of the seven, all dying childless. Finally the woman also died. 23 At the Resurrection whose wife will she be? For they all seven married her." 24 "Is not this the cause of your error," replied Jesus--"your ignorance alike of the Scriptures and of the power of God? 25 For when they have risen from among the dead, men do not marry and women are not given in marriage, but they are as angels are in Heaven. 26 But as to the dead, that they rise to life, have you never read in the Book of Moses, in the passage about the Bush, how God said to him, `I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?' 27 He is not the God of dead, but of living men. You are in grave error." 28 Then one of the Scribes, who had heard them disputing and well knew that Jesus had given them an answer to the point, and a forcible one, came forward and asked Him, "Which is the chief of all the Commandments?" 29 "The chief Commandment," replied Jesus, "is this: `Hear, O Israel! The Lord our God is one Lord; 30 and thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, thy whole soul, thy whole mind, and thy whole strength.' 31 "The second is this: `Thou shalt love thy fellow man as thou lovest thyself.' "Other Commandment greater than these there is none." 32 So the Scribe said to Him, "Rightly, in very truth, Rabbi, have you said that He stands alone, and there is none but He; 33 and To love Him with all one's heart, with all one's understanding, and with all one's strength, and to love one's fellow man no less than oneself, is far better than all our whole burnt-offerings and sacrifices." 34 Perceiving that the Scribe had answered wisely Jesus said to him, "You are not far from the Kingdom of God." No one from that time forward ventured to put any question to Him. 35 But, while teaching in the Temple, Jesus asked, "How is it the Scribes say that the Christ is a son of David? 36 David himself said, taught by the Holy Spirit, "`The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand, until I have made thy foes a footstool under thy feet.' 37 "David himself calls Him `Lord:' how then can He be his son?" And the mass of people found pleasure in listening to Jesus. 38 Moreover in the course of His teaching He said, "Be on your guard against the Scribes who like to walk about in long robes and to be bowed to in places of public resort, 39 and to occupy the best seats in the synagogues and at dinner parties, 40 and who swallow up the property of widows and then mask their wickedness by making long prayers: these men will receive far heavier punishment." 41 Having taken a seat opposite the Treasury, He observed how the people were dropping money into the Treasury, and that many of the wealthy threw in large sums. 42 But there came one poor widow and dropped in two farthings, equal in value to a halfpenny. 43 So He called His disciples to Him and said, "In solemn truth I tell you that this widow, poor as she is, has thrown in more than all the other contributors to the Treasury; 44 for they have all contributed out of what they could well spare, but she out of her need has thrown in all she possessed--all she had to live on."

Chapter 13

1 As He was leaving the Temple, one of His disciples exclaimed, "Look, Rabbi, what wonderful stones! what wonderful buildings!" 2 "You see all these great buildings?" Jesus replied; "not one stone will be left here upon another--not thrown down." 3 He was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite to the Temple, when Peter, James, John, and Andrew, apart from the others asked Him, 4 "Tell us, When will these things be? and what will be the sign when all these predictions are on the point of being fulfilled?" 5 So Jesus began to say to them: "Take care that no one misleads you. 6 Many will come assuming my name and saying, `I am He;' and they will mislead many. 7 But when you hear of wars and rumours of wars, do not be alarmed: come they must, but the End is not yet. 8 For nation will rise in arms against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places; there will be famines. These miseries are but like the early pains of childbirth. 9 "You yourselves must be on your guard. They will deliver you up to Sanhedrins; you will be brought into synagogues and cruelly beaten; and you will stand before governors and kings for my sake, to be witnesses to them for me. 10 But the proclamation of the Good News must be carried to all the Gentiles before the End comes. 11 When however they are marching you along under arrest, do not be anxious beforehand about what you are to say, but speak what is given you when the time comes; for it will not be you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 12 "Brother will betray brother to be killed, and fathers will betray children; and children will rise against their parents and have them put to death. 13 You will be objects of universal hatred because you are called by my name, but those who stand firm to the End will be saved. 14 "As soon, however, as you see the Abomination of Desolation standing where he ought not" --let the reader observe these words--"then let those in Judaea escape to the hills; 15 let him who is on the roof not come down and enter the house to fetch anything out of it; 16 and let not him who is in the field turn back to pick up his outer garment. 17 And alas for the women who at that time are with child or have infants! 18 "But pray that it may not come in the winter. 19 For those will be times of suffering the like of which has never been from the first creation of God's world until now, and assuredly never will be again; 20 and but for the fact that the Lord has cut short those days, no one would escape; but for the sake of His own People whom He has chosen for Himself He has cut short the days. 21 "At that time if any one says to you, `See, here is the Christ!' or `See, He is there!' do not believe it. 22 For there will rise up false Christs and false prophets, displaying signs and prodigies with a view to lead astray--if indeed that were possible--even God's own People. 23 But as for yourselves, be on your guard: I have forewarned you of everything. 24 "At that time, however, after that distress, the sun will be darkened and the moon will not shed her light; 25 the stars will be seen falling from the firmament, and the forces which are in the heavens will be disordered and disturbed. 26 And then will they see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. 27 Then He will send forth the angels and gather together His chosen People from north, south, east and west, from the remotest parts of the earth and the sky. 28 "Learn from the fig-tree the lesson it teaches. As soon as its branch has become soft and it is bursting into leaf, you know that summer is near. 29 So also do you, when you see these things happening, be sure that He is near, at your very door. 30 I tell you in solemn truth that the present generation will certainly not pass away without all these things having first taken place. 31 Earth and sky will pass away, but it is certain that my words will not pass away. 32 "But as to that day or the exact time no one knows--not even the angels in Heaven, nor the Son, but the Father alone. 33 Take care, be on the alert, and pray; for you do not know when it will happen. 34 It is like a man living abroad who has left his house, and given the management to his servants--to each one his special duty--and has ordered the porter to keep awake. 35 Be wakeful therefore, for you know not when the master of the house is coming--in the evening, at midnight, at cock-crow, or at dawn. 36 Beware lest He should arrive unexpectedly and find you asleep. 37 Moreover, what I say to you I say to all--Be wakeful!"

Chapter 14

1 It was now two days before the Passover and the feast of Unleavened Bread, and the High Priests and Scribes were bent on finding how to seize Him by stratagem and put Him to death. 2 But they said, "Not on the Festival-day, for fear there should be a riot among the people." 3 Now when He was at Bethany, in the house of Simon the Leper, while He was at table, there came a woman with a jar of pure, sweet-scented ointment very costly: she broke the jar and poured the ointment over His head. 4 But there were some who said indignantly among themselves, "Why has the ointment been thus wasted? 5 For that ointment might have been sold for fifteen pounds or more, and the money have been given to the poor." And they were exceedingly angry with her. 6 But Jesus said, "Leave her alone: why are you troubling her? She has done a most gracious act towards me. 7 For you always have the poor among you, and whenever you choose you can do acts of kindness to them; but me you have not always. 8 What she could she did: she has perfumed my body in preparation for my burial. 9 And I solemnly tell you that wherever in the whole world the Good News shall be proclaimed, this which she has done shall also be told in remembrance of her." 10 But Judas Iscariot, already mentioned as one of the Twelve, went to the High Priests to betray Jesus to them. 11 They gladly listened to his proposal, and promised to give him a sum of money. So he looked out for an opportunity to betray Him. 12 On the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread--the day for killing the Passover lamb--His disciples asked Him, "Where shall we go and prepare for you to eat the Passover?" 13 So He sent two of His disciples with instructions, saying, "Go into the city, and you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water: follow him, 14 and whatever house he enters, tell the master of the house, `The Rabbi asks, Where is my room where I can eat the Passover with my disciples?' 15 Then he will himself show you a large room upstairs, ready furnished: there make preparation for us." 16 So the disciples went out and came to the city, and found everything just as He had told them; and they got the Passover ready. 17 When it was evening, He came with the Twelve. 18 And while they were at table Jesus said, "I solemnly tell you that one of you will betray me--one who is eating with me." 19 They were filled with sorrow, and began asking Him, one by one, "Not I, is it?" 20 "It is one of the Twelve," He replied; "he who is dipping his fingers in the dish with me. 21 For the Son of Man is going His way as it is written about Him; but alas for the man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It had been a happy thing for that man, had he never been born." 22 Also during the meal He took a Passover biscuit, blessed it, and broke it. He then gave it to them, saying, "Take this, it is my body." 23 Then He took the cup, gave thanks, and handed it to them, and they all of them drank from it. 24 "This is my blood," He said, "which is to be poured out on behalf of many--the blood which makes the Covenant sure. 25 I solemnly tell you that never again will I taste the produce of the vine till I shall drink the new wine in the Kingdom of God." 26 After singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 27 Then said Jesus to them, "All of you are about to stumble and fall, for it is written, `I will strike down the Shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered in all directions.' 28 But after I have risen to life again I will go before you into Galilee." 29 "All may stumble and fall," said Peter, "yet I never will." 30 "I solemnly tell you," replied Jesus, "that to-day--this night--before the cock crows twice, you yourself will three times disown me." 31 "Even if I must die with you," declared Peter again and again, "I will never disown you." In like manner protested also all the disciples. 32 So they came to a place called Gethsemane. There He said to His disciples, "Sit down here till I have prayed." 33 Then He took with Him Peter and James and John, and began to be full of terror and distress, 34 and He said to them, "My heart is oppressed with anguish to the very point of death: wait here and keep awake." 35 Going forward a short distance He threw Himself upon His face and prayed repeatedly that, if it was possible, He might be spared that time of agony; 36 and He said, "Abba! my Father! all things are possible for Thee: take this cup of suffering away from me: and yet not what I desire, but what Thou desirest." 37 Then He came and found them asleep, and He said to Peter, "Simon, are you asleep? Had you not strength to keep awake a single hour? 38 Be wakeful, all of you, and keep on praying, that you may not come into temptation: the spirit is right willing, but the body is frail." 39 He again went away and prayed, using the very same words. 40 When He returned He again found them asleep, for they were very tired; and they knew not how to answer Him. 41 A third time He came, and then He said, "Sleep on and rest. Enough! the hour has come. Even now they are betraying the Son of Man into the hands of sinful men. 42 Rouse yourselves, let us be going: my betrayer is close at hand." 43 Immediately, while He was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, came and with him a crowd of men armed with swords and cudgels, sent by the High Priests and Scribes and Elders. 44 Now the betrayer had arranged a signal with them. "The one I kiss," he said, "is the man: lay hold of him, and take him safely away." 45 So he came, and going straight to Jesus he said, "Rabbi!" and kissed Him with seeming affection; 46 whereupon they laid hands on Him and held Him firmly. 47 But one of those who stood by drew his sword and struck a blow at the High Priest's servant, cutting off his ear. 48 "Have you come out," said Jesus, "with swords and cudgels to arrest me, as if you had to fight with a robber? 49 Day after day I used to be among you in the Temple teaching, and you never seized me. But this is happening in order that the Scriptures may be fulfilled.' 50 Then His friends all forsook Him and fled. 51 One youth indeed did follow Him, wearing only a linen cloth round his bare body. Of him they laid hold, 52 but he left the linen cloth in their hands and fled without it. 53 So they led Jesus away to the High Priest, and with him there assembled all the High Priests, Elders, and Scribes. 54 Peter followed Jesus at a distance, as far as the outer court of the High Priest's palace. But there he remained sitting among the officers, and warming himself by the fire. 55 Meanwhile the High Priests and the entire Sanhedrin were endeavouring to get evidence against Jesus in order to put Him to death, but could find none; 56 for though many gave false testimony against Him, their statements did not tally. 57 Then some came forward as witnesses and falsely declared, 58 "We have heard him say, `I will pull down this Sanctuary built by human hands, and three days afterwards I will erect another built without hands.'" 59 But not even in this shape was their testimony consistent. 60 At last the High Priest stood up, and advancing into the midst of them all, asked Jesus, "Have you no answer to make? What is the meaning of all this that these witnesses allege against you?" 61 But He remained silent, and gave no reply. A second time the High Priest questioned Him. "Are you the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?" he said. 62 "I am," replied Jesus, "and you and others will see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the divine Power, and coming amid the clouds of the sky." 63 Rending his garments the High Priest exclaimed, "What need have we of witnesses after that? 64 You all heard his impious words. What is your judgement?" Then with one voice they condemned Him as deserving of death. 65 Thereupon some began to spit on Him, and to blindfold Him, while striking Him with their fists and crying, "Prove that you are a prophet." The officers too struck Him with open hands as they took Him in charge. 66 Now while Peter was below in the quadrangle, one of the High Priest's maidservants came, 67 and seeing Peter warming himself she looked at him and said, "You also were with Jesus, the Nazarene." 68 But he denied it, and said, "I don't know--I don't understand--What do you mean?" And then he went out into the outer court. Just then a cock crowed. 69 Again the maidservant saw him, and again began to say to the people standing by, "He is one of them." 70 A second time he repeatedly denied it. Soon afterwards the bystanders again accused Peter, saying, "You are surely one of them, for you too are a Galilaean." 71 But he broke out into curses and oaths, declaring, "I know nothing of the man you are talking about." 72 No sooner had he spoken than a cock crowed for the second time, and Peter recollected the words of Jesus, "Before the cock crows twice, you will three times disown me." And as he thought of it, he wept aloud.

Chapter 15

1 At earliest dawn, after the High Priests had held a consultation with the Elders and Scribes, they and the entire Sanhedrin bound Jesus and took Him away and handed Him over to Pilate. 2 So Pilate questioned Him. "Are you the King of the Jews?" he asked. "I am," replied Jesus. 3 Then, as the High Priests went on heaping accusations on Him, 4 Pilate again and again asked Him, "Do you make no reply? Listen to the many charges they are bringing against you." 5 But Jesus made no further answer: so that Pilate wondered. 6 Now at the Festival it was customary for Pilate to release to the Jews any one prisoner whom they might beg off from punishment; 7 and at this time a man named Barabbas was in prison among the insurgents--persons who in the insurrection had committed murder. 8 So the people came crowding up, asking Pilate to grant them the usual favour. 9 "Shall I release for you the King of the Jews?" answered Pilate. 10 For he could see that it was out of sheer spite that the High Priests had handed Him over. 11 But the High Priests urged on the crowd to obtain Barabbas's release in preference; 12 and when Pilate again asked them, "What then shall I do to the man you call King of the Jews?" 13 they once more shouted out, "Crucify Him!" 14 "Why, what crime has he committed?" asked Pilate. But they vehemently shouted, "Crucify Him!" 15 So Pilate, wishing to satisfy the mob, released Barabbas for them, and after scourging Jesus handed Him over for crucifixion. 16 Then the soldiers led Him away into the court of the Palace (the Praetorium), and calling together the whole battalion 17 they arrayed Him in crimson, placed on His head a wreath of thorny twigs which they had twisted, 18 and went on to salute Him with shouts of "Long live the King of the Jews." 19 Then they began to beat Him on the head with a cane, to spit on Him, and to do Him homage on bended knees. 20 At last, having finished their sport, they took the robe off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him out to crucify Him. 21 One Simon, a Cyrenaean, the father of Alexander and Rufus, was passing along, coming from the country: him they compelled to carry His cross. 22 So they brought Him to the place called Golgotha, which, being translated, means `Skull-ground.' 23 Here they offered Him wine mixed with myrrh; but He refused it. 24 Then they crucified Him. This done, they divided His garments among them, drawing lots to decide what each should take. 25 It was nine o'clock in the morning when they crucified Him. 26 Over His head was the notice in writing of the charge against Him: THE KING OF THE JEWS. 27 And together with Jesus they crucified two robbers, one at His right hand and one at His left. 28 [] 29 And all the passers-by reviled Him. They shook their heads at Him and said, "Ah! you who were for destroying the Sanctuary and building a new one in three days, 30 come down from the cross and save yourself." 31 In the same way the High Priests also, as well as the Scribes, kept on scoffing at Him, saying to one another, "He has saved others: himself he cannot save! 32 This Christ, the King of Israel, let him come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe." Even the men who were being crucified with Him heaped insults on Him. 33 At noon there came a darkness over the whole land, lasting till three o'clock in the afternoon. 34 But at three o'clock Jesus cried out with a loud voice, "Elohi, Elohi, lama sabachthani?" which means, "My God, My God, why hast Thou forsaken me?" 35 Some of the bystanders, hearing Him, said, "Listen, he is calling for Elijah!" 36 Then a man ran to fill a sponge with sour wine, and he put it on the end of a cane and placed it to His lips, saying at the same time, "Wait! let us see whether Elijah will come and take him down." 37 But Jesus uttered a loud cry and yielded up His spirit. 38 And the curtain in the Sanctuary was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39 And when the Centurion who stood in front of the cross saw that He was dead, he exclaimed, "This man was indeed God's Son." 40 There were also a party of women looking on from a distance; among them being both Mary of Magdala and Mary the mother of James the Little and of Joses, and Salome-- 41 all of whom in the Galilaean days had habitually been with Him and cared for Him, as well as many other women who had come up to Jerusalem with Him. 42 Towards sunset, as it was the Preparation--that is, the day preceding the Sabbath-- 43 Joseph of Arimathaea came, a highly respected member of the Council, who himself also was living in expectation of the Kingdom of God. He summoned up courage to go in to see Pilate and beg for the body of Jesus. 44 But Pilate could hardly believe that He was already dead. He called, however, for the Centurion and inquired whether He had been long dead; 45 and having ascertained the fact he granted the body to Joseph. 46 He, having bought a sheet of linen, took Him down, wrapped Him in the sheet and laid Him in a tomb hewn in the rock; after which he rolled a stone against the entrance to the tomb. 47 Mary of Magdala and Mary the mother of Joses were looking on to see where He was put.

Chapter 16

1 When the Sabbath was over, Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, in order to come and anoint His body. 2 So, very soon after sunrise on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb; 3 and they were saying to one another, `Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance to the tomb?" 4 But then, looking up, they saw that the stone was already rolled back: for it was of immense size. 5 Upon entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting at their right hand, clothed in a long white robe. They were astonished and terrified. 6 But he said to them, "Do not be terrified. It is Jesus you are looking for--the Nazarene who has been crucified. He has come back to life: He is not here: this is the place where they laid Him. 7 But go and tell His disciples and Peter that He is going before you into Galilee: and that there you will see Him, as He told you." 8 So they came out, and fled from the tomb, for they were greatly agitated and surprised; and they said not a word to any one, for they were afraid. 9 [But He rose to life early on the first day of the week, and appeared first to Mary of Magdala from whom He had expelled seven demons. 10 She went and brought the tidings to those who had been with Him, as they were mourning and weeping. 11 But they, when they were told that He was alive and that she had seen Him, could not believe it. 12 Afterwards He showed Himself in another form to two of them as they were walking, on their way into the country. 13 These, again, went and told the news to the rest; but not even them did they believe. 14 Later still He showed Himself to the Eleven themselves whilst they were at table, and He upbraided them with their unbelief and obstinacy in not having believed those who had seen Him alive. 15 Then He said to them, "Go the whole world over, and proclaim the Good News to all mankind. 16 He who believes and is baptized shall be saved, but he who disbelieves will be condemned. 17 And signs shall attend those who believe, even such as these. By making use of my name they shall expel demons. They shall speak new languages. 18 They shall take up venomous snakes, and if they drink any deadly poison it shall do them no harm whatever. They shall lay their hands on the sick, and the sick shall recover." 19 So the Lord Jesus after having thus spoken to them was taken up into Heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 But they went out and made proclamation everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming their Message by the signs which accompanied it.]

Luke

Chapter 1

1 Seeing that many have attempted to draw up a narrative of the facts which are received with full assurance among us 2 on the authority of those who were from the beginning eye-witnesses and were devoted to the service of the divine Message, 3 it has seemed right to me also, after careful investigation of the facts from their commencement, to write for you, most noble Theophilus, a connected account, 4 that you may fully know the truth of the things which you have been taught by word of mouth. 5 There was in the time of Herod, the king of Judaea, a priest of the name of Zechariah, belonging to the class of Abijah. He had a wife who was a descendant of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 6 They were both of them upright before God, blamelessly obeying all the Lord's precepts and ordinances. 7 But they had no child, because Elizabeth was barren; and both of them were far advanced in life. 8 Now while he was doing priestly duty before God in the prescribed course of his class, 9 it fell to his lot--according to the custom of the priesthood--to go into the Sanctuary of the Lord and burn the incense; 10 and the whole multitude of the people were outside praying, at the hour of incense. 11 Then there appeared to him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense; 12 and Zechariah on seeing him was agitated and terrified. 13 But the angel said to him, "Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your petition has been heard: and your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to call his name John. 14 Gladness and exultant joy shall be yours, and many will rejoice over his birth. 15 For he will be great in the sight of the Lord; no wine or fermented drink shall he ever drink; but he will be filled with the Holy Spirit from the very hour of his birth. 16 Many of the descendants of Israel will he turn to the Lord their God; 17 and he will be His forerunner in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn fathers' hearts to the children, and cause the rebellious to walk in the wisdom of the upright, to make a people perfectly ready for the lord." 18 "By what proof," asked Zechariah, "shall I know this? For I am an old man, and my wife is far advanced in years." 19 "I am Gabriel, who stand in the presence of God," answered the angel, "and I have been sent to talk with you and tell you this good news. 20 And now you will be dumb and unable to speak until the day when this has taken place; because you did not believe my words--words which will be fulfilled at their appointed time." 21 Meanwhile the people were waiting for Zechariah, and were surprised that he stayed so long in the Sanctuary. 22 When, however, he came out, he was unable to speak to them; and they knew that he must have seen a vision in the Sanctuary; but he kept making signs to them and continued dumb. 23 When his days of service were at an end, he went to his home; 24 and in course of time his wife Elizabeth conceived, and kept herself secluded five months. 25 "Thus has the Lord dealt with me," she said, "now that He has graciously taken away my reproach among men." 26 Now in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27 to a maiden betrothed to a man of the name of Joseph, a descendant of David. The maiden's name was Mary. 28 So Gabriel went into the house and said to her, "Joy be to you, favoured one! the Lord is with you." 29 She was greatly agitated at his words, and wondered what such a greeting meant. 30 But the angel said, "Do not be frightened, Mary, for you have found favour with God. 31 You will conceive in your womb and bear a son; and you are to call His name JESUS. 32 He will be great and He will be called `Son of the Most High.' And the Lord God will give Him the throne of His forefather David; 33 and He will be King over the House of Jacob for the Ages, and of His Kingdom there will be no end." 34 "How can this be," Mary replied, "seeing that I have no husband?" 35 The angel answered, "The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you; and for this reason your holy offspring will be called `the Son of God.' 36 And see, your relative Elizabeth--she also has conceived a son in her old age; and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. 37 For no promise from God will be impossible of fulfilment." 38 "I am the Lord's maidservant," Mary replied; "may it be with me in accordance with your words!" And then the angel left her. 39 Not long after this, Mary rose up and went in haste into the hill country to a town in Judah. 40 Here she came to the house of Zechariah and greeted Elizabeth; 41 and as soon as Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, the babe leapt within her. And Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit, 42 and uttered a loud cry of joy. "Blest among women are you," she said, "and the offspring of your body is blest! 43 But why is this honour done me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 44 For, the moment your greeting reached my ears, the babe within me leapt for joy. 45 And blessed is she who has believed, for the word spoken to her from the Lord shall be fulfilled." 46 Then Mary said: "My soul extols the Lord, 47 And my spirit triumphs in God my Saviour; 48 Because He has not turned from His maidservant in her lowly position; For from this time forward all generations will account me happy, 49 Because the mighty One has done great things for me--Holy is His name!-- 50 And His compassion is, generation after generation, Upon those who fear Him. 51 He has manifested His supreme strength. He has scattered those who were haughty in the thoughts of their hearts. 52 He has cast monarchs down from their thrones, And exalted men of low estate. 53 The hungry He has satisfied with choice gifts, But the rich He has sent empty-handed away. 54 His servant Israel He has helped, Remembering His compassion-- 55 In fulfillment of His promises to our forefathers--For Abraham and his posterity for ever." 56 So Mary stayed with Elizabeth about three months, and then returned home. 57 Now when Elizabeth's full time was come, she gave birth to a son; 58 and her neighbours and relatives heard how the Lord had had great compassion on her; and they rejoiced with her. 59 And on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and were going to call him Zechariah, after his father. 60 His mother, however, said, "No, he is to be called John." 61 "There is not one of your family," they said, "who has that name." 62 They asked his father by signs what he wished him to be called. 63 So he asked for a writing-tablet, and wrote, "His name is John." And they all wondered. 64 Instantly his mouth and his tongue were set free, and he began to speak and bless God. 65 And all who lived round about them were filled with awe, and throughout the hill country of Judaea reports of all these things were spread abroad. 66 All who heard the story treasured it in their memories. "What then will this child be?" they said. For the lord's hand was indeed with him. 67 And Zechariah his father was filled with the Holy Spirit, and spoke in a rapture of praise. 68 "Blessed be the Lord, the God of Israel," he said, "Because He has not forgotten His people but has effected redemption for them, 69 And has raised up a mighty Deliverer for us In the house of David His servant-- 70 As He has spoken from all time by the lips of His holy Prophets-- 71 To deliver us from our foes and from the power of all who hate us. 72 He dealt pitifully with our forefathers, And remembered His holy covenant, 73 The oath which He swore to Abraham our forefather, 74 To grant us to be rescued from the power of our foes And so render worship to Him free from fear, 75 In piety and uprightness before Him all our days. 76 And you moreover, O child, shall be called Prophet of the Most High; For you shall go on in front before the Lord to prepare the way for Him, 77 To give to His People a knowledge of salvation In the forgiveness of their sins, 78 Through the tender compassion of our God, Through which the daybreak from on high will come to us, 79 Dawning on those who now dwell in the darkness and shadow of death--To direct our feet into the path of peace." 80 And the child grew and became strong in character, and lived in the Desert till the time came for him to appear publicly to Israel.

Chapter 2

1 Just at this time an edict was issued by Caesar Augustus for the registration of the whole Empire. 2 It was the first registration made during the governorship of Quirinius in Syria; 3 and all went to be registered--every one to the town to which he belonged. 4 So Joseph went up from Galilee, from the town of Nazareth, to Judaea, to David's town of Bethlehem, because he was of the house and lineage of David, 5 to have himself registered together with Mary, who was betrothed to him and was with child. 6 But while they were there, her full time came, 7 and she gave birth to her first-born son, and wrapped Him round, and laid Him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn. 8 Now there were shepherds in the same part of the country, keeping watch over their sheep by night in the open fields, 9 when suddenly an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone round them; and they were filled with terror. 10 But the angel said to them, "Put away all fear; for I am bringing you good news of great joy--joy for all the People. 11 For a Saviour who is the Anointed Lord is born to you to-day, in the town of David. 12 And this is the token for you: you will find a babe wrapped in swaddling clothes and lying in a manger." 13 And immediately there was with the angel a multitude of the army of Heaven praising God and saying, 14 "Glory be to God in the highest Heavens, And on earth peace among men who please Him!" 15 Then, as soon as the angels had left them and returned to Heaven, the shepherds said to one another, "Let us now go over as far as Bethlehem and see this that has happened, which the Lord has made known to us." 16 So they made haste and came and found Mary and Joseph, with the babe lying in the manger. 17 And when they saw the child, they told what had been said to them about Him; 18 and all who listened were astonished at what the shepherds told them. 19 But Mary treasured up all these things, often dwelling on them in her mind. 20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all that they had heard and seen in accordance with the announcement made to them. 21 When eight days had passed and the time for circumcising Him had come, He was called JESUS, the name given Him by the angel before His conception in the womb. 22 And when the days for their purification appointed by the Law of Moses had passed, they took Him up to Jerusalem to present Him to the Lord-- 23 as it is written in the Law of the Lord: "Every first-born male shall be called holy to the Lord." 23 During the passage He fell asleep, and there came down a squall of wind on the Lake, so that the boat began to fill and they were in deadly peril. 24 And they also offered a sacrifice as commanded in the Law of the Lord, "a pair of turtle doves or two young pigeons." 25 Now there was a man in Jerusalem of the name of Symeon, an upright and God-fearing man, who was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him. 26 To him it had been revealed by the Holy Spirit that he should not see death until he had seen the Lord's Anointed One. 27 Led by the Spirit he came to the Temple; and when the parents brought in the child Jesus to do with regard to Him according to the custom of the Law, 28 he took Him up in his arms and blessed God and said, 29 "Now, O Sovereign Lord, Thou dost send Thy servant away in peace, in fulfilment of Thy word, 30 Because mine eyes have seen Thy salvation, 31 Which Thou hast made ready in the sight of all nations-- 32 A light to shine upon the Gentiles, And the glory of Thy people Israel." 33 And while the child's father and mother were wondering at the words of Symeon concerning Him, 34 Symeon blessed them and said to Mary the mother, "This child is appointed for the falling and the uprising of many in Israel and for a token to be spoken against; 35 and a sword will pierce through your own soul also; that the reasonings in many hearts may be revealed." 36 There was also Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, belonging to the tribe of Asher. She was of a very great age, having had after her maidenhood seven years of married life, 37 and then being a widow of eighty-four years. She was never absent from the Temple, but worshipped, by day and by night, with fasting and prayer. 38 And coming up just at that moment, she gave thanks to God, and spoke about the child to all who were expecting the deliverance of Jerusalem. 39 Then, as soon as they had accomplished all that the Law required, they returned to Galilee to their own town of Nazareth. 40 And the child grew and became strong and full of wisdom, and the favour of God rested upon Him. 41 Now His parents used to go up year by year to Jerusalem at the Feast of the Passover. 42 And when He was twelve years old they went up as was customary at the time of the Feast, and, 43 after staying the full number of days, when they started back home the boy Jesus remained behind in Jerusalem. His parents did not discover this, 44 but supposing Him to be in the travelling company, they proceeded a day's journey. Then they searched up and down for Him among their relatives and acquaintances; 45 but being unable to find Him they returned to Jerusalem, making anxious inquiry for Him. 46 On the third day they found Him in the Temple sitting among the Rabbis, both listening to them and asking them questions, 47 while all who heard Him were astonished at His intelligence and at the answers He gave. 48 When they saw Him, they were smitten with amazement, and His mother said to Him, "My child, why have you behaved thus to us? Your father and I have been searching for you in anguish." 49 "Why is it that you have been searching for me?" He replied; "did you not know that it is my duty to be engaged upon my Father's business?" 50 But they did not understand the significance of these words. 51 Then He went down with them and came to Nazareth, and was always obedient to them; but His mother carefully treasured up all these incidents in her memory. 52 And as Jesus grew older He gained in both wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man.

Chapter 3

1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being Governor of Judaea, Herod Tetrarch of Galilee, his brother Philip Tetrarch of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias Tetrarch of Abilene, 2 during the High-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, a message from God came to John, the son of Zechariah, in the Desert. 3 John went into all the district about the Jordan proclaiming a baptism of the penitent for the forgiveness of sins; 4 as it is written in the book of the prophet Isaiah, "The voice of one crying aloud! `In the Desert prepare ye a road for the Lord: make His highway straight. 5 Every ravine shall be filled up, and every mountain and hill levelled down, the crooked places shall be turned into straight roads, and the rugged ways into smooth; 6 and then shall all mankind see God's salvation.'" 7 Accordingly John used to say to the crowds who came out to be baptized by him, "O vipers' brood, who has warned you to flee from the coming wrath? 8 Live lives which shall prove your change of heart; and do not begin to say to yourselves, `We have Abraham as our forefather,' for I tell you that God can raise up descendants for Abraham from these stones. 9 And even now the axe is lying at the root of the trees, so that every tree which fails to yield good fruit will quickly be hewn down and thrown into the fire." 10 The crowds repeatedly asked him, "What then are we to do?" 11 "Let the man who has two coats," he answered, "give one to the man who has none; and let the man who has food share it with others." 12 There came also a party of tax-gatherers to be baptized, and they asked him, "Rabbi, what are we to do?" 13 "Do not exact more than the legal amount," he replied. 14 The soldiers also once and again inquired of him, "And we, what are we to do?" His answer was, "Neither intimidate any one nor lay false charges; and be content with your pay." 15 And while the people were in suspense and all were debating in their minds whether John might possibly be the Anointed One, 16 he answered the question by saying to them all, "As for me, I am baptizing you with water, but One mightier than I is coming, whose very sandal-strap I am not worthy to unfasten: He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and with fire. 17 His winnowing-shovel is in His hand to clear out His threshing-floor, and to gather the wheat into His storehouse; but the chaff He will burn up in fire unquenchable." 18 With many exhortations besides these he declared the Good News to the people. 19 But Herod the Tetrarch, being repeatedly rebuked by him about Herodias his brother's wife, and about all the wicked deeds that he had done, 20 now added this to crown all the rest, that he threw John into prison. 21 Now when all the people had been baptized, and Jesus also had been baptized and was praying, the sky opened, 22 and the Holy Spirit came down in bodily shape, like a dove, upon Him, and a voice came from Heaven, which said, "Thou art My Son, dearly loved: in Thee is My delight." 23 And He--Jesus--when He began His ministry, was about thirty years old. He was the son (it was supposed) of Joseph, son of Heli, 24 son of Matthat, son of Levi, son of Melchi, son of Jannai, son of Joseph, 25 son of Mattathias, son of Amos, son of Nahum, son of Esli, son of Naggai, 26 son of Mahath, son of Mattathias, son of Semein, son of Josech, son of Joda, 27 son of Johanan, son of Resa, son of Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, son of Neri, 28 son of Melchi, son of Addi, son of Cosam, son of Elmadam, son of Er, 29 son of Joshua, son of Eliezar, son of Jorim, son of Maththat, son of Levi, 30 son of Symeon, son of Judah, son of Joseph, son of Jonam, son of Eliakim, son of 31 Melea, son of Menna, son of Mattatha, son of Nathan, son of David, 32 son of Jesse, son of Obed, son of Boaz, son of Salmon, son of Nahshon, 33 son of Amminadab, son of Admin, son of Arni, son of Hezron, son of Perez, son of Judah, 34 son of Jacob, son of Isaac, son of Abraham, son of Terah, son of Nahor, 35 son of Serug, son of Reu, son of Peleg, son of Eber, son of Shelah, 36 son of Cainan, son of Arpachshad, son of Shem, son of Noah, son of Lamech, 37 son of Methuselah, son of Enoch, son of Jared, son of Mahalalel, son of Kenan, 38 son of Enosh, son of Seth, son of Adam, son of God.

Chapter 4

1 Then Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led about by the Spirit in the Desert for forty days, 2 tempted all the while by the Devil. During those days He ate nothing, and at the close of them He suffered from hunger. 3 Then the Devil said to Him, "If you are God's Son, tell this stone to become bread." 4 "It is written," replied Jesus, "`It is not on bread alone that a man shall live.'" 5 The Devil next led Him up and caused Him to see at a glance all the kingdoms of the world. 6 And the Devil said to Him, "To you will I give all this authority and this splendour; for it has been handed over to me, and on whomsoever I will I bestow it. 7 If therefore you do homage to me, it shall all be yours.' 8 Jesus answered him, "It is written, `To the Lord thy God thou shalt do homage, and to Him alone shalt thou render worship.'" 9 Then he brought Him to Jerusalem and caused Him to stand on the roof of the Temple, and said to Him, "If you are God's Son, throw yourself down from here; for it is written, 10 `He will give orders to His angels concerning thee, to guard thee safely;' 11 and `On their hands they shall bear thee up, Lest at any moment thou shouldst strike thy foot against a stone.'" 12 The reply of Jesus was, "It is said, `Thou shalt not put the Lord they God to the proof.'" 13 So the Devil, having fully tried every kind of temptation on Him, left Him for a time. 14 Then Jesus returned in the Spirit's power to Galilee; and His fame spread through all the adjacent districts. 15 And He proceeded to teach in their synagogues, winning praise from all. 16 He came to Nazareth also, where He had been brought up; and, as was His custom, He went to the synagogue on the Sabbath, and stood up to read. 17 And there was handed to Him the book of the Prophet Isaiah, and, opening the book, He found the place where it was written, 18 "The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because He has anointed me to proclaim Good News to the poor; He has sent me to announce release to the prisoners of war and recovery of sight to the blind: to send away free those whom tyranny has crushed, 19 to proclaim the year of acceptance with the Lord." 20 And rolling up the book, He returned it to the attendant, and sat down--to speak. And the eyes of all in the synagogue were fixed on Him. 21 Then He proceeded to say to them, "To-day is this Scripture fulfilled in your hearing." 22 And they all spoke well of Him, wondering at the sweet words of kindness which fell from His lips, while they asked one another, "Is not this Joseph's son?" 23 "Doubtless," said He, "you will quote to me the proverb, `Physician, cure yourself: all that we hear that you have done at Capernaum, do here also in your native place.'" 24 "I tell you in solemn truth," He added, "that no Prophet is welcomed among his own people. 25 But I tell you in truth that there was many a widow in Israel in the time of Elijah, when there was no rain for three years and six months and there came a severe famine over all the land; 26 and yet to not one of them was Elijah sent: he was only sent to a widow at Zarephath in the Sidonian country. 27 And there was also many a leper in Israel in the time of the Prophet Elisha, and yet not one of them was cleansed, but Naaman the Syrian was." 28 Then all in the synagogue, while listening to these words, were filled with fury. 29 They rose, hurried Him outside the town, and brought Him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, to throw Him down the cliff; 30 but He passed through the midst of them and went His way. 31 So He came down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee, where He frequently taught the people on the Sabbath days. 32 And they were greatly impressed by His teaching, because He spoke with the language of authority. 33 But in the synagogue there was a man possessed by the spirit of a foul demon. In a loud voice he cried out, 34 "Ha! Jesus the Nazarene, what have you to do with us? I know who you are--God's Holy One!" 35 But Jesus rebuked the demon. "Silence!" He exclaimed; "come out of him." Upon this, the demon hurled the man into the midst of them, and came out of him without doing him any harm. 36 All were astonished and awe-struck; and they asked one another, "What sort of language is this? For with authority and real power He gives orders to the foul spirits and they come out." 37 And the talk about Him spread into every part of the neighbouring country. 38 Now when He rose and left the synagogue He went to Simon's house. Simon's mother-in-law was suffering from an acute attack of fever; and they consulted Him about her. 39 Then standing over her He rebuked the fever, and it left her; and she at once rose and waited on them. 40 At sunset all who had friends suffering from any illness brought them to Him, and He laid His hands on them all, one by one, and cured them. 41 Demons also came out of many, loudly calling out, "You are the Son of God." But He rebuked them and forbad them to speak, because they knew Him to be the Christ. 42 Next morning, at daybreak, He left the town and went away to a solitary place; but the people flocked out to find Him, and, coming to the place where He was, they endeavoured to detain Him that He might not leave them. 43 But He said to them, "I have to tell the Good News of the Kingdom of God to the other towns also, because for this purpose I was sent." 44 And for some time He preached in the synagogues in Galilee.

Chapter 5

1 On one occasion the crowd was pressing on Him and listening to God's Message, while He was standing by the Lake of Gennesaret. 2 He, however, saw two fishing-boats drawn up on the beach (for the men had gone away from them and were washing the nets), 3 and going on board one of them, which was Simon's He asked him to push out a little from land. Then He sat down and taught the crowd of people from the boat. 4 When He had finished speaking, He said to Simon, "Push out into deep water, and let down your nets for a haul." 5 "Rabbi," replied Peter, "all night long we have worked hard and caught nothing; but at your command I will let down the nets." 6 This they did, and enclosed a vast number of fish; and their nets began to break. 7 So they signalled to their partners in the other boat to come and help them; they came, and they filled both the boats so that they almost sank. 8 When Simon Peter saw this, he fell down at the knees of Jesus, and exclaimed, "Master, leave my boat, for I am a sinful man." 9 (For he was astonished and terrified--he and all his companions--at the haul of fish which they had taken; 10 and so were Simon's partners James and John, the sons of Zabdi.) But Jesus replied to Simon, "Fear not: from this time you shall be a catcher of men." 11 Then, after bringing their boats to land, they left everything and followed Him. 12 On another occasion, when He was in one of the towns, there was a man there covered with leprosy, who, seeing Jesus, threw himself at His feet and implored Him, saying, "Sir, if only you are willing, you are able to make me clean." 13 Reaching out His hand and touching him, Jesus said, "I am willing; be cleansed!" And instantly the leprosy left him. 14 He ordered him to tell no one. "But go," He said, "show yourself to the Priest, and make the offering for your purification which Moses appointed, as evidence for them." 15 But all the more the report about Him spread abroad, and great multitudes crowded to hear Him and to be cured of their diseases; 16 but Jesus Himself constantly withdrew into the Desert and there prayed. 17 One day He was teaching, and there were Pharisees and teachers of the Law sitting there who had come from every village in Galilee and Judaea and from Jerusalem. And the power of the Lord was present for Him to cure people. 18 And a party of men came carrying a palsied man on a bed, and they endeavoured to bring him in and lay him before Jesus. 19 But when they could find no way of doing so because of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down through the tiling--bed and all--into the midst, in front of Jesus. 20 He saw their faith and said to him, "Friend, your sins are forgiven." 21 Then the Scribes and Pharisees began to cavil, asking, "Who is this, uttering blasphemies? Who but God alone can forgive sins?" 22 Well aware of their reasonings, Jesus answered their questions by asking in turn, "What is this that you are debating in your hearts? 23 Which is easier? --to say, `Your sins are forgiven,' or to say, `Rise and walk'? 24 But to prove to you that the Son of Man has authority on earth to forgive sins" --Turning to the paralytic He said, "I bid you, Rise, take up your bed, and go home." 25 Instantly he stood up in their presence, took up the mattress on which he had been lying, and went away to his home, giving glory to God. 26 Amazement seized them all. "Glory to God!" was the abiding feeling. Yet fear flashed through their minds and they said, "We have seen strange things to-day." 27 After this He went out and noticed a tax-gatherer, Levi by name, sitting at the Toll office; and He said to him, "Follow me." 28 He rose, left everything, and followed Him. 29 Levi also gave a great entertainment at his house in honour of Jesus, and there was a large party of tax-gatherers and others at table with them. 30 This led the Pharisees and Scribes of their party to expostulate with His disciples and ask, "Why are you eating and drinking with these tax-gatherers and notorious sinners?" 31 But Jesus replied to them, "It is not men in good health who require a physician, but the sick. 32 I have not come to call the righteous to repentance, but sinners." 33 Again they said to Him, "John's disciples fast often and pray, as do also those of the pharisees; but yours eat and drink." 34 "Can you compel the bridal party to fast," replied Jesus, "so long as they have the bridegroom among them? 35 But a time for this will come, when the Bridegroom has been taken away from them: then, at that time, they will fast." 36 He also spoke in figurative language to them. "No one," He said, "tears a piece from a new garment to mend an old one. Otherwise he would not only spoil the new, but the patch from the new would not match the old. 37 Nor does any one pour new wine into old wine-skins. Otherwise the new wine would burst the skins, the wine itself would be spilt, and the skins be destroyed. 38 But new wine must be put into fresh wineskins. 39 Nor does any one after drinking old wine wish for new; for he says, `The old is better.'"

Chapter 6

1 Now on the second-first Sabbath while He was passing through the wheatfields, His disciples were plucking the ears and rubbing them with their hands to eat the grain. 2 And some of the Pharisees asked, "Why are you doing what the Law forbids on the Sabbath?" 3 "Have you never read so much as this," answered Jesus--"what David did when he and his followers were hungry; 4 how he entered the house of God and took and ate the Presented Loaves and gave some to his followers--loaves which none but the Priests are allowed to eat?" 5 "The Son of Man," He added, "is Lord of the Sabbath also." 6 On another Sabbath He had gone to the synagogue and was teaching there; and in the congregation was a man whose right arm was withered. 7 The Scribes and the Pharisees were on the watch to see whether He would cure him on the Sabbath that they might be able to bring an accusation against Him. 8 He knew their thoughts, and said to the man with the withered arm, "Rise, and stand there in the middle." And he rose and stood there. 9 Then Jesus said to them, "I put it to you all whether we are allowed to do good on the Sabbath, or to do evil; to save a life, or to destroy it." 10 And looking round upon them all He said to the man, "Stretch out your arm." He did so, and the arm was restored. 11 But they were filled with madness, and began to discuss with one another what they should do to Jesus. 12 About that time He went out on one occasion into the hill country to pray; and He remained all night in prayer to God. 13 When it was day, He called His disciples; and He selected from among them twelve, whom He also named Apostles. 14 These were Simon, to whom also He had given the name of Peter, and Andrew his brother; James and John; Philip and Bartholomew; 15 Matthew and Thomas; James the son of Alphaeus and Simon called the Zealot; 16 James's relative Judas, and Judas Iscariot who proved to be a traitor. 17 With these He came down till He reached a level place, where there was a great crowd of His disciples, and a multitude of people from every part of Judaea, from Jerusalem, and from the sea-side district of Tyre and Sidon, who came to hear Him and to be cured of their diseases; 18 and those who were tormented by foul spirits were cured. 19 The whole crowd were eager to touch Him, because power went forth from him and cured every one. 20 Then fixing His eyes upon His disciples, Jesus said to them, "Blessed are you poor, because the Kingdom of God is yours. 21 "Blessed are you who hunger now, because your hunger shall be satisfied. "Blessed are you who now weep aloud, because you shall laugh. 22 "Blessed are you when men shall hate you and exclude you from their society and insult you, and spurn your very names as evil things, for the Son of Man's sake. 23 "Be glad at such a time, and dance for joy; for your reward is great in Heaven; for that is just the way their forefathers behaved to the Prophets! 24 "But alas for you rich men, because you already have your consolation! 25 "Alas for you who now have plenty to eat, because you will be hungry! "Alas for you who laugh now, because you will mourn and weep aloud! 26 "Alas for you when men shall all have spoken well of you; for that is just the way their forefathers behaved to the false Prophets! 27 "But to you who are listening to me I say, Love your enemies; seek the welfare of those who hate you; 28 bless those who curse you; pray for those who revile you. 29 To him who gives you a blow on one side of the face offer the other side also; and to him who is robbing you of your outer garment refuse not the under one also. 30 To every one who asks, give; and from him who takes away your property, do not demand it back. 31 And behave to your fellow men just as you would have them behave to you. 32 "If you love those who love you, what credit is it to you? Why, even bad men love those who love them. 33 And if you are kind to those who are kind to you, what credit is it to you? Even bad men act thus. 34 And if you lend to those from whom you hope to receive, what credit is it to you? Even bad men lend to their fellows so as to receive back an equal amount. 35 Nevertheless love your enemies, be beneficent; and lend without hoping for any repayment. Then your recompense shall be great, and you will be sons of the Most High; for He is kind to the ungrateful and wicked. 36 Be compassionate just as your Father is compassionate. 37 "Judge not, and you shall not be judged; condemn not, and you shall not be condemned; pardon, and you shall be pardoned; 38 give, and gifts shall be bestowed on you. Full measure, pressed, shaken down, and running over, shall they pour into your laps; for with the same measure that you use they shall measure to you in return." 39 He also spoke to them in figurative language. "Can a blind man lead a blind man?" He asked; "would not both fall into the ditch? 40 There is no disciple who is superior to his teacher; but every one whose instruction is complete will be like his teacher. 41 "And why look at the splinter in your brother's eye instead of giving careful attention to the beam in your own? 42 How can you say to your brother, `Brother, let me take that splinter out of your eye,' when all the while you yourself do not see the beam in your own eye? Vain pretender! take the beam out of your own eye first, and then you will see clearly to take the splinter out of your brother's eye. 43 "There is no good tree that yields unsound fruit, nor again any unsound tree that yields good fruit. 44 Every tree is known by its own fruit. It is not from thorns that men gather figs, nor from the bramble that they can get a bunch of grapes. 45 A good man from the good stored up in his heart brings out what is good; and an evil man from the evil stored up brings out what is evil; for from the overflow of his heart his mouth speaks. 46 "And why do you all call me `Master, Master' and yet not do what I tell you? 47 Every one who comes to me and listens to my words and puts them in practice, I will show you whom he is like. 48 He is like a man building a house, who digs and goes deep, and lays the foundation on the rock; and when a flood comes, the torrent bursts upon that house, but is unable to shake it, because it is securely built. 49 But he who has heard and not practised is like a man who has built a house upon the soft soil without a foundation, against which the torrent bursts, and immediately it collapses, and terrible is the wreck and ruin of that house."

Chapter 7

1 After He had finished teaching all these things in the hearing of the people, He went into Capernaum. 2 Here the servant of a certain Captain, a man dear to his master, was ill and at the point of death; 3 and the Captain, hearing about Jesus, sent to Him some of the Jewish Elders, begging Him to come and restore his servant to health. 4 And they, when they came to Jesus, earnestly entreated Him, pleading, "He deserves to have this favour granted him, 5 for he loves our nation, and at his own expense he built our synagogue for us." 6 Then Jesus went with them. But when He was not far from the house, the Captain sent friends to Him with the message: "Sir, do not trouble to come. I am not worthy of having you come under my roof; 7 and therefore I did not deem myself worthy to come to you. Only speak the word, and let my young man be cured. 8 For I too am a man obedient to authority, and have soldiers under me; and I say to one, `Go,' and he goes; to another, `Come,' and he comes; and to my slave, `Do this or that,' and he does it." 9 Jesus listened to the Captain's message and was astonished at him, and He turned and said to the crowd that followed Him, "I tell you that not even in Israel have I found faith like that." 10 And the friends who had been sent, on returning to the house, found the servant in perfect health. 11 Shortly afterwards He went to a town called Nain, attended by His disciples and a great crowd of people. 12 And just as He reached the gate of the town, they happened to be bringing out for burial a dead man who was his mother's only son; and she was a widow; and a great number of the townspeople were with her. 13 The Lord saw her, was moved with pity for her, and said to her, "Do not weep." 14 Then He went close and touched the bier, and the bearers halted. "Young man," He said, "I command you, wake!" 15 The dead man sat up and began to speak; and He restored him to his mother. 16 All were awe-struck, and they gave glory to God--some saying, "A Prophet, a great Prophet, has risen up among us." Others said, "God has not forgotten His People." 17 And the report of what Jesus had done spread through the whole of Judaea and in all the surrounding districts. 18 John's disciples brought him an account of all these things; 19 so John called two of his disciples and sent them to the Lord. "Are you the Coming One?" he asked, "or is there another that we are to expect?" 20 The men came to Jesus and said, "John the Baptist has sent us to you with this question: `Are you the Coming One, or is there another that we are to expect?'" 21 He immediately cured many of diseases, severe pain, and evil spirits, and to many who were blind He gave the gift of sight. 22 Then He answered the messengers, "Go and report to John what you have seen and heard. Blind men receive sight, the lame walk, lepers are purified, deaf persons hear, the dead are raised to life, the poor have the Good News proclaimed to them. 23 And blessed is every one who does not stumble and fall because of my claims." 24 When John's messengers were gone, He proceeded to say to the multitude concerning John, "What did you go out into the Desert to gaze at? A reed waving in the wind? 25 But what did you go out to see? A man wearing luxurious clothes? People who are gorgeously dressed and live in luxury are found in palaces. 26 But what did you go out to see? A Prophet? Aye, I tell you, and far more than a Prophet. 27 John is the man about whom it is written, `See, I am sending My messenger before thy face, and he shall make ready thy way before thee.' 28 "I tell you that among all of women born there is not one greater than John. Yet one who is of lower rank in the Kingdom of God is greater than he. 29 And all the people, including the tax-gatherers, when they listened to him upheld the righteousness of God, by being baptized with John's baptism. 30 But the Pharisees and expounders of the Law have frustrated God's purpose as to their own lives, by refusing to be baptized. 31 "To what then shall I compare the men of the present generation, and what do they resemble? 32 They are like children sitting in the public square and calling out to one another, `We have played the flute to you, and you have not danced: we have sung dirges, and you have not shown sorrow.' 33 For John the Baptist has come eating no bread and drinking no wine, and you say, `He has a demon!' 34 The Son of Man has come eating and drinking, and you say, `Look, there is a man who is overfond of eating and drinking--he is a friend of tax-gatherers and notorious sinners!' 35 But wisdom is justified by all who are truly wise." 36 Now one of the Pharisees repeatedly invited Him to a meal at his house; so He entered the house and reclined at the table. 37 And there was a woman in the town who was a notorious sinner. Having learnt that Jesus was at table in the Pharisee's house she brought a flask of perfume, 38 and, standing behind close to His feet, weeping, began to wet His feet with her tears; and with her hair she wiped the tears away again, while she lovingly kissed His feet and poured the perfume over them. 39 Noticing this, the Pharisee, His host, said to himself, "This man, if he were really a Prophet, would know who and what sort of person this woman is who is touching him--and would know that she is an immoral woman." 40 In answer to his thoughts Jesus said to him, "Simon, I have a word to say to you." "Rabbi, say on," he replied. 41 "There were once two men in debt to one money-lender," said Jesus; "one owed him five hundred shillings and the other fifty. 42 But neither of them could pay anything; so he freely forgave them both. Tell me, then, which of them will love him most?" 43 "I suppose," replied Simon, "the one to whom he forgave most." "You have judged rightly," Jesus rejoined. 44 Then turning towards the woman He said to Simon, "Do you see this woman? I came into your house: you gave me no water for my feet; but she has made my feet wet with her tears, and then wiped the tears away with her hair. 45 No kiss did you give me; but she from the moment I came in has not left off tenderly kissing my feet. 46 No oil did you pour even on my head; but she has poured perfume upon my feet. 47 This is the reason why I tell you that her sins, her many sins, are forgiven--because she has loved much; but he who is forgiven little, loves little." 48 And He said to her, "Your sins are forgiven." 49 Then the other guests began to say to themselves, "Who can this man be who even forgives sins?" 50 But He said to the woman, "Your faith has cured you: go, and be at peace."

Chapter 8

1 Shortly after this He visited town after town, and village after village, proclaiming His Message and telling the Good News of the Kingdom of God. The Twelve were with Him, 2 and certain women whom He had delivered from evil spirits and various diseases--Mary of Magdala, out of whom seven demons had come, 3 and Joanna the wife of Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and many other women, all of whom contributed to the support of Jesus and His Apostles. 4 And when a great crowd was assembling, and was receiving additions from one town after another, He spoke a parable to them. 5 "The sower," He said, "goes out to sow his seed; and as he sows, some of the seed falls by the way-side, and is trodden upon, or the birds of the air come and peck it up. 6 Another part drops upon the rock, and after growing up it withers away for want of moisture. 7 Another part falls among the thorns, and the thorns grow up with it and stifle it. 8 But some of the seed falls into good ground, and grows up and yields a return of a hundred for one." While thus speaking, He cried aloud and said, "Listen, every one who has ears to listen with!" 9 The disciples proceeded to ask Him what this parable meant. 10 "To you," He replied, "it is granted to know the secrets of the Kingdom of God; but all others are taught by parables, in order that they may see and yet not see, and may hear and yet not understand. 11 The meaning of the parable is as follows. The seed is God's Message. 12 Those by the way-side are those who have heard, and then the Devil comes and carries away the Message from their hearts, lest they should believe and be saved. 13 Those on the rock are the people who on hearing the Message receive it joyfully; but they have no root: for a time they believe, but when trial comes they fall away. 14 That which fell among the thorns means those who have heard, but as they go on their way, the Message is stifled by the anxieties, wealth and gaieties of time, and they yield nothing in perfection. 15 But as for that in the good ground, it means those who, having listened to the Message with open minds and in a right spirit, hold it fast, and patiently yield a return. 16 "When any one lights a lamp, he does not cover it with a vessel or hide it under a couch; he puts it on a lampstand, that people who enter the room may see the light. 17 There is nothing hidden, which shall not be openly seen; nor anything secret, which shall not be known and come into the light of day. 18 Be careful, therefore, how you hear; for whoever has anything, to him more shall be given, and whoever has nothing, even that which he thinks he has shall be taken away from him." 19 Then came to Him His mother and His brothers, but could not get near Him for the crowd. 20 But He was told, "Your mother and brothers are standing on the edge of the crowd, and want to see you." 21 "My mother and my brothers," He replied, "are these who hear God's Message and obey it." 22 One day He went on board a boat--both He and his disciples; and He said to them, "Let us cross over to the other side of the Lake." So they set sail. 24 So they came and woke Him, crying, "Rabbi, Rabbi, we are drowning." Then He roused Himself and rebuked the wind and the surging of the water, and they ceased and there was a calm. 25 "Where is your faith?" He asked them. But they were filled with terror and amazement, and said to one another, "Who then is this? for He gives orders both to wind and waves, and they obey Him." 26 Then they put in to shore in the country of the Gerasenes, which lies opposite to Galilee. 27 Here, on landing, He was met by one of the townsmen who was possessed by demons--for a long time he had not put on any garment, nor did he live in a house, but in the tombs. 28 When he saw Jesus, he cried out and fell down before Him, and said in a loud voice, "What have you to do with me, Jesus, Son of God Most High? Do not torture me, I beseech you." 29 For already He had been commanding the foul spirit to come out of the man. For many a time it had seized and held him, and they had repeatedly put him in chains and fetters and kept guard over him, but he used to break the chains to pieces, and, impelled by the demon, to escape into the Desert. 30 "What is your name?" Jesus asked him. "Legion," he replied--because a great number of demons had entered into him; 31 and they besought Him not to command them to be gone into the Bottomless Pit. 32 Now there was a great herd of swine there feeding on the hill-side; and the demons begged Him to give them leave to go into them, and He gave them leave. 33 The demons came out of the man and left him, and entered into the swine; and the herd rushed violently over the cliff into the Lake and were drowned. 34 The swineherds, seeing what had happened, fled and reported it both in town and country; 35 whereupon the people came out to see what had happened. They came to Jesus, and they found the man from whom the demons had gone out sitting at the feet of Jesus, clothed and in his right mind; and they were terrified. 36 And those who had seen it told them how the demoniac was cured. 37 Then the whole population of the Gerasenes and of the adjacent districts begged Him to depart from them; for their terror was great. So He went on board and returned. 38 But the man from whom the demons had gone out earnestly asked permission to go with Him; but He sent him away. 39 "Return home," He said, "and tell there all that God has done for you." So he went and published through the whole town all that Jesus had done for him. 40 Now when Jesus was returning, the people gave Him a warm welcome; for they had all been looking out for Him. 41 Just then there came a man named Jair, a Warden of the Synagogue, who threw himself at the feet of Jesus, and entreated Him to come to his house; 42 for he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. And as He went, the dense throng crowded on Him. 43 And a woman who for twelve years had been afflicted with haemorrhage--and had spent on doctors all she had, but none of them had been able to cure her-- 44 came close behind Him and touched the tassel of His robe; and instantly her flow of blood stopped. 45 "Who is it touched me?" Jesus asked. And when all denied having done so, Peter and the rest said, "Rabbi, the crowds are hemming you in and pressing on you." 46 "Some one has touched me," Jesus replied, "for I feel that power has gone out from me." 47 Then the woman, perceiving that she had not escaped notice, came trembling, and throwing herself down at His feet she stated before all the people the reason why she had touched Him and how she was instantly cured. 48 "Daughter," said He, "your faith has cured you; go, and be at peace." 49 While He was still speaking, some one came to the Warden of the Synagogue from his house and said, "Your daughter is dead; trouble the Rabbi no further." 50 Jesus heard the words and said to him, "Have no fear. Only believe, and she shall be restored to life." 51 So He came to the house, but allowed no one to go in with Him but Peter and John and James and the girl's father and mother. 52 The people were all weeping aloud and beating their breasts for her; but He said, "Leave off wailing; for she is not dead, but asleep." 53 And they jeered at Him, knowing that she was dead. 54 He, however, took her by the hand and called aloud, "Child, awake!" 55 And her spirit returned, and instantly she stood up; and He directed them to give her some food. 56 Her parents were astounded; but He forbad them to mention the matter to any one.

Chapter 9

1 Then calling the Twelve together He conferred on them power and authority over all the demons and to cure diseases; 2 and sent them out to proclaim the Kingdom of God and to cure the sick. 3 And He commanded them, "Take nothing for your journey; neither stick nor bag nor bread nor money; and do not have an extra under garment. 4 Whatever house you enter, make that your home, and from it start afresh. 5 Wherever they refuse to receive you, as you leave that town shake off the very dust from your feet as a protest against them." 6 So they departed and visited village after village, spreading the Good News and performing cures everywhere. 7 Now Herod the Tetrarch heard of all that was going on; and he was bewildered because of its being said by some that John had come back to life, 8 by others that Elijah had appeared, and by others that some one of the ancient Prophets had come back to life. 9 And Herod said, "John I have beheaded; but who is this, of whom I hear such reports?" And he sought for an opportunity of seeing Jesus. 10 The Apostles, on their return, related to Jesus all they had done. Then He took them and withdrew to a quiet retreat, to a town called Bethsaida. 11 But the immense crowd, aware of this, followed Him; and receiving them kindly He proceeded to speak to them of the Kingdom of God, and those who needed to be restored to health, He cured. 12 Now when the day began to decline, the Twelve came to Him and said, "Send the people away, that they may go to the villages and farms round about and find lodging and a supply of food; because here we are in an uninhabited district." 13 "You yourselves," He said, "must give them food." "We have nothing," they replied, "but five loaves and a couple of fish, unless indeed we were to go and buy provisions for all this host of people." 14 (For there were about 5,000 adult men.) But He said to His disciples, "Make them sit down in parties of about fifty each." 15 They did so, making them all, without exception, sit down. 16 Then He took the five loaves and the two fish, and looking up to Heaven He blessed them and broke them into portions which He gave to the disciples to distribute to the people. 17 So they ate and were fully satisfied, all of them; and what they had remaining over was gathered up, twelve baskets of fragments. 18 One day when He was praying by Himself the disciples were present; and He asked them, "Who do the people say that I am?" 19 "John the Baptist," they replied; "but others say Elijah; and others that some one of the ancient Prophets has come back to life." 20 "But you," He asked, "who do you say that I am?" "God's Anointed One," replied Peter. 21 And Jesus strictly forbad them to tell this to any one; 22 and He said, "The Son of Man must suffer much cruelty, be rejected by the Elders and High Priests and Scribes, and be put to death, and on the third day be raised to life again." 23 And He said to all, "If any one is desirous of following me, let him ignore self and take up his cross day by day, and so be my follower. 24 For whoever desires to save his life shall lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake shall save it. 25 Why, what benefit is it to a man to have gained the whole world, but to have lost or forfeited his own self. 26 For whoever shall have been ashamed of me and my teachings, of him the Son of Man will be ashamed when He comes in His own and the Father's glory and in that of the holy angels. 27 I tell you truly that there are some of those who stand here who will certainly not taste death till they have seen the Kingdom of God." 28 It was about eight days after this that Jesus, taking with Him Peter, John, and James, went up the mountain to pray. 29 And while He was praying the appearance of His face underwent a change, and His clothing became white and radiant. 30 And suddenly there were two men conversing with Him, who were Moses and Elijah. 31 They came in glory, and kept speaking about His death, which He was so soon to undergo in Jerusalem. 32 Now Peter and the others were weighed down with sleep; but, keeping themselves awake all through, they saw His glory, and the two men standing with Him. 33 And when they were preparing to depart from Him, Peter said to Jesus, "Rabbi, we are thankful to you that we are here. Let us put up three tents--one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah." He did not know what he was saying. 34 But while he was thus speaking, there came a cloud which spread over them; and they were awe-struck when they had entered into the cloud. 35 Then there came a voice from within the cloud: "This is My Son, My Chosen One: listen to Him." 36 After this voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. They kept it to themselves, and said not a word to any one at that time about what they had seen. 37 On the following day, when they were come down from the mountain, a great crowd came to meet Him; 38 and a man from the crowd called out, "Rabbi, I beg you to pity my son, for he is my only child. 39 At times a spirit seizes him and he suddenly cries out. It convulses him, and makes him foam at the mouth, and does not leave him till it has well-nigh covered him with bruises. 40 I entreated your disciples to expel the spirit, but they could not." 41 "O unbelieving and perverse generation!" replied Jesus; "how long shall I be with you and bear with you? Bring your son here to me." 42 Now while the youth was coming, the spirit dashed him to the ground and cruelly convulsed him. But Jesus rebuked the foul spirit, and cured the youth and gave him back to his father. 43 And all were awe-struck at the mighty power of God. And while every one was expressing wonder at all that He was doing, He said to his disciples, 44 "As for you, store these my sayings in your memory; for, before long, the Son of Man will be betrayed into the hands of men." 45 But they did not understand His meaning: it was veiled from them that they might not perceive it, and they were afraid to ask Him about it. 46 Now there arose a dispute among them, which of them was to be the greatest. 47 And Jesus, knowing the reasoning that was in their hearts, took a young child and made him stand by His side 48 and said to them, "Whoever for my sake receives this little child, receives me; and whoever receives me, receives Him who sent me. For the lowliest among you all--he is the greatest." 49 "Rabbi," replied John, "we have seen a man making use of your name to expel demons; and we forbad him, because he does not come with us." 50 "Do not forbid him," said Jesus, "for he who is not against you is on your side." 51 Now when the time drew near for Him to be received up again into Heaven, He proceeded with fixed purpose towards Jerusalem, and sent messengers before Him. 52 They went and entered a village of the Samaritans to make ready for Him. 53 But the people there would not receive Him, because He was evidently going to Jerusalem. 54 When the disciples James and John saw this, they said, "Master, do you wish us to order fire to come down from Heaven and consume them?" 55 But He turned and rebuked them. 56 And they went to another village. 57 And, as they proceeded on their way, a man came to Him and said, "I will follow you wherever you go." 58 "The foxes have holes," said Jesus, "and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head." 59 "Follow me," He said to another. "Master," the man replied, "allow me first to go and bury my father." 60 "Leave the dead," Jesus rejoined, "to bury their own dead; but you must go and announce far and wide the coming of the Kingdom of God." 61 "Master," said yet another, "I will follow you; but allow me first to go and say good-bye to my friends at home." 62 Jesus answered him, "No one who has put his hand to the plough, and then looks behind him, is fit for the Kingdom of God.

Chapter 10

1 After this the Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them before Him, by twos, to go to every town or place which He Himself intended to visit. 2 And He addressed them thus: "The harvest is abundant, but the reapers are few: therefore entreat the Owner of the harvest to send out more reapers into His fields. And now go. 3 Remember that I am sending you out as lambs into the midst of wolves. 4 Carry no purse, bag, nor change of shoes; and salute no one on your way." 5 "Whatever house you enter, first say, `Peace be to this house!' 6 And if there is a lover of peace there, your peace shall rest upon it; otherwise come back upon you. 7 And in that same house stay, eating and drinking at their table; for the labourer deserves his wages. Do not move from one house to another. 8 "And whatever town you come to and they receive you, eat what they put before you. 9 Cure the sick in that town, and tell them, "`The Kingdom of God is now at your door.' 10 "But whatever town you come to and they will not receive you, go out into the broader streets and say, 11 "`The very dust of your town that hangs about us we wipe off as a protest. Only be sure of this, that the Kingdom of God is close at hand.' 12 "I tell you that it will be more endurable for Sodom on the great day than for that town. 13 "Alas for thee, Chorazin! Alas for thee, Bethsaida! For had the miracles been performed in Tyre and Sidon which have been performed in you, long ere now they would have repented, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. 14 However, for Tyre and Sidon it will be more endurable at the Judgement than for you. 15 And thou, Capernaum, shalt thou be lifted high as Heaven? Thou shalt be driven down as low as Hades. 16 "He who listens to you listens to me; and he who disregards you disregards me, and he who disregards me disregards Him who sent me." 17 When the Seventy returned, they exclaimed joyfully, "Master, even the demons submit to us when we utter your name." 18 "I saw Satan fall like a lightning-flash out of Heaven," He replied. 19 "I have given you power to tread serpents and scorpions underfoot, and to trample on all the power of the Enemy; and in no case shall anything do you harm. 20 Nevertheless rejoice not at this, that the spirits submit to you; but rejoice that your names are registered in Heaven." 21 On that same occasion Jesus was filled by the Holy Spirit with rapturous joy. "I give Thee fervent thanks," He exclaimed, "O Father, Lord of Heaven and earth, that Thou hast hidden these things from sages and men of understanding, and hast revealed them to babes. Yes, Father, for such has been Thy gracious will. 22 All things are delivered to me by my Father; and no one knows who the Son is but the Father, nor who the Father is but the Son, and he to whom the Son may choose to reveal Him." 23 And He turned towards His disciples and said to them apart, "Blessed are the eyes which see what you see! 24 For I tell you that many Prophets and kings have desired to see the things you see, and have not seen them, and to hear the things you hear, and have not heard them." 25 Then an expounder of the Law stood up to test Him with a question. "Rabbi," he asked, "what shall I do to inherit the Life of the Ages?" 26 "Go to the Law," said Jesus; "what is written there? how does it read?" 27 "`Thou shalt love the Lord thy God,'" he replied, "`with thy whole heart, thy whole soul, thy whole strength, and thy whole mind; and thy fellow man as much as thyself.'" 28 "A right answer," said Jesus; "do that, and you shall live." 29 But he, desiring to justify himself, said, "But what is meant by my `fellow man'?" 30 Jesus replied, "A man was once on his way down from Jerusalem to Jericho when he fell among robbers, who after both stripping and beating him went away, leaving him half dead. 31 Now a priest happened to be going down that way, and on seeing him passed by on the other side. 32 In like manner a Levite also came to the place, and seeing him passed by on the other side. 33 But a certain Samaritan, being on a journey, came where he lay, and seeing him was moved with pity. 34 He went to him, and dressed his wounds with oil and wine and bound them up. Then placing him on his own mule he brought him to an inn, where he bestowed every care on him. 35 The next day he took out two shillings and gave them to the innkeeper. "`Take care of him,' he said, `and whatever further expense you are put to, I will repay it you at my next visit.' 36 "Which of those three seems to you to have acted like a fellow man to him who fell among the robbers?" 37 "The one who showed him pity," he replied. "Go," said Jesus, "and act in the same way." 38 As they pursued their journey He came to a certain village, where a woman named Martha welcomed Him to her house. 39 She had a sister called Mary, who seated herself at the Lord's feet and listened to His teaching. 40 Martha meanwhile was busy and distracted in waiting at table, and she came and said, "Master, do you not care that my sister is leaving me to do all the waiting? Tell her to assist me." 41 "Martha, Martha," replied Jesus, "you are anxious and worried about a multitude of things; 42 and yet only one thing is really necessary. Mary has chosen the good portion and she shall not be deprived of it."

Chapter 11

1 At one place where He was praying, when He rose from His knees one of His disciples said to Him, "Master, teach us to pray, just as John taught his disciples." 2 So He said to them, "When you pray, say, `Father may Thy name be kept holy; let Thy Kingdom come; 3 give us day after day our bread for the day; 4 and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves also forgive every one who fails in his duty to us; and bring us not into temptation.'" 5 And He said to them, "Which of you shall have a friend and shall go to him in the middle of the night and say, "`Friend, lend me three loaves of bread; 6 for a friend of mine has just come to my house from a distance, and I have nothing for him to eat'? 7 "And he from indoors shall answer, "`Do not pester me. The door is now barred, and I am here in bed with my children. I cannot get up and give you bread.' 8 "I tell you that even if he will not rise and give him the loaves because he is his friend, at any rate because of his persistency he will rouse himself and give him as many as he requires. 9 "So I say to you, `Ask, and what you ask for shall be given to you; seek, and you shall find; knock, and the door shall be opened to you.' 10 For every one who asks, receives; and he who seeks, finds; and to him who knocks, the door shall be opened. 11 And what father is there among you, who, if his son asks for a slice of bread, will offer him a stone? or if he asks for a fish, will instead of a fish offer him a snake? 12 or if he asks for an egg, will offer him a scorpion? 13 If you then, with all your human frailty, know how to give your children gifts that are good for them, how much more certainly will your Father who is in Heaven give the Holy Spirit to those who ask Him!" 14 On once occasion He was expelling a dumb demon; and when the demon was gone out the dumb man could speak, and the people were astonished. 15 But some among them said, "It is by the power of Baal-zebul, the Prince of the demons, that he expels the demons." 16 Others, to put Him to the test, asked Him for a sign in the sky. 17 And, knowing their thoughts, He said to them, "Every kingdom in which civil war rages goes to ruin: family attacks family and is overthrown. 18 And if Satan really has engaged in fierce conflict with himself, how shall his kingdom stand?--because you say that I expel demons by the power of Baal-zebul. 19 And if it is by the power of Baal-zebul that I expel the demons, by whom do your disciples expel them? They therefore shall be your judges. 20 But if it is by the power of God that I drive out the demons, it is evident that the Kingdom of God has come upon you. 21 "Whenever a strong man, fully armed and equipped, is guarding his own castle, he enjoys peaceful possession of his property; 22 but as soon as another stronger than he attacks him and overcomes him, he takes away that complete armour of his in which he trusted, and distributes the plunder he has collected. 23 Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever is not gathering with me is scattering abroad. 24 "When a foul spirit has left a man, it roams about in the Desert, seeking a resting-place; but, unable to find any, it says, `I will return to the house I have left;" 25 and when it comes, it finds the house swept clean and in good order. 26 Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more malignant than itself, and they enter and dwell there; and in the end that man's condition becomes worse than it was at first. 27 As He thus spoke a woman in the crowd called out in a loud voice, "Blessed is the mother who carried you, and the breasts that you have sucked." 28 "Nay rather," He replied, "they are blessed who hear God's Message and carefully keep it." 29 Now when the crowds came thronging upon Him, He proceeded to say, "The present generation is a wicked generation: it requires some sign, but no sign shall be given to it except that of Jonah. 30 For just as Jonah became a sign to the men of Nineveh, so the Son of Man will be a token to the present generation. 31 The Queen of the South will awake at the Judgement together with the men of the present generation, and will condemn them; because she came from the extremity of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; but mark! One greater than Solomon is here. 32 There will stand up men of Nineveh at the Judgement together with the present generation, and will condemn it; because they repented at the preaching of Jonah; and mark! One greater than Jonah is here. 33 "When any one lights a lamp, he never puts it in the cellar or under the bushel, but on the lampstand, that people who come in may see the light. 34 The lamp of the body is the eye. When your eyesight is good, your whole body also is lighted up; but when it is defective, your body is darkened. 35 Consider therefore whether the light that is in you is anything but mere darkness. 36 If, however, your whole body is penetrated with light, and has no part dark, it will be so lighted, all of it, as when the lamp with its bright shining gives you light." 37 When He had thus spoken, a Pharisee invited Him to breakfast at his house; so He entered and took His place at table. 38 Now the Pharisee saw to his surprise that He did not wash His hands before breakfasting. 39 The Master however said to him, "Here we see how you Pharisees clean the outside of the cup or plate, while your secret hearts are full of greed and selfishness. 40 Foolish men! Did not He who made the outside make the inside also? 41 But as to what is within, give alms, and instantly all is clean in you. 42 "But alas for you Pharisees! for you pay tithes on your mint and rue and every kind of garden vegetable, and are indifferent to justice and the love of God. These are the things you ought to have attended to, while not neglecting the others. 43 Alas for you Pharisees! for you love the best seats in the synagogues, and you like to be bowed to in places of public resort. 44 Alas for you! for you are like the tombs which lie hidden, and the people who walk over them are not aware of their existence." 45 Hereupon one of the expounders of the Law exclaimed, "Rabbi, in saying such things you reproach us also." 46 "Alas too for you expounders of the Law!" replied Jesus, "for you load men with cumbrous burdens which you yourselves will not touch with one of your fingers. 47 Alas for you! for you repair the tombs of the Prophets, whom your forefathers killed. 48 It follows that you bear testimony to the actions of your forefathers and that you fully approve thereof. They slew, you build. 49 "For this reason also the Wisdom of God has said, `I will send Prophets and Apostles to them, of whom they will kill some and persecute others,' 50 so that the blood of all the Prophets, that is being shed from the creation of the world onwards, may be required from the present generation. 51 Yes, I tell you that, from the blood of Abel down to the blood of Zechariah who perished between the altar and the House, it shall all be required from the present generation. 52 "Alas for you expounders of the Law! for you have taken away the key of knowledge: you yourselves have not entered, and those who wanted to enter you have hindered." 53 After He had left the house, the Scribes and Pharisees commenced a vehement attempt to entangle Him and make Him give off-hand answers on numerous points, 54 lying in wait to catch some unguarded expression from His lips.

Chapter 12

1 Meanwhile the people had come streaming towards Him by tens of thousands, so that they were trampling one another under foot. And now He proceeded to say to His disciples first, "Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees, that is to say, beware of hypocrisy. 2 There is nothing that is covered up which will not be uncovered, nor hidden which will not become known. 3 Whatever therefore you have said in the dark, will be heard in the light; and what you have whispered within closed doors will be proclaimed from the house-tops. 4 "But to you who are my friends I say, "`Be not afraid of those who kill the body and after that can do nothing further. 5 I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who after killing has power to throw into Gehenna: yes, I say to you, fear him. 6 Are not five sparrows sold for a penny? and yet not one of them is a thing forgotten in God's sight. 7 But the very hairs on your heads are all counted. Away with fear: you are more precious than a multitude of sparrows.' 8 "And I tell you that every man who shall have acknowledged me before men, the Son of Man will also acknowledge before the angels of God. 9 But he who disowns me before men will be disowned before the angels of God. 10 "Moreover every one who shall speak against the Son of Man, may obtain forgiveness; but he who blasphemes the Holy Spirit will never obtain forgiveness. 11 And when they are bringing you before synagogues and magistrates and governors, do not anxiously ponder the manner or matter of your defence, nor what you are to say; 12 for the Holy Spirit shall teach you at that very moment what you must say." 13 Just then a man in the crowd appealed to Him. "Rabbi," he said, "tell my brother to give me a share of the inheritance." 14 "Man," He replied, "who has constituted me a judge or arbitrator over you?" 15 And to the people He said, "Take care, be on your guard against all covetousness, for no one's life consists in the superabundance of his possessions." 16 And He spoke a parable to them. "A certain rich man's lands," He said, "yielded abundant crops, 17 and he debated within himself, saying, "`What am I to do? for I have no place in which to store my crops.' 18 "And he said to himself, "`This is what I will do: I will pull down my barns and build larger ones, and in them I will store up all my harvest and my wealth; 19 and I will say to my life, "`Life, you have ample possessions laid up for many years to come: take your ease, eat, drink, enjoy yourself.' 20 "But God said to him, "`Foolish man, this night your life is demanded from you; and these preparations--for whom shall they be?' 21 "So is it with him who amasses treasure for himself, but has no riches in God." 22 Then turning to His disciples He said, "For this reason I say to you, `Dismiss all anxious care for your lives, inquiring what you are to eat, and for your bodies, what you are to put on.' 23 For life is a greater gift than food, and the body is a greater gift than clothing. 24 Observe the ravens. They neither sow nor reap, and have neither store-chamber nor barn. And yet God feeds them. How far more precious are you than the birds! 25 And which of you is able by anxious thought to add a moment to his life? 26 If then you are unable to do even a very little thing, why be over-anxious about other matters? 27 Observe the lilies, how they grow. They neither labour nor spin. And yet I tell you that not even Solomon in all his splendour was as beautifully dressed as one of these. 28 But if God so clothes the vegetation in the fields, that blooms to-day and to-morrow will be thrown into the oven, how much more certainly will He clothe you, you men of feeble faith! 29 "Therefore, do not be asking what you are to eat nor what you are to drink; and do not waver between hope and fear. 30 For though the nations of the world pursue these things, as for you, your Father knows that you need them. 31 But make His Kingdom the object of your pursuit, and these things shall be given you in addition. 32 "Dismiss your fears, little flock: your Father finds a pleasure in giving you the Kingdom. 33 Sell your possessions and give alms. Provide yourselves with purses that will never wear out, a treasure inexhaustible in Heaven, where no thief can come nor moth consume. 34 For where your wealth is stored, there also will your heart be. 35 "Have your girdles on, and let your lamps be alight; 36 and be yourselves like men waiting for their master--on the look-out till he shall return from the wedding feast--that, when he comes and knocks, they may open the door instantly. 37 Blessed are those servants, whom their Master when He comes shall find on the watch. I tell you in solemn truth, that He will tie an apron round Him, and will bid them recline at table while He comes and waits on them. 38 And whether it be in the second watch or in the third that He comes and finds them so, blessed are they. 39 Of this be sure, that if the master of the house had known what time the robber was coming, he would have kept awake and not have allowed his house to be broken into. 40 Be you also ready, for at an hour when you are not expecting Him the Son of Man will come." 41 "Master," said Peter, "are you addressing this parable to us, or to all alike?" 42 "Who, then," replied the Lord, "is the faithful and intelligent steward whom his Master will put in charge of His household to serve out their rations at the proper times? 43 Blessed is that servant whom his Master when He comes shall find so doing. 44 I tell you truly that He will put him in authority over all His possessions. 45 But if that servant should say in his heart, `My Master is a long time in coming,' and should begin to beat the menservants and the maids, and to eat and drink, drinking even to excess; 46 that servant's Master will come on a day when he is not expecting Him and at an hour that he knows not of, and will punish him severely, and make him share the lot of the unfaithful. 47 And that servant who has been told his Master's will and yet made no preparation and did not obey His will, will receive many lashes. 48 But he who had not been told it and yet did what deserved the scourge, will receive but few lashes. To whomsoever much has been given, from him much will be required; and to whom much has been entrusted, of him a larger amount will be demanded. 49 "I came to throw fire upon the earth, and what is my desire? Oh that it were even now kindled! 50 But I have a baptism to undergo; and how am I pent up till it is accomplished! 51 Do you suppose that I came to give peace on earth? No, I tell you that I came to bring dissension. 52 For from this time there will be in one house five persons split into parties. Three will form a party against two and two will form a party against three; 53 father against son and son against father; mother attacking daughter and daughter her mother, mother-in-law her daughter-in-law, and daughter-in-law her mother-in-law." 54 Then He said to the people also, "When you see a cloud rising in the west, you immediately say, `There is to be a shower;' and it comes to pass. 55 And when you see a south wind blowing, you say, `It will be burning hot;' and it comes to pass. 56 Vain pretenders! You know how to read the aspect of earth and sky. How is it you cannot read this present time? 57 "Why, too, do you not of yourselves arrive at just conclusions? 58 For when, with your opponent, you are going before the magistrate, on the way take pains to get out of his power; for fear that, if he should drag you before the judge, the judge may hand you over to the officer of the court, and the officer lodge you in prison. 59 Never, I tell you, will you get free till you have paid the last farthing."

Chapter 13

1 Just at that time people came to tell Him about the Galilaeans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. 2 "Do you suppose," He asked in reply, "that those Galilaeans were worse sinners than the mass of the Galilaeans, because this happened to them? 3 I tell you, certainly not. On the contrary, if you are not penitent you will all perish as they did. 4 Or those eighteen on whom the tower at Siloam fell, do you suppose they had failed in their duty more than all the rest of the people who live in Jerusalem? 5 I tell you, certainly not. On the contrary, if you do not repent you will all perish just as they did." 6 And He gave them the following parable. "A man," He said, "who had a fig-tree growing in his garden came to look for fruit on it and could find none. 7 So he said to the gardener, "`See, this is the third year I have come to look for fruit on this fig-tree and cannot find any. Cut it down. Why should so much ground be actually wasted?' 8 "But the gardener pleaded, "`Leave it, Sir, this year also, till I have dug round it and manured it. 9 If after that it bears fruit, well and good; if it does not, then you shall cut it down.'" 10 Once He was teaching on the Sabbath in one of the synagogues 11 where a woman was present who for eighteen years had been a confirmed invalid: she was bent double, and was unable to lift herself to her full height. 12 But Jesus saw her, and calling to her, He said to her, "Woman, you are free from your weakness." 13 And He put His hands on her, and she immediately stood upright and began to give glory to God. 14 Then the Warden of the Synagogue, indignant that Jesus had cured her on a Sabbath, said to the crowd, "There are six days in the week on which people ought to work. On those days therefore come and get yourselves cured, and not on the Sabbath day." 15 But the Lord's reply to him was, "Hypocrites, does not each of you on the Sabbath untie his bullock or his ass from the stall and lead him to water? 16 And this woman, daughter of Abraham as she is, whom Satan had bound for no less than eighteen years, was she not to be loosed from this chain because it is the Sabbath day?" 17 When He had said this, all His opponents were ashamed, while the whole multitude was delighted at the many glorious things continually done by Him. 18 This prompted Him to say, "What is the Kingdom of God like? and to what shall I compare it? 19 It is like a mustard seed which a man drops into the soil in his garden, and it grows and becomes a tree in whose branches the birds roost." 20 And again He said, "To what shall I compare the Kingdom of God? 21 It is like yeast which a woman takes and buries in a bushel of flour, to work there till the whole is leavened." 22 He was passing through town after town and village after village, steadily proceeding towards Jerusalem, 23 when some one asked Him, "Sir, are there but few who are to be saved?" 24 "Strain every nerve to force your way in through the narrow gate," He answered; "for multitudes, I tell you, will endeavour to find a way in and will not succeed. 25 As soon as the Master of the house shall have risen and shut the door, and you have begun to stand outside and knock at the door and say, "`Sir, open the door for us' --"`I do not know you,' He answers; `you are no friends of mine.' 26 "Then you will plead, "`We have eaten and drunk in your company and you have taught in our streets.' 27 "But He will reply, "`I tell you that you are no friends of mine. Begone from me, all of you, wrongdoers that you are.' 28 "There will be the weeping and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the Prophets in the Kingdom of God, and yourselves being driven far away. 29 They will come from east and west, from north and south, and will sit down at the banquet in the Kingdom of God. 30 And I tell you that some now last will then be first, and some now first will then be last." 31 Just at that time there came some Pharisees who warned Him, saying, "Leave this place and continue your journey; Herod means to kill you." 32 "Go," He replied, "and take this message to that fox: "`See, to-day and to-morrow I am driving out demons and effecting cures, and on the third day I finish my course.' 33 "Yet I must continue my journey to-day and to-morrow and the day following; for it is not conceivable that a Prophet should perish outside of Jerusalem. 34 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou who murderest the Prophets and stonest those who have been sent to thee, how often have I desired to gather thy children just as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, and you would not come! 35 See, your house is left to you. But I tell you that you will never see me again until you say, `Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!'"

Chapter 14

1 One day--it was a Sabbath--He was taking a meal at the house of one of the Rulers of the Pharisee party, while they were closely watching Him. 2 In front of Him was a man suffering from dropsy. 3 This led Jesus to ask the lawyers and Pharisees, "Is it allowable to cure people on the Sabbath?" 4 They gave Him no answer; so He took hold of the man, cured him, and sent him away. 5 Then He turned to them and said, "Which of you shall have a child or an ox fall into a well on the Sabbath day, and will not immediately lift him out?" 6 To this they could make no reply. 7 Then, when He noticed that the invited guests chose the best seats, He used this as an illustration and said to them, 8 "When any one invites you to a wedding banquet, do not take the best seat, lest perhaps some more honoured guest than you may have been asked, 9 and the man who invited you both will come and will say to you, `Make room for this guest,' and then you, ashamed, will move to the lowest place. 10 On the contrary, when you are invited go and take the lowest place, that when your host comes round he may say to you, `My friend, come up higher.' This will be doing you honour in the presence of all the other guests. 11 For whoever uplifts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles himself will be uplifted. 12 Also to His host, who had invited Him, He said, "When you give a breakfast or a dinner, do not invite your friends or brothers or relatives or rich neighbours, lest perhaps they should invite you in return and a requital be made you. 13 But when you entertain, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame, and the blind; 14 and you will be blessed, because they have no means of requiting you, but there will be requital for you at the Resurrection of the righteous." 15 After listening to this teaching, one of His fellow guests said to Him, "Blessed is he who shall feast in God's Kingdom." 16 "A man once gave a great dinner," replied Jesus, "to which he invited a large number of guests. 17 At dinner-time he sent his servant to announce to those who had been invited, "`Come, for things are now ready.' 18 "But they all without exception began to excuse themselves. The first told him, "`I have purchased a piece of land, and must of necessity go and look at it. Pray hold me excused.' 19 "A second pleaded, "`I have bought five yoke of oxen, and am on my way to try them. Pray hold me excused.' 20 "Another said, "`I am just married. It is impossible for me to come.' 21 "So the servant came and brought these answers to his master, and they stirred his anger. "`Go out quickly,' he said, `into the streets of the city--the wide ones and the narrow. You will see poor men, and crippled, blind, lame: fetch them all in here.' 22 "Soon the servant reported the result, saying, "`Sir, what you ordered is done, and there is room still.' 23 "`Go out,' replied the master, `to the high roads and hedge-rows, and compel the people to come in, so that my house may be filled. 24 For I tell you that not one of those who were invited shall taste my dinner.'" 25 On His journey vast crowds attended Him, towards whom He turned and said, 26 "If any one is coming to me who does not hate his father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, yes and his own life also, he cannot be a disciple of mine. 27 No one who does not carry his own cross and come after me can be a disciple of mine. 28 "Which of you, desiring to build a tower, does not sit down first and calculate the cost, asking if he has the means to finish it? -- 29 lest perhaps, when he has laid the foundation and is unable to finish, all who see it shall begin to jeer at him, 30 saying, `This man began to build, but could not finish.' 31 Or what king, marching to encounter another king in war, does not first sit down and deliberate whether he is able with ten thousand men to meet the one who is advancing against him with twenty thousand? 32 If not, while the other is still a long way off, he sends messengers and sues for peace. 33 Just as no one of you who does not detach himself from all that belongs to him can be a disciple of mine. 34 "Salt is good: but if even the salt has become tasteless, what will you use to season it? 35 Neither for land nor dunghill is it of any use; they throw it away. Listen, every one who has ears to listen with!"

Chapter 15

1 Now the tax-gatherers and the notorious sinners were everywhere in the habit of coming close to Him to listen to Him; 2 and this led the Pharisees and the Scribes indignantly to complain, saying, "He gives a welcome to notorious sinners, and joins them at their meals!" 3 So in figurative language He asked them, 4 "Which of you men, if he has a hundred sheep and has lost one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in their pasture and go in search of the lost one till he finds it? 5 And when he has found it, he lifts it on his shoulder, glad at heart. 6 Then coming home he calls his friends and neighbours together, and says, `Congratulate me, for I have found my sheep--the one I had lost.' 7 I tell you that in the same way there will be rejoicing in Heaven over one repentant sinner--more rejoicing than over ninety-nine blameless persons who have no need of repentance. 8 "Or what woman who has ten silver coins, if she loses one of them, does not light a lamp and sweep the house and search carefully till she finds it? 9 And when she has found it, she calls together her friends and neighbours, and says, "`Congratulate me, for I have found the coin which I had lost.' 10 "I tell you that in the same way there is rejoicing in the presence of the angels of God over one repentant sinner." 11 He went on to say, "There was a man who had two sons. 12 The younger of them said to his father, "`Father, give me the share of the property that comes to me.' "So he divided his wealth between them. 13 No long time afterwards the younger son got all together and travelled to a distant country, where he wasted his money in debauchery and excess. 14 At last, when he had spent everything, there came a terrible famine throughout that country, and he began to feel the pinch of want. 15 So he went and hired himself to one of the inhabitants of that country, who sent him on to his farm to tend swine; 16 and he longed to make a hearty meal of the pods the swine were eating, but no one gave him any. 17 "But on coming to himself he said, "`How many of my father's hired men have more bread than they want, while I here am dying of hunger! 18 I will rise and go to my father, and will say to him, Father, I have sinned against Heaven and before you: 19 I no longer deserve to be called a son of yours: treat me as one of your hired men.' 20 "So he rose and came to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and pitied him, and ran and threw his arms round his neck and kissed him tenderly. 21 "`Father,' cried the son, `I have sinned against Heaven and before you: no longer do I deserve to be called a son of yours.' 22 "But the father said to his servants, "`Fetch a good coat quickly--the best one--and put it on him; and bring a ring for his finger and shoes for his feet. 23 Fetch the fat calf and kill it, and let us feast and enjoy ourselves; 24 for my son here was dead and has come to life again: he was lost and has been found.' "And they began to be merry. 25 "Now his elder son was out on the farm; and when he returned and came near home, he heard music and dancing. 26 Then he called one of the lads to him and asked what all this meant. 27 "`Your brother has come,' he replied; `and your father has had the fat calf killed, because he has got him home safe and sound.' 28 "Then he was angry and would not go in. But his father came out and entreated him. 29 "`All these years,' replied the son, `I have been slaving for you, and I have never at any time disobeyed any of your orders, and yet you have never given me so much as a kid, for me to enjoy myself with my friends; 30 but now that this son of yours is come who has eaten up your property among his bad women, you have killed the fat calf for him.' 31 "`You my dear son,' said the father, `are always with me, and all that is mine is also yours. 32 We are bound to make merry and rejoice, for this brother of yours was dead and has come back to life, he was lost and has been found.'"

Chapter 16

1 He said also to His disciples: "There was a rich man who had a steward, about whom a report was brought to him, that he was wasting his property. 2 He called him and said, "`What is this I hear about you? Render an account of your stewardship, for I cannot let you hold it any longer.' 3 "Then the steward said within himself, "`What am I to do? For my master is taking away the stewardship from me. I am not strong enough for field labour: to beg, I should be ashamed. 4 I see what to do, in order that when I am discharged from the stewardship they may give me a home in their own houses.' 5 "So he called all his master's debtors, one by one, and asked the first, `How much are you in debt to my master?' 6 "`A hundred firkins of oil,' he replied. "`Here is your account,' said the steward: `sit down quickly and change it into fifty firkins.' 7 "To a second he said, "`And how much do you owe?' "`A hundred quarters of wheat,' was the answer. "`Here is your account,' said he: `change it into eighty quarters.' 8 "And the master praised the dishonest steward for his shrewdness; for, in relation to their own contemporaries, the men of this age are shrewder than the sons of Light. 9 "But I charge you, so to use the wealth which is ever tempting to dishonesty as to win friends who, when it fails, shall welcome you to the tents that never perish. 10 The man who is honest in a very small matter is honest in a great one also; and he who is dishonest in a very small matter is dishonest in a great one also. 11 If therefore you have not proved yourselves faithful in dealing with the wealth that is tainted with fraud, who will entrust to you the true good? 12 And if you have not been faithful in dealing with that which is not your own, who will give you that which is your own? 13 "No servant can be in bondage to two masters. For either he will hate one and love the other, or else he will cling fast to one and scorn the other. You cannot be bondservants both of God and of gold." 14 To all this the Pharisees listened, bitterly jeering at Him; for they were lovers of money. 15 "You are they," He said to them, "who boast of their own goodness before men, but God sees your hearts; for that which holds a proud position among men is detestable in God's sight. 16 The Law and the Prophets continued until John came: from that time the Good News of the Kingdom of God has been spreading, and all classes have been forcing their way into it. 17 But it is easier for earth and sky to pass away than for one smallest detail of the Law to fall to the ground. 18 Every man who divorces his wife and marries another commits adultery; and he who marries her when so divorced from her husband commits adultery. 19 "There was once a rich man who habitually arrayed himself in purple and fine linen, and enjoyed a splendid banquet every day, 20 while at his outer door there lay a beggar, Lazarus by name, 21 covered with sores and longing to make a full meal off the scraps flung on the floor from the rich man's table. Nay, the dogs, too, used to come and lick his sores. 22 "But in course of time the beggar died; and he was carried by the angels into Abraham's bosom. The rich man also died, and had a funeral. 23 And in Hades, being in torment, he looked and saw Abraham in the far distance, and Lazarus resting in his arms. 24 So he cried aloud, and said, "`Father Abraham, take pity on me and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in agony in this flame.' 25 "`Remember, my child,' said Abraham, `that you had all your good things during your lifetime, and that Lazarus in like manner had his bad things. But, now and here, he is receiving consolation and you are in agony. 26 And, besides all this, a vast chasm is immovably fixed between us and you, put there in order that those who desire to cross from this side to you may not be able, nor any be able to cross over from your side to us.' 27 "`I entreat you then, father,' said he, `to send him to my father's house. 28 For I have five brothers. Let him earnestly warn them, lest they also come to this place of torment.' 29 "`They have Moses and the Prophets,' replied Abraham; `let them hear them.' 30 "`No, father Abraham,' he pleaded; `but if some one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.' 31 "`If they are deaf to Moses and the Prophets,' replied Abraham, `they would not be led to believe even if some one should rise from the dead.'"

Chapter 17

1 Jesus said to His disciples, "It is inevitable that causes of stumbling should come; but alas for him through whom they come! 2 It would be well for him if, with a millstone round his neck, he were lying at the bottom of the sea, rather than that he should cause even one of these little ones to fall. 3 Be on your guard. "If your brother acts wrongly, reprove him; and if he is sorry, forgive him; 4 and if seven times in a day he acts wrongly towards you, and seven times turns again to you and says, `I am sorry,' you must forgive him." 5 And the Apostles said to the Lord, "Give us faith." 6 "If your faith," replied the Lord, "is like a mustard seed, you might command this black-mulberry-tree, `Tear up your roots and plant yourself in the sea,' and instantly it would obey you. 7 But which of you who has a servant ploughing, or tending sheep, will say to him when he comes in from the farm, `Come at once and take your place at table,' 8 and will not rather say to him, `Get my dinner ready, make yourself tidy, and wait upon me till I have finished my dinner, and then you shall have yours'? 9 Does he thank the servant for obeying his orders? 10 So you also, when you have obeyed all the orders given you, must say, "`There is no merit in our service: what we have done is only what we were in duty bound to do.'" 11 As they pursued their journey to Jerusalem, He passed through Samaria and Galilee. 12 And as He entered a certain village, ten men met Him who were lepers and stood at a distance. 13 In loud voices they cried out, "Jesus, Rabbi, take pity on us." 14 Perceiving this, He said to them, "Go and show yourselves to the Priests." And while on their way to do this they were made clean. 15 One of them, seeing that he was cured, came back, adoring and praising God in a loud voice, 16 and he threw himself at the feet of Jesus, thanking Him. He was a Samaritan. 17 "Were not all ten made clean?" Jesus asked; "but where are the nine? 18 Have none been found to come back and give glory to God except this foreigner?" 19 And He said to him, "Rise and go: your faith has cured you." 20 Being asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God was coming, He answered, "The Kingdom of God does not so come that you can stealthily watch for it. 21 Nor will they say, `See here!' or `See there!' --for the Kingdom of God is within you." 22 Then, turning to His disciples, He said, "There will come a time when you will wish you could see a single one of the days of the Son of Man, but will not see one. 23 And they will say to you, `See there!' `See here!' Do not start off and go in pursuit. 24 For just as the lightning, when it flashes, shines from one part of the horizon to the opposite part, so will the Son of Man be on His day. 25 But first He must endure much suffering, and be rejected by the present generation. 26 "And as it was in the time of Noah, so will it also be in the time of the Son of Man. 27 Men were eating and drinking, taking wives and giving wives, up to the very day on which Noah entered the Ark, and the Deluge came and destroyed them all. 28 The same was true in the time of Lot: they were eating and drinking, buying and selling, planting and building; 29 but on the day that Lot left Sodom, God rained fire and brimstone from the sky and destroyed them all. 30 Exactly so will it be on the day that the veil is lifted from the Son of Man. 31 "On that day, if a man is on the roof and his property indoors, let him not go down to fetch it; and, in the same way, he who is in the field, let him not turn back. 32 Remember Lot's wife. 33 Any man who makes it his object to keep his own life safe, will lose it; but whoever loses his life will preserve it. 34 On that night, I tell you, there will be two men in one bed: one will be taken away and the other left behind. 35 There will be two women turning the mill together: one will be taken away and the other left behind." 36 [] 37 "Where, Master?" they inquired. "Where the dead body is," He replied, "there also will the vultures flock together."

Chapter 18

1 He also taught them by a parable that they must always pray and never lose heart. 2 "In a certain town," He said, "there was a judge who had no fear of God and no respect for man. 3 And in the same town was a widow who repeatedly came and entreated him, saying, "`Give me justice and stop my oppressor.' 4 "For a time he would not, but afterwards he said to himself, "`Though I have neither reverence for God nor respect for man, 5 yet because she annoys me I will give her justice, to prevent her from constantly coming to pester me.'" 6 And the Lord said, "Hear those words of the unjust judge. 7 And will not God avenge the wrongs of His own People who cry aloud to Him day and night, although He seems slow in taking action on their behalf? 8 Yes, He will soon avenge their wrongs. Yet, when the Son of Man comes, will He find faith on earth?" 9 And to some who relied on themselves as being righteous men, and looked down upon all others, He addressed this parable. 10 "Two men went up to the Temple to pray," He said; "one being a Pharisee and the other a tax-gatherer. 11 The Pharisee, standing erect, prayed as follows by himself: "`O God, I thank Thee that I am not like other people--I am not a thief nor a cheat nor an adulterer, nor do I even resemble this tax-gatherer. 12 I fast twice a week. I pay the tithe on all my gains.' 13 "But the tax-gatherer, standing far back, would not so much as lift his eyes to Heaven, but kept beating his breast and saying, "`O God, be reconciled to me, sinner that I am.' 14 "I tell you that this man went home more thoroughly absolved from guilt than the other; for every one who uplifts himself will be humbled, but he who humbles himself will be uplifted." 15 On one occasion people also brought with them their infants, for Him to touch them; but the disciples, noticing this, proceeded to find fault with them. 16 Jesus however called the infants to Him. "Let the little children come to me," He said; "do not hinder them; for it is to those who are childlike that the Kingdom of God belongs. 17 I tell you in solemn truth that, whoever does not receive the Kingdom of God like a little child will certainly not enter it." 18 The question was put to Him by a Ruler: "Good Rabbi, what shall I do to inherit the Life of the Ages?" 19 "Why do you call me good?" replied Jesus; "there is no one good but One, namely God. 20 You know the Commandments: `Do not commit adultery;' `Do not murder;' `Do not steal;' `Do not lie in giving evidence;' `Honour thy father and thy mother.'" 21 "All of those," he replied, "I have kept from my youth." 22 On receiving this answer Jesus said to him, "There is still one thing wanting in you. Sell everything you possess and give the money to the poor, and you shall have wealth in Heaven; and then come, follow me." 23 But on hearing these words he was deeply sorrowful, for he was exceedingly rich. 24 Jesus saw his sorrow, and said, "With how hard a struggle do the possessors of riches ever enter the Kingdom of God! 25 Why, it is easier for a camel to go through a needle's eye than for a rich man to enter the Kingdom of God." 26 "Who then can be saved?" exclaimed the hearers. 27 "Things impossible with man," He replied, "are possible with God." 28 Then Peter said, "See, we have given up our homes and have followed you." 29 "I solemnly tell you," replied Jesus, "that there is no one who has left house or wife, or brothers or parents or children, for the sake of God's Kingdom, 30 who shall not certainly receive many times as much in this life, and in the age that is coming the Life of the Ages." 31 Then He drew the Twelve to Him and said, "See, we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything written in the Prophets which refers to the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 32 For He will be given up to the Gentiles, and be mocked, outraged and spit upon. 33 They will scourge Him and put Him to death, and on the third day He will rise to life again." 34 Nothing of this did they understand. The words were a mystery to them, nor could they see what He meant. 35 As Jesus came near to Jericho, there was a blind man sitting by the way-side begging. 36 He heard a crowd of people going past, and inquired what it all meant. 37 "Jesus the Nazarene is passing by," they told him. 38 Then, at the top of his voice, he cried out, "Jesus, son of David, take pity on me." 39 Those in front reproved him and tried to silence him; but he continued shouting, louder than ever, "Son of David, take pity on me." 40 At length Jesus stopped and desired them to bring the man to Him; and when he had come close to Him He asked him, 41 "What shall I do for you?" "Sir," he replied, "let me recover my sight." 42 "Recover your sight," said Jesus: "your faith has cured you." 43 No sooner were the words spoken than the man regained his sight and followed Jesus, giving glory to God; and all the people, seeing it, gave praise to God.

Chapter 19

1 So He entered Jericho and was passing through the town. 2 There was a man there called Zacchaeus, who was the local surveyor of taxes, and was wealthy. 3 He was anxious to see what sort of man Jesus was; but he could not because of the crowd, for he was short in stature. 4 So he ran on in front and climbed up a mulberry tree to see Him; for He was about to pass that way. 5 As soon as Jesus came to the place, He looked up and said to him, "Zacchaeus, come down quickly, for I must stay at your house to-day." 6 So he came down in haste, and welcomed Him joyfully. 7 When they all saw this, they began to complain with indignation. "He has gone in to be the guest of a notorious sinner!" they said. 8 Zacchaeus however stood up, and addressing the Lord said, "Here and now, Master, I give half my property to the poor, and if I have unjustly exacted money from any man, I pledge myself to repay to him four times the amount." 9 Turning towards him, Jesus replied, "To-day salvation has come to this house, seeing that he too is a son of Abraham. 10 For the Son of Man has come to seek and to save that which was lost." 11 As they were listening to His words, He went on to teach them by a parable, because He was near to Jerusalem and they supposed that the Kingdom of God was going to appear immediately. 12 So He said to them, "A man of noble family travelled to a distant country to obtain the rank of king, and to return. 13 And he called ten of his servants and gave each of them a pound, instructing them to trade with the money during his absence. 14 "Now his countrymen hated him, and sent a deputation after him to say, `We are not willing that he should become our king.' 15 And upon his return, after he had obtained the sovereignty, he ordered those servants to whom he had given the money to be summoned before him, that he might learn their success in trading. 16 "So the first came and said, "`Sir, your pound has produced ten pounds more.' 17 "`Well done, good servant,' he replied; `because you have been faithful in a very small matter, be in authority over ten towns.' 18 "The second came, and said, "`Your pound, Sir, has produced five pounds.' 19 "So he said to this one also, "`And you, be the governor of five towns.' 20 "The next came. "`Sir,' he said, `here is your pound, which I have kept wrapt up in a cloth. 21 For I was afraid of you, because you are a severe man: you take up what you did not lay down, and you reap what you did not sow.' 22 "`By your own words,' he replied, `I will judge you, you bad servant. You knew me to be a severe man, taking up what I did not lay down, and reaping what I did not sow: 23 why then did you not put my money into a bank, that when I came I might have received it back with interest? 24 "And he said to those who stood by, "`Take the pound from him and give it to him who has the ten pounds.' 25 ("They said to him, "`Sir, he already has ten pounds.') 26 "`I tell you that to every one who has anything, more shall be given; and from him who has not anything, even what he has shall be taken away. 27 But as for those enemies of mine who were unwilling that I should become their king, bring them here, and cut them to pieces in my presence.'" 28 After thus speaking, He journeyed onward, proceeding up to Jerusalem. 29 And when he was come near Bethphage and Bethany, at the Mount called the Oliveyard, He sent two of the disciples on in front, 30 saying to them, "Go into the village facing you. On entering it you will find an ass's foal tied up which no one has ever yet ridden: untie it, and bring it here. 31 And if any one asks you, `Why are you untying the colt?' simply say, `The Master needs it.'" 32 So those who were sent went and found things as He had told them. 33 And while they were untying the colt the owners called out, "Why are you untying the colt?" 34 and they replied, "The Master needs it." 35 Then they brought it to Jesus, and after throwing their outer garments on the colt they placed Jesus on it. 36 So He rode on, while they carpeted the road with their garments. 37 And when He was now getting near Jerusalem, and descending the Mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began in their joy to praise God in loud voices for all the mighty deeds they had witnessed. 38 "Blessed is the King," they cried, "who comes in the name of the Lord: in Heaven peace, and glory in the highest realms." 39 Thereupon some of the Pharisees in the crowd appealed to Him, saying, "Rabbi, reprove your disciples." 40 "I tell you," He replied, "that if they became silent, the very stones would cry out." 41 When He came into full view of the city, He wept aloud over it, and exclaimed, 42 "O that at this time thou hadst known--yes even thou--what makes peace possible! But now it is hid from thine eyes. 43 For the time is coming upon thee when thy foes will throw up around thee earthworks and a wall, investing thee and hemming thee in on every side. 44 And they will dash thee to the ground and thy children within thee, and will not leave one stone upon another within thee; because thou hast not recognized the time of thy visitation." 45 Then Jesus entered the Temple and proceeded to drive out the dealers. 46 "It is written," He said, "`And My house shall be the House of Prayer,' but you have made it a robbers' cave." 47 And day after day He taught in the Temple, while the High Priests and the Scribes were devising some means of destroying Him, as were also the leading men of the people. 48 But they could not find any way of doing it, for the people all hung upon His lips.

Chapter 20

1 On one of those days while He was teaching the people in the Temple and proclaiming the Good News, the High Priests came upon Him, and the Scribes, 2 together with the Elders, and they asked Him, "Tell us, By what authority are you doing these things? And who is it that gave you this authority?" 3 "I also will put a question to you, "He said; 4 "was John's baptism of Heavenly or of human origin?" 5 So they debated the matter with one another. "If we say `Heavenly,'" they argued, "he will say, `Why did you not believe him?' 6 And if we say, `human,' the people will all stone us; for they are thoroughly convinced that John was a Prophet." 7 And they answered that they did not know the origin of it. 8 "Nor will I tell you," said Jesus, "by what authority I do these things." 9 Then He proceeded to speak a parable to the people. "There was a man," He said, "who planted a vineyard, let it out to vine-dressers, and went abroad for a considerable time. 10 At vintage-time he sent a servant to the vine-dressers, for them to give him a share of the crop; but the vine-dressers beat him cruelly and sent him away empty-handed. 11 Then he sent a second servant; and him too they beat and ill treated and sent away empty-handed. 12 Then again he sent a third; and this one also they wounded and drove away. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said, "`What am I to do? I will send my son--my dearly-loved son: they will probably respect him.' 14 "But when the vine-dressers saw him, they discussed the matter with one another, and said, "`This is the heir: let us kill him, that the inheritance may be ours.' 15 "So they turned him out of the vineyard and murdered him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 He will come and put these vine-dressers to death, and give the vineyard to others." "God forbid!" exclaimed the hearers. 17 He looked at them and said, "What then does that mean which is written, "`The Stone which the builders rejected has been made the cornerstone'? 18 Every one who falls on that stone will be severely hurt, but on whomsoever it falls, he will be utterly crushed." 19 At this the Scribes and the High Priests wanted to lay hands on Him, then and there; only they were afraid of the people. For they saw that in this parable He had referred to them. 20 So, after impatiently watching their opportunity, they sent spies who were to act the part of good and honest men, that they might fasten on some expression of His, so as to hand Him over to the ruling power and the Governor's authority. 21 So they put a question to Him. "Rabbi," they said, "we know that you say and teach what is right and that you make no distinctions between one man and another, but teach God's way truly. 22 Is it allowable to pay a tax to Caesar, or not?" 23 But He saw through their knavery and replied, 24 "Show me a shilling; whose likeness and inscription does it bear?" "Caesar's," they said. 25 "Pay therefore," He replied, "what is Caesar's to Caesar--and what is God's to God." 26 There was nothing here that they could lay hold of before the people, and marvelling at His answer they said no more. 27 Next some of the Sadducees came forward (who deny that there is a Resurrection), and they asked Him, 28 "Rabbi, Moses made it a law for us that if a man's brother should die, leaving a wife but no children, the man shall marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother. 29 Now there were seven brothers. The first of them took a wife and died childless. 30 The second and the third also took her; 31 and all seven, having done the same, left no children when they died. 32 Finally the woman also died. 33 The woman, then--at the Resurrection--whose wife shall she be? for they all seven married her." 34 "The men of this age," replied Jesus, "marry, and the women are given in marriage. 35 But as for those who shall have been deemed worthy to find a place in that other age and in the Resurrection from among the dead, the men do not marry and the women are not given in marriage. 36 For indeed they cannot die again; they are like angels, and are sons of God through being sons of the Resurrection. 37 But that the dead rise to life even Moses clearly implies in the passage about the Bush, where he calls the Lord `The God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.' 38 He is not a God of dead, but of living men, for to Him are all living." 39 Then some of the Scribes replied, "Rabbi, you have spoken well." 40 From that time, however, no one ventured to challenge Him with a single question. 41 But He asked them, "How is it they say that the Christ is a son of David? 42 Why, David himself says in the Book of Psalms, "`The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at My right hand 43 Until I have made thy foes a footstool under they feet.' 44 "David himself therefore calls Him Lord, and how can He be his son?" 45 Then, in the hearing of all the people, He said to the disciples, 46 "Beware of the Scribes, who like to walk about in long robes, and love to be bowed to in places of public resort and to occupy the best seats in the synagogues or at a dinner party; 47 who swallow up the property of widows and mask their wickedness by making long prayers. They will be punished far more severely than others."

Chapter 21

1 Looking up He saw the people throwing their gifts into the Treasury--the rich people. 2 He also saw a poor widow dropping in two farthings, 3 and He said, "In truth I tell you that this widow, so poor, has thrown in more than any of them. 4 For from what they could well spare they have all of them contributed to the offerings, but she in her need has thrown in all she had to live on." 5 When some were remarking about the Temple, how it was embellished with beautiful stones and dedicated gifts, He said, 6 "As to these things which you now admire, the time is coming when there will not be one stone left here upon another which will not be pulled down." 7 "Rabbi, when will this be?" they asked Him, "and what will be the token given when these things are about to take place?" 8 "See to it," He replied, "that you are not misled; for many will come assuming my name and professing, `I am He,' or saying, `The time is close at hand.' Do not go and follow them. 9 But when you hear of wars and turmoils, be not afraid; for these things must happen first, but the end does not come immediately." 10 Then He said to them, "Nation will rise in arms against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11 And there will be great earthquakes, and in places famines and pestilence; and there will be terrible sights and wonderful tokens from Heaven. 12 "But before all these things happen they will lay hands on you and persecute you. They will deliver you up to synagogues and to prison, and you will be brought before kings and governors for my sake. 13 In the end all this will be evidence of your fidelity. 14 "Make up your minds, however, not to prepare a defence beforehand, 15 for I will give you utterance and wisdom which none of your opponents will be able to withstand or reply to. 16 You will be betrayed even by parents, brothers, relatives, friends; and some of you they will put to death. 17 You will be the objects of universal hatred because you are called by my name; 18 and yet not a hair of your heads shall perish. 19 By your patient endurance you will purchase your lives. 20 "But when you see Jerusalem with armies encamping round her on every side, then be certain that her overthrow is close at hand. 21 Then let those who shall be in Judaea escape to the hills; let those who are in the city leave it, and those who are in the country not enter in. 22 For those are the days of vengeance and of fulfilling all that is written. 23 "Alas for the women who at that time are with child or who have infants; for there will be great distress in the land, and anger towards this People. 24 They will fall by the sword, or be carried off into slavery among all the Gentiles. And Jerusalem will be trampled under foot by the Gentiles, till the appointed times of the Gentiles have expired. 25 "There will be signs in sun, moon, and stars; and on earth anguish among the nations in their bewilderment at the roaring of the sea and its billows; 26 while men's hearts are fainting for fear, and for anxious expectation of what is coming on the world. For the forces which control the heavens will be disordered and disturbed. 27 And then will they see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with great power and glory. 28 But when all this is beginning to take place, grieve no longer. Lift up your heads, because your deliverance is drawing near." 29 And He spoke a parable to them. "See," He said, "the fig-tree and all the trees. 30 As soon as they have shot out their leaves, you know at a glance that summer is now near. 31 So also, when you see these things happening, you may be sure that the Kingdom of God is near. 32 I tell you in solemn truth that the present generation will certainly not pass away without all these things having first taken place. 33 Earth and sky will pass away, but it is certain that my words will not pass away. 34 "But take heed to yourselves, lest your souls be weighed down with self-indulgence and drunkenness or the anxieties of this life, and that day come upon you, suddenly, like a falling trap; 35 for it will come on all dwellers on the face of the whole earth. 36 But beware of slumbering; and every moment pray that you may be fully strengthened to escape from all these coming evils, and to take your stand in the presence of the Son of Man." 37 His habit at this time was to teach in the Temple by day, but to go out and spend the night on the Mount called the Oliveyard. 38 And all the people came to Him in the Temple, early in the morning, to listen to Him.

Chapter 22

1 Meanwhile the Festival of the Unleavened Bread, called the Passover, was approaching, 2 and the High Priests and the Scribes were contriving how to destroy Him. But they feared the people. 3 Satan, however, entered into Judas (the man called Iscariot) who was one of the Twelve. 4 He went and conferred with the High Priests and Commanders as to how he should deliver Him up to them. 5 This gave them great pleasure, and they agreed to pay him. 6 He accepted their offer, and then looked out for an opportunity to betray Him when the people were not there. 7 When the day of the Unleavened Bread came--the day for the Passover lamb to be sacrificed-- 8 Jesus sent Peter and John with instructions. "Go," He said, "and prepare the Passover for us, that we may eat it." 9 "Where shall we prepare it?" they asked. 10 "You will no sooner have entered the city," He replied, "than you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him into the house to which he goes, 11 and say to the master of the house, "`The Rabbi asks you, Where is the room where I can eat the Passover with my disciples?' 12 "And he will show you a large furnished room upstairs. There make your preparations." 13 So they went and found all as He had told them; and they got the Passover ready. 14 When the time was come, and He had taken His place at table, and the Apostles with Him, 15 He said to them, "Earnestly have I longed to eat this Passover with you before I suffer; 16 for I tell you that I certainly shall not eat one again till its full meaning has been brought out in the Kingdom of God." 17 Then, having received the cup and given thanks, He said, "Take this and share it among yourselves; 18 for I tell you that from this time I will never drink the produce of the vine till the Kingdom of God has come." 19 Then, taking a Passover biscuit, He gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to them, saying, "This is my body which is being given on your behalf: this do in remembrance of me." 20 He gave them the cup in like manner, when the meal was over. "This cup," He said, "is the new Covenant ratified by my blood which is to be poured out on your behalf. 21 Yet the hand of him who is betraying me is at the table with me. 22 For indeed the Son of Man goes on His way--His pre-destined way; yet alas for that man who is betraying Him!" 23 Thereupon they began to discuss with one another which of them it could possibly be who was about to do this. 24 There arose also a dispute among them which of them should be regarded as greatest. 25 But He said to them, "The kings of the Gentiles are their masters, and those who exercise authority over them are called Benefactors. 26 With you it is not so; but let the greatest among you be as the younger, and the leader be like him who serves. 27 For which is the greater--he who sits at table, or he who waits on him? Is it not he who sits at table? But my position among you is that of one who waits on others. 28 You however have remained with me amid my trials; 29 and I covenant to give you, as my Father has covenanted to give me, a Kingdom-- 30 so that you shall eat and drink at my table in my Kingdom, and sit on thrones as judges over the twelve tribes of Israel. 31 "Simon, Simon, I tell you that Satan has obtained permission to have all of you to sift as wheat is sifted. 32 But I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail, and you, when at last you have come back to your true self, must strengthen your brethren." 33 "Master," replied Peter, "with you I am ready to go both to prison and to death." 34 "I tell you, Peter," said Jesus, "that the cock will not crow to-day till you have three times denied that you know me." 35 Then He asked them, "When I sent you out without purse or bag or shoes, was there anything you needed?" "No, nothing," they replied. 36 "But now," said He, "let the one who has a purse take it, and he who has a bag must do the same. And let him who has no sword sell his outer garment and buy one. 37 For I tell you that those words of Scripture must yet find their fulfilment in me: `And He was reckoned among the lawless'; for indeed that saying about me has its accomplishment." 38 "Master, here are two swords," they exclaimed. "That is enough," He replied. 39 On going out, He proceeded as usual to the Mount of Olives, and His disciples followed Him. 40 But when He arrived at the place, He said to them, "Pray that you may not come into temptation." 41 But He Himself withdrew from them about a stone's throw, and knelt down and prayed repeatedly, saying, 42 "Father, if it be Thy will, take this cup away from me; yet not my will but Thine be done!" 43 And there appeared to Him an angel from Heaven, strengthening Him; 44 while He--an agony of distress having come upon Him--prayed all the more with intense earnestness, and His sweat became like clots of blood dropping on the ground. 45 When He rose from his prayer and came to His disciples, He found them sleeping for sorrow. 46 "Why are you sleeping?" He said; "stand up; and pray that you may not come into temptation." 47 While He was still speaking there came a crowd with Judas, already mentioned as one of the Twelve, at their head. He went up to Jesus to kiss Him. 48 "Judas," said Jesus, "are you betraying the Son of Man with a kiss?" 49 Those who were about Him, seeing what was likely to happen, asked Him, "Master, shall we strike with the sword?" 50 And one of them struck a blow at the High Priest's servant and cut off his right ear. 51 "Permit me thus far," said Jesus. And He touched the ear and healed it. 52 Then Jesus said to the High Priests and Commanders of the Temple and Elders, who had come to arrest Him, "Have you come out as if to fight with a robber, with swords and cudgels? 53 While day after day I was with you in the Temple, you did not lay hands upon me; but to you belongs this hour--and the power of darkness." 54 And they arrested Him and led Him away, and brought Him to the High Priest's house, while Peter followed a good way behind. 55 And when they had lighted a fire in the middle of the court and had seated themselves in a group round it, Peter was sitting among them, 56 when a maidservant saw him sitting by the fire, and, looking fixedly at him, she said, "This man also was with him." 57 But he denied it, and declared, "Woman, I do not know him." 58 Shortly afterwards a man saw him and said, "You, too, are one of them." "No, man, I am not," said Peter. 59 After an interval of about an hour some one else stoutly maintained: "Certainly this fellow also was with him, for in fact he is a Galilaean." 60 "Man, I don't know what you mean," replied Peter. No sooner had he spoken than a cock crowed. 61 The Master turned and looked on Peter; and Peter recollected the Master's words, how He had said to him, "This very day, before the cock crows, you will disown me three times." 62 And he went out and wept aloud bitterly. 63 Meanwhile the men who held Jesus in custody repeatedly beat Him in cruel sport, 64 or blindfolded Him, and then challenged Him. "Prove to us," they said, "that you are a prophet, by telling us who it was that struck you." 65 And they said many other insulting things to Him. 66 As soon as it was day, the whole body of the Elders, both High Priests and Scribes, assembled. Then He was brought into their Sanhedrin, and they asked Him, 67 "Are you the Christ? Tell us." "If I tell you," He replied, "you will certainly not believe; 68 and if I ask you questions, you will certainly not answer. 69 But from this time forward the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of God's omnipotence." 70 Thereupon they cried out with one voice, "You, then, are the Son of God?" "It is as you say," He answered; "I am He." 71 "What need have we of further evidence?" they said; "for we ourselves have heard it from his own lips."

Chapter 23

1 Then the whole assembly rose and brought Him to Pilate, and began to accuse Him. 2 "We have found this man," they said, "an agitator among our nation, forbidding the payment of tribute to Caesar, and claiming to be himself an anointed king." 3 Then Pilate asked Him, "You, then, are the King of the Jews?" "It is as you say," He replied. 4 Pilate said to the High Priests and to the crowd, "I can find no crime in this man." 5 But they violently insisted. "He stirs up the people," they said, "throughout all Judaea with His teaching--even from Galilee (where He first started) to this city." 6 On hearing this, Pilate inquired, "Is this man a Galilaean?" 7 And learning that He belonged to Herod's jurisdiction he sent Him to Herod, for he too was in Jerusalem at that time. 8 To Herod the sight of Jesus was a great gratification, for, for a long time, he had been wanting to see Him, because he had heard so much about Him. He hoped also to see some miracle performed by Him. 9 So he put a number of questions to Him, but Jesus gave him no reply. 10 Meanwhile the High Priests and the Scribes were standing there and vehemently accusing Him. 11 Then, laughing to scorn the claims of Jesus, Herod (and his soldiers with him) made sport of Him, dressed Him in a gorgeous costume, and sent Him back to Pilate. 12 And on that very day Herod and Pilate became friends again, for they had been for some time at enmity. 13 Then calling together the High Priests and the Rulers and the people, Pilate said, 14 "You have brought this man to me on a charge of corrupting the loyalty of the people. But, you see, I have examined him in your presence and have discovered in the man no ground for the accusations which you bring against him. 15 No, nor does Herod; for he has sent him back to us; and, you see, there is nothing he has done that deserves death. 16 I will therefore give him a light punishment and release him." 17 [] 18 Then the whole multitude burst out into a shout. "Away with this man," they said, "and release Barabbas to us" 19 --Barabbas! who had been lodged in jail for some time in connexion with a riot which had occurred in the city, and for murder. 20 But Pilate once more addressed them, wishing to set Jesus free. 21 They, however, persistently shouted, "Crucify, crucify him!" 22 A third time he appealed to them: "Why, what crime has the man committed? I have discovered in him nothing that deserves death. I will therefore give him a light punishment and release him." 23 But they urgently insisted, demanding with frantic outcries that He should be crucified; and their clamour prevailed. 24 So Pilate gave judgement, yielding to their demand. 25 The man who was lying in prison charged with riot and murder and for whom they clamoured he set free, but Jesus he gave up to be dealt with as they desired. 26 As soon as they led Him away, they laid hold on one Simon, a Cyrenaean, who was coming in from the country, and on his shoulders they put the cross, for him to carry it behind Jesus. 27 A vast crowd of the people also followed Him, and of women who were beating their breasts and wailing for Him. 28 But Jesus turned towards them and said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For a time is coming when they will say, `Blessed are the women who never bore children, and the breasts which have never given nourishment.' 30 Then will they begin to say to the mountains, `Fall on us;' and to the hills, `Cover us.' 31 For if they are doing these things in the case of the green tree, what will be done in that of the dry?" 32 They brought also two others, criminals, to put them to death with Him. 33 When they reached the place called `The Skull,' there they nailed Him to the cross, and the criminals also, one at His right hand and one at His left. 34 Jesus prayed, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they are doing." And they divided His garments among them, drawing lots for them; 35 and the people stood looking on. The Rulers, too, repeatedly uttered their bitter taunts. "This fellow," they said, "saved others: let him save himself, if he is God's Anointed, the Chosen One." 36 And the soldiers also made sport of Him, coming and offering Him sour wine and saying, 37 "Are you the King of the Jews? Save yourself, then!" 38 There was moreover a writing over His head: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS. 39 Now one of the criminals who had been crucified insulted Him, saying, "Are not you the Christ? Save yourself and us." 40 But the other, answering, reproved him. "Do you also not fear God," he said, "when you are actually suffering the same punishment? 41 And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving due requital for what we have done. But He has done nothing amiss." 42 And he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come in your Kingdom." 43 "I tell you in solemn truth," replied Jesus, "that this very day you shall be with me in Paradise." 44 It was now about noon, and a darkness came over the whole country till three o'clock in the afternoon. 45 The sun was darkened, and the curtain of the Sanctuary was torn down the middle, 46 and Jesus cried out in a loud voice, and said, "Father, to Thy hands I entrust my spirit." And after uttering these words He yielded up His spirit. 47 The Captain, seeing what had happened, gave glory to God, saying, "Beyond question this man was innocent." 48 And all the crowds that had come together to this sight, after seeing all that had occurred, returned to the city beating their breasts. 49 But all His acquaintances, and the women who had been His followers after leaving Galilee, continued standing at a distance and looking on. 50 There was a member of the Council of the name of Joseph, a kind-hearted and upright man, 51 who came from the Jewish town of Arimathaea and was awaiting the coming of the Kingdom of God. He had not concurred in the design or action of the Council, 52 and now he went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53 Then, taking it down, he wrapped it in a linen sheet and laid it in a tomb in the rock, where no one else had yet been put. 54 It was the Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was near at hand. 55 The women--those who had come with Jesus from Galilee--followed close behind, and saw the tomb and how His body was placed. 56 Then they returned, and prepared spices and perfumes. On the Sabbath they rested in obedience to the Commandment.

Chapter 24

1 And, on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they came to the tomb bringing the spices they had prepared. 2 But they found the stone rolled back from the tomb, 3 and on entering they found that the body of the Lord Jesus was not there. 4 At this they were in great perplexity, when suddenly there stood by them two men whose raiment flashed like lightning. 5 The women were terrified; but, as they stood with their faces bowed to the ground, the men said to them, "Why do you search among the dead for Him who is living? 6 He is not here. He has come back to life. Remember how He spoke to you while He was still in Galilee, 7 when He told you that the Son of Man must be betrayed into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and on the third day rise again." 8 Then they remembered His words, 9 and returning from the tomb they reported all this to the Eleven and to all the rest. 10 The women were Mary of Magdala, Joanna, and Mary the mother of James; and they and the rest of the women related all this to the Apostles. 11 But the whole story seemed to them an idle tale; they could not believe the women. 12 Peter, however, rose and ran to the tomb. Stooping and looking in, he saw nothing but the linen cloths: so he went away to his own home, wondering at what had happened. 13 On that same day two of the disciples were walking to Emmaus, a village seven or eight miles from Jerusalem, 14 and were conversing about all these recent events; 15 and, in the midst of their conversation and discussion, Jesus Himself came and joined them, 16 though they were prevented from recognizing Him. 17 "What is the subject," He asked them, "on which you are talking so earnestly, as you walk?" And they stood still, looking full of sorrow. 18 Then one of them, named Cleopas, answered, "Are you a stranger lodging alone in Jerusalem, that you have known nothing of the things that have lately happened in the city?" 19 "What things?" He asked. "The things about Jesus the Nazarene," they said, "who was a Prophet powerful in work and word before God and all the people; 20 and how our High Priests and Rulers delivered Him up to be sentenced to death, and crucified Him. 21 But we were hoping that it was He who was about to ransom Israel. Yes, and moreover it was the day before yesterday that these things happened. 22 And, besides, some of the women of our company have amazed us. They went to the tomb at daybreak, 23 and, finding that His body was not there, they came and declared to us that they had also seen a vision of angels who said that He was alive. 24 Thereupon some of our party went to the tomb and found things just as the women had said; but Jesus Himself they did not see." 25 "O dull-witted men," He replied, "with minds so slow to believe all that the Prophets have spoken! 26 Was there not a necessity for the Christ thus to suffer, and then enter into His glory?" 27 And, beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, He explained to them the passages in Scripture which refer to Himself. 28 When they had come near the village to which they were going, He appeared to be going further. 29 But they pressed Him to remain with them. "Because," said they, "it is getting towards evening, and the day is nearly over." So He went in to stay with them. 30 But as soon as He had sat down with them, and had taken the bread and had blessed and broken it, and was handing it to them, 31 their eyes were opened and they recognized Him. But He vanished from them. 32 "Were not our hearts," they said to one another, "burning within us while He talked to us on the way and explained the Scriptures to us?" 33 So they rose and without an hour's delay returned to Jerusalem, and found the Eleven and the rest met together, who said to them, 34 "Yes, it is true: the Master has come back to life. He has been seen by Simon." 35 Then they related what had happened on the way, and how He had been recognized by them in the breaking of the bread. 36 While they were thus talking, He Himself stood in their midst and said, "Peace be to you!" 37 Startled, and in the utmost alarm, they thought they were looking at a spirit; 38 but He said to them, "Why such alarm? And why are there such questionings in your minds? 39 See my hands and my feet--it is my very self. Feel me and see, for a spirit has not flesh and bones as you see I have." 40 And then He showed them His hands and His feet. 41 But, while they still could not believe it for joy and were full of astonishment, He asked them, "Have you any food here?" 42 And they gave Him a piece of roasted fish, 43 and He took it and ate it in their presence. 44 And He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you--that everything must be fulfilled that is written in the Law of Moses and in the Prophets and the Psalms concerning me." 45 Then He opened their minds to understand the Scriptures, 46 and He said, "Thus it is written that the Christ would suffer and on the third day rise again from among the dead; 47 and that proclamation would be made, in His name, of repentance and forgiveness of sins to all the nations, beginning in Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses as to these things. 49 And remember that I am about to send out my Father's promised gift to rest upon you. But, as for you, wait patiently in the city until you are clothed with power from on high." 50 And He brought them out to within view of Bethany, and then lifted up His hands and blessed them. 51 And while He was blessing them, He parted from them and was carried up into Heaven. 52 They worshipped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy. 53 Afterwards they were continually in attendance at the Temple, blessing God.

John

Chapter 1

1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing that exists came into being. 4 In Him was Life, and that Life was the Light of men. 5 The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overpowered it. 6 There was a man sent from God, whose name was John. 7 He came as a witness, in order that he might give testimony concerning the Light--so that all might believe through him. 8 He was not the Light, but he existed that he might give testimony concerning the Light. 9 The true Light was that which illumines every man by its coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world came into existence through Him, and the world did not recognize Him. 11 He came to the things that were His own, and His own people gave Him no welcome. 12 But all who have received Him, to them--that is, to those who trust in His name--He has given the privilege of becoming children of God; 13 who were begotten as such not by human descent, nor through an impulse of their own nature, nor through the will of a human father, but from God. 14 And the Word came in the flesh, and lived for a time in our midst, so that we saw His glory--the glory as of the Father's only Son, sent from His presence. He was full of grace and truth. 15 John gave testimony concerning Him and cried aloud, saying, "This is He of whom I said, `He who is coming after me has been put before me,' for He was before me." 16 For He it is from whose fulness we have all received, and grace upon grace. 17 For the Law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No human eye has ever seen God: the only Son, who is in the Father's bosom--He has made Him known. 19 This also is John's testimony, when the Jews sent to him a deputation of Priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him who he was. 20 He avowed--he did not conceal the truth, but avowed, "I am not the Christ." 21 "What then?" they inquired; "are you Elijah?" "I am not," he said. "Are you the Prophet?" "No," he answered. 22 So they pressed the question. "Who are you?" they said--"that we may take an answer to those who sent us. What account do you give of yourself?" 23 "I am the voice," he replied, "of one crying aloud, `Make straight the Lord's way in the Desert,' fulfilling the words of the Prophet Isaiah." 24 They were Pharisees who had been sent. 25 Again they questioned him. "Why then do you baptize," they said, "if you are neither the Christ nor Elijah nor the Prophet?" 26 "I baptize in water only," John answered, "but in your midst stands One whom you do not know-- 27 He who is to come after me, and whose sandal-strap I am not worthy to unfasten." 28 This conversation took place at Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing. 29 The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and exclaimed, "Look, that is the Lamb of God who is to take away the sin of the world! 30 This is He about whom I said, `After me is to come One who has been put before me, because He was before me.' 31 I did not yet know Him; but that He may be openly shown to Israel is the reason why I have come baptizing in water." 32 John also gave testimony by stating: "I have seen the Spirit coming down like a dove out of Heaven; and it remained upon Him. 33 I did not yet know Him, but He who sent me to baptize in water said to me, "`The One on whom you see the Spirit coming down, and remaining, He it is who baptizes in the Holy Spirit.' 34 "This I have seen, and I have become a witness that He is the Son of God." 35 Again the next day John was standing with two of his disciples, 36 when he saw Jesus passing by, and said, "Look! that is the Lamb of God!" 37 The two disciples heard his exclamation, and they followed Jesus. 38 Then Jesus turned round, and seeing them following He asked them, "What is your wish?" "Rabbi," they replied--`Rabbi' means `Teacher' --"where are you staying?" 39 "Come and you shall see," He said. So they went and saw where He was staying, and they remained and spent that day with Him. It was then about ten o'clock in the morning. 40 Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, was one of the two who heard John's exclamation and followed Jesus. 41 He first found his own brother Simon, and said to him, "We have found the Messiah!" --that is to say, the Anointed One. 42 He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, "You are Simon, son of John: you shall be called Cephas" --that is to say, Peter (or `Rock'). 43 The next day, having decided to leave Bethany and go into Galilee, Jesus found Philip, and invited him to follow Him. 44 (Now Philip came from Bethsaida, the same town as Andrew and Peter.) 45 Then Philip found Nathanael, and said to him, "We have found him about whom Moses in the Law wrote, as well as the Prophets--Jesus, the son of Joseph, a man of Nazareth." 46 "Can anything good come out of Nazareth?" replied Nathanael. "Come and see," said Philip. 47 Jesus saw Nathanael approaching, and said of him, "Look! here is a true Israelite, in whom there is no deceitfulness!" 48 "How do you know me?" Nathanael asked. "Before Philip called you," said Jesus, "when you were under the fig-tree I saw you." 49 "Rabbi," cried Nathanael, "you are the Son of God, you are Israel's King!" 50 "Because I said to you, `I saw you under the fig-tree,'" replied Jesus, "do you believe? You shall see greater things than that." 51 "I tell you all in most solemn truth," He added, "that you shall see Heaven opened wide, and God's angels going up, and coming down to the Son of Man."

Chapter 2

1 Two days later there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there, 2 and Jesus also was invited and His disciples. 3 Now the wine ran short; whereupon the mother of Jesus said to Him, "They have no wine." 4 "Leave the matter in my hands," He replied; "the time for me to act has not yet come." 5 His mother said to the attendants, "Whatever he tells you to do, do it." 6 Now there were six stone jars standing there (in accordance with the Jewish regulations for purification), each large enough to hold twenty gallons or more. 7 Jesus said to the attendants, "Fill the jars with water." And they filled them to the brim. 8 Then He said, "Now, take some out, and carry it to the President of the feast." 9 So they carried some to him. And no sooner had the President tasted the water now turned into wine, than--not knowing where it came from, though the attendants who had drawn the water knew--he called to the bridegroom 10 and said to him, "It is usual to put on the good wine first, and when people have drunk freely, then that which is inferior. But you have kept the good wine till now." 11 This, the first of His miracles, Jesus performed at Cana in Galilee, and thus displayed His glorious power; and His disciples believed in Him. 12 Afterwards He went down to Capernaum--He, and His mother, and His brothers, and His disciples; and they made a short stay there. 13 But the Jewish Passover was approaching, and for this Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14 And He found in the Temple the dealers in cattle and sheep and in pigeons, and the money-changers sitting there. 15 So He plaited a whip of rushes, and drove all--both sheep and bullocks--out of the Temple. The small coin of the brokers He upset on the ground and overturned their tables. 16 And to the pigeon-dealers He said, "Take these things away. Do not turn my Father's house into a market." 17 This recalled to His disciples the words of Scripture, "My zeal for Thy House will consume me." 18 So the Jews asked Him, "What proof of your authority do you exhibit to us, seeing that you do these things?" 19 "Demolish this Sanctuary," said Jesus, "and in three days I will rebuild it." 20 "It has taken forty-six years," replied the Jews, "to build this Sanctuary, and will you rebuild it in three days?" 21 But He was speaking of the Sanctuary of His body. 22 When however He had risen from among the dead, His disciples recollected that He had said this; and they believed the Scripture and the teaching which Jesus had given them. 23 Now when He was in Jerusalem, at the Festival of the Passover, many became believers in Him through watching the miracles He performed. 24 But for His part, Jesus did not trust Himself to them, because He knew them all, 25 and did not need any one's testimony concerning a man, for He of Himself knew what was in the man.

Chapter 3

1 Now there was one of the Pharisees whose name was Nicodemus--a ruler among the Jews. 2 He came to Jesus by night and said, "Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher from God; for no one can do these miracles which you are doing, unless God is with him. 3 "In most solemn truth I tell you," answered Jesus, "that unless a man is born anew he cannot see the Kingdom of God." 4 "How is it possible," Nicodemus asked, "for a man to be born when he is old? Can he a second time enter his mother's womb and be born?" 5 "In most solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that unless a man is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of God. 6 Whatever has been born of the flesh is flesh, and whatever has been born of the Spirit is spirit. 7 Do not be astonished at my telling you, `You must all be born anew.' 8 The wind blows where it chooses, and you hear its sound, but you do not know where it comes from or where it is going. So is it with every one who has been born of the Spirit." 9 "How is all this possible?" asked Nicodemus. 10 "Are you," replied Jesus, "`the Teacher of Israel,' and yet do you not understand these things? 11 In most solemn truth I tell you that we speak what we know, and give testimony of that of which we were eye-witnesses, and yet you all reject our testimony. 12 If I have told you earthly things and none of you believe me, how will you believe me if I tell you of things in Heaven? 13 There is no one who has gone up to Heaven, but there is One who has come down from Heaven, namely the Son of Man whose home is in Heaven. 14 And just as Moses lifted high the serpent in the Desert, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15 in order that every one who trusts in Him may have the Life of the Ages." 16 For so greatly did God love the world that He gave His only Son, that every one who trusts in Him may not perish but may have the Life of Ages. 17 For God did not send His Son into the world to judge the world, but that the world might be saved through Him. 18 He who trusts in Him does not come up for judgement. He who does not trust has already received sentence, because he has not his trust resting on the name of God's only Son. 19 And this is the test by which men are judged--the Light has come into the world, and men loved the darkness more than they loved the Light, because their deeds were wicked. 20 For every wrongdoer hates the light, and does not come to the light, for fear his actions should be exposed and condemned. 21 But he who does what is honest and right comes to the light, in order that his actions may be plainly shown to have been done in God. 22 After this Jesus and His disciples went into Judaea; and there He made a stay in company with them and baptized. 23 And John too was baptizing at Aenon, near Salim, because there were many pools of water there; and people came and received baptism. 24 (For John was not yet in prison.) 25 As the result, a discussion having arisen on the part of John's disciples with a Jew about purification, 26 they came to John and reported to him, "Rabbi, he who was with you on the other side of the Jordan and to whom you bore testimony is now baptizing, and great numbers of people are resorting to him." 27 "A man cannot obtain anything," replied John, "unless it has been granted to him from Heaven. 28 You yourselves can bear witness to my having said, `I am not the Christ,' but `I am His appointed forerunner.' 29 He who has the bride is the bridegroom; and the bridegroom's friend who stands by his side and listens to him, rejoices heartily on account of the bridegroom's happiness. Therefore this joy of mine is now complete. 30 He must grow greater, but I must grow less. 31 He who comes from above is above all. He whose origin is from the earth is not only himself from the earth, his teaching also is from the earth. He who comes from Heaven is above all. 32 What He has seen and heard, to that He bears witness; but His testimony no one receives. 33 Any man who has received His testimony has solemnly declared that God is true. 34 For He whom God has sent speaks God's words; for God does not give the Spirit with limitations." 35 The Father loves the Son and has entrusted everything to His hands. 36 He who believes in the Son has the Life of the Ages; he who disobeys the Son will not enter into Life, but God's anger remains upon him.

Chapter 4

1 Now as soon as the Master was aware that the Pharisees had heard it said, "Jesus is gaining and baptizing more disciples than John"-- 2 though Jesus Himself did not baptize them, but His disciples did-- 3 He left Judaea and returned to Galilee. 4 His road lay through Samaria, 5 and so He came to Sychar, a town in Samaria near the piece of land that Jacob gave to his son Joseph. 6 Jacob's Well was there: and accordingly Jesus, tired out with His journey, sat down by the well to rest. It was about six o'clock in the evening. 7 Presently there came a woman of Samaria to draw water. Jesus asked her to give Him some water; 8 for His disciples were gone to the town to buy provisions. 9 "How is it," replied the woman, "that a Jew like you asks me, who am a woman and a Samaritan, for water?" (For Jews have no dealings with Samaritans.) 10 "If you had known God's free gift," replied Jesus, "and who it is that said to you, `Give me some water,' you would have asked Him, and He would have given you living water." 11 "Sir," she said, "you have nothing to draw with, and the well is deep; so where can you get the living water from? 12 Are you greater than our forefather Jacob, who gave us the well, and himself drank from it, as did also his sons and his cattle?" 13 "Every one," replied Jesus, "who drinks any of this water will be thirsty again; 14 but whoever drinks any of the water that I shall give him will never, never thirst. But the water that I shall give him will become a fountain within him of water springing up for the Life of the Ages." 15 "Sir," said the woman, "give me that water, that I may never be thirsty, nor continually come all the way here to draw from the well." 16 "Go and call your husband," said Jesus; "and come back." 17 "I have no husband," she replied. "You rightly say that you have no husband," said Jesus; 18 "for you have had five husbands, and the man you have at present is not your husband. You have spoken the truth in saying that." 19 "Sir," replied the woman, "I see that you are a Prophet. 20 Our forefathers worshipped on this mountain, but you Jews say that the place where people must worship is in Jerusalem." 21 "Believe me," said Jesus, "the time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22 You worship One of whom you know nothing. We worship One whom we know; for salvation comes from the Jews. 23 But a time is coming--nay, has already come--when the true worshippers will worship the Father with true spiritual worship; for indeed the Father desires such worshippers. 24 God is Spirit; and those who worship Him must bring Him true spiritual worship." 25 "I know," replied the woman, "that Messiah is coming--`the Christ,' as He is called. When He has come, He will tell us everything." 26 "I am He," said Jesus--"I who am now talking to you." 27 Just then His disciples came, and were surprised to find Him talking with a woman. Yet not one of them asked Him, "What is your wish?" or "Why are you talking with her?" 28 The woman however, leaving her pitcher, went away to the town, and called the people. 29 "Come," she said, "and see a man who has told me everything I have ever done. Can this be the Christ, do you think?" 30 They left the town and set out to go to Him. 31 Meanwhile the disciples were urging Jesus. "Rabbi," they said, "eat something." 32 "I have food to eat," He replied, "of which you do not know." 33 So the disciples began questioning one another. "Can it be," they said, "that some one has brought Him something to eat?" 34 "My food," said Jesus, "is to be obedient to Him who sent me, and fully to accomplish His work. 35 Do you not say, `It wants four months yet to the harvest'? But look round, I tell you, and observe these plains-- they are already ripe for the sickle. 36 The reaper gets pay and gathers in a crop in preparation for the Life of the Ages, that so the sower and the reapers may rejoice together. 37 For it is in this that you see the real meaning of the saying, `The sower is one person, and the reaper is another.' 38 I sent you to reap a harvest which is not the result of your own labours. Others have laboured, and you are getting benefit from their labours." 39 Of the Samaritan population of that town a good many believed in Him because of the woman's statement when she declared, "He has told me all that I have ever done." 40 When however the Samaritans came to Him, they asked Him on all sides to stay with them; and He stayed there two days. 41 Then a far larger number of people believed because of His own words, 42 and they said to the woman, "We no longer believe in Him simply because of your statements; for we have now heard for ourselves, and we know that this man really is the Saviour of the world." 43 After the two days He departed, and went into Galilee; 44 though Jesus Himself declared that a Prophet has no honour in his own country. 45 When however He reached Galilee, the Galilaeans welcomed Him eagerly, having been eye-witnesses of all that He had done in Jerusalem at the Festival; for they also had been to the Festival. 46 So He came once more to Cana in Galilee, where He had made the water into wine. Now there was a certain officer of the King's court whose son was ill at Capernaum. 47 Having heard that Jesus had come from Judaea to Galilee, he came to Him and begged Him to go down and cure his son; for he was at the point of death. 48 "Unless you and others see miracles and marvels," said Jesus, "nothing will induce you to believe." 49 "Sir," pleaded the officer, "come down before my child dies." 50 "You may return home," replied Jesus; "your son has recovered." He believed the words of Jesus, and started back home; 51 and he was already on his way down when his servants met him and told him that his son was alive and well. 52 So he inquired of them at what hour he had shown improvement. "Yesterday, about seven o'clock," they replied, "the fever left him." 53 Then the father recollected that that was the time at which Jesus had said to him, "Your son has recovered," and he and his whole household became believers. 54 This is the second miracle that Jesus performed, after coming from Judaea into Galilee.

Chapter 5

1 After this there was a Festival of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2 Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheep Gate a pool, called in Hebrew `Bethesda.' It has five arcades. 3 In these there used to lie a great number of sick persons, and of people who were blind or lame or paralyzed. 4 [] 5 And there was one man there who had been an invalid for thirty-eight years. 6 Jesus saw him lying there, and knowing that he had been a long time in that condition, He asked him, "Do you wish to have health and strength?" 7 "Sir," replied the sufferer, "I have no one to put me into the pool when the water is moved; but while I am coming some one else steps down before me." 8 "Rise," said Jesus, "take up your mat and walk." 9 Instantly the man was restored to perfect health, and he took up his mat and began to walk. 10 That day was a Sabbath. So the Jews said to the man who had been cured, "It is the Sabbath: you must not carry your mat." 11 "He who cured me," he replied, "said to me, `Take up your mat and walk.'" 12 "Who is it," they asked, "that said to you, `Take up your mat and walk'?" 13 But the man who had been cured did not know who it was; for Jesus had passed out unnoticed, there being a crowd in the place. 14 Afterwards Jesus found him in the Temple and said to him, "You are now restored to health. Do not sin any more, or a worse thing may befall you." 15 The man went and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had restored him to health; 16 and on this account the Jews began to persecute Jesus--because He did these things on the Sabbath. 17 His reply to their accusation was, "My Father works unceasingly, and so do I." 18 On this account then the Jews were all the more eager to put Him to death--because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also spoke of God as being in a special sense His Father, thus putting Himself on a level with God. 19 "In most solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that the Son can do nothing of Himself--He can only do what He sees the Father doing; for whatever He does, that the Son does in like manner. 20 For the Father loves the Son and reveals to Him all that He Himself is doing. And greater deeds than these will He reveal to Him, in order that you may wonder. 21 For just as the Father awakens the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to whom He wills. 22 The Father indeed does not judge any one, but He has entrusted all judgement to the Son, 23 that all may honour the Son even as they honour the Father. The man who withholds honour from the Son withholds honour from the Father who sent Him. 24 "In most solemn truth I tell you that he who listens to my teaching and believes Him who sent me, has the Life of the Ages, and does not come under judgement, but has passed over out of death into Life. 25 "In most solemn truth I tell you that a time is coming--nay, has already come--when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear it will live. 26 For just as the Father has life in Himself, so He has also given to the Son to have life in Himself. 27 And He has conferred on Him authority to act as Judge, because He is the Son of Man. 28 Wonder not at this. For a time is coming when all who are in the graves will hear His voice and will come forth-- 29 they who have done what is right to the resurrection of Life, and they whose actions have been evil to the resurrection of judgement. 30 "I can of my own self do nothing. As I am bidden, so I judge; and mine is a just judgement, because it is not my own will that guides me, but the will of Him who sent me. 31 "If I give testimony concerning myself, my testimony cannot be accepted. 32 There is Another who gives testimony concerning me, and I know that the testimony is true which He offers concerning me. 33 "You sent to John, and he both was and still is a witness to the truth. 34 But the testimony on my behalf which I accept is not from man; though I say all this in order that you may be saved. 35 He was the lamp that burned and shone, and for a time you were willing to be gladdened by his light. 36 "But the testimony which I have is weightier than that of John; for the work the Father has assigned to me for me to bring it to completion--the very work which I am doing--affords testimony concerning me that the Father has sent me. 37 And the Father who sent me, He has given testimony concerning me. None of you have ever either heard His voice or seen what He is like. 38 Nor have you His word dwelling within you, for you refuse to believe Him whom He has sent. 39 "You search the Scriptures, because you suppose that in them you will find the Life of the Ages; and it is those Scriptures that yield testimony concerning me; 40 and yet you are unwilling to come to me that you may have Life. 41 "I do not accept glory from man, 42 but I know you well, and I know that in your hearts you do not really love God. 43 I have come as my Father's representative, and you do not receive me. If some one else comes representing only himself, him you will receive. 44 How is it possible for you to believe, while you receive glory from one another and have no desire for the glory that comes from the only God? 45 "Do not suppose that I will accuse you to the Father. There is one who accuses you, namely Moses, on whom your hope rests. 46 For if you believe Moses, you would believe me; for he wrote about me. 47 But if you disbelieve his writings, how are you to believe my words?"

Chapter 6

1 After this Jesus went away across the Lake of Galilee (that is, the Lake of Tiberias). 2 A vast multitude followed Him, because they witnessed the miracles on the sick which He was constantly performing. 3 Then Jesus went up the hill, and sat there with His disciples. 4 The Jewish Festival, the Passover, was at hand. 5 And when He looked round and saw an immense crowd coming towards Him, He said to Philip, "Where shall we buy bread for all these people to eat?" 6 He said this to put Philip to the test, for He Himself knew what He was going to do. 7 "Seven pounds' worth of bread," replied Philip, "is not enough for them all to get even a scanty meal." 8 One of His disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, said to Him, 9 "There is a boy here with five barley loaves and a couple of fish: but what is that among so many?" 10 "Make the people sit down," said Jesus. The ground was covered with thick grass; so they sat down, the adult men numbering about 5,000. 11 Then Jesus took the loaves, and after giving thanks He distributed them to those who were resting on the ground; and also the fish in like manner--as much as they desired. 12 When all were fully satisfied, He said to His disciples, "Gather up the broken portions that remain over, so that nothing be lost." 13 Accordingly they gathered them up; and with the fragments of the five barley loaves--the broken portions that remained over after they had done eating--they filled twelve baskets. 14 Thereupon the people, having seen the miracle He had performed, said, "This is indeed the Prophet who was to come into the world." 15 Perceiving, however, that they were about to come and carry Him off by force to make Him a king, Jesus withdrew again up the hill alone by Himself. 16 When evening came on, His disciples went down to the Lake. 17 There they got on board a boat, and pushed off to cross the Lake to Capernaum. By this time it had become dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them. 18 The Lake also was getting rough, because a strong wind was blowing. 19 When, however, they had rowed three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the water and coming near the boat. 20 They were terrified; but He called to them. "It is I," He said, "do not be afraid." 21 Then they were willing to take Him on board; and in a moment the boat reached the shore at the point to which they were going. 22 Next morning the crowd who were still standing about on the other side of the Lake found that there had been but one small boat there, and they had seen that Jesus did not go on board with His disciples, but that His disciples went away without Him. 23 Yet a number of small boats came from Tiberias to the neighbourhood of the place where they had eaten the bread after the Lord had given thanks. 24 When however the crowd saw that neither Jesus nor His disciples were there, they themselves also took boats and came to Capernaum to look for Jesus. 25 So when they had crossed the Lake and had found Him, they asked Him, "Rabbi, when did you come here?" 26 "In most solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that you are searching for me not because you have seen miracles, but because you ate the loaves and had a hearty meal. 27 Bestow your pains not on the food which perishes, but on the food that remains unto the Life of the Ages--that food which will be the Son of Man's gift to you; for on Him the Father, God, has set His seal." 28 "What are we to do," they asked, "in order to carry out the things that God requires?" 29 "This," replied Jesus, "is above all the thing that God requires--that you should be believers in Him whom He has sent." 30 "What miracle then," they asked, "do you perform for us to see and become believers in you? What do you do? 31 Our forefathers ate the manna in the Desert, as it is written, `He gave them bread out of Heaven to eat'." 32 "In most solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that Moses did not give you the bread out of Heaven, but my Father is giving you the bread--the true bread--out of Heaven. 33 For God's bread is that which comes down out of Heaven and gives Life to the world." 34 "Sir," they said, "always give us that bread." 35 "I am the bread of Life," replied Jesus; "he who comes to me shall never hunger, and he who believes in me shall never, never thirst. 36 But it is as I have said to you: you have seen me and yet you do not believe. 37 Every one whom the Father gives me will come to me, and him who comes to me I will never on any account drive away. 38 For I have left Heaven and have come down to earth not to seek my own pleasure, but to do the will of Him who sent me. 39 And this is the will of Him who sent me, that of all that He has given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it to life on the last day. 40 For this is my Father's will, that every one who fixes his gaze on the Son of God and believes in Him should have the Life of the Ages, and I will raise him to life on the last day." 41 Now the Jews began to find fault about Him because of His claiming to be the bread which came down out of Heaven. 42 They kept asking, "Is not this man Joseph's son? Is he not Jesus, whose father and mother we know? What does he mean by now saying, `I have come down out of Heaven'?" 43 "Do not thus find fault among yourselves," replied Jesus; 44 "no one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him; then I will raise him to life on the last day. 45 It stands written in the Prophets, `And they shall all of them be taught by God'. Every one who listens to the Father and learns from Him comes to me. 46 No one has ever seen the Father--except Him who is from God. He has seen the Father. 47 "In most solemn truth I tell you that he who believes has the Life of the Ages. 48 I am the bread of Life. 49 Your forefathers ate the manna in the Desert, and they died. 50 Here is the bread that comes down out of Heaven that a man may eat it and not die. 51 I am the living bread come down out of Heaven. If a man eats this bread, he shall live for ever. Moreover the bread which I will give is my flesh given for the life of the world." 52 This led to an angry debate among the Jews. "How can this man," they argued, "give us his flesh to eat?" 53 "In most solemn truth I tell you," said Jesus, "that unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no Life in you. 54 He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood has the Life of the Ages, and I will raise him up on the last day. 55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. 56 He who eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in union with me, and I remain in union with him. 57 As the ever-living Father has sent me, and I live because of the Father, so also he who eats me will live because of me. 58 This is the bread which came down out of Heaven; it is unlike that which your forefathers ate--for they ate and yet died. He who eats this bread shall live for ever." 59 Jesus said all this in the synagogue while teaching at Capernaum. 60 Many therefore of His disciples, when they heard it, said, "This is hard to accept. Who can listen to such teaching?" 61 But, knowing in Himself that His disciples were dissatisfied about it, Jesus asked them, 62 "Does this seem incredible to you? What then if you were to see the Son of Man ascending again where He was before? 63 It is the spirit which gives Life. The flesh confers no benefit whatever. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and are Life. 64 But there are some of you who do not believe." For Jesus knew from the beginning who those were that did not believe, and who it was that would betray Him. 65 So He added, "That is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it be granted him by the Father." 66 Thereupon many of His disciples left Him and went away, and no longer associated with Him. 67 Jesus therefore appealed to the Twelve. "Will you go also?" He asked. 68 "Master," replied Simon Peter, "to whom shall we go? Your teachings tell us of the Life of the Ages. 69 And we have come to believe and know that you are indeed the Holy One of God." 70 "Did not I choose you--the Twelve?" said Jesus, "and even of you one is a devil." 71 He alluded to Judas, the son of Simon the Iscariot. For he it was who, though one of the Twelve, was afterwards to betray Him.

Chapter 7

1 After this Jesus moved from place to place in Galilee. He would not go about in Judaea, because the Jews were seeking an opportunity to kill Him. 2 But the Jewish Festival of the Tent-Pitching was approaching. 3 So His brothers said to Him, "Leave these parts and go into Judaea, that not only we but your disciples also may witness the miracles which you perform. 4 For no one acts in secret, desiring all the while to be himself known publicly. Since you are doing these things, show yourself openly to the world." 5 For even His brothers were not believers in Him. 6 "My time," replied Jesus, "has not yet come, but for you any time is suitable. 7 It is impossible for the world to hate you; but me it does hate, because I give testimony concerning it that its conduct is evil. 8 As for you, go up to the Festival. I do not now go up to this Festival, because my time is not yet fully come." 9 Such was His answer, and He remained in Galilee. 10 When however His brothers had gone up to the Festival, then He also went up, not openly, but as it were privately. 11 Meanwhile the Jews at the Festival were looking for Him and were inquiring, "Where is he?" 12 Among the mass of the people there was much muttered debate about Him. Some said, "He is a good man." Others said, "Not so: he is imposing on the people." 13 Yet for fear of the Jews no one spoke out boldly about Him. 14 But when the Festival was already half over, Jesus went up to the Temple and commenced teaching. 15 The Jews were astonished. "How does this man know anything of books," they said, "although he has never been at any of the schools?" 16 Jesus answered their question by saying, "My teaching does not belong to me, but comes from Him who sent me. 17 If any one is willing to do His will, he shall know about the teaching, whether it is from God or originates with me. 18 The man whose teaching originates with himself aims at his own glory. He who aims at the glory of Him who sent him teaches the truth, and there is no deception in him. 19 Did not Moses give you the Law? And yet not a man of you obeys the Law. Why do you want to kill me?" 20 "You are possessed by a demon," replied the crowd; "no one wants to kill you." 21 "One deed I have done," replied Jesus, "and you are all full of wonder. 22 Consider therefore. Moses gave you the rite of circumcision (not that it began with Moses, but with your earlier forefathers), and even on a Sabbath day you circumcise a child. 23 If a child is circumcised even on a Sabbath day, are you bitter against me because I have restored a man to perfect health on a Sabbath day? 24 Do not form superficial judgements, but form the judgements that are just." 25 Some however of the people of Jerusalem said, "Is not this the man they are wanting to kill? 26 But here he is, speaking openly and boldly, and they say nothing to him! Can the Rulers really have ascertained that this man is the Christ? 27 And yet we know this man, and we know where he is from; but as for the Christ, when He comes, no one can tell where He is from." 28 Jesus therefore, while teaching in the Temple, cried aloud, and said, "Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from. And yet I have not come of my own accord; but there is One who has sent me, an Authority indeed, of whom you have no knowledge. 29 I know Him, because I came from Him, and He sent me." 30 On hearing this they wanted to arrest Him; yet not a hand was laid on Him, because His time had not yet come. 31 But from among the crowd a large number believed in Him. "When the Christ comes," they said, "will He perform more miracles than this teacher has performed?" 32 The Pharisees heard the people thus expressing their various doubts about Him, and the High Priests and the Pharisees sent some officers to apprehend Him. 33 So Jesus said, "Still for a short time I am with you, and then I go my way to Him who sent me. 34 You will look for me and will not find me, and where I am you cannot come." 35 The Jews therefore said to one another, "Where is he about to betake himself, so that we shall not find him? Will he betake himself to the Dispersion among the Gentiles, and teach the Gentiles? 36 What do those words of his mean, `You will look for me, but will not find me, and where I am you cannot come'?" 37 On the last day of the Festival--the great day--Jesus stood up and cried aloud. "Whoever is thirsty," He said, "let him come to me and drink. 38 He who believes in me, from within him--as the Scripture has said--rivers of living water shall flow." 39 He referred to the Spirit which those who believed in Him were to receive; for the Spirit was not bestowed as yet, because Jesus had not yet been glorified. 40 After listening to these discourses, some of the crowd began to say, "This is beyond doubt the Prophet." 41 Others said, "He is the Christ." But others again, "Not so, for is the Christ to come from Galilee? 42 Has not the Scripture declared that the Christ is to come of the family of David and from Bethlehem, David's village?" 43 So there was a violent dissension among the people on His account. 44 Some of them wanted at once to arrest Him, but no one laid hands upon Him. 45 Meanwhile the officers returned to the High Priests and Pharisees, who asked them, "Why have you not brought him?" 46 "No mere man has ever spoken as this man speaks," said the officers. 47 "Are you deluded too?" replied the Pharisees; 48 "has any one of the Rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him? 49 But this rabble who understand nothing about the Law are accursed!" 50 Nicodemus interposed--he who had formerly gone to Jesus, being himself one of them. 51 "Does our Law," he asked, "judge a man without first hearing what he has to say and ascertaining what his conduct is?" 52 "Do you also come from Galilee?" they asked in reply. "Search and see for yourself that no Prophet is of Galilaean origin." 53 [So they went away to their several homes;

Chapter 8

1 but Jesus went to the Mount of Olives. 2 At break of day however He returned to the Temple, and there the people came to Him in crowds. He seated Himself; 3 and was teaching them when the Scribes and the Pharisees brought to Him a woman who had been found committing adultery. They made her stand in the centre of the court, and they put the case to Him. 4 "Rabbi," they said, "this woman has been found in the very act of committing adultery. 5 Now, in the Law, Moses has ordered us to stone such women to death. But what do you say?" 6 They asked this in order to put Him to the test, so that they might have some charge to bring against Him. But Jesus leant forward and began to write with His finger on the ground. 7 When however they persisted with their question, He raised His head and said to them, "Let the sinless man among you be the first to throw a stone at her." 8 Then He leant forward again, and again began to write on the ground. 9 They listened to Him, and then, beginning with the eldest, took their departure, one by one, till all were gone. And Jesus was left behind alone--and the woman in the centre of the court. 10 Then, raising His head, Jesus said to her, "Where are they? Has no one condemned you?" 11 "No one, Sir," she replied. "And I do not condemn you either," said Jesus; "go, and from this time do not sin any more."] 12 Once more Jesus addressed them. "I am the Light of the world," He said; "the man who follows me shall certainly not walk in the dark, but shall have the light of Life." 13 "You are giving testimony about yourself," said the Pharisees; "your testimony is not true." 14 "Even if I am giving testimony about myself," replied Jesus, "my testimony is true; for I know where I came from and where I am going, but you know neither of these two things. 15 You judge according to appearances: I am judging no one. 16 And even if I do judge, my judgement is just; for I am not alone, but the Father who sent me is with me. 17 In your own Law, too, it is written that the testimony of two men is true. 18 I am one giving testimony about myself, and the Father who sent me gives testimony about me." 19 "Where is your Father?" they asked. "You know my Father as little as you know me." He replied; "if you knew me, you would know my Father also." 20 These sayings He uttered in the Treasury, while teaching in the Temple; yet no one arrested Him, because His time had not yet come. 21 Again He said to them, "I am going away. Then you will try to find me, but you will die in your sins. Where I am going, it is impossible for you to come." 22 The Jews began to ask one another, "Is he going to kill himself, do you think, that he says, `Where I am going, it is impossible for you to come'?" 23 "You," He continued, "are from below, I am from above: you are of this present world, I am not of this present world. 24 That is why I told you that you will die in your sins; for, unless you believe that I am He, that is what will happen." 25 "You--who are you?" they asked. "How is it that I am speaking to you at all?" replied Jesus. 26 "Many things I have to speak and to judge concerning you. But He who sent me is true, and the things which I have heard from Him are those which I have come into the world to speak." 27 They did not perceive that He was speaking to them of the Father. 28 So Jesus added, "When you have lifted up the Son of Man, then you will know that I am He. Of myself I do nothing; but as the Father has taught me, so I speak. 29 And He who sent me is with me. He has not left me alone: for I do always what is pleasing to Him." 30 As He thus spoke, many became believers in Him. 31 Jesus therefore said to those of the Jews who had now believed in Him, "As for you, if you hold fast to my teaching, then you are truly my disciples; 32 and you shall know the Truth, and the Truth will make you free." 33 "We are descendants of Abraham," they answered, "and have never at any time been in slavery to any one. What do those words of yours mean, `You shall become free'?" 34 "In most solemn truth I tell you," replied Jesus, "that every one who commits sin is the slave of sin. 35 Now a slave does not remain permanently in his master's house, but a son does. 36 If then the Son shall make you free, you will be free indeed. 37 You are descendants of Abraham, I know; but you want to kill me, because my teaching gains no ground within you. 38 The words I speak are those I have learnt in the presence of the Father. Therefore you also should do what you have heard from your father." 39 "Our father is Abraham," they said. "If you were Abraham's children," replied Jesus, "it is Abraham's deeds that you would be doing. 40 But, in fact, you are longing to kill me, a man who has spoken to you the truth which I have heard from God. Abraham did not do that. 41 You are doing the deeds of your father." "We," they replied, "are not illegitimate children. We have one Father, namely God." 42 "If God were your Father," said Jesus, "you would love me; for it is from God that I came and I am now here. I have not come of myself, but He sent me. 43 How is it you do not understand me when I speak? It is because you cannot bear to listen to my words. 44 The father whose sons you are is the Devil; and you desire to do what gives him pleasure. He was a murderer from the beginning, and does not stand firm in the truth--for there is no truth in him. Whenever he utters his lie, he utters it out of his own store; for he is a liar, and the father of lies. 45 But because I speak the truth, you do not believe me. 46 Which of you convicts me of sin? If I speak the truth, why do you not believe me? 47 He who is a child of God listens to God's words. You do not listen to them: and why? It is because you are not God's children." 48 "Are we not right," answered the Jews, "in saying that you are a Samaritan and are possessed by a demon?" 49 "I am not possessed by a demon," replied Jesus. "On the contrary I honour my Father, and you dishonour me. 50 I, however, am not aiming at glory for myself: there is One who aims at glory for me--and who judges. 51 In most solemn truth I tell you that if any one shall have obeyed my teaching he shall in no case ever see death." 52 "Now," exclaimed the Jews, "we know that you are possessed by a demon. Abraham died, and so did the Prophets, and yet you say, `If any one shall have obeyed my teaching, he shall in no case ever taste death.' 53 Are you really greater than our forefather Abraham? For he died. And the prophets died. Who do you make yourself out to be?" 54 "Were I to glorify myself," answered Jesus, "I should have no real glory. There is One who glorifies me--namely my Father, who you say is your God. 55 You do not know Him, but I know Him perfectly; and were I to deny my knowledge of Him, I should resemble you, and be a liar. On the contrary I do know Him, and I obey His commands. 56 Abraham your forefather exulted in the hope of seeing my day: and he saw it, and was glad." 57 "You are not yet fifty years old," cried the Jews, "and have you seen Abraham?" 58 "In most solemn truth," answered Jesus, "I tell you that before Abraham came into existence, I am." 59 Thereupon they took up stones with which to stone Him, but He hid Himself and went away out of the Temple.

Chapter 9

1 As He passed by, He saw a man who had been blind from his birth. 2 So His disciples asked Him, "Rabbi, who sinned--this man or his parents--that he was born blind?" 3 "Neither he nor his parents sinned," answered Jesus, "but he was born blind in order that God's mercy might be openly shown in him. 4 We must do the works of Him who sent me while there is daylight. Night is coming on, when no one can work. 5 When I am in the world, I am the Light of the world." 6 After thus speaking, He spat on the ground, and then, kneading the dust and spittle into clay, He smeared the clay over the man's eyes and said to him, 7 "Go and wash in the pool of Siloam" --the name means `Sent.' So he went and washed his eyes, and returned able to see. 8 His neighbours, therefore, and the other people to whom he had been a familiar object because he was a beggar, began asking, "Is not this the man who used to sit and beg?" 9 "Yes it is," replied some of them. "No it is not," said others, "but he is like him." His own statement was, "I am the man." 10 "How then were your eyes opened?" they asked. 11 "He whose name is Jesus," he answered, "made clay and smeared my eyes with it, and then told me to go to Siloam and wash. So I went and washed and obtained sight." 12 "Where is he?" they inquired, but the man did not know. 13 They brought him to the Pharisees--the man who had been blind. 14 Now the day on which Jesus made the clay and opened the man's eyes was the Sabbath. 15 So the Pharisees renewed their questioning as to how he had obtained his sight. "He put clay on my eyes," he replied, "and I washed, and now I can see." 16 This led some of the Pharisees to say, "That man has not come from God, for he does not keep the Sabbath." "How is it possible for a bad man to do such miracles?" argued others. 17 And there was a division among them. So again they asked the once blind man, "What is your account of him? --for he opened your eyes." "He is a Prophet," he replied. 18 The Jews, however, did not believe the statement concerning him--that he had been blind and had obtained his sight--until they called his parents and asked them, 19 "Is this your son, who you say was born blind? How is it then that he can now see?" 20 "We know," replied the parents, "that this is our son and that he was born blind; 21 but how it is that he can now see or who has opened his eyes we do not know. Ask him himself; he is of full age; he himself will give his own account of it." 22 Such was their answer, because they were afraid of the Jews; for the Jews had already settled among themselves that if any one should acknowledge Jesus as the Christ, he should be excluded from the synagogue. 23 That was why his parents said, "He is of full age: ask him himself." 24 A second time therefore they called the man who had been blind, and said, "Give God the praise: we know that that man is a sinner." 25 "Whether he is a sinner or not, I do not know," he replied; "one thing I know--that I was once blind and that now I can see." 26 "What did he do to you?" they asked; "how did he open your eyes?" 27 "I have told you already," he replied, "and you did not listen to me. Why do you want to hear it again? Do you also mean to be disciples of his?" 28 Then they railed at him, and said, "You are that man's disciple, but we are disciples of Moses. 29 We know that God spoke to Moses; but as for this fellow we do not know where he comes from." 30 "Why, this is marvellous!" the man replied; "you do not know where he comes from, and yet he has opened my eyes! 31 We know that God does not listen to bad people, but that if any one is a God-fearing man and obeys Him, to him He listens. 32 From the beginning of the world such a thing was never heard of as that any one should open the eyes of a man blind from his birth. 33 Had that man not come from God, he could have done nothing." 34 "You," they replied, "were wholly begotten and born in sin, and do you teach us?" And they put him out of the synagogue. 35 Jesus heard that they had done this. So having found him, He asked him, "Do you believe in the Son of God?" 36 "Who is He, Sir?" replied the man. "Tell me, so that I may believe in Him." 37 "You have seen Him," said Jesus; "and not only so: He is now speaking to you." 38 "I believe, Sir," he said. And he threw himself at His feet. 39 "I came into this world," said Jesus, "to judge men, that those who do not see may see, and that those who do see may become blind." 40 These words were heard by those of the Pharisees who were present, and they asked Him, "Are we also blind?" 41 "If you were blind," answered Jesus, "you would have no sin; but as a matter of fact you boast that you see. So your sin remains!"

Chapter 10

1 "In most solemn truth I tell you that the man who does not enter the sheepfold by the door, but climbs over some other way, is a thief and a robber. 2 But he who enters by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. 3 To him the porter opens the door, and the sheep hear his voice; and he calls his own sheep by their names and leads them out. 4 When he has brought out his own sheep--all of them--he walks at the head of them; and the sheep follow him, because they know his voice. 5 But a stranger they will by no means follow, but will run away from him, because they do not know the voice of strangers." 6 Jesus spoke to them in this figurative language, but they did not understand what He meant. 7 Again therefore Jesus said to them, "In most solemn truth I tell you that I am the Door of the sheep. 8 All who have come before me are thieves and robbers; but the sheep would not listen to them. 9 I am the Door. If any one enters by me, he will find safety, and will go in and out and find pasture. 10 The thief comes only to steal and kill and destroy: I have come that they may have Life, and may have it in abundance. 11 "I am the Good Shepherd. A good shepherd lays down his very life for the sheep. 12 The hired servant--one who is not a shepherd and does not own the sheep--no sooner sees the wolf coming than he leaves the sheep and runs away; and the wolf worries and scatters them. 13 For he is only a hired servant and cares nothing for the sheep. 14 "I am the Good Shepherd. And I know my sheep and my sheep know me, 15 just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I am laying down my life for the sheep. 16 I have also other sheep--which do not belong to this fold. Those also I must bring, and they will listen to my voice; and they shall become one flock under one Shepherd. 17 For this reason my Father loves me, because I am laying down my life in order to receive it back again. 18 No one is taking it away from me, but I myself am laying it down. I am authorized to lay it down, and I am authorized to receive it back again. This is the command I received from my Father." 19 Again there arose a division among the Jews because of these words. 20 Many of them said, "He is possessed by a demon and is mad. Why do you listen to him?" 21 Others argued, "That is not the language of a demoniac: and can a demon open blind men's eyes?" 22 The Dedication Festival came on in Jerusalem. It was winter, 23 and Jesus was walking in the Temple in Solomon's Portico, 24 when the Jews gathered round Him and kept asking Him, "How long do you mean to keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us so plainly." 25 "I have told you," answered Jesus, "and you do not believe. The deeds that I do in my Father's name--they give testimony about me. 26 But you do not believe, because you are not my sheep. 27 My sheep listen to my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. 28 I give them the Life of the Ages, and they shall never, never perish, nor shall any one wrest them from my hand. 29 What my Father has given me is more precious than all besides; and no one is able to wrest anything from my Father's hand. 30 I and the Father are one." 31 Again the Jews brought stones with which to stone Him. 32 Jesus remonstrated with them. "Many good deeds," He said, "have I shown you as coming from the Father; for which of them are you going to stone me?" 33 "For no good deed," the Jews replied, "are we going to stone you, but for blasphemy, and because you, who are only a man, are making yourself out to be God." 34 "Does it not stand written in your Law," replied Jesus, "`I said, you are gods'? 35 If those to whom God's word was addressed are called gods (and the Scripture cannot be annulled), 36 how is it that you say to one whom the Father consecrated and sent into the world, `You are blaspheming,' because I said, `I am God's Son'? 37 If the deeds I do are not my Father's deeds, do not believe me. 38 But if they are, then even if you do not believe me, at least believe the deeds, that you may know and see clearly that the Father is in me, and that I am in the Father." 39 This made them once more try to arrest Him, but He withdrew out of their power. 40 Then He went away again to the other side of the Jordan, to the place where John had been baptizing at first; and there He stayed. 41 Large numbers of people also came to Him. Their report was, "John did not work any miracle, but all that John said about this Teacher was true." 42 And many became believers in Him there.

Chapter 11

1 Now a certain man, named Lazarus, of Bethany, was lying ill-- Bethany being the village of Mary and her sister Martha. 2 (It was the Mary who poured the perfume over the Lord and wiped His feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was ill.) 3 So the sisters sent to Him to say, "Master, he whom you hold dear is ill." 4 Jesus received the message and said, "This illness is not to end in death, but is to promote the glory of God, in order that the Son of God may be glorified by it." 5 Now Jesus loved Martha, and her sister, and Lazarus. 6 When, however, He heard that Lazarus was ill, He still remained two days in that same place. 7 Then, after that, He said to the disciples, "Let us return to Judaea." 8 "Rabbi," exclaimed the disciples, "the Jews have just been trying to stone you, and do you think of going back there again?" 9 "Are there not twelve hours in the day?" replied Jesus. "If any one walks in the daytime, he does not stumble--because he sees the light of this world. 10 But if a man walks by night, he does stumble, because the light is not in him." 11 He said this, and afterwards He added, "Our friend Lazarus is sleeping, but I will go and wake him." 12 "Master," said the disciples, "if he is asleep he will recover." 13 Now Jesus had spoken of his death, but they thought He referred to the rest taken in ordinary sleep. 14 So then He told them plainly, 15 "Lazarus is dead; and for your sakes I am glad I was not there, in order that you may believe. But let us go to him." 16 "Let us go also," Thomas, the Twin, said to his fellow disciples, "that we may die with him." 17 On His arrival Jesus found that Lazarus had already been three days in the tomb. 18 Bethany was near Jerusalem, the distance being a little less than two miles; 19 and a considerable number of the Jews were with Martha and Mary, having come to express sympathy with them on the death of their brother. 20 Martha, however, as soon as she heard the tidings, "Jesus is coming," went to meet Him; but Mary remained sitting in the house. 21 So Martha came and spoke to Jesus. "Master, if you had been here," she said, "my brother would not have died. 22 And even now I know that whatever you ask God for, God will give you." 23 "Your brother shall rise again," replied Jesus. 24 "I know," said Martha, "that he will rise again at the resurrection, on the last day." 25 "I am the Resurrection and the Life," said Jesus; "he who believes in me, even if he has died, he shall live; 26 and every one who is living and is a believer in me shall never, never die. Do you believe this?" 27 "Yes, Master," she replied; "I thoroughly believe that you are the Christ, the Son of God, who was to come into the world." 28 After saying this, she went and called her sister Mary privately, telling her, "The Rabbi is here and is asking for you." 29 So she, on hearing that, rose up quickly to go to Him. 30 Now Jesus was not yet come into the village, but was still at the place where Martha had met Him. 31 So the Jews who were with Mary in the house sympathizing with her, when they saw that she had risen hastily and had gone out, followed her, supposing that she was going to the tomb to weep aloud there. 32 Mary then, when she came to Jesus and saw Him, fell at His feet and exclaimed, "Master, if you had been here, my brother would not have died." 33 Seeing her weeping aloud, and the Jews in like manner weeping who had come with her, Jesus, curbing the strong emotion of His spirit, 34 though deeply troubled, asked them, "Where have you laid him?" "Master, come and see," was their reply. 35 Jesus wept. 36 "See how dear he held him," said the Jews. 37 But others of them asked, "Was this man who opened the blind man's eyes unable to prevent this man from dying?" 38 Jesus, however, again restraining His strong feeling, came to the tomb. It was a cave, and a stone had been laid against the mouth of it. 39 "Take away the stone," said Jesus. Martha, the sister of the dead man, exclaimed, "Master, by this time there is a foul smell; for it is three days since he died." 40 "Did I not promise you," replied Jesus, "that if you believe, you shall see the glory of God?" 41 So they removed the stone. Then Jesus lifted up His eyes and said, "Father, I thank Thee that Thou hast heard me. 42 I know that Thou always hearest me; but for the sake of the crowd standing round I have said this--that they may believe that Thou didst send me." 43 After speaking thus, He called out in a loud voice, "Lazarus, come out." 44 The dead man came out, his hands and feet wrapped in cloths, and his face wrapped round with a towel. "Untie him," said Jesus, "and let him go free." 45 Thereupon a considerable number of the Jews--namely those who had come to Mary and had witnessed His deeds--became believers in Him; 46 though some of them went off to the Pharisees and told them what He had done. 47 Therefore the High Priests and the Pharisees held a meeting of the Sanhedrin. "What steps are we taking?" they asked one another; "for this man is performing a great number of miracles. 48 If we leave him alone in this way, everybody will believe in him, and the Romans will come and blot out both our city and our nation." 49 But one of them, named Caiaphas, being High Priest that year, said, "You know nothing about it. 50 You do not reflect that it is to your interest that one man should die for the people rather than the whole nation perish." 51 It was not as a mere man that he thus spoke. But being High Priest that year he was inspired to declare that Jesus was to die for the nation, 52 and not for the nation only, but in order to unite into one body all the far-scattered children of God. 53 So from that day forward they planned and schemed in order to put Him to death. 54 Therefore Jesus no longer went about openly among the Jews, but He left that neighbourhood and went into the district near the Desert, to a town called Ephraim, and remained there with the disciples. 55 The Jewish Passover was coming near, and many from that district went up to Jerusalem before the Passover, to purify themselves. 56 They therefore looked out for Jesus, and asked one another as they stood in the Temple, "What do you think? --will he come to the Festival at all?" 57 Now the High Priests and the Pharisees had issued orders that if any one knew where He was, he should give information, so that they might arrest Him.

Chapter 12

1 Jesus, however, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany, where Lazarus was whom He had raised from the dead. 2 So they gave a dinner there in honour of Jesus, at which Martha waited at table, but Lazarus was one of the guests who were with Him. 3 Availing herself of the opportunity, Mary took a pound weight of pure spikenard, very costly, and poured it over His feet, and wiped His feet with her hair, so that the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume. 4 Then said Judas (the Iscariot, one of the Twelve--the one who afterwards betrayed Jesus), 5 "Why was not that perfume sold for 300 shillings and the money given to the poor?" 6 The reason he said this was not that he cared for the poor, but that he was a thief, and that being in charge of the money-box, he used to steal what was put into it. 7 But Jesus interposed. "Do not blame her," He said, "allow her to have kept it for the time of my preparation for burial. 8 For the poor you always have with you, but you have not me always." 9 Now it became widely known among the Jews that Jesus was there; but they came not only on His account, but also in order to see Lazarus whom He had brought back to life. 10 The High Priests, however, consulted together to put Lazarus also to death, 11 for because of him many of the Jews left them and became believers in Jesus. 12 The next day a great crowd of those who had come to the Festival, hearing that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13 took branches of the palm trees and went out to meet Him, shouting as they went, "God save him! Blessings on him who comes in the name of the Lord--even on the King of Israel!" 14 And Jesus, having procured a young ass, sat upon it, just as the Scripture says, 15 "Fear not, Daughter of Zion! See, thy King is coming riding on an ass's colt." 16 The meaning of this His disciples did not understand at the time; but after Jesus was glorified they recollected that this was written about Him, and that they had done this to Him. 17 The large number of people, however, who had been present when He called Lazarus out of the tomb and brought him back to life, related what they had witnessed. 18 This was also why the crowd came to meet Him, because they had heard of His having performed that miracle. 19 The result was that the Pharisees said among themselves, "Observe how idle all your efforts are! The world is gone after him!" 20 Now some of those who used to come up to worship at the Festival were Greeks. 21 They came to Philip, of Bethsaida in Galilee, with the request, "Sir, we wish to see Jesus." 22 Philip came and told Andrew: Andrew and Philip told Jesus. 23 His answer was, "The time has come for the Son of Man to be glorified. 24 In most solemn truth I tell you that unless the grain of wheat falls into the ground and dies, it remains what it was--a single grain; but that if it dies, it yields a rich harvest. 25 He who holds his life dear, is destroying it; and he who makes his life of no account in this world shall keep it to the Life of the Ages. 26 If a man wishes to be my servant, let him follow me; and where I am, there too shall my servant be. If a man wishes to be my servant, the Father will honour him. 27 Now is my soul full of trouble; and what shall I say? Father, save me from this hour. But for this purpose I have come to this hour. 28 Father, glorify Thy name." Thereupon there came a voice from the sky, "I have glorified it and will also glorify it again." 29 The crowd that stood by and heard it, said that there had been thunder. Others said, "An angel spoke to him." 30 "It is not for my sake," said Jesus, "that that voice came, but for your sakes. 31 Now is a judgement of this world: now will the Prince of this world be driven out. 32 And I-- if I am lifted up from the earth--will draw all men to me." 33 He said this to indicate the kind of death He would die. 34 The crowd answered Him, "We have heard out of the Law that the Christ remains for ever. In what sense do you say that the Son of Man must be lifted up? Who is that Son of Man?" 35 "Yet a little while," He replied, "the light is among you. Be faithful to the light that you have, for fear darkness should overtake you; for a man who walks in the dark does not know where he is going. 36 In the degree that you have light, believe in the Light, so that you may become sons of Light." Jesus said this, and went away and hid Himself from them. 37 But though He had performed such great miracles in their presence, they did not believe in Him-- 38 in order that the words of Isaiah the Prophet might be fulfilled, "Lord, who has believed our preaching? And the arm of the Lord--to whom has it been unveiled?" 39 For this reason they were unable to believe--because Isaiah said again, 40 "He has blinded their eyes and made their minds callous, lest they should see with their eyes and perceive with their minds, and should turn, and I should heal them." 41 Isaiah uttered these words because he saw His glory; and he spoke of Him. 42 Nevertheless even from among the Rulers many believed in Him. But because of the Pharisees they did not avow their belief, for fear they should be shut out from the synagogue. 43 For they loved the glory that comes from men rather than the glory that comes from God. 44 But Jesus cried aloud, "He who believes in me, believes not so much in me, as in Him who sent me; 45 and he who sees me sees Him who sent me. 46 I have come like light into the world, in order that no one who believes in me may remain in the dark. 47 And if any one hears my teachings and regards them not, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world, but to save the world. 48 He who sets me at naught and does not receive my teachings is not left without a judge: the Message which I have spoken will judge him on the last day. 49 Because I have not spoken on my own authority; but the Father who sent me, Himself gave me a command what to say and in what words to speak. 50 And I know that His command is the Life of the Ages. What therefore I speak, I speak just as the Father has bidden me."

Chapter 13

1 Now just before the Feast of the Passover this incident took place. Jesus knew that the time had come for Him to leave this world and go to the Father; and having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end. 2 While supper was proceeding, the Devil having by this time suggested to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon, the thought of betraying Him, Jesus, 3 although He knew that the Father had put everything into His hands, and that He had come forth from God and was now going to God, 4 rose from the table, threw off His upper garments, and took a towel and tied it round Him. 5 Then He poured water into a basin, and proceeded to wash the feet of the disciples and to wipe them with the towel which He had put round Him. 6 When He came to Simon Peter, Peter objected. "Master," he said, "are you going to wash my feet?" 7 "What I am doing," answered Jesus, "for the present you do not know, but afterwards you shall know." 8 "Never, while the world lasts," said Peter, "shall you wash my feet." "If I do not wash you," replied Jesus, "you have no share with me." 9 "Master," said Peter, "wash not only my feet, but also my hands and my head." 10 "Any one who has lately bathed," said Jesus, "does not need to wash more than his feet, but is clean all over. And you my disciples are clean, and yet this is not true of all of you." 11 For He knew who was betraying Him, and that was why He said, "You are not all of you clean." 12 So after He had washed their feet, put on His garments again, and returned to the table, He said to them, "Do you understand what I have done to you? 13 You call me `The Rabbi' and `The Master,' and rightly so, for such I am. 14 If I then, your Master and Rabbi, have washed your feet, it is also your duty to wash one another's feet. 15 For I have set you an example in order that you may do what I have done to you. 16 In most solemn truth I tell you that a servant is not superior to his master, nor is a messenger superior to him who sent him. 17 If you know all this, blessed are you if you act accordingly. 18 I am not speaking of all of you. I know whom I have chosen, but things are as they are in order that the Scripture may be fulfilled, which says, `He who eats my bread has lifted up his heel against me.' 19 From this time forward I tell you things before they happen, in order that when they do happen you may believe that I am He. 20 In most solemn truth I tell you that he who receives whoever I send receives me, and that he who receives me receives Him who sent me." 21 After speaking thus Jesus was troubled in spirit and said with deep earnestness, "In most solemn truth I tell you that one of you will betray me." 22 The disciples began looking at one another, at a loss to know to which of them He was referring. 23 There was at table one of His disciples--the one Jesus loved-- reclining with his head on Jesus's bosom. 24 Making a sign therefore to him, Simon Peter said, "Tell us to whom he is referring." 25 So he, having his head on Jesus's bosom, leaned back and asked, "Master, who is it?" 26 "It is the one," answered Jesus, "for whom I shall dip this piece of bread and to whom I shall give it." Accordingly He dipped the piece of bread, and took it and gave it to Judas, the son of the Iscariot Simon. 27 Then, after Judas had received the piece of bread, Satan entered into him. "Lose no time about it," said Jesus to him. 28 But why He said this no one else at the table understood. 29 Some, however, supposed that because Judas had the money-box Jesus meant, "Buy what we require for the Festival," or that he should give something to the poor. 30 So Judas took the piece of bread and immediately went out. And it was night. 31 So when he was gone out, Jesus said, "Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in Him. 32 Moreover God will glorify Him in Himself, and will glorify Him without delay. 33 Dear children, I am still with you a little longer. You will seek me, but, as I said to the Jews, `Where I am going you cannot come,' so for the present I say to you. 34 A new commandment I give you, to love one another; that as I have loved you, you also may love one another. 35 It is by this that every one will know that you are my disciples--if you love one another." 36 "Master," inquired Simon Peter, "where are you going?" "Where I am going," replied Jesus, "you cannot be my follower now, but you shall be later." 37 "Master," asked Peter again, "why cannot I follow you now? I will lay down my life on your behalf. 38 "You say you will lay down your life on my behalf!" said Jesus; "in most solemn truth I tell you that the cock will not crow before you have three times disowned me."

Chapter 14

1 "Let not your hearts be troubled. Trust in God: trust in me also. 2 In my Father's house there are many resting-places. Were it otherwise, I would have told you; for I am going to make ready a place for you. 3 And if I go and make ready a place for you, I will return and take you to be with me, that where I am you also may be. 4 And where I am going, you all know the way." 5 "Master," said Thomas, "we do not know where you are going. In what sense do we know the way?" 6 "I am the Way," replied Jesus, "and the Truth and the Life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7 If you--all of you--knew me, you would fully know my Father also. From this time forward you know Him and have seen Him." 8 "Master," said Philip, "cause us to see the Father: that is all we need." 9 "Have I been so long among you," Jesus answered, "and yet you, Philip, do not know me? He who has seen me has seen the Father. How can you ask me, `Cause us to see the Father'? 10 Do you not believe that I am in the Father and that the Father is in me? The things that I tell you all I do not speak on my own authority: but the Father dwelling within me carries on His own work. 11 Believe me, all of you, that I am in the Father and that the Father is in me; or at any rate, believe me because of what I do. 12 In most solemn truth I tell you that he who trusts in me--the things which I do he shall do also; and greater things than these he shall do, because I am going to the Father. 13 And whatever any of you ask in my name, I will do, in order that the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 If you make any request of me in my name, I will do it. 15 "If you love me, you will obey my commandments. 16 And I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Advocate to be for ever with you--the Spirit of truth. 17 That Spirit the world cannot receive, because it does not see Him or know Him. You know Him, because He remains by your side and is in you. 18 I will not leave you bereaved: I am coming to you. 19 Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but you will see me: because I live, you also shall live. 20 At that time you will know that I am in my Father, and that you are in me, and that I am in you. 21 He who has my commandments and obeys them--he it is who loves me. And he who loves me will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and will clearly reveal myself to him." 22 Judas (not the Iscariot) asked, "Master, how is it that you will reveal yourself clearly to us and not to the world?" 23 "If any one loves me," replied Jesus, "he will obey my teaching; and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our home with him. 24 He who has no love for me does not obey my teaching; and yet the teaching to which you are listening is not mine, but is the teaching of the Father who sent me. 25 "All this I have spoken to you while still with you. 26 But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit whom the Father will send at my request, will teach you everything, and will bring to your memories all that I have said to you. 27 Peace I leave with you: my own peace I give to you. It is not as the world gives its greetings that I give you peace. Let not your hearts be troubled or dismayed. 28 "You heard me say to you, `I am going away, and yet I am coming to you.' If you loved me, you would have rejoiced because I am going to the Father; for the Father is greater than I am. 29 I have now told you before it comes to pass, that when it has come to pass you may believe. 30 In future I shall not talk much with you, for the Prince of this world is coming. And yet in me he has nothing; 31 but it is in order that the world may know that I love the Father, and that it is in obedience to the command which the Father gave me that I thus act. Rise, let us be going."

Chapter 15

1 "I am the Vine--the True Vine, and my Father is the vine-dresser. 2 Every branch in me--if it bears no fruit, He takes away; and every branch that bears fruit He prunes, that it may bear more fruit. 3 Already you are cleansed--through the teaching which I have given you. 4 Continue in me, and let me continue in you. Just as the branch cannot bear fruit of itself--that is, if it does not continue in the vine--so neither can you if you do not continue in me. 5 I am the Vine, you are the branches. He who continues in me and in whom I continue bears abundant fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If any one does not continue in me, he is like the unfruitful branch which is at once thrown away and then withers up. Such branches they gather up and throw into the fire and they are burned. 7 "If you continue in me and my sayings continue in you, ask what you will and it shall be done for you. 8 By this is God glorified--by your bearing abundant fruit and thus being true disciples of mine. 9 As the Father has loved me, I have also loved you: continue in my love. 10 If you obey my commands, you will continue in my love, as I have obeyed my Father's commands and continue in His love. 11 "These things I have spoken to you in order that I may have joy in you, and that your joy may become perfect. 12 This is my commandment to you, to love one another as I have loved you. 13 No one has greater love than this--a man laying down his life for his friends. 14 You are my friends, if you do what I command you. 15 No longer do I call you servants, because a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, because all that I have heard from the Father I have made known to you. 16 It is not you who chose me, but it is I who chose you and appointed you that you might go and be fruitful and that your fruit might remain; so that whatever petition you present to the Father in my name He may give you. 17 "Thus I command you to love one another. 18 If the world hates you, remember that it has first had me as the fixed object of its hatred. 19 If you belonged to the world, the world would love its own property. But because you do not belong to the world, and I have chosen you out of the world--for that reason the world hates you. 20 Bear in mind what I said to you, `A servant is not superior to his master.' If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you: if they have obeyed my teaching, they will obey yours also. 21 But they will inflict all this suffering upon you on account of your bearing my name--because they do not know Him who sent me. 22 "If I had not come and spoken to them, they would have had no sin; but as the case stands they are without excuse for their sin. 23 He who hates me hates my Father also. 24 If I had not done among them, as I have, such miracles as no one else ever did, they would have had no sin; but they have in fact seen and also hated both me and my Father. 25 But this has been so, in order that the saying may be fulfilled which stands written in their Law, `They have hated me without any reason.' 26 "When the Advocate is come whom I will send to you from the Father's presence--the Spirit of Truth who comes forth from the Father's presence--He will be a witness concerning me. 27 And you also are witnesses, because you have been with me from the first.

Chapter 16

1 "These things I have spoken to you in order to clear stumbling-blocks out of your path. 2 You will be excluded from the synagogues; nay more, the time is coming when any one who has murdered one of you will suppose he is offering service to God. 3 And they will do these things because they have failed to recognize the Father and to discover who I am. 4 But I have spoken these things to you in order that when the time for their accomplishment comes you may remember them, and may recollect that I told you. I did not, however, tell you all this at first, because I was still with you. 5 But now I an returning to Him who sent me; and not one of you asks me where I am going. 6 But grief has filled your hearts because I have said all this to you. 7 "Yet it is the truth that I am telling you--it is to your advantage that I go away. For unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send Him to you. 8 And He, when He comes, will convict the world in respect of sin, of righteousness, and of judgement; -- 9 of sin, because they do not believe in me; 10 of righteousness, because I am going to the Father, and you will no longer see me; 11 of judgement, because the Prince of this world is under sentence. 12 "I have much more to say to you, but you are unable at present to bear the burden of it. 13 But when He has come--the Spirit of Truth--He will guide you into all the truth. For He will not speak as Himself originating what He says, but all that He hears He will speak, and He will make known the future to you. 14 He will glorify me, because He will take of what is mine and will make it known to you. 15 Everything that the Father has is mine; that is why I said that the Spirit of Truth takes of what is mine and will make it known to you. 16 "A little while and you see me no more, and again a little while and you shall see me." 17 Some of His disciples therefore said to one another, "What does this mean which He is telling us, `A little while and you do not see me, and again a little while and you shall see me,' and `Because I am going to the Father'?" 18 So they asked one another repeatedly, "What can that `little while' mean which He speaks of? We do not understand His words." 19 Jesus perceived that they wanted to ask Him, and He said, "Is this what you are questioning one another about--my saying, `A little while and you do not see me, and again a little while and you shall see me'? 20 In most solemn truth I tell you that you will weep aloud and lament, but the world will be glad. You will mourn, but your grief will be turned into gladness. 21 A woman, when she is in labour, has sorrow, because her time has come. But when she has given birth to the babe, she no longer remembers the pain, because of her joy at a child being born into the world. 22 So you also now have sorrow; but I shall see you again, and your hearts will be glad, and your gladness no one will take away from you. 23 You will put no questions to me then. "In most solemn truth I tell you that whatever you ask the Father for in my name He will give you. 24 As yet you have not asked for anything in my name: ask, and you shall receive, that your hearts may be filled with gladness. 25 "All this I have spoken to you in veiled language. The time is coming when I shall no longer speak to you in veiled language, but will tell you about the Father in plain words. 26 At that time you will make your requests in my name; and I do not promise to ask the Father on your behalf, 27 for the Father Himself holds you dear, because you have held me dear and have believed that I came from the Father's presence. 28 I came from the Father and have come into the world. Again I am leaving the world and am going to the Father." 29 "Ah, now you are using plain language," said His disciples, "and are uttering no figure of speech! 30 Now we know that you have all knowledge, and do not need to be pressed with questions. Through this we believe that you came from God." 31 "Do you at last believe?" replied Jesus. 32 "Remember that the time is coming, nay, has already come, for you all to be dispersed each to his own home and to leave me alone. And yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me. 33 "I have spoken all this to you in order that in me you may have peace. In the world you have affliction. But keep up your courage: I have won the victory over the world."

Chapter 17

1 When Jesus had thus spoken, He raised his eyes towards Heaven and said, "Father, the hour has come. Glorify Thy Son that the Son may glorify Thee; 2 even as Thou hast given Him authority over all mankind, so that on all whom Thou hast given Him He may bestow the Life of the Ages. 3 And in this consists the Life of the Ages--in knowing Thee the only true God and Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent. 4 I have glorified Thee on earth, having done perfectly the work which by Thine appointment has been mine to do. 5 And now, Father, do Thou glorify me in Thine own presence, with the glory that I had in Thy presence before the world existed. 6 "I have revealed Thy perfections to the men whom Thou gavest me out of the world. Thine they were, and Thou gavest them to me, and they have obeyed Thy message. 7 Now they know that whatever Thou hast given me is from Thee. 8 For the truths which Thou didst teach me I have taught them. And they have received them, and have known for certain that I came out from Thy presence, and have believed that Thou didst send me. 9 "I am making request for them: for the world I do not make any request, but for those whom Thou hast given me. Because they are Thine, 10 and everything that is mine is Thine, and everything that is Thine is mine; and I am crowned with glory in them. 11 I am now no longer in the world, but they are in the world and I am coming to Thee. "Holy Father, keep them true to Thy name--the name which Thou hast given me to bear--that they may be one, even as we are. 12 While I was with them, I kept them true to Thy name--the name Thou hast given me to bear--and I kept watch over them, and not one of them is lost but only he who is doomed to destruction--that the Scripture may be fulfilled. 13 "But now I am coming to Thee, and I speak these words while I am in the world, in order that they may have my gladness within them filling their hearts. 14 I have given them Thy Message, and the world has hated them, because they do not belong to the world, just as I do not belong to the world. 15 I do not ask that Thou wilt remove them out of the world, but that Thou wilt protect them from the Evil one. 16 They do not belong to the world, just as I do not belong to the world. 17 Make them holy in the truth: Thy Message is truth. 18 Just as Thou didst send me into the world, I also have sent them; 19 and on their behalf I consecrate myself, in order that they may become perfectly consecrated in truth. 20 "Nor is it for them alone that I make request. It is also for those who trust in me through their teaching; 21 that they may all be one, even as Thou art in me, O Father, and I am in Thee; that they also may be in us; that the world may believe that Thou didst send me. 22 And the glory which Thou hast given me I have given them, that they may be one, just as we are one: 23 I in them and Thou in me; that they may stand perfected in one; that the world may come to understand that Thou didst send me and hast loved them with the same love as that with which Thou hast loved me. 24 "Father, those whom Thou hast given me--I desire that where I am they also may be with me, that they may see the glory--my glory--my gift from Thee, which Thou hast given me because Thou didst love me before the creation of the world. 25 And, righteous Father, though the world has failed to recognize Thee, I have known Thee, and these have perceived that Thou didst send me. 26 And I have made known Thy name to them and will make it known, that the love with which Thou hast loved me may be in them, and that I may be in them."

Chapter 18

1 After offering this prayer Jesus went out with His disciples to a place on the further side of the Ravine of the Cedars, where there was a garden which He entered--Himself and His disciples. 2 Now Judas also, who at that very time was betraying Him, knew the place, for Jesus had often resorted there with His disciples. 3 So Judas, followed by the battalion and by a detachment of the Temple police sent by the High Priests and Pharisees, came there with torches and lamps and weapons. 4 Jesus therefore, knowing all that was about to befall Him, went out to meet them. "Who are you looking for?" He asked them. 5 "For Jesus the Nazarene," was the answer. "I am he," He replied. (Now Judas who was betraying Him was also standing with them.) 6 As soon then as He said to them, "I am he," they went backwards and fell to the ground. 7 Again therefore He asked them, "Who are you looking for?" "For Jesus the Nazarene," they said. 8 "I have told you," replied Jesus, "that I am he. If therefore you are looking for me, let these my disciples go their way." 9 He made this request in order that the words He had spoken might be fulfilled, "As for those whom Thou hast given me, I have not lost one." 10 Simon Peter, however, having a sword, drew it, and, aiming at the High Priest's servant, cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus. 11 Jesus therefore said to Peter, "Put back your sword. Shall I refuse to drink the cup of sorrow which the Father has given me to drink?" 12 So the battalion and their tribune and the Jewish police closed in, and took Jesus and bound Him. 13 They then brought Him to Annas first; for Annas was the father-in-law of Caiaphas who was High Priest that year. 14 (It was this Caiaphas who had advised the Jews, saying, "It is to your interest that one man should die for the People.") 15 Meanwhile Simon Peter was following Jesus, and so also was another disciple. The latter was known to the High Priest, and went in with Jesus into the court of the High Priest's palace. 16 But Peter remained standing outside the door, till the disciple who was acquainted with the High Priest came out and induced the portress to let Peter in. 17 This led the girl, the portress, to ask Peter, "Are you also one of this man's disciples?" "No, I am not," he replied. 18 Now because it was cold the servants and the police had lighted a charcoal fire, and were standing and warming themselves; and Peter too remained with them, standing and warming himself. 19 So the High Priest questioned Jesus about His disciples and His teaching. 20 "As for me," replied Jesus, "I have spoken openly to the world. I have continually taught in some synagogue or in the Temple where all the Jews are wont to assemble, and I have said nothing in secret. 21 Why do you question me? Question those who heard what it was I said to them: these witnesses here know what I said." 22 Upon His saying this, one of the officers standing by struck Him with his open hand, asking Him as he did so, "Is that the way you answer the High Priest?" 23 "If I have spoken wrongly," replied Jesus, "bear witness to it as wrong; but if rightly, why that blow?" 24 So Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas the High Priest. 25 But Simon Peter remained standing and warming himself, and this led to their asking him, "Are you also one of his disciples?" He denied it, and said, "No, I am not." 26 One of the High Priest's servants, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, said, "Did I not see you in the garden with him?" 27 Once more Peter denied it, and immediately a cock crowed. 28 So they brought Jesus from Caiaphas's house to the Praetorium. It was the early morning, and they would not enter the Praetorium themselves for fear of defilement, and in order that they might be able to eat the Passover. 29 Accordingly Pilate came out to them and inquired, "What accusation have you to bring against this man?" 30 "If the man were not a criminal," they replied, "we would not have handed him over to you." 31 "Take him yourselves," said Pilate, "and judge him by your Law." "We have no power," replied the Jews, "to put any man to death." 32 They said this that the words might be fulfilled in which Jesus predicted the kind of death He was to die. 33 Re-entering the Praetorium, therefore, Pilate called Jesus and asked Him, "Are you the King of the Jews?" 34 "Do you say this of yourself, or have others told it you about me?" replied Jesus. 35 "Am I a Jew?" exclaimed Pilate; "it is your own nation and the High Priests who have handed you over to me. What have you done?" 36 "My kingdom," replied Jesus, "does not belong to this world. If my kingdom did belong to this world, my subjects would have resolutely fought to save me from being delivered up to the Jews. But, as a matter of fact, my kingdom has not this origin." 37 "So then you are a king!" rejoined Pilate. "Yes," said Jesus, "you say truly that I am a king. For this purpose I was born, and for this purpose I have come into the world--to give testimony for the truth. Every one who is a friend of the truth listens to my voice." 38 "What is truth?" said Pilate. But no sooner had he spoken the words than he went out again to the Jews and told them, "I find no crime in him. 39 But you have a custom that I should release one prisoner to you at the Passover. So shall I release to you the King of the Jews?" 40 With a roar of voices they again cried out, saying, "Not this man, but Barabbas!" Now Barabbas was a robber.

Chapter 19

1 Then Pilate took Jesus and scourged Him. 2 And the soldiers, twisting twigs of thorn into a wreath, put it on His head, and threw round Him a crimson cloak. 3 Then they began to march up to Him, saying in a mocking voice, "Hail King of the Jews!" And they struck Him with the palms of their hands. 4 Once more Pilate came out and said to the Jews, "See, I am bringing him out to you to let you clearly understand that I find no crime in him." 5 So Jesus came out, wearing the wreath of thorns and the crimson cloak. And Pilate said to them, "See, there is the man." 6 As soon then as the High Priests and the officers saw Him, they shouted "To the cross! To the cross!" "Take him yourselves and crucify him," said Pilate; "for I, at any rate, find no crime in him." 7 "We," replied the Jews, "have a Law, and in accordance with that Law he ought to die, for having claimed to be the Son of God." 8 More alarmed than ever, Pilate no sooner heard these words than he re-entered the Praetorium and began to question Jesus. 9 "What is your origin?" he asked. But Jesus gave him no answer. 10 "Do you refuse to speak even to me?" asked Pilate; "do you not know that I have it in my power either to release you or to crucify you?" 11 "You would have had no power whatever over me," replied Jesus, "had it not been granted you from above. On that account he who has delivered me up to you is more guilty than you are." 12 Upon receiving this answer, Pilate was for releasing Him. But the Jews kept shouting, "If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar's. Every one who sets himself up as king declares himself a rebel against Caesar." 13 On hearing this, Pilate brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judge's seat in a place called the Pavement--or in Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 It was the day of Preparation for the Passover, about six o'clock in the morning. Then he said to the Jews, "There is your king!" 15 This caused a storm of outcries, "Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!" "Am I to crucify your king?" Pilate asked. "We have no king, except Caesar," answered the High Priests. 16 Then Pilate gave Him up to them to be crucified. Accordingly they took Jesus; 17 and He went out carrying His own cross, to the place called Skull-place--or, in Hebrew, Golgotha-- 18 where they nailed Him to a cross, and two others at the same time, one on each side and Jesus in the middle. 19 And Pilate wrote a notice and had it fastened to the top of the cross. It ran thus: JESUS THE NAZARENE, THE KING OF THE JEWS. 20 Many of the Jews read this notice, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and the notice was in three languages--Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. 21 This led the Jewish High Priests to remonstrate with Pilate. "You should not write `The King of the Jews,'" they said, "but that he claimed to be King of the Jews." 22 "What I have written I have written," was Pilate's answer. 23 So the soldiers, as soon as they had crucified Jesus, took His garments, including His tunic, and divided them into four parts--one part for each soldier. The tunic was without seam, woven from the top in one piece. 24 So they said to one another, "Do not let us tear it. Let us draw lots for it." This happened that the Scripture might be fulfilled which says, "They shared my garments among them, and drew lots for my clothing." That was just what the soldiers did. 25 Now standing close to the cross of Jesus were His mother and His mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdala. 26 So Jesus, seeing His mother, and seeing the disciple whom He loved standing near, said to His mother, "Behold, your son!" 27 Then He said to the disciple, "Behold, your mother!" And from that time the disciple received her into his own home. 28 After this, Jesus, knowing that everything was now brought to an end, said--that the Scripture might be fulfilled, "I am thirsty." 29 There was a jar of wine standing there. With this wine they filled a sponge, put it on the end of a stalk of hyssop, and lifted it to His mouth. 30 As soon as Jesus had taken the wine, He said, "It is finished." And then, bowing His head, He yielded up His spirit. 31 Meanwhile the Jews, because it was the day of Preparation for the Passover, and in order that the bodies might not remain on the crosses during the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was one of special solemnity), requested Pilate to have the legs of the dying men broken, and the bodies removed. 32 Accordingly the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man and also of the other who had been crucified with Jesus. 33 Then they came to Jesus Himself: but when they saw that He was already dead, they refrained from breaking His le