Contents

THE NEW TESTAMENT

An American Translation

By

EDGAR J. GOODSPEED

Professor of Biblical and Patristic Greek
The University of Chicago

PREFACE

The New Testament was written not in classical Greek, nor in the “biblical” Greek of the Greek version of the Old Testament, nor even in the literary Greek of its own day, but in the common language of everyday life. This fact has been fully established by the Greek papyrus discoveries and the grammatical researches of the last twenty-five years. It follows that the most appropriate English form for the New Testament is the simple, straightforward English of everyday expression.

The invitation of the University Press to provide such a translation was accepted by the present translator in the hope that it might result in a version with something of the ease, boldness, and unpretending vigor which mark the original Greek. The writers of the New Testament had for the most part little use for literary art. The principal figure among them, the apostle Paul, said this in so many words. They put their message in the simplest and most direct terms they could command, so that it spoke directly to the common life of their day. The great passages in the New Testament owe their greatness more to the trenchant vigor of their thought, or the moral sublimity of their ideas, than to the graces of rhetoric.

The translation of such a book demands first, the understanding of what the several writers meant to say, and second, the casting of their thought in the simplest and clearest of present-day English. It is the meaning, not the dress, of the New Testament that is of principal importance. For many of us the familiar expressions of the Authorized Version are richly freighted with memories and associations. But few indeed sit down and read the New Testament in that version continuously and understandingly, a book at a time, as it was written to be read. The antique diction, the mechanical method of translation, and the disturbing verse division retard and discourage the reader. The aim of the present translation has been to present the meaning of the different books as faithfully as possible, without bias or prejudice, in English of the same kind as the Greek of the original, so that they may be continuously and understandingly read. There is no book in the New Testament that cannot easily be read at a sitting. For American readers, especially, who have had to depend so long upon versions made in Great Britain, there is room for a New Testament free from expressions which, however familiar in England or Scotland, are strange to American ears.

The progress of recent years in the study of the text, grammar, lexicography, and interpretation of the New Testament, together with the discoveries of Greek papyri made chiefly since 1897, offers a wealth of material to the translator. The grammatical works of Blass, Burton, Moulton, and Robertson, and the new lexicons of Preuschen (1910), Zorell (1911), Ebeling (1913), Souter (1916), and Abbott-Smith (1922), with the lexical studies of Moulton and Milligan (1914--) greatly facilitate the work of the interpreter.

I have closely followed the Greek text of Westcott and Hort, now generally accepted. Every scholar knows its great superiority to the late and faulty Greek texts from which the early English translations from Tyndale to the Authorized Version were made. In a few instances, I have accepted the emendations suggested by Dr. Hort himself in his Notes on Select Readings. Under the influence of more recent investigations, I have departed from Westcott and Hort in John 19:29 ; Acts 6:9 ; Acts 19:28, 34 ; James 1:17 ; and Revelation 13:1; and I have adopted the striking suggestion of Rendel Harris, that by an error of the eye the name of Enoch has dropped out of the text in I Peter 3:19. The passages marked by Westcott and Hort as interpolations have been omitted from this translation, as being no part of the original text.

The generous co-operation of the University Press has made it possible to print the translation as one would a modern book, with all those aids of quotation marks and paragraphing which make an open and inviting page, and so facilitate reading, reference, and understanding. The translator has not interspersed the text with footnotes or captions of his own devising, preferring to leave it to make its own impression upon the reader. Nor has he prefaced the several books with historical introductions, which might aid in their understanding. For such aids, he would refer to his Story of the New Testament, which the studious reader may find a helpful companion to the present translation.

It has been truly said that any translation of a masterpiece must be a failure, but if this translation can in any measure bring home the great, living messages of the New Testament a little more widely and forcibly to the life of our time, the translator will be well content.

EDGAR J. GOODSPEED

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO

August 31, 1923

New Testament

The Gospel According to Matthew

Chapter 1

1The ancestry of Jesus Christ, who was descended from David, who was descended from Abraham.

2Abraham was the father of Isaac, and Isaac of Jacob, and Jacob of Judah and his brothers, 3and Judah of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar. And Perez was the father of Hezron, and Hezron of Aram, 4and Aram of Aminadab, and Aminadab of Nahshon, and Nahshon of Salmon, 5and Salmon of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab. And Boaz was the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth. And Obed was the father of Jesse, 6and Jesse of King David.

David was the father of Solomon, whose mother was Uriah’s wife. 7And Solomon was the father of Rehoboam, and Rehoboam of Abijah, and Abijah of Asa, 8and Asa of Jehoshaphat, and Jehoshaphat of Joram, and Joram of Uzziah, 9and Uzziah of Jotham, and Jotham of Ahaz, and Ahaz of Hezekiah, 10and Hezekiah of Manasseh, and Manasseh of Amon, and Amon of Josiah, 11and Josiah of Jeconiah and his brothers, at the period of the Babylonian Exile.

12After the Babylonian Exile, Jeconiah had a son named Shealtiel, and Shealtiel was the father of Zerubbabel, 13and Zerubbabel of Abiud, and Abiud of Eliakim, and Eliakim of Azor, 14and Azor of Zadok, and Zadok of Achim, and Achim of Eliud, 15and Eliud of Eleazar, and Eleazar of Matthan, and Matthan of Jacob, 16and Jacob of Joseph, the husband of Mary, who was the mother of Jesus called Christ.

17So the whole number of generations from Abraham to David is fourteen, and from David to the Babylonian Exile, fourteen, and from the Babylonian Exile to the Christ, fourteen.

18Now these were the circumstances of the birth of Jesus Christ. Mary, his mother, was engaged to Joseph, but before they were married it was found that she was about to become a mother through the influence of the holy Spirit. 19But her husband, Joseph, was an upright man and did not wish to disgrace her, and he decided to break off the engagement privately. 20But while he was thinking of doing this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream, and said,

“Joseph, descendant of David, do not fear to take Mary, your wife, to your home, for it is through the influence of the holy Spirit that she is to become a mother. 21She will have a son, and you are to name him Jesus, for it is he who is to save his people from their sins.”

22All this happened in fulfilment of what the Lord said through the prophet,

23“The maiden will be pregnant and will have a son,

And they will name him Immanuel.”

—a word which means “God with us.” 24So when Joseph awoke from his sleep, he did as the angel of the Lord had directed him, and took his wife to his home. 25But he did not live with her as a husband until she had had a son, and he named the child Jesus.

Chapter 2

1Now after the birth of Jesus at Bethlehem in Judea, in the days of King Herod, astrologers from the east arrived at Jerusalem, 2and asked,

“Where is the newly born king of the Jews? For we have seen his star rise and we have come to do homage to him.”

3When King Herod heard of this, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. 4So he called together all the high priests and scribes of the people and asked them where the Christ was to be born. 5They said,

“At Bethlehem in Judea, for this is what the prophet wrote:

6“ ‘And you, Bethlehem in Judah’s land,

You are by no means least important among the leading places of Judah,

For from you will come a leader

Who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.’ ”

7Then Herod secretly sent for the astrologers, and found out from them the exact time when the star appeared. 8And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said to them,

“Go and inquire particularly about the child, and when you have found him, bring me word, so that I may go and do homage to him too.”

9So they obeyed the king and went, and the star which they had seen rise led them on until it reached the place where the child was, and stopped above it. 10When they saw the star, they were very glad, 11and they went into the house and saw the child with his mother, Mary, and they threw themselves down and did homage to him. They opened their treasure boxes and presented the child with gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. 12Then, as they had been divinely warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their own country by another way.

13When they were gone, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, and said,

“Wake up! Take the child and his mother and make your escape to Egypt, and stay there until I tell you to leave. For Herod is going to look for the child in order to make away with him.”

14Then he awoke and took the child and his mother by night and took refuge in Egypt, 15to fulfil what the Lord said by the prophet, “I called my son from Egypt.”

16Then Herod saw that he had been tricked by the astrologers, and he was very angry, and he sent and made away with all the boys in Bethlehem and in all that neighborhood who were two years old or under, for that was the tune he had learned from the astrologers by his inquiries. 17Then the saying was fulfilled which was uttered by the prophet Jeremiah,

18“A cry was heard in Ramah!

Weeping and great lamenting!

Rachel weeping for her children,

And inconsolable because they were gone.”

19But when Herod died, an angel of the Lord appeared in a dream to Joseph in Egypt 20and said,

“Wake up! Take the child and his mother and go to the land of Israel, for those who sought the child’s life are dead.”

21Then he awoke, and took the child and his mother and went to the land of Israel. 22But hearing that Archelaus was reigning over Judea in the place of his father, Herod, he was afraid to return there; and being warned in a dream, he took refuge in the region of Galilee, 23and he went and settled in a town called Nazareth, in fulfilment of the saying of the prophets,

“He shall be called a Nazarene.”

Chapter 3

1In those days John the Baptist appeared, and preached in the desert of Judea.

2“Repent!” he said, “for the Kingdom of Heaven is coming!”

3It was he who was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah, when he said,

“Hark! Someone is shouting in the desert,

‘Get the Lord’s way ready!

Make his paths straight!’ ”

4John wore clothing made of hair cloth, and he had a leather belt around his waist, and he lived on dried locusts and wild honey. 5Then Jerusalem and all Judea and the whole Jordan valley went out to him, 6and they were baptized by him in the Jordan River, in acknowledgment of their sins. 7But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming for baptism, he said to them,

“You brood of snakes! Who warned you to escape from the wrath that is coming? 8Then produce fruit that will be consistent with your professed repentance! 9Do not suppose that you can say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our forefather,’ for I tell you God can produce descendants for Abraham right out of these stones! 10But the axe is already lying at the roots of the trees. Any tree that fails to produce good fruit is going to be cut down and thrown into the fire. 11I am baptizing you in water in token of your repentance, but he who is coming after me is stronger than I am, and I am not fit to carry his shoes. He will baptize you in the holy Spirit and in fire. 12His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clean up his threshing-floor, and store his wheat in his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with inextinguishable fire.”

13Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan, to John, to be baptized by him. 14But John dissuaded him, and said,

“I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?”

15But Jesus answered,

“Let it be so this time, for it is right for us to do everything that God requires.”

Then John consented. 16And when Jesus was baptized, he went right up out of the water, and the heavens opened, and he saw the Spirit of God come down like a dove and light upon him, 17and a voice from heaven said,

“This is my Son, my Beloved! This is my Chosen.”

Chapter 4

1Then Jesus was guided by the Spirit into the desert, to be tempted by the devil. 2And he fasted forty days and nights, and after it he was famished. 3And the tempter came up and said to him,

“If you are God’s son, tell these stones to turn into bread!”

4But he answered,

“The Scripture says, ‘Not on bread alone is man to live, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God!’ ”

5Then the devil took him to the holy city, and made him stand on the summit of the Temple, 6and said to him,

“If you are God’s son, throw yourself down, for the Scripture says,

“ ‘He will give his angels orders about you,

And they will lift you up with their hands

So that you may never strike your foot against a stone!’ ”

7Jesus said to him,

“The Scripture also says, ‘You shall not try the Lord your God.’ ”

8Again the devil took him to a very high mountain, and he showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor, 9and said to him,

“I will give all this to you, if you will fall on your knees and do homage to me.”

10Then Jesus said to him,

“Begone, Satan! For the Scripture says, ‘You must do homage to the Lord your God, and worship him alone!’ ”

11Then the devil left him, and angels came and waited on him.

12But when Jesus heard that John had been arrested, he retreated to Galilee. 13And he left Nazareth and went and settled in Capernaum, by the sea, in the district of Zebulon and Naphtali, 14in fulfilment of what was said by the prophet Isaiah,

15“Zebulon’s land, and Naphtali’s land,

Along the road to the sea, across the Jordan,

Galilee of the nations!

16The people that were living in darkness

Have seen a great light,

And on those who were living in the land of the shadow of death

A light has dawned!”

17From that time Jesus began to preach and say,

“Repent! for the Kingdom of Heaven is coming!”

18As he was walking by the Sea of Galilee, he saw two brothers, Simon, who was afterward called Peter, and his brother, Andrew, casting a net into the sea, for they were fishermen. 19He said to them,

“Come and follow me, and I will make you fish for men!”

20They immediately dropped their nets and went with him. 21And he went on a little farther and saw two other men who were brothers, James, the son of Zebedee, and his brother, John, in the boat with Zebedee, their father, putting their nets in order, and he called them. 22And they immediately left the boat and their father, and went with him.

23Then he went all over Galilee, teaching in their synagogues and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and curing any disease or sickness among the people. 24Word went all through Syria about him, and people brought to him all who were suffering with any kind of disease, or who were in great pain—demoniacs, epileptics, and paralytics—and he cured them. 25Great crowds followed him about, from Galilee and the Ten Towns and Jerusalem and Judea and from the other side of the Jordan.

Chapter 5

1When he saw the crowds of people he went up on the mountain. There he seated himself, and when his disciples had come up to him, 2he opened his lips to teach them. And he said,

3“Blessed are those who feel their spiritual need, for the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to them!

4“Blessed are the mourners, for they will be consoled!

5“Blessed are the humble-minded, for they will possess the land!

6“Blessed are those who are hungry and thirsty for uprightness, for they will be satisfied!

7“Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy!

8“Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God!

9“Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called God’s sons!

10“Blessed are those who have endured persecution for their uprightness, for the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to them!

11“Blessed are you when people abuse you, and persecute you, and falsely say everything bad of you, on my account. 12Be glad and exult over it, for you will be richly rewarded in heaven, for that is the way they persecuted the prophets who went before you!

13“You are the salt of the earth! But if salt loses its strength, how can it be made salt again? It is good for nothing but to be thrown away and trodden underfoot. 14You are the light of the world! A city that is built upon a hill cannot be hidden. 15People do not light a lamp and put it under a peck-measure; they put it on its stand and it gives light to everyone in the house. 16Your light must burn in that way among men so that they will see the good you do, and praise your Father in heaven.

17“Do not suppose that I have come to do away with the Law or the Prophets. I have not come to do away with them but to enforce them. 18For I tell you, as long as heaven and earth endure, not one dotting of an i or crossing of a t will be dropped from the Law until it is all observed. 19Anyone, therefore, who weakens one of the slightest of these commands, and teaches others to do so, will be ranked lowest in the Kingdom of Heaven; but anyone who observes them and teaches others to do so will be ranked high in the Kingdom of Heaven. 20For I tell you that unless your uprightness is far superior to that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will never even enter the Kingdom of Heaven!

21“You have heard that the men of old were told ‘You shall not murder,’ and ‘Whoever murders will have to answer to the court.’ 22But I tell you that anyone who gets angry with his brother will have to answer to the court, and anyone who speaks contemptuously to his brother will have to answer to the great council, and anyone who says to his brother ‘You cursed fool!’ will have to answer for it in the fiery pit! 23So when you are presenting your gift at the altar, if you remember that your brother has any grievance against you, 24leave your gift right there before the altar and go and make up with your brother; then come back and present your gift. 25Be quick and come to terms with your opponent while you are on the way to court with him, or he may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you will be thrown into prison. 26I tell you, you will never get out again until you have paid the last penny!

27“You have heard that men were told ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ 28But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman with desire has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29But if your right eye makes you fall, tear it out and throw it away, for you might better lose one part of your body than have it all thrown into the pit! 30If your right hand makes you fall, cut it off and throw it away, for you might better lose one part of your body than have it all go down to the pit!

31“They were told, ‘Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’ 32But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife on any ground, except unfaithfulness, makes her commit adultery, and anyone who marries her after she is divorced commits adultery.

33“Again, you have heard that the men of old were told, ‘You shall not swear falsely, but you must fulfil your oaths to the Lord.’ 34But I tell you not to swear at all, either by heaven, for it is God’s throne, 35or by the earth, for it is his footstool, or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great king. 36You must not swear by your own head, for you cannot make one single hair white or black. 37But your way of speaking must be ‘Yes’ or ‘No.’ Anything that goes beyond that comes from the evil one.

38“You have heard that they were told, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39But I tell you not to resist injury, but if anyone strikes you on your right cheek, turn the other to him too; 40and if anyone wants to sue you for your shirt, let him have your coat too. 41And if anyone forces you to go one mile, go two miles with him. 42If anyone begs from you, give to him, and when anyone wants to borrow from you, do not turn away.

43“You have heard that they were told, ‘You must love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for your persecutors, 45so that you may show yourselves true sons of your Father in heaven, for he makes his sun rise on bad and good alike, and makes the rain fall on the upright and the wrongdoers. 46For if you love only those who love you, what reward can you expect? Do not the very tax-collectors do that? 47And if you are polite to your brothers and no one else, what is there remarkable in that? Do not the very heathen do that? 48So you are to be perfect, as your heavenly Father is.

Chapter 6

1“But take care not to do your good deeds in public for people to see, for, if you do, you will get no reward from your Father in heaven. 2So when you are going to give to charity, do not blow a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do, in the synagogues and the streets, to make people praise them. I tell you, that is all the reward they will get! 3But when you give to charity, your own left hand must not know what your right hand is doing, 4so that your charity may be secret, and your Father who sees what is secret will reward you.

5“When you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites, for they like to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the squares, to let people see them. I tell you, that is the only reward they will get! 6But when you pray, go into your own room, and shut the door, and pray to your Father who is unseen, and your Father who sees what is secret will reward you. 7And when you pray, do not repeat empty phrases as the heathen do, for they imagine that their prayers will be heard if they use words enough. 8You must not be like them. For God, who is your Father, knows what you need before you ask him. 9This, therefore, is the way you are to pray:

‘Our Father in heaven,

Your name be revered!

10Your kingdom come!

Your will be done on earth as it is done in heaven!

11Give us today bread for the day,

12And forgive us our debts, as we have forgiven our debtors.

13And do not subject us to temptation,

But save us from the evil one.’

14For if you forgive others when they offend you, your heavenly Father will forgive you too. 15But if you do not forgive others when they offend you, your heavenly Father will not forgive you for your offenses.

16“When you fast, do not put on a gloomy look, like the hypocrites, for they neglect their personal appearance to let people see that they are fasting. I tell you, that is all the reward they will get. 17But when you fast, perfume your hair and wash your face, 18so that no one may see that you are fasting, except your Father who is unseen, and your Father who sees what is secret, will reward you.

19“Do not store up your riches on earth, where moths and rust destroy them, and where thieves break in and steal them, 20but store up your riches in heaven, where moths and rust cannot destroy them, and where thieves cannot break in and steal them. 21For wherever your treasure is, your heart will be also. 22The eye is the lamp of the body. If then your eye is sound, your whole body will be light, 23but if your eye is unsound, your whole body will be dark. If, therefore, your very light is darkness, how deep the darkness will be! 24No slave can belong to two masters, for he will either hate one and love the other, or stand by one and make light of the other. You cannot serve God and money. 25Therefore, I tell you, do not worry about life, wondering what you will have to eat or drink, or about your body, wondering what you will have to wear. Is not life more important than food, and the body than clothes? 26Look at the wild birds. They do not sow or reap, or store their food in barns, and yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not of more account than they? 27But which of you with all his worry can add a single hour to his life? 28Why should you worry about clothing? See how the wild flowers grow. They do not toil or spin, 29and yet I tell you, even Solomon in all his splendor was never dressed like one of them. 30But if God so beautifully dresses the wild grass, which is alive today and is thrown into the furnace tomorrow, will he not much more surely clothe you, you who have so little faith? 31So do not worry and say, ‘What shall we have to eat?’ or ‘What shall we have to drink?’ or ‘What shall we have to wear?’ 32For these are all things the heathen are in pursuit of, and your heavenly Father knows well that you need all this. 33But you must make his kingdom, and uprightness before him, your greatest care, and you will have all these other things besides. 34So do not worry about tomorrow, for tomorrow will have worries of its own. Let each day be content with its own ills.

Chapter 7

1“Pass no more judgments upon other people, so that you may not have judgment passed upon you. 2For you will be judged by the standard you judge by, and men will pay you back with the same measure you have used with them. 3Why do you keep looking at the speck in your brother’s eye, and pay no attention to the beam that is in your own? 4How can you say to your brother, ‘Just let me get that speck out of your eye,’ when all the time there is a beam in your own? 5You hypocrite! First get the beam out of your own eye, and then you can see to get the speck out of your brother’s eye.

6“Do not give what is sacred to dogs, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, or they will trample them under their feet and turn and tear you in pieces. 7Ask, and what you ask will be given you. Search, and you will find what you search for. Knock, and the door will open to you. 8For it is always the one who asks who receives, and the one who searches who finds, and the one who knocks to whom the door opens. 9Which of you men when his son asks him for some bread will give him a stone? 10Or if he asks for a fish, will he give him a snake? 11So if you, bad as you are, know enough to give your children what is good, how much more surely will your Father in heaven give what is good to those who ask him for it! 12Therefore, you must always treat other people as you would like to have them treat you, for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.

13“Go in at the narrow gate. For the road that leads to destruction is broad and spacious, and there are many who go in by it. 14But the gate is narrow and the road is hard that leads to life, and there are few that find it.

15“Beware of the false prophets, who come to you disguised as sheep but are ravenous wolves underneath. 16You can tell them by their fruit. Do people pick grapes off thorns, or figs off thistles? 17Just so any sound tree bears good fruit, but a poor tree bears bad fruit. 18No sound tree can bear bad fruit, and no poor tree can bear good fruit. 19Any tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and burned. 20So you can tell them by their fruit. 21It is not everyone who says to me ‘Lord! Lord!’ who will get into the Kingdom of Heaven, but only those who do the will of my Father in heaven. 22Many will say to me on that Day, ‘Lord! Lord! Was it not in your name that we prophesied, and by your name that we drove out demons, and by your name that we did many mighty acts?’ 23Then I will say to them plainly, ‘I never knew you! Go away from me, you who do wrong!’

24“Everyone, therefore, who listens to this teaching of mine and acts upon it, will be like a sensible man who built his house on rock. 25And the rain fell, and the rivers rose, and the winds blew, and beat about that house, and it did not go down, for its foundations were on rock. 26And anyone who listens to this teaching of mine and does not act upon it, will be like a foolish man who built his house on sand. 27And the rain fell, and the rivers rose, and the winds blew and beat about that house, and it went down, and its downfall was complete.”

28When Jesus had finished this discourse, the crowds were astounded at his teaching, 29for he taught them like one who had authority and not like their scribes.

Chapter 8

1When Jesus came down from the mountain, great crowds of people followed him. 2And a leper came up to him and fell on his knees before him, saying,

“If you only choose, sir, you can cure me!”

3So he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying,

“I do choose! Be cured!”

And his leprosy was immediately cured. 4Then Jesus said to him,

“See that you tell nobody, but go! Show yourself to the priest, and in proof of your cure, offer the gift that Moses prescribed.”

5When he got back to Capernaum, a Roman captain came up and appealed to him, 6saying,

“My servant, sir, is lying sick with paralysis at my house, in great distress.”

7He said to him,

“I will come and cure him.”

8But the captain answered,

“I am not a suitable person, sir, to have you come under my roof, but simply say the word, and my servant will be cured. 9For I am myself under the orders of others and I have soldiers under me, and I tell one to go, and he goes, and another to come, and he comes, and my slave to do something, and he does it.”

10When Jesus heard this he was astonished, and said to his followers,

“I tell you, I have not found anyone in Israel with such faith as this. 11And I tell you, many will come from the east and from the west and take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, in the Kingdom of Heaven, 12while the heirs to the kingdom will be driven into the darkness outside, there to weep and grind their teeth!”

13Then Jesus said to the captain,

“Go! You shall find it just as you believe!”

And the servant was immediately cured.

14Jesus went into Peter’s house, and there he found Peter’s mother-in-law sick in bed with fever. 15And he touched her hand and the fever left her, and she got up and waited on him.

16In the evening they brought to him many who were possessed by demons, and he drove the spirits out with a word, and cured all who were sick, 17in fulfilment of the words of the prophet Isaiah, “He took our sickness and carried away our diseases.”

18Then Jesus, seeing a crowd about him, gave orders to cross to the other side. 19And a scribe came up and said to him,

“Master, I will follow you wherever you are going!”

20And Jesus said to him,

“Foxes have holes and wild birds have nests, but the Son of Man has no where to lay his head!”

21And another of his disciples said to him,

“Let me first go, sir, and bury my father.”

22But Jesus said to him,

“Follow me, and leave the dead to bury their own dead!”

23And he got into the boat, and his disciples went with him. 24And suddenly a terrific storm came up on the sea, so that the waves broke over the boat, but he remained asleep. 25And they came and woke him up, saying,

“Save us, sir! We are lost!”

26And he said to them,

“Why are you afraid? You have so little faith!”

Then he got up and reproved the wind and the sea, and there was a great calm. 27And the men were amazed and said,

“What kind of man is this? For the very winds and sea obey him!”

28When he reached the other side, in the region of Gadara, two men possessed by demons came out of the tombs and confronted him; they were so extremely violent that nobody could go along that road. 29And they suddenly screamed out,

“What do you want of us, you Son of God? Have you come here before the appointed time to torture us?”

30Now at some distance from them there was a great drove of pigs feeding. 31And the demons entreated him, saying,

“If you are going to drive us out, send us into the drove of pigs.”

32And he said to them,

“Begone!”

And they came out and went into the pigs. And suddenly the whole drove rushed over the steep bank into the sea, and perished in the water. 33And the men who tended them ran away and went off to the town and told it all, and the news about the men possessed by demons. 34And the whole town came out to meet Jesus, and when they saw him they begged him to go away from their district.

Chapter 9

1So he got into the boat and crossed the sea, and returned to his own city.

2Some people came bringing to him on a bed a man who was paralyzed. Seeing their faith, Jesus said to the man,

“Courage, my son! Your sins are forgiven.”

3Some of the scribes said to themselves,

“This man is talking blasphemy!”

4Jesus knew what they were thinking, and he said,

“Why do you have such wicked thoughts in your hearts? 5For which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? 6But I would have you know that the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins on earth.” Then he said to the paralytic,

“Get up, pick up your bed and go home!”

7And he got up and went home. 8And when the crowd saw it, they were filled with awe, and praised God for giving such power to men.

9Afterward, as Jesus was passing along, he saw a man called Matthew sitting at the tollhouse, and he said to him,

“Follow me!”

And he got up and followed him.

10While Jesus was at home at table, a number of tax-collectors and irreligious people came in and joined Jesus and his disciples at table. 11And the Pharisees observed it, and they said to his disciples,

“Why does your master eat with tax-collectors and irreligious people?”

12But he heard it, and said,

“It is not well people but the sick who have to have the doctor! 13You must go and learn what the saying means, ‘It is mercy, not sacrifice, that I care for.’ I did not come to invite the pious but the irreligious.”

14Then the disciples of John came up to him and said,

“Why is it that we and the Pharisees are keeping the fast, while your disciples are not keeping it?”

15Jesus said to them,

“Can wedding guests mourn as long as the bridegroom is with them? But a time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them, and they will fast then. 16But no one sews a patch of unshrunken cloth on an old coat, for the patch will tear away from the coat, and make the hole worse than ever. 17And people do not put new wine into old wine-skins, or if they do, the skins burst, and the wine runs out and the skins are spoiled. But people put new wine into fresh wine-skins, and so both are saved.”

18Just as he said this to them, an official came up and bowing low before him said to him,

“My daughter has just died. But come! Lay your hand on her and she will come to life!”

19And Jesus got up and followed him, with his disciples. 20And a woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years came up behind him and touched the tassel of his cloak. 21For she said to herself, “If I can just touch his cloak, I will get well.” 22And Jesus turned and saw her, and he said,

“Courage, my daughter! Your faith has cured you!” And from that time the woman was well.

23When Jesus reached the official’s house, and saw the flute-players and the disturbance the crowd was making, 24he said,

“You must go away, for the girl is not dead; she is asleep.” And they laughed at him. 25But when he had driven the people out, he went in and grasped her hand, and the girl got up. 26And the news of this spread all over that part of the country.

27As Jesus was passing along from there, two blind men followed him, calling out,

“Take pity on us, you Son of David!”

28When he had gone indoors, the blind men came up to him, and he said to them,

“Do you believe that I can do this?” They said to him,

“Yes, sir.”

29Then he touched their eyes and said,

“You shall have what your faith expects.”

30And their sight was restored. Jesus warned them sternly not to let anyone hear of it. 31But they went out and spread the news about him all over that part of the country.

32But just as they were going out, some people brought to him a dumb man who was possessed by a demon, 33and as soon as the demon was driven out, the dumb man was able to speak. And the crowds were amazed, and said,

“Nothing like this was ever seen in Israel!”

34But the Pharisees said,

“It is by the aid of the prince of the demons that he drives them out.”

35Jesus went round among all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and curing any disease or illness.

36But the sight of the crowds of people filled him with pity for them, because they were bewildered and dejected, like sheep that have no shepherd. 37Then he said to his disciples,

“The harvest is abundant enough, but the reapers are few. 38So pray to the owner of the harvest to send reapers to gather it.”

Chapter 10

1Then he called his twelve disciples to him, and gave them power over the foul spirits so that they could drive them out, and so that they could heal any disease or illness.

2These are the names of the twelve apostles: first, Simon, who was called Peter, and his brother Andrew, and James the son of Zebedee and his brother John, 3Philip and Bartholomew, Thomas and Matthew the tax-collector, James the son of Alpheus and Thaddeus, 4Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot who afterward betrayed him.

5Jesus sent these twelve out, after giving them these directions:

“Do not go among the heathen, or to any Samaritan town, 6but proceed instead to the lost sheep of Israel’s house. 7And as you go about, preach and say, ‘The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand!’ 8Cure the sick, raise the dead, heal lepers, drive out demons. Give without payment, just as you received without payment. 9Do not accept gold or silver or copper money to put in your pockets, 10and do not take a bag for your journey, nor two shirts, nor shoes, nor a staff, for the workman deserves his food! 11Whatever town or village you come to, inquire for some suitable person, and stay with him till you leave the place. 12And as you go into his house, wish it well. 13If the house deserves it, the peace you wish it will come over it, but if it does not deserve it, your blessing will come back upon yourselves. 14And where no one will welcome you, or listen to you, leave that house or town and shake off its very dust from your feet. 15I tell you, the land of Sodom and Gomorrah will fare better on the Day of Judgment than that town.

16“Here I am sending you out like sheep among wolves. So you must be wise like serpents, and guileless like doves. 17But be on your guard against men, for they will give you up to their courts, and have you flogged in their synagogues, 18and you will be brought before governors and kings on my account, to bear your testimony before them and the heathen. 19But when they give you up, you must have no anxiety about how to speak or what to say, for you will be told at the very moment what you ought to say, 20for it is not you who will speak, it is the Spirit of your Father that will speak through you. 21One brother will give up another to death, and a father his child, and children will turn against their parents, and have them put to death. 22You will be hated by everybody on my account, but the man who holds out to the very end will be saved. 23But when they persecute you in one town, make your escape to another, for I tell you, you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man arrives. 24A pupil is not better than his teacher, nor a slave better than his master. 25A pupil should be satisfied to come to be like his teacher, or a slave, to come to be like his master. If men have called the head of the house Beelzebub, how much worse names will they give to the members of his household! 26So do not be afraid of them. For there is nothing covered up that is not going to be uncovered, nor secret that is not going to be known. 27What I tell you in the dark you must say in the light, and what you hear whispered in your ear, you must proclaim from the housetops. 28Have no fear of those who kill the body, but cannot kill the soul. You had better be afraid of one who can destroy both soul and body in the pit. 29Do not sparrows sell two for a cent? And yet not one of them can fall to the ground against your Father’s will! 30But the very hairs on your heads are all counted. 31You must not be afraid; you are worth more than a great many sparrows! 32Therefore everyone who will acknowledge me before men I will acknowledge before my Father in heaven, 33but anyone who disowns me before men, I will disown before my Father in heaven.

34“Do not think that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I have not come to bring peace but a sword. 35For I have come to turn a man against his father and a daughter against her mother and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law, 36and a man’s enemies will be in his own household. 37No one who loves father or mother more than he loves me is worthy of me, and no one who loves son or daughter more than he loves me is worthy of me, 38and no one who will not take up his cross and follow me is worthy of me. 39Whoever gains his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for my sake will gain it.

40“Whoever welcomes you welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes him who has sent me. 41Whoever welcomes a prophet because he is a prophet will have the same reward as a prophet, and whoever welcomes an upright man because he is upright will have the same reward as an upright man. 42And no one who will give the humblest of my disciples even a cup of cold water because he is my disciple, I tell you, can ever fail of his reward.”

Chapter 11

1When Jesus had finished giving his twelve disciples these instructions, he went on from there to teach and preach in their towns.

2Now when John heard in prison of what the Christ was doing, he sent by his disciples 3and said to him,

“Are you the one who was to come, or should we look for someone else?”

4Jesus answered,

“Go and report to John what you hear and see. 5The blind are regaining their sight and the lame can walk, the lepers are being cured and the deaf can hear, the dead are being raised and good news is being preached to the poor. 6And blessed is the man who finds nothing that repels him in me.”

7But as they were going away, Jesus began to speak to the crowds about John.

“What was it that you went out into the desert to look at? A reed swaying in the wind? 8Then what did you go out there to see? A man luxuriously dressed? Men who dress in that way you find in the palaces of kings. 9Then why did you go out there? Was it to see a prophet? Yes, I tell you, and far more than a prophet! 10This is the man of whom the Scripture says,

“ ‘Here I send my messenger on before you;

He will prepare the road ahead of you.’

11“I tell you, among men born of women no one greater than John the Baptist has ever appeared. And yet those who are of little importance in the Kingdom of Heaven are greater than he. 12But from the time of John the Baptist until now men have been taking the Kingdom of Heaven by storm and impetuously crowding into it. 13For up to the time of John all the Prophets and the Law itself prophesied about it, 14and, if you are ready to accept the idea, he is himself Elijah who was to come. 15Let him who has ears listen! 16But to what can I compare this present age? It is like children sitting about in the bazaars and calling out to their playmates,

17“ ‘We have played the flute for you, and you would not dance!

We have wailed and you would not beat your breasts!’

18For when John came, he neither ate nor drank, and people said, ‘He has a demon!’ 19Now that the Son of Man has come, he does eat and drink, and people say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drinker, the companion of tax-collectors and irreligious people!’ And yet Wisdom is vindicated by her actions!”

20Then he began to reproach the towns in which his numerous wonders had been done, because they did not repent.

21“Alas for you, Chorazin! Alas for you, Bethsaida! For if the wonders that have been done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented in sackcloth and ashes long ago! 22But I tell you, Tyre and Sidon will fare better on the Day of Judgment than you will! 23And you, Capernaum! Are you to be exalted to the skies? You will go down among the dead! For if the wonders that have been done in you had been done in Sodom, it would have stood until today. 24But I tell you that the land of Sodom will fare better on the Day of Judgment than you will!”

25At that same time Jesus said,

“I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, for hiding all this from the learned and intelligent and revealing it to children. 26Yes, I thank you, Father, for choosing to have it so. 27Everything has been handed over to me by my Father, and no one understands the Son but the Father, nor does anyone understand the Father but the Son and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him. 28Come to me, all of you who toil and are burdened, and I will let you rest. 29Let my yoke be put upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and humble-minded, and your hearts will find rest, 30for the yoke I offer you is a kindly one, and the load I ask you to bear is light.”

Chapter 12

1At that same time Jesus walked one Sabbath through the wheat fields, and his disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of wheat and eat them. 2But the Pharisees saw it and said to him,

“Look! Your disciples are doing something which it is against the Law to do on the Sabbath!”

3But he said to them,

“Did you never read what David did, when he and his companions were hungry? 4How is it that he went into the House of God and that they ate the Presentation Loaves which it was against the Law for him and his companions to eat, or for anyone except the priests? 5Or did you never read in the Law how the priests in the Temple are not guilty when they break the Sabbath? 6But I tell you, there is something greater than the Temple here! 7But if you knew what the saying means, ‘It is mercy, not sacrifice, that I care for,’ you would not have condemned men who are not guilty. 8For the Son of Man is master of the Sabbath.”

9And he left the place and went into their synagogue. 10There was a man there with one hand withered. And in order to get a charge to bring against him, they asked him,

“Is it right to cure people on the Sabbath?”

11But he said to them,

“Who among you if he has even a single sheep and it falls into a hole on the Sabbath, will not take hold of it and lift it out? 12And how much more a man is worth than a sheep! Therefore, it is right to do people good on the Sabbath.”

13Then he said to the man,

“Hold out your hand!”

And he held it out, and it was restored and became as well as the other. 14But the Pharisees left the synagogue and consulted about him, with a view to putting him to death.

15But Jesus knew of this, and he left that place. And numbers of people followed him about, and he cured them all, 16and warned them not to say anything about him 17—in fulfilment of what was said by the prophet Isaiah,

18“Here is my servant whom I have selected,

My beloved, who delights my heart!

I will endow him with my Spirit,

And he will announce a judgment to the heathen.

19He will not wrangle or make an outcry,

And no one will hear his voice in the streets;

20He will not break off a bent reed,

And he will not put out a smoldering wick,

Until he carries his judgment to success.

21The heathen will rest their hopes on his name!”

22At that time some people brought to him a man blind and dumb, who was possessed by a demon, and he cured him, so that the dumb man could speak and see. 23And all the crowds of people were astounded, and said,

“Can this be the Son of David?”

24But when the Pharisees heard of it they said,

“This man cannot drive out demons except by the aid of Beelzebub, the prince of the demons.”

25But he knew what they were thinking, and he said to them,

“Any kingdom that is disunited is on the way to destruction, and any city or household that is disunited cannot last. 26If Satan is driving Satan out, he is disunited, and so how can his kingdom last? 27And if I am driving the demons out by Beelzebub’s aid, by whose aid do your sons drive them out? Therefore let them be your judges. 28But if I am driving the demons out by the aid of God’s Spirit, then the Kingdom of God has overtaken you. 29How can anyone get into a strong man’s house and carry off his property unless he first binds the strong man? After that he can plunder his house. 30Anyone who is not with me is against me, and anyone who does not join me in gathering, scatters. 31Therefore, I tell you, men will be forgiven for any sin or abusive speech, but abusive speech about the Spirit cannot be forgiven. 32And whoever speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven for it, but whoever speaks against the holy Spirit cannot be forgiven for it, either in this world or in the world to come.

33“You must either make the tree sound and its fruit sound, or make the tree bad and its fruit bad; a tree is judged by its fruit. 34You brood of snakes! how can you, bad as you are, utter anything good? For the mouth says only what the heart is full of. 35A good man, out of the good he has accumulated, brings out things that are good, and a bad man, out of what he has accumulated that is bad, brings out things that are bad. 36But I tell you, for every careless word that men utter they will have to answer on the Day of Judgment. 37For it is by your words that you will be acquitted, or by your words that you will be condemned.”

38Then some of the scribes and Pharisees addressed him, saying,

“Master, we would like to have you show us some sign.”

39But he answered,

“Only a wicked and faithless age insists upon a sign, and no sign will be given it but the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40For just as Jonah was in the maw of the whale for three days and nights, the Son of Man will be three days and nights in the heart of the earth. 41Men of Nineveh will rise with this age at the judgment and condemn it, for when Jonah preached they repented, and there is more than Jonah here! 42The queen of the south will rise with this age at the judgment and condemn it, for she came from the very ends of the earth to listen to Solomon’s wisdom, and there is more than Solomon here!

43“When a foul spirit goes out of a man, it roams through deserts in search of rest and can find none. 44Then it says, ‘I will go back to my house that I left,’ and it goes and finds it unoccupied, cleaned, and all in order. 45Then it goes and gets seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there, and in the end the man is worse off than he was before. That is the way it will be with this present wicked age.”

46While he was still speaking, his mother and his brothers came up and stood outside the crowd, wanting to speak to him. 48But he said to the man who told him,

“Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?”

49And he pointed to his disciples and said,

“Here are my mother and my brothers! 50For whoever does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother!”

Chapter 13

1That same day Jesus went out of his house and was sitting on the seashore. 2And such great crowds gathered about him that he got into a boat and sat down in it, while all the people stood on the shore. 3And he told them many things in figures, and said to them,

“A sower went out to sow, 4and as he was sowing, some of the seed fell by the path and the birds came and ate it up, 5and some fell on rocky ground where there was not much soil and it sprang up at once, because the soil was not deep, 6but when the sun came up it was scorched and withered up, because it had no root. 7And some of it fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it out. 8And some fell on good soil, and yielded some a hundred, some sixty, and some thirty-fold. 9Let him who has ears listen!”

10His disciples came up and said to him,

“Why do you speak to them in figures?”

11He answered,

“You are permitted to know the secrets of the Kingdom of Heaven, but they are not. 12For people who have will have more given to them, and will be plentifully supplied, and from people who have nothing even what they have will be taken away. 13This is why I speak to them in figures, because though they look they do not see, and though they listen they do not hear or understand. 14They are a fulfilment of Isaiah’s prophecy,

“ ‘You will listen and listen, and never understand,

And you will look and look, and never see!

15For this nation’s mind has grown dull,

And they hear faintly with their ears,

And they have shut their eyes,

So as never to see with their eyes,

And hear with their ears,

And understand with their minds, and turn back,

And let me cure them!’

16But blessed are your eyes, for they do see, and your ears, for they do hear. 17For I tell you, many prophets and upright men have longed to see what you see, and could not see it, and to hear what you hear, and could not hear it.

18“You must listen closely then to the figure of the sower. 19When anyone hears the teaching of the kingdom and does not understand it, the evil one comes and robs him of the seed that has been sown in his mind. That is what was sown along the path. 20And what was sown upon the rocky soil means the man who hears the message and at once accepts it joyfully, 21but it takes no real root in him, and lasts only a little while, and when trouble or persecution comes because of the message, he gives it up at once. 22And what was sown among the thorns means the man who listens to the message, and then the worries of the time and the pleasure of being rich choke the message out, and it yields nothing. 23And what was sown in good ground means the man who listens to the message and understands it, and yields one a hundred, and another sixty, and another thirty-fold.”

24Another figure which he used in speaking to them was this:

“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field, 25but while people were asleep his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away. 26And when the wheat came up and ripened, the weeds appeared too. 27And the owner’s slaves came to him and said, ‘Was not the seed good that you sowed in your field, sir? So where did these weeds come from?’ 28He said to them, ‘This is some enemy’s doing.’ And they said to him, ‘Do you want us to go and gather them up?’ 29But he said, ‘No, for in gathering up the weeds you may uproot the wheat. 30Let them both grow together until harvest time, and when we harvest I will direct the reapers to gather up the weeds first and tie them up in bundles to burn, but get the wheat into my barn.’ ”

31Another figure which he used in speaking to them was this:

“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed which a man took and sowed in his field. 32It is the smallest of all seeds, but when it is grown it is the largest of plants and grows into a tree, so that the wild birds come and roost in its branches.”

33Another figure which he used with them was this:

“The Kingdom of Heaven is like yeast, which a woman took and buried in a bushel of flour until it had all risen.”

34Jesus said all this to the crowds in figures, and told them nothing except in figures, 35to fulfil what was said by the prophet,

“I will open my mouth in figures,

I will utter things that have been hidden since the creation.”

36Then he left the crowds and went into his house. And his disciples came up to him and said,

“Explain to us the figure of the weeds in the field.”

37He answered,

“The sower who sows the good seed is the Son of Man. 38The field is the world. The good seed is the people of the kingdom. The weeds are the wicked. 39The enemy who sowed them is the devil. The harvest is the close of the age, and the reapers are angels. 40So just as the weeds are gathered up and burned, this is what will happen at the close of the age; 41the Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will gather up out of his kingdom all the causes of sin and the wrongdoers 42and throw them into the blazing furnace; there they will wail and grind their teeth. 43Then the upright will shine out like the sun, in their Father’s kingdom. Let him who has ears listen!

44“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a hoard of money, buried in a field, which a man found, and buried again. And he was overjoyed, and went and sold everything he had and bought the field.

45“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a dealer in search of fine pearls. 46He found one costly pearl, and went and sold everything he had, and bought it.

47“Again, the Kingdom of Heaven is like a net that was let down into the sea, and inclosed fish of all kinds. 48When it was full, they dragged it up on the beach, and sat down and sorted the good fish into baskets and threw the bad away. 49That is what will happen at the close of the age. The angels will go out and remove the wicked from among the upright, 50and throw them into the blazing furnace. There they will wail and grind their teeth.

51“Do you understand all this?” They said to him,

“Yes.”

52He said to them,

“Then remember that every scribe who has become a disciple of the Kingdom of Heaven must be like a householder who can supply from his storeroom new things as well as old.”

53When Jesus had finished these figures, he left that place, 54and went to his own part of the country. And he taught the people in their synagogue in such a way that they were astonished, and said,

“Where did he get this wisdom, and the power to do these wonders? 55Is he not the carpenter’s son? Is not his mother named Mary, and are not his brothers named James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? 56And do not all his sisters live here among us? Then where did he get all this?”

57And they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them,

“A prophet is treated with honor everywhere except in his native place and at his home.”

58And he did not do many wonders there, because of their want of faith.

Chapter 14

1At that time, Herod the governor heard the reports about Jesus, 2and he said to his attendants,

“This man must be John the Baptist. He has risen from the dead, and that is why wonderful powers are working through him.”

3For Herod had seized John and bound him and put him in prison, on account of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, 4for John said to him,

“It is not right for you to be living with her.”

5And while he wanted him killed, he was afraid of the people; for they considered him a prophet. 6But when Herod’s birthday came, Herodias’ daughter danced before the company. And Herod was delighted with her, 7and swore that he would give her anything she asked for. 8But she, at her mother’s instigation, said,

“Give me John the Baptist’s head here on a platter!”

9And the king was sorry, but because he had sworn to do it, and because of the guests who were present, he ordered it to be given to her. 10And he sent and had John beheaded in the prison. 11And his head was brought back on a platter and given to the girl, and she took it to her mother. 12John’s disciples came and took his body away, and buried him, and then they went and reported it to Jesus.

13When Jesus heard it, he quietly retired by boat to a secluded place. And the crowds heard of it and followed him on foot from the towns. 14So when he got out of the boat he found a great crowd gathered, and his heart was touched at the sight of them, and he cured those of them that were sick. 15And when it was evening, the disciples came up to him and said,

“This is a lonely place and the day is over. Send the crowds off to the villages to buy themselves food.”

16But Jesus said to them,

“They do not need to go away. Give them food yourselves.”

17They said to him,

“We have nothing here but five loaves and two fish.”

18He said,

“Bring them here to me.”

19Then he ordered the crowds to sit down on the grass, and he took the five loaves and the two fish and looked up to heaven and blessed them, and he broke the loaves in pieces and gave them to the disciples and they gave them to the people. 20And they all ate and had enough. And the pieces left over that they gathered up filled twelve baskets. 21There were about five thousand men who were fed, besides women and children.

22And he immediately made his disciples get into the boat and cross before him to the other side while he dismissed the crowds. 23After he had dismissed them he went up the hill by himself to pray. And when evening came on he was there alone, 24but the boat was by this time a long way from shore, struggling with the waves, for the wind was against them. 25Toward morning he went out to them, walking on the sea. 26And the disciples saw him walking on the sea, and they were terrified and said,

“It is a ghost!”

And they screamed with fear. 27But Jesus immediately spoke to them and said,

“Take courage! It is I. Do not be afraid.”

28Peter answered,

“If it is you, Master, order me to come to you on the water.”

29And he said,

“Come!”

And Peter got out of the boat and walked on the water and went to Jesus. 30But when he felt the wind he was frightened, and beginning to sink, he cried out,

“Master, save me!”

31Jesus immediately stretched out his hand and caught hold of him, and said to him,

“Why did you waver? You have so little faith!”

32When they got into the boat, the wind went down. 33And the men in the boat fell down before him and said,

“You are certainly God’s Son!”

34And they crossed over to the other side and came to Gennesaret. 35And the men of the place recognized him, and sent all over that district and brought to him all who were sick, 36and they begged him to let them touch just the tassel of his cloak, and all who touched it were cured.

Chapter 15

1Then some Pharisees and scribes came to Jesus from Jerusalem, and said to him,

2“Why do your disciples break the rules handed down by our ancestors? For they eat their bread without first washing their hands.”

3But he answered,

“Why do you too break God’s command for the sake of what has been handed down to you? 4For God said, ‘Honor your father and mother,’ and ‘He who abuses his father or mother must be put to death.’ 5But you say, ‘Whoever tells his father or mother, “Anything of mine that might have been of use to you is given to God,” 6does not have to provide for his father.’ So you have nullified what God has said, for the sake of what has been handed down to you. 7You hypocrites! Isaiah prophesied finely about you when he said,

8“ ‘This people honor me with their lips,

Yet their hearts are far away from me.

9But their worship of me is all in vain,

For the lessons they teach are but human precepts.’ ”

10And he called the people to him and said to them,

11“Listen to this, and grasp it! It is not what goes into a man’s mouth that pollutes him; it is what comes out of his mouth that pollutes a man.”

12Then his disciples came up to him and said to him,

“Do you know that the Pharisees were shocked to hear you say that?”

13But he answered,

“Any plant that my heavenly Father did not plant must be uprooted! 14Leave them alone. They are blind guides! But if one blind man leads another, they will both fall into the ditch!”

15Peter said to him,

“Explain the figure for us.”

16He said,

“Have even you no understanding yet? 17Can you not see that whatever goes into the mouth passes into the stomach and then is disposed of? 18But the things that come out of the mouth come from the heart, and they pollute a man. 19For out of the heart come wicked designs, murder, adultery, immorality, stealing, false witness, impious speech. 20It is these things that pollute a man, but not eating with unwashed hands!”

21And Jesus left that place and retired to the neighborhood of Tyre and Sidon. 22And a Canaanite woman of that district came out and screamed,

“Son of David, take pity on me, sir! My daughter is dreadfully possessed by a demon!”

23But he would not answer her a word. And his disciples came up and urged him, saying,

“Send her away, for she keeps screaming after us.”

24But he answered,

“I am sent only to the lost sheep of Israel’s house.”

25And she came and fell down before him, and said,

“Help me, sir!”

26He said,

“It is not right to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs!”

27But she said,

“O yes, sir! For even dogs eat the scraps that fall from their masters’ table!”

28Then Jesus answered,

“You have great faith! You shall have what you want.”

And her daughter was cured from that time.

29Jesus left that place and went along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, and went up on the hillside and sat down there. 30Then great crowds came to him bringing with them those who were lame, crippled, blind, or dumb, and many others. And they laid them down at his feet, and he cured them, 31so that the people were astonished to see the dumb speak, the lame walk, and the blind see. And they praised the God of Israel.

32Then Jesus called his disciples to him and said to them,

“I pity these people for they have been staying with me three days now and they have nothing left to eat, and I do not mean to send them away hungry, for they may give out on the way.”

33The disciples said to him,

“Where can we get bread enough in this solitude to feed such a crowd?”

34Jesus said to them,

“How many loaves have you?”

They said,

“Seven, and a few small fish.”

35Then he ordered the people to take their places on the ground, 36and he took the seven loaves and the fish and gave thanks and he broke them in pieces and gave them to his disciples, and the disciples gave them to the people. 37And they all ate and satisfied their hunger. And the pieces that they left that were picked up filled seven baskets. 38There were four thousand men who were fed, besides women and children. 39And he dismissed the people and got into the boat and went to the district of Magadan.

Chapter 16

1The Pharisees and Sadducees came up and to test him asked him to show them a sign from heaven. 2He answered,

4“It is a wicked and faithless age that insists on a sign, and no sign will be given it but the sign of Jonah.”

And he left them and went away.

5When the disciples went across the lake, they forgot to take any bread. 6And Jesus said to them,

“Look out, and be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!”

7But they were discussing something with one another, and saying,

“We have not brought any bread!”

8Jesus noticed it and said,

“Why are you discussing with one another your being without bread? You have so little faith! 9Do you not understand yet? Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets full you gathered up? 10Nor the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets full you gathered up? 11Why do you not see that I was not talking to you about bread? But be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees!”

12Then they understood that he was warning them not against yeast but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.

13When Jesus reached the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples,

“Who do people say that the Son of Man is?”

14They said,

“Some say John the Baptist, others Elijah, and still others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”

15He said to them,

“But who do you say that I am?”

16Simon Peter answered,

“You are the Christ, the Son of the living God!”

17Jesus answered,

“Blessed are you, Simon, son of Jonah, for human nature has not disclosed this to you, but my Father in heaven! 18But I tell you, your name is Peter, a rock, and on this rock I will build my church, and the powers of death shall not subdue it. 19I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of Heaven, and whatever you forbid on earth will be held in heaven to be forbidden, and whatever you permit on earth will be held in heaven to be permitted.”

20Then he warned the disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Christ.

21It was then that Jesus Christ for the first time explained to his disciples that he had to go to Jerusalem and endure great suffering there at the hands of the elders, high priests, and scribes, and be killed, and be raised to life on the third day. 22And Peter took him aside and began to reprove him for it, saying,

“God bless you, Master! that can never happen to you!”

23But he turned and said to Peter,

“Get out of my sight, you Satan! You hinder me, for you do not side with God, but with men!”

24Then Jesus said to his disciples,

“If anyone wants to go with me, he must disregard himself and take his cross and follow me. 25For whoever wants to preserve his own life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for me will find it. 26For what good will it do a man if he gains the whole world but parts with his life? What can a man give to buy back his life? 27For the Son of Man is going to come with his angels in his Father’s glory, and then he will repay everyone for what he has done. 28I tell you, some of you who stand here will certainly live to see the Son of Man come to reign!”

Chapter 17

1Six days after this, Jesus took Peter and James and his brother John, and led them up on a high mountain, by themselves. 2And his appearance underwent a change in their presence and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes became as white as light. 3And Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with him. 4And Peter spoke, and said to Jesus,

“Master, how good it is that we are here! If you wish, I will make three huts here, one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.”

5As he spoke a bright cloud overshadowed them and a voice from the cloud said,

“This is my Son, my Beloved. He is my Chosen. Listen to him!”

6When the disciples heard it, they were dreadfully frightened and fell upon their faces. 7And Jesus came and touched them, and said,

“Get up and do not be afraid.”

8When they looked up, they saw no one but Jesus himself. 9And as they were going down the mountain, Jesus cautioned them, saying,

“Do not tell anyone of the vision you have seen until the Son of Man is raised from the dead.”

10The disciples asked him,

“Then why do the scribes say that Elijah has to come first?”

11He answered,

“Elijah does come and is to reform everything, 12but I tell you, Elijah has come already, and they would not recognize him, but treated him just as they pleased. It is in just that way that the Son of Man is going to be treated by them!”

13Then the disciples understood that he was speaking to them of John the Baptist.

14When they came to the people again, a man came up to him and fell on his knees, saying,

15“Master, take pity on my son, for he has epilepsy, and is very wretched; he often falls into the fire or into the water. 16And I brought him to your disciples and they have not been able to cure him.”

17Jesus answered,

“O you unbelieving, obstinate people! How long must I be with you? How long must I put up with you? Bring him here to me!”

18And Jesus reproved the demon and it came out of him, and from that moment the boy was cured. 19Afterward, when he was alone, the disciples went to Jesus and said to him,

“Why could we not drive it out?”

20He said to them,

“Because you have so little faith. For I tell you, if you have faith the size of a grain of mustard, you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here over to there!’ and it will move, and nothing will be impossible for you.”

22As they were going about in Galilee, Jesus said to them,

“The Son of Man is going to be handed over to men, 23and they will kill him, but on the third day he will be raised to life again.” And they were greatly distressed.

24When they reached Capernaum, the collectors of the temple-tax came and said to Peter,

“Does not your Master pay the temple-tax?”

25He said,

“Yes.”

But when he went home, Jesus spoke of it first and said,

“What do you think, Simon? From whom do earthly kings collect duties and taxes? From their own people, or from aliens?”

26He said,

“From aliens.”

Jesus said to him,

“Then their own people are exempt. 27But rather than give offense to them, go down to the sea and throw in a hook. Take the first fish that comes up, open its mouth and you will find in it a dollar. Take that and pay the tax for us both.”

Chapter 18

1Just at that time the disciples came up and asked Jesus,

“Who is really greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven?”

2He called a child to him and had him stand among them, 3and he said,

“I tell you, unless you change and become like children, you will never get into the Kingdom of Heaven at all. 4Anyone, therefore, who is as unassuming as this child is the greatest in the Kingdom of Heaven, 5and anyone who welcomes one child like this on my account welcomes me. 6But whoever hinders one of these children who believe in me might better have a great millstone hung around his neck and be sunk in the open sea. 7Alas for the world for such hindrances! They have to come, but alas for the man who causes them!

8“But if your own hand or your own foot makes you fall, cut it off and throw it away. You might better enter upon life maimed or crippled than keep both hands and feet but be thrown into the everlasting fire. 9And if your own eye makes you fall, dig it out and throw it away. You might better enter upon life with only one eye than be thrown with both eyes into the fiery pit.

10“Beware of feeling scornful of one single little child, for I tell you that in heaven their angels have continual access to my Father in heaven. 12What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep and one of them strays away, will he not leave the ninety-nine on the hills, and go in search of the one that is astray? 13And if he happens to find it, I tell you he rejoices more over it than he does over the ninety-nine that did not stray. 14In just that way, it is the will of my Father in heaven that not a single one of these children be lost.

15“But if your brother wrongs you go to him and show him his fault while you are alone with him. If he listens to you, you have won back your brother. 16But if he will not listen, take one or two others with you, so that everything may be supported by the testimony of two or three witnesses. 17If he refuses to listen to them, tell the congregation. And if he refuses to listen to it, treat him as a heathen or a tax-collector.

18“I tell you, whatever you forbid on earth will be held in heaven to be forbidden, and whatever you permit on earth will be held in heaven to be permitted. 19Again, I tell you, if even two of you here on earth agree about what they shall pray for, it will be given them by my Father in heaven. 20For wherever two or three are gathered as my followers, I am there among them.”

21Then Peter came to him and said,

“Master, how many times am I to forgive my brother when he wrongs me? Seven times over?”

22Jesus said to him,

“Not seven times over, I tell you, but seventy-seven times over! 23For this reason the Kingdom of Heaven may be compared to a king, who resolved to settle accounts with his slaves. 24And when he set about doing so, a man was brought in who owed him ten million dollars. 25And as he could not pay, his master ordered him to be sold, with his wife and children and all he had, in payment of the debt. 26So the slave threw himself down before him and implored him, ‘Give me time, and I will pay you all of it.’ 27And his master’s heart was touched, and he let the slave go and canceled the debt. 28But when the slave went out he met a fellow-slave of his who owed him twenty dollars, and he caught him by the throat and began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay me what you owe!’ 29So his fellow-slave threw himself down before him, and begged him, ‘Give me time, and I will pay you.’ 30But he refused and went and had him put in prison until he should pay the debt. 31When his fellow-slaves saw what had happened, they were greatly distressed, and they went to their master and reported the whole matter to him. 32Then his master called him in and said to him, ‘You wicked slave! I canceled all that debt of yours when you entreated me. 33Ought you not to have taken pity on your fellow-slave, as I did on you?’ 34So his master in his anger handed him over to the jailers, until he should pay all he owed him. 35That is what my heavenly Father will do to you, if you do not each forgive your brothers from your hearts!”

Chapter 19

1When Jesus had finished this discourse, he left Galilee and went to the part of Judea that is on the other side of the Jordan. 2Great crowds followed him about and he cured them there.

3And some Pharisees came up to him to test him, and they said,

“Is it right for a man to divorce his wife for any cause?”

4But he answered,

“Did you never read that the Creator at the beginning made them male and female, 5and said, ‘For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two of them shall become one’? So they are no longer two but one. 6Therefore, what God has joined together, man must not try to separate.”

7They said to him,

“Then why did Moses command us to draw up a written divorce-notice and give it to her?”

8He said to them,

“It was on account of your perversity that Moses permitted you to divorce your wives, but it was not so at the beginning. 9I tell you that whoever divorces his wife on any ground but her unfaithfulness, and marries another woman, commits adultery.”

10The disciples said to him,

“If that is a man’s relation to his wife, it is better not to marry!”

11He said to them,

“It is not everyone who can accept that, but only those who have a special gift. 12For some are incapable of marriage from their birth, and some have been made so by men, and some have made themselves so for the sake of the Kingdom of Heaven. Let him accept it who can.”

13Then some children were brought up to him so that he might lay his hands on them and pray, but his disciples reproved the people for it. 14But Jesus said,

“Let the children alone, and do not try to keep them from coming to me, for the Kingdom of Heaven belongs to such as they are.”

15And he laid his hands on them and went on.

16A man came up to him and said,

“Master, what good deed must I do to obtain eternal life?”

17But he said to him,

“Why do you ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good.

But if you want to enter that life, keep the commandments.”

18He said to him,

“Which ones?”

Jesus said,

“These: ‘You shall not murder, You shall not commit adultery, You shall not steal, You shall not bear false witness, 19Honor your father and mother,’ and ‘You shall love your neighbor as you do yourself.’ ”

20The young man said to him,

“I have obeyed all these commandments. What do I still lack?”

21Jesus said to him,

“If you want to be perfect, go! Sell your property and give the money to the poor, and you will have riches in heaven. Then come back and be a follower of mine.”

22But when the young man heard that, he went away much cast down, for he had a great deal of property.

23Jesus said to his disciples,

“I tell you, it will be hard for a rich man to get into the Kingdom of Heaven! 24And again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to get through a needle’s eye than for a rich man to get into the Kingdom of God!”

25But when the disciples heard this, they were completely astounded and said,

“Then who can be saved?”

26But Jesus looked at them and said,

“For men it is impossible, but anything is possible for God!”

27Then Peter spoke and said to him, “Here we have left all we had and followed you. What are we to have?”

28Jesus said to them,

“In the new world, I tell you, when the Son of Man takes his seat on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit upon twelve thrones, and judge the twelve tribes of Israel!

29And anyone who has given up houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children or land for my sake will receive many times as much, and share eternal life. 30But many who are first now will be last then, and many who are now last will be first.

Chapter 20

1For the Kingdom of Heaven is like an employer who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 2He agreed with the laborers to pay them a dollar a day, and sent them to his vineyard. 3He went out about nine o’clock and saw others standing in the bazaar with nothing to do. 4And he said to them, ‘You go to my vineyard, too, and I will pay you whatever is right.’ So they went. 5He went out again about twelve and about three, and did the same. 6About five he went out and found others standing about and he said to them, ‘Why have you been standing about here all day doing nothing?’ 7They said to him, ‘Because nobody has hired us.’ He said to them, ‘You go to my vineyard, too.’ 8When evening came, the owner of the vineyard said to his foreman, ‘Call the laborers and pay them their wages, beginning with the last and ending with the first.’ 9When those who were hired about five o’clock came they received a dollar apiece. 10And when those who were hired first came they expected to get more, but they too got a dollar apiece. 11And when they received it they grumbled at their employer, 12and said, ‘These men who were hired last worked only one hour, and you have put them on the same footing with us who have done the heavy work of the day and have stood the midday heat.’ 13But he answered one of them, ‘My friend, I am doing you no injustice. Did you not agree with me on a dollar? 14Take what belongs to you and go. I wish to give the last man hired as much as I give you. 15Have I no right to do what I please with what is mine? Or do you begrudge my generosity?’ 16So those who are last now will be first then, and those who are first will be last.”

17When Jesus was about to go up to Jerusalem, he took the Twelve off by themselves, and said to them as they were on the way,

18“We are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the high priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death, 19and hand him over to the heathen to be mocked and flogged and crucified, and on the third day he will be raised to life.”

20Then the mother of Zebedee’s sons came up to him with her sons, bowing low, to ask a favor of him. 21He said to her,

“What do you want?”

She said to him,

“Give orders that these two sons of mine sit one at your right and one at your left, when you are king!”

22But Jesus answered,

“You do not know what you are asking for! Can you drink what I am going to drink?”

They answered,

“Yes, we can.”

23He said to them,

“Then what I drink you shall drink, but as for sitting at my right or my left, that is not mine to give, but belongs to those for whom it is destined by my Father.”

24When the other ten heard of this, they were very indignant at the two brothers. 25But Jesus called them to him and said,

“You know that the rulers of the heathen lord it over them, and their great men tyrannize over them. 26It is not to be so among you, but whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant, 27and whoever wants to hold the first place among you must be your slave, 28just as the Son of Man has come not to be waited on, but to wait on other people, and to give his life to ransom many others.”

29As they were going out of Jericho, a great crowd followed him. 30And two blind men sitting by the roadside, hearing that it was Jesus who was passing, called out,

“You Son of David! Take pity on us, sir!”

31The crowd told them to be still, but they called all the louder,

“You Son of David! Take pity on us, sir!”

32And Jesus stopped and called them, and said,

“What do you want me to do for you?”

33They said to him,

“Sir, have our eyes opened!”

34And Jesus took pity on them and touched their eyes, and they immediately regained their sight, and followed him.

Chapter 21

1When they were near Jerusalem and had come to Bethphage and the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two disciples on ahead, 2saying to them,

“Go to the village that lies in front of you, and you will at once find an ass tied there, and a colt with her. Untie her and bring them to me. 3If anyone says anything to you, you are to say, ‘The Master needs them’; then he will send them at once.”

4Now this happened in fulfilment of what was said by the prophet,

5“Tell the daughter of Zion,

‘Here is your king coming to you,

Gentle, and riding on an ass,

And on the foal of a beast of burden.’ ”

6So the disciples went and did as Jesus had directed them; 7they brought the ass and the colt, and laid their coats upon them, and Jesus seated himself upon them. 8And most of the crowd spread their coats in his way, and others cut branches from the trees and scattered them before him. 9And the crowds that went in front of him and that followed him shouted,

“God bless the Son of David!

Blessed be he who comes in the Lord’s name.

God bless him from on high!”

10When he came into Jerusalem, the whole city was stirred, and everyone asked,

“Who is he?”

11The crowd answered,

“It is Jesus, the prophet of Nazareth in Galilee!”

12And Jesus went into the Temple and drove out all who were buying or selling things in it, and he upset the money-changers’ tables and the pigeon-dealers’ seats, 13and he said to them,

“The Scripture says, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer,’ but you make it a robbers’ cave.”

14And blind and lame people came up to him in the Temple, and he cured them. 15But when the high priests and the scribes saw the wonders that he did and saw the boys shouting in the Temple, “God bless the Son of David!” they were indignant, 16and said to him,

“Do you hear what they are saying?”

Jesus said to them,

“Yes. Did you never read, ‘You have drawn praise from the mouths of children and infants’?”

17And he left them, and went out of the city to Bethany, and spent the night there.

18In the morning as he went back to the city, he grew hungry, 19and seeing a fig tree by the roadside, he went up to it, but found nothing on it but leaves. And he said to it,

“No more fruit shall ever grow on you!”

And the fig tree withered up at once. 20When the disciples saw it, they were amazed and said,

“How did the fig tree come to wither up immediately?”

21Jesus answered,

“I tell you, if you have faith and have no doubt, you will not only do what I have done to the fig tree, but even if you say to this mountain, ‘Get up and throw yourself into the sea,’ it will be done. 22And everything that you pray for with faith, you will obtain.”

23When he had entered the Temple, and was teaching, the high priests and the elders of the people came up to him, and said,

“What authority have you for doing as you do, and who gave you this authority?”

24Jesus answered,

“Let me ask you one question, and if you answer it, I will tell you what authority I have for doing as I do. 25Where did John’s baptism come from? Was it from heaven, or from men?”

And they argued with one another,

“If we say, ‘It was from heaven,’ he will say to us, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ 26But if we say, ‘From men,’ we have the people to fear, for they all consider John a prophet.”

27And they answered Jesus,

“We do not know.”

He said to them,

“Nor will I tell you what authority I have for doing as I do. 28But what do you think? There was a man who had two sons. He went to the first and said, ‘My son, go and work in the vineyard today.’ 29And he answered, ‘I will, sir,’ but he did not go. 30Then the man went to the second son, and told him the same thing. And he answered, ‘I will not!’ But afterward he changed his mind and went. 31Which of the two did what his father wanted?”

They said,

“The second one.”

Jesus said to them,

“I tell you, the tax-collectors and prostitutes are going into the Kingdom of God ahead of you. 32For John came to you with a way of uprightness, and you would not believe him. The tax-collectors and prostitutes believed him, but even after seeing that, you would not change your minds and believe him!

33“Listen to another figure. There was a land owner who planted a vineyard and fenced it in, and hewed out a wine-vat in it, and built a watch-tower, and leased it to tenants, and left the neighborhood. 34When the time for the vintage approached he sent his slaves to the tenants to receive his share. 35But the tenants took his slaves and beat one and killed another and stoned a third. 36Again he sent other slaves and more of them than he had sent at first, and they treated them in the same way. 37Finally he sent his son to them, thinking, ‘They will respect my son.’ 38But when the tenants saw his son, they said to one another. ‘This is his heir! Come on, let us kill him, and get his inheritance!’ 39So they took him and drove him out of the vineyard and killed him. 40When the owner of the vineyard comes back, therefore, what will he do to these tenants?”

41They said to him,

“He will put the wretches to a miserable death, and let the vineyard to other tenants who will give him his share of the vintage when it is due.”

42Jesus said to them,

“Did you never read in the Scriptures,

“ ‘That stone which the builders rejected

Has become the cornerstone;

This came from the Lord,

And seems marvelous to us’?

43“That, I tell you, is why the Kingdom of God will be taken away from you, and given to a people that will produce its proper fruit. 44Whoever falls on that stone will be shattered, but whoever it falls upon will be pulverized.”

45When the high priests and the Pharisees heard his figures, they knew that he was speaking about them, 46and they wanted to have him arrested, but they were afraid of the people, for the people considered him a prophet.

Chapter 22

1And Jesus spoke to them again in figures, and said,

2“The Kingdom of Heaven is like a king, who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 3And he sent his slaves to summon those who had been invited to the banquet, and they would not come. 4He sent other slaves a second time, and said to them, ‘Tell those who have been asked, “Here I have my banquet all ready, my bullocks and fat cattle are killed, and everything is ready. Come to the banquet!” ’ 5But they took no notice of it, and went off, one to his estate, and another to his business, 6and the rest seized his slaves, and ill treated them and killed them. 7This made the king angry, and he sent his troops and put those murderers to death and burned their city. 8Then he said to his slaves, ‘The banquet is ready, but those who were invited have proved unworthy of it. 9So go out where the roads leave the city and invite everyone you find to the banquet.’ 10So his slaves went out on the roads, and got together all the people they could find, good or bad, and the hall was filled with guests. 11But when the king came in to view the guests, he saw among them a man who did not have on wedding clothes. 12And he said to him, ‘My friend, how did you happen to come here without wedding clothes?’ But he had nothing to say. 13Then the king said to his attendants, ‘Bind him hand and foot and throw him out into the darkness, there to weep and grind his teeth.’ 14For many are invited but few chosen.”

15Then the Pharisees went and made a plot to entrap him in argument. 16So they sent their disciples to him with the Herodians, to say to him,

“Master, we know that you tell the truth, and teach the way of God with sincerity, regardless of the consequences, for you are impartial. 17So give us your opinion: Is it right to pay the poll-tax to the emperor, or not?”

18But he saw their malice, and said,

19“Why do you put me to such a test, you hypocrites? Show me the poll-tax coin!”

And they brought him a denarius. 20And he said to them,

“Whose head and title is this?”

21They answered,

“The emperor’s.”

Then he said to them,

“Then pay the emperor what belongs to the emperor, and pay God what belongs to God!”

22And when they heard it they were amazed, and they went away and left him.

23On the same day some Sadducees came up to him, claiming that there is no resurrection, and they asked him this question:

24“Master, Moses said, ‘If a man dies without children his brother shall marry his widow, and raise up a family for him.’ 25Now there were seven brothers among us. The first of them married and died, and as he had no children, he left his wife to his brother; 26so did the second, and the third, and the rest of the seven. 27After them all the woman died. 28At the resurrection which one’s wife will she be? For they all married her.”

29Jesus answered them,

“You are wrong, because you do not understand the Scriptures nor the power of God. 30For after the resurrection there is no marrying or being married, but they live as angels do in heaven. 31But as to the resurrection of the dead, did you never read what was said to you by God, 32‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? He is not the God of dead men but of living!”

33When the crowd heard this, they were astounded at his teaching.

34And when the Pharisees heard that he had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together, 35and one of them, an expert in the Law, to test him, asked,

36“Master, what command is greatest in the Law?”

37And he said to him,

“ ‘You must love the Lord your God with your whole heart, your whole soul, and your whole mind.’ 38That is the great, first command. 39There is a second like it: ‘You must love your neighbor as you do yourself.’ 40These two commands sum up the whole of the Law and the Prophets.”

41While the Pharisees were still gathered there, Jesus asked them,

42“What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?”

They said to him,

“David’s.”

43He said to them,

“How is it then that David under the Spirit’s influence calls him lord, and says,

44“ ‘The Lord has said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand,

Until I put your enemies under your feet” ’?

45So if David calls him lord, how can he be his son?”

46And no one could make him any answer, and from that day no one ventured to ask him any more questions.

Chapter 23

1Then Jesus said to the crowds and to his disciples,

2“The scribes and Pharisees have taken Moses’ seat. 3So do everything they tell you, and observe it all, but do not do as they do, for they talk but do not act. 4They tie up heavy loads and have them put on men’s shoulders, but they will not lift a finger to move them. 5They do everything they do to have men see it. They wear wide Scripture texts as charms, and they wear large tassels, 6and they like the best places at dinners and the front seats in the synagogues, 7and to be saluted with respect in public places, and to have men call them ‘Rabbi.’ 8But you must not let people call you ‘Rabbi,’ for you have only one teacher, and you are all brothers. 9And you must not call anyone on earth your father, for you have only one father, your heavenly Father. 10And you must not let men call you master, for you have only one master, the Christ. 11But he who is greatest among you must be your servant. 12Whoever exalts himself will be humbled and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.

13“But alas for you, you hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, for you lock the doors of the Kingdom of Heaven in men’s faces, for you will neither go in yourselves nor let those enter who are trying to do so. 15Alas for you, you hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, for you scour land and sea to make one convert, and when he is converted you make him twice as fit for the pit as you are. 16Alas for you, you blind guides, who say, ‘If anyone swears by the sanctuary, it does not matter, but if anyone swears by the gold of the sanctuary, it is binding.’ 17Blind fools! which is greater, the gold, or the sanctuary that makes the gold sacred? 18You say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it does not matter, but if anyone swears by the offering that is on it, it is binding.’ 19You blind men! Which is greater, the offering, or the altar that makes the offering sacred? 20Anyone who swears by the altar is swearing by it and by everything that is on it, 21and anyone who swears by the sanctuary is swearing by it and by him who dwells in it; 22and anyone who swears by heaven is swearing by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.

23“Alas for you, you hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, for you pay tithes on mint, dill, and cummin, and you have let the weightier matters of the Law go—justice, mercy, and integrity. But you should have observed these, without overlooking the others. 24You blind guides! straining out the gnat, and yet swallowing the camel! 25Alas for you, you hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, for you clean the outside of the cup and the dish, but inside they are full of greed and self-indulgence. 26You blind Pharisee! You must first clean the inside of the cup and the dish, so that the outside may be clean too. 27Alas for you, you hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, for you are like white-washed tombs! They look well on the outside, but inside they are full of the bones of the dead, and all that is unclean. 28So you outwardly appear to men to be upright, but within you are full of hypocrisy and wickedness.

29“Alas for you, you hypocritical scribes and Pharisees, for you build tombs for the prophets, and decorate the monuments of the upright, 30and say, ‘If we had been living in the times of our fathers, we would not have joined them in the murder of the prophets.’ 31So you bear witness against yourselves that you are descended from the murderers of the prophets. 32Go on and fill up the measure of your forefathers’ guilt. 33You serpents! You brood of snakes! How can you escape being sentenced to the pit? 34This is why I am going to send you prophets, wise men and scribes, some of whom you will kill and crucify, and some you will flog in your synagogues and hunt from one town to another; 35it is that on your heads may come all the righteous blood shed on the earth from the blood of Abel the upright to the blood of Zechariah, Barachiah’s son, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar! 36I tell you, all this will come upon this age!

37“O Jerusalem, Jerusalem! murdering the prophets, and stoning those who are sent to her, how often I have longed to gather your children around me, as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, but you refused! 38Now I leave you to yourselves. 39For I tell you, you will never see me again until you say, ‘Blessed be he who comes in the Lord’s name!’ ”

Chapter 24

1And Jesus left the Temple and was going away, when his disciples came up to him to call his attention to the Temple buildings. 2But he answered,

“Do you see all this? I tell you, not one stone will be left here upon another but shall be torn down.”

3As he was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came up to him by themselves, and said to him,

“Tell us when this is to happen, and what will be the sign of your coming, and of the close of the age.”

4Jesus answered,

“Take care that no one misleads you about this. 5For many will come under my name, and say, ‘I am the Christ,’ and many will be misled by them. 6You will hear of wars and rumors of war; do not let yourselves be alarmed. They have to come, but that is not the end. 7For nation will rise in arms against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes here and there. 8All this is only the beginning of the sufferings. 9Then they will hand you over to persecution and they will put you to death, and you will be hated by all the heathen because you bear my name. 10Then many will fall away and betray one another and hate one another. 11Many false prophets will appear, and many will be misled by them, 12and because of the increase of wickedness, most men’s love will grow cold. 13But he who holds out to the end will be saved. 14And this good news of the kingdom will be preached all over the world, to testify to all the heathen, and then the end will come.

15“So when you see the dreadful desecration, of which the prophet Daniel spoke, set up in the Holy Place”—the reader must take note of this— 16“then those who are in Judea must fly to the hills; 17a man on the roof of his house must not go down to get things out of it, 18and a man in the field must not turn back to get his coat. 19But alas for women who are with child at that time or who have babies! 20And pray that you may not have to fly in winter or on the Sabbath, 21for there will be greater misery then than there has ever been from the beginning of creation until now, or ever will be again. 22If those days had not been cut short, nobody would have escaped, but for the sake of God’s people those days will be cut short.

23“If anyone says to you at that time, ‘Look! here is the Christ!’ or ‘There he is!’ do not believe it, 24for false Christs and false prophets will appear, and they will show great signs and wonders to mislead God’s chosen people if they can. 25Here I have told you beforehand. 26So if they say to you, ‘There he is, in the desert!’ do not go out there; ‘Here he is, in a room in here!’ do not believe it. 27For just as the lightning starts in the east and flashes to the west, so the coming of the Son of Man will be. 28Wherever there is a dead body, the vultures will flock.

29“But immediately after the misery of those days, the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not shed its light, and the stars will fall from the sky, and the forces of the sky will shake. 30Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will lament when they see the Son of Man coming on the clouds of the sky, in all his power and splendor. 31And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet-call, and they will gather his chosen people from the four winds, from one end of the sky to the other.

32“Let the fig tree teach you the lesson. As soon as its branches grow soft and put forth leaves, you know that summer is coming. 33So when you see all these things, you must know that he is just at the door. 34I tell you, these things will all happen before the present age passes away. 35Earth and sky will pass away but my words will never pass away. 36But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven nor the Son, but only the Father. 37For just as it was in the time of Noah, it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 38For just as in those days before the flood people were eating and drinking, marrying and being married, until the very day Noah entered the ark, 39and knew nothing about it until the flood came and destroyed them all, so it will be at the coming of the Son of Man. 40Two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left. 41Two women will be grinding with the handmill; one will be taken and one left. 42So you must be on the watch, for you do not know on what day your Master is coming. 43But you may be sure of this, that if the master of the house had known in what part of the night the thief was coming, he would have been on the watch, and would not have let his house be broken into. 44Therefore you must be ready too, for the Son of Man is coming at a time when you do not expect him.

45“Who then will be the faithful, thoughtful slave whom his master put in charge of his household, to give the members of it their supplies at the proper time? 46Blessed is that slave if his master when he returns finds him doing it. 47I tell you, he will put him in charge of all his property. 48But if he is a bad slave and says to himself, ‘My master is going to stay a long time,’ 49and begins to beat the other slaves, and eats and drinks with drunkards, 50that slave’s master will come back some day when he does not expect him, and at some time of which he does not know 51and will cut him in two, and put him with the hypocrites, to weep and gnash his teeth.

Chapter 25

1“Then the Kingdom of Heaven will be like ten bridesmaids who took their lamps and went out to meet the bridegroom. 2Now five of them were foolish and five were sensible. 3For the foolish ones brought their lamps but brought no oil with them, 4but the sensible ones with their lamps brought oil in their flasks. 5As the bridegroom was slow in coming, they all grew drowsy and fell asleep. 6But in the middle of the night there was a shout ‘Here is the bridegroom! Come out and meet him!’ 7Then all the bridesmaids awoke, and trimmed their lamps. 8And the foolish ones said to the sensible ones, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ 9But the sensible ones answered, ‘There may not be enough for us and you. You had better go to the dealers and buy yourselves some.’ 10But while they were gone to buy it, the bridegroom arrived, and the ones that were ready went in with him to the wedding banquet, and the door was closed. 11Afterward the other bridesmaids came and said, ‘Sir! Sir! Open the door for us!’ 12But he answered, ‘I tell you, I do not know you!’ 13So you must be on the watch, for you do not know either the day or the hour.

14“For it is just like a man who was going on a journey, and called in his slaves, and put his property in their hands. 15He gave one five thousand dollars, and another two thousand, and another one thousand; to each according to his ability. Then he went away. 16The man who had received the five thousand dollars immediately went into business with the money, and made five thousand more. 17In the same way the man who had received the two thousand made two thousand more. 18But the man who had received the one thousand went away and dug a hole in the ground and hid his master’s money. 19Long afterward, their master came back and settled accounts with them. 20And the man who had received the five thousand dollars came up bringing him five thousand more, and said, ‘Sir, you put five thousand dollars in my hands; here I have made five thousand more.’ 21His master said to him, ‘Well done, my excellent, faithful slave! you have been faithful about a small amount; I will put a large one into your hands. Come, share your master’s enjoyment!’ 22And the man who had received the two thousand came up and said, ‘Sir, you put two thousand dollars into my hands; here I have made two thousand more.’ 23His master said to him, ‘Well done, my excellent, faithful slave! you have been faithful about a small amount; I will put a large one into your hands. Come! share your master’s enjoyment.’ 24And the man who had received the one thousand came up and said, ‘Sir, I knew you were a hard man, who reaped where you had not sown, and gathered where you had not threshed, 25and I was frightened, and I went and hid your thousand dollars in the ground. Here is your money!’ 26His master answered, ‘You wicked, idle slave! You knew that I reaped where I had not sown and gathered where I had not threshed? 27Then you ought to have put my money in the bank, and then when I came back I would have gotten my property with interest. 28So take the thousand dollars away from him, and give it to the man who has the ten thousand, 29for the man who has will have more given him, and will be plentifully supplied, and from the man who has nothing even what he has will be taken away. 30And put the good-for-nothing slave out into the darkness outside, to weep and grind his teeth there.’

31“When the Son of Man comes in his splendor, with all his angels with him, he will take his seat on his glorious throne, 32and all the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate them from one another, just as a shepherd separates his sheep from his goats, 33and he will put the sheep at his right hand and the goats at his left. 34Then the king will say to those at his right, ‘Come, you whom my Father has blessed, take possession of the kingdom which has been destined for you from the creation of the world. 35For when I was hungry, you gave me food, when I was thirsty you gave me something to drink, when I was a stranger, you invited me to your homes, 36when I had no clothes, you gave me clothes, when I was sick, you looked after me, when I was in prison, you came to see me.’ 37Then the upright will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and give you food, or thirsty, and give you something to drink? 38When did we see you a stranger, and invite you home, or without clothing, and supply you with it? 39When did we see you sick or in prison, and go to see you?’ 40The king will answer, ‘I tell you, in so far as you did it to one of the humblest of these brothers of mine, you did it to me.’ 41Then he will say to those at his left, ‘Begone, you accursed people, to the everlasting fire destined for the devil and his angels! 42For when I was hungry, you gave me nothing to eat, and when I was thirsty you gave me nothing to drink, 43when I was a stranger, you did not invite me home, when I had no clothes, you did not supply me, when I was sick and in prison, you did not look after me.’ 44Then they in their turn will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry, or thirsty, or a stranger, or in need of clothes, or sick, or in prison, and did not wait upon you?’ 45Then he will answer, ‘I tell you, in so far as you failed to do it for one of these people who are humblest, you failed to do it for me.’ 46Then they will go away to everlasting punishment, and the upright to everlasting life.”

Chapter 26

1When Jesus had finished this discourse he said to his disciples,

2“You know that in two days the Passover Festival will come, and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.”

3Then the high priests and the elders of the people gathered in the house of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, 4and plotted to arrest Jesus by stealth and put him to death. 5But they said,

“It must not be during the festival, or there may be a riot.”

6When Jesus got back to Bethany, to the house of Simon the leper, 7a woman came up to him with an alabaster flask of very expensive perfume and poured it upon his head, while he was at table. 8When his disciples saw it, they said indignantly,

“What was the use of wasting it like that? 9It might have been sold for a large sum, and the money given to the poor.”

10But Jesus observed this and said to them,

“Why do you bother the woman? It is a fine thing that she has done to me. 11For you always have the poor among you, but you will not always have me. 12In pouring this perfume on me she has done something to prepare me for burial. 13I tell you, wherever this good news is preached all over the world, what she has done will also be told, in memory of her.”

14Then one of the Twelve, named Judas Iscariot, went to the high priests, 15and said,

“What will you give me if I hand him over to you?”

And they counted him out thirty silver pieces. 16And from that time he watched for a good opportunity to hand him over to them.

17On the first day of the festival of Unleavened Bread, the disciples came to Jesus and said,

“Where do you wish us to make the preparations for you to eat the Passover supper?”

18And he said,

“Go into the city, to a certain man, and say to him, ‘The Master says, “My time is near. I am going to keep the Passover at your house with my disciples.*#“)”

19So the disciples did as Jesus directed them, and prepared the Passover supper.

20When evening came, he took his place at table with the twelve disciples. 21And as they were eating, he said,

“I tell you, one of you will betray me!”

22They were deeply hurt and began to say to him one after another,

“Can it be I, Master?”

23He answered,

“The man who just dipped his hand in the same dish with me is going to betray me. 24The Son of Man is to go away as the Scriptures say of him, but alas for the man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had never been born!”

25Judas, who betrayed him, said,

“Can it be I, Master?”

He said to him,

“You are right!”

26As they were eating Jesus took a loaf and blessed it, and he broke it in pieces and gave it to his disciples, saying,

“Take this and eat it. It is my body!”

27And he took the wine-cup and gave thanks and gave it to them, saying,

28“You must all drink from it, for this is my blood which ratifies the agreement, and is to be poured out for many people, for the forgiveness of their sins. 29And I tell you I will never drink this product of the vine again till the day when I shall drink the new wine with you in my Father’s kingdom!”

30After singing the hymn, they went out of the city and up the Mount of Olives.

31Then Jesus said to them,

“You will all desert me tonight, for the Scriptures say, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’ 32But after I am raised to life again, I will go back to Galilee before you.”

33Peter answered,

“If they all desert you, I will never do it!”

34Jesus said to him,

“I tell you, tonight, before a cock crows, you will disown me three times!”

35Peter said to him,

“Even if I have to die with you, I will never disown you!” All the disciples said so too.

36Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to the disciples,

“Sit down here while I go over yonder and pray.”

37And he took Peter and Zebedee’s two sons with him, and he began to show grief and distress of mind. 38Then he said to them,

“My heart is almost breaking. You must stay here and keep watch with me.”

39And he went on a little way, and threw himself on his face, and prayed, saying,

“My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass by me. Yet not as I please but as you do!”

40When he went back to the disciples he found them asleep. And he said to Peter,

“Then were you not able to watch with me for one hour? 41You must all watch, and pray that you may not be exposed to trial! One’s spirit is eager, but flesh and blood are weak!”

42He went away again a second time and prayed, saying,

“My Father, if it cannot pass by me without my drinking it, your will be done!”

43When he came back he found them asleep again, for they could hardly keep their eyes open. 44And he left them and went away again and prayed a third time, in the same words as before. 45Then he came back to the disciples and said to them,

“Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? See, the time has come for the Son of Man to be handed over to wicked men! 46Get up! Let us be going! Look! Here comes my betrayer!”

47Just as he was speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, came up, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the high priests and the elders of the people. 48Now the man who betrayed him gave them a signal, saying,

“The one I kiss is the man. Seize him!”

49And he went straight up to Jesus and said,

“Good evening, Master!” and kissed him affectionately.

50Jesus said to him,

“My friend, what are you here for?”

Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and secured him. 51One of the men with Jesus put out his hand and drew his sword, and striking at the high priest’s slave, cut his ear off. 52Then Jesus said to him,

“Put your sword back where it belongs! For all who draw the sword will die by the sword. 53Do you suppose I cannot appeal to my Father, and he would at once furnish me more than twelve legions of angels? 54But then how are the Scriptures to be fulfilled, which say that this must happen?”

55At that same time Jesus said to the crowd,

“Have you come out to arrest me with swords and clubs, as though I were a robber? Day after day I have sat in the Temple preaching, and you never seized me. 56But this has all taken place in fulfilment of the writings of the prophets.”

Then all the disciples left him and made their escape.

57The men who had seized Jesus took him away to Caiaphas, the high priest, at whose house the scribes and elders had gathered. 58And Peter followed him at a distance as far as the courtyard of the high priest’s house, and he went inside and sat down among the attendants to see how it came out. 59Now the high priests and the whole council were trying to get false testimony against Jesus, so that they might put him to death. 60And they could not, although many false witnesses presented themselves. But finally two came forward 61and said,

“This man said, ‘I can tear down the sanctuary of God, and build it up in three days.’ ”

62And the high priest got up and said to him,

“Have you no answer to make? What about their evidence against you?”

63But Jesus was silent. And the high priest said to him,

“I charge you, on your oath, by the living God, tell us whether you are the Christ, the son of God.”

64Jesus said to him,

“It is true. But I tell you you will soon see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Almighty and coming upon the clouds of the sky!”

65Then the high priest tore his clothing and said,

“He has uttered blasphemy! What do we want of witnesses now? Here you have heard his blasphemy! 66What is your decision?”

They answered,

“He deserves death.”

67Then they spat in his face and struck him, and others slapped him, 68saying,

“Show us you are a prophet, you Christ! Who was it that struck you?”

69Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard, and a maid came up to him, and said,

“You were with Jesus the Galilean, too!”

70But he denied it before them all, and said,

“I do not know what you mean.”

71And he went out into the gateway, and another maid saw him, and said to the men there,

“This fellow was with Jesus the Nazarene!”

72He denied it again, with an oath, and said,

“I do not know the man!”

73A little while after the bystanders came up to Peter and said,

“You are certainly one of them too, for your accent shows it!”

74Then he started to swear with the strongest oaths,

“I do not know the man!”

And at that moment a cock crowed.

75And Peter remembered Jesus’ words when he had said,

“Before a cock crows, you will disown me three times!” And he went outside and wept bitterly.

Chapter 27

1When it was morning, all the high priests and elders of the people held a consultation about Jesus, with a view to putting him to death. 2And they bound him and led him away and handed him over to Pilate the governor.

3Then Judas who had betrayed him, when he saw that he had been condemned, in his remorse brought back the thirty silver pieces to the high priests and elders, 4and said,

“I did wrong when I handed an innocent man over to death!”

They said,

“What is that to us? You see to it yourself.”

5And he threw down the silver and left the Temple and went off and hung himself. 6The high priests gathered up the money, and they said,

“It is not legal to put this into the Temple treasury, for it is blood money.”

7So after consultation they bought with it the Potter’s Field as a burial ground for strangers. 8For this reason that piece of ground has ever since been called the Field of Blood. 9So the words spoken by the prophet Jeremiah were fulfilled: “They took the thirty silver pieces, the price of the one whose price had been fixed, on whom some of the Israelites had set a price, 10and gave them for the Potter’s Field as the Lord directed me.”

11Now Jesus stood before the governor, and the governor asked him,

“Are you the king of the Jews?”

Jesus said,

“Yes.”

12And while the high priests and elders were making their charges against him, he made no answer. 13Then Pilate said to him,

“Do you not hear what evidence they are bringing against you?”

14And he made him no reply to even a single accusation, so that the governor was greatly surprised. 15Now at festival time the governor was accustomed to release for the people any prisoner whom they chose, 16and at this time there was a notorious prisoner named Barabbas. 17So when they gathered to ask this, Pilate said to them,

“Which one do you want me to release for you, Barabbas, or Jesus, the so-called Christ?”

18For he knew that they had handed him over to him out of envy. 19Now while he was on the bench his wife sent to him to say,

“Do not have anything to do with that upright man, for I have just had a painful experience in a dream about him.”

20But the high priests and the elders prevailed on the crowd to ask for Barabbas, and to have Jesus put to death. 21And the governor answered,

“Which of the two do you want me to release for you?”

They said,

“Barabbas!”

22Pilate said to them,

“Then what am I to do with Jesus, the so-called Christ?”

They all said,

“Have him crucified!”

23He said,

“Why, what has he done that is wrong?”

But they shouted all the louder,

“Have him crucified!”

24When Pilate saw that he was gaining nothing but that a riot was beginning instead, he took some water and washed his hands in the presence of the crowd, saying,

“I am not responsible for this man’s death; you must see to it yourselves.”

25And all the people answered,

“His blood be on us and on our children!”

26Then he released Barabbas for them, and he had Jesus flogged and handed him over to be crucified.

27Then the governor’s soldiers took Jesus into the barracks, and got the whole battalion together about him. 28And they stripped him and put a red cloak on him, 29and made a wreath of thorns and put it on his head, and they put a stick in his hand, and knelt down before him in mockery, saying,

“Long live the king of the Jews!”

30And they spat at him, and took the stick and struck him on the head. 31And when they had finished making sport of him, they took off the cloak, and put his own clothes on him, and led him away to be crucified.

32As they went out of the city they came upon a Cyrenian named Simon, and they forced him to carry Jesus’ cross. 33When they came to a place called Golgotha, which means the Place of the Skull, 34they offered him a drink of wine mixed with gall, and when he tasted it he would not drink it. 35And they crucified him and divided up his clothes among them by drawing lots, 36and sat down there to keep watch of him. 37They put above his head the charge against him, which read,

“This is Jesus, the king of the Jews.”

38There were two robbers crucified with him at the time, one at his right and one at his left. 39And the passers-by jeered at him, shaking their heads 40and saying,

“You who would tear down the sanctuary, and build one in three days, save yourself! If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross!”

41And the high priests, too, made sport of him with the scribes and elders, and said,

42“He saved others, but he cannot save himself! He is King of Israel; let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him. 43He trusts in God; let God deliver him if he cares for him, for he said he was God’s son.”

44Even the robbers who were crucified with him abused him in the same way.

45Now from noon there was darkness over the whole country until three o’clock. 46And about three, Jesus called out loudly,

“Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God! My God! Why have you forsaken me?”

47Some of the bystanders when they heard it said,

“The man is calling for Elijah!”

48And one of them ran off at once and got a sponge and soaked it in sour wine and put it on the end of a stick and held it up to him to drink. 49But the others said,

“Let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.”

50But Jesus cried out again loudly, and gave up his spirit. 51And at once the curtain of the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook, the rocks split, 52the tombs opened, and many of the saints who had fallen asleep rose 53and left their tombs and after his resurrection went into the holy city and showed themselves to many people. 54And the captain and the men with him who were watching Jesus, when they saw the earthquake and all that was happening, were dreadfully frightened and said,

“He surely must have been a son of God!”

55There were several women there watching from a distance who had followed Jesus from Galilee to wait upon him, 56among them Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of Zebedee’s sons.

57In the evening a rich man named Joseph, from Arimathea, who had himself been a disciple of Jesus, came. 58He went to Pilate and asked him for Jesus’ body. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. 59And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a piece of clean linen, 60and laid it in a new tomb that belonged to him, that he had cut in the rock, and he rolled a great stone over the doorway of the tomb, and went away. 61And Mary of Magdala and the other Mary remained there, sitting before the tomb.

62On the next day, that is, the day after the Preparation Day, the high priests and Pharisees went in a body to Pilate 63and said,

“Sir, we remember that when this impostor was alive he said, ‘After three days I will rise again!’ 64Give orders, therefore, to have the tomb closely guarded till the third day, so that his disciples cannot come and steal him, and then tell the people that he is risen from the dead, and that delusion be worse than the other was.”

65Pilate said to them,

“Take a guard of soldiers, and go and make it as secure as you can.”

66And they went and set the guard and put a seal on the stone.

Chapter 28

1After the Sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning, Mary of Magdala and the other Mary went to look at the tomb. 2And there was a great earthquake. For an angel of the Lord came down from heaven and went and rolled the stone back and sat upon it. 3His appearance was like lightning and his clothing was as white as snow. 4The men on guard trembled with fear of him, and became like dead men. 5And the angel said to the women,

“You need not be afraid. I know that you are looking for Jesus who was crucified. 6He is not here, he has risen, as he said he would do. Come and see the place where he was lying. 7Now go quickly and tell his disciples, ‘He has risen from the dead, and is going back to Galilee before you. You will see him there.’ Now I have given you my message.”

8And they hurried away from the tomb frightened and yet overjoyed, and ran to tell the news to his disciples. 9And Jesus himself met them, and said,

“Good morning!”

And they went up to him and clasped his feet, and bowed to the ground before him. 10Jesus said to them,

“You need not be afraid. Go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee and they will see me there.”

11While they were on their way, some of the guard went into the city and reported to the high priests all that had happened. 12And they got together and consulted with the elders, and gave the soldiers a large sum of money, 13and said to them,

“Tell people that his disciples came in the night and stole him away while you were asleep. 14And if news of it reaches the governor, we will satisfy him, and see that you do not get into trouble.”

15So they took the money and did as they were told. And this story has been current among the Jews ever since.

16And the eleven disciples went to Galilee to the mountain to which Jesus had directed them. 17There they saw him and bowed down before him, though some were in doubt about it.

18And Jesus came up to them and said, “Full authority in heaven and on the earth has been given to me.

19Therefore go and make disciples of all the heathen, baptize them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the holy Spirit, 20and teach them to observe all the commands that I have given you. I will always be with you, to the very close of the age.”

The Gospel According to Mark

Chapter 1

1The beginning of the good news of Jesus Christ.

2As it is written in the prophet Isaiah,

“Here I send my messenger on before you;

He will prepare your way;

3Hark! Someone is shouting in the desert,

‘Get the Lord’s way ready,

Make his paths straight,’ ”

4John the baptizer appeared in the desert, and preached repentance and baptism in order to obtain the forgiveness of sins. 5And all Judea and everybody in Jerusalem went out to him there, and accepted baptism from him in the Jordan River, acknowledging their sins. 6John’s clothing was made of hair cloth, and the belt around his waist was leather, and he lived on dried locusts and wild honey. 7And this was his message:

“After me there is coming one stronger than I am, one whose shoes I am not fit to stoop down and untie. 8I have baptized you in water, but he will baptize you in the holy Spirit.”

9It was in those days that Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee, and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 10And just as he was coming up out of the water he saw the heavens torn open and the Spirit coming down like a dove to enter into him, 11and out of the heavens came a voice:

“You are my Son, my Beloved! You are my Chosen!”

12The spirit immediately drove him out into the desert. 13And he remained in the desert for forty days, and Satan tried to tempt him there; and he was among the wild animals; but the angels waited on him.

14After John was arrested, Jesus went into Galilee proclaiming the good news from God, 15saying,

“The time has come and the reign of God is near; repent, and believe this good news.”

16As he was passing along the shore of the Sea of Galilee, he saw Simon and his brother Andrew casting their nets in the sea, for they were fishermen. 17Jesus said to them,

“Come, follow me, and I will make you fish for men.”

18They immediately abandoned their nets and followed him. 19He went on a little farther and saw James, the son of Zebedee, and his brother John; they too were in their boat putting their nets in order. 20He immediately called them. And they left their father Zebedee in the boat with the hired men and went off after him.

21They proceeded to Capernaum, and on the very first Sabbath he went to the synagogue and taught. 22And they were amazed at his teaching, for he taught them like one who had authority, and not like the scribes. 23Just then there was in their synagogue a man under the control of a foul spirit, and he cried out,

24“What do you want of us, Jesus, you Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are, you are God’s holy One!”

25Jesus reproved him, and said,

“Silence! Get out of him!”

26The foul spirit convulsed the man and gave a loud cry and went out of him. 27And they were all so amazed that they discussed it with one another, and said,

“What does this mean? It is a new teaching! He gives orders with authority even to the foul spirits, and they obey him!”

28And his fame immediately spread in all directions through the whole neighborhood of Galilee.

29As soon as they left the synagogue, they went with James and John to the house of Simon and Andrew.

30Simon’s mother-in-law was in bed, sick with a fever, and they immediately told him about her. 31And he went up to her, and grasping her hand, he made her rise. And the fever left her, and she waited on them.

32In the evening, after sunset, they brought to him all who were sick or possessed by demons, 33and the whole town was gathered at the door. 34And he cured many who were sick with various diseases, and drove out many demons, and he would not let the demons speak, because they knew that he was Christ.

35Early in the morning, long before daylight, he got up and left the house and went off to a lonely spot, and prayed there. 36And Simon and his companions sought him out 37and found him, and said to him,

“They are all looking for you!”

38He said to them,

“Let us go somewhere else, to the neighboring country towns, so that I may preach in them, too, for that is why I came out here.”

39So he went all through Galilee, preaching in their synagogues and driving out the demons.

40There came to him a leper appealing to him on his knees, saying to him,

“If you only choose, you can cure me.”

41And he pitied him and stretched out his hand and touched him, and said to him,

“I do choose! Be cured!”

42And the leprosy immediately left him, and he was cured. 43And Jesus immediately drove him away with stern injunctions, 44saying to him,

“See that you say nothing about this to anybody, but begone! show yourself to the priest, and in proof of your cure make the offerings for your purification which Moses prescribed.”

45But he went off and began to talk so much about it, and to spread the story so widely, that Jesus could no longer go into a town openly, but stayed out in unfrequented places, and people came to him from every direction.

Chapter 2

1Some days later he came back to Capernaum, and people heard that he was at home, 2and such a crowd gathered that after a while there was no room even around the door, and he was telling them his message. 3And some people came bringing to him a man who was paralyzed, four of them carrying him. 4As they could not get him near Jesus on account of the crowd, they broke open the roof just over his head, and through the opening they lowered the mat with the paralytic lying on it. 5When Jesus saw their faith, he said to the paralytic,

“My son, your sins are forgiven.”

6There were some scribes sitting there pondering and saying to themselves,

7“Why does this man talk so? This is blasphemy. Who can forgive sins but God alone?”

8Jesus, at once perceiving by his spirit that they were pondering over this, said to them,

“Why do you ponder over this in your minds? 9Which is easier, to say to this paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say to him, “Get up and pick up your mat and walk’? 10But to let you know that the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins on earth,” turning to the paralytic he said, 11“I tell you, get up, pick up your mat, and go home!”

12And he got up, and immediately picked up his mat and went out before them all, so that they were all astonished and acknowledged the power of God, saying,

“We never saw anything like this before.”

13He went out of the town again and along the shore, and all the people came to him and he taught them.

14And as he was passing along he saw Levi, the son of Alpheus, sitting at the tollhouse, and he said to him,

“Follow me.”

And he got up and followed him.

15He was at table in his house, with many tax-collectors and irreligious people who were at table with him and his disciples, for there were many of them among his followers. 16And when the scribes who were of the Pharisees’ party saw that he was eating with irreligious people and tax-collectors, they said to his disciples,

“Why does he eat with tax-collectors and irreligious people?”

17Jesus heard it, and said to them,

“It is not well people but the sick who have to have the doctor. I did not come to invite the pious but the irreligious.”

18Now John’s disciples and the Pharisees were keeping a fast. And people came and asked him,

“Why is it that when John’s disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees are keeping the fast, yours are not keeping it?”

19Jesus said to them,

“Can wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them they cannot fast. 20But a time will come when the bridegroom will be taken from them, and when that day comes, they will fast. 21No one sews a patch of unshrunken cloth on an old coat; or if he does, the patch tears away, the new from the old, and makes the hole worse than ever. 22And no one pours new wine into old wine-skins; or if he does, the wine bursts the skins, and the wine is lost, and the skins too. New wine has to be put into fresh skins.”

23He happened to be passing through the wheat fields on the Sabbath, and his disciples began to pick the heads of wheat as they made their way through. 24And the Pharisees said to him,

“Look! Why are they doing what it is against the law to do on the Sabbath?”

25He said to them,

“Did you never read what David did, when he was in need and hungry, he and his men? 26How is it that he went into the house of God when Abiathar was high priest, and ate the Presentation Loaves, which it is against the law for anyone but the priests to eat, and gave some to his companions too?”

27And he said to them,

“The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath, 28and so the Son of Man is master even of the Sabbath.”

Chapter 3

1He went again to a synagogue, and there was a man there with one hand withered. 2And they were watching him closely, to see whether he would cure him on the Sabbath, in order to get a charge to bring against him. 3He said to the man with the withered hand,

“Get up and come forward.”

4And he said to them,

“Is it allowable to do people good on the Sabbath, or to do them harm? To save life or kill?” But they made no answer. 5And he looked around at them with anger, hurt by their obstinacy, and he said to the man,

“Hold out your hand!”

And he held it out, and his hand was cured. 6Then the Pharisees left the synagogue and immediately consulted with the Herodians about Jesus, with a view to putting him to death.

7So Jesus retired with his disciples to the seashore, and a great many people from Galilee followed him, and from Judea 8and Jerusalem and Idumea and from the other side of the Jordan and from the neighborhood of Tyre and Sidon a great many who had heard of the things he was doing came to him. 9He told his disciples to have a boat always ready for his use, to prevent his being crushed by the crowd. 10For he cured so many people that all who had any ailments pressed up to him to touch him. 11And whenever the foul spirits saw him, they fell down before him and screamed out,

“You are the Son of God!” 12And he warned them repeatedly not to tell who he was.

13And he went up the hillside and summoned to him those whom he wanted, and they went to him. 14He appointed twelve of them, whom he called apostles, to be with him and to be sent out to preach, 15with power to drive out the demons. These were the twelve he appointed: 16Peter, which was the name he gave to Simon, 17James the son of Zebedee, and John, James’s brother (he named them Boanerges, that is, Sons of Thunder), 18Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James the son of Alpheus, Thaddeus, Simon the Zealot, 19and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.

Then he went home. 20And again the crowd gathered in such numbers that there was no chance for them even to have their meals. 21His relatives heard of it and came over to stop him, for they said that he was out of his mind. 22And the scribes who had come down from Jerusalem said that he was possessed by Beelzebub and drove out demons by the help of the prince of demons. 23So he called them to him and spoke to them in figures, saying,

“How can Satan drive Satan out? 24If a kingdom is disunited, that kingdom cannot last. 25And if a household is disunited, that household cannot last. 26And if Satan has rebelled against himself and become disunited, he cannot last but is coming to his end. 27But no one can go into a strong man’s house and carry off his property unless he first binds the strong man; after that he can plunder his house. 28I tell you, men will be forgiven for everything, for all their sins and all the abusive things they say. 29But whoever reviles the holy Spirit can never be forgiven, but is guilty of an unending sin.”

30This was because they said, “He is possessed by a foul spirit.”

31And his mother and his brothers came. And they stood outside the house and sent word in to him to come outside to them. 32There was a crowd sitting around him when they told him,

“Your mother and your brothers are outside asking for you.”

33He answered,

“Who are my mother and my brothers?”

34And looking around at the people sitting about him, he said,

“Here are my mother and my brothers! 35Whoever does the will of God is my brother and sister and mother.”

Chapter 4

1Then he began again to teach by the seashore. And a crowd gathered around him so great that he got into a boat and sat in it, a little way from the shore, while all the people were on the land close to the water. 2He taught them many lessons in figures, and said to them in the course of his teaching,

3“Listen: A sower went out to sow, 4and as he was sowing, some of the seed chanced to fall by the path, and the birds came and ate it up. 5Some of it fell on rocky ground, and where there was not much soil, and it sprang up at once because the soil was not deep, 6but when the sun came up, it was scorched, and withered up, because it had no root. 7Some of the seed fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up and choked it out, and it yielded no grain. 8And some fell on good soil, and came up and grew and yielded thirty, sixty, even a hundredfold.”

9And he said,

“Let him who has ears be sure to listen!”

10When he was by himself, those who stayed about him with the Twelve asked him about the figures he had used. 11And he said to them,

“To you has been intrusted the secret of the reign of God, but to those outsiders, everything is offered in figures, 12so that

“ ‘They may look and look and yet not see,

And listen and listen and yet not understand,

Lest possibly they should turn and be forgiven.’ ”,

13And Jesus said,

“If you do not understand this figure, then how will you understand my other figures? 14What the sower sows is the message. 15The ones by the path are those into whose hearts the message falls, and as soon as they hear it Satan comes and carries off the message that has been sown in their hearts. 16It is so too with the ones sown on the rocky ground; they gladly accept the message as soon as they hear it, 17but it takes no real root in them and they last only a little while; then when trouble or persecution comes because of the message they give it up at once. 18It is different with those sown among the thorns. They are people who listen to the message, 19but the worries of the time and the pleasure of being rich and passions for other things creep in and choke the message out and it yields nothing. 20And the ones sown in good ground are the people who listen to the message and welcome it and yield thirty, sixty, even a hundredfold.

21“Do people get out the lamp,” he said to them, “and then put it under the peck-measure, or under the bed, instead of putting it up where it belongs? 22For no one hides anything except for the purpose of sometime bringing it to light again, and people keep things secret only to reveal them some day. 23If anyone has ears let him be sure to listen.

24“Take care what you hear,” he said to them. “The measure you give will be given to you, and even more besides. 25For people who have will have more given them, and from people who have nothing, even what they have will be taken away.

26“The reign of God,” he said, “is like a man scattering seed on the ground, 27and then sleeping at night and getting up by day, while the seed sprouts and comes up, without his knowing it. 28The ground of itself is productive, putting forth first a blade, then a head, then fully developed wheat in the head. 29But as soon as the crop will let him, the man goes in with his sickle, for the harvest time has come.

30“How can we find any comparison,” he said, “for the reign of God, or what figure can we use to describe it? 31It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown in the ground, though it is the smallest of all the seeds in the world, 32yet once sown, comes up and grows to be the largest of all the plants, and produces branches so large that the wild birds can roost under the shelter of it.”

33With many such figures he told them the message, as far as they were able to receive it. 34He said nothing to them except in figures, but in private he explained everything to his own disciples.

35That same day when it was evening he said to them,

“Let us cross to the other side.”

36So they left the crowd and took him away in the boat in which he was sitting. There were other boats with him. 37And a heavy squall of wind came on and the waves dashed into the boat, so that it was beginning to fill. 38He was in the stern, asleep on the cushion. And they woke him up and said to him,

“Master, does it make no difference to you that we are sinking?”

39Then he awoke and reproved the wind, and said to the sea,

“Hush! Silence!”

And the wind went down and there was a great calm. 40And he said to them,

“Why are you afraid? Have you still no faith?”

41And they were very much frightened, and said to one another,

“Who can he be? For even the wind and the sea obey him.”

Chapter 5

1So they reached the other side of the sea, and landed in the region of Gerasa. 2As soon as he got out of the boat, a man possessed by a foul spirit came out of the burial places near by to meet him. 3This man lived among the tombs, and no one could any longer secure him even with a chain, 4for he had often been fastened with fetters and chains and had snapped the chains and broken the fetters; and there was no one strong enough to master him, 5and night and day he was always shrieking among the tombs and on the hills and cutting himself with stones. 6And catching sight of Jesus in the distance he ran up and made obeisance to him 7and screamed out,

“What do you want of me, Jesus, son of the Most High God? In God’s name, I implore you, do not torture me.” 8For he was saying to him,

“You foul spirit, come out of this man.”

9He asked him,

“What is your name?”

He said,

“My name is Legion, for there are many of us.”

10And they begged him earnestly not to send them out of that country.

11Now there was a great drove of pigs feeding there on the hillside. 12And they implored him,

“Send us among the pigs, let us go into them.”

13So he gave them permission. And the foul spirits came out and went into the pigs, and the drove of about two thousand rushed over the steep bank into the sea, and were drowned. 14And the men who tended them ran away and spread the news in the town and in the country around, and the people came to see what had happened. 15When they came to Jesus and found the demoniac sitting quietly with his clothes on and in his right mind—the same man who had been possessed by Legion—they were frightened. 16And those who had seen it told them what had happened to the demoniac, and all about the pigs. 17And they began to beg him to leave their district. 18As he was getting into the boat, the man who had been possessed begged to be allowed to go with him. 19And he would not permit it, but said to him,

“Go home to your own people, and tell them all the Lord has done for you and how he took pity on you.” 20And he went off and began to tell everybody in the Ten Towns all Jesus had done for him; and they were all astonished.

21When Jesus had crossed again in the boat to the other side, a great crowd gathered about him as he stood on the shore. 22And a man named Jairus, the leader of a synagogue, came up and seeing him threw himself at his feet, 23and appealed to him, saying,

“My little daughter is at the point of death. Come, lay your hands on her, so that she may get well and live!”

24So he went with him. And a great crowd followed him and pressed around him. 25And a woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years, 26and had had a great deal of treatment from various doctors and had spent all that she had and had not been benefited at all but had actually grown worse, 27had heard about Jesus. And she came up in the crowd behind him and touched his coat, 28for she said,

“If I can only touch his clothes, I shall get well.”

29The hemorrhage stopped at once, and she felt in her body that she was cured. 30Jesus instantly perceived that healing power had passed from him, and he turned around in the crowd and said,

“Who touched my clothes?”

31His disciples said to him,

“You see the crowd pressing around you, and yet you ask, ‘Who touched me?’ ”

32But he still looked around to see the person who had done it. 33The woman, knowing what had happened to her, came forward frightened and trembling, and threw herself down at his feet and told him the whole truth. 34And he said to her,

“My daughter, it is your faith that has cured you. Go in peace and be free from your disease.”

35Even as he spoke people came from the house of the leader of the synagogue and said,

“Your daughter is dead. Why should you trouble the Master any further?”

36But Jesus paid no attention to what they said, but said to the leader of the synagogue,

“Do not be afraid, just have faith.”

37He let no one go with him but Peter, James, and James’s brother John. 38They came to the house of the leader of the synagogue, and there he found everything in confusion, and people weeping and wailing. 39And he went into the house and said to them,

“What is the meaning of all this confusion and crying? The child is not dead, she is asleep.” 40And they laughed at him. But he drove them all out, and took the child’s father and mother and the men who were with him and went into the room where the child was lying. 41And he grasped her hand and said to her,

“Taleitha, koum!”—that is to say, “Little girl, I tell you, get up!”

42And the little girl immediately got up and walked about, for she was twelve years old. The moment they saw it they were utterly amazed. 43And he strictly forbade them to let anyone know of it, and told them to give her something to eat.

Chapter 6

1Leaving there he went, followed by his disciples, to his own part of the country. 2When the Sabbath came he began to teach in the synagogue. And the people were astonished when they heard him, and said,

“Where did he get all this? How does he come to have such wisdom? How are such marvelous things done through him? 3Is he not the carpenter, Mary’s son, and the brother of James, Joses, Judas, and Simon? And do not his sisters live here among us?”

4And they took offense at him. Jesus said to them,

“A prophet is treated with honor everywhere except in his native place and among his relatives and at his home.”

5He could not do any wonder there, except that he put his hands on a few sick people and cured them. 6And he wondered at their want of faith.

Then he went around among the villages teaching. 7And he called the Twelve to him and sent them off two by two, giving them power over the foul spirits. 8He forbade them to take anything for the journey except a staff—no bread, no bag, no small change even in their girdles; 9they were to go in sandals, and not to wear two shirts. 10And he said to them,

“Whenever you go to stay at a house, remain in it till you leave that place. 11If any place refuses to receive you or to listen to you, when you leave it shake off the very dust from the soles of your feet as a warning to them.”

12So they went out and preached that men should repent, 13and drove out many demons, and cured many sick people by anointing them with oil.

14King Herod heard of him, for his name was now well known, and people were saying that John the baptizer had risen from the dead, and that that was why he was endowed with these extraordinary powers. 15But others said he was Elijah, and still others that he was a prophet of the old prophetic kind. 16But when Herod heard of him he said,

“John, whom I beheaded, has risen from the dead.”

17For it was Herod who had sent and seized John and bound him and put him in prison, on account of Herodias, his brother Philip’s wife, because Herod had married her. 18John said to Herod,

“It is not right for you to be living with your brother’s wife.”

19Herodias felt bitterly toward him and wanted him killed. But she could not bring it about, 20for Herod stood in awe of John, knowing that he was an upright and holy man, and he protected him. And when he heard him talk he was very much disturbed, and yet he liked to hear him. 21When a holiday came and Herod on his birthday gave a banquet to his courtiers and officers and to the leading men of Galilee, 22Herodias’ own daughter came in and danced for them. And Herod and his guests were delighted, and the king said to the girl,

23“Ask me for anything you like and I will give it to you.” And he made oath to her,

“I will give you whatever you ask me for, up to half my kingdom.”

24When she had left the room she said to her mother,

“What shall I ask him for?”

But she said,

“The head of John the baptizer.”

25And she hurried back at once to the king and asked him for it, saying,

“I want you right away to give me John the Baptist’s head on a platter.”

26The king was exceedingly sorry, but on account of his oath and his guests he did not like to break his word to her, 27and he immediately sent one of his guard with orders to get John’s head. 28And he went off and beheaded him in the prison and brought back his head on a platter and gave it to the girl, and the girl gave it to her mother. 29When his disciples heard of it they came and took his body away and put it in a tomb.

30The apostles rejoined Jesus and reported to him all they had done and taught. 31And he said to them,

“Come away by yourselves to some quiet place, and rest a little while.”

For people were coming and going in large numbers, and they had no time even for meals. 32So they set off by themselves in their boat for a secluded place. 33And many people saw them start and knew of it, and hurried around by land from all the neighboring towns, and got ahead of them. 34So when he got out of the boat, he found a great crowd gathered, and his heart was touched at the sight of them, because they were like sheep that have no shepherd; and he proceeded to teach them a great deal. 35When it grew late his disciples came up to him and said,

“This is a lonely place and it is getting late. 36Send the people off to the farms and villages around to buy themselves something to eat.”

37But he answered,

“Give them food yourselves.”

They said to him,

“Can we go and buy forty dollars’ worth of bread and give it to them to eat?”

38But he said to them,

“How many loaves have you? Go and see.”

They looked, and told him.

“Five, and two fish.”

39And he directed them all to sit down in parties on the fresh grass. 40And they threw themselves down in groups, in hundreds and in fifties. 41Then he took the five loaves and the two fish and looked up to heaven and blessed the loaves and broke them in pieces and gave them to the disciples to pass to the people; and he divided the two fish among them all. 42And they all ate and had enough. 43And the pieces they gathered up filled twelve baskets, besides the pieces of the fish. 44There were five thousand men who ate the loaves.

45He immediately had his disciples get into the boat and cross before him to the other side toward Bethsaida, while he was dismissing the crowd. 46When he had taken leave of the people he went up the hill to pray. 47When evening came on, the boat was in the middle of the sea, and he was alone on shore. 48And he saw that they were straining at the oars, for the wind was against them, and toward morning he went out to them, walking on the sea, and was going to join them. 49They saw him walking on the sea, and thought it was a ghost and screamed aloud, 50for they all saw him and were terrified. But he immediately spoke to them and said,

“Take courage, it is I. Do not be afraid.”

51Then he went up to them and got into the boat. And the wind fell. And they were perfectly beside themselves, 52for they had not understood about the loaves, but their minds were blinded.

53They crossed over to the other side and came to Gennesaret and moored the boat. 54As soon as they came ashore, the people recognized Jesus, 55and they hurried all over the countryside and began to bring the sick to him on their mats, wherever they heard he was. 56And whatever village or town or farm he went to, they would lay their sick in the market-place and beg him to let them touch just the tassel of his cloak, and all who touched it were cured.

Chapter 7

1The Pharisees gathered about him with some scribes who had come from Jerusalem. 2They had noticed that some of his disciples ate their food without first giving their hands a ceremonial washing to purify them. 3For the Pharisees and all the Jews observe the rules handed down from their ancestors, and will not eat until they have washed their hands in a particular way, 4and they will not eat anything from the market without first purifying it by sprinkling it, and they have a number of other observances which have come down to them, in the way of washing cups, pitchers, and basins. 5And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him,

“Why do your disciples not observe the rules handed down by our ancestors, but eat food without purifying their hands?”

6But he said to them,

“It was about you hypocrites that Isaiah prophesied so finely, in the words,

“ ‘This people honor me with their lips,

Yet their hearts are far away from me.

7But their worship of me is all in vain,

For the lessons they teach are but human precepts.’

8“You give up what God has commanded and hold fast to what men have handed down.

9“How skilful you are,” he said to them, “in nullifying what God has commanded in order to observe what has been handed down to you. 10For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother,’ and again, ‘Whoever abuses his father or mother must be put to death.’ 11But you say, ‘If a man says to his father or mother, “Anything of mine that might have been of use to you is Korban,*#“) that is, consecrated to God, 12you let him off from doing anything more for his father or mother, 13and so you nullify what God has said by what you have handed down. You have many such practices.”

14He called the people to him again and said to them,

“Listen to me, all of you, and understand this. 15Nothing that goes into a man from outside can pollute him. It is what comes out of a man that pollutes him.”

17When he had left the crowd and gone home, his disciples asked him what he meant by this figure. 18And he said to them,

“Have not even you any understanding then? Do you not see that nothing that goes into a man from outside can pollute him, 19since it does not go into his heart but into his stomach and then is disposed of?” So he declared all food clean. 20He went on to say,

“It is what comes out of a man that pollutes him. 21For it is from inside, from men’s hearts, that designs of evil come; immorality, stealing, murder, adultery, 22greed, malice, deceit, indecency, envy, abusiveness, arrogance, folly— 23all these evils come from inside, and they pollute a man.”

24He left that place and went to the neighborhood of Tyre and Sidon. And he went into a certain house, and wanted no one to know of it. And he could not keep it secret, 25but a woman whose little daughter was possessed by a foul spirit immediately heard about him and came and threw herself at his feet. 26Now the woman was a Greek, of Syrophoenician birth. And she begged him to drive the demon out of her daughter. 27He said to her,

“Let the children first eat all they want, for it is not right to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.”

28But she answered,

“True, sir! and still the dogs under the table eat what the children leave!” 29He said to her,

“If you can say that, go home; the demon has left your daughter.”

30And she went home and found the child lying on the bed, and the demon gone.

31He left the neighborhood of Tyre again and went by way of Sidon to the Sea of Galilee, crossing the district of the Ten Towns. 32And they brought to him a man who was deaf and hardly able to speak, and they begged him to lay his hand on him. 33He took him off by himself away from the crowd, and put his fingers in the man’s ears, and touched his tongue with saliva. 34And he looked up to heaven and sighed, and said to him,

“Ephphatha!”—which means “Open.”

35And his ears were opened and his tongue was released and he talked plainly. 36And Jesus forbade them to tell anyone about it, but the more he forbade them the more they spread the news far and wide. 37And people were utterly amazed, and said,

“How well he has done everything! He even makes the deaf hear and the dumb speak!”

Chapter 8

1In those days when a great crowd had gathered again and they had nothing to eat, he called his disciples to him and said to them,

2“I pity these people, for they have been staying with me three days now, and they have nothing left to eat. 3And if I send them home hungry they will give out on the way, for some of them come from a distance.”

4His disciples replied,

“Where can anyone get bread enough, here in this solitude, to satisfy these people’s hunger?”

5“How many loaves have you?” he asked.

“Seven,” they said.

6Then he ordered the people to take their places on the ground. And he took the seven loaves and gave thanks and broke them in pieces and gave them to his disciples to pass, and they passed them to the people. 7They had a few small fish, and he blessed them and told the disciples to pass them also to the people. 8And they ate and satisfied their hunger. And the pieces that they left, that were picked up, filled seven baskets. 9There were about four thousand of the people. And he dismissed them. 10Then he immediately got into the boat with his disciples and went to the district of Dalmanutha.

11The Pharisees came out and began a discussion with him, testing him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven. 12And he sighed deeply and said,

“Why do the men of this day ask for a sign? I tell you, no sign will be given them.”

13And he left them and got into the boat again and crossed to the other side.

14Now they had forgotten to bring any bread, and they had only one loaf with them in the boat. 15And he warned them, saying,

“Look out! Be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and the yeast of Herod!”

16They were discussing with one another their being without bread. 17And he noticed it and said to them,

“Why do you discuss your being without bread? Do you not yet see nor understand? Are your minds so dull? 18When you have eyes can you not see, and when you have ears can you not hear? Do you not remember 19how many baskets of pieces you picked up when I broke the five loaves in pieces for those five thousand men?”

They said to him,

“Twelve.”

20“When I broke the seven loaves in pieces for the four thousand, how many baskets of pieces did you pick up?”

They said to him,

“Seven.”

21He said to them,

“Do you not understand yet?”

22And they came to Bethsaida. And people brought a blind man to him and begged him to touch him. 23He took him by the hand and led him outside of the village, and spitting in his eyes he laid his hands on him and asked him,

“Do you see anything?”

24He looked up and said,

“I can see people, for they look to me like trees, only they are moving about.”

25Then he laid his hands on his eyes again, and he looked steadily and was cured, and saw everything plainly. 26And he sent him home and said to him,

“Do not even go into the village.”

27Then Jesus and his disciples went away to the villages around Caesarea Philippi. On the way he questioned his disciples and said to them,

“Who do people say that I am?”

28They said to him,

“John the Baptist; others say Elijah, and others that you are one of the prophets.”

29And he asked them,

“But who do you say that I am?”

Peter answered and said to him,

“You are the Christ.”

30And he warned them not to say this about him to anyone.

31Then he explained to them for the first time that the Son of Man must go through much suffering, and be refused by the elders and the high priests and the scribes, and be killed, and rise again three days after. 32He told them this plainly. And Peter took him aside, and began to reprove him for it. 33But turning and seeing his disciples he reproved Peter, and said,

“Get out of my sight, you Satan! for you do not side with God, but with men.”

34And he called the people and his disciples to him and said to them,

“If anyone wants to go with me, he must disregard himself, and take his cross and follow me. 35For whoever wants to preserve his own life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for me and for the good news will preserve it. 36For what good does it do a man to gain the whole world and yet part with his life? 37For what can a man give to buy back his life? 38For if anyone is ashamed of me and my teachings in this unfaithful and sinful age, then the Son of Man will be ashamed of him, when he comes back in his Father’s glory, with the holy angels.”

Chapter 9

1And he said to them, “I tell you, some of you who stand here will certainly live to see the reign of God come in its might.”

2Six days after this Jesus took Peter, James, and John with him, and led them up on a high mountain, off by themselves. And his appearance underwent a change in their presence, 3and his clothes shone whiter than any earthly bleaching could make them. 4And Elijah appeared to them, accompanied by Moses, and they talked with Jesus. 5Then Peter spoke, and said to Jesus,

“Master, how good it is that we are here! Let us put up three huts, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah.” 6For he did not know what to say, they were so frightened. 7And a cloud came and overshadowed them, and from the cloud came a voice,

“This is my Son, my Beloved. Listen to him,”

8And suddenly, on looking around, they saw that there was now no one with them but Jesus alone. 9As they were going down the mountain, he cautioned them to let no one know what they had seen, until the Son of Man should rise from the dead. 10And they did not forget what he said, but discussed with one another what he meant by the rising from the dead. 11And they asked him,

“Why do the scribes say that Elijah has to come first?”

12He said to them,

“Elijah does come first, and reforms everything, and does not the Scripture say of the Son of Man that he will suffer much and be refused? 13Why, I tell you, not only has Elijah come, but people have treated him just as they pleased, as the Scripture says about him.”

14When they came to the disciples, they saw a great crowd around them, and some scribes arguing with them. 15And all the people were amazed when they saw him, and they ran up to him and greeted him. 16And he asked them,

“What are you discussing with them?”

17One of the crowd answered,

“Master, I brought my son to you, for he is possessed by a dumb spirit, 18and wherever it seizes him it convulses him, and he foams at the mouth and grinds his teeth; and he is wasting away. I told your disciples to drive it out, and they could not do it.”

19He answered them and said,

“O you unbelieving people, how long must I be with you? How long must I put up with you? Bring him here to me!”

20And they brought the boy to him. As soon as the spirit saw him, it convulsed the boy, and he fell down on the ground and rolled about, foaming at the mouth. 21Jesus asked the boy’s father,

“How long has he been like this?”

And he said,

22“From his childhood, and many a time it has thrown him into the fire or into the water, to put an end to him. But if there is anything you can do, take pity on us and help us!”

23Jesus said to him,

“ ‘If there is anything I can do!’ Everything is possible for one who has faith!”

24The boy’s father immediately cried out,

“I have faith! Help my want of faith!”

25Then Jesus, seeing that a crowd was rapidly gathering, reproved the foul spirit and said to it,

“You deaf and dumb spirit, get out of him, I charge you, and never enter him again!”

26And it gave a cry and convulsed him terribly, and went out of him.

And the boy was like a corpse, so that most of them said that he was dead. 27But Jesus grasped his hand and made him rise, and he stood up. 28When he had gone home, and his disciples were alone with him, they asked him,

“Why could not we drive it out?”

29He said to them,

“This kind of thing can be driven out only by prayer.”

30And they left that place and made their way through Galilee, and he did not wish anyone to know it; 31for he was teaching his disciples, saying to them,

“The Son of Man is to be handed over to men, and they will kill him, and three days after he is killed he will rise again.”

32But they did not understand what he meant, and they were afraid to ask him about it.

33And they reached Capernaum. When he reached home, he asked them,

“What was it that you were discussing on the way?”

34But they made no answer, for on the way they had been discussing with one another which of them was the greatest. 35And he sat down and called the Twelve in, and said to them,

“If anyone wishes to be first, he must be the last of all and the servant of all.”

36And he took a child and made him stand among them, and he put his arms around him, and said to them,

37“Whoever welcomes one child like this on my account is welcoming me, and whoever welcomes me, welcomes not me but him who has sent me.”

38John said to him,

“Master, we saw a man driving out demons with your name, and we told him not to do so, for he was not one of our followers.”

39But Jesus said,

“Do not tell him not to do so, for there is no one who will use my name to do a mighty act, and be able soon after to abuse me. 40For the man who is not against us is for us. 41For whoever gives you a cup of water to drink, on the ground that you belong to Christ, I tell you, will certainly not fail to be repaid. 42And whoever causes one of these humble believers to fall might better have a great millstone hung around his neck and be thrown into the sea. 43If your hand makes you fall, cut it off. You might better enter upon life maimed, than go with both your hands to the pit, into the fire that cannot be put out. 45And if your foot makes you fall, cut it off. You might better enter upon life crippled, than be thrown with both your feet into the pit. 47And if your eye makes you fall, tear it out. You might better get into the Kingdom of God with only one eye than be thrown with both your eyes into the pit, 48where the worm that feeds upon them never dies and the fire is never put out. 49Everyone must be seasoned with fire. 50Salt is a good thing, but if salt loses its strength, what will you use to season it? You must have salt within you, and live in peace with one another.”

Chapter 10

1And he left that place and went into the district of Judea and crossed the Jordan, and crowds of people again gathered about him, and again he taught them as he was accustomed to do. 2Some Pharisees came up, and in order to test him asked him whether a man should be allowed to divorce his wife. 3But he answered,

“What has Moses commanded you to do?”

4They said,

“Moses permits a man to divorce his wife by drawing up a written divorce-notice.”

5But Jesus said to them,

“It was on account of your perversity that he laid down that law for you. 6But from the beginning of the creation, ‘God made them male and female. 7Therefore a man must leave his father and mother, and he and his wife must become one,’ 8and so they are no longer two but one. 9Therefore what God has joined together man must not try to separate.”

10When they reached the house the disciples asked him about this again. 11And he said to them,

“Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against his former wife, 12and if a woman divorces her husband and marries another man, she is an adulteress.”

13And people brought children to him to have him touch them, but the disciples reproved them for it. 14When Jesus saw it, he was indignant, and said to them,

“Let the children come to me; do not try to stop them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as they. 15I tell you, whoever does not accept the Kingdom of God like a child shall not enter it at all.”

16And he took the children in his arms and laid his hands on them and blessed them.

17As he was starting again on his journey, a man came running up to him, and knelt at his feet and asked him,

“Good master, what must I do to make sure of eternal life?”

18But Jesus said to him,

“Why do you call me good? No one is good but God himself. 19You know the commandments—‘Do not murder, Do not commit adultery, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Do not defraud, Honor your father and mother.’

20But he said to him,

“Master, I have obeyed all these commandments ever since I was a child.”

21And Jesus looked at him and loved him, and he said to him,

“There is one thing that you lack. Go, sell all you have, and give the money to the poor, and then you will have riches in heaven; and come back and be a follower of mine.”

22But his face fell at Jesus’ words, and he went away much cast down, for he had a great deal of property.

23And Jesus looked around and said to his disciples,

“How hard it will be for those who have money to enter the Kingdom of God!”

24But the disciples were amazed at what he said. And Jesus said to them again,

“My children, how hard it is to enter the Kingdom of God! 25It is easier for a camel to get through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to get into the Kingdom of God!”

26They were perfectly astounded and said to him,

“Then who can be saved?”

27Jesus looked at them and said,

“For men it is impossible, but not for God, for anything is possible for God.”

28Peter started to say to him,

“Well, we have left all we had, and have followed you.”

29Jesus said,

“I tell you, there is no one who has given up home or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or land for me and for the good news, 30but will receive now in this life a hundred times as much in homes, brothers, sisters, mothers, children, and lands, though not without persecution—and in the coming age eternal life. 31But many who are first now will be last then, and the last will be first.”

32As they went on their way up to Jerusalem, Jesus walked ahead of them, and they were in dismay, and those who still followed were afraid. And he took the Twelve aside again and began to tell them what was going to happen to him.

33“See!” he said, “we are going up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man will be handed over to the high priests and scribes, and they will condemn him to death and hand him over to the heathen 34and they will ridicule him and spit on him and flog him and kill him; and three days after he will rise again.”

35And Zebedee’s two sons, James and John, came up to him and said,

“Master, we want you to do for us whatever we ask.”

36He said to them,

“What do you want me to do for you?”

37They said to him,

“Let us sit one at your right hand and one at your left, in your triumph.”

38Jesus said to them,

“You do not know what you are asking for. Can you drink what I am drinking, or undergo the baptism that I am undergoing?”

39They said to him,

“Yes, we can.”

Jesus said to them,

“Then you shall drink what I am drinking, and you shall undergo the baptism that I am undergoing; 40but as for sitting at my right or at my left, that is not mine to give, but belongs to those for whom it is destined.”

41When the other ten heard of this they were at first very indignant at James and John. 42And Jesus called them to him, and said to them,

“You know that those who are supposed to rule the heathen lord it over them, and their great men tyrannize over them; 43but it is not to be so among you. Whoever wants to be great among you must be your servant, 44and whoever wants to hold the first place among you must be everybody’s slave. 45For the Son of Man himself has not come to be waited on, but to wait on other people, and to give his life to free many others.”

46And they came to Jericho. As he was leaving the town with his disciples and a great crowd, Timaeus’ son Bartimaeus, a blind beggar, was sitting at the roadside. 47When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth he began to cry out,

“Jesus, you son of David, take pity on me!”

48Many of the people rebuked him and told him to be still. But he cried out all the louder,

“You son of David, take pity on me!”

49Jesus stopped and said,

“Call him here.”

And they called the blind man and said to him,

“Courage now! Get up, he is calling you!”

50And he threw off his coat and sprang to his feet and went up to Jesus. 51Jesus spoke to him and said,

“What do you want me to do for you?”

The blind man said to him,

“Master, let me regain my sight!”

52Jesus said to him,

“Go your way. Your faith has cured you.”

And he immediately regained his sight and followed Jesus along the road.

Chapter 11

1When they were getting near Jerusalem, and had come to Bethphage and Bethany near the Mount of Olives, Jesus sent two of his disciples on ahead, 2and said to them,

“Go to the village that lies in front of you, and as soon as you enter it you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 3And if anybody says to you, ‘Why are you doing that?’ say, ‘The Master needs it, and will send it back here directly.’ ”

4And they set off and found a colt tied in the street at the door of a house, and they untied it. 5Some of the bystanders said to them,

“What are you doing, untying the colt?”

6But they answered them as Jesus had told them to do, and the men let them take it. 7So they brought the colt to Jesus, and they threw their coats over it and Jesus mounted it. 8And many of the people spread their coats in the road, and others cut straw from the fields and scattered it in his path. 9And those in front and those behind shouted,

“God bless him!

Blessed be he who comes in the Lord’s name!

10Blessed be the reign of our father David which is coming!

God bless him from on high!”

11And he came into Jerusalem and into the Temple, and looked it all over; then, as it was already late, he went out with the Twelve to Bethany.

12On the next day, after they had left Bethany, he felt hungry. 13And he saw in the distance a fig tree covered with leaves, and he went up to it to see if he could find any figs on it. When he reached it he found nothing but leaves, for it was not the time for figs. 14And he spoke to the tree and said to it,

“May no one ever eat fruit from you any more!”

And his disciples heard it.

15When they reached Jerusalem, he went into the Temple, and began to drive out of it those who were buying or selling things in it, and he upset the money-changers’ tables and the pigeon-dealers’ seats, 16and he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the Temple. 17And he taught them, and said,

“Does not the Scripture say, ‘My house shall be called a house of prayer for all the nations’? But you have made it a robbers’ cave.”

18The high priests and the scribes heard of this, and they cast about for a way of destroying him, for they were afraid of him, for all the people were amazed at what he taught. 19So when evening came, he and his disciples used to go out of the city.

20In the morning as they were passing along, they saw that the fig tree was withered, to its very roots. 21And Peter remembered about it and said to him,

“Look, Master! The fig tree that you cursed is withered up!”

22Jesus answered and said to them,

“Have faith in God! 23I tell you, whoever says to this mountain, ‘Get up and throw yourself into the sea!’ and has no doubt in his mind, but has faith that what he says will happen, shall have it. 24Therefore I tell you, whenever you pray or ask for anything, have faith that it has been granted you, and you shall have it. 25And whenever you stand up to pray, if you have a grievance against anyone, forgive him, so that your Father in heaven too may forgive you your offenses.”

27Then they went into Jerusalem again. And as Jesus was walking about in the Temple, the high priests, scribes, and elders came up 28and said to him,

“What authority have you for doing as you do? And who gave you a right to do as you are doing?”

29Jesus said to them,

“Let me ask you one question, and if you answer me, I will tell you what authority I have for doing as I do. 30Was John’s baptism from heaven or from men? Answer me.”

31And they argued with one another,

“If we say, ‘It was from heaven,’ he will say, ‘Then why did you not believe him?’ 32Yet can we say, ‘It was from men’?” For they were afraid of the people, because all the people thought John was really a prophet. 33So they answered Jesus,

“We do not know.”

Jesus said to them,

“Nor will I tell you what authority I have for doing as I do.”

Chapter 12

1Then he began to speak to them in figures.

“A man once planted a vineyard and fenced it in and hewed out a wine-vat and built a watch tower, and he leased it to tenants and left the neighborhood. 2At the proper time he sent a slave to the tenants to get from them a share of the vintage. 3And they took him and beat him and sent him back empty-handed. 4And again he sent another slave to them. And they beat him over the head and treated him shamefully. 5And he sent another; and him they killed; and so with many others, some they beat and some they killed. 6He still had one left to send, a dearly loved son. He sent him to them last of all, thinking, ‘They will respect my son.’ 7But the tenants said to one another, ‘This is his heir! Come on, let us kill him, and the property will belong to us!’ 8So they took him and killed him, and threw his body outside of the vineyard. 9What will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come back and put the tenants to death and give the vineyard to others. 10Did you never read this passage of Scripture:

“ ‘That stone which the builders rejected

Has become the cornerstone;

11This came from the Lord

And seems marvelous to us’?”

12And they tried to have him arrested, but they were afraid of the people, for they knew that the illustration was aimed at them. And they left him and went away.

13They sent some Pharisees and Herodians to him to entrap him in argument. 14And they came up and said to him,

“Master, we know that you tell the truth regardless of the consequences, for you are not guided by personal considerations, but teach the way of God with sincerity. Is it right to pay the poll tax to the emperor or not? 15Should we pay it, or refuse to pay it?”

But he saw through their pretense, and said to them,

“Why do you put me to such a test? Bring me a denarius to look at.”

16And they brought him one. He said to them,

“Whose head and title is this?”

And they told him,

“The emperor’s.”

17And Jesus said,

“Pay the emperor what belongs to the emperor, and pay God what belongs to God!”

And they were astonished at him.

18Some of the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to him and asked him a question.

19“Master,” they said, “Moses made us a law that if a man’s brother died, leaving a wife but no child, the man should marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother. 20There were once seven brothers. And the eldest married a wife and died, leaving no child. 21And the second married her, and died without leaving any child, and so did the third. 22And none of the seven left any child. Finally, the woman died too. 23At the resurrection, which one’s wife will she be? For all seven of them married her.”

24Jesus said to them,

“Does not this show that you are wrong, and do not understand either the Scriptures or the power of God? 25For when people rise from the dead, there is no marrying or being married, but they live as angels do in heaven. 26But as to the dead being raised, have you never read in the Book of Moses, in the passage about the bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’? 27He is not God of dead men but of living! You are entirely wrong.”

28One of the scribes came up and heard them arguing. He saw that Jesus had answered them well, and he asked him,

“Which is the first of all the commands?”

29Jesus answered,

“The first one is, ‘Hear, Israel! The Lord our God is one lord, 30and you must love the Lord your God with your whole heart, your whole soul, your whole mind, and your whole strength.’ 31And this is the second: ‘You must love your neighbor as you do yourself.’ No other command is greater than these.”

32The scribe said to him,

“Really, Master, you have finely said that he stands alone, and there is none but he, 33and to love him with one’s whole heart, one’s whole understanding, and one’s whole strength, and to love one’s neighbor as one’s self is far more than all these burnt-offerings and sacrifices.”

34And Jesus saw that he answered thoughtfully, and he said to him,

“You are not far from the Kingdom of God!”

And no one ventured to ask him any more questions.

35As Jesus was teaching in the Temple, he answered them and said,

“How can the scribes say that the Christ is a son of David? 36David himself, under the influence of the holy Spirit, said,

“ ‘The Lord has said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand

Until I put your enemies under your feet.*#“)

37David himself calls him lord, and how can he be his son?”

The mass of the people liked to hear him. 38And in the course of his teaching he said to them,

“Beware of the scribes who like to go about in long robes and to be saluted with respect in public places, 39and to have the front seats in the synagogues and the best places at dinners— 40men that eat up widows’ houses and to cover it up make long prayers! They will get a far heavier sentence!”

41And he sat down facing the treasury and watched the people dropping money into it; and many rich people were putting in large sums. 42A poor widow came up and dropped in two little copper coins which make a cent. 43And he called his disciples to him and said,

“I tell you that this poor widow has put in more than all these others who have been putting money into the treasury. 44For they all gave of what they had to spare, but she in her want has put in everything she possessed—all she had to live on.”

Chapter 13

1As he was leaving the Temple, one of his disciples said to him,

“Look, Master! What wonderful stones and buildings!”

2Jesus said to him,

“Do you see these great buildings? Not one stone shall be left here upon another that shall not be torn down.”

3As he was sitting on the Mount of Olives opposite the Temple, Peter, James, John, and Andrew asked him, apart from the others,

4“Tell us when this is to happen, and what the sign will be when it is all just going to be carried out.”

5And Jesus said to them,

“Take care that no one misleads you about this. 6Many will come under my name and say ‘I am he,’ and many will be misled by them. 7But when you hear of wars and rumors of war, you must not be alarmed. They have to come, but it is not yet the end. 8For nation will rise in arms against nation and kingdom against kingdom; there will be earthquakes here and there, there will be famines. This is only the beginning of the sufferings. 9But you must be on your guard; they will hand you over to courts and you will be taken into synagogues and beaten, and you will be brought before governors and kings on my account, to testify to them. 10For before the end the good news must be preached to all the heathen. 11When they are taking you off to trial do not worry beforehand about what you ought to say, but say whatever is given you when the time comes, for it is not you that will speak, but the holy Spirit. 12Brother will give up brother to be put to death, and the father his child, and children will turn against their parents and have them put to death. 13You will be hated by everyone, because you bear my name. But he who holds out to the end will be saved. 14But as soon as you see the dreadful desecration standing where he has no right to stand” (the reader must take note of this), “then those who are in Judea must fly to the hills; 15a man on the roof of his house must not go down or go into the house to get anything out of it, 16and a man in the field must not turn back to get his coat. 17Alas for women who are with child at that time, or who have babies! 18Pray that it may not be winter when it comes, 19for there will be such misery in those days as there has never been since the beginning of God’s creation until now, and never will be again. 20If the Lord had not cut those days short, nobody would have escaped, but for the sake of his own chosen people he has cut the days short. 21If anyone says to you at that time, ‘Look! Here is the Christ!’ or ‘Look! There he is!’ do not believe it. 22For false Christs and false prophets will appear, and they will show signs and wonders to mislead God’s chosen people if they can. 23But you must be on your guard; I have told you all about it beforehand. 24But in those days, when that misery is over, the sun will be darkened and the moon will not shed its light 25and the stars will fall from the sky and the forces in the sky will shake. 26Then they will see the Son of Man coming on the clouds with great power and glory, 27and then he will send out the angels and gather his chosen people from the four winds, from one end of the world to the other.

28“Let the fig tree teach you the lesson. As soon as its branches grow soft and put forth leaves you know that summer is coming. 29So when you see these things happening, you must know that he is just at the door. 30I tell you, these things will all happen before the present age passes away. 31Earth and sky will pass away, but my words will not. 32But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son; only the Father. 33You must look out and be on the alert, for you do not know when it will be time; 34just as a man when he leaves home to go on a journey, and puts his slaves in charge, each with his duties, gives orders to the watchman to keep watch. 35So you must be on the watch, for you do not know when the master of the house is coming—in the evening or at midnight or toward daybreak or early in the morning— 36for fear he should come unexpectedly and find you asleep. 37And what I am telling you I mean for all—Be on the watch!”

Chapter 14

1It was now two days before the festival of the Passover and of Unleavened Bread. And the high priests and scribes were casting about for a way to arrest him by stealth and put him to death, 2for they said,

“It must not be during the festival, or there may be a riot.”

3Jesus was in Bethany, at the house of Simon the leper, and as he was at table, a woman came in, with an alabaster flask of pure nard perfume, very expensive; she broke the flask and poured the perfume on his head. 4But there were some who said indignantly to themselves,

“What was the use of wasting the perfume like that? 5It might have been sold for more than sixty dollars, and the money have been given to the poor.”

6And they grumbled at her. But Jesus said,

“Leave her alone. Why do you bother her? It is a fine thing that she has done to me. 7For you always have the poor among you, and whenever you please you can do for them, but you will not always have me. 8She has done all she could; she has perfumed my body in preparation for my burial. 9I tell you, wherever the good news is preached all over the world, what she has done will also be told in memory of her.”

10Then Judas Iscariot, one of the Twelve, went to the high priests to betray Jesus to them. 11They were delighted to hear it and promised to pay him for it. So he was watching for an opportunity to betray him to them.

12On the first day of the festival of Unleavened Bread, on which it was customary to kill the Passover lamb, Jesus’ disciples said to him,

“Where do you wish us to go and make the preparations for you to eat the Passover supper?”

13So he sent away two of his disciples, saying to them,

“Go into the city, and you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him, 14and whatever house he goes into, say to the man of the house, ‘The Master says, “Where is my room where I can eat the Passover supper with my disciples?” ’ 15And he will show you a large room upstairs, furnished and ready. Make your preparations for us there.”

16So the disciples started and went into the city, and found everything just as he had told them; and they prepared the Passover supper.

17When it was evening he came with the Twelve. 18And when they were at the table eating, Jesus said,

“I tell you, one of you is going to betray me—one who is eating with me.”

19And they were hurt, and said to him one after another,

“Can it be I?”

20He said to them,

“It is one of the Twelve, who is dipping his bread in the same dish with me. 21For the Son of Man is indeed to go away as the Scriptures say of him, but alas for the man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed! It would have been better for that man if he had never been born.”

22As they were eating, he took a loaf and blessed it, and he broke it in pieces and gave it to them saying,

“Take this. It is my body.”

23And he took the wine cup and gave thanks and gave it to them and they all drank from it. 24And he said to them,

“This is my blood which ratifies the agreement, and is to be poured out for many people. 25I tell you, I will never drink the product of the vine again till the day when I shall drink the new wine in the Kingdom of God.”

26After singing the hymn they went out of the city and up the Mount of Olives. 27And Jesus said to them,

“You will all desert me, for the Scriptures say, ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’ 28But after I am raised to life again I will go back to Galilee before you.”

29But Peter said to him,

“Even if they all desert you, I will not!”

30Jesus said to him,

“I tell you, this very night before the cock crows twice you yourself will disown me three times!”

31But he persisted vehemently,

“If I have to die with you, I will never disown you.”

And they all said the same thing.

32They came to a place called Gethsemane, and he said to his disciples,

“Sit down here while I pray.”

33And he took Peter, James, and John along with him, and he began to feel distress and dread, 34and he said to them,

“My heart is almost breaking. You must stay here and keep watch.” 35And he went on a little way and threw himself on the ground and prayed that if it were possible he might be spared the hour of trial, 36and he said,

“Abba!” that is, Father, “anything is possible for you! Take this cup away from me! Yet not what I please but what you do!”

37When he went back he found them asleep and he said to Peter,

“Simon, are you asleep? Were you not able to watch for one hour? 38You must all watch, and pray that you may not be subjected to trial. One’s spirit is eager, but human nature is weak.”

39He went away again and prayed in the same words as before. 40When he came back he found them asleep again, for they could hardly keep their eyes open; and they did not know what answer to make to him. 41When he came back for the third time, he said to them,

“Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Enough of this! The time has come. See! the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of wicked men. 42Get up, let us be going. Look, here comes my betrayer!”

43Just at that moment, while he was still speaking, Judas, who was one of the Twelve, came up, and with him a crowd of men with swords and clubs, from the high priests, scribes, and elders. 44Now the man who betrayed him had given them a signal, saying,

“The one I kiss is the man. Seize him and take him safely away.”

45So when he came he went straight up to Jesus and said, “Master!” and kissed him affectionately.

46And they laid hands on him and seized him. 47But one of the bystanders drew his sword and struck at the high priest’s slave and cut his ear off. 48And Jesus spoke and said to them,

“Have you come out to arrest me with swords and clubs, as though I were a robber? 49I have been among you day after day in the Temple teaching, and you never seized me. But let the Scriptures be fulfilled!”

50Then all the disciples left him and made their escape.

51And a young man followed him with nothing but a linen cloth about his body; and they seized him, 52but he left the cloth behind and ran away naked.

53They took Jesus away to the high priest, and all the high priests, elders, and scribes came together. 54And Peter followed him at a distance, right into the courtyard of the high priest and sat down with the attendants and warmed himself at the fire. 55The high priests and the whole council tried to get evidence against Jesus in order to put him to death, and they could find none, 56for while many gave false testimony against him their evidence did not agree. 57Some got up and gave false testimony against him to this effect:

58“We ourselves have heard him say, ‘I will tear down this sanctuary built by men’s hands, and in three days I will build another, made without hands.’ ”

59And even then their evidence did not agree. 60Then the high priest got up and came forward into the center and asked Jesus,

“Have you no answer to make? What about their evidence against you?”

61But Jesus was silent and made no answer. The high priest again questioned him and said to him,

“Are you the Christ, the son of the Blessed One?”

62But Jesus said,

“I am! and you will see the Son of Man seated at the right hand of the Almighty and coming in the clouds of the sky!”

63Then the high priest tore his clothing, and said,

“What do we want of witnesses now? 64Did you hear his blasphemy? What is your decision?”

And they all condemned him as deserving to be put to death. 65And some started to spit at him and to blindfold him and strike him, and say to him,

“Now show that you are a prophet!”

And the attendants slapped him as they took charge of him.

66While Peter was down in the courtyard, one of the high priest’s maids came up, 67and seeing Peter warming himself, she looked at him and said,

“You were with this Jesus of Nazareth too!”

68But he denied it, saying,

“I do not know or understand what you mean.”

He went out into the gateway. 69And the maid saw him there and began again to tell the bystanders,

“This fellow is one of them!”

70But he denied it again. And again a little while after, the bystanders said to Peter,

“You certainly are one of them, for you are a Galilean!”

71But he began to swear with the strongest oaths,

“I do not know this man that you are talking about!”

72At that moment for the second time a cock crowed. And Peter remembered how Jesus had said to him, “Before the cock crows twice, you will disown me three times!” And at that, he wept aloud.

Chapter 15

1As soon as it was daylight, the high priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes, and they and the whole council bound Jesus and took him away and handed him over to Pilate. 2Pilate asked him,

“Are you the king of the Jews?”

He answered,

“Yes.”

3And the high priests kept heaping accusations upon him. 4But Pilate again asked him,

“Have you no answer to make? See what charges they are making against you.”

5But Jesus made no further answer at all, so that Pilate wondered. 6Now at festival time he used to set free for them one prisoner, whom they petitioned for. 7There was in prison a man called Barabbas, among some revolutionaries who in their outbreak had committed murder. 8And a crowd of people came up and started to ask him for the usual favor. 9Pilate asked them,

“Do you want me to set the king of the Jews free for you?”

10For he knew that the high priests had handed him over to him out of envy. 11But the high priests stirred up the crowd to get him to set Barabbas free for them instead. 12And Pilate again said to them,

“Then what shall I do with the man you call the king of the Jews?”

13They shouted back,

“Crucify him!”

14And Pilate said to them,

“Why, what has he done that is wrong?”

But they shouted all the louder,

“Crucify him!”

15And as Pilate wanted to satisfy the crowd, he set Barabbas free for them, and after having Jesus flogged handed him over to be crucified.

16Then the soldiers took him inside the courtyard, that is, of the governor’s residence, and they called the whole battalion together. 17And they dressed him up in a purple cloak, and made a wreath of thorns and crowned him with it, 18and they began to acclaim him,

“Long live the king of the Jews!”

19And they struck him on the head with a stick and spat at him, and they knelt down and did homage to him. 20When they had finished making sport of him, they took off the purple cloak and put his own clothes on him.

Then they took him out of the city to crucify him. 21And they forced a passer-by, who was coming in from the country, to carry his cross—one Simon, a Cyrenian, the father of Alexander and Rufus. 22And they took him to the place called Golgotha, which means the Place of the Skull. 23They offered him drugged wine, but he would not take it. 24Then they crucified him, and divided up his clothes, drawing lots for them to see what each of them should have. 25It was nine in the morning when they crucified him. 26And the notice of the charge against him read, “The king of the Jews.” 27They crucified two robbers along with him, one at his right and one at his left. 29And the passers-by jeered at him, shaking their heads and saying,

“Aha! you who would tear down the sanctuary and build one in three days! 30Come down from the cross and save yourself!”

31The high priests too made sport of him to one another with the scribes and said,

“He saved others, but he cannot save himself! 32Let this Christ, the king of Israel, come down from the cross now, so that we may see it and believe!” And the men who were crucified with him abused him.

33At noon darkness spread over the whole country, and lasted until three in the afternoon. 34And at three o’clock Jesus called out loudly,

“Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

35Some of the bystanders, when they heard it, said,

“See! He is calling for Elijah!”

36One man ran off and soaked a sponge in common wine, and put it on the end of a stick and held it up to him to drink, saying,

“Let us see whether Elijah does come to take him down!”

37But Jesus gave a loud cry, and expired. 38And the curtain of the sanctuary was torn in two, from top to bottom. 39And when the captain who stood facing him saw how he expired he said,

“This man was certainly a son of God!”

40There were some women also watching from a distance, among them Mary of Magdala, Mary the mother of the younger James and of Joses, and Salome, 41who used to accompany him and wait on him when he was in Galilee—besides many other women who had come up to Jerusalem with him.

42Although it was now evening, yet since it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathea, a highly respected member of the council, who was himself living in expectation of the reign of God, made bold to go to Pilate and ask for Jesus’ body. 44Pilate wondered whether he was dead already, and he sent for the captain and asked whether he was dead yet, 45and when he learned from the captain that he was, he gave Joseph permission to take the body. 46And he bought a linen sheet and took him down from the cross and wrapped him in the sheet, and laid him in a tomb that had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the doorway of the tomb. 47And Mary of Magdala and Mary, Joses’ mother, were looking on and saw where he was put.

Chapter 16

1When the Sabbath was over, Mary of Magdala, Mary, James’s mother, and Salome bought spices, in order to go and anoint him. 2Then very early on the first day of the week they went to the tomb, when the sun had just risen. 3And they said to one another,

“Who will roll the stone back from the doorway of the tomb for us?”

4And they looked up and saw that the stone had been rolled back, for it was very large. 5And when they went into the tomb they saw a young man in a white robe sitting at the right, and they were utterly amazed. 6But he said to them,

“You must not be amazed. You are looking for Jesus of Nazareth who was crucified. He has risen, he is not here. See! This is where they laid him. 7But go and say to his disciples and to Peter, ‘He is going before you to Galilee; you will see him there, just as he told you.’ ”

8And they fled out of the tomb, for they were all trembling and bewildered, and they said nothing about it to anyone, for they were afraid to do so.

9Now after he had risen, early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary of Magdala, from whom he had driven out seven evil spirits. 10She went and told it to his old companions, while they were mourning and weeping. 11When they heard that he was alive and that she had seen him, they would not believe it. 12Afterward he showed himself in a different form to two of them as they were walking along, on their way into the country. 13They went back and told the rest, but they would not believe them. 14Still later he appeared to the Eleven themselves when they were at table, and reproached them for their obstinacy and want of faith, because they had not believed those who had seen him after he had been raised from the dead. 15And he said to them,

“Go to the whole world and proclaim the good news to all the creation. 16He who believes it and is baptized will be saved, but he who does not believe it will be condemned. 17And signs like these will attend those who believe: with my name they will drive out demons; they will speak in foreign tongues; 18they will take snakes in their hands, and if they drink poison it will not hurt them; they will lay their hands on the sick, and they will get well.”

19So the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was caught up into heaven and took his seat at God’s right hand. 20And they went out and preached everywhere, while the Lord worked with them and confirmed their message by the signs that attended it.

The Gospel According to Luke

Chapter 1

1Many writers have undertaken to compose accounts of the movement which has developed among us, 2just as the original eye-witnesses who became teachers of the message have handed it down to us. 3For that reason, Theophilus, and because I have investigated it all carefully from the beginning, I have determined to write a connected account of it for Your Excellency, 4so that you may be reliably informed about the things you have been taught.

5In the days when Herod was king of Judea, there was a priest named Zechariah who belonged to the division of Abijah. His wife was also a descendant of Aaron, and her name was Elizabeth. 6They were both upright in the sight of God, blamelessly observing all the Lord’s commands and requirements. 7They had no children, for Elizabeth was barren; and they were both advanced in life.

8Once when he was acting as priest before God, when his division was on duty, 9 it fell to his lot, according to the priests’ practice, to go into the sanctuary of the Lord and burn the incense, 10while all the throng of people was outside, praying at the hour of the incense offering. 11And an angel of the Lord appeared to him, standing at the right of the altar of incense. 12When Zechariah saw him he was startled and overcome with fear. 13And the angel said to him,

“Do not be afraid, Zechariah, for your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to name him John. 14This will bring gladness and delight to you, and many will rejoice over his birth. 15For he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He will drink no wine or strong drink, but he will be filled with the holy Spirit from his very birth, 16and he will turn many of Israel’s descendants to the Lord their God. 17He will go before him with the spirit and the power of Elijah, to reconcile fathers to their children, and to bring the disobedient back to the wisdom of upright men, to make a people perfectly ready for the Lord.”

18Zechariah said to the angel,

“How am I to know that this is so? For I am an old man, and my wife is advanced in life.”

19The angel answered,

“I am Gabriel. I stand in the very presence of God. I have been sent to speak to you and to tell you this good news. 20Now you will keep silent and be unable to speak until the day when this happens, because you have not believed what I have said, for it will all be fulfilled in due time.”

21The people were waiting for Zechariah, and wondering that he stayed so long in the sanctuary. 22But when he came out he could not speak to them, and they knew that he had seen a vision in the sanctuary. For his part, he kept making signs to them, and remained dumb. 23And when his period of service was over, he went back to his home.

24Soon afterward his wife Elizabeth began to expect a child, and she kept herself in seclusion for five months.

25“This is what the Lord has done for me,” she said, “now that he has deigned to remove the disgrace I have endured.”

26In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent by God to a town in Galilee called Nazareth, 27to a maiden there who was engaged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. The maiden’s name was Mary. 28And the angel went into the town and said to her,

“Good morning, favored woman! The Lord be with you!”

29But she was startled at what he said, and wondered what this greeting meant. 30And the angel said to her,

“Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have gained God’s approval. 31You are to become a mother and you will give birth to a son, and you are to name him Jesus. 32He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his forefather David, 33and he will reign over Jacob’s house forever; his reign will have no end.”

34Mary said to the angel,

“How can this be, when I have no husband?”

35The angel answered,

“The holy Spirit will come over you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. For that reason your child will be called holy, and the Son of God. 36And your relative, Elizabeth, although she is old, is going to give birth to a son, and this is the sixth month with her who was said to be barren. 37For nothing is ever impossible for God.”

38And Mary said,

“I am the Lord’s slave. Let it be as you say.”

Then the angel left her.

39In those days Mary set out and hurried to the hill-country, to a town in Judah, 40and she went to Zechariah’s house and greeted Elizabeth. 41When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the babe stirred within her. And Elizabeth was filled with the holy Spirit 42and she gave a great cry, and said,

“You are the most favored of women,

And blessed is your child!

43Who am I,

To have the mother of my Lord come to me?

44“For the moment your greeting reached my ears,

The child stirred with joy within me!

45Blessed is she who has believed,

For what the Lord has promised her will be fulfilled!”

46And Mary said,

“My heart extols the Lord,

47My spirit exults in God my Savior.

48For he has noticed his slave in her humble station,

For from this time all the ages will think me favored!

49“For the Almighty has done wonders for me,

How holy his name is!

50He shows his mercy age after age

To those who fear him.

51“He has done mighty deeds with his arm,

He has routed the proud-minded,

52He has dethroned monarchs and exalted the poor,

53He has satisfied the hungry with good things, and sent the rich away empty-handed.

54“He has helped his servant Israel,

Remembering his mercy,

55As he promised our forefathers

To have mercy on Abraham and his descendants forever!”

56So Mary stayed with her about three months, and then returned home.

57Now the time came for Elizabeth’s child to be born, and she gave birth to a son. 58Her neighbors and relatives heard of the great mercy the Lord had shown her, and they came and congratulated her. 59On the eighth day they came to circumcise the child, and they were going to name him Zechariah, after his father. 60But his mother said,

“No! He is to be named John.”

61They said to her,

“There is no one among your relatives who bears that name.”

62But they made signs to the child’s father and asked him what he wished to have the child named. 63He asked for a writing tablet, and wrote,

“His name is John.”

64And they were all amazed. Then his voice and the use of his tongue were immediately restored, and he blessed God aloud. 65And all their neighbors were overcome with fear, and all over the hill-country of Judea all these stories were told, 66and everyone who heard them kept them in mind, and said,

“What is this child going to be?” For the Lord’s hand was with him.

67And his father Zechariah was filled with the holy Spirit and he uttered a divine message, saying,

68“Blessings on the Lord, the God of Israel,

Because he has turned his attention to his people, and brought about their deliverance,

69And he has produced a mighty Savior for us

In the house of his servant David.

70“By the lips of his holy prophets he promised of old to do this—

71To save us from our enemies and from the hands of all who hate us,

72Thus showing mercy to our forefathers,

And keeping his sacred agreement,

73“And the oath that he swore to our forefather Abraham,

74That we should be delivered from the hands of our enemies,

75And should serve him in holiness and uprightness, unafraid,

In his own presence all our lives.

76“And you, my child, will be called a prophet of the Most High,

For you will go before the Lord to make his way ready,

77Bringing his people the knowledge of salvation

Through the forgiveness of their sins.

78“Because the heart of our God is merciful,

And so the day will dawn upon us from on high,

79To shine on men who sit in darkness and the shadow of death,

And guide our feet into the way of peace.”

80And the child grew up and became strong in the Spirit, and he lived in the desert until the day when he proclaimed himself to Israel.

Chapter 2

1In those days an edict was issued by the Emperor Augustus that a census of the whole world should be taken. 2It was the first census, taken when Quirinius was governor of Syria. 3So everyone went to his own town to register. 4And Joseph went up from Galilee from the town of Nazareth to Judea to the city of David called Bethlehem, because he belonged to the house and family of David, 5to register with Mary, who was engaged to him and who was soon to become a mother. 6While they were there, the time came for her child to be born, 7and she gave birth to her first-born son; and she wrapped him up, and laid him in a manger, for there was no room for them at the inn.

8There were some shepherds in that neighborhood keeping watch through the night over their flock in the open fields. 9And an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terribly frightened. 10The angel said to them,

“Do not be frightened, for I bring you good news of a great joy that is to be felt by all the people, 11for today, in the town of David, a Savior for you has been born who is your Messiah and Lord. 12And this will prove it to you: You will find a baby wrapped up and lying in a manger.”

13Suddenly there appeared with the angel a throng of the heavenly army, praising God, saying,

14“Glory to God in heaven and on earth!

Peace to the men he favors!”

15When the angels left them and returned to heaven, the shepherds said to one another,

“Come! Let us go over to Bethlehem, and see this thing that has happened, that the Lord has told us of!”

16And they hurried there, and found Mary and Joseph, with the baby lying in the manger. 17When they saw this, they told what had been said to them about this child. 18And all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds told them, 19but Mary treasured up all they had said, and pondered over it. 20And the shepherds went back glorifying God and praising him for all that they had heard and seen in fulfilment of what they had been told.

21When he was eight days old and it was time to circumcise him, he was named Jesus, as the angel had named him, before his birth was first expected.

22When their purification period under the Law of Moses was over, they took him up to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord, 23in fulfilment of the requirement of the Law of the Lord, “Every first-born male shall be considered consecrated to the Lord,” 24and to offer the sacrifice prescribed in the Law of the Lord, “A pair of turtle-doves or two young pigeons.”

25Now there was a man in Jerusalem named Symeon, an upright, devout man, who was living in expectation of the comforting of Israel, and under the influence of the holy Spirit. 26It had been revealed to him by the holy Spirit that he should not die without seeing the Lord’s Messiah. 27And under the Spirit’s influence he went into the Temple, and when Jesus’ parents brought him there to do for him what the Law required, 28Symeon also took him in his arms and blessed God, and said,

29“Now, Master, you will let your slave go free

In peace, as you promised,

30For my eyes have seen your salvation

31Which you have set before all the nations,

32A light of revelation for the heathen,

And a glory to your people Israel!”

33The child’s father and mother were astonished at what Symeon said. 34And he gave them his blessing, and said to Mary, the child’s mother,

“This child is destined to cause the fall and rise of many in Israel, and to be a portent that will be much debated— 35you yourself will be pierced to the heart—and so the thoughts of many minds will be revealed.”

36There was also a prophetess there named Hannah, the daughter of Phanuel, who belonged to the tribe of Asher. She was very old, for after her girlhood she had been married for seven years, 37and she had been a widow until she was now eighty-four. She never left the Temple, but worshipped night and day with fasting and prayer. 38She came up just at that time and gave thanks to God and spoke about the child to all who were living in expectation of the liberation of Jerusalem.

39When they had done everything that the Law of the Lord required, they returned to Galilee, to their own town of Nazareth.

40And the child grew up and became strong and thoughtful, with God’s blessing resting on him.

41His parents used to go to Jerusalem every year at the Passover Festival. 42And when he was twelve years old, they went up as usual to the festival and made their customary stay. 43When they started back the boy Jesus stayed behind in Jerusalem without his parents’ knowledge. 44They supposed that he was somewhere in the party, and traveled until the end of the first day’s journey, and then they looked everywhere for him among their relatives and acquaintances. 45As they could not find him, they went back to Jerusalem in search of him. 46And on the third day they found him in the Temple, sitting among the teachers, listening to them and asking them questions, 47and everyone who heard him was astonished at his intelligence and at the answers he made. 48When his parents saw him they were amazed, and his mother said to him.

“My child, why did you treat us like this? Here your father and I have been looking for you, and have been very anxious.”

49He said to them,

“How did you come to look for me? Did you not know that I must be at my Father’s house?”

50But they did not understand what he told them. 51And he went back with them to Nazareth and obeyed them. And his mother treasured all these things up in her mind.

52As Jesus grew older he gained in wisdom and won the approval of God and men.

Chapter 3

1In the fifteenth year of the reign of the Emperor Tiberius, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod governor of Galilee, while his brother Philip was governor of the territory of Iturea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was the governor of Abilene, 2in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, a message from God came to Zechariah’s son John in the desert. 3And he went all through the Jordan Valley preaching repentance and baptism in order to obtain the forgiveness of sins, 4as the book of the sermons of the prophet Isaiah says,

“Hark! Someone is shouting in the desert,

Get the Lord’s way ready!

Make his paths straight.

5Every hollow must be filled up,

And every mountain and hill leveled.

What is crooked is to be made straight,

And the rough roads are to be made smooth,

6And all mankind is to see how God can save!”

7So he would say to the crowds that came out there to be baptized by him,

“You brood of snakes! Who warned you to fly from the wrath that is coming? 8Then produce fruit that will be consistent with your professed repentance! And do not begin to say to yourselves, ‘We have Abraham for our forefather,’ for I tell you, God can produce descendants for Abraham right out of these stones! 9But the axe is already lying at the roots of the trees. Any tree that fails to produce good fruit is going to be cut down and thrown into the fire.”

10The crowds would ask him,

“Then what ought we to do?”

11And he answered,

“The man who has two shirts must share with the man who has none, and the man who has food must do the same.”

12Even tax-collectors came to be baptized, and they said to him,

“Master, what ought we to do?”

13He said to them,

“Do not collect any more than you are authorized to.”

14And soldiers would ask him,

“And what ought we to do?”

He said to them,

“Do not extort money or make false charges against people, but be satisfied with your pay.”

15As all this aroused people’s expectations, and they were all wondering in their hearts whether John was the Christ, 16John said to them all,

“I am only baptizing you in water, but someone is coming who is stronger than I am, whose shoes I am not fit to untie. He will baptize you in the holy Spirit and in fire. 17He has his winnowing fork in his hand, to clean up his threshing-floor, and store his wheat in his barn, but he will burn up the chaff with inextinguishable fire.”

18So with many varied exhortations he would preach the good news to the people, 19but Herod the governor, whom he condemned because of Herodias, his brother’s wife, and all the wicked things Herod had done, 20crowned them all by putting John in prison.

21Now when all the people were baptized and when Jesus also after his baptism was praying, heaven opened 22and the holy Spirit came down upon him in the material shape of a dove, and there came a voice from heaven,

“You are my Son, my Beloved! You are my Chosen!”

23Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his work. He was the son, it was supposed, of Joseph, the son of Eli, 24the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, 25the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, 26the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, 27the son of Johanan, the son of Resa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Salathiel, the son of Neri, 28the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, 29the son of Jesus, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, 30the son of Symeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, 31the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, 32the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon, 33the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, 34the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, 35the son of Serug, the son of Ragau, the son of Peleg, the son of Heber, the son of Shelah, 36the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, 37the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Maleleel, the son of Cainan, 38the son of Enosh, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

Chapter 4

1Jesus returned from the Jordan full of the holy Spirit, and he was led about in the desert 2for forty days by the Spirit, and was tempted by the devil. In all those days he ate nothing, and when they were over he was famished. 3And the devil said to him,

“If you are God’s son, tell this stone to turn into bread!”

4Jesus answered,

“The Scripture says, ‘Not on bread alone is man to live!’ ”

5And he took him up and showed him in an instant all the kingdoms of the world. 6And the devil said to him,

“I will give you all this power and their splendor, for it has been turned over to me, and I can give it to anyone I please. 7If you will do homage before me, it shall all be yours.”

8Jesus answered,

“The Scripture says, ‘You must do homage before the Lord your God, and worship him alone.’ ”

9And he took him to Jerusalem, and made him stand on the summit of the Temple, and said to him,

“If you are God’s son, throw yourself down from here, 10for the Scripture says, ‘He will give his angels orders about you, to protect you,’ 11and, ‘They will lift you up with their hands, so that you may never strike your foot against a stone.’ ”

12Jesus answered,

“We have been told, ‘You shall not try the Lord your God.’ ”

13When the devil had tried every kind of temptation he left him till another time.

14Under the power of the Spirit Jesus returned to Galilee, and news of him went all over that region. 15And he taught in their synagogues, and was honored by them all.

16And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath he went to the synagogue, as he was accustomed to do, and stood up to read the Scriptures. 17And the roll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him, and he unrolled it and found the place where it says,

18“The spirit of the Lord is upon me,

For he has consecrated me to preach the good news to the poor,

He has sent me to announce to the prisoners their release and to the blind the recovery of their sight,

To set the down-trodden at liberty,

19To proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor!”

20And he rolled up the roll and gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fixed upon him. 21And he began by saying to them,

“This passage of Scripture has been fulfilled here in your hearing today!”

22And they all spoke well of him and were astonished at the winning words that fell from his lips, and they said,

“Is he not Joseph’s son?”

23He said to them,

“No doubt you will quote this proverb to me: ‘Doctor, cure yourself! Do the things here in your own country that we hear you did at Capernaum.’ 24I tell you,” said he, “no prophet is welcome in his own country. 25But, I tell you, there were plenty of widows in Israel in Elijah’s time, when the sky was closed for three years and a half, and there was a great famine all over the land, 26and Elijah was not sent to one of them, but to a widow at Zarephath in Sidon. 27And there were plenty of lepers in Israel in the time of the prophet Elisha, and none of them was cured, but Naaman the Syrian.”

28And when the people in the synagogue heard this, they were all very angry, 29and they got up and drove him out of the town and took him to the brow of the hill on which their town was built, intending to throw him down from it. 30But he made his way through the midst of them and went on.

31And he came down to Capernaum, a town in Galilee. And he taught them on the Sabbath, 32and they were amazed at his teaching, for he spoke with authority. 33There was a man in the synagogue who was possessed by the spirit of a foul demon and he cried out loudly,

34“Ha! What do you want of us, Jesus, you Nazarene? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are! You are God’s Holy One!”

35Jesus reproved him and said,

“Silence! Get out of him!”

And the demon threw the man down in the midst of them, and came out of him, without doing him any harm. 36And they were all amazed and said to one another,

“What is the meaning of this teaching? For he gives orders authoritatively and effectually to the foul spirits, and they come out.” 37And news of him spread to every place in that region.

38When he got up and left the synagogue, he went to Simon’s house. And Simon’s mother-in-law was suffering with a severe attack of fever, and they asked him about her. 39And he stood over her and reproved the fever and it left her, and she got up and waited on them.

40As the sun went down all who had friends sick with various diseases brought them to him, and he laid his hands on every one of them and cured them. 41And demons came out of many people, crying out,

“You are the Son of God!”

But he reproved them and forbade them to speak, because they knew he was the Christ.

42When it was day, he left the house and made his way to a lonely spot, and crowds of people went in search of him, and overtook him and tried to keep him from leaving them. 43But he said to them,

“I must preach the good news of the Kingdom of God to the other towns also, for that is what I was sent to do.”

44So he went about Judea, preaching in the synagogues.

Chapter 5

1Once as the crowd was pressing about him to hear God’s message, he happened to be standing by the Lake of Gennesaret, 2and he saw two boats on the shore of the lake, for the fishermen had gotten out of them and were washing their nets. 3And he got into one of the boats, which belonged to Simon, and asked him to push out a little from the shore. Then he sat down and taught the crowds of people from the boat. 4When he stopped speaking, he said to Simon,

“Push out into deep water, and then put down your nets for a haul.”

5Simon answered,

“Master, we worked all night and caught nothing, but as you tell me to do it, I will put down the nets.”

6So they did so, and inclosed such a shoal of fish that their nets began to break. 7And they signaled to their comrades in the other boat to come and help them. And they came, and they filled both boats so full that they began to sink. 8When Simon Peter saw it, he fell down at Jesus’ feet and said,

“Leave me, Master, for I am a sinful man.”

9For he and all the men with him were perfectly amazed at the haul of fish they had made, 10and so were Zebedee’s sons, James and John, who were Simon’s partners. Jesus said to Simon,

“Do not be afraid. From now on you are to catch men!”

11And they brought the boats to land and left everything and followed him.

12When he was in one of the towns, he came upon a man covered with leprosy. And when he saw Jesus he fell down on his face, and begged him, saying,

“If you only choose, sir, you can cure me!”

13And he stretched out his hand and touched him, saying,

“I do choose! Be cured!”

And the leprosy immediately left him, 14Then he warned him to tell nobody,

“But go,” he said, “show yourself to the priest, and in proof of your cure make the offerings for your purification, just as Moses prescribed.”

15Yet the news about him spread more and more, and great crowds gathered to hear him and to be cured of their diseases. 16But Jesus himself would retire into the desert and pray.

17One day as he was teaching, there were some Pharisees and experts in the Law sitting near by, who had come from every village in Galilee and Judea and from Jerusalem. The power of the Lord was there, so that he might cure people. 18Some men came up carrying on a bed a man who was paralyzed, and they tried to get him in and lay him before Jesus. 19And as they could find no way to get him in, on account of the crowd, they went up on the roof and let him down with his mat through the tiles, among the people in front of Jesus. 20When he saw their faith, he said,

“Friend, your sins are forgiven!”

21And the scribes and the Pharisees began to debate and say,

“Who is this man who talks blasphemy? Who can forgive sins but God alone?”

22But Jesus saw what they were discussing, and said to them,

“What are you pondering over in your minds? 23Which is easier, to say, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Get up and walk’? 24But to let you know that the Son of Man has authority to forgive sins on earth”—turning to the man who was paralyzed he said to him—“I tell you, get up, pick up your mat, and go home!”

25And he got up at once before them all, and picked up what he had been lying on, and went home, praising God. 26They were all seized with astonishment, and praised God, and filled with awe they said,

“We have seen something wonderful today!”

27After this he went out, and he saw a tax-collector named Levi sitting at the tollhouse, and he said to him,

“Follow me!”

28And he left everything and got up and followed him. 29Then Levi gave a great entertainment for him in his house, and there was a great throng of tax-collectors and others who were at table with them. 30And the Pharisees and their scribes grumbled about it to his disciples, and said,

“Why do you eat and drink with tax-collectors and irreligious people?” 31Jesus answered them,

“It is not well people but the sick who have to have the doctor. 32I have not come to invite the pious but the irreligious to repentance!”

33They said to him,

“John’s disciples observe frequent fasts and offer prayers, and so do the disciples of the Pharisees, but your disciples eat and drink.”

34Jesus said to them,

“Can you make wedding guests fast while the bridegroom is with them? 35But other days will come, and when the bridegroom is taken away from them, in those days they will fast.”

36He used this figure also in speaking to them:

“No one tears a piece from a new coat and sews it on an old one, or if he does, he will both tear the new one and the piece from the new one will not match the old one. 37And nobody puts new wine into old wine-skins, or if he does, the new wine will burst the skins and run out, and the skins will be spoiled. 38New wine has to be put into fresh skins. 39No one after drinking old wine wants new, for he says, ‘The old is better!’ ”

Chapter 6

1One Sabbath he happened to be passing through the wheat fields, and his disciples were picking the heads of wheat, and eating them, rubbing them in their hands. 2And some of the Pharisees said,

“Why do you do what it is against the Law to do on the Sabbath?”

3Jesus answered,

“Have you not read even what David did, when he and his companions were hungry? 4How he went into the house of God and took the Presentation Loaves, which it was against the Law for anyone but the priests to eat, and ate them with his companions?” 5And he said to them, “The Son of Man is master of the Sabbath.”

6On another Sabbath he happened to go to the synagogue and teach. There was a man there whose right hand was withered. 7And the scribes and the Pharisees were on the watch to see whether he would cure people on the Sabbath, in order to find a charge to bring against him. 8But he knew what they were thinking, and he said to the man with the withered hand,

“Get up and stand in front.”

And he got up and stood there. 9Jesus said to them,

“I want to ask you, Is it allowable on the Sabbath to do people good or to do them harm? to save life or to destroy it?”

10And he looked around at them all and said to the man,

“Hold out your hand!”

And he did so, and his hand was restored.

11But they were perfectly furious, and discussed with one another what they could do to Jesus.

12It was in those days that he went up on the mountain to pray, and passed the whole night in prayer to God. 13When day came, he called his disciples to him, and chose twelve of them whom he named apostles: 14Simon, whom he named Peter, his brother Andrew, James, John, Philip, Bartholomew, 15Matthew, Thomas, James, the son of Alpheus, Simon, who was called the Zealot, 16Judas, the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who turned out a traitor. 17And he came down with them and took his stand on a level place with a great throng of his disciples, and a large number of people from all over Judea and from Jerusalem and the seacoast district of Tyre and Sidon, who had come to hear him and to be cured of their diseases. 18And those who were troubled with foul spirits were cured. 19And all the people tried to touch him, because power went forth from him and cured them all. 20Then he fixed his eyes on his disciples, and said,

“Blessed are you who are poor, for the Kingdom of God is yours!

21“Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you will be satisfied!

“Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh!

22“Blessed are you when people hate you and exclude you and denounce you and spurn the name you bear as evil, on account of the Son of Man. 23Be glad when that happens, and leap for joy, for you will be richly rewarded in heaven, for that is the way their forefathers treated the prophets.

24“But alas for you who are rich, for you have had your comfort!

25“Alas for you who have plenty to eat now, for you will be hungry!

“Alas for you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep!

26“Alas for you when everyone speaks well of you, for that is the way their forefathers treated the false prophets!

27“But I tell you who hear me, love your enemies, treat those who hate you well, 28bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. 29To the man that strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also, and from the man who takes away your coat, do not keep back your shirt either. 30Give to everyone that asks of you, and if anyone takes away what is yours, do not demand it back. 31And treat men just as you wish them to treat you. 32If you love only those who love you, what merit is there in that? For even godless people love those who love them. 33And if you help only those who help you, what merit is there in that? Even godless people act in that way. 34And if you lend only to people from whom you expect to get something, what merit is there in that? Even godless people lend to godless people, meaning to get it back again in full. 35But love your enemies, and help them and lend to them, never despairing, and you will be richly rewarded, and you will be sons of the Most High, for he is kind even to the ungrateful and the wicked. 36You must be merciful, just as your Father is. 37Do not judge others, and they will not judge you. Do not condemn them, and they will not condemn you. Excuse others and they will excuse you. 38Give, and they will give to you; good measure, pressed down, shaken together, and running over, they will pour into your lap. For the measure you use with others they in turn will use with you.”

39And he used a figure saying,

“Can one blind man lead another? Will they not both fall into a hole? 40A pupil is not better than his teacher, but every pupil when he is fully trained will be like his teacher. 41Why do you keep looking at the speck in your brother’s eye, and pay no attention to the beam that is in your own? 42How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, just let me get that speck out of your eye,’ when you cannot see the beam in your own eye? You hypocrite! First get the beam out of your own eye, and then you can see to get out the speck in your brother’s eye. 43For sound trees do not bear bad fruit, nor bad trees sound fruit. 44Every tree is known by its fruit. They do not pick figs off thorns, or gather grapes from brambles. 45A good man, out of the good he has accumulated in his heart, produces good, and a bad man, out of what he has accumulated that is bad, produces what is bad. For his mouth says only what his heart is full of. 46Why do you call me: ‘Lord! Lord!’ and not do what I tell you? 47If anyone comes to me and listens to this teaching of mine and acts upon it, I will show you whom he is like. 48He is like a man who was building a house, who dug deep and laid his foundation upon the rock, and when there was a flood the torrent burst upon that house and could not shake it, because it was well built. 49But the man who listens to it, and does not act upon it, is like a man who built a house on the ground without any foundation. The torrent burst upon it, and it collapsed at once, and the wreck of that house was complete.”

Chapter 7

1When he had finished saying all this in the hearing of the people, he went to Capernaum.

2A Roman captain had a slave whom he thought a great deal of, and the slave was sick and at the point of death. 3When the captain heard about Jesus, he sent some Jewish elders to him, to ask him to come and save his slave’s life. 4And they went to Jesus and urged him strongly to do it, and said,

“He deserves to have you do this for him, 5for he loves our nation, and it was he who built us our synagogue.”

6So Jesus went with them. But when he was not far from the house, the captain sent some friends to him, to say to him,

“Master, do not take any more trouble, for I am not a suitable person to have you under my roof. 7That is why I did not think I was fit to come to you. But simply say the word, and have my servant cured. 8For I am myself under the orders of others, and I have soldiers under me, and I tell one to go, and he goes, and another to come, and he comes, and my slave to do something, and he does it.”

9When Jesus heard this, he was astonished at him, and turning to the crowd that was following him, he said,

“I tell you, I have not found such faith as this even in Israel!”

10And when the messengers went back to the house, they found the slave well.

11Soon afterward he happened to go to a town called Nain, and his disciples and a great throng of people were with him. 12As he came up to the gate of the town, a dead man was being carried out; he was his mother’s only son, and she was a widow. A crowd of the townspeople was with her. 13And when the Master saw her, he pitied her, and said to her,

“Do not weep.”

14And he went up and touched the bier, and the bearers stopped. And he said,

“Young man, I tell you, wake up!”

15And the dead man sat up and began to speak, and he gave him back to his mother. 16And they were all overcome with awe, and they praised God, and said,

“A great prophet has appeared among us!” and “God has not forgotten his people!”

17This story about him spread all over Judea and the surrounding country.

18John’s disciples told him of all this, 19and he called two of them to him, and sent them to the Master to ask him,

“Are you the one who was to come, or should we look for someone else?”

20And the men went to him and said,

“John the Baptist sent us to you to ask, ‘Are you the one who was to come, or should we look for someone else?’ ”

21Just then he cured many of diseases and ailments and evil spirits, and he gave sight to many who were blind. 22And he answered them,

“Go and report to John what you have seen and heard. The blind are regaining their sight, the lame can walk, the lepers are being cured and the deaf can hear, the dead are being raised and good news is being preached to the poor. 23And blessed is the man who finds nothing that repels him in me.”

24When John’s messengers were gone, he began to speak to the crowds about John.

“What was it that you went out into the desert to look at? A reed swaying in the wind? 25Then what did you go out there to see? A man luxuriously dressed? Men who wear fine clothes and live in luxury you find in palaces. 26Then what did you go out there to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and far more than a prophet! 27This is the man of whom the Scripture says,

“ ‘Here I send my messenger on before you,

He will prepare the road ahead of you!’

28“I tell you, among men born of women there is none greater than John; and yet those who are of little importance in the Kingdom of God are greater than he. 29And all the people, even the tax-collectors, when they heard him, acknowledged the justice of God’s demands, by accepting baptism from John, 30but the Pharisees and experts in the Law thwarted God’s purpose for themselves, by refusing to be baptized by him. 31So what is there to which I can compare the men of this age? What are they like? 32They are like children sitting about in the bazaar and calling out to one another,

“ ‘We have played the flute for you, and you would not dance!

We have wailed and you would not weep!’

33“For when John the Baptist came, he did not eat any bread or drink any wine, and you said, ‘He has a demon!’ 34Now that the Son of Man has come, he does eat and drink, and you say, ‘Look at him! A glutton and a drinker, the companion of tax-collectors and irreligious people!’ 35So wisdom is vindicated by all who are really wise.”

36One of the Pharisees asked him to have dinner with him, and he went to the Pharisee’s house and took his place at the table. 37Now there was a woman in the town who was leading a sinful life, and when she learned that he was having dinner at the Pharisee’s house, she got an alabaster flask of perfume, 38and came and stood behind him at his feet, weeping, and began to wet his feet with her tears, and she wiped them with her hair, and kissed them, and put the perfume on them. 39When the Pharisee who had invited him saw this, he said to himself,

“If this man were really a prophet, he would know who and what the woman is who is touching him, for she leads a wicked life.”

40Jesus answered him, and said to him,

“Simon, there is something I want to say to you.”

He said,

“Proceed, Master.”

41“Two men were in debt to a money-lender. One owed him a hundred dollars and the other ten. 42As they could not pay him, he canceled what they owed him. Now which of them will be more attached to him?”

43Simon answered,

“The one, I suppose, for whom he canceled most.”

“You are right,” he said. 44And turning to the woman, he said to Simon,

“Do you see this woman? I came to your house; you did not give me any water for my feet, but she has wet my feet with tears and wiped them with her hair. 45You did not give me a kiss, but from the moment I came in she has not stopped kissing my feet. 46You did not put any oil upon my head, but she has put perfume upon my feet. 47Therefore, I tell you, her sins, many as they are, are forgiven, for she has loved me so much. But the man with little to be forgiven loves me but little.”

48And he said to her,

“Your sins are forgiven!”

49The men at table with him began to say to themselves,

“Who is this man, who even forgives sins?”

50But he said to the woman,

“It is your faith that has saved you. Go in peace.”

Chapter 8

1Soon afterward he went about among the villages and towns preaching and telling the good news of the Kingdom of God. The Twelve went with him, 2and some women who had been cured of evil spirits and sickness—Mary, who was called Mary of Magdala, out of whom seven demons had been driven, 3and Joanna, the wife of Chuza, Herod’s manager, and Susanna, and many others, who provided for them with their means.

4When a great throng was gathering and people were coming to him from one town after another, he said in his figurative way,

5“A sower went out to sow his seed. As he was sowing, some of the seed fell by the path and was trodden on, and the wild birds ate it up. 6And some of it fell upon the rock, and when it sprang up it withered, because it had no moisture. 7And some fell among the thorns, and the thorns grew up with it and choked it out. 8And some fell on good soil, and grew up and yielded a hundred fold!”

As he said this he called out,

“Let him who has ears to hear with, listen!”

9His disciples asked him what this figure meant. 10And he said,

“You are permitted to know the secrets of the Kingdom of God, but they are given to others in the form of figures, so that they may look and yet not see, and hear and yet not understand. 11This is what the figure means. The seed is God’s message. 12The ones by the path are those who hear, and then the devil comes and carries off the message from their hearts, so that they may not believe it and be saved. 13The ones on the rock are those who receive the message joyfully when they first hear it, but it takes no real root. They believe for a little while, and then in the time of trial they draw back. 14And what falls among the thorns means those who listen and pass on, and the worries and wealth and pleasures of life stifle them and they yield nothing. 15But the seed in the good soil means those who listen to the message and keep it in good, true hearts, and yield unfailingly.

16“Nobody lights a lamp and then covers it with a dish or puts it under a bed, but he puts it on its stand, so that those who come in may see the light. 17For there is nothing hidden that shall not be disclosed, nor kept secret that shall not be known and come to light. 18So take care how you listen. For people who have will have more given to them, and from people who have nothing, even what they think they have will be taken away.”

19His mother and his brothers came to him, but they could not get near him, on account of the crowd. 20And the word came to him,

“Your mother and your brothers are standing outside; they want to see you.”

21He answered,

“My mother and my brothers are those who listen to God’s message and obey it!”

22It happened one day that he got into a boat with his disciples, and said to them,

“Let us cross to the other side of the lake.”

23So they set sail. As they sailed along, he fell asleep. And a squall of wind came down upon the lake, and they were being swamped and were in peril. 24And they went to him and woke him up, and said to him,

“Master! Master! We are lost!”

Then he awoke and reproved the wind and the rough water, and they ceased, and there was a calm. 25And he said to them,

“Where is your faith?”

But they were frightened and amazed, and said to one another,

“Who can he be? For he gives orders even to the winds and the water, and they obey him!”

26They made a landing in the neighborhood of Gerasa, which is just across the lake from Galilee. 27And when he landed, he met a man possessed by demons, who was coming out of the town. He had worn no clothing for a long time, and did not live in a house but in the tombs. 28When he saw Jesus he cried out and threw himself down before him, and said in a loud voice,

“What do you want of me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I beg you not to torture me!”

29For he was commanding the foul spirit to get out of the man. For it had often seized him, and though he had been fastened with chains and fetters, and was closely watched, he would snap his bonds and the demon would drive him away to the desert. 30And Jesus asked him,

“What is your name?”

He said,

“Legion!” For many demons had gone into him. 31And they begged him not to order them off to the bottomless pit. 32Now there was a large drove of pigs feeding there on the hillside, and they begged him to give them leave to go into them. And he did so. 33Then the demons came out of the man and went into the pigs, and the drove rushed over the steep bank into the lake, and were drowned. 34When the men who tended them saw what had happened, they ran away and spread the news in the town and in the country around. 35And the people came out to see what had happened, and they came to Jesus and found the man out of whom the demons had gone sitting there, at Jesus’ feet, with his clothes on and in his right mind, and they were frightened. 36And those who had seen it told them how the man who had been possessed was cured. 37Then all the people of the neighborhood of Gerasa asked him to go away from them, for they were terribly frightened. And he got into a boat and went back. 38The man out of whom the demons had gone begged to go with him, but Jesus sent him away, and said,

39“Go back to your home, and tell all that God has done for you.”

And he went and told all over the town what Jesus had done for him.

40When Jesus returned, the people welcomed him, for they were all watching for him. 41And a man named Jairus came up—he was leader of the synagogue—and he fell down at Jesus’ feet and begged him to come to his house, 42because he had an only daughter, about twelve years old, and she was dying. As he was going, the crowds of people almost crushed him. 43And a woman who had had a hemorrhage for twelve years, and whom nobody had been able to cure, 44came up behind him and touched the tassel of his cloak, and the hemorrhage stopped at once. 45Jesus said,

“Who was it who touched me?” And as everyone denied having done so, Peter said,

“Master, the people are all around you and they are crowding you.”

46But Jesus said,

“Somebody touched me, for I know that power passed from me.”

47When the woman saw that she had not escaped his notice, she came forward trembling, and fell down before him, and before all the people told why she had touched him, and how she had been cured at once. 48And he said to her,

“My daughter, it is your faith that has cured you. Go in peace.”

49Even as he spoke someone came from the house of the leader of the synagogue and said,

“Your daughter is dead. Do not trouble the Master any more.”

50But Jesus heard it and said to him,

“Do not be afraid; just have faith, and she will get well.”

51When he got to the house, he let no one go in with him but Peter, John, and James, and the child’s father and mother. 52And they were all wailing and beating their breasts for her. But he said,

“Stop wailing! For she is not dead, she is asleep.”

53And they laughed at him, for they knew that she was dead. 54But he grasped her hand and called out,

“Get up, my child!”

55And her spirit returned and she stood up immediately, and he directed them to give her something to eat. 56And her parents were amazed, but he ordered them not to tell anyone what had happened.

Chapter 9

1Then he called the Twelve together, and gave them power and authority over all the demons, and to cure diseases, 2and he sent them out to proclaim the Kingdom of God and to cure the sick. 3He said to them,

“Do not take anything for your journey, no staff nor bag nor bread nor money, nor an extra shirt. 4Whatever house you go to stay in, remain there, and start on again from it. 5And where they will not welcome you, leave that town and shake off the very dust from your feet as a protest against them.”

6And they set forth and went from village to village, telling the good news and curing people everywhere.

7Herod the governor heard of all that was happening, and he was perplexed because some people said that John had risen from the dead, 8and some that Elijah had appeared, and others that one of the ancient prophets had come back to life. 9But Herod said,

“John I have beheaded, but who can this be about whom I hear such reports?”

And he endeavored to see him.

10Then the apostles came back and told Jesus what they had done. And he took them and quietly retired to a town called Bethsaida. 11But the crowds learned of it and followed him, and he welcomed them and spoke to them about the Kingdom of God, and he cured those who needed to be cured. 12When the day began to decline, the Twelve came up and said to him,

“Send the crowd away to the villages and farms around to find food and shelter, for we are in a lonely place here.”

13But he said to them,

“Give them food yourselves!”

And they said,

“We have only five loaves and two fish, unless we go ourselves and buy food for all these people.” 14For there were about five thousand men.

But he said to his disciples,

“Have them sit down in groups of about fifty each.”

15And they did so, and made them all sit down. 16Then he took the five loaves and the two fish and looked up to heaven and blessed them, and he broke them in pieces and gave them to the disciples to pass to the people. 17And they all ate and had enough, and the pieces left over that were gathered up filled twelve baskets.

18Once when he was praying by himself, with only the disciples near him, he asked them,

“Who do the people say that I am?”

19They answered,

“John the Baptist, though others say Elijah, and others that one of the old prophets has come back to life.”

20And he said to them,

“But who do you say that I am?”

Peter answered,

“The Christ of God!”

21But he warned them particularly not to tell this to anyone, 22and said,

“The Son of Man must endure great suffering and be refused by the elders, the high priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and be raised to life on the third day.”

23And he said to everyone,

“If anyone wants to go with me, he must disregard himself, and take his cross day after day and follow me. 24For whoever wants to preserve his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for me will preserve it. 25What good does it do a man to gain the whole world and lose or forfeit himself? 26For if anyone is ashamed of me and my teaching the Son of Man will be ashamed of him, when he comes with all the glory of his Father and of the holy angels. 27I tell you, some of you who stand here will certainly live to see the Kingdom of God!”

28It was about eight days after Jesus said this that he took Peter, John, and James, and went up on the mountain to pray. 29And as he was praying, the look of his face changed and his clothes turned dazzling white. 30And two men were talking with him. They were Moses and Elijah, 31and they appeared in glory and spoke of his departure which he was to go through with at Jerusalem. 32Peter and his companions had been overcome by sleep, but waking up they saw his glorious appearance and the two men standing by him. 33Just as they were parting from him, Peter said to Jesus,

“Master, how good it is that we are here! Let us put up three huts, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah!” For he did not know what he was saying.

34But as he said it, a cloud came and overshadowed them, and they were frightened as they passed under the cloud. 35And from the cloud came a voice that said,

“This is my Son, my Chosen! Listen to him!”

36At the sound of the voice, they saw that Jesus was alone. And they kept silence, and said nothing about it to anyone at that time.

37The next day, when they had come down from the mountain, it happened that a great crowd met him. 38And a man in the crowd shouted,

“Master, I beg you to look at my son, for he is my only child, 39and all at once a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries out, and it convulses him until he foams at the mouth, and it leaves him, after a struggle, badly bruised. 40And I begged your disciples to drive it out, and they could not.”

41Jesus answered,

“O you unbelieving, obstinate people! How long must I be with you and put up with you? Bring your son here!”

42Even while the boy was coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him, but Jesus reproved the foul spirit and cured the boy and gave him back to his father. 43And they were all amazed at the power of God.

While everybody was full of wonder at all that he was doing, he said to his disciples,

44“You must store up these teachings in your minds, for the Son of Man is going to be handed over to men.”

45But they did not understand what he meant, indeed it was concealed from them, in order that they might not comprehend it, and they were afraid to ask him what he meant.

46A discussion arose among them as to which of them would be the greatest. 47But Jesus knew the question that was in their minds and he took a child and made him stand by his side, 48and said to them,

“Whoever welcomes this child on my account is welcoming me, and whoever welcomes me, welcomes him who has sent me. For it is the lowliest among you all who is really great.”

49John answered,

“Master, we saw a man driving out demons with your name, and we told him not to do so, for he does not go with us.”

50Jesus said to him,

“Do not try to stop him, for the man who is not against you is for you.”

51As the time approached when he was to be taken up to heaven, he set his face toward Jerusalem, 52and sent messengers before him. They started out and went into a Samaritan village, to make preparations for him. 53And the people there would not receive him, because he was going to Jerusalem. 54When the disciples, James and John, saw this, they said,

“Master, will you have us order fire to come down from heaven and consume them?”

55But he turned and reproved them. 56And they went on to another village.

57As they were going along the road, a man said to him,

“I will follow you wherever you go.”

58Jesus said to him,

“Foxes have holes, and wild birds have nests, but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay his head!”

59He said to another,

“Follow me.”

But he said,

“Let me first go and bury my father.”

60Jesus said to him,

“Leave the dead to bury their own dead; you must go and spread the news of the Kingdom of God!”

61Yet another man said to him,

“Master, I am going to follow you, but let me first say goodbye to my people at home.”

62Jesus said to him,

“No one who puts his hand to the plough, and then looks back, is fitted for the Kingdom of God.”

Chapter 10

1After this the Master appointed seventy-two others, and sent them on before him, two by two, to every town or place to which he intended to come.

2And he said to them,

“The harvest is abundant enough, but the reapers are few. So pray to the owner of the harvest to send reapers to gather it. 3Now go. Here I send you out like lambs among wolves. 4Carry no purse nor wallet nor shoes, and do not stop to exchange civilities with anyone on the way. 5Whenever you go to stay at a house, first say, ‘Peace to this household!’ 6If there is anyone there who loves peace, your blessing will rest upon him, but if there is not, it will come back to you. 7Stay at the same house, eating and drinking what they offer you, for the workman deserves his pay. Do not change from one house to another. 8Whenever you come to a town and they welcome you, eat what is offered you, 9and cure the sick there, and say to them, ‘The Kingdom of God is close upon you!’ 10But whenever you come to a town and they do not welcome you, go out into the open streets and say, 11‘The very dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off in protest. But understand this: the Kingdom of God is at hand!’ 12I tell you, on that Day Sodom will fare better than that town! 13Alas for you, Chorazin! Alas for you, Bethsaida! For if the wonders that have been done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes! 14But Tyre and Sidon will fare better than you at the Judgment! 15And you, Capernaum! Are you to be exalted to the skies? You will go down among the dead! 16Whoever listens to you listens to me, and whoever disregards you disregards me, and whoever disregards me disregards him who sent me.”

17The seventy-two came back delighted, and said,

“Master, when we use your name the very demons submit to us!”

18He said to them,

“I saw Satan fall from heaven like a flash of lightning! 19Here I have given you the power to tread on snakes and scorpions, and to trample on all the power of the enemy. Nothing will hurt you at all. 20But do not be glad that the spirits submit to you, but be glad that your names are enrolled in heaven.”

21At that moment he was inspired with joy, and said,

“I thank you, Father, Lord of heaven and earth, for hiding all this from the learned and intelligent, and revealing it to children! Yes, I thank you, Father, for choosing to have it so! 22Everything has been handed over to me by my Father, and no one knows who the Son is but the Father, nor who the Father is but the Son, and anyone to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.”

23And he turned to his disciples when they were alone, and said,

“Blessed are the eyes that see what you see! 24For I tell you, many prophets and kings have wished to see what you see, and could not see it, and to hear what you hear, and could not hear it!”

25Then an expert in the Law got up to test him and said,

“Master, what must I do to make sure of eternal life?”

26Jesus said to him,

“What does the Law say? How does it read?”

27He answered,

“ ‘You must love the Lord your God with your whole heart, your whole soul, your whole strength, and your whole mind,’ and ‘your neighbor as you do yourself.’ ”

28Jesus said to him,

“You are right. Do that, and you will live.”

29But he, wishing to justify his question, said,

“And who is my neighbor?”

30Jesus replied,

“A man was on his way down from Jerusalem to Jericho, when he fell into the hands of robbers, and they stripped him and beat him and went off leaving him half dead. 31Now a priest happened to be going that way, and when he saw him, he went by on the other side of the road. 32And a Levite also came to the place, and when he saw him, he went by on the other side. 33But a Samaritan who was traveling that way came upon him, and when he saw him he pitied him, 34and he went up to him and dressed his wounds with oil and wine and bound them up. And he put him on his own mule and brought him to an inn and took care of him. 35The next day he took out a dollar and gave it to the innkeeper and said, ‘Take care of him, and whatever more you spend I will refund to you on my way back.’ 36Which of these three do you think proved himself a neighbor to the man who fell into the robbers’ hands?”

37He said,

“The man who took pity on him.”

Jesus said to him,

“Go and do so yourself!”

38As they continued their journey, he came to a certain village, and a woman named Martha welcomed him to her house. 39She had a sister named Mary, who seated herself at the Master’s feet, and listened to what he was saying. 40But Martha was worried with all she had to do for them, and she came up and said,

“Master, does it make no difference to you that my sister has left me to do all the work alone? Tell her to help me.”

41The Master answered,

“Martha, Martha, you are worried and anxious about many things, 42but our wants are few, indeed there is only one thing we need. For Mary has chosen the right thing, and it must not be taken away from her.”

Chapter 11

1Once as he was praying in a certain place, when he stopped, one of his disciples said to him,

“Master, teach us to pray, as John taught his disciples.”

2He said to them,

“When you pray, say, ‘Father, your name be revered! Your kingdom come! 3Give us each day our bread for the day, 4and forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive anyone who wrongs us; and do not subject us to temptation.’ ”

5And he said to them,

“Suppose one of you has a friend, and goes to him in the middle of the night, and says to him, ‘Friend, lend me three loaves, 6for a friend of mine has just come to my house after a journey, and I have nothing for him to eat,’ 7and he answers from inside, ‘Do not bother me; the door is now fastened, and my children and I have gone to bed; I cannot get up and give you any.’ 8I tell you, even if he will not get up and give him some because he is his friend, yet because of his persistence he will rouse himself and give him all he needs. 9So I tell you, ask, and what you ask will be given you. Search, and you will find what you search for. Knock, and the door will open to you. 10For it is always the one who asks who receives, and the one who searches who finds, and the one who knocks to whom the door opens. 11Which of you fathers, if his son asks him for a fish will give him a snake instead? 12Or if he asks for an egg, will give him a scorpion? 13So if you, bad as you are, know enough to give your children what is good, how much more surely will your Father in heaven give the holy Spirit to those who ask him for it!”

14Once he was driving out a dumb demon, and when the demon was gone the dumb man spoke. And the people were amazed. 15But some of them said,

“It is with the aid of Beelzebub, the prince of the demons, that he drives the demons out.”

16Others to test him asked him for a sign from heaven. 17But he knew what they were thinking, and he said to them,

“Any kingdom that is disunited is on the way to destruction, and one house falls after another. 18And if Satan is disunited, how can his kingdom last? Because you say that I drive out demons with Beelzebub’s aid. 19But if it is with his aid that I drive out demons, by whose do your sons drive them out? Therefore, they shall be your judges. 20But if it is with the finger of God that I am driving the demons out, then the Kingdom of God has overtaken you. 21When a strong man fully armed guards his own dwelling, his property is undisturbed. 22But when somebody stronger than he attacks him and overcomes him, he strips him of the arms that he relied on, and divides up the spoils. 23Anyone who is not with me is against me, and anyone who does not join me in gathering, scatters. 24When a foul spirit goes out of a man, it roams through deserts in search of rest, and when it finds none, it says, ‘I will go back to my house that I left.’ 25And it goes and finds it unoccupied, cleaned, and all in order. 26Then it goes and gets seven other spirits more wicked than itself, and they go in and live there, and in the end the man is worse off than he was before.”

27As he said this, a woman in the crowd raised her voice and said to him,

“Blessed is the mother who bore you and nursed you!”

28But he said,

“You might better say, ‘Blessed are those who hear God’s message and observe it!’ ”

29As the crowds pressed a round him, he went on to say,

“This is a wicked age! It demands a sign, and no sign will be given it but the sign of Jonah. 30For just as Jonah became a sign to the people of Nineveh, so the Son of Man will be a sign to this age. 31The queen of the south will rise with the men of this generation at the Judgment and will condemn them, for she came from the very ends of the earth to listen to Solomon’s wisdom, and there is more than Solomon here! 32Men of Nineveh will rise with this generation at the Judgment and will condemn it, for they repented at Jonah’s preaching, and there is more than Jonah here. 33No one lights a lamp and puts it in the cellar or under a peck measure; he puts it on its stand, so that people who come in can see the light. 34Your eye is the lamp of your body. When your eye is sound, your whole body is light, but when it is unsound, your body is dark. 35So take care! Your very light may be darkness! 36If, therefore, your whole body is light with no darkness in it at all, it will all be as light as a lamp makes things for you by its light.”

37When he said this, a Pharisee asked him to lunch with him, and he went to his house and took his place at table. 38The Pharisee noticed that he did not wash before the meal, and he was surprised. 39But the Master said to him,

“You Pharisees clean the outside of cups and dishes, but inside you are full of greed and wickedness. 40You fools! Did not the Creator of the outside make the inside too? 41But give your inmost life as charity, and you will immediately find everything clean. 42But alas for you Pharisees! For you pay tithes on mint, rue, and every tiny herb, and disregard justice and the love of God. But you should have observed these, without neglecting the others. 43Alas for you Pharisees! For you love to have the front seat in the synagogues and to be saluted with respect in public places. 44Alas for you! For you are like unmarked graves which men tread upon without knowing it.”

45At this, one of the experts in the Law said to him,

“Master, when you say that, you affront us too.”

46But he said,

“Yes, alas for you experts in the Law too! For you load men with burdens they can hardly carry, and you will not touch them yourselves with a single finger. 47Alas for you! For you build monuments for the prophets, whom your forefathers killed. 48So you testify to what your fathers did and approve it, for they killed them and you build their monuments. 49This is why the Wisdom of God said, ‘I will send prophets and apostles to them, and some of them they will kill and some they will persecute’— 50so that this age may be charged with the blood of all the prophets that has been shed since the creation of the world, 51from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. Yes, I tell you! This age will be charged with it all! 52Alas for you experts in the Law! For you have taken the key to the door of knowledge, but you have not entered it yourselves, and you have kept out those who tried to enter.”

53After he left the house, the scribes and the Pharisees began to watch him closely and to try to draw him out on many subjects, 54plotting to entrap him in something he might say.

Chapter 12

1Meanwhile as the people gathered in thousands, until they actually trod on one another, he proceeded to say to his disciples first of all,

“Beware of the yeast of the Pharisees, that is, hypocrisy. 2There is nothing covered up that is not going to be uncovered, nor secret that is not going to be known. 3For what you say in the darkness will be heard in the light, and what you whisper in someone’s ear, behind closed doors, will be proclaimed from the housetops. 4I tell you, who are my friends, have no fear of those who kill the body, and after that can do no more. 5I will show you whom to fear: fear him who, after killing you, has power to hurl you into the pit. Yes, fear him, I tell you. 6Do not sparrows sell five for two cents? And yet not one of them is forgotten in God’s sight. 7But the very hairs on your heads are all counted! You must not be afraid, you are worth more than a great many sparrows! 8I tell you, everyone who will acknowledge me before men, the Son of Man will acknowledge before the angels of God, 9but anyone who disowns me before men will be disowned before the angels of God. 10And anyone who speaks against the Son of Man will be forgiven for it, but no one who reviles the holy Spirit will be forgiven. 11When they bring you before the synagogues or the magistrates or the authorities, you must have no anxiety about how to defend yourselves or what to say, 12for at the very moment the holy Spirit will teach you what you ought to say.”

13Someone in the crowd said to him,

“Master, tell my brother to give me my share of our inheritance.”

14But he said to him,

“Who made me a judge or arbitrator of your affairs?”

15And he said to them,

“Take care! You must be on your guard against any form of greed, for a man’s life does not belong to him, no matter how rich he is.”

16And he told them this story:

“A certain rich man’s lands yielded heavily. 17And he said to himself, ‘What am I going to do, for I have nowhere to store my crops?’ 18Then he said, ‘This is what I will do; I will tear down my barns and build larger ones, and in them I will store all my grain and my goods. 19And I will say to my soul, “Soul, you have great wealth stored up for years to come. Now take your ease; eat, drink, and enjoy yourself.” ’ 20But God said to him, ‘You fool! This very night your soul will be demanded of you. Then who will have all you have prepared?’ 21That is the way with the man who lays up money for himself, and is not rich with God.”

22And he said to his disciples,

“Therefore, I tell you, do not worry about life, wondering what you will have to eat, or about your body, wondering what you will have to wear. 23Life is more important than food, and the body than clothes. 24Think of the crows! They do not sow or reap, and they have no storehouses or barns, and God feeds them. How much more you are worth than the birds! 25Which of you with all his worry can add a single hour to his life? 26So if you cannot do the least good, why should you worry about the rest? 27See how the lilies grow. They do not toil or spin, but, I tell you, even Solomon in all his splendor was never dressed like one of them. 28But if God so dresses the wild grass, which is alive today, and is thrown into the furnace tomorrow, how much more surely will he clothe you, who have so little faith? 29So you must not ask what you are to have to eat or drink, and you must not be anxious about it. 30For these are all things the nations of the world are in pursuit of, and your Father knows well that you need them. 31But you must strive to find his kingdom, and you will have these other things besides. 32Do not be afraid, little flock, for your Father has chosen to give you the kingdom. 33Sell what belongs to you, and give away the money! Get yourselves purses that will never wear out, inexhaustible riches in heaven, where thieves cannot get near nor moths destroy. 34For wherever your treasure is, your heart will be too. 35You must be ready with your lamps burning, 36like men waiting for their master to come home from a wedding, so that when he comes and knocks, they can open the door for him at once. 37Blessed are the slaves whom their master will find on the watch when he comes. I tell you, he will gird up his robe and make them take their places at table, and go around and wait on them. 38Whether he comes late at night or early in the morning and finds them on the watch, they are blessed. 39But you may be sure of this, that if the master of the house had known what time the thief was coming, he would have been on the watch, and would not have let his house be broken into. 40You must be ready too, for the Son of Man is coming at a time when you do not expect him.”

41Peter said to him,

“Master, do you mean this figure for us, or is it for everybody?”

42And the Master said,

“Who then will be the faithful, thoughtful manager, whom his master will put in charge of his household, to give the members of it their supplies at the proper time? 43Blessed is that slave if his master when he returns finds him doing it. 44I tell you, he will put him in charge of all his property. 45But if the slave says to himself, ‘My master is not coming back for a long time,’ and begins to beat the men and women slaves and to eat and drink and get drunk, 46that slave’s master will come back some day when he does not expect him, and at some time of which he does not know, and will cut him in two, and put him with the unbelievers. 47The slave who knows his master’s wishes, but does not get ready or act upon them, will be severely punished. 48But one who does wrong without knowing them will be lightly punished. From anyone who has been given much, much will be required, and of the man to whom people have intrusted much, they will demand even more. 49I have come to bring fire down to the earth, and how I wish it were kindled already! 50I have a baptism to undergo, and how distressed I am till it is over! 51Do you think I have come to bring peace to the earth? Not peace, I tell you, but discord! 52For from now on if there are five people in a house they will be divided three against two and two against three. 53Father will be against son, and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law.”

54And he said to the crowds,

“When you see a cloud rise in the west, you say at once, ‘It is going to rain,’ and it does. 55And when you see the south wind blowing, you say, ‘It is going to be very hot,’ and it is. 56You hypocrites! You know how to interpret the look of the earth and sky; and why can you not interpret this present time? 57Why do you not decide what is right yourselves? 58For when you are going before the magistrate with your opponent, do your best on the way to get rid of him, or he may hurry you off to the judge and the judge hand you over to the constable and the constable throw you into prison. 59I tell you, you will never get out again until you have paid the last cent!”

Chapter 13

1Just then some people came up to bring him word of the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with that of their sacrifices. 2And he answered,

“Do you think, because this happened to them, that these Galileans were worse sinners than any other Galileans? 3No, I tell you; unless you repent, you will all perish as they did! 4Or those eighteen people at Siloam who were killed when the tower fell upon them—do you think they were worse offenders than all the other people who live in Jerusalem? 5No, I tell you; unless you repent, you will all perish as they did!”

6He used this figure:

“A man had a fig tree growing in his garden, and he went to look for fruit on it, and could not find any. 7And he said to the gardener, ‘Here I have come three years to look for fruit on this fig tree, without finding any. Cut it down. Why should it waste the ground?’ 8He answered, ‘Let it stand this one year more, sir, till I dig around it and manure it; 9perhaps it will bear fruit next year. But if it does not, you can have it cut down.’ ”

10One Sabbath he was teaching in one of the synagogues, 11and there was a woman there who for eighteen years had had a sickness caused by a spirit. She was bent double and could not straighten herself up at all. 12When Jesus saw her he called to her,

“You are freed from your sickness!”

13And he laid his hands on her, and she instantly became erect, and praised God. 14But the leader of the synagogue, in his vexation because Jesus had cured her on the Sabbath, spoke out and said to the crowd,

“There are six days on which it is right to work. Come on them and be cured, but not on the Sabbath day.”

15But the Master answered,

“You hypocrites! Does not every one of you untie his ox or his donkey from the stall on the Sabbath and lead him away to water him? 16And did not this woman, who is a descendant of Abraham, whom Satan has kept bound for eighteen years, have to be released from those bonds on the Sabbath day?”

17When he said this, all his opponents were humiliated, and all the people were delighted at all the splendid things that he did.

18He said, therefore,

“What is the Kingdom of God like, and to what can I compare it? 19It is like a mustard seed that a man took and dropped in his garden, and it grew and became a tree, and the wild birds roosted on its branches.”

20And he went on,

“To what can I compare the Kingdom of God? 21It is like yeast that a woman took and hid in a bushel of flour, till it all rose.”

22So he went about among the towns and villages, teaching and making his way toward Jerusalem. 23And someone said to him,

“Are only a few to be saved, Master?”

He said to them,

24“You must strain every nerve to get in through the narrow door, for I tell you many will try to get in, and will not succeed, 25when the master of the house gets up and shuts the door, and you begin to stand outside and to knock on the door, and say, ‘Open it for us, sir!’ Then he will answer you and say, ‘I do not know where you come from,’ 26Then you will go on to say, ‘We have been entertained with you, and you have taught in our streets!’ 27And he will say to you, ‘I do not know where you come from. Get away from me, all you wrongdoers!’ 28There you will weep and gnash your teeth when you see Abraham and Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the Kingdom of God, while you are put outside. 29People will come from the east and west and the north and south, and take their places in the Kingdom of God. 30There are those now last who will then be first, and there are those now first who will be last.”

31Just then some Pharisees came up and said to him,

“Go! Get away from here, for Herod wants to kill you!”

32He said to them,

“Go and say to that fox, ‘Here I am, driving out demons and performing cures, today and tomorrow, and on the third day I will be through. 33But I must go on today and tomorrow and the next day, for it is not right for a prophet to die outside Jerusalem.’ 34O Jerusalem! Jerusalem! murdering the prophets, and stoning those who are sent to her, how often I have longed to gather your children around me, as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, but you refused! 35Now I leave you to yourselves. And I tell you, you will never see me again until you say, ‘Blessed be he who comes in the Lord’s name!’ ”

Chapter 14

1One Sabbath, when he went to take a meal at the house of a member of the council who was a Pharisee, they were watching him closely. 2There was a man in front of him who had dropsy. 3And Jesus said to the Pharisees and the experts in the Law,

“Is it right to cure people on the Sabbath or not?”

4But they made no answer. And he took hold of the man and cured him and sent him away. 5Then he said to them,

“Who among you, if his child or his ox falls into a well, will not pull him out at once on the Sabbath?” 6And they could make no reply to this.

7He noticed that the guests picked out the best places, and he gave them this illustration:

8“When someone invites you to a wedding supper, do not take the best place, for someone more distinguished than you are may have been invited, 9and your host will come and say to you ‘Make room for this man,’ and then you will proceed in confusion to take the poorest place. 10But when you are invited anywhere, go and take the poorest place, so that when your host comes in, he will say to you, ‘My friend, come to a better place.’ So you will be shown consideration before all the other guests. 11For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the man who humbles himself will be exalted.”

12And he said to the man who had invited him,

“When you give a luncheon or a dinner, do not invite your friends or your brothers or your relatives or your rich neighbors, for then they will invite you in return and you will be repaid. 13But when you give an entertainment, invite people who are poor, maimed, lame, or blind. 14Then you will be blessed, because they cannot repay you; for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the upright.”

15One of the other guests heard this, and said to him,

“Blessed is the man who shall be at the banquet in the Kingdom of God!”

16He said to him,

“A man once gave a great dinner, and invited a large number to it, 17and when the dinner hour came, he sent around his slave, to say to those who were invited, ‘Come! for it is now ready!’ 18And they all immediately began to excuse themselves. The first one said to him, ‘I have bought a piece of land, and I must go and look at it. Please have me excused.’ 19Another said, ‘I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I am going to examine them. Please have me excused.’ 20Another said, ‘I have married, and so I cannot come.’ 21So the slave went back, and reported this to his master. Then the master of the house was angry and said to his slave, ‘Hurry out into the streets and squares of the city, and bring the poor, the maimed, the blind, and the lame in here!’ 22And the slave said, ‘What you ordered, sir, has been done, and there is still room.’ 23And the master said to the slave, ‘Go out on the roads, and among the hedges, and make them come in so that my house may be full. 24For I tell you that none of those men who were invited shall have any of my dinner!’ ”

25There were great crowds accompanying him, and once he turned and said to them,

26“If anyone comes to me without hating his own father and mother and wife and children and brothers and sisters, and his very life too, he cannot be a disciple of mine. 27For no one who does not take up his own cross and come after me can be a disciple of mine. 28What man among you if he wishes to build a tower does not first sit down and estimate the cost of it, to see whether he has enough to complete it? 29Or else when he has laid his foundation and cannot finish the building, everyone who sees it will begin to ridicule him, 30and say, ‘This man started to erect a building, and could not finish it!’ 31Or what king, if he is going to meet another king in battle, does not sit down first and consider whether he is able with ten thousand men to meet the other who is coming against him with twenty thousand? 32And if he cannot, while the other is still far away, he sends envoys to him and asks on what terms he will make peace. 33In just that way, no one of you who does not say goodbye to all he has can be a disciple of mine. 34Salt is good; but if salt loses its strength, what can it be seasoned with? 35It is fit neither for the ground nor the manure heap; people throw it away. Let him who has ears to hear with, listen!”

Chapter 15

1All the tax-collectors and irreligious people were crowding up to hear him. 2And the Pharisees and scribes grumbled, and said,

“This man welcomes irreligious people, and even eats with them!”

3So in speaking to them he used this figure:

4“What man among you, if he has a hundred sheep, and loses one of them, does not leave the ninety-nine in the wilderness, and go in search of the one that is lost, until he finds it? 5And when he finds it, he puts it on his shoulders with joy, 6and when he reaches home, he calls in his friends and neighbors, and says to them, ‘Congratulate me, for I have found my lost sheep!’ 7I tell you, in just that way there will be more joy in heaven over one sinful person who repents, than over ninety-nine upright people who do not need any repentance. 8Or what woman who has ten silver coins and loses one, does not light the lamp and sweep the house and look carefully until she finds it? 9And when she finds it, she calls in her friends and neighbors, and says to them, ‘Congratulate me, for I have found the coin that I lost!’ 10In just that way, I tell you, there is joy among the angels of God over one sinful person who repents!”

11And he said,

“A man had two sons. 12The younger of them said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of the property.’ So he divided his property between them.

13Not many days later, the younger son gathered up all he had, and went away to a distant country, and there he squandered his property by fast living. 14After he had spent it all, a severe famine arose in that country, and he began to be in want. 15And he went and hired himself out to a resident of the country, and he sent him into his fields to tend pigs. 16And he was ready to fill himself with the pods the pigs were eating, and no one would give him anything. 17When he came to himself he said, ‘How many hired men my father has, who have more than enough to eat, and here I am, dying of hunger! 18I will get up, and go to my father, and say to him, “Father, I have sinned against heaven and in your eyes; 19I no longer deserve to be called your son; treat me like one of your hired men!” ’ 20And he got up and went to his father. But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him, and pitied him, and ran and fell on his neck, and kissed him. 21His son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven, and in your eyes; I no longer deserve to be called your son; treat me like one of your hired men!’ 22But his father said to his slaves, ‘Make haste and get out the best robe, and put it on him, and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet; 23and get the calf we are fattening, and kill it, and let us feast and celebrate, 24for my son here was dead, and he has come to life; he was lost, and he is found!’ So they began to celebrate. 25But his elder son was in the field. When he came in and approached the house, he heard music and dancing, 26and he called one of the servants to him and asked him what it meant. 27He said to him, ‘Your brother has come, and your father has killed the calf he has been fattening, because he has gotten him back alive and well.’ 28But he was angry and would not go into the house. And his father came out and urged him. 29And he said to his father, ‘Here I have served you all these years, and have never disobeyed an order of yours, and you have never given me a kid, so that I could entertain my friends. 30But when your son here came, who has eaten up your property with women of the street, for him you killed the calf you have been fattening!’ 31But he said to him, ‘My child, you have been with me all the time, and everything I have is yours. 32But we had to celebrate and be glad, because your brother was dead, and has come to life, and was lost and is found!’ ”

Chapter 16

1And he said to his disciples,

“There was a rich man who had a manager, and it was reported to him that this man was squandering his property. 2So he called him in and said to him, ‘What is this that I hear about you? Make an accounting for your conduct of my affairs, for you cannot be manager any longer!’ 3Then the manager said to himself, ‘What am I going to do, because my master is going to take my position away from me? I cannot dig; I am ashamed to beg. 4I know what I will do, so that when I am removed from my position people will take me into their homes.’ 5Then he called in each of his master’s debtors, and he said to the first one, ‘How much do you owe my master?’ 6He said, ‘Eight hundred gallons of oil.’ And he said to him, ‘Here is your agreement; sit right down and write four hundred!’ 7Then he said to another, ‘And how much do you owe?’ He answered, ‘Fifteen hundred bushels of wheat.’ He said to him, ‘Here is your agreement; write twelve hundred.’ 8And his master praised the dishonest manager, because he had acted shrewdly. For the sons of this age are shrewder in their relation to their own age than the sons of the light. 9So I tell you, make friends for yourselves with your ill-gotten wealth, so that when it fails, they may take you into the eternal dwellings. 10The man who can be trusted in a very small matter can be trusted in a large one, and the man who cannot be trusted in a very small matter cannot be trusted in a large one. 11So if you have proved untrustworthy in using your ill-gotten wealth, who will trust you with true riches? 12And if you have been untrustworthy about what belonged to someone else, who will give you what belongs to you? 13No servant can belong to two masters, for he will either hate one and love the other, or he will stand by one and make light of the other. You cannot serve God and money!”

14The Pharisees, who were avaricious, heard all this, and they ridiculed him. 15And he said to them,

“You are the men who parade your uprightness before people, but God knows your hearts. For what men consider great is detestable in the sight of God. 16Until John came, it was the Law and the Prophets. From that time the Kingdom of God has been proclaimed, and everyone has been crowding into it. 17But it is easier for heaven and earth to pass away than for one dotting of an i in the Law to go unfulfilled. 18Anyone who divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery, and whoever marries a woman who has been divorced from her husband commits adultery.

19“There was once a rich man, who used to dress in purple and fine linen, and to live in luxury every day. 20And a beggar named Lazarus was put down at his gate covered with sores 21and eager to satisfy his hunger with what was thrown away from the rich man’s table. Why, the very dogs came and licked his sores. 22And it came about that the beggar died and was carried away by the angels to the companionship of Abraham, and the rich man too died and was buried. 23And in Hades he looked up, tormented as he was, and saw Abraham far away, with Lazarus beside him. 24And he called to him and said, ‘Father Abraham! take pity on me, and send Lazarus to dip the tip of his finger in water and cool my tongue, for I am in torment, here in the flames!’ 25And Abraham said, ‘My child, remember that you received your blessings in your lifetime, and Lazarus had his misfortunes in his; and now he is being comforted here, while you are in anguish. 26Besides there is a great chasm set between you and us, so that those who want to go over from this side to you cannot, and they cannot cross from your side to us.’ 27And he said, ‘Then I beg you, father, to send him to my father’s house, 28for I have five brothers; let him warn them so that they will not also come to this place of torture.’ 29Abraham answered, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let them listen to them.’ 30But he said, ‘No! Father Abraham, but if someone will go to them from the dead, they will repent!’ 31He answered, ‘If they will not listen to Moses and the prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead!’ ”

Chapter 17

1And he said to his disciples,

“It is inevitable that hindrances should arise, but alas for the man who causes them! 2He might better have a millstone hung around his neck, and be thrown into the sea, than be a hindrance to one of these humble people. 3Look out for yourselves! If your brother wrongs you, take it up with him, and if he repents, forgive him. 4And if he wrongs you seven times a day, and seven times turns to you and says, ‘I am sorry,’ you must forgive him.”

5The apostles said to the Master, “Give us more faith.”

6And the Master said,

“If your faith is as big as a mustard seed, you might have said to this mulberry tree, ‘Be pulled up by the roots and planted in the sea,’ and it would have obeyed you!

7“What man among you, if he has a servant ploughing or keeping sheep, will say to him when he comes in from the field, ‘Come at once and sit down at the table,’ 8instead of saying to him, ‘Get my supper ready, and dress yourself, and wait on me while I eat and drink, and you can eat and drink afterward’? 9Is he grateful to the slave for doing what he has been ordered to do? 10So you also, when you do all you have been ordered to do, must say, ‘We are good-for-nothing slaves! We have done only what we ought to have done!’ ”

11It happened that, on his way to Jerusalem, he passed through Samaria and Galilee. 12And as he was going into one village he met ten lepers, and they stood at some distance from him, 13and raising their voices, said,

“Jesus, Master, take pity on us!”

14And when he saw them, he said to them,

“Go and show yourselves to the priests.”

And as they went they were cured. 15But one of them, when he saw that he was cured, came back, loudly praising God, 16and fell on his face at Jesus’ feet, and thanked him. He was a Samaritan. 17And Jesus said,

“Were not all ten cured? Where are the other nine? 18Was no one found to return and give thanks to God except this foreigner?”

19And he said to him,

“Stand up and go! Your faith has cured you.”

20He was once asked by the Pharisees when the Kingdom of God would come, and he answered,

“The Kingdom of God is not coming visibly, 21and people will not say, ‘Look! here it is!’ or ‘There it is!’ for the Kingdom of God is within you.”

22And he said to his disciples,

“The time will come when you will long to see one of the days of the Son of Man, and you will not be able to do so. 23Men will say to you, ‘Look! There he is!’ or, ‘Look! Here he is!’ Do not go off in pursuit of him, 24for just as when the lightning flashes, it shines from one end of the sky to the other, that will be the way with the Son of Man. 25But first he must go through much suffering, and be refused by this age. 26In the time of the Son of Man it will be just as it was in the time of Noah. 27People went on eating, drinking, marrying, and being married up to the very day that Noah got into the ark and the flood came and destroyed them all. 28Or as it was in Lot’s time; they went on eating, drinking, buying, selling, planting, and building, 29but the day Lot left Sodom, it rained fire and brimstone from heaven and destroyed them all. 30It will be like that on the day when the Son of Man appears. 31A man who is on the roof of his house that day, with his goods in the house, must not go down to get them, and a man in the field, too, must not turn back. 32Remember Lot’s wife! 33Whoever tries to preserve his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life will preserve it. 34I tell you, there will be two men in the same bed that night; one will be taken and the other left. 35There will be two women grinding together; one will be taken and the other left!”

37They said to him,

“Where will this be, Master?”

And he said to them,

“Wherever there is a dead body the vultures will flock!”

Chapter 18

1He gave them an illustration to show that they must always pray and not give up, 2and he said,

“There was once in a city a judge who had no fear of God and no respect for men. 3There was a widow in the city and she came to him and said, ‘Protect me from my opponent.’ 4And he would not for a time, but afterward he said to himself, ‘Though I have no fear of God nor respect for men, 5yet because this widow bothers me, I will protect her, so that she may not finally wear me out with her coming.’ ”

6And the Master said,

“Listen to what this dishonest judge said! 7Then will not God provide protection for his chosen people, who cry out to him day and night? 8I tell you, he will make haste to provide it! But when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?”

9To some who were confident of their own uprightness, and thought nothing of others, he used this illustration:

10“Two men went up to the Temple to pray; one was a Pharisee and the other a tax-collector. 11The Pharisee stood up and uttered this prayer to himself: ‘O God, I thank you that I am not like other men, greedy, dishonest, or adulterous, like that tax-collector. 12I fast two days in the week; I pay tithes on everything I get.’ 13But the tax-collector stood at a distance and would not even raise his eyes to heaven, but struck his breast, and said, ‘O God, have mercy on a sinner like me!’ 14I tell you, it was he who went back to his house with God’s approval, and not the other. For everyone who exalts himself will be humbled, but the man who humbles himself will be exalted.”

15People brought babies to him to have him touch them, but the disciples, when they saw it, reproved them for it. 16But Jesus called them up to him and said,

“Let the children come to me and do not try to stop them, for the Kingdom of God belongs to such as they. 17I tell you, whoever does not accept the Kingdom of God like a child will not enter it at all.”

18A member of the council asked him,

“Good master, what must I do to make sure of eternal life?”

19Jesus said to him,

“Why do you call me good? No one is good but God himself. 20You know the commandments, ‘Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honor your father and mother.’ ”

21And he said,

“I have obeyed all these commandments ever since I was a child.”

22When Jesus heard this, he said to him,

“There is one thing that you still lack. Sell all that you have, and divide the money among the poor, and then you will have riches in heaven; and come back and be a follower of mine.”

23But when he heard that, he was much cast down, for he was very rich. 24And when Jesus saw it, he said,

“How hard it will be for those who have money to get into the Kingdom of God! 25It is easier for a camel to get through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to get into the Kingdom of God!”

26And those who heard it said,

“Then who can be saved?”

27And he said,

“The things that are impossible for men are possible for God!”

28Peter said,

“Here we have left home and followed you.”

29And he said to them,

“I tell you, there is no one who has given up home or wife or brothers or parents or children for the Kingdom of God 30who will not receive many times more in this time, and in the coming age eternal life.”

31And he took the Twelve aside and said to them,

“See! we are going up to Jerusalem, and everything written in the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled.

32For he will be handed over to the heathen, and ridiculed and insulted and spat upon, 33and they will flog him and kill him, and on the third day he will rise again.”

34And they did not understand any of this; the words were obscure to them, and they did not know what he meant.

35As he approached Jericho, a blind man happened to be sitting by the roadside begging. 36And hearing a crowd going by he asked what it meant. 37They told him that Jesus of Nazareth was coming by. 38And he shouted,

“Jesus, you Son of David, take pity on me!”

39And those who were in front reproved him and told him to be quiet, but he cried out all the louder,

“You Son of David, take pity on me!”

40And Jesus stopped and ordered the man to be brought to him. When he came up, Jesus asked him,

41“What do you want me to do for you?”

He answered,

“Master, let me regain my sight!”

42And Jesus said to him,

“Regain your sight! Your faith has cured you!”

43And he regained his sight immediately, and followed Jesus, giving thanks to God. And all the people saw it and praised God.

Chapter 19

1And he went into Jericho and was passing through it. 2Now there was a man named Zaccheus, the principal tax-collector, a rich man, 3who wanted to see who Jesus was, and he could not because of the crowd, for he was a small man. 4So he ran on ahead and climbed up into a sycamore tree, to see him, for Jesus was coming that way. 5When Jesus reached the place, he looked up and said to him,

“Zaccheus, come down quickly! for I must stay at your house today.”

6And he came down quickly and welcomed him gladly. 7And when they saw this, everyone complained, and said,

“He has gone to stay with an irreligious man!”

8But Zaccheus stopped and said to the Master,

“See, Master! I will give half my property to the poor, and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will pay him four times as much.”

9Jesus said to him,

“Salvation has come to this house today, for he too is a descendant of Abraham. 10For the Son of Man has come to search for what was lost and to save it.”

11As they were listening to this, Jesus went on to give them an illustration, because he was near Jerusalem and they supposed that the Kingdom of God was immediately going to appear. 12So he said,

“A nobleman once went to a distant country to secure his appointment to a kingdom and then return. 13And he called in ten of his slaves and gave them each twenty dollars and told them to trade with it while he was gone. 14But his countrymen hated him, and they sent a delegation after him to say, ‘We do not want this man made king over us.’ 15And when he had secured the appointment and returned, he ordered the slaves to whom he had given the money to be called in, so that he could find out how much they had made. 16The first one came in and said, ‘Your twenty dollars has made two hundred, sir!’ 17And he said to him, ‘Well done, my excellent slave! You have proved trustworthy about a very small amount, you shall be governor of ten towns.’ 18The second came in and said, ‘Your twenty dollars has made a hundred, sir!’ 19And he said to him, ‘And you shall be governor of five towns!’ 20And the other one came in and said, ‘Here is your twenty dollars, sir. I have kept it put away in a handkerchief, 21for I was afraid of you, for you are a stern man. You pick up what you did not lay down, and reap what you did not sow.’ 22He said to him, ‘Out of your own mouth I will convict you, you wretched slave! You knew, did you, that I was a stern man, and that I pick up what I did not lay down, and harvest what I did not sow? 23Then why did you not put my money in the bank, so that when I came back I could have gotten it with interest?’ 24And he said to the bystanders, ‘Take the twenty dollars away from him, and give it to the man who has the two hundred!’ 25They said to him, ‘He has two hundred, sir!’— 26‘I tell you, the man who has will have more given him, and from the man who has nothing, even what he has will be taken away! 27But bring those enemies of mine here who did not want me made king over them, and slaughter them in my presence!’ ”

28With these words he went on ahead of them, on his way to Jerusalem.

29When he was near Bethphage and Bethany by the hill called the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples 30and said to them,

“Go to the village that lies in front of you, and as you enter it you will find tied there a colt that has never been ridden. Untie it and bring it here. 31And if anyone asks you why you are untying it, you are to say, ‘The Master needs it.’

32And the messengers went and found it just as he had told them. 33And as they were untying the colt, its owners said to them,

“Why are you untying the colt?”

34And they said,

“The Master needs it!”

35And they brought it to Jesus. And they threw their coats on the colt and mounted Jesus on it. 36And as he went on, people spread their coats in the road. 37Just as he was coming down the Mount of Olives and approaching the city, the whole throng of his disciples began to praise God loudly and joyfully, for all the wonders they had seen, 38and to say,

“Blessed is the king who comes in the Lord’s name,

Peace be in heaven and glory on high!”

39Some Pharisees in the crowd said to him,

“Master, reprove your disciples!”

40And he answered,

“I tell you, if they keep silence, the stones will cry out!”

41As he approached the city and saw it, he wept over it, 42and said,

“If you yourself only knew today the conditions of peace! But as it is, they are hidden from you. 43For a time is coming upon you when your enemies will throw up earthworks about you and surround you and shut you in on all sides, 44and they will throw you and your children within you to the ground, and they will not leave one stone upon another within you because you did not know when God visited you!”

45Then he went into the Temple and proceeded to drive out those who were selling things there, 46and he said to them,

“The Scripture says, ‘And my house shall be a house of prayer,’ but you have made it a den of robbers!”

47Every day he taught in the Temple, and the high priests and scribes and the leading men of the people were trying to destroy him, 48but they could not find any way to do it, for all the people hung upon his words.

Chapter 20

1One day as he was teaching the people in the Temple, and preaching the good news, the high priests and scribes came up with the elders 2and said to him,

“Tell us what authority you have for doing as you do, or who gave you any such authority?”

3He said to them,

“I will ask you a question too. 4Tell me, did John’s baptism come from heaven or from men?”

5And they argued with one another, and said,

“If we say ‘From heaven,’ he will say, ‘Why did you not believe him?’ 6But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us to death, for they are convinced that John was a prophet.”

7So they answered that they did not know where it came from. 8And Jesus said to them,

“Nor will I tell you what authority I have for doing as I do.”

9Then he went on to give the people this illustration:

“A man once planted a vineyard, and leased it to tenants, and went away for along absence. 10And at the proper time he sent a slave to the tenants to have them give him a share of the vintage, but the tenants beat him, and sent him back empty-handed. 11And again he sent another slave, and they beat him also and mistreated him and sent him back empty-handed. 12And again he sent a third, but they wounded him too, and threw him outside. 13Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What can I do? I will send them my dear son; perhaps they will respect him.’ 14But when the tenants saw him, they argued with one another, ‘This is his heir! Let us kill him, so that the property will belong to us!’ 15So they drove him out of the vineyard and killed him. Now what will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and put those tenants to death, and give the vineyard to others.”

When they heard this they said,

“Heaven forbid!”

17He looked at them and said,

“Then what does this saying of Scripture mean,

“ ‘That stone which the builders rejected

Has become the cornerstone’?

18Whoever falls on that stone will be shattered, but whoever it falls upon will be pulverized.”

19And the scribes and high priests wanted to arrest him then and there, but they were afraid of the people, for they knew that he had aimed this illustration at them. 20So they kept watch of him and set some spies who pretended to be honest men to fasten on something that he said, so that they might hand him over to the control and authority of the governor. 21And they asked him,

“Master, we know that you are right in what you say and teach, and that you show no favor, but teach the way of God in sincerity. 22Is it right for us to pay taxes to the emperor, or not?”

23But he detected their trickery, and said to them,

24“Show me a denarius. Whose head and title does it bear?”

They said,

“The emperor’s.”

25He said to them,

“Then pay the emperor what belongs to the emperor, and pay God what belongs to God!”

26So they could not fasten on what he said before the people, and they were amazed at his answer, and said nothing more.

27Then some of the Sadducees, who say that there is no resurrection, came up and asked him,

28“Master, Moses made us a law that if a man’s brother die leaving a wife but no children, the man should marry the widow and raise up a family for his brother. 29Now there were seven brothers. And the eldest married a wife and died childless. 30And the second married her, 31and the third, and all the seven married her and died without leaving any child. 32After ward the woman died too. 33Now at the resurrection, which one’s wife will the woman be? For all seven of them married her.”

34Jesus said to them,

“The people of this world marry and are married, 35but those who are thought worthy to attain that other world and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are married. 36For they cannot die again; they are like the angels, and through sharing in the resurrection, they are sons of God. 37But that the dead are raised to life, even Moses indicated in the passage about the bush, when he calls the Lord ‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 38He is not the God of dead men but of living, for all men are alive to him.”

39Some of the scribes replied,

“Master, that was a fine answer!” 40For they did not dare to ask him any more questions.

41But he said to them,

“How can the scribes say that the Christ is a son of David? 42For David himself says in the Book of Psalms,

“ ‘The Lord has said to my lord, “Sit at my right hand,

43Until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet!*#“)

44David then calls him lord. So how can he be his son?”

45While all the people were listening, he said to his disciples,

46“Beware of the scribes who like to go about in long robes, and love to be saluted with respect in public places, and to have the front seats in the synagogues and the best places at banquets— 47men who eat up widows’ houses and to cover it up make long prayers! They will get all the heavier sentence!”

Chapter 21

1And looking up, he saw the rich people dropping their gifts into the treasury. 2And he saw a poor widow drop in two coppers. 3And he said,

“I tell you, this poor widow has put in more than all the rest. 4For they all gave from what they had to spare, but she in her want has put in all she had to live on.”

5When some spoke about the Temple and its decoration with costly stone and votive offerings, he said,

6“As for all this that you are looking at, the time is coming when not one stone will be left here upon another that will not be torn down!”

7Then they asked him,

“Master, when will this happen, and what will be the sign that it is going to take place?”

8And he said,

“Take care not to be misled. For many will come under my name, and say, ‘I am he,’ and ‘The time is at hand.’ Do not follow them. 9But when you hear of wars and outbreaks, do not be alarmed. These have to come first, but the end does not follow immediately.”

10Then he said to them,

“Nation will rise in arms against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 11There will be great earthquakes, and pestilence and famine here and there. There will be horrors and great signs in the sky. 12But before all this, men will arrest you and persecute you, and hand you over to synagogues and prisons and have you brought before kings and governors on my account. 13It will all lead to your testifying. 14So make up your minds not to prepare your defense, 15for I will give you such wisdom of utterance as none of your opponents will be able to resist or dispute. 16You will be betrayed even by your parents and brothers and kinsmen and friends and they will put some of you to death, 17and you will be hated by everyone because you bear my name. 18Yet not a hair of your head will perish! 19It is by your endurance that you will win your souls. 20But when you see Jerusalem being surrounded by armies, then you must understand that her devastation is at hand. 21Then those who are in Judea must fly to the hills, those who are in the city must get out of it, and those who are in the country must not go into it, 22for those are the days of vengeance, when all that is written in the Scriptures will be fulfilled. 23But alas for women who are with child at that time, or who have babies, for there will be great misery in the land and anger at this people. 24They will fall by the edge of the sword, and be carried off as prisoners among all nations, and Jerusalem will be trampled under foot by the heathen, until the time of the heathen comes. 25There will be signs too in sun, moon, and stars, and on earth dismay among the heathen, bewildered at the roar of the sea and the waves. 26Men will swoon with fear and foreboding of what is to happen to the world, for the forces in the sky will shake. 27Then they will see the Son of Man coming in a cloud with great power and glory. 28But when this begins to happen, look up and raise your heads, for your deliverance will be at hand.”

29And he gave them an illustration:

“See the fig tree and all the trees. 30As soon as they put out their leaves, you see them and you know without being told that summer is coming. 31So when you see these things happen, you must know that the Kingdom of God is at hand. 32I tell you, it will all happen before the present generation passes away. 33Earth and sky will pass away, but my words will not. 34But take care that your hearts are not loaded down with self-indulgence and drunkenness and worldly cares, and that day takes you by surprise, like a trap. 35For it will come on all who are living anywhere on the face of the earth. 36But you must be vigilant and always pray that you may succeed in escaping all this that is going to happen, and in standing in the presence of the Son of Man.”

37He would spend the days teaching in the Temple, but at night he would go out of the city and stay on the hill called the Mount of Olives. 38And in the morning all the people would come to him in the Temple to listen to him.

Chapter 22

1The festival of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover, was approaching. 2And the high priests and the scribes were casting about for a way to put him to death, for they were afraid of the people.

3But Satan entered into Judas, who was called Iscariot, a member of the Twelve. 4And he went off and discussed with the high priests and captains of the Temple how he could betray him to them. 5And they were delighted and agreed to pay him for it. 6And he accepted their offer, and watched for an opportunity to betray him to them without a disturbance.

7When the day of Unleavened Bread came, on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed, 8Jesus sent Peter and John, saying to them,

“Go and make preparations for us to eat the Passover.”

9They said to him,

“Where do you want us to prepare it?”

10He said to them,

“Just after you enter the city, you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water. Follow him to the house to which he goes, 11and say to the man of the house, ‘Our Master says to you, “Where is the room where I can eat the Passover supper with my disciples?” ’ 12And he will show you a large room upstairs with the necessary furniture. Make your preparations there.”

13So they went and found everything just as he had told them, and they prepared the Passover supper.

14When the time came, he took his place at the table, with the apostles about him. 15And he said to them,

“I have greatly desired to eat this Passover supper with you before I suffer. 16For I tell you, I will never eat one again until it reaches its fulfilment in the Kingdom of God.”

17And when he was handed a cup, he thanked God, and then said,

“Take this and share it among you, for I tell you, 18I will not drink the product of the vine again until the Kingdom of God comes.”

19And he took a loaf of bread and thanked God, and broke it in pieces, and gave it to them, saying,

“This is my body. 21Yet look! The hand of the man who is betraying me is beside me on the table! 22For the Son of Man is going his way, as it has been decreed, but alas for the man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed!”

23And they began to discuss with one another which of them it was who was going to do this. 24A dispute also arose among them, as to which one of them ought to be considered the greatest. 25But he said to them,

“The kings of the heathen lord it over them, and their authorities are given the title of Benefactor. 26But you are not to do so, but whoever is greatest among you must be like the youngest, and the leader like a servant. 27For which is greater, the man at the table, or the servant who waits on him? Is not the man at the table? Yet I am like a servant among you. 28But it is you who have stood by me in my trials. 29So just as my Father has conferred a kingdom on me 30I confer on you the right to eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and to sit on thrones and judge the twelve tribes of Israel! 31O Simon, Simon! Satan has obtained permission to sift all of you like wheat, 32but I have prayed that your own faith may not fail. And afterward you yourself must turn and strengthen your brothers.”

33Peter said to him,

“Master, I am ready to go to prison and to death with you!”

34But he said,

“I tell you, Peter, the cock will not crow today before you deny three times that you know me!”

35And he said to them,

“When I sent you out without any purse or bag or shoes, was there anything you needed?”

They said,

“No, nothing.”

36He said to them,

“But now, if a man has a purse let him take it, and a bag too. And a man who has no sword must sell his coat and buy one. 37For I tell you that this saying of Scripture must find its fulfilment in me: ‘He was rated an outlaw.’ Yes, that saying about me is to be fulfilled!”

38But they said,

“See, Master, here are two swords!”

And he said to them,

“Enough of this!”

39And he went out of the city and up on the Mount of Olives as he was accustomed to do, with his disciples following him. 40And when he reached the spot, he said to them,

“Pray that you may not be subjected to trial.”

41And he withdrew about a stone’s throw from them, and kneeling down he prayed 42and said,

“Father, if you are willing, take this cup away from me. But not my will but yours be done!”

45When he got up from his prayer, he went to the disciples and found them asleep from sorrow. 46And he said to them,

“Why are you asleep? Get up, and pray that you may not be subjected to trial!”

47While he was still speaking, a crowd of people came up, with the man called Judas, one of the Twelve, at their head, and he stepped up to Jesus to kiss him. 48Jesus said to him,

“Would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”

49Those who were about him saw what was coming and said,

“Master, shall we use our swords?”

50And one of them did strike at the high priest’s slave and cut his right ear off. 51But Jesus answered,

“Let me do this much!”

And he touched his ear and healed him. 52And Jesus said to the high priests, captains of the Temple, and elders who had come to take him,

“Have you come out with swords and clubs as though I were a robber? 53When I was among you day after day in the Temple you never laid a hand on me! But you choose this hour, and the cover of darkness!”

54Then they arrested him and led him away and took him to the house of the high priest. And Peter followed at a distance. 55And they kindled a fire in the middle of the courtyard and sat about it, and Peter sat down among them. 56A maid saw him sitting by the fire and looked at him and said,

“This man was with him too.”

57But he denied it, and said,

“I do not know him.”

58Shortly after, a man saw him and said,

“You are one of them too!”

But Peter said,

“I am not!”

59About an hour later, another man insisted,

“This man was certainly with him too, for he is a Galilean!”

60But Peter said,

“I do not know what you mean.”

And immediately, just as he spoke, a cock crowed. 61And the Master turned and looked at Peter, and Peter remembered the words the Master had said to him—“Before the cock crows today, you will disown me three times.” 62And he went outside and wept bitterly.

63The men who had Jesus in custody flogged him and made sport of him, 64and they blindfolded him, and asked him,

“Show that you are a prophet! Who was it that struck you?” 65And they said many other abusive things to him.

66As soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the high priests and scribes assembled, and brought him before their council, and said to him,

67“If you are the Christ, tell us so.”

But he said to them,

“If I tell you, you will not believe me, 68and if I ask you a question, you will not answer me. 69But from this time on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of God Almighty!”

70And they all said,

“Are you the Son of God then?”

And he said to them,

“I am, as you say!”

71Then they said,

“What do we want of testimony now? We have heard it ourselves from his own mouth!”

Chapter 23

1Then they arose in a body and took him to Pilate, 2and they made this charge against him:

“Here is a man whom we have found misleading our nation, and forbidding the payment of taxes to the emperor, and claiming to be an anointed king himself.”

3And Pilate asked him,

“Are you the king of the Jews?”

He answered,

“Yes.”

4And Pilate said to the high priests and the crowd,

“I cannot find anything criminal about this man.”

5But they persisted and said,

“He is stirring up the people all over Judea by his teaching. He began in Galilee and he has come here.”

6When Pilate heard this, he asked if the man were a Galilean 7and learning that he belonged to Herod’s jurisdiction he turned him over to Herod, for Herod was in Jerusalem at that time. 8When Herod saw Jesus he was delighted, for he had wanted for a long time to see him, because he had heard about him and he hoped to see some wonder done by him. 9And he questioned him at some length, but he made him no answer. 10Meanwhile the high priests and the scribes stood by and vehemently accused him. 11And Herod and his guards made light of him and ridiculed him, and they put a gorgeous robe on him and sent him back to Pilate. 12And Herod and Pilate became friends that day, for they had been at enmity before.

13Pilate summoned the high priests and the leading members of the council and the people, 14and said to them,

“You brought this man before me charged with misleading the people, and here I have examined him before you and not found him guilty of any of the things that you accuse him of. 15Neither has Herod, for he has sent him back to us. You see he has done nothing to call for his death. 16So I will teach him a lesson and let him go.”

18But they all shouted out,

“Kill him, and release Barabbas for us!”

19(He was a man who had been put in prison for a riot that had taken place in the city and for murder.) 20But Pilate wanted to let Jesus go, and he called out to them again. 21But they kept on shouting,

“Crucify him! Crucify him!”

22And he said to them a third time,

“Why, what has he done that is wrong? For I have found nothing about him to call for his death. So I will teach him a lesson and let him go.”

23But they persisted with loud outcries in demanding that he be crucified, and their shouting won. 24And Pilate pronounced sentence that what they asked for should be done. 25He released the man they asked for, who had been put in prison for riot and murder, and handed Jesus over to their will.

26As they led Jesus away, they seized a man named Simon, from Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, and put the cross on his back, for him to carry behind Jesus. 27He was followed by a great crowd of people and of women who were beating their breasts and lamenting him. 28But Jesus turned to them and said,

“Women of Jerusalem, do not weep for me but weep for yourselves and for your children, 29for a time is coming when they will say, ‘Happy are the childless women, and those who have never borne or nursed children!’ 30Then people will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us up!’ 31For if this is what they do when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”

32Two criminals were also led out to execution with him.

33When they reached the place called the Skull, they crucified him there, with the criminals one at his right and one at his left. 34And they divided up his clothes among them by drawing lots for them, 35while the people stood looking on. Even the leading councilors jeered at him, and said,

“He has saved others, let him save himself, if he is really God’s Christ, his Chosen One!”

36The soldiers also made sport of him, coming up and offering him sour wine, 37saying,

“If you are the king of the Jews, save yourself!” 38For there was a notice above his head, “This is the king of the Jews!”

39One of the criminals who were hanging there, abused him, saying,

“Are you not the Christ? Save yourself and us too!”

40But the other reproved him and said,

“Have you no fear even of God when you are suffering the same penalty? 41And we are suffering it justly, for we are only getting our deserts, but this man has done nothing wrong.”

42And he said,

“Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom!”

43And he said to him,

“I tell you, you will be in Paradise with me today!”

44It was now about noon, and darkness came over the whole country, and lasted until three in the afternoon, 45as the sun was in eclipse. And the curtain before the sanctuary was torn in two. 46Then Jesus gave a loud cry, and said,

“Father, I intrust my spirit to your hands!”

With these words he expired.

47When the captain saw what had happened he praised God, and said,

“This man was really innocent!”

48And all the crowds that had collected for the sight, when they saw what happened, returned to the city beating their breasts. 49And all his acquaintances and the women who had come with him from Galilee, stood at a distance looking on.

50Now there was a man named Joseph, a member of the council, a good and upright man, 51who had not voted for the plan or action of the council. He came from the Jewish town of Arimathea and lived in expectation of the Kingdom of God. 52He went to Pilate and asked for Jesus’ body. 53Then he took it down from the cross and wrapped it in linen and laid it in a tomb hewn in the rock, where no one had yet been laid. 54It was the Preparation Day, and the Sabbath was just beginning. 55The women who had followed Jesus from Galilee followed and saw the tomb and how his body was put there. 56Then they went home, and prepared spices and perfumes. On the Sabbath they rested in obedience to the commandment,

Chapter 24

1but on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they went to the tomb, taking spices they had prepared. 2But they found the stone rolled back from the tomb, 3and when they went inside they could not find the body. 4They were in great perplexity over this, when suddenly two men in dazzling clothing stood beside them. 5The women were frightened and bowed their faces to the ground, but the men said to them,

“Why do you look among the dead for him who is alive? 6Remember what he told you while he was still in Galilee, 7when he said that the Son of Man must be handed over to wicked men and be crucified and rise again on the third day.”

8Then they remembered his words, 9and they went back from the tomb and told all this to the eleven and all the rest. 10They were Mary of Magdala and Joanna and Mary, James’s mother; and the other women also told this to the apostles. 11But the story seemed to them to be nonsense and they would not believe them.

13That same day two of them were going to a village called Emmaus, about seven miles from Jerusalem, 14and they were talking together about all these things that had happened. 15And as they were talking and discussing them, Jesus himself came up and went with them, 16but they were prevented from recognizing him. 17And he said to them,

“What is all this that you are discussing with each other on your way?”

They stopped sadly, 18and one of them named Cleopas said to him,

“Are you the only visitor to Jerusalem who does not know what has happened there lately?”

19And he said,

“What is it?”

They said to him,

“About Jesus of Nazareth, who in the eyes of God and of all the people was a prophet mighty in deed and word, 20and how the high priests and our leading men gave him up to be sentenced to death, and had him crucified. 21But we were hoping that he was to be the deliverer of Israel. Why, besides all this, it is three days since it happened. 22But some women of our number have astounded us. They went to the tomb early this morning 23and could not find his body, but came back and said that they had actually seen a vision of angels who said that he was alive. 24Then some of our party went to the tomb and found things just as the women had said, but they did not see him.”

25Then he said to them,

“How foolish you are and how slow to believe all that the prophets have said! 26Did not the Christ have to suffer thus before entering upon his glory?”

27And he began with Moses and all the prophets and explained to them the passages all through the Scriptures that referred to himself. 28When they reached the village to which they were going, he acted as though he were going on, 29but they urged him not to, and said,

“Stay with us, for it is getting toward evening, and the day is nearly over.”

So he went in to stay with them. 30And when he took his place with them at table, he took the bread and blessed it and broke it in pieces and handed it to them. 31Then their eyes were opened and they knew him, and he vanished from them. 32And they said to each other,

“Did not our hearts glow when he was talking to us on the road, and was explaining the Scriptures to us?”

33And they got up immediately and went back to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and their party all together, 34and learned from them that the Master had really risen and had been seen by Simon. 35And they told what had happened on the road, and how they had known him when he broke the bread in pieces.

36While they were still talking of these things, he himself stood among them. 37They were startled and panic-stricken, and thought they saw a ghost. 38But he said to them,

“Why are you so disturbed, and why do doubts arise in your minds? 39Look at my hands and feet, for it is I myself! Feel of me and see, for a ghost has not flesh and bones, as you see I have.”

41But they could not yet believe it for sheer joy and they were amazed. And he said to them,

“Have you anything here to eat?”

42And they gave him a piece of broiled fish, 43and he took it and ate it before their eyes.

44Then he said to them,

“This is what I told you when I was still with you—that everything that is written about me in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms must come true.”

45Then he opened their minds to the understanding of the Scriptures, 46and said to them,

“The Scriptures said that Christ should suffer as he has done, and rise from the dead on the third day, 47and that repentance leading to the forgiveness of sins should be preached to all the heathen in his name. 48You are to be witnesses to all this, beginning at Jerusalem. 49And I will send down upon you what my Father has promised. Wait here in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.”

50And he led them out as far as Bethany. Then he lifted up his hands and blessed them. 51And as he was blessing them, he parted from them. 52And they went back with great joy to Jerusalem, 53and were constantly in the Temple, blessing God.

The Gospel According to John

Chapter 1

1In the beginning the Word existed. The Word was with God, and the Word was divine.

2It was he that was with God in the beginning. 3Everything came into existence through him, and apart from him nothing came to be. 4It was by him that life came into existence, and that life was the light of mankind. 5The light is still shining in the darkness, for the darkness has never put it out.

6There appeared a man by the name of John, with a message from God. 7He came to give testimony, to testify to the light, so that everyone might come to believe in it through him. 8He was not the light; he came to testify to the light.

9The real light, which sheds light upon everyone, was just coming into the world. 10He came into the world, and though the world came into existence through him, the world did not recognize him. 11He came to his home, and his own family did not welcome him. 12But to all who did receive him and believe in him he gave the right to become children of God, 13owing their birth not to nature nor to any human or physical impulse, but to God.

14So the Word became flesh and blood and lived for a while among us, abounding in blessing and truth, and we saw the honor God had given him, such honor as an only son receives from his father. 15(John testified to him and cried out—for it was he who said it—“He who was to come after me is now ahead of me, for he existed before me!”)

16For from his abundance we have all had a share, and received blessing after blessing. 17For while the Law was given through Moses, blessing and truth came to us through Jesus Christ. 18No one has ever seen God; it is the divine Only Son, who leans upon his Father’s breast, that has made him known.

19Now this is the testimony that John gave when the Jews sent priests and Levites to him from Jerusalem to ask him who he was. 20He admitted—he made no attempt to deny it—he admitted that he was not the Christ. 21Then they asked him,

“What are you then? Are you Elijah?”

He said,

“No, I am not.”

“Are you the Prophet?”

He answered,

“No.”

22Then they said to him,

“Who are you? We must have some answer to give those who sent us here. What have you to say for yourself?”

23He said,

“I am a voice of one shouting in the desert, ‘Straighten the Lord’s way!’ as the prophet Isaiah said.”

24Now the messengers were Pharisees. 25And they asked him,

“Then why are you baptizing people, if you are not the Christ, nor Elijah, nor the Prophet?”

26“I am only baptizing in water,” John answered, “but someone is standing among you of whom you do not know. 27He is to come after me, and I am not worthy to undo his shoe!”

28This took place at Bethany, on the farther side of the Jordan, where John was baptizing.

29The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and he said,

“There is God’s lamb, who is to remove the world’s sin! 30This is the man of whom I spoke when I said, ‘After me there is coming a man who is even now ahead of me, for he existed before me.’ 31I did not know him, but it is in order that he may be made known to Israel that I have come and baptized people in water.”

32And John gave this testimony:

“I saw the Spirit come down from heaven like a dove, and it remained upon him. 33I did not know him, but he who sent me to baptize in water said to me, ‘The one on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain, is the one who is to baptize in the holy Spirit.’ 34And I did see it, and I testify that he is the Son of God.”

35Again the next day John was standing with two of his disciples, 36and looking at Jesus as he passed, he said,

“There is God’s lamb!”

37The two disciples heard him say this, and they followed Jesus. 38But Jesus turned, and seeing them following him he said,

“What do you want?”

They said to him,

“Rabbi”—that is to say, Master—“Where are you staying?”

39He said to them,

“Come and you will see.”

So they went and saw where he was staying, and they spent the rest of the day with him. It was about four in the afternoon.

40Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, was one of the two who heard what John said and followed Jesus. 41Andrew immediately sought out his own brother Simon and said to him,

“We have found the Messiah!”—that is to say, the Christ.

42He took him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said,

“You are Simon, son of John. You shall be called Cephas”—that is, Peter, which means rock.

43The next day Jesus determined to leave for Galilee. And he sought out Philip and said to him,

“Come with me.”

44Now Philip came from Bethsaida, the town of Andrew and Peter. 45Philip sought out Nathanael, and said to him,

“We have found the one about whom Moses wrote in the Law and about whom the prophets wrote; it is Jesus, the son of Joseph, who comes from Nazareth!”

46Nathanael said to him,

“Can anything good come from Nazareth?”

Philip said to him,

“Come and see!”

47Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him, and he said of him,

“Here is really an Israelite without any deceit in him!”

48Nathanael said to him,

“How do you know me?”

Jesus answered,

“While you were still under that fig tree, before Philip called you I saw you.”

49Nathanael answered,

“Master, you are the Son of God! You are king of Israel!”

50Jesus answered,

“Do you believe in me because I told you that I had seen you under that fig tree? You will see greater things than that!” 51And he said to him, “I tell you all, you will see heaven opened and God’s angels going up, and coming down to the Son of Man!”

Chapter 2

1Two days later there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and Jesus’ mother was present. 2Jesus and his disciples were also invited to the wedding. 3The wine gave out, and Jesus’ mother said to him,

“They have no more wine!”

4Jesus said to her,

“Do not try to direct me. It is not yet time for me to act.”

5His mother said to the servants,

“Do whatever he tells you.”

6Now there were six stone water jars there, for the ceremonial purification practiced by the Jews, each large enough to hold twenty or thirty gallons. 7Jesus said to them,

“Fill these jars with water.”

8So they filled them full. And he said to them,

“Now draw some out and take it to the master of the feast.”

9And they did so. When the master of the feast tasted the water which had now turned into wine, without knowing where it had come from—though the servants who had drawn the water knew— 10he called the bridegroom and said to him,

“Everyone else serves his good wine first, and his poorer wine after people have drunk deeply, but you have kept back your good wine till now!”

11This, the first of the signs of his mission, Jesus showed at Cana in Galilee. By it he showed his greatness, and his disciples believed in him.

12After this Jesus went down to Capernaum with his mother, his brothers, and his disciples, and they stayed there for a few days.

13Now the Jewish Passover was approaching, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 14In the Temple he found the dealers in cattle, sheep, and pigeons, and the money-changers sitting at their tables. 15And he made a lash out of rope, and drove them all, sheep and cattle, out of the Temple, and scattered the money-changers’ coins on the ground, and overturned their tables. 16And he said to the pigeon-dealers,

“Take these things away! Do not turn my Father’s house into a market!”

17His disciples remembered that the Scriptures said, “My zeal for your house will consume me!”

18Then the Jews addressed him and said,

“What sign have you to show us, for acting in this way?”

19Jesus answered,

“Destroy this sanctuary, and I will raise it in three days!”

20The Jews said,

“It has taken forty-six years to build this sanctuary, and are you going to raise it in three days?”

21But he was speaking of his body as the sanctuary. 22So afterward when he had risen from the dead, his disciples remembered that he had said this, and they believed the passage of Scripture and what Jesus had said.

23Now when he was at Jerusalem, at the Passover Festival, many, when they saw the signs that he showed, came to believe in him. 24But Jesus on his part would not trust himself to them, for he knew them all, 25and had no need of anybody’s evidence about men, for he knew well what was in their hearts.

Chapter 3

1Among the Pharisees there was a man named Nicodemus, a leader among the Jews. 2This man went to Jesus one night, and said to him,

“Master, we know that you are a teacher who has come from God, for no one can show the signs that you do, unless God is with him.”

3Jesus answered him,

“I tell you, no one can see the Kingdom of God unless he is born over again from above!”

4Nicodemus said to him,

“How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter his mother’s womb over again and be born?”

5Jesus answered,

“I tell you, if a man does not owe his birth to water and spirit, he cannot get into the Kingdom of God. 6Whatever owes its birth to the physical is physical, and whatever owes its birth to the Spirit is spiritual. 7Do not wonder at my telling you that you must be born over again from above. 8The wind blows wherever it chooses, and you hear the sound of it, but you do not know where it comes from or where it goes. That is the way with everyone who owes his birth to the Spirit.”

9Nicodemus said to him,

“How can that be?”

10Jesus answered,

“Are you the teacher of Israel and yet ignorant of this? 11I tell you, we know what we are talking about and we have seen the things we testify to, yet you all reject our testimony. 12If you will not believe the earthly things that I have told you, how can you believe the heavenly things I have to tell? 13Yet no one has gone up into heaven except the Son of Man who came down from heaven. 14And just as Moses in the desert lifted the serpent up in the air, the Son of Man must be lifted up, 15so that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life.”

16For God loved the world so much that he gave his only Son, so that no one who believes in him should be lost, but that they should all have eternal life. 17For God did not send his Son into the world to pass judgment upon the world, but that through him the world might be saved. 18No one who believes in him has to come up for judgment. Anyone who does not believe stands condemned already, for not believing in God’s only Son. 19And the basis of the judgment is this, that the light has come into the world, and yet, because their actions were wicked, men have loved the darkness more than the light. 20For everyone who does wrong hates the light and will not come to it, for fear his actions will be exposed. 21But everyone who is living the truth will come to the light, to show that his actions have been performed in dependence upon God.

22After this Jesus went into the country of Judea with his disciples, and stayed there with them and baptized. 23John too was baptizing at Aenon, near Salim, for there was plenty of water there, and people came there and were baptized. 24For John had not yet been put in prison. 25So a discussion arose between John’s disciples and a man from Judea, about purification. 26And they went to John and said to him,

“Master, the man who was with you across the Jordan, and to whom you yourself gave testimony, is baptizing, and everybody is going to him.”

27John answered,

“A man cannot get anything unless it is given to him from heaven. 28You will bear me witness that I said, ‘I am not the Christ; I have been sent in advance of him.’ 29It is the bridegroom who has the bride; but the bridegroom’s friend who stands outside and listens for his voice is very glad when he hears the bridegroom speak. So this happiness of mine is now complete. 30He must grow greater and greater, but I less and less.”

31He who comes from above is above all others. A son of earth belongs to earth and speaks of earth. He who comes from heaven is above all others. 32It is to what he has seen and heard that he gives testimony, and yet no one accepts his testimony. 33Whoever does accept it has thereby acknowledged that God is true. 34For he whom God has sent speaks God’s words, for God gives him his Spirit without measure. 35The Father loves his Son, and has put everything in his hands. 36Whoever believes in the Son possesses eternal life, but whoever disobeys the Son will not experience life, but will remain under the anger of God.

Chapter 4

1So when the Lord learned that the Pharisees had been told that he was gaining and baptizing more disciples than John— 2though it was not Jesus himself who baptized them, but his disciples— 3he left Judea and went back again to Galilee. 4Now he had to pass through Samaria. 5So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the field that Jacob gave to his son Joseph, 6and Jacob’s spring was there. So Jesus, tired with his journey, sat down just as he was by the spring. It was about noon. 7A woman of Samaria came to draw water. Jesus said to her,

“Give me a drink.”

8For his disciples had gone into the town to buy some food. 9So the Samaritan woman said to him,

“How is it that a Jew like you asks a Samaritan woman like me for a drink?” For Jews have nothing to do with Samaritans. 10Jesus answered,

“If you knew what God has to give, and who it is that said to you, ‘Give me a drink,’ you would have asked him, and he would have given you living water.”

11She said to him,

“You have nothing to draw water with, sir, and the well is deep. Where can you get your living water? 12Are you a greater man than our forefather Jacob, who gave us this well, and drank from it himself, with his sons and his flocks?”

13Jesus answered,

“Anyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14but anyone who drinks the water that I will give him will never be thirsty, but the water that I will give him will become a spring of water within him, bubbling up for eternal life.”

15The woman said to him,

“Give me this water, sir, so that I may never be thirsty, nor have to come all this way to draw water.”

16He said to her,

“Go and call your husband and come back here.”

17The woman answered,

“I have no husband.”

Jesus said to her,

18“You are right when you say you have no husband, for you have had five husbands and the man you are now living with is not your husband. What you say is true.”

19The woman said to him,

“I see that you are a prophet, sir. 20Our forefathers worshiped God on this mountain, and yet you Jews say that the place where people must worship God is at Jerusalem.”

21Jesus said to her,

“Believe me, the time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor at Jerusalem. 22You worship something you know nothing about; we know what we worship, for salvation comes from the Jews. 23But a time is coming—it is already here!—when the true worshipers will worship the Father in spirit and sincerity, for the Father wants such worshipers. 24God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship him in spirit and in sincerity.”

25The woman said to him,

“I know that the Messiah is coming—he who is called the Christ. When he comes, he will tell us everything!”

26Jesus said to her,

“I who am talking to you am he!”

27Just then his disciples came back, and they were surprised to find him talking with a woman, yet no one of them asked him what he wanted or why he was talking with her. 28So the woman left her pitcher and went back to the town, and said to the people,

29“Come, here is a man who has told me everything I ever did! Do you suppose he is the Christ?”

30The people went out of the town to see him.

31Meanwhile the disciples urged him, saying,

“Master, eat something.”

32But he said to them,

“I have food to eat of which you do not know.”

33So the disciples said to one another,

“Do you suppose that someone has brought him something to eat?”

34Jesus said to them,

“My food is doing the will of him who has sent me, and finishing his work. 35Are you not saying, ‘Four months more and the harvest will come’? Look, I tell you! Raise your eyes and see the fields, for they are white for harvesting. 36The reaper is already being paid and gathering the harvest for eternal life, so that the sower may be glad with the reaper. 37For here the saying holds good, ‘One sows, another reaps.’ 38I have sent you to reap a harvest on which you have not worked. Other men have worked and you have profited by their work.”

39Many of the Samaritans in that town came to believe in him because of the testimony the woman gave when she said, “He has told me everything I ever did!” 40So when the Samaritans came to Jesus, they asked him to stay with them, and he did stay there two days. 41And a great many more believed because of what he said, 42and they said to the woman,

“It is no longer because of your statement that we believe, for we have heard him ourselves, and we know that he is really the Savior of the world.”

43When the two days were over, Jesus went on to Galilee, 44for he himself declared that a prophet is not honored in his own country. 45So when he reached Galilee, the Galileans welcomed him, for they had seen everything he had done at Jerusalem, at the festival, for they too had gone to the festival.

46So he came back to Cana in Galilee, where he had made the water into wine. There was at Capernaum one of the king’s officials whose son was sick. 47When he heard that Jesus had come back from Judea to Galilee, he went to him and begged him to come down and cure his son, for he was at the point of death. 48Jesus said to him,

“Unless you see signs and marvels you will never believe!”

49The official said to him,

“Come down, sir, before my child is dead!”

50Jesus said to him,

“You can go home. Your son is going to live.”

The man believed what Jesus said to him and went home. 51While he was on the way, his slaves met him and told him that his boy was going to live. 52So he asked them at what time he had begun to get better, and they said to him,

“Yesterday at one o’clock the fever left him.”

53So the father knew that it was the very time when Jesus had said to him “Your son is going to live.” And he and his whole household believed in Jesus. 54This second sign Jesus showed after coming back from Judea to Galilee.

Chapter 5

1After this there was a festival of the Jews, and Jesus went up to Jerusalem. 2Now there is in Jerusalem near the Sheepgate a pool called in Hebrew Bethzatha, which has five colonnades. 3In these there used to lie a great number of people who were sick, blind, lame, or paralyzed. 5There was one man there who had been sick for thirty-eight years. 6Jesus saw him lying there, and finding that he had been in this condition for a long time, said to him,

“Do you want to get well?”

7The sick man answered,

“I have nobody, sir, to put me into the pool when the water stirs, but while I am getting down someone else steps in ahead of me.”

8Jesus said to him,

“Get up, pick up your mat, and walk!”

9And the man was immediately cured, and he picked up his mat and walked.

10Now it was the Sabbath. So the Jews said to the man who had been cured,

“It is the Sabbath, and it is against the Law for you to carry your mat.”

11But he answered,

“The man who cured me said to me, ‘Pick up your mat and walk.’ ”

12They asked him,

“Who was it that said to you, ‘Pick it up and walk’?”

13But the man who had been cured did not know who it was, for as there was a crowd there, Jesus had left the place. 14Afterward Jesus found him in the Temple, and said to him,

“See! You are well again. Give up sin, or something worse may happen to you.”

15The man went and told the Jews that it was Jesus who had cured him. 16This was why the Jews used to persecute Jesus, because he did things like this on the Sabbath. 17But he answered them,

“My Father is still at work, and I work too.”

18On account of this the Jews were all the more eager to kill him, because he not only broke the Sabbath but actually called God his Father, thus putting himself on an equality with God. 19So Jesus answered them,

“I tell you, the Son cannot do anything of his own accord, unless he sees the Father doing it. For whatever the Father does, the Son also does. 20For the Father loves the Son and lets him see everything that he himself is doing, and he will let him see greater deeds than these, to make you wonder. 21For just as the Father awakens the dead and makes them come to life, the Son makes anyone whom he chooses come to life. 22For the Father passes judgment on no one, but he has committed the judgment entirely to the Son, 23so that all men may honor the Son just as much as they honor the Father. Whoever refuses to honor the Son refuses to honor the Father who sent him. 24I tell you, whoever listens to my message and believes him who has sent me, possesses eternal life, and will not come to judgment, but has already passed out of death into life. 25I tell you, the time is coming—it is here already!—when those who are dead will listen to the voice of the Son of God, and those who listen to it will live. 26For just as the Father is self-existent, he has given self-existence to the Son, 27and he has given him the authority to act as judge, because he is a son of man. 28Do not be surprised at this, for the time is coming when all who are in their graves will listen to his voice, 29and those who have done right will come out to resurrection and life, and those who have done wrong, to resurrection and judgment. 30I cannot do anything of my own accord. I pass judgment just as I am told to do, and my judgment is just, for I am not seeking to do what I please, but what pleases him who has sent me.

31“If I testify to myself, my testimony is not true. 32It is someone else who testifies to me, and I know that the testimony that he gives about me is true. 33You yourselves sent to John, and he testified to the truth. 34But the testimony that I accept is not from any man; I am only saying this that you may be saved. 35He was the lamp that burned and shone, and you were ready to be gladdened for a while by his light. 36But I have higher testimony than John’s, for the things that my Father has intrusted to me to accomplish, the very things that I am doing, are proof that my Father has sent me, 37and my Father who has sent me has thus borne witness to me. You have never heard his voice or seen his form, 38and you do not keep his message in your hearts, for you do not believe the messenger whom he has sent. 39You pore over the Scriptures, for you think that you will find eternal life in them, and these very Scriptures testify to me, 40yet you refuse to come to me for life. 41I do not accept any honor from men, 42but I know well that you have not the love of God in your hearts. 43I have come in my Father’s name, and you refuse to accept me. If someone else comes in his own name you will accept him. 44Yet how can you believe in me, when you accept honor from one another, instead of seeking the honor that comes from the one God? 45Do not suppose that I will accuse you to the Father. Moses is your accuser—Moses, on whom you have fixed your hopes! 46For if you really believed Moses, you would believe me, for it was about me that he wrote. 47But if you refuse to believe what he wrote, how are you ever to believe what I say?”

Chapter 6

1After this Jesus went to the other side of the Sea of Galilee, or Tiberias, and a great crowd followed him, 2because they could see the signs he showed in what he did for the sick. 3But Jesus went up on the hill, and sat down there with his disciples. 4Now the Jewish festival of the Passover was coming. 5So Jesus, raising his eyes and seeing that a great crowd was coming up to him, said to Philip,

“Where can we buy food for these people to eat?”

6Now he said this to test him, for he knew what he meant to do. 7Philip answered,

“Forty dollars’ worth of bread would not be enough for each of them to have even a little.”

8Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, another of his disciples, said to him,

9“There is a boy here who has five barley loaves and a couple of fish, but what is that among so many people?”

10Jesus said,

“Make the people sit down.”

There was plenty of grass there, so the men threw themselves down, about five thousand of them. 11Then Jesus took the loaves, and gave thanks, and distributed them among the people who were resting on the ground, and in the same way as much of the fish as they wanted. 12When they were satisfied, he said to his disciples,

“Pick up the pieces that are left, so that nothing may be wasted.”

13So they picked them up, and they filled twelve baskets with pieces of the five barley loaves that were left after the people had eaten.

14When the people saw the signs that he showed, they said,

“This is really the Prophet who was to come into the world!”

15So Jesus, seeing that they meant to come and carry him off to make him king, retired again to the hill by himself.

16But in the evening his disciples went down to the sea 17and got into a boat and started across the sea for Capernaum. By this time it was dark, and Jesus had not yet joined them; 18a strong wind was blowing and the sea was growing rough.

19When they had rowed three or four miles, they saw Jesus walking on the sea and approaching the boat, and they were terrified. 20But he said to them,

“It is I; do not be afraid!”

21Then as soon as they consented to take him into the boat, the boat was at the shore they had been trying to reach.

22Next day the people who had stayed on the other side of the sea saw that there had been only one boat there, and that Jesus had not embarked in it with his disciples, but that the disciples had gone away by themselves. 23But some boats from Tiberias landed near the place where they had eaten the bread after Jesus had given thanks for it. 24So when the people saw that neither Jesus nor his disciples were any longer there, they got into the boats and went to Capernaum in search of him. 25And when they had crossed the sea and found him, they said to him,

“When did you get here, Master?” 26Jesus answered,

“I tell you, it is not because of the signs you have seen that you have come in search of me, but because you ate that bread and had all you wanted of it. 27You must not work for the food that perishes, but for that which lasts for eternal life, which the Son of Man will give you, for God the Father has authorized him to do so.”

28Then they said to him,

“What must we do to carry out God’s work?”

29Jesus answered them,

“The work God has for you is to believe in the messenger that he has sent to you.”

30Then they said to him,

“Then what sign do you show for us to see and so come to believe you? What work are you doing? 31Our forefathers in the desert had manna to eat; as the Scripture says, ‘He gave them bread out of heaven to eat!’ ”

32Jesus said to them,

“I tell you, Moses did not give you the bread out of heaven, but my Father gives you the bread out of heaven, 33for it is God’s bread that comes down out of heaven and gives life to the world.”

34Then they said to him,

“Give us that bread always, sir!”

35Jesus said to them,

“I am the bread that gives life. No one who comes to me will ever be hungry, and no one who believes in me will ever be thirsty. 36But as I have told you, although you have seen me, you will not believe. 37All that my Father gives to me will come to me, and I will never refuse anyone who comes to me, 38for I have come down from heaven not to do what I please but what pleases him who has sent me. 39And the purpose of him who has sent me is this, that I should lose nothing of all that he has given me, but should raise them to life on the Last Day. 40For it is the purpose of my Father that everyone who sees the Son and believes in him shall have eternal life, and that I shall raise him to life on the Last Day.”

41The Jews complained of him for saying, “I am the bread that has come out of heaven,” 42and they said,

“Is he not Joseph’s son, Jesus, whose father and mother we know? How can he now say, ‘I have come down out of heaven’?”

43Jesus answered,

“Do not complain to one another. 44No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him to me; then I myself will raise him to life on the Last Day. 45In the prophets it is written, ‘And all men will be taught by God!’ Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him will come to me. 46Not that anyone has ever seen the Father, except him who is from God; he has seen the Father. 47I tell you, whoever believes already possesses eternal life. 48I am the bread that gives life. 49Your forefathers in the desert ate the manna and yet they died. 50But here is bread that comes down out of heaven, and no one who eats it will ever die. 51I am this living bread that has come down out of heaven. Whoever eats this bread will live forever, and the bread that I will give for the world’s life is my own flesh!”

52This led the Jews to dispute with one another. They said,

“How can he give us his flesh to eat?”

53Then Jesus said to them,

“I tell you, if you do not eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no self-existent life. 54Whoever lives on my flesh and drinks my blood possesses eternal life, and I will raise him to life on the Last Day. 55For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. 56Whoever lives on my flesh and drinks my blood remains united to me and I remain united to him. 57Just as the living Father has sent me, and I live because of the Father, so he who lives on me will live because of me. 58This is the bread that has come down out of heaven—not like that which your forefathers ate and yet died. Whoever lives on this bread will live forever.”

59Jesus said all this while he was teaching in the synagogue at Capernaum.

60Many of his disciples on hearing it said,

“This is a harsh teaching! Who can listen to it?”

61But Jesus, knowing that his disciples were complaining about this, said to them,

“Does this stagger you? 62Then what if you see the Son of Man go up where he was before? 63The Spirit is what gives life; flesh is of no use at all. The things that I have said to you are spirit and they are life. 64Yet there are some of you who will not believe.” For Jesus knew from the first who would not believe, and who was going to betray him. 65And he added,

“This is why I said to you, ‘No one can come to me unless he is enabled to do so by the Father.’ ”

66In consequence of this many of his disciples drew back and would not go about with him any longer. 67So Jesus said to the Twelve,

“Do you mean to go away too?”

68Simon Peter answered,

“To whom can we go, sir? You have a message of eternal life, 69and we believe and are satisfied that you are the Holy One of God.”

70Jesus answered them,

“Did I not myself select all twelve of you? And even of you, one is an informer.” 71He meant Judas the son of Simon Iscariot, for he, though he was one of the Twelve, was going to betray him.

Chapter 7

1After this Jesus went from place to place in Galilee, for he would not do so in Judea, because the Jews were making efforts to kill him. 2But the Jewish camping festival was coming. 3So his brothers said to him,

“You ought to leave here and go to Judea, to let your disciples also see the things you are doing. 4For no one acts in secret when he desires to be publicly known. If you are going to do these things, let the world see you.” 5For even his brothers did not believe in him. 6Then Jesus said to them,

“It is not yet time for me to act, but any time is suitable for you. 7It is impossible for the world to hate you, but it does hate me for testifying that its ways are wrong. 8As for you, go up to the festival; I am not going up to this festival as yet, for it is not quite time for me to go.”

9That was what he told them, and he stayed on in Galilee.

10But after his brothers had gone up to the festival, then Jesus went up also, not publicly, but as though he did not wish to be observed. 11Now the Jews were looking for him at the festival and asking where he was, 12and there was a great deal of muttering about him among the crowds, some saying that he was a good man, and others that he was not, but was imposing on the people. 13But no one spoke of him in public, for fear of the Jews.

14But when the festival was half over, Jesus went up to the Temple and began to teach. 15This astonished the Jews.

“How is it that this man can read?” they said, “when he has never gone to school?”

16So Jesus answered,

“My teaching is not my own; it comes from him who has sent me. 17Anyone who resolves to do his will will know whether my teaching comes from God, or originates with me. 18Whoever speaks simply for himself is looking for honor for himself, but whoever looks for honor for the person who has sent him shows his sincerity; there is no dishonesty about him. 19Was it not Moses who gave you the Law? Yet not one of you obeys the Law. Why are you trying to kill me?”

20The crowd answered,

“You must be possessed! Who is trying to kill you?”

21Jesus answered,

“I have done just one deed, and you are all astonished at it. 22Yet Moses gave you the rite of circumcision—not that it began with Moses but with your forefathers—and you practice it even on the Sabbath. 23But if a person undergoes circumcision on a Sabbath, to avoid breaking the Law of Moses, are you angry at me for making a man perfectly well on a Sabbath? 24You must not judge so externally; you must judge justly!”

25Some of the people of Jerusalem said, “Is not this the man they want to kill? 26And here he is speaking publicly, and they say nothing to him! Can the authorities really have found that he is the Christ? 27But then, we know where this man comes from, but when the Christ comes, no one will know where he is from.”

28So Jesus, as he was teaching in the Temple, cried out,

“You do know me and you do know where I come from, and I have not come of my own accord but someone who is very real, whom you do not know, has sent me. 29I do know him, because I come from him, and he has sent me here.”

30Then they tried to arrest him, and yet no one laid hands on him, because he was not yet ready. 31But many of the people believed in him, and said,

“Will the Christ show more signs when he comes than this man has shown?”

32The Pharisees heard the people saying these things about him in whispers, and the high priests and the Pharisees sent attendants to arrest him. 33Jesus said,

“I am to be with you a little while longer, and then I am going to him who has sent me. 34You will look for me and you will not find me, and you will not be able to go where I shall be.”

35Then the Jews said to one another,

“Where is he going, that we shall not find him? Is he going to our people scattered among the Greeks, and will he teach the Greeks? 36What does he mean by saying ‘You will look for me and you will not find me, and you will not be able to go where I shall be’?”

37Now on the last day, the great day of the festival, Jesus stood up and cried out,

“If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. 38If anyone believes in me, streams of living water, as the Scripture says, shall flow forth from his heart.”

39He meant by this the Spirit which those who believed in him were to receive—for the Spirit had not yet come, because Jesus had not yet been glorified. 40So some of the people, when they heard these words, said,

“This is certainly the Prophet!”

41Others said,

“This is the Christ!”

But they rejoined,

“What! Is the Christ to come from Galilee? 42Do not the Scriptures say that the Christ is to spring from the descendants of David and to come from the village of Bethlehem where David lived?”

43So the people were divided about him, 44and some of them wanted to arrest him, yet no one laid hands on him.

45The attendants went back to the high priests and Pharisees, and they said to the attendants,

“Why have you not brought him?”

46The attendants answered,

“No man ever talked as he does!”

47The Pharisees answered,

“Have you been imposed upon too? 48Have any of the authorities or of the Pharisees believed in him? 49But these common people who do not know the Law are doomed!”

50One of them, Nicodemus, who had previously gone to Jesus, said to them,

51“Does our Law condemn the accused without first hearing what he has to say, and finding out what he has done?”

52They answered,

“Are you from Galilee too? Study and you will find that no prophet is to appear from Galilee.”

Chapter 8

12Then Jesus spoke to them again and said,

“I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will not have to walk in darkness but will have the light of life.”

13The Pharisees said to him,

“You are testifying to yourself. Your testimony is not true.”

14Jesus answered,

“Even if I am testifying to myself, my testimony is true, for I know where I have come from and where I am going; but you do not know where I come from or where I am going. 15You judge by material standards, but I am judging nobody. 16But even if I do judge, my decision is just, because I am not by myself, but the Father who sent me is with me. 17Why, in your own Law it is stated that the testimony of two persons is valid.