Contents

The Holy Bible

Translated from the Latin Vulgate

Diligently Compared with the Hebrew, Greek, and Other Divers Languages

The Old Testament

First Published by the English College at Douay, A.D. 1609

and

The New Testament

First Published by the English College at Rheims, A.D. 1582

The Whole Revised and Diligently Compared with the Latin Vulgate by Bishop Richard Challoner, A.D. 1749–1752

Old Testament

The Book of Genesis

This book is so called from its treating of the Generation, that is, of the Creation and the beginning of the world. The Hebrews call it Beresith, from the word with which it begins. It contains not only the History of the Creation of the World, but also an account of its progress during the space of 2369 years, that is, until the death of Joseph.

Chapter 1

1In the beginning God created heaven, and earth. 2And the earth was void and empty, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God moved over the waters. 3And God said: Be light made. And light was made. 4And God saw the light that it was good; and he divided the light from the darkness. 5And he called the light Day, and the darkness Night; and there was evening and morning one day. 6And God said: Let there be a firmament made amidst the waters: and let it divide the waters from the waters. 7And God made a firmament, and divided the waters that were under the firmament, from those that were above the firmament, and it was so. 8And God called the firmament, Heaven; and the evening and morning were the second day. 9God also said: Let the waters that are under the heaven, be gathered together into one place: and let the dry land appear. And it was so done. 10And God called the dry land, Earth; and the gathering together of the waters, he called Seas. And God saw that it was good. 11And he said: Let the earth bring forth the green herb, and such as may seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after its kind, which may have seed in itself upon the earth. And it was so done. 12And the earth brought forth the green herb, and such as yieldeth seed according to its kind, and the tree that beareth fruit having seed each one according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13And the evening and the morning were the third day. 14And God said: Let there be lights made in the firmament of heaven, to divide the day and the night, and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days and years: 15To shine in the firmament of heaven, and to give light upon the earth. And it was so done. 16And God made two great lights: a greater light to rule the day; and a lesser light to rule the night: and the stars. 17And he set them in the firmament of heaven to shine upon the earth. 18And to rule the day and the night, and to divide the light and the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19And the evening and morning were the fourth day. 20God also said: Let the waters bring forth the creeping creature having life, and the fowl that may fly over the earth under the firmament of heaven. 21And God created the great whales, and every living and moving creature, which the waters brought forth, according to their kinds, and every winged fowl according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22And he blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the waters of the sea: and let the birds be multiplied upon the earth. 23And the evening and morning were the fifth day. 24And God said: Let the earth bring forth the living creature in its kind, cattle and creeping things, and beasts of the earth, according to their kinds. And it was so done. 25And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds, and cattle, and every thing that creepeth on the earth after its kind. And God saw that it was good. 26And he said: Let us make man to our image and likeness: and let him have dominion over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and the beasts, and the whole earth, and every creeping creature that moveth upon the earth. 27And God created man to his own image: to the image of God he created him: male and female he created them. 28And God blessed them, saying: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth, and subdue it, and rule over the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the air, and all living creatures that move upon the earth. 29And God said: Behold I have given you every herb bearing seed upon the earth, and all trees that have in themselves seed of their own kind, to be your meat: 30And to all the beasts of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to all that move upon the earth, and wherein there is life, that they may have to feed upon. And it was so done. 31And God saw all the things that he had made, and they were very good. And the evening and morning were the sixth day.

Chapter 2

1So the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the furniture of them. 2And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made: and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had done. 3And he blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made. 4These are the generations of the heaven and the earth, when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the heaven and the earth: 5And every plant of the field before it spring up in the earth, and every herb of the ground before it grew: for the Lord God had not rained upon the earth; and there was not a man to till the earth. 6But a spring rose out the earth, watering all the surface of the earth. 7And the Lord God formed man of the slime of the earth: and breathed into his face the breath of life, and man became a living soul. 8And the Lord God had planted a paradise of pleasure from the beginning: wherein he placed man whom he had formed. 9And the Lord God brought forth of the ground all manner of trees, fair to behold, and pleasant to eat of: the tree of life also in the midst of paradise: and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. 10And a river went out the place of pleasure to water paradise, which from thence is divided into four heads. 11The name of the one is Phison: that is it which compasseth all the land of Hevilath, where gold groweth. 12And the gold of that land is very good: there is found bdellium, and the onyx stone. 13And the name of the second river is Gehon: the same is it that compasseth all the land of Ethiopia 14And the name of the third river is Tigris: the same passeth along by the Assyrians. And the fourth river is Euphrates. 15And the Lord God took man, and put him into the paradise for pleasure, to dress it, and keep it. 16And he commanded him, saying: Of every tree of paradise thou shalt eat: 17But of the tree of knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat. for in what day soever thou shalt eat of it, thou shalt die the death. 18And the Lord God said: It is not good for man to be alone: let us make him a help like unto himself. 19And the Lord God having formed out of the ground all the beasts of the earth, and all the fowls of the air, brought them to Adam to see what he would call them: for whatsoever Adam called any living creature the same is its name. 20And Adam called all the beasts by their names, and all the fowls of the air, and all the cattle of the field: but for Adam there was not found a helper like himself. 21Then the Lord God cast a deep sleep upon Adam: and when he was fast asleep, he took one of his ribs, and filled up flesh for it. 22And the Lord God built the rib which he took from Adam into a woman: and brought her to Adam. 23And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man. 24Wherefore a man shall leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they shall be two in one flesh. 25And they were both naked: to wit, Adam and his wife: and were not ashamed.

Chapter 3

1Now the serpent was more subtle than any of the beasts of the earth which the Lord God made. And he said to the woman: Why hath God commanded you, that you should not eat of every tree of paradise? 2And the woman answered him, saying: Of the fruit of the trees that are in paradise we do eat: 3But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of paradise, God hath commanded us that we should not eat; and that we should not touch it, lest perhaps we die. 4And the serpent said to the woman: No, you shall not die the death. 5For God doth know that in what day soever you shall eat thereof, your eyes shall be opened: and you shall be as Gods, knowing good and evil. 6And the woman saw that the tree was good to eat, and fair to the eyes, and delightful to behold: and she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave to her husband who did eat. 7And the eyes of them both were opened: and when they perceived themselves to be naked, they sewed together fig leaves, and made themselves aprons. 8And when they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in paradise at the afternoon air, Adam and his wife hid themselves from the face of the Lord God, amidst the trees of paradise. 9And the Lord God called Adam, and said to him: Where art thou? 10And he said: I heard thy voice in paradise; and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself. 11And he said to him: And who hath told thee that thou wast naked, but that thou hast eaten of the tree whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldst not eat? 12And Adam said: The woman, whom thou gavest me to be my companion, gave me of the tree, and I did eat. 13And the Lord God said to the woman: Why hast thou done this? And she answered: The serpent deceived me, and I did eat. 14And the Lord God said to the serpent: Because thou hast done this thing, thou art cursed among all cattle, and the beasts of the earth: upon thy breast shalt thou go, and earth shalt thou eat all the days of thy life. 15I will put enmities between thee and the woman, and thy seed and her seed: she shall crush thy head, and thou shalt lie in wait for her heel. 16To the woman also he said: I will multiply thy sorrows, and thy conceptions: in sorrow shalt thou bring forth children, and thou shalt be under thy husband's power, and he shall have dominion over thee. 17And to Adam he said: Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldst not eat, cursed is the earth in thy work; with labour and toil shalt thou eat thereof all the days of thy life. 18Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou eat the herbs of the earth. 19In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread till thou return to the earth, out of which thou wast taken: for dust thou art, and into dust thou shalt return. 20And Adam called the name of his wife Eve: because she was the mother of all the living. 21And the Lord God made for Adam and his wife, garments of skins, and clothed them. 22And he said: Behold Adam is become as one of us, knowing good and evil: now, therefore, lest perhaps he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever. 23And the Lord God sent him out of the paradise of pleasure, to till the earth from which he was taken. 24And he cast out Adam; and placed before the paradise of pleasure Cherubims, and a flaming sword, turning every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Chapter 4

1And Adam knew Eve his wife: who conceived and brought forth Cain, saying: I have gotten a man through God. 2And again she brought forth his brother Abel. And Abel was a shepherd, and Cain a husbandman. 3And it came to pass after many days, that Cain offered, of the fruits of the earth, gifts to the Lord. 4Abel also offered of the firstlings of his flock, and of their fat: and the Lord had respect to Abel, and to his offerings. 5But to Cain and his offerings he had no respect: and Cain was exceedingly angry, and his countenance fell. 6And the Lord said to him: Why art thou angry? and why is thy countenance fallen? 7If thou do well, shalt thou not receive? but if ill, shall not sin forthwith be present at the door? but the lust thereof shall be under thee, and thou shalt have dominion over it. 8And Cain said to Abel his brother: Let us go forth abroad. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel, and slew him. 9And the Lord said to Cain: Where is thy brother Abel? And he answered, I know not: am I my brother's keeper? 10And he said to him: What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother's blood crieth to me from the earth. 11Now, therefore, cursed shalt thou be upon the earth, which hath opened her mouth and received the blood of thy brother at thy hand, 12When thou shalt till it, it shall not yield to thee its fruit: a fugitive and vagabond shalt thou be upon the earth. 13And Cain said to the Lord: My iniquity is greater than that I may deserve pardon. 14Behold thou dost cast me out this day from the face of the earth, and I shall be hidden from thy face, and I shall be a vagabond and a fugitive on the earth: everyone, therefore, that findeth me, shall kill me. 15And the Lord said to him: No, it shall not be so: but whosoever shall kill Cain, shall be punished sevenfold. And the Lord set a mark upon Cain, that whosoever found him should not kill him. 16And Cain went out from the face of the Lord, and dwelt as a fugitive on the earth, at the east side of Eden. 17And Cain knew his wife, and she conceived, and brought forth Henoch: and he built a city, and called the name thereof by the name of his son Henoch. 18And Henoch begot Irad, and Irad begot Maviael, and Maviael begot Mathusael, and Mathusael begot Lamech: 19Who took two wives: the name of the one was Ada, and the name of the other was Sella. 20And Ada brought forth Jabel: who was the father of such as dwell in tents, and of herdsmen. 21And his brother's name was Jubal; he was the father of them that play upon the harp and the organs. 22Sella also brought forth Tubalcain, who was a hammerer and artificer in every work of brass and iron. And the sister of Tubalcain was Noema. 23And Lamech said to his wives Ada and Sell: Hear my voice, ye wives of Lamech, hearken to my speech: for I have slain a man to the wounding of myself, and a stripling to my own bruising. 24Sevenfold vengeance shall be taken for Cain: but for Lamech seventy times sevenfold. 25Adam also knew his wife again: and she brought forth a son, and called his name Seth, saying: God hath given me another seed, for Abel whom Cain slew. 26But to Seth also was born a son, whom he called Enos; this man began to call upon the name of the Lord.

Chapter 5

1This is the book of the generation of Adam. In the day that God created man, he made him to the likeness of God. 2He created them male and female; and blessed them: and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created. 3And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot a son to his own image and likeness, and called his name Seth. 4And the days of Adam, after he begot Seth, were eight hundred years: and he begot sons and daughters. 5And all the time that Adam lived came to nine hundred and thirty years, and he died. 6Seth also lived a hundred and five years, and begot Enos. 7And Seth lived after he begot Enos, eight hundred and seven years, and begot sons and daughters. 8And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died. 9And Enos lived ninety years, and begot Cainan. 10After whose birth he lived eight hundred and fifteen years, and begot sons and daughters. 11And the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years, and he died. 12And Cainan lived seventy years, and begot Malaleel. 13And Cainan lived after he begot Malaleel, eight hundred forty years, and begot sons and daughters. 14And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years, and he died. 15And Malaleel lived sixty-five years, and begot Jared. 16And Malaleel lived after he begot Jared, eight hundred and thirty years, and begot sons and daughters. 17And all the days of Malaleel were eight hundred and ninety-five years, and he died. 18And Jared lived a hundred and sixty-two years, and begot Henoch. 19And Jared lived after he begot Henoch, eight hundred years, and begot sons and daughters. 20And all the days of Jared were nine hundred and sixty-two years, and he died. 21And Henoch lived sixty-five years, and begot Mathusala. 22And Henoch walked with God: and lived after he begot Mathusala, three hundred years, and begot sons and daughters. 23And all the days of Henoch were three hundred and sixty-five years. 24And he walked with God, and was seen no more: because God took him. 25And Mathusala lived a hundred and eighty-seven years, and begot Lamech. 26And Mathusala lived after he begot Lamech, seven hundred and eighty-two years, and begot sons and daughters. 27And all the days of Mathusala were nine hundred and sixty-nine years, and he died. 28And Lamech lived a hundred and eighty-two years, and begot a son. 29And he called his name Noe, saying: This same shall comfort us from the works and labours of our hands on the earth which the Lord hath cursed. 30And Lamech lived after he begot Noe, five hundred and ninety-five years, and he begot sons and daughters. 31And all the days of Lamech came to seven hundred and seventy-seven years, and he died. And Noe, when he was five hundred years old, begot Sem, Cham, and Japheth.

Chapter 6

1And after that men began to be multiplied upon the earth, and daughters were born to them. 2The sons of God seeing the daughters of men, that they were fair, took themselves wives of all which they chose. 3And God said: My spirit shall not remain in man for ever, because he is flesh, and his days shall be a hundred and twenty years. 4Now giants were upon the earth in those days. For after the sons of God went in to the daughters of men and they brought forth children, these are the mighty men of old, men of renown. 5And God seeing that the wickedness of men was great on the earth, and that all the thought of their heart was bent upon evil at all times, 6It repented him that he had made man on the earth. And being touched inwardly with sorrow of heart, 7He said: I will destroy man, whom I have created, from the face of the earth, from man even to beasts, from the creeping thing even to the fowls of the air, for it repenteth me that I have made them. 8But Noe found grace before the Lord. 9These are the generations of Noe: Noe was a just and perfect man in his generations, he walked with God. 10And he begot three sons, Sem, Cham, and Japheth. 11And the earth was corrupted before God, and was filled with iniquity. 12And when God had seen that the earth was corrupted (for all flesh had corrupted its way upon the earth,) 13He said to Noe: The end of all flesh is come before me, the earth is filled with iniquity through them, and I will destroy them with the earth. 14Make thee an ark of timber planks: thou shalt make little rooms in the ark, and thou shalt pitch it within and without. 15And thus shalt thou make it: The length of the ark shall be three hundred cubits: the breadth of it fifty cubits, and the height of it thirty cubits. 16Thou shalt make a window in the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish the top of it: and the door of the ark thou shalt set in the side: with lower, middle chambers, and third stories shalt thou make it. 17Behold I will bring the waters of a great flood upon the earth, to destroy all flesh, wherein is the breath of life, under heaven. All things that are in the earth shall be consumed. 18And I will establish my covenant with thee, and thou shalt enter into the ark, thou and thy sons, and thy wife, and the wives of thy sons with thee. 19And of every living creature of all flesh, thou shalt bring two of each sort into the ark, that they may live with thee: of the male sex, and the female. 20Of fowls according to their kind, and of beasts in their kind, and of every thing that creepeth on earth according to its kind; two of every sort shall go in with thee, that they may live. 21Thou shalt take unto thee of all food that may be eaten, and thou shalt lay it up with thee: and it shall be food for thee and them. 22And Noe did all things which God commanded him.

Chapter 7

1And the Lord said to him: Go in thou and all thy house into the ark: for thee I have seen just before me in this generation. 2Of all clean beasts take seven and seven, the male and female. 3But of the beasts that are unclean two and two, the male and female. Of the fowls also of the air seven and seven, the male and the female: that seed may be saved upon the face of the whole earth. 4For yet a while, and after seven days, I will rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and I will destroy every substance that I have made, from the face of the earth. 5And Noe did all things which the Lord had commanded him. 6And he was six hundred years old, when the waters of the flood overflowed the earth. 7And Noe went in and his sons, his wife and the wives of his sons with him into the ark, because of the waters of the flood. 8And of the beasts clean and unclean, and of fowls, and of every thing that moveth upon the earth, 9Two and two went in to Noe into the ark, male and female, as the Lord had commanded Noe. 10And after seven days were passed, the waters of the flood overflowed the earth. 11In the six hundreth year of the life of Noe in the second month, in the seventeenth day of the month, all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the flood gates of heaven were open: 12And the rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights. 13In the selfsame day Noe, and Sem, and Cham, and Japheth his sons: his wife, and the three wives of his sons with them, went into the ark: 14They and every beast according to its kind, and all the cattle in their kind, and every thing that moveth upon the earth according to its kind, and every fowl according to its kind, and every fowl according to its kind, all birds, and all that fly. 15Went in to Noe into the ark, two and two of all flesh, wherein was the breath of life. 16And they that went in, went in male and female of all flesh, as God had commanded him: and the Lord shut him in on the outside. 17And the flood was forty days upon the earth, and the waters increased, and lifted up the ark on high from earth. 18For they overflowed exceedingly: and filled all on the face of the earth: and the ark was carried upon the waters. 19And the waters prevailed beyond measure upon the earth: and all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered. 20The water was fifteen cubits higher than the mountains which it covered. 21And all flesh was destroyed that moved upon the earth, both of fowl, and of cattle, and of beasts, and of all creeping things that creep upon the earth: and all men. 22And all things wherein there is the breath of life on the earth, died. 23And he destroyed all the substance that was upon the earth, from man to beast, and the creeping things and fowls of the air: and they were destroyed from the earth: and Noe only remained, and they that were with him in the ark. 24And the waters prevailed upon the earth a hundred and fifty days.

Chapter 8

1And God remembered Noe, and all the living creatures, and all the cattle which were with him in the ark, and brought a wind upon the earth, and the waters were abated. 2The fountains also of the deep, and the flood gates of heaven were shut up, and the rain from heaven was restrained. 3And the waters returned from off the earth going and coming: and they began to be abated after a hundred and fifty days. 4And the ark rested in the seventh month, the seven and twentieth day of the month, upon the mountains of Armenia. 5And the waters were going and decreasing until the tenth month: for in the tenth month, the first day of the month, the tops of the mountains appeared. 6And after that forty days were passed, Noe, opening the window of the ark which he had made, sent forth a raven: 7Which went forth and did not return, till the waters were dried up upon the earth. 8He sent forth also a dove after him, to see if the waters had now ceased upon the face of the earth. 9But she, not finding where her foot might rest, returned to him into the ark: for the waters were upon the whole earth: and he put forth his hand, and caught her, and brought her into the ark. 10And having waited yet seven other days, he again sent forth the dove out of the ark. 11And she came to him in the evening, carrying a bough of an olive tree, with green leaves, in her mouth. Noe therefore understood that the waters were ceased upon the earth. 12And he stayed yet other seven days: and he sent forth the dove, which returned not any more unto him. 13Therefore in the six hundreth and first year, the first month, the first day of the month, the waters were lessened upon the earth, and Noe opening the covering of the ark, looked, and saw that the face of the earth was dried. 14In the second month, the seven and twentieth day of the month, the earth was dried. 15And God spoke to Noe, saying: 16Go out of the ark, thou and thy wife, thy sons, and the wives of thy sons with thee. 17All livings things that are with thee of all flesh, as well in fowls as in beasts, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, bring out with thee, and go ye upon the earth: increased and multiply upon it. 18So Noe went out, he and his sons: his wife, and the wives of his sons with him. 19And all living things, and cattle, and creeping things that creep upon the earth, according to their kinds, went out of the ark. 20And Noe built an altar unto the Lord: and taking of all cattle and fowls that were clean, offered holocausts upon the altar. 21And the Lord smelled a sweet savour, and said: I will no more curse the earth for the sake of man: for the imagination and thought of man's heart are prone to evil from his youth: therefore I will no more destroy every living soul as I have done. 22All the days of the earth, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, night and day, shall not cease.

Chapter 9

1And God blessed Noe and his sons. And he said to them: Increase and multiply, and fill the earth. 2And let the fear and dread of you be upon all the beasts of the earth, and upon all the fowls of the air, and all that move upon the earth: all the fishes of the sea are delivered into your hand. 3And every thing that moveth and liveth shall be meat for you: even as the green herbs have I delivered them all to you: 4Saving that flesh with blood you shall not eat. 5For I will require the blood of your lives at the hand of every beast, and at the hand of man, at the hand of every man, and of his brother, will I require the life of man. 6Whosoever shall shed man's blood, his blood shall be shed: for man was made to the image of God. 7But increase you and multiply, and go upon the earth, and fill it. 8This also said God to Noe, and to his sons with him, 9Behold I will establish my covenant with you, and with your seed after you: 10And with every living soul that is with you, as well in all birds as in cattle and beasts of the earth, that are come forth out of the ark, and in all the beasts of the earth. 11I will establish my covenant with you, and all flesh shall be no more destroyed with the waters of a flood, neither shall there be from henceforth a flood to waste the earth. 12And God said: This is the sign of the covenant which I will give between me and you, and to every living soul that is with you, for perpetual generations. 13I will set my bow in the clouds, and it shall be the sign of a covenant between me, and between the earth. 14And when I shall cover the sky with clouds, my bow shall appear in the clouds: 15And I will remember my covenant with you, and with every living soul that beareth flesh: and there shall no more be waters of a flood to destroy all flesh. 16And the bow shall be in the clouds, and I shall see it, and shall remember the everlasting covenant, that was made between God and every living soul of all flesh which is upon the earth. 17And God said to Noe: This shall be the sign of the covenant which I have established between me and all flesh upon the earth. 18And the sons of Noe who came out of the ark, were Sem, Cham, and Japheth: and Cham is the father of Chanaan. 19These three are the sons of Noe: and from these was all mankind spread over the whole earth. 20And Noe, a husbandman, began to till the ground, and planted a vineyard. 21And drinking of the wine was made drunk, and was uncovered in his tent. 22Which when Cham the father of Chaanan had seen, to wit, that his father's nakedness was uncovered, he told it to his two brethren without. 23But Sem and Japheth put a cloak upon their shoulders, and going backward, covered the nakedness of their father: and their faces were turned away, and they saw not their father's nakedness. 24And Noe awaking from the wine, when he had learned what his younger son had done to him, 25He said: Cursed be Chaanan, a servant of servants, shall he be unto his brethren. 26And he said: Blessed be the Lord God of Sem, be Chanaan his servant. 27May God enlarge Japheth, and may he dwell in the tents of Sem, and Chanaan be his servant. 28And Noe lived after the flood three hundred and fifty years: 29And all his days were in the whole nine hundred and fifty years: and he died.

Chapter 10

1These are the generations of the sons of Noe: Sem, Cham, and Japheth: and unto them sons were born after the flood. 2The sons of Japheth: Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Thubal, and Mosoch, and Thiras. 3And the sons of Gomer: Ascenez and Riphath and Thogorma. 4And the sons of Javan: Elisa and Tharsis, Cetthim, and Dodanim. 5By these were divided the islands of the Gentiles in their lands, every one according to his tongue and their families in their nations. 6And the sons of Cham: Chus, and Mesram, and Phuth, and Chanaan. 7And the sons of Chus: Saba and Hevila, and Sabatha, and Regma, and Sabatacha. The sons of Regma: Saba and Dadan. 8Now Chus begot Nemrod: he began to be mighty on earth. 9And he was a stout hunter before the Lord. Hence came a proverb: Even as Nemrod the stout hunter before the Lord. 10And the beginning of his kingdom was Babylon, and Arach, and Achad, and Chalanne in the land of Sennaar. 11Out of that land came forth Assur, and built Ninive, and the streets of the city, and Chale. 12Resen also between Ninive and Chale: this is the great city. 13And Mesraim begot Ludim, and Anamim, and Laabim, Nepthuim, 14And Phetrusim, and Chasluim; of whom came forth the Philistines, and the Capthorim. 15And Chanaan begot Sidon, his firstborn, the Hethite, 16And the Jebusite, and the Amorrhite, and the Gergesite, 17The Hevite and the Aracite: the Sinite, 18And the Aradian, the Samarite, and the Hamathite: and afterwards the families of the Chanaanites were spread abroad. 19And the limits of Chanaan were from Sidon as one comes to Gerara even to Gaza, until thou enter Sodom and Gomorrha, and Adama, and Seboim even to Lesa. 20These are the children of Cham in their kindreds, and tongues, and generations, and lands, and nations. 21Of Sem also, the father of all children of Heber, the elder brother of Japheth, sons were born. 22The sons of Sem: Elam and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram. 23The sons of Aram: Us and Hull, and Gether: and Mess. 24But Arphaxad begot Sale, of whom was born Heber. 25And to Heber were born two sons: the name of the one was Phaleg, because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother's name Jectan. 26Which Jectan begot Elmodad, and Saleph, and Asarmoth, Jare, 27And Anduram, and Uzal, and Decla, 28And Ebal, and Abimael, Saba, 29And Ophir, and Hevila, and Jobab. 30And their dwelling was from Messa as we go on as far as Sephar, a mountain in the east. 31These are the children of Sem according to their kindreds and tongues, and countries in their nations. 32These are the families of Noe, according to their peoples and nations. By these were the nations divided on the earth after the flood.

Chapter 11

1And the earth was of one tongue, and of the same speech. 2And when they removed from the east, they found a plain in the land of Sennaar, and dwelt in it. 3And each one said to his neighbour: Come, let us make brick, and bake them of stones, and slime instead of mortar. 4And they said: Come, let us make a city and a tower, the top whereof may reach to heaven: and let us make our name famous before we be scattered abroad into all lands. 5And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of Adam were building. 6And he said: Behold, it is one people, and all have one tongue: and they have begun to do this, neither will they leave off from their designs, till they accomplish them in deed. 7Come ye, therefore, let us go down, and there may not understand one another's speech. 8And so the Lord scattered them from that place into all lands, and they ceased to build the city. 9And therefore the name thereof was called Babel, because there the language of the whole earth was confounded: and from thence the Lord scattered them abroad upon the face of all countries. 10These are the generations of Sem: Sem was a hundred years old when he begot Arphaxad, two years old when he begot Arphaxad, two years after the flood. 11And Sem lived after he begot Arphaxad, five hundred years, and begot sons and daughters. 12And Arphaxad lived thirty-five years, and begot Sale. 13And Arphaxad lived after he begot Sale, three hundred and three years; and begot sons and daughters. 14Sale also lived thirty years, and begot Heber. 15And Sale lived after he begot Heber, four hundred and three years; and begot sons and daughters. 16And Heber lived thirty-four years, and begot Phaleg. 17And Heber lived after he begot Phaleg, four hundred and thirty years: and begot sons and daughters. 18Phaleg also lived thirty years, and begot Reu. 19And Phaleg lived after he begot Reu, two hundred and nine years, and begot sons and daughters. 20And Reu lived thirty-two years, and begot Sarug. 21And Reu lived after he begot Sarug, two hundred and seven years, and begot sons and daughters. 22And Sarug lived thirty years, and begot Nachor. 23And Sarug lived after he begot Nachor, two hundred years: and begot sons and daughters. 24And Nachor lived nine and twenty years, and begot Thare. 25And Nachor lived after he begot Thare, a hundred and nineteen years: and begot sons and daughters. 26And Thare lived seventy years, and begot Abram, and Nachor, and Aran. 27And these are the generations of Thare: Thare begot Abram, Nachor, and Aran. And Aran begot Lot. 28And Aran died before Thare his father, in the land of his nativity in Ur of the Chaldees. 29And Abram and Nachor married wives: the name of Abram's wife was Sarai: and the name of Nachor's wife, Melcha, the daughter of Aran, father of Melcha, and father of Jescha. 30And Sarai was barren, and had no children. 31And Thare took Abram, his son, and Lot the son of Aran, his son's son, and Sarai his daughter in law, the wife of Abram his son, and brought them out of Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Chanaan: and they came as far as Haran, and dwelt there. 32And the days of Thare were tow hundred and five years, and he died in Haran.

Chapter 12

1And the Lord said to Abram: Go forth out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and out of they father's house, and come into the land which I shall shew thee. 2And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and magnify thy name, and thou shalt be blessed. 3I will bless them that bless thee, and curse them that curse thee, and IN THEE shall all the kindred of the earth be blessed: 4So Abram went out as the Lord had commanded him, and Lot went with him: Abram was seventy-five years old when he went forth from Haran. 5And he took Sarai his wife, and Lot his brother's son, and all the substance which they had gathered, and the souls which they had gotten in Haran: and they went out to go into the land of Chanaan. And when they were come into it, 6Abram passed through the country into the place of Sichem, as far as the noble vale: now the Chanaanite was at that time in the land. 7And the Lord appeared to Abram, and said to him: To thy seed will I give this land. And he built there an altar to the Lord, who had appeared to him. 8And passing on from thence to a mountain, that was on the east side of Bethel, he there pitched his tent, having Bethel on the west, and Hai on the east; he built there also an altar to the Lord, and called upon his name. 9And Abram went forward, going, and proceeding on to the south. 10And there came a famine in the country; and Abram went down into Egypt, to sojourn there: for the famine was very grievous in the land. 11And when he was near to enter into Egypt, he said to Sarai his wife: I know that thou art a beautiful woman: 12And that when the Egyptians shall see thee, they will say: She is his wife: and they will kill me, and keep thee. 13Say, therefore, I pray thee, that thou art my sister: that I may be well used for thee, and that my soul may live for thy sake. 14And when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians saw the woman that she was very beautiful. 15And the princes told Pharao, and praised her before him: and the woman was taken into the house of Pharao. 16And they used Abram well for her sake. And he had sheep and oxen, and he asses, and menservants and maidservants, and she asses, and camels. 17But the Lord scourged Pharao and his house with most grievous stripes for Sarai, Abram's wife. 18And Pharao called Abram, and said to him: What is this that thou hast done to me? Why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife. 19For what cause didst thou say, she was thy sister, that I might take her to my wife? Now therefore, there is thy wife, take her, and go thy way. 20And Pharao gave his men orders concerning Abram: and they led him away, and his wife, and all that he had.

Chapter 13

1And Abram went up out of Egypt, he and his wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the south. 2And he was very rich in possession of gold and silver. 3And he returned by the way that he came, from the south to Bethel, to the place where before he had pitched his tent between Bethel and Hai: 4In the place of the altar which he had made before; and there he called upon the name of the Lord. 5But Lot also, who was with Abram, had flocks of sheep, and herds of beasts, and tents. 6Neither was the land able to bear them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, and they could not dwell together. 7Whereupon also there arose a strife between the herdsmen of Abram and of Lot. And at that time the Chanaanite and the Pherezite dwelled in that country. 8Abram therefore said to Lot: Let there be no quarrel, I beseech thee, between me and thee, and between my herdsmen and thy herdsmen: for we are brethren. 9Behold the whole land is before thee: depart from me I pray thee: if thou wilt go to the left hand, I will take the right: if thou choose the right hand, I will pass to the left. 10And Lot, lifting up his eyes, saw all the country about the Jordan, which was watered throughout, before the Lord destroyed Sodom and Gomorrha, as the paradise of the Lord, and like Egypt as one comes to Segor. 11And Lot chose to himself the country about the Jordan, and he departed from the east: and they were separated one brother from the other. 12Abram dwelt in the land of Chanaan; and Lot abode in the towns that were about the Jordan, and dwelt in Sodom. 13And the men of Sodom were very wicked, and sinners before the face of the Lord, beyond measure. 14And the Lord said to Abram, after Lot was separated from him: Lift up thy eyes, and look from the place wherein thou now art, to the north and to the south, to the east and to the west. 15All the land which thou seest, I will give to thee, and to thy seed for ever. 16And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: if any man be able to number the dust of the earth, he shall be able to number thy seed also. 17Arise and walk through the land in the length, and in the breadth thereof: for I will give it to thee. 18So Abram removing his tent came and dwelt by the vale of Mambre, which is in Hebron: and he built there an altar to the Lord.

Chapter 14

1And it came to pass at that time, that Amraphel king of Sennaar, and Arioch king of Pontus, and Chodorlahomor king of the Elamites, and Thadal king of nations, 2Made war against Bara king of Sodom, and against Bersa king of Gomorrha, and against Sennaab king of Adama, and against Semeber king of Seboim, and against the king of Bala, which is Segor. 3All these came together into the woodland vale, which now is the salt sea. 4For they had served Chodorlahomor twelve years, and in the thirteenth year they revolted from him. 5And in the fourteenth year came Chodorlahomor, and the kings that were with him: and they smote the Raphaim in Astarothcarnaim, and the Zuzim with them, and the Emim in Save of Cariathaim. 6And the Chorreans in the mountains of Seir, even to the plains of Pharan, which is in the wilderness. 7And they returned, and came to the fountain of Misphat, the same is Cades: and they smote all the country of the Amalecites, and the Amorrhean that dwelt in Asasonthamar. 8And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha, and the king of Adama, and the king of Seboim, and the king of Bala, which is Segor, went out: and they set themselves against them in battle array in the woodland vale: 9To wit, against Chodorlahomor king of the Elamites, and Thadal king of nations, and Amraphel king of Sennaar, and Arioch king of Pontus: four kings against five. 10Now the woodland vale had many pits of slime. And the king of Sodom, and the king of Gomorrha turned their backs and were overthrown there: and they that remained fled to the mountain. 11And they took all the substance of the Sodomites, and Gomorrhites, and all their victuals, and went their way: 12And Lot also, the son of Abram's brother, who dwelt in Sodom, and his substance. 13And behold one that had escaped told Abram the Hebrew, who dwelt in the vale of Mambre the Amorrhite, the brother of Escol, and the brother of Aner: for these had made league with Abram. 14Which when Abram had heard, to wit, that his brother Lot was taken, he numbered of the servants born in his house, three hundred and eighteen well appointed: and pursued them to Dan. 15And dividing his company, he rushed upon them in the night: and defeated them, and pursued them as far as Hoba, which is on the left hand of Damascus. 16And he brought back all the substance, and Lot his brother, with his substance, the women also the people. 17And the king of Sodom went out to meet him, after he returned from the slaughter of Chodorlahomor, and of the kings that were with him in the vale of Save, which is the king's vale. 18But Melchisedech the king of Salem, bringing forth bread and wine, for he was the priest of the most high God, 19Blessed him, and said: Blessed be Abram by the most high God, who created heaven and earth. 20And blessed be the most high God, by whose protection the enemies are in thy hands. And he gace him the tithes of all. 21And the king of Sodom said to Abram: Give me the persons, and the rest take to thyself. 22And he answered him: I lift up my hand to the Lord God the most high, the possessor of heaven and earth, 23That from the very woof thread unto the shoe latchet, I will not take of any things that are thine, lest thou say I have enriched Abram: 24Except such things as the young men have eaten, and the shares of the men that came with me, Aner, Escol, and Mambre: these shall take their shares.

Chapter 15

1Now when these things were done, the word of the Lord came to Abram by a vision, saying: Fear not, Abram, I am thy protector, and thy reward exceeding great. 2And Abram said: Lord God, what wilt thou give me? I shall go without children: and the son of the steward of my house is this Damascus Eliezer. 3And Abram added: But to me thou hast not given seed: and lo my servant, born in my house, shall be my heir. 4And immediately the word of the Lord came to him, saying: He shall not be thy heir: but he that shall come out of thy bowels, him shalt thou have for thy heir. 5And he thought him forth abroad, and said to him: Look up to heaven and number the stars, if thou canst. And he said to him: So shall thy seed be. 6Abram believed God, and it was reputed to him unto justice. 7And he said to him: I am the Lord who brought thee out from Ur of the Chaldees, to gibe thee this land, and that thou mightest possess it. 8But he said: Lord God, whereby may I know that I shall possess it? 9And the Lord answered, and said: Take me a cow of three years old, and a she goat of three years, and a ram of three years, a turtle also, and a pigeon. 10And he took all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid the two pieces of each one against the other; but the birds he divided not. 11And the fowls came down upon carcasses, and Abram drove them away. 12And when the sun was setting, a deep sleep fell upon Abram, and a great and darksome horror seized upon him. 13And it was said unto him: Know thou beforehand that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land not their own, and they shall bring them under bondage, and afflict them four hundred years. 14But I will judge the nation which they shall serve, and after this they shall come out with great substance. 15And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace, and be buried in a good old age. 16But in the fourth generation they shall return hither: for as yet the iniquities of the Amorrhites are not at the full until this present time. 17And when the sun was set, there arose a dark mist, and there appeared a smoking furnace and a lamp of fire passing between those divisions. 18That day God made a covenant with Abram, saying: To thy seed will I give this land, from the river of Egypt even to the great river Euphrates. 19The Cineans and Cenezites, the Cedmonites, 20And the Hethites, and the Pherezites, the Raphaim also, 21And the Amorrhites, and the Chanaanits, and the Gergesites, and the Jebusites.

Chapter 16

1Now Sarai the wife of Abram, had brought forth no children; having a handmaid, an Egyptian, named Agar, 2She said to her husband: Behold, the Lord hath restrained me from bearing: go in unto my handmaid, it may be I may have children of her at least. And when he agreed to her request, 3She took Agar the Egyptian her handmaid, ten years after they first dwelt in the land of Chanaan, and gave her to her husband to wife. 4And he went in to her. But she, perceiving that she was with child, despised her mistress. 5And Sarai said to Abram: Thou dost unjustly with me: I gave my handmaid into thy bosom, and she perceiving herself to be with child, despiseth me. The Lord judge between me and thee. 6And Abram made answer, and said to her: Behold thy handmaid is in thy own hand, use her as it pleaseth thee. And when Sarai afflicted her, she ran away. 7And the angel of the Lord having found her, by a fountain of water in the wilderness, which is in the way to Sur in the desert, 8He said to her: Agar, handmaid of Sarai, whence comest thou? and whither goest thou? And she answered: I flee from the face of Sarai, my mistress. 9And the angel of the Lord said to her: Return to thy mistress, and humble thyself under her hand. 10And again he said: I will multiply thy seed exceedingly, and it shall not be numbered for multitude. 11And again: Behold, said he, thou art with child, and thou shalt bring forth a son: and thou shalt call his name Ismael, because the Lord hath heard thy affliction. 12He shall be a wild man: his hand will be against all men, and all men's hands against him: and he shall pitch his tents over against all his brethren. 13And she called the name of the Lord that spoke unto her: Thou the God who hast seen me. For she said: Verily here have I seen the hinder parts of him that seeth me. 14Therefore she called that well, The well of him that liveth and seeth me. The same is between Cades and Bared. 15And Agar brought forth a son to Abram: who called his name Ismael. 16Abram was fourscore and six years old when Agar brought him forth Ismael.

Chapter 17

1And after he began to be ninety and nine years old, the Lord appeared to him: and said unto him: I am the Almighty God: walk before me, and be perfect. 2And I will make my covenant between me and thee: and I will multiply thee exceedingly. 3Abram tell flat on his face. 4And God said to him: I AM, and my covenant is with thee, and thou shalt be a father of many nations. 5Neither shall thy name be called any more Abram: but thou shalt be called Abraham: because I have made thee a father of many nations. 6And I will make thee increase, exceedingly, and I will make nations of thee, and kings shall come out of thee. 7And I will establish my covenant between me and thee, and between thy sad after thee in their generations, by a perpetual covenant: to be a God to thee, and to thy seed after thee. 8And I will give to thee, and to thy seed, the land of thy sojournment, all the land of Chanaan for a perpetual possession, and I will be their God. 9Again God said to Abraham: And thou therefore shalt keep my covenant, and thy seed after thee in their generations. 10This is my covenant which you shall observe, between me and you, and thy seed after thee: All the male kind of you shall be circumcised: 11And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, that it may be for a h sign of the covenant between me and you. 12An infant of eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations: he that is born in the house, as well as the bought servant shall be circumcised, and whosoever is not of your stock: 13And my covenant shall be in your flesh for a perpetual covenant. 14The male, whose dash of his foreskin shall not be circumcised, that soul shall be destroyed out of his people: because he hath broken my covenant. 15God said also to Abraham: Sarai thy wife thou shalt not call Sarai, but Sara. 16And I will bless her, and of her I will give thee a son, whom I will bless, and he shell become nations, and kings of people shall spring from him. 17Abraham fell upon his face, and laughed, saying in his heart: Shall a son, thinkest thou, be born to him that is a hundred years old? and shall Sara that is ninety years old bring forth? 18And he said to God: O that Ismael may live before thee. 19And God said to Abraham: Sara thy wife shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name Isaac, and I will establish my covenant with him for a perpetual covenant, and with his seed after him. 20And as for Ismael I have also heard thee. Behold, I will bless him, and increase, and multiply him exceedingly: he shall beget twelve chiefs, and I will make him a great nation. 21But my covenant I will establish with Isaac, whom Sara shall bring forth to thee at this time in the next year. 22And when he had left oil speaking with him, God went up from Abraham. 23And Abraham took Ismael his son, and all that were born in his house: and all whom he had bought, every male among the men of his house: and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskin forthwith the very same day, as God had commanded him. 24Abraham was ninety and nine years old, when he circumcised the flesh of his foreskin. 25And Ismael his son was full thirteen years old at the time of his circumcision. 27And all the men of his house, as well they that were born in his house, as the bought servants and strangers were circumcised with him. 28The selfsame day was Abraham circumcised and Ismael his son.

Chapter 18

1And the Lord appeared to him in the vale of Mambre as he was sitting at the door of his tent, in the very heat of the day. 2And when he had lifted up his eyes, there appeared to him three men standing near him: and as soon as he saw them he ran to meet them from the door of his tent, and adored down to the ground. 3And he said: Lord, if I have found favour in thy sight, pass not away from thy servant: 4But I will fetch a little water, and wash ye your feet, and rest ye under the tree. 5And I will set a morsel of bread, and strengthen ye your heart, afterwards you shall pass on: for therefore are you come aside to your servant. And they said: Do as thou hast spoken. 6Abraham made haste into the tent to Sera, and said to her: Make haste, temper together three measures of flour, and make cakes upon the hearth. 7And he himself ran to the herd, and took from thence a calf very tender and very good, and gave it to a young man: who made haste and boiled it. 8He took also butter and milk, and the calf which he had boiled, and set before them: but he stood by them under the tree. 9And when they had eaten, they said to him: Where is Sara thy wife? He answered: Lo, she is in the tent. 10And he said to him: I will return and come to thee at this time, life accompanying and Sara thy wife shall have a son. Which when Sara heard, she laughed behind the door of the tent. 11Now they were both old, and far advanced in years, and it had ceased to be with Sara after the manner of women. 12And she laughed secretly, saying: After I am grown old and my lord is an old man, shall I give myself to pleasure? 13And the Lord said to Abraham: Why did Sera laugh, saying: Shall I who am an old woman bear a child indeed ? 14Is there any thing hard to God? according to appointment I will return to thee at this same time, life accompanying, and Sara shall have a son. 15Sara denied, saying: I did not laugh: for she was afraid. But the Lord said, Nay: but thou didst laugh: 16And when the men rose up from thence, they turned their eyes towards Sodom: and Abraham walked with them, bringing them on the way. 17And the Lord said: Can I hide from Abraham what I am about to do: 18"Seeing he shall become a great and mighty nation, and in him all the nations of the earth shall be blessed? 19For I know that he will command his children, and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord, and do judgment and justice: that for Abraham's sake the Lord may bring to effect all the things he hath spoken unto him. 20And the Lord said: The cry of Sodom and Gomorrha is multiplied, and their sin is become exceedingly grievous. 21I will go down and see whether they have done according to the cry that is come to me: or whether it be not so, that I may know. 22And they turned themselves from thence, and went their way to Sodom: but Abraham as yet stood before the Lord. 23And drawing nigh he said: Wilt thou destroy the just with the wicked? 24If there be fifty just men in the city, shall they perish withal? and wilt thou not spare that place for the sake of the fifty just, if they be therein? 25Far be it from thee to do this thing, and to slay the just with the wicked, and for the just to be in like case as the wicked, this is not beseeming thee: thou who judgest all the earth, wilt not make this judgment. 26And the Lord said to him: If I And in Sodom fifty just within the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake. 27And Abraham answered, and said: Seeing I have once begun, I will speak to my Lord, whereas I am dust and ashes. 28What if there be five less than fifty just persons? wilt thou for five and forty destroy the whole city? And he said: I will not destroy it, if I find five and forty. 29And again he said to him: But if forty be found there, what wilt thou do? He said: I will not destroy it for the sake of forty. 30Lord, saith he, be not angry, I beseech thee, if I speak: What if thirty shall be found there? He answered: I will not do it, if I And thirty there. 31Seeing, saith he, I have once begun, I will speak to my Lord. What if twenty be found there? He said: I will not destroy it for the sake of twenty. 32I beseech thee, saith he, be not angry, Lord, if I speak yet once more: What if tell should be found there ? And he said: I will not destroy it for the sake of ten. 33And the Lord departed, after he had left speaking to Abraham: and Abraham returned to his place.

Chapter 19

1And the two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of the city. And seeing them, he rose up and went to meet them: and worshipped prostrate to the ground, 2And said: I beseech you, my lords, turn in to the house of your servant, and lodge there: wash your feet, and in the morning you shall go on your way. And they said: No, but we will abide in the street. 3He pressed them very much to turn in unto him: and when they were come in to his house, he made them a feast, and baked unleavened bread and they ate: 4But before they went to bed, the men of the city beset the house both young and old, all the people together. 5And they called Lot, and said to him: Where are the men that came in to thee at night? bring them out hither that we may know them: 6Lot went out to them, and shut the door after him, and said: 7no not so, I beseech you, my brethren, do not commit this evil. 8I have two daughters who as yet have not known man : I will bring them out to you, and abuse you them as it shall please you, so that you do no evil to these men, because they are come in under the shadow of my roof. 9But they said: Get thee back thither. And again: Thou camest in, said they, as a, stranger, was it to be a judge? therefore we will afflict thee more than them. And they pressed very violently upon Lot: and they were even at the point of breaking open the doors. 10And behold the men put out their hand, and drew in Lot unto them, and shut the door: 11And them that were without, they struck with blindness from the least to the greatest, so that they could not find the door. 12And they said to Lot: Hast thou here ally of thine? son in law, or sons, or daughters, all that are thine bring them out of this city: 13For we will destroy this place, because their cry is grown loud before the Lord, who hath sent us to destroy them. 14So Lot went out, and spoke to his sons in law that were to have his daughters, and said : Arise : get you out of this place, because the Lord will destroy this city. And he seemed to them to speak as it were in jest. 15And when it was morning, the angels pressed him, saying: Arise, take thy wife, and the two daughters which thou hast: lest thou also perish in the wickedness of the city. 16And as he lingered, they took his hand, and the hand of his wife, and of his two daughters, because the Lord spared him. 17And they brought him forth, and set him without the city: and there they spoke to him, saying : Save thy life : look not back, neither stay thou in all the country about: but save thyself in the mountain, lest thou be also consumed. 18And Lot said to them: I beseech thee my Lord, 19Because thy servant hath found grace before thee, and thou hast magnified thy mercy, which thou hast shewn to me, in saving my life, and I cannot escape to the mountain, lest some evil seize me, and I die : 20There is this city here at hand, to which I may flee, it is a little one, and I shall be saved in it: is it not a little one, and my soul shall live? 21And he said to him: Behold also in this, I have heard thy prayers, not to destroy the city for which thou hast spoken. 22Make haste and be saved there, because I cannot do any thing till thou go in thither. Therefore the name of that city was called Segor. 23The sun was risen upon the earth, and Lot entered into Segor. 24And the Lord rained upon Sodom and Gomorrha brimstone and fire from the Lord out of heaven. 25And he destroyed these cities, and all the country about, all the inhabitants of the cities, and all things that spring from the earth. 26And his wife looking behind her, was turned into a statue of salt. 27And Abraham got up early in the morning and in the place where he had stood before with the Lord, 28He looked towards Sodom and Gomorrha, and the whole land of that country: and he saw the ashes rise up from the earth as the smoke of a furnace. 29Now when God destroyed the cities of that country, remembering Abraham, he delivered Lot out of the destruction of the cities wherein he had dwelt. 30And Lot went up out of Segor, and abode in the mountain, and his two daughters with him, (for he was afraid to stay in Segor,) and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters with him. 31And the elder said to the younger Our father is old, and there is no man left on the earth, to come in unto us after the manner of the whole earth. 32Come, let us make him drunk with wine, and let us lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father. 33And they made their father drink wine that night: and the elder went in and lay with her father : but he perceived not neither when his daughter lay down, nor when she rose up. 34And the next day the elder said to the younger : Behold I lay last night with my father, let us make him drink wine also to night, and thou shalt lie with him, that we may save seed of our father. 35They made their father drink wine that night also, and the younger daughter went in, and lay with him: and neither then did he perceive when she lay down, nor when she rose up. 36the two daughters of Lot were with child by their father. 37And the elder bore a son, and called his name Moab: he is the father of the Moabites unto this day. 38The younger also bore a son, and called his name Ammon, that is, the son of my people: he is the father of the Ammonites unto this day.

Chapter 20

1Abraham removed from thence to the south country, and dwelt between Cedes and Sur, and sojourned in Gerara. 2And he said of Sara his wife: She is my sister. So Abimelech the king of Oerara sent, and took her. 3And God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and he said to him: Lo thou shalt die for the woman thou hast taken: for she hath a husband. 4Now Abimelech had not touched her, and he said : Lord, wilt thou slay a nation, that is ignorant and just? 5Did not he say to me : She is my sister: and she say, He is my brother? in the simplicity of my heart, and cleanness of my hands have I done this. 6And God said to him: And I know that thou didst it with a sincere heart: and therefore I withheld thee from sinning against me, and I suffered thee not to touch her. 7Now therefore restore the man his wife, for he is a prophet: and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: but if thou wilt not restore her, know that thou shalt surely die, thou and all that are thine. 8And Abimelech forthwith rising up in the night, called all his servants: and spoke all these words in their hearing, and all the men were exceedingly afraid. 9And Abimelech called also for Abraham, and said to him: What hast thou done to us? what have we offended thee in, that thou hast brought upon me and upon my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done to us what thou oughtest not to do. 10And again he expostulated with him, and said, What sawest thou, that thou hast done this? 11Abraham answered: I thought with myself, saying: Perhaps there is not the fear of God in this place: and they will kill me for the sake of my wife: 12Howbeit, otherwise also she is truly my sister, the daughter of my father, and not the daughter of my mother, and I took her to wife. 13And after God brought me out of my father's house, I said to her: I Thou shalt do me this kindness: In every place, to which we shall come, thou shalt say that I am thy brother. 14And Abimelech took sheep and oxen, and servants and handmaids, and gave to Abraham: and restored to him Sara, his wife. 15And said: The land is before you, dwell wheresoever it shall please thee. 16And to Sara he said: Behold I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver: this shall serve thee for a covering of thy eyes to all that are with thee, and whithersoever thou shalt go: and remember thou wast taken. 17And when Abraham prayed, God healed Abimelech and his wife, and his handmaids, and they bore children: 18For the Lord had closed up every womb of the house of Abimelech on account of Sara, Abraham's wife.

Chapter 21

1And the Lord visited Sara, as he had promised: and fulfilled what he had spoken. 2And she conceived and bore a son in her old age, at the time that God had foretold her. 3And Abraham called the name of his son, whom Sara bore him, Isaac. 4And he circumcised him the eighth day, as God had commanded him, 5When he was a hundred years old: for at this age of his father was Isaac born. 6And Sara said: God hath made a laughter for me: whosoever shall hear of it will laugh with me. 7And again she said: Who would believe that Abraham should hear that Sara gave suck to a son, whom she bore to him in his old age. 8And the child grew and was weaned: and Abraham made a great feast on the day of his weaning. 9And when Sara had seen the son of Agar the Egyptian playing with Isaac her son, she said to Abraham: 10Cast out this bondwoman, and her son: for the son of the bondwoman shall not be heir with my son Isaac. 11Abraham took this grievously for his son. 12And God said to him: Let it not seem grievous to thee for the boy, and for thy bondwoman: in all that Sara hath said to thee, hearken to her voice: for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. 13But I will make the son also of the bondwoman a great nation, because he is thy seed. 14So Abraham rose up in the morning, and taking bread and a bottle of water, put it upon her shoulder, and delivered the boy, and sent her away. And she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Bersabee. 15And when the water in the bottle was spent, she cast the boy under one of the trees that were there. 16And she went her way, and sat over against him a great way off as far as a bow can carry, for she said: I will not see the boy die: and sitting over against, she lifted up her voice and wept. 17And God heard the voice of the boy: and an angel of God called to Agar from heaven, saying: What art thou doing, Agar? fear not: for God hath heard the voice of the boy, from the place wherein he is. 18Arise, take up the boy, and hold him by the hand: for I will make him a great nation. 19And God opened her eyes: and she saw a well of water, and went and filled the bottle, and gave the boy to drink. 20And God was with him: and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and became a young man, an archer. 21And he dwelt in the wilderness of Pharan, and his mother took a wife for him out of the land of Egypt. 22At the same time Abimelech, and Phicol the general of his army said to Abraham: God is with thee in all that thou dost. 23Swear therefore by God, that thou wilt not hurt me, nor my posterity, nor my stock: but according to the kindness that I have done to thee, thou shalt do to me, and to the land wherein thou hast lived a stranger. 24And Abraham said: I will swear. 25And he reproved Abimelech for a well of water, which his servants had taken away by force. 26And Abimelech answered: I knew not who did this thing: and thou didst not tell me, and I heard not of it till today. 27And Abraham took sheep and oxen and gave them to Abimelech: and both of them made a league. 28And Abraham set apart seven ewe lambs of the flock. 29And Abimelech said to him: What mean these seven ewe lambs which thou hast set apart? 30But he said: Thou shalt take seven ewe lambs at my hand: that they may be a testimony for me, that I dug this well. 31Therefore that place was called Bersabee: because both of them did swear. 32And they made a league for the well of oath. 33And Abimelech, and Phicol the general of his army arose and returned to the land of the Palestines. But Abraham planted a grove in Bersabee, and there called upon the name of the Lord God eternal. 34And he was a sojourner in the land of the Palestines many days.

Chapter 22

1After these things, God tempted Abraham, and said to him: Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: Here I am. 2He said to him: Take thy only begotten son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and go into the land of vision: and there thou shalt offer him for a holocaust upon one of the mountains which I will show thee. 3So Abraham rising up in the night, saddled his ass: and took with him two young men, and Isaac his son: and when he had cut wood for the holocaust he went his way to the place which God had commanded him. 4And on the third day, lifting up his eyes, he saw the place afar off. 5And he said to his young men: Stay you here with the ass: I and the boy will go with speed as far as yonder, and after we have worshipped, will return to you. 6And he took the wood for the holocaust, and laid it upon Isaac his son: and he himself carried in his hands fire and a sword. And as they two went on together, 7Isaac said to his father: My father. And he answered: What wilt thou, son? Behold, saith he, fire and wood: where is the victim for the holocaust? 8And Abraham said: God will provide himself a victim for an holocaust, my son. So they went on together. 9And they came to the place which God had shown him, where he built an altar, and laid the wood in order upon it: and when he had bound Isaac his son, he laid him on the altar upon the pile of wood. 10And he put forth his hand and took the sword, to sacrifice his son. 11And behold an angel of the Lord from heaven called to him, saying: Abraham, Abraham. And he answered: Here I am. 12And he said to him: Lay not thy hand upon the boy, neither do thou any thing to him: now I know that thou fearest God, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for my sake. 13Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw behind his back a ram amongst the briers sticking fast by the horns, which he took and offered for a holocaust instead of his son. 14And he called the name of that place, The Lord seeth. Whereupon even to this day it is said: In the mountain the Lord will see. 15And the angel of the Lord called to Abraham a second time from heaven, saying: 16By my own self have I sworn, saith the Lord: because thou hast done this thing, and hast not spared thy only begotten son for my sake: 17I will bless thee, and I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand that is by the seashore: thy seed shall possess the gates of their enemies. 18And in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed, because thou hast obeyed my voice. 19Abraham returned to his young men, and they went to Bersabee together, and he dwelt there. 20After these things, it was told Abraham that Melcha also had borne children to Nachor his brother. 21Hus the firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Camuel the father of the Syrians, 22And Cased, and Azau, and Pheldas, and Jedlaph, 23And Bathuel, of whom was born Rebecca: These eight did Melcha bear to Nachor Abraham's brother. 24And his concubine, named Roma, bore Tabee, and Gaham, and Tahas, and Maacha.

Chapter 23

1And Sara lived a hundred and twenty-seven years. 2And she died in the city of Arbee which is Hebron, in the land of Chanaan: and Abraham came to mourn and weep for her. 3And after he rose up from the funeral obsequies, he spoke to the children of Heth, saying: 4I am a stranger and sojourner among you: give me the right of a burying-place with you, that I may bury my dead. 5The children of Heth answered, saying: 6My Lord, hear us, thou art a prince of God among us: bury thy dead in our principle sepulchers: and no man shall have power to hinder thee from burying thy dead in his sepulcher. 7Abraham rose up, and bowed down to the people of the land, to wit the children of Heth: 8And said to them: If it please your soul that I should bury my dead, hear me, and intercede for me to Ephron the son of Seor. 9That he may give me the double cave, which he hath in the end of his field: for as much money as it is worth he shall give it me before you, for a possession of a buryingplace. 10Now Ephron dwelt in the midst of the children of Heth. And Ephron made answer to Abraham in the hearing of all that went in at the gate of the city, saying: 11Let it not be so, my lord, but do thou rather hearken to what I say: The field I deliver to thee, and the cave that is therein, in the presence of the children of my people, bury thy dead. 12Abraham bowed down before the people of the land, 13And he spoke to Ephron, in the presence of the people: I beseech thee to hear me: I will give money for the field: take it, and so I will bury my dead in it. 14And Ephron answered: 15My lord, hear me. The ground which thou desirest, is worth four hundred sicles of silver: this is the price between me and thee: but what is this? bury thy dead. 16And when Abraham had heard this, he weighed out the money that Ephron had asked, in the hearing of the children of Heth, four hundred sicles of silver of common current money. 17And the field that before was Ephron's, wherein was the double cave, looking towards Mambre, both it and the cave, and all the trees thereof in all its limits round about, 18Was made sure to Abraham for a possession, in the sight of the children of Heth, and of all that went in at the gate of his city. 19And so Abraham buried Sara his wife, in a double cave of the field, that looked towards Mambre, this is Hebron in the land of Chanaan. 20And the field was made sure to Abraham, and the cave that was in it, for a possession to bury in, by the children of Heth.

Chapter 24

1Now Abraham was old; and advanced in age: and the Lord had blessed him in all things. 2And he said to the elder servant of his house, who was ruler over all he had: Put thy hand under my thigh, 3That I may make thee swear by the Lord the God of heaven and earth, that thou take not a wife for my son, of the daughters of the Chanaanites, among whom I dwell: 4But that thou go to my own country and kindred, and take a wife from thence for my son Isaac. 5The servant answered: If the woman will not come with me into this land, must I bring thy son back again to the place, from whence thou camest out? 6And Abraham said: Beware thou never bring my son back again thither. 7The Lord God of heaven, who took me out of my father's house, and out of my native country, who spoke to me, and swore to me, saying: To thy seed will I give this land: he will send his angel before thee, and thou shalt take from thence a wife for my son. 8But if the woman will not follow thee, thou shalt not be bound by the oath; only bring not my son back thither again. 9The servant therefore put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his lord, and swore to him upon this word. 10And he took ten camels of his master's herd, and departed, carrying something of all his goods with him, and he set forth and went on to Mesopotamia to the city of Nachor. 11And when he had made the camels lie down without the town near a well of water in Evening, at the time when women were wont to come out to draw water, he said: 12O Lord the God of my master Abraham, meet me today, I beseech thee, and show kindness to my master Abraham. 13Behold I stand nigh the spring of water, and the daughters of the inhabitants of this city will come out to draw water. 14Now, therefore, the maid to whom I shall say: Let down thy pitcher that I may drink: and she shall answer, Drink, and I will give thy camels drink also: let it be the same whom thou hast provided for thy servant Isaac: and by this I shall understand, that thou hast shown kindness to my master. 15he had not yet ended these words within himself, and behold Rebecca came out, the daughter of Bathuel, son of Melcha, wife to Nachor the brother of Abraham, having a pitcher on her shoulder: 16An exceedingly comely maid, and a most beautiful virgin, and not known to man: and she went down to the spring, and filled her pitcher and was coming back. 17And the servant ran to meet her, and said: Give me a little water to drink of thy pitcher. 18And she answered: Drink, my lord. And quickly she let down the pitcher upon her arm, and gave him drink. 19And when he had drunk, she said: I will draw water for thy camels also, till they all drink. 20And pouring out the pitcher into the troughs, she ran back to the well to draw water: and having drawn she gave to all the camels. 21But he musing beheld her with silence, desirous to know whether the Lord had made his journey prosperous or not. 22And after that the camels had drunk, the man took out golden earrings, weighing two sicles: and as many bracelets of ten sicles weight. 23And he said to her: Whose daughter art thou? tell me: is there any place in thy father's house to lodge? 24And she answered: I am the daughter of Bathuel, the son of Melcha, whom she bore to Nachor. 25And she said moreover to him: We have good store of both straw and hay, and a large place to lodge in. 26The man bowed himself down, and adored the Lord, 27Saying: Blessed be the Lord God of my master Abraham, who hath not taken away his mercy and truth from my master, and hath brought me the straight way into the house of my master's brother. 28Then the maid ran, and told in her mother's house, all that she had heard. 29And Rebecca had a brother named Laban, who went out in haste to the man, to the well. 30And when he had seen the earrings and bracelets in his sister's hands, and had heard all that she related, saying: Thus and thus the man spoke to me: he came to the man who stood by the camels, and near to the spring of water, 31And said to him: Come in, thou blessed of the Lord: why standest thou without? I have prepared the house, and a place for the camels. 32And he brought him in into his lodging: and he unharnessed the camels and gave straw and hay, and water to wash his feet, and the feet of the men that were come with him. 33And bread was set before him. But he said: I will not eat, till I tell my message. He answered him: Speak. 34And he said: I am the servant of Abraham: 35And the Lord hath blessed my master wonderfully, and he is become great: and he hath given him sheep and oxen, silver and gold, menservants and womenservants, camels and asses. 36And Sara my master's wife hath borne my master a son in her old age, and he hath given him all that he had. 37And my master made me swear, saying: Thou shalt not take a wife for my son of the Chanaanites, in whose land I dwell: 38But thou shalt go to my father's house, and shalt take a wife of my own kindred for my son: 39But I answered my master: What if the woman will not come with me? 40The Lord, said he, in whose sight I walk, will send his angel with thee, and will direct thy way: and thou shalt take a wife for my son of my own kindred, and of my father's house. 41But thou shalt be clear from my curse, when thou shalt come to my kindred, if they will not give thee one. 42And I came today to the well of water, and said: O Lord God of my master Abraham, if thou hast prospered my way, wherein I now walk, 43Behold I stand by the well of water, and the virgin, that shall come out to draw water, who shall hear me say: Give me a little water to drink of thy pitcher: 44And shall say to me: Both drink thou, and I will also draw for thy camels: let the same be the woman, whom the Lord hath prepared for my master's son. 45And whilst I pondered these things secretly with myself, Rebecca appeared coming with a pitcher, which she carried on her shoulder: and she went down to the well and drew water. And I said to her: Give me a little to drink. 46And she speedily let down the pitcher from her shoulder, and said to me: Both drink thou, and to thy camels I will give drink. I drank, and she watered the camels. 47And I asked her, and said: Whose daughter art thou? And she answered: I am the daughter of Bathuel, the son of Nachor, whom Melcha bore to him. So I put earrings on her to adorn her face, and I put bracelets on her hands. 48And falling down I adored the Lord, blessing the Lord God of my master Abraham, who hath brought me the straight way to take the daughter of my master's brother for his son. 49Wherefore if you do according to mercy and truth with my master, tell me: but if it please you otherwise, tell me that also, that I may go to the right hand, or to the left. 50And Laban and Bathuel answered: The word hath proceeded from the Lord, we cannot speak any other thing to thee but his pleasure. 51Behold Rebecca is before thee, take her and go thy way, and let her be the wife of thy master's son, as the Lord hath spoken. 52WHich when Abraham's servant heard, falling down to the ground he adored the Lord. 53And bringing forth vessels of silver and gold, and garments, he gave them to Rebecca for a present. He offered gifts also to her brothers, and to her mother. 54And a banquet was made, and they ate and drank together, and lodged there. And in the morning, the servant arose, and said: Let me depart, that I may go to my master. 55And her brother and mother answered: Let the maid stay at least ten days with us, and afterwards she shall depart. 56Stay me not, said he, because the Lord hath prospered my way: send me away, that I may go to my master. 57And they said: Let us call the maid, and ask her will. 58And they called her, and when she was come, they asked: Wilt thou go with this man? She said: I will go. 59So they sent her away, and her nurse, and Abraham's servant, and his company, 60Wishing prosperity to their sister, and saying: Thou art our sister, mayst thou increase to thousands of thousands, and may thy seed possess the gates of their enemies. 61So Rebecca and her maids, being set upon camels, followed the man: who with speed returned to his master. 62At the same time Isaac was walking along the way to the well which is called Of the living and the seeing: for he dwelt in the south country. 63And he was gone forth to meditate in the field, the day being now well spent: and when he had lifted up his eyes, he saw camels coming afar off. 64Rebecca also, when she saw Isaac, lighted off the camel, 65And said to the servant: Who is that man who cometh towards us along the field? And he said to her: That man is my master. But she quickly took her cloak, and covered herself. 66And the servant told Isaac all that he had done. 67Who brought her into the tent of Sara his mother, and took her to wife: and he loved her so much, that it moderated the sorrow which was occasioned by his mother's death.

Chapter 25

1And Abraham married another wife, named Cetura: 2Who bore to him Zamran, and Jecsan, and Madan, and Madian, and Jesboc, and Sue. 3Jecsan also begot Saba and Dadan. The children of Dadan were Assurim, and Latusim, and Loomin. 4But of Madian was born Epha, and Opher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaa: all these were the children of Cetura. 5And Abraham gave all his possessions to Isaac. 6And to the children of the concubines he gave gifts, and separated them from Isaac his son, while he yet lived, to the east country. 7And the days of Abraham's life were a hundred and seventy-five years. 8And decaying he died in a good old age, and having lived a long time, and being full of days: and was gathered to his people. 9And Isaac and Ismael his sons buried him in the double cave, which was situated in the field of Ephron the son of Seor the Hethite, over against Mambre; 10Which he had bought of the children of Heth: there was he buried, and Sara his wife. 11And after his death, God blessed Isaac his son, who dwelt by the well named Of the living and seeing. 12These are the generations of Ismael the son of Abraham, whom Agar the Egyptian, Sara's servant, bore unto him: 13And these are the names of his children according to their calling and generations. The firstborn of Ismael was Nabajoth, then Cedar, and Adbeel, and Mabsam. 14And Masma, and Duma, and Massa, 15Hadar, and Thema, and Jethur, and Naphis, and Cedma. 16These are the sons of Ismael: and these are their names by their castles and towns, twelve princes of their tribes. 17And the years of Ismael's life were a hundred and thirty-seven, and decaying he died, and was gathered unto his people. 18And he dwelt from Hevila as far as Sur, which looketh towards Egypt, to them that go towards the Assyrians. He died in the presence of all his brethren. 19These also are the generations of Isaac the son of Abraham: Abraham begot Isaac: 20Who when he was forty years old, took to wife Rebecca the daughter of Bathuel the Syrian of Mesopotamia, sister to Laban. 21And Isaac besought the Lord for his wife, because she was barren; and he heard him, and made Rebecca to conceive. 22But the children struggled in her womb: and she said: If it were to be so with me, what need was there to conceive? And she went to consult the Lord. 23And he answering said: Two nations are in thy womb, and two peoples shall be divided out of thy womb, and one people shall overcome the other, and the elder shall serve the younger. 24And when her time was come to be delivered, behold twins were found in her womb. 25He that came forth first was red, and hairy like a skin: and his name was called Esau. Immediately the other coming forth, held his brother's foot in his hand, and therefore he was called Jacob. 26Isaac was threescore years old when the children were born unto him. 27And when they were grown up, Esau became a skillful hunter, and a husbandman, but Jacob a plain man dwelt in tents. 28Isaac loved Esau, because he ate of his hunting: and Rebecca loved Jacob. 29And Jacob boiled Pottage: to whom Esau, coming faint out of the field, 30Said: Give me of this red pottage, for I am exceeding faint. For which reason his name was called Edom. 31And Jacob said to him: Sell me thy first birthright. 32He answered: Lo I die, what will the first birthright avail me. 33Jacob said: Swear therefore to me. Esau swore to him, and sold his first birthright. 34And so taking bread and the pottage of lentils, he ate, and drank, and went his way; making little account of having sold his first birthright.

Chapter 26

1And when a famine came in the land, after that barrenness which had happened in the days of Abraham, Isaac went to Abimelech king of the Palestines to Gerara. 2And the Lord appeared to him and said: Go not down into Egypt, but stay in the land that I shall tell thee. 3And sojourn in it, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee: for to thee and to thy seed I will give all these countries, to fulfill the oath which I swore to Abraham thy father. 4And I will multiply thy seed like the stars of heaven: and I will give to thy posterity all these countries: and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed. 5Because Abraham obeyed my voice, and kept my precepts and commandments, and observed my ceremonies and laws. 6So Isaac abode in Gerara. 7And when he was asked by the men of that place, concerning his wife, he answered: She is my sister; for he was afraid to confess that she was his wife, thinking lest perhaps they would like him because of her beauty. 8And when very many days were passed, and he abode there, Abimelech king of the Palestines looking out through a window, saw him playing with Rebecca his wife. 9And calling for him, he said: It is evident she is thy wife: why didst thou feign her to be thy sister? He answered: I feared lest I should die for her sake. 10And Abimelech said: Why hadst thou deceived us? Some man of the people might have lain with thy wife, and thou hadst brought upon us a great sin. And he commanded all the people, saying: 11He that shall touch this man's wife, shall surely be put to death. 12And Isaac sowed in that land, and he found that same year a hundredfold: and the Lord blessed him. 13And the man was enriched, and he went on prospering and increasing, till he became exceeding great: 14And he had possessions of sheep and of herds, and a very great family. Wherefore the Palestines envying him, 15Stopped up at that time all the wells, that the servants of his father Abraham had digged, filling them up with earth: 16Insomuch that Abimelech himself said to Isaac: Depart from us, for thou art become much mightier than we. 17So he departed and came to the torrent of Gerara, to dwell there: 18And he digged again other wells, which the servants of his father Abraham had digged, and which, after his death, the Palestines had of old stopped up: and he called them by the same names by which his father before had called them. 19And they digged in the torrent, and found living water. 20But there also the herdsmen of Gerara strove against the herdsmen of Isaac, saying: It is our water. Wherefore he called the name of the well, on occasion of that which had happened, Calumny. 21And they digged also another; and for that they quarreled likewise, and he called the name of it, Enmity. 22Going forward from thence, he digged another well, for which they contended not: therefore he called the name thereof, Latitude, saying: Now hath the Lord given us room, and made us to increase upon the earth. 23And he went up from that place to Bersabee, 24Where the Lord appeared to him that same might, saying: I am the God of Abraham thy father; do not fear, for I am with thee: I will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for my servant Abraham's sake. 25And he built there an altar: and called upon the name of the Lord, and pitched his tent: and commanded his servants to dig a well. 26To which place when Abimelech, and Ochozath his friend, and Phicol chief captain of his soldiers came from Gerara, 27Isaac said to them: Why are ye come to me, a man whom you hate, and have thrust out from you? 28And they answered: We saw that the Lord is with thee, and therefore we said: Let there be an oath between us, and let us make a covenant, 29That thou do us no harm, as we on our part have touched nothing of thine, nor have done any thing to hurt thee: but with peace have sent thee away increased with the blessing of the Lord. 30And he made them a feast, and after they had eaten and drunk: 31Arising in the morning, they swore one to another: and Isaac sent them away peaceably to their own home. 32And behold the same day the servants of Isaac came, telling him of a well which they had digged, and saying: We have found water. 33Whereupon he called it Abundance: and the name of the city was called Bersabee, even to this day. 34And Esau being forty years old, married wives, Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hethite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon of the same place. 35And they both offended the mind of Isaac and Rebecca.

Chapter 27

1Now Isaac was old, and his eyes were dim, and he could not see: and he called Esau, his elder son, and said to him: My son? And he answered: Here I am. 2And his father said to him: Thou seest that I am old, and know not the day of my death. 3Take thy arms, thy quiver, and bow, and go abroad: and when thou hast taken some thing by hunting, 4Make me savoury meat thereof, as thou knowest I like, and bring it, that I may eat: and my soul may bless thee before I die. 5And when Rebecca had heard this, and he was gone into the field to fulfill his father's commandment, 6She said to her son Jacob: I heard thy father talking with Esau thy brother, and saying to him: 7Bring me of thy hunting, and make me meats that I may eat, and bless thee in the sight of the Lord, before I die. 8Now, therefore, my son, follow my counsel: 9And go thy way to the flock, bring me two kids of the best, that I may make of them meat for thy father, such as he gladly eateth: 10Which when thou hast brought in, and he hath eaten, he may bless thee before he die. 11And he answered her: Thou knowest that Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am smooth. 12If my father shall feel me, and perceive it, I fear lest he will think I would have mocked him, and I shall bring upon me a curse instead of a blessing. 13And his mother said to him: Upon me be this curse, my son: only hear thou my voice, and go, fetch me the things which I have said. 14He went, and brought, and gave them to his mother. She dressed meats, such as she knew his father liked. 15And she put on him very good garments of Esau, which she had at home with her: 16And the little skins of the kids she put about his hands, and covered the bare of his neck. 17And she gave him the savoury meat, and delivered him bread that she had baked. 18Which when he had carried in, he said: My father? But he answered: I hear. Who art thou, my son? 19And Jacob said: I am Esau thy firstborn: I have done as thou didst command me: arise, sit, and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. 20And Isaac said to his son: How couldst thou find it so quickly, my son? 21And Isaac said: Come hither, that I may feel thee, my son, and may prove whether thou be my son Esau, or not. 22He came near to his father, and when he had felt him, Isaac said: The voice indeed is the voice of Jacob; but the hands are the hands of Esau. 23He said: Art thou my son Esau? He answered: I am. 25Then he said: Bring me the meats of thy hunting, my son, that my soul may bless thee. And when they were brought, and he had eaten, he offered him wine also, which after he had drunk, 26He said to him: Come near me, and give me a kiss, my son. 27He came near, and kissed him. And immediately as he smelled the fragrant smell of his garments, blessing him, he said: Behold the smell of my son is as the smell of a plentiful field, which Lord hath blessed. 28God give thee the dew of heaven, and of the fatness of the earth, abundance of corn and wine. 29And let peoples serve thee, and tribes worship thee: be thou lord of thy brethren, and let they mother's children bow down before thee. Cursed be he that curseth thee: and let him that blesseth thee be filled with blessings. 30Isaac had scarce ended his words, when Jacob being now gone out abroad, Esau came, 31And brought in to his father meats made of what he had taken in hunting, saying: Arise, my father, and eat of thy son's venison; that thy soul may bless me. 32And Isaac said to him: Why! who art thou? He answered: I am thy firstborn son Esau. 33Isaac was struck with fear, and astonished exceedingly: and wondering beyond what can be believed, said Who is he then the even now brought me venison that he had taken, and I ate of all before thou camest? and I have blessed him, and he shall be blessed. 34Esau having heard his father's words, roared out with a great cry: and being in a great consternation, said: Bless me also, my father. 35And he said: Thy brother came deceitfully and got thy blessing. 36But he said again: Rightly is his name called Jacob; for he hath supplanted me lo this second time: my first birthright he took away before, and now this second time he hath stolen away my blessing. And again he said to his father: Hast thou not reserved me also a blessing? 37Isaac answered: I have appointed him thy lord, and have made all his brethren his servants: I have established him with corn and wine, and after this, what shall I do more for thee, my son? 38And Esac said to him: Hast thou only one blessing, father? I beseech thee bless me also. And when he wept with a loud cry, 39Isaac being moved, said to him: In the fat of the earth, and in the dew of heaven from above, 40Shall thy blessing be. Thou shalt live by the sword and shalt serve thy brother: and the time shall come, when thou shalt shake off and loose his yoke from thy neck. 41Esau therefore always hated Jacob for the blessing wherewith his father had blessed him: and he said in his heart: The days will come of the mourning of my father, and I will kill my brother Jacob. 42These things were told to Rebecca: and she sent and called Jacob her son, and said to him: Behold Esau thy brother threateneth to kill thee. 43Now therefore, my son, hear my voice: arise and flee to Laban my brother to Haran: 44And thou shalt dwell with him a few days, till wrath of thy brother be assuaged, 45And his indignation cease, and he forget the things thou hast done to him: afterwards I will send, and bring thee from thence hither. Why shall I be deprived of both my sons in one day? 46And Rebecca said to Isaac: I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth: if Jacob take a wife of the stock of this land, I choose not to live.

Chapter 28

1And Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him, and charged him, saying: Take not a wife of the stock of Chanaan: 2But go, and take a journey to Mesopotamia of Syria, to the house of Bathuel thy mother's father, and take thee a wife thence of the daughters of Laban thy uncle. 3And God almighty bless thee, and make thee to increase, and multiply thee: that thou mayst be a multitude of people. 4And give the blessings of Abrabam to thee, and to thy seed after thee: that thou mayst possess the land of thy sojournment, which he promised to thy grandfather. 5And when Isaac had sent him away, he took his journey and went to Mesopotamia of Syria to Laban the son of Bathuel the Syrian, brother to Rebecca his mother. 6And Esau seeing that his father had blessed Jacob, and had sent him into Mesopotamia of Syria, to marry a wife thence; and that after the blessing he had charged him, saying: Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of Chanaan: 7And that Jacob obeying his parents was gone into Syria: 8Experiencing also that his father was not well pleased with the daughters of Chanaan: 9He went to Ismael, and took to wife, besides them he had before, Maheleth the daughter of Ismael, Abraham's son, the sister of Nabajoth. 10But Jacob being departed from Bersabee, went on to Haran. 11And when he was come to a certain place, and would rest in it after sunset, he took of the stones that lay there, and putting under his head, slept in the same place. 12And he saw in his sleep a ladder standing upon the earth, and the top thereof touching heaven: the angels also of God ascending and descending by it; 13And the Lord leaning upon the ladder, saying to him: I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac; the land, wherein thou sleepest, I will give to thee and to thy seed. 14And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth: thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and IN THEE and thy seed all the tribes of the earth SHALL BE BLESSED. 15And I will be thy keeper whithersoever thou goest, and will bring thee back into this land: neither will I leave thee, till I shall have accomplished all that I have said. 16And when Jacob awaked out of sleep, he said: Indeed the Lord is in this place, and I knew it not. 17And trembling he said: How terrible is this place! this is no other but the house of God, and the gate of heaven. 18And Jacob, arising in the morning, took the stone, which he had laid under his head, and set it up for a title, pouring oil upon the top of it. 19And he called the name of the city Bethel, which before was called Luza. 20And he made a vow, saying: If God shall be with me, and shall keep me in the way by which I walk, and shall give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, 21And I shall return prosperously to my father's house: the Lord shall be my God: 22And this stone, which I have set up for a title, shall called the house of God: and of all things that thou shalt give to me, I will offer tithes to thee.

Chapter 29

1Then Jacob went on in his journey, and came into the east country. 2And he saw a well in the field, and three flocks of sheep lying by it: for the beasts were watered out of it, and the mouth thereof was closed with a great stone. 3And the custom was, when all the sheep were gathered together to roll away the stone, and after the sheep were watered, to put it on the mouth of the well again. 4And he said to the shepherds: Brethren, whence are you? They answered: Of Haran. 5And he asked them, saying: Know you Laban the son of Nachor? They said: We know him. 6He said: Is he in health? He is in health, say they: and behold Rachel his daughter cometh with his flock. 7And Jacob said: There is yet much day remaining, neither is it time to bring the flocks into the folds again: first give the sheep drink, and so lead them back to feed. 8They answered: We cannot, till all the cattle be gathered together, and we remove the stone from the well's mouth, that we may water the flocks. 9They were yet speaking, and behold Rachel came with her father's sheep: for she fed the flock. 10And when Jacob saw her, and knew her to be his cousin-german, and that they were the sheep of Laban, his uncle: he removed the stone wherewith the well was closed. 11And having watered the flock, he kissed her: and lifting up his voice, wept. 12And he told her that he was her father's brother, and the son of Rebecca: but she went in haste and told her father. 13Who, when he heard that Jacob his sister's son was come, ran forth to meet him; and embracing him, and heartily kissing him, brought him into his house. And when he had heard the causes of his journey, 14He answered: Thou art my bone and my flesh. And after the days of one month were expired, 15He said to him: Because thou art my brother, shalt thou serve me without wages? Tell me what wages thou wilt have. 16Now he had two daughters, the name of the elder was Lia: and the younger was called Rachel. 17But Lia was blear eyed: Rachel was well favoured, and of a beautiful countenance. 18And Jacob being in love with her, said: I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter. 19Laban answered: It is better that I give her thee than to another man; stay with me. 20So Jacob served seven years for Rachel: and they seemed but a few days, because of the greatness of his love. 21And he said to Laban: Give me my wife; for now the time is fulfilled, that I may go in unto her. 22And he, having invited a great number of his friends to the feast, made the marriage. 23And at night he brought in Lia his daughter to him, 24Giving his daughter a handmaid, named Zalpha. Now when Jacob had gone in to her according to custom when morning was come he saw it was Lia: 25And he said to his father in law: What is it that thou didst mean to do? did not I serve thee for Rachel? why hast thou deceived me? 26Laban answered: It is not the custom in this place, to give the younger in marriage first. 27Make up the week of days of this match: and I will give thee her also, for the service that thou shalt render me other seven years. 28He yielded to his pleasure: and after the week was past, he married Rachel: 29To whom her father gave Bala for her servant. 30And having at length obtained the marriage he wished for, he preferred the love of the latter before the former, and served with him other seven years. 31And the Lord seeing that he despised Lia, opened her womb, but her sister remained barren. 32And she conceived and bore a son, and called his name Ruben, saying: The Lord saw my affliction: now my husband will love me. 33And again she conceived and bore a son, and said: Because the Lord heard that I was despised, he hath given this also to me: and she called his name Simeon. 34And she conceived the third time, and bore another son: and said: Now also my husband will be joined to me, because I have borne him three sons: and therefore she called his name Levi. 35The fourth time she conceived and bore a son, and said: now will I praise the Lord: and for this she called him Juda. And she left bearing.

Chapter 30

1And Rachel, seeing herself without children, envied her sister, and said to her husband: Give me children, otherwise I shall die. 2And Jacob being angry with her, answered: Am I as God, who hath deprived thee of the fruit of thy womb? 3But she said: I have here my servant Bala: go in unto her, that she may bear upon my knees, and I may have children by her. 4And she gave him Bala in marriage: who, 5When her husband had gone in unto her, conceived and bore a son. 6And Rachel said: The Lord hath judged for me, and hath heard my voice, giving me a son, and therefore she called his name Dan. 7And again Bala conceived and bore another, 8For whom Rachel said: God hath compared me with my sister, and I have prevailed: and she called him Nephtali. 9Lia, perceiving that she had left off bearing, gave Zelpha her handmaid to her husband. 10And when she had conceived and brought forth a son, 11She said: Happily. And therefore called his name Gad. 12Zelpha also bore another. 13And Lia said: This is for my happiness: for women will call me blessed. Therefore she called him Aser. 14And Ruben, going out in the time of the wheat harvest into the field, found mandrakes: which he brought to his mother Lia. And Rachel said: Give me part of thy son's mandrakes. 15She answered: Dost thou think it a small matter, that thou hast taken my husband from me, unless thou take also my son's mandrakes? Rachel said: He shall sleep with thee this night, for thy son's mandrakes. 16And when Jacob returned at even from the field, Lia went out to meet him, and said: Thou shalt come in unto me, because I have hired thee for my son's mandrakes. And he slept with her that night. 17And God heard her prayers: and she conceived and bore the fifth son, 18And said: God hath given me a reward, because I gave my handmaid to my husband. And she called his name Issachar. 19And Lia conceived again, and bore the sixth son, 20And said: God hath endowed me with a good dowry: this turn also my husband will be with me, because I have borne him six sons: and therefore she called his name Zabulon. 21After whom she bore a daughter, named Diana. 22The Lord also remembering Rachel, heard her, and opened her womb. 23And she conceived, and bore a son, saying: God hath taken my reproach. 24And she called his name Joseph, saying: The Lord give me also another son. 25And when Joseph was born, Jacob said to his father in law: Send me away that I may return into my country, and to my land. 26Give me my wives, and my children, for whom I have served thee, that I may depart: thou knowest the service that I have rendered thee. 27Laban said to him: Let me find favour in thy sight: I have learned by experience, that God hath blessed me for thy sake. 28Appoint thy wages which I shall give thee. 29But he answered: Thou knowest how I have served thee, and how great thy possession hath been in my hands. 30Thou hadst but little before I came to thee, and now thou art become rich: and the Lord hath blessed thee at my coming. It is reasonable therefore that I should now provide also for my own house. 31And Laban said: What shall I give thee? But he said: I require nothing: but if thou wilt do what I demand, I will feed, and keep thy sheep again. 32Go round through all thy flocks, and separate all the sheep of divers colours, and speckled: and all that is brown and spotted, and of divers colours, as well among the sheep, as among the goats, shall be my wages. 33And my justice shall answer for me to morrow before thee when the time of the bargain shall come: and all that is not of divers colours, and spotted, and brown, as well among the sheep as among the goats, shall accuse me of theft. 34And Laban said: I like well what thou demandest. 35And he separated the name day the she goats, and the sheep, and the he goats, and the rams of divers colours, and spotted: and all the flock of one colour, that is, of white and black fleece, he delivered into the hands of his sons. 36And he set the space of three days' journey betwixt himself and his son in law, who fed the rest of his flock. 37And Jacob took green rods of poplar, and of almond, and of place trees, and pilled them in part: so when the bark was taken off, in the parts that were pilled, there appeared whiteness: but the parts that were whole remained green: and by this means the colour was divers. 38And he put them in the troughs, where the water was poured out: that when the flocks should come to drink, they might have the rods before their eyes, and in the sight of them might conceive. 39And it came to pass that in the very heat of coition, the sheep beheld the rods, and brought forth spotted, and of divers colours, and speckled. 40And Jacob separated the flock, and put the rods in the troughs before the eyes of the rams: and all the white and the black were Laban's: and the rest were Jacob's, when the flocks were separated one from the other. 41So when the ewes went first to ram, Jacob put the rods in the roughs of water before the eyes of the rams, and of the ewes, that they might conceive while they were looking upon them: 42But when the latter coming was, and the last conceiving, he did not put them. And those that were late ward, become Laban's: and they of the first time, Jacob's. 43And the man was enriched exceedingly, and he had many flocks, maid servants and men servants, camels and asses.

Chapter 31

1But after that he heard the words of the sons of Laban, saying: Jacob hath taken away all that was our father's, and being enriched by his substance is become great: 2And perceiving also that Laban's countenance was not towards him as yesterday and the other day, 3Especially the Lord saying to him: Return into the land of thy fathers, and to thy kindred, and I will be with thee. 4He sent, and called Rachel and Lia into the field, where he fed the flocks, 5And said to them: I see your father's countenance is not towards me as yesterday and the other day: but the God of my father hath been with me. 6And you know that I have served your father to the utmost of my power. 7Yea, your father also hath overreached me, and hath changes my wages ten times: and yet God hath not suffered him to hurt me. 8If at any time he said: The speckled shall be thy wages: all the sheep brought forth speckled: but when he said on the contrary: Thou shalt take all the white ones for thy wages: all the flocks brought forth white ones. 9And God hath taken your father's substance, and given it to me. 10For after that time came of the ewes conceiving, I lifted up my eyes, and saw in my sleep that the males which leaped upon the females were of diverse colors, and spotted, and speckled. 11And the angel of God said to me in my sleep: Jacob? And I answered: Here I am. 12And he said: Lift up thy eyes, and see that all the males leaping upon the females, are of divers colors, spotted, and speckled. For I have seen all that Laban hath done to thee. 13I am the God of Bethel, where thou didst anoint the stone, and make a vow to me. Now therefore arise, and go out of this land, and return into thy native country. 14And Rachel and Lia answered: Have we anything left among the goods and inheritance of our father's house? 15Hath he not counted us as strangers and sold us, and eaten up the price of us? 16But God hath taken our father's riches, and delivered them to us, and to our children: wherefore do all that God hath commanded thee. 17Then Jacob rose up, and having set his children and wives upon camels, went his way. 18And he took all his substance, and flocks, and whatsoever he had gotten in Mesopotamia, and went forward to Isaac his father to the land of Chanaan. 19At that time Laban was gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel stole away her father's idols. 20And Jacob would not confess to his father in law that he was flying away. 21And when he was gone, together with all that belonged to him, and having passed the river, was going on towards mount Galaad, 22It was told Laban on the third day that Jacob fled. 23And he took his brethren with him, and pursued after him seven days; and overtook him in the mount of Galaad. 24And he saw in a dream God saying to him: Take heed thou speak not any thing harshly against Jacob. 25Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mountain: and when he with his brethren had overtaken him, he pitched his tent in the same mount of Galaad. 26And he said to Jacob: Why hast thou done thus, to carry away, without my knowledge, my daughters, as captives taken with the sword. 27Why wouldst thou run away privately and not acquaint me, that I might have brought thee on the way with joy, and with songs, and with timbrels, and with harps? 28Thou hast not suffered me to kiss my sons and daughters: thou hast done foolishly: and now, indeed, 29It is in my power to return thee evil: but the God of your father said to me yesterday: Take heed thou speak not any things harshly against Jacob. 30Suppose thou didst desire to go to thy friends, and hadst a longing after thy father's house: why hast thou stolen away my gods? 31Jacob answered: That I departed unknown to thee, it was for fear lest thou wouldst take away thy daughters by force. 32But whereas thou chargest me with theft: with whomsoever thou shalt find thy gods, let him be slain before our brethren. Search, and if thou find any of thy things with me, take them away. Now when he said this, he knew not that Rachel had stolen the idols. 33So Laban went into the tent of Jacob, and of Lia, and of both the handmaids, and found them not. And when he was entered into Rachel's tent, 34She in haste hid the idols under the camel's furniture, and sat upon them: and when he had searched all the tent, and found nothing, 35She said: Let not my lord be angry that I cannot rise up before thee, because it has now happened to me, according to the custom of women, So his careful search was in vain. 36And jacob being angry, said in a chiding manner: For what fault of mine, and for what offense on my part hast thou so hotly pursued me, 37And searched all my household stuff? What hast thou found of all the substance of thy house? lay it here before my brethren, and thy brethren, and let them judge between me and thee. 38Have I therefore been with thee twenty years? thy ewes and goats were not barren, the rams of thy flocks I did not eat: 39Neither did I show thee that which the beast had torn, I made good all the damage: whatsoever was lost by theft, thou didst exact it of me: 40Day and night was I parched with heat, and with frost, and sleep departed from my eyes. 41And in this manner have I served thee in thy house twenty years, fourteen for thy daughters, and six for thy flocks: thou hast changed also my wages ten times. 42Unless the God of my father Abraham, and the fear of Isaac had stood by me, peradventure now thou hadst sent me away naked: God beheld my affliction and the labour of my hands, and rebuked thee yesterday. 43Laban answered him: The daughters are mine and the children, and thy flocks, and all things that thou seest are mine: what can I do to my children, and grandchildren? 44Come therefore, let us enter into a league: that it may be for a testimony between me and thee. 45And Jacob took a stone, and set it up for a title: 46And he said to his brethren: Bring hither stones. And they gathering stones together, made a heap, and they ate upon it. 47And Laban called it The witness heap: and Jacob, The hillock of testimony: each of them according to the propriety of his language. 48And Laban said: This heap shall be a witness between me and thee this day, and therefore the name thereof was called Galaad, that is, The witness heap. 49The Lord behold and judge between us when we shall be gone one from the other. 50If thou afflict my daughters, and if thou bring in other wives over them: none is witness of our speech but God, who is present and beholdeth. 51And he said again to Jacob: Behold, this heap, and the stone which I have set up between me and thee, 52Shall be a witness: this heap, I say, and the stone, be they for a testimony, if either I shall pass beyond it going towards thee, or thou shalt pass beyond it, thinking harm to me. 53The God of Abraham, and the God of Nachor, the God of their father, judge between us. And jacob swore by the fear of his father Isaac. 54And after he had offered sacrifices in the mountain, he called his brethren to eat bread. And when they had eaten, they lodged there: 55But Laban arose in the night, and kissed his sons, and daughters, and blessed them: and returned to his place.

Chapter 32

1Jacob also went on the journey he had begun: and the angels of God met him. 2And when he saw them, he said: These are the camps of God, and he called the name of that place Mahanaim, that is, Camps. 3And he sent messengers before him to Esau his brother to the land of Seir to the country of Edom: 4And he commanded them, saying: Thus shall ye speak to my lord Esau: Thus saith thy brother Jacob: I have sojourned with Laban, and have been with him until this day. 5I have oxen, and asses, and sheep, and menservants, and womenservants: and now I send a message to my lord, that I may find favor in thy sight. 6And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying: We came to Esau thy brother, and behold he cometh with speed to meet thee with four hundred men. 7Then Jacob was greatly afraid; and in his fear divided the people that was with him, and the flocks, and the sheep, and the oxen, and the camels, into two companies, 8Saying: If Esau come to one company and destroy it, the other company that is left shall escape. 9And Jacob said: O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, O Lord, who saidst to me: Return to thy land and to the place of thy birth, and I will do well for thee, 10I am not worthy of the least of all thy mercies, and of thy truth which thou hast fulfilled to thy servant. With my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I return with two companies. 11Deliver me from the hand of my brother Esau, for I am greatly afraid of him: lest perhaps he come, and kill the mother with the children. 12Thou didst say that thou wouldst do well by me, and multiply my seed like the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for the multitude. 13And when he had slept there that night, he set apart, of the things which he had, presents for his brother Esau. 14Two hundred she goats, twenty he goats, two hundred ewes, and twenty rams, 15Thirty milch camels with their colts, forty kine, and twenty bulls, twenty she asses, and ten of their foals. 16And he sent them by the hands of his servants, every drove by itself, and he said to his servants: Go before me, and let there be a space between drove and drove. 17And he commanded the first, saying: If thou meet my brother Esau, and he ask thee: Whose art thou? or whither goest thou? or whose are these before thee? 18Thou shalt answer: Thy servant Jacob's: he hath sent them as a present to my lord Esau: and he cometh after us. 19In like manner he commanded the second and the third, and all that followed with the droves, saying: Speak ye the same words to Esau, when ye find him. 20And ye shall add: thy servant Jacob himself also followeth after us: for he said: I will appease him with the presents that go before, and afterwards I will see him, perhaps he will be gracious to me. 21So the presents went before him, but himself lodged that night in the camp. 22And rising early he took his two wives, and his two handmaids, with his eleven sons, and passed over the ford of Jaboc. 23And when all things were brought over that belonged to him, 24He remained alone: and behold a man wrestled with him till morning. 25And when he saw that he could not overcome him, he touched the sinew of his thigh, and forthwith it shrank. 26And he said to him: Let me go, for it is break of day. He answered: I will not let thee go except thou bless me. 27And he said: What is thy name? He answered: Jacob. 28But he said: Thy name shall not be called Jacob, but Israel: for if thou hast been strong against God, how much more shalt thou prevail against men? 29Jacob asked him, Tell me by what name art thou called? He answered: Why dost thou ask my name? And he blessed him in the same place. 30And Jacob called the name of the place Phanuel, saying: I have seen God face to face, and my soul has been saved. 31And immediately the sun rose upon him, after he was past Phanuel; but he halted on his foot. 32Therefore the children of Israel, unto this day, eat not the sinew, that shrank in Jacob's thigh: because he touched the sinew of his thigh and it shrank.

Chapter 33

1And Jacob lifting up his eyes, saw Esau coming, and with him four hundred men: and he divided the children of Lia, and of Rachel, and of the two handmaids: 2And he put both the handmaids and their children foremost: and Lia and her children in the second place: and Rachel and Joseph last. 3And he went forward and bowed down with his face to the ground seven times until his brother came near. 4Then Esau ran to meet his brother, and embraced him: and clasping him fast about the neck, and kissing him, wept. 5And lifting up his eyes, he saw the women and their children, and said: What mean these? And do they belong to thee? He answered: They are the children which God hath given to me thy servant. 6Then the handmaids and their children came near, and bowed themselves. 7Lia also with her children came near, and bowed down in like manner, and last of all Joseph and Rachel bowed down. 8And Esau said: What are the droves that I met? He answered: That I might find favor before my lord. 9But he said: I have plenty, my brother, keep what is thine for thyself. 10And Jacob said: Do not so I beseech thee, but if I have found favor in thy eyes, receive a little present at my hands: for I have seen thy face, as if I should have seen the countenance of God: be gracious to me, 11And take the blessing, which I have brought thee, and which God hath given me, who giveth all things. He took it with much ado at his brother's earnest pressing him, 12And said: Let us go on together, and I will accompany thee in thy journey. 13And Jacob said: My lord, thou knowest that I have with me tender children, and sheep, and kine with young: which if I should cause to be overdriven, in one day all the flocks will die. 14May it please my lord to go before his servant: and I will follow softly after him, as I shall see my children to be able, until I come to my lord in Seir. 15Esau answered: I beseech thee, that some of the people at least, who are with me, may stay to accompany thee in the way. And he said: There is no necessity: I want nothing else but only to find favor, my lord, in thy sight. 16So Esau returned, that day, the way that he came, to Seir. 17And Jacob came to Socoth: where having built a house, and pitched tents, he called the name of the place Socoth, that is, Tents. 18And he passed over to Salem, a city of the Sichemites, which is in the land of Chanaan, after he returned from Mesopotamia of Syria: and he dwelt by the town: 19And he bought that part of the field, in which he pitched his tents, of the children of Hemor, the father of Sichem for a hundred lambs. 20And raising an altar there, he invoked upon it the most mighty God of Israel.

Chapter 34

1And Dina the daughter of Lia went out to see the women of that country. 2And when Sichem the son of Hemor the Hevite, the prince of that land, saw her, he was in love with her: and took her away, and lay with her, ravishing the virgin. 3And his soul was fast knit unto her, and whereas she was sad, he comforted her with sweet words. 4And going to Hemor his father, he said: Get me this damsel to wife. 5But when Jacob had heard this, his sons being absent, and employed in feeding the cattle, he held his peace till they came back. 6And when Hemor the father of Sichem was come out to speak to Jacob, 7Behold his sons came from the field: and hearing what had passed, they were exceeding angry, because he had done a foul thing in Israel, and committed an unlawful act, in ravishing Jacob's daughter, 8And Hemor spoke to them: The soul of my son Sichem has a longing for your daughter: give her him to wife: 9And let us contract marriages one with another: give us your daughters and take you our daughters, 10And dwell with us: the land is at your command, till, trade, and possess it. 11Sichem also said to her father and to her brethren: Let me find favor in your sight: and whatsoever you shall appoint I will give. 12Raise the dowery,, and ask gifts, and I will gladly give what you shall demand: only give me this damsel to wife. 13The sons of Jacob answered Sichem and his father deceitfully, being enraged at the deflowering of their sister: 14We cannot do what you demand, nor give our sister to one that is uncircumcised, which with us is unlawful and abominable. 15But in this way may we be allied with you, if you will be like us, and all the male sex among you be circumcised: 16Then will we mutually give and take your daughters, and ours: and we will dwell with you, and will be one people: 17But if you will not be circumcised, we will take our daughter and depart: 18Their offer pleased Hemor, and Sichem his son: 19And the young man made no delay, but forthwith fulfilled what was required, for he loved the damsel exceedingly, and he was the greatest man in all his father's house. 20And going into the gate of the city they spoke to the people: 21These men are peaceable and willing to dwell with us: let them trade in the land, and till it, which being large and wide wanteth men to till it: we shall take their daughters for wives, and we will give them ours. 22One thing there is for which so great a good is deferred: We must circumcise every male among us, following the manner of the nation. 23And their substance, and cattle, and all that they possess, shall be ours: only in this let us condescend, and by dwelling together, we shall make one people. 24And they all agreed, and circumcised all the males. 25And behold the third day, when the pain of the wound was greatest, two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, the brothers of Dina, taking their swords, entered boldly into the city, and slew all the men: 26And they killed also Hemor and Sichem, and took away their sister Dina, out of Sichem's house. 27And when they were gone out, the other sons of Jacob came upon the slain; and plundered the city in revenge of the rape. 28And they took their sheep and their herds and their asses, wasting all they had in their houses and in the fields. 29and their children and wives they took captive, 30And when they had boldly perpetrated these things, Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: You have troubled me, and made me hateful to the Chanaanites and Pherezites, the inhabitants of this land: we are few: they will gather themselves together and kill me; and both I, and my house, shall be destroyed. 31They answered: Should they abuse our sister as a strumpet?

Chapter 35

1In the meantime God said to Jacob: Arise, and go up to Bethel, and dwell there, and make there an altar to God, who appeared to thee when thou didst flee from Esau thy brother. 2And Jacob having called together all his household, said: Cast away the strange gods that are among you, and be cleansed and change your garments. 3Arise, and let us go up to Bethel, that we may make there an altar to God: who heard me in the day of my affliction, and accompanied me in my journey. 4So they gave him all the strange gods they had, and the earrings which were in their ears: and he buried them under the turpentine tree, that is behind the city of Sichem. 5And when they were departed, the terror of God fell upon all the cities round about, and they durst not pursue after them as they went away. 6And Jacob came to Luza, which is in the land of Chanaan, surnamed Bethel: he and all the people that were with him. 7And he built there an altar, and called the name of that place, The house of God: for there God appeared to him when he fled from his brother. 8At the same time Debora the nurse of Rebecca died, and was buried at the foot of Bethel under an oak: and the name of that place was called, The oak of weeping. 9And God appeared again to Jacob, after he returned from Mesopotamia of Syria, and he blessed him, 10Saying: Thou shalt not be called any more Jacob, but Israel shall be thy name. And he called him Israel. 11And said to him: I am God Almighty, increase thou and be multiplied. Nations and peoples of nations shall be from thee, and kings shall come out of thy loins. 12And the land which I gave to Abraham and Isaac, I will give to thee, and to thy seed after thee. 13And he departed from him. 14But he set up a monument of stone, in the place where God had spoken to him: pouring drink offerings upon it, and pouring oil thereon: 15And calling the name of that place Bethel. 16And going forth from thence, he came in the springtime to the land which leadeth to Ephrata: wherein when Rachel was in travail, 17By reason of her hard labor she began to be in danger, and the midwife said to her: Fear not, for thou shalt have this son also. 18And when her soul was departing for pain, and death was now at hand, she called the name of her son Benoni, that is, The son of my pain: but his father called him Benjamin, that is, The son of the right hand. 19So Rachel died, and was buried in the highway that leadeth to Ephrata, that is Bethlehem. 20And Jacob erected a pillar over her sepulcher: this is the pillar of Rachel's monument, to this day. 21Departing thence, he pitched his tent beyond the Flock tower. 22And when he dwelt in that country, Ruben went, and slept with Bala, the concubine of his father: which he was not ignorant of. Now the sons of Jacob were twelve. 23The sons of Lia: Ruben the firstborn, and Simeon, and Levi, and Juda, and Issachar, and Zebulon. 24The sons of Rachel: Joseph and Benjamin. 25The sons of Bala, Rachel's handmaid: Dan and Naphthali. 26The sons of Zelpha, Lia's handmaid: Gad and Aser: these are the sons of Jacob, that were born to him in Mesopotamia of Syria. 27And he came to Isaac his father in Mambre, the city of Arbee, this is Hebron: Wherein Abraham and Isaac sojourned. 28And the days of Isaac were a hundred and eighty years. 29And being spent with age he died, and was gathered to his people, being old and full of days: and his sons Esau and Jacob buried him.

Chapter 36

1And these are the generations of Esau, the same is Edom. 2Esau took wives of the daughters of Chanaan: Ada the daughter of Elon the Hethite, and Oolibama the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Sebeon the Hevite: 3And Basemath the daughter of Ismael, sister of Nabajoth. 4And Ada bore Eliphaz: Basemath bore Rahuel: 5Oolibama bore Jehus and Ihelon and Core. These are the sons of Esau, that were born to him in the land of Chanaan. 6And Esau took his wives and his sons and daughters, and every soul of his house, and his substance, and cattle, and all that he was able to acquire in the land of Chanaan: and went into another country, and departed from his brother Jacob. 7For they were exceeding rich, and could not dwell together: neither was the land in which they sojourned able to bear them, for the multitude of their flocks. 8And Esau dwelt in mount Seir: he is Edom. 9And these are the generations of Esau the father of Edom in mount Seir, 10And these the names of his sons: Eliphaz the son of Ada the wife of Esau: and Rahnel the son of Basemath his wife. 11And Eliphaz had sons: Theman, Omar, Sepho, and Gatham, and Cenee. 12And Thamna was the concubine of Eliphaz the son of Esau: and she bore him Amalech. These are the sons of Ada the wife of Esau. 13And the sons of Rahuel were Nahath and Zara, Samma and Meza. These were the sons of Basemath the wife of Esau. 14And these were the sons of Oolibama, the daughter of Ana, the daughter of Sebeon, the wife of Esau, whom she bore to him, Jehus, and Ihelon, and Core. 15These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn of Esau: duke Theman, duke Omar, duke Sepho, duke Cenez, 16Duke Core, duke Gatham, duke Amalech: these are the sons of Eliphaz, in the land of Edom, and these the Bone of Ada. 17And these were the sons of Rahuel, the son of Esau: duke Nahath, duke Zara, duke Samma, duke Meza. And these are the dukes of Rahuel, in the land of Edom: these the sons of Basemath the wife of Esau. 18And these the sons of Oolibama the wife of Esau: duke Jehus, duke Ihelon, duke Core. These are the dukes of Oolibama, the daughter of Ana, and wife of Esau. 19These are the sons of Esau, and these the dukes of them: the same is Edom. 20These are the sons of Seir the Horrite, the inhabitants of the land: Lotan, and Sobal, and Sebeon, and Ana, 21And Dison, and Eser, and Disan. These are dukes of the Horrites, the sons of Seir in the land of Edom. 22And Lotan had sons: Hori and Heman. And the sister of Lotan was Thamna. 23And these the sons of Sobal: Alvan and Manahat, and Ebal, and Sepho, and Oman. 24And these the sons of Sebeon: Aia and Ana. This is Ana that found the hot waters in the wilderness, when he fed the asses of Sebeon his father: 25And he had a son Dison, and a daughter Oolibama. 26And these were the sons of Dison: Hamdan, and Eseban, and Jethram, and Charan. 27These also were the sons of Eser: Balaan, and Zavan, and Acan. 28And Disan had sons : Hus, and Aram. 29These were dukes of the Horrites: duke Lotan, duke Sobal, duke Sebeon, duke Ana, 30Duke Dison, duke Eser, duke Disan: these were dukes of the Horrites that ruled in the land of Seir. 31And the kings that ruled in the land of Edom, before the children of Israel had a king were these: 32Bela the son of Beer, and the name of his city Denaba. 33And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zara of Bosra reigned in his stead. 34And when Jobab was dead, Husam of the land of the Themanites reigned in his stead. 35And after his death, Adad the son of Badad reigned in his stead, who defeated the Madianites in the country of Moab: and the name of his city was Avith. 36And when Adad was dead, there reigned in his stead, Semla of Masreca. 37And he being dead, Saul of the river Rohoboth, reigned in his stead. 38And when he also was dead, Balanan the son of Achobor succeeded to the kingdom. 39This man also being dead, Adar reigned in his place, and the name of his city was Phau: and his wife was called Meetabel, the daughter of Matred, daughter of Mezaab. 40And these are the names of the dukes of Esau in their kindreds, and places, and callings: duke Thamna, duke Alva, duke Jetheth, 41Duke Oolibama, duke Ela, duke Phinon, 42Duke Cenez, duke Theman, duke Mabsar, 43Duke Magdiel, duke Hiram: these are the dukes of Edom dwelling in the land of their government; the same is Esau the father of the Edomites.

Chapter 37

1And Jacob dwelt in the land of Chanaan wherein his father sojourned. 2And these are his generations: Joseph, when he was sixteen years old, was feeding the dock with his brethren, being but a boy: and he was with the sons of and of Zelpha his father's wives : and he accused his brethren to his father of a most wicked crime. 3Now Israel loved Joseph above all his sons, because he had him in his old age: and he made him a coat of divers colours. 4And his brethren seeing that he was loved by his father, more than all his sons, hated him, and could not speak peaceably to him. 5Now it fell out also that he told his brethren a dream, that he had dreamed: which occasioned them to hate him the more. 6And he said to them: Hear my dream which I dreamed. 7I thought we were binding sheaves in the field: and my sheaf arose as it were, end stood, and your sheaves standing about, bowed down before my sheaf. 8His brethren answered : Shalt thou be our king? or shall we be subject to thy dominion? Therefore this matter of his dreams and words ministered nourishment to their envy and hatred. 9He dreamed also another dream, which he told his brethren, saying: I saw in a dream, as it were the sun, and the moon, and eleven stars worshipping me. 10And when he had told this to his father and brethren, his father rebuked him, and said: What meaneth this dream that thou hast dreamed? shall I and thy mother, and thy brethren worship thee upon the earth? 11His brethren therefore envied him: but his father considered the thing with himself. 12And when his brethren abode in Sichem feeding their father's docks, 13Israel said to him : Thy brethren feed the sheep in Sichem: come, I will send thee to them. And when he answered: 14I am ready: he said to him: Go, and see if all things be well with thy brethren, and the cattle: and bring me word again what is doing. So being sent from the vale of Hebron, he came to Sichem: 15And a man found him there wandering in the field, and asked what he sought. 16But he answered: I seek my brethren; tell me where they feed the docks. 17And the man said to him: They are departed from this place: for I heard them say: Let us go to Dothain. And Joseph went forward after his brethren, and found them in Dothain. 18And when they saw him afar off, before he came nigh them, they thought to kill him. 19And said one to another: Behold the dreamer cometh. 20Come, let us kill him, and cast him into some old pit : and we will say : Some evil beast hath devoured him: and then it shall appear what his dreams avail him : 21And Ruben hearing this, endeavoured to deliver him out of their hands, end said: 22Do not take away his life, nor shed his blood: but cast him into this pit, that is in the wilderness, and keep your hands harmless: now he said this, being desirous to deliver him out of their hands and to restore him to his father. 23And as soon as he came to his brethren, they forthwith stript him of his outside coat, that was of divers colours: 24And cast him into an old pit, where there was no water. 25And sitting down to eat bread, they saw some Ismaelites on their way coming from Calaad, with their camels, carrying spices, and balm, and myrrh to Egypt. 26And Juda said to his brethren: What will it profit us to kill our brother, and conceal his blood? 27It is better that he be sold to the Ismaelites, and that our hands be not defiled: for he is our brother and our flesh. His brethren agreed to his words. 28And when the Madianite merchants passed by, they drew him out of the pit, and sold him to the Ismaelites, for twenty pieces of silver: and they led him into Egypt. 29And Ruben, returning to the pit, found not the boy: 30And rending his garments he went to his brethren, and said: The boy doth not appear and whither shall I go? 31And they took his coat, and dipped it in the blood of a kid, which they had killed : 32Sending some to carry it to their father, and to say: This we have found: see whether it be thy son's coat, or not. 33And the father acknowledging it, said: It is my son's coat, an evil wild beast hath eaten him, a beast hath devoured Joseph. 34And tearing his garments, he put an sackcloth, mourning for his son a long time. 35And alibis children being gathered together to comfort their father in his sorrow, he would not receive comfort, but said: I will go down to my son into hell, mourning. And whilst he continued weeping, 36The Madianites sold Joseph in Egypt to Putiphar, an eunuch of Pharao, captain of the soldiers.

Chapter 38

1At that time Juda went down from his brethren, and turned in to a certain Odollamite, named Hiras. 2And he saw there the daughter of a man of Chanaan, called Sue: and taking her to wife, he went in unto her. 3And she conceived, and bore a son, and called his name Her. 4And conceiving again, she bore a son, and called him Onan. 5She bore also a third: whom she called Sela. after whose birth, she ceased to bear any more. 6And Juda took a wife for Her his firstborn, whose name was Thamar. 7And Her, the firstborn of Juda, was wicked in the sight of the Lord: and was slain by him. 8Juda, therefore add to Onan his son: Go in to thy brother's wife and marry her, that thou mayst raise seed to thy brother. 9He knowing that the children should not be his, when he went in to his brother's wife, spilled his seed upon the ground, lest children should be born in his brother's name. 10And therefore the Lord slew him, because he did a detestable thing. 11Wherefore Juda said to Thamar his daughter in law: Remain a widow in thy father's house, till Sela my son grow up: for he was afraid lest he also might die, as his brethren did. She went her way and dwelt in her father's house. 12And after many days were past, the daughter of Sue the wife of Juda died: and when he had taken comfort after his mourning, he went up to Thamnas, to the shearers of his sheep, he and Hiras the Odollamite the shepherd of his flock. 13And it was told Thamar that her father in law was come up to Thamnas to shear his sheep. 14And she put off the garments of her widowhood, and took a veil: and changing her dress, sat in the cross way, that leadeth to Thamnas: because Sela was grown up, and she had not been married to him. 15When Juda saw her, he thought she was a harlot: for she had covered her face, lest she should be known. 16And going to her, he said: Suffer me to lie with thee: for he knew her not to be his daughter in law. And she answered: What wilt thou give me to en joy my company? 17He said: I will send thee a kid out of the flock. And when she said again: I will suffer what thou wilt, if thou give a pledge, till thou send what thou promisest, 18Juda said: What wilt thou have for a pledge ? She answered: Thy ring and bracelet, and the staff which thou holdest in thy hand. The woman therefore at one copulation conceived. 19And she arose and went her way: and putting off the apparel which she had taken, put on the garments of her widowhood. 20And Juda sent a kid by his shepherd, the Odollamite, that he might receive the pledge again, which he had given to the woman: but he, not finding her, 21asked the men of that place : Where is the woman that sat in the cross way? And when they all made answer: There was no harlot in this place, 22He returned to Juda, and said to him: I have not found her; moreover the men of that place said to me, that there never sat a harlot there. 23Juda said : Let her take it to herself ; surely she cannot charge us with a lie: I sent the kid which I promised: and thou didst not find her. 24And behold after three months they told a lie, saying: Thamar, thy daughter in law hath played the harlot, and she appeareth to have a big belly. And Juda said : Bring her out that she may be burnt. 25But when she was led to execution, she sent to her father in law, saying: By the man, to whom these things belong, I am with child. See whose ring, and bracelet, and staff this is. 26But he acknowledging the gifts, said: She is juster than I: because I did not give her to Sela, my son. However, he knew her no more. 27And when she was ready to be brought to bed, there appeared twins in her womb: and in the very delivery of the infants, one put forth a hand, whereon the midwife tied a scarlet thread, saying: 28This shall come forth the first. 29But he drawing back his hand, the other came forth: and the woman said: Why is the partition divided for thee? and therefore called his name Phares. 30Afterwards his brother came out, on whose hand was the scarlet thread: and she called him Zara.

Chapter 39

1And Joseph was brought into Egypt, and Putiphar an eunuch of Pharao, chief captain of the army, an Egyptian, bought him of the Ismaelites, by whom he was brought. 2And the Lord was with him, and he was a prosperous man in all things: and he dwelt in his master's house, 3Who knew very well that the Lord was with him, and made all that he did to prosper in his hand. 4And Joseph found favour in the sight of his master, and ministered to him: and being set over all by him, he governed the house committed to him, and all things that were delivered to him: 5And the Lord blessed the house of the Egyptian for Joseph's sake, and multiplied all his substance, both at home, and in the fields. 6Neither knew he any other thing, but the bread which he ate. And Joseph was of a beautiful countenance, and comely to behold. 7h And after many days his mistress 'cast her eyes on Joseph, and said: Lie with me. 8But he, in no wise consenting to that wicked act, said to her: Behold, my master hath delivered all things to me, and knoweth not what he hath in his own house: 9Neither is there any thing which is hot in my power, or that he hath not delivered to me, but thee, who art his wife : how then can I do this wicked thing, and I sin against my God? 10With such words as these day by day, both the woman was importunate with the young man, and he refused the adultery. 11Now it happened on it certain day, that Joseph went into the house, and was doing some business without any, man with him: 12And she catching the skirt of his garment, said: Lie with me. But he leaving the garment in her hand, fled, and went out. 13And when the woman saw the garment in her hands, and herself disregarded, 14She called to her the men of her house, and said to them: See, he hath brought in a Hebrew, to abuse us: he came in to me, to lie with me : and when I cried out, 15And he heard my voice, he left the garment that I held, and got him out. 16For a proof therefore of her fidelity, she kept the garment, and shewed it to her husband when he returned home: 17And said: The Hebrew servant, whom thou best brought, came to me to abuse me. 18And when he heard me cry, he left the garment which I held, and fled out. 19His master hearing these things, and giving too much credit to his wife's words, was very angry. 20And cast Joseph into the prison, where the king's prisoners were kept, and he was there shut up. 21But the Lord was with Joseph and having mercy upon him gave him favour in the sight of the chief keeper of the prison: 22Who delivered into his hand all the prisoners that were kept in custody: and whatsoever was done was under him. 23Neither did he himself know any thing, having committed all things to him: for the Lord was with him, and made all that he did to prosper.

Chapter 40

1After this, it came to pass, that two eunuchs, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, offended their lord. 2And Pharao being angry with them (now the one was chief butler, the other chief baker) 3He sent them to the prison of the commander of the soldiers, in which Joseph also was prisoner, 4But the keeper of the prison delivered them to Joseph, and he served them. Some little time passed, and they were kept in custody. 5And they both dreamed a dream the same night, according to the interpretation agreeing to themselves: 6And when Joseph was come in to them in the morning, and saw them sad, 7He asked them, saying: Why is your oountenance sadder to day than usual? 8They answered: We have dreamed a dream, and there is nobody to interpret it to us. And Joseph said to them: Doth not interpretation belong to God? Tell me what you have dreamed. 9 The chief butler first told his dream: I saw before me a vine, 10On which were three branches, which by little and little sent out buds, and after the blossoms brought forth ripe grapes : 11And the cup of Pharao was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and pressed them into the cup which I held, and I gave the cup to Pharao. 12Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the dream: The three branches are yet three days: 13After which Pharao will remember thy service, and will restore thee to thy former place: and thou shalt present him the cup according to thy office, as before thou wast wont to do. 14Only remember me, when it shall be well with thee, and do me this kindness: to put Pharao in mind to take me out of this prison: 15For I was stolen away out of the land I of the Hebrews, and here without any fault was cast into the dungeon. 16The chief baker seeing that he had wisely interpreted the dream, said: I also dreamed a dream, That I had three baskets of meal upon my head: 17And that in one basket which was uppermost, I carried all meats that are made by the art of baking, and that the birds ate out of it. 18Joseph answered: This is the interpretation of the dream: The three baskets are yet three days: 19After which Pharao will take thy hand from thee, and hang thee on a cross, and the birds shall tear thy flesh. 20The third day after this was the birthday of Pharao: and he made a. great feast for his servants, and at the banquet remembered the chief butler, and the chief baker. 21And he restored the one to his place to present him the cup: 22The other he hanged on a gibbet, that the truth of the interpreter might be shewn. 23But the chief butler, when things prospered with him, forgot his interpreter.

Chapter 41

1After two years Pharao had a dream. He thought he stood by the river, 2Out of which came up seven kine, very beautiful and fat: and they fed in marshy places. 3Other seven also came up out of the river, ill favoured, and leanfleshed: and they fed on the very bank of the river, in green places: 4And they devoured them, whose bodies were very beautiful and well conditioned. So Pharao awoke. 5He slept again, and dreamed another dream: Seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk full and fair: 6Then seven other ears sprung up thin and blasted, 7And devoured all the beauty of the former. Pharao awaked after his rest: 8And when morning was come, being struck with fear, he sent to all the interpreters of Egypt, and to all the wise men: and they being called for, he told them his dream, and there was not any one that could interpret it. 9Then at length the chief butler remembering, said: I confess my sin: 10The king being angry with his servants, commanded me and the chief baker to be cast into the prison of the captain of the soldiers: 11Where in one night both of us dreamed a dream foreboding things to come. 12There was there a young man a Hebrew, servant to the same captain of the soldiers: to whom we told our dreams, 13And we heard what afterwards the event of the thing proved to be so. For I was restored to my office: and he was hanged upon a gibbet. 14Forthwith at the king's command, Joseph was brought out of the prison, and they shaved him, and changing his apparel, brought him in to him. 15And he said to him: I have dreamed dreams, and there is no one that can expound them: Now I have heard that thou art very wise at interpreting them. 16Joseph answered: Without me, God shall give Pharao a prosperous answer. 17So Pharao told what he had dreamed: Methought I stood upon the bank of the river, 18And seven kine came up out of the river exceeding beautiful and full of flesh: and they grazed on green places in a marshy pasture. 19And behold, there followed these, other seven kine, so very ill favoured and lean, that I never saw the like in the land of Egypt: 20And the devoured and consumed the former, 21And yet gave no mark of their being full: but were as lean and ill favoured as before. I awoke, and then fell asleep again, 22And dreamed a dream: Seven ears of corn grew upon one stalk, full and very fair. 23Other seven also thin and blasted, sprung of the stock: 24And they devoured the beauty of the former: I told this dream to the conjecturers, and there is no man that can expound it. 25Joseph answered: The king's dream is one: God hath shewn to Pharao what he is about to do. 26The seven beautiful kine, and the seven full ears, are seven years of plenty: and both contain the same meaning of the dream. 27And the seven lean and thin kine that came up after them, and the seven thin ears that were blasted with the burning wind, are seven years of famine to come: 28Which shall be fulfilled in this order: 29Behold, there shall come seven years of great plenty in the whole land of Egypt: 30After which shall follow other seven years of so great scacity, that all the abundance before shall be forgotten: for the famine shall consume all the land, 31And the greatness of the scarcity shall destroy the greatness of the plenty. 32And for that thou didst see the second time a dream pertaining to the same thing: it is a token of the certainty, and that the word of God cometh to pass, and is fulfilled speedily. 33Now therefore let the king provide a wise and industrious man, and make him ruler over the land of Egypt: 34That he may appoint overseers over all the countries: and gather into barns the fifth part of the fruits, during the seven fruitful years, 35That shall now presently ensue: and let all the corn be laid up under Pharao's hands and be reserved in the cities. 36And let it be in readiness, against the famine of seven years to come, which shall oppress Egypt, and the land shall not consumed with scarcity. 37The counsel pleased Pharao and all his servants. 38And he said to them: Can we find such another man, that is full of the spirit of God? 39He said therefore to Joseph: Seeing God hath shewn thee all that thou hast said, can I find one wiser and one like unto thee? 40Thou shalt be over my house, and at the commandment of thy mouth all the people shall obey: only in the kingly throne will I be above thee. 41And again Pharao said to Joseph: Behold, I have appointed thee over the whole land of Egypt. 42And he took his ring from his own hand, and gave it into his hand: and he put upon him a robe of silk, and put a chain of gold about his neck. 43And he made him go up into his second chariot, the crier proclaiming that all should bow their knee before him, and that they should know he was made govenor over the whole land of Egypt. 44And the king said to Joseph: I am Pharao; without thy commandment no man shall move hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. 45And he turned his name, and called him in the Eyyptian tounge, The saviour of the world. And he gave him to wife Asenth the daughter of Putiphare priest of Heliopolis. Then Joseph went out to the land of Egypt: 46(Now he was thirty years old when he stood before king Pharao) and he went round all the countries of Egypt. 47And the fruitfulness of the seven years came: and the corm being bound up into sheaves was gathered together into the barns of Egypt. 48And all the abundance of grain was laid up in every city. 49And there was so great abundance of wheat, that it was equal to the sand of the sea, and the plenty exceeded measure. 50And before the famine came, Joseph had two sons born: whom Aseneth the daughter of Putiphare priest of Heliopolis bore unto him. 51And he called the name of the first born Manasses, saying: God hath made me to forget all my labours, and my father's house. 52And he named the second Epharaim, saying: God hath made me to grow in the land of my poverty. 53Now when the seven years of the plenty that had been in Egypt were past: 54The seven years of scarcity, which Joseph had foretold, began to come: and the famine prevailed in the whole world, but there was bread in all the land of Egypt. 55And when there also they began to be famished, the people cried to Pharao for food. And he said to them: Go to Joseph: and do all that he shall say to you. 56And the famine increased daily in all the land: and Joseph opened all the barns, and sold to the Egyptians: for the famine had oppressed them also. 57And all provinces came into Egypt, to buy food, and to seek some relief of their want.

Chapter 42

1And Jacob hearing that food was sold in Egypt, said to his sons: Why are ye careless? 2I have heard that wheat is sold in Egypt: go ye down, and buy us necessaries, that we may live, and not be consumed with want. 3So the ten brethren of Joseph went down, to buy corn in Egypt: 4Whilst Benjamin was kept at home by Jacob, who said to his brethren: Lest perhaps he take any harm in the journey. 5And they entered into the land of Egypt with others that went to buy. For the famine was in the land of Chanaan. 6And Joseph was governor in the land of Egypt, and corn was sold by his direction to the people. And when his brethren had bowed down to him, 7And he knew them, he spoke as it were to strangers somewhat roughly, asking them: Whence came you? They answered: From the land of Chanaan, to buy necessaries of life. 8And though he knew his brethren, he was not known by them. 9And remembering the dreams, which formerly he had dreamed, he said to them: You are spies. You are come to view the weaker parts of the land. 10But they said: It is not so, my lord, but thy servants are come to buy food. 11We are all the sons of one man: we are come as peaceable men, neither do thy servants go about any evil. 12And he answered them: It is otherwise: you are come to consider the unfenced parts of this land. 13But they said: We thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Chanaan: the youngest is with our father, the other is not living. 14He saith: This is it that I said: You are spies. 15I shall now presently try what you are: by the health of Pharao you shall not depart hence, until your youngest brother come. 16Send one of you to fetch him: and you shall be in prison, till what you have said be proved, whether it be true or false: or else by the health of Pharao you are spies. 17So he put them in prison three days. 18And the third day he brought them out of prison, and said: Do as I have said, and you shall live: for I fear God. 19If you be peaceable men, let one of your brethren be bound in prison: and go ye your ways and carry the corn that you have bought, unto your houses. 20And bring your youngest brother to me, that I may find your words to be true, and you may not die. They did as he had said. 21And they talked one to another: We deserve to suffer these things, because we have sinned against our brother, seeing the anguished of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear: therefore is this affliction come upon us. 22And Ruben one of them, said: Did not I say to you: Do not sin against the boy: and you would not hear me? Behold his blood is required. 23And they knew not that Joseph understood, because he spoke to them by an interpreter. 24And he turned himself away a little while, and wept: and returning he spoke to them. 25And taking Simeon, and binking him in their presence, he commanded his servants to fill their sacks with wheat, and to put every man's money again in their sacks, and to give them besides provisions for the way: and they did so. 26But they having loaded their asses with the corn, went their way. 27And one of them opening his sack, to give his beast provender in the inn, saw the money in the sack's mouth; 28And said to his brethren: My money is given me again, hehold it is in the sack. And thye were astonished, and troubled, and said to one another: What is this that God hath done unto us? 29And they came to Jacob their father in the land of Chanaan, and they told him all things that had befallen them, saying: 30The lord of the land spoke roughly to us, and took us to be spies of the country. 31And we answered him: We are peaceable men, and we mean no plot. 32We are twelve brethren born of one father: one is not living, the youngest is with our father in the land of Chanaan. 33And he said to us: Hereby shall I know that you are peaceable men: Leave one of your brethren with me, and take ye necessary provision for your houses, and go your ways. 34And bring your youngest brother to me, that I may know you are not spies: and you may receive this man again, that is kept in prison: and afterwards may have leave to buy what you will. 35When they had told this, they poured out their corn and every man found his money tied in the mouth of his sack: and all being astonished together, 36Their father Jacob said: You have made me to be without children: Joseph is not living, Simeon is kept in bonds, and Benjamin you will take away: all these evils are fallen upon me. 37And Ruben answered him: Kill my two sons if I bring him not again to thee: deliver him unto my hand, and I will restore him to thee. 38But he said: My son shall not go down with you: his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if any mischief befall him in the land to which you go, you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to hell.

Chapter 43

1In the mean time the famine was heavy upon all the land. 2And when they had eaten up all the corn, which they had brought out of Egypt, Jacob said to his sons: Go again and buy us a little food. 3Juda answered: The man declared unto us with the atteststion of an oath, saying: You shall not see my face, unless you bring your youngest brother with you. 4If therefore thou wilt send him with us, we will set out together, and will buy necessaries for thee. 5But if thou wilt not, we will not go: for the man, as we have often said, declared unto us, saying: You shall not see my face without your youngest brother. 6Israel said to them: You have done this for my misery in that you told him you had also another brother. 7But they answered: The man asked us in order concerning our kindred: if our father lived: if we had a brother: and we answered him regularly, according to what he demanded: Bring hither your brother with you? 8And Juda said to his father: Send the bou with me, that we may set forward, and may live: lest both we and our children perish. 9I take the boy upon me, require him at my hand: unless I bring him again, and restore him to thee, I will be guilty of sin against thee for ever. 10If delay had not been made, we had been here again the second time. 11Then Israel said to them: If it must needs be so, do what you will: take of the best fruits of the land in your vessels, and carry down presents to the man, a little balm, and honey, and storax, myrrh, turpentine, and almonds. 12And take with you double money, and carry back what you found in your sacks, lest perhaps it was done by mistake. 13And take also your brother, and go to the man. 14And may my almighty Bod make him favourable to you; and send back with you your brother, whom he keepeth, and this Benjamin: and as for me I shall be desolate without children. 15So the men took the presents, and double money, and Benjamin: and went down into Egypt, and stood before Joseph. 16And when he had seen them, and Benjamin with them, he commanded the steward of his house, saying: Bring in the men into the house, and kill victims, and prepare a feast: because they shall eat with me at noon. 17He did as he was commanded, and brought the men into the house. 18And they being much afraid, said there one to another: Because of the money, which we carried back the first time in our sacks, we are brought in: that he may bring upon us a false accusation, and by violence make slaves of us and our asses. 19Wherefore going up to the steward of the house, at the door, 20They said: Sir, we desire thee to hear us: We came down once before to buy food: 21And when we had bought, and come to the inn, we opened our sacks, and found our money in the mouths of the sacks: which we have now brought again in the same weight. 22And we have brought other money besides, to buy what we want: we cannot tell who put it in our bags. 23But he answered: Peace be with you, fear not: your God, and the God of your Father hath given you treasure in your sacks. For the money, which you gave me, I have for good. And he brought Simeon out to them. 24And having brought them into the house, he fetched water, and they washed their feet, and he gave provender to their asses. 25But they made ready the presents, against Joseph came at noon: for they had heard that they should eat bread there. 26Then Joseph came into his house, and they offered him the presents holding them in their hands, and they bowed down with their face to the ground. 27But he, courteously saluting them again, asked them, saying: Is the old man your father in health, of whom uou told me? Is he yet living? 28And they answered: Thy servant our father is in health, he is yet living. And bowing themselves they made obeisance to him. 29And Joseph lifting up his eyes, saw Benjamin his brother, by the same mother, and said: Is this your young brother, of whom you told me? And he said: God be gracious to thee, my son. 30And he made haste becouse his heart was moved upon his brother, and tears gushed out: And going into his chamber he wept. 31And when he had washed his face, coming out again, he refrained himself, and said: Set bread on the table. 32And when it was set on, for Joseph apart, and for his brethren apart, for the Egyptians also that ate with him, apart, (for it is unlawful for the Egyptians to eat with the Hebrews, and they think such a feast profane:) 33They sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his age. And they wondered very much: 34Taking the messes which they received of him: and the greater mess came to Benjamin, so that it exceeded by five parts. And they drank, and were merry with him.

Chapter 44

1And Joseph commanded the steward of his house, saying: Fill their sacks with corn, as much as they can hold: and put the money of every one in the top of his sack. 2And in the mouth of the younger's sack put my silver cup, and the price which he gave for the wheat. And it was so done. 3And when the morning arose, they were sent away with their asses. 4And when they were now departed out of the city, and had gone forward a little way; Joseph sendingfor the steward of his house, said: Arise, and pursue after the men: and when thou hast overtaken them, say to them: Why have you returned evil for good? 5The cup which you have stolen is that in which my lord drinketh, and in which he is wont to divine: you have done a very evil thing. 6He did as he had commanded him. And having overtaken them, he spoke to them the same words. 7And they answered: Why doth our lord speak so, as though thy servants had committed so heinous a fact? 8The money, that we found in the top of our sacks, we brought back to thee from the land of Chanaan: how then should it be that we should steal out of thy lord's house, gold or silver? 9With whomsoever of thy servants shall be found that which thou seekest, let him die, and we will be the bondmen of my lord. 10And he said to them: Let it be according to your sentence: with whomsoever it shall be found, let him be my servant, and you shall be blameless. 11Them they speedily took down their sacks to the ground, and every man opened his sack. 12Which when he had searched, beginning at the eldest and ending at the youngest, he found the cup in Benjamin's sack. 13Then they rent their garments, and loading their asses again, returned into the town. 14And Juda at the head of his brethren went in to Joseph, (for he was not yet gone out of the place, ) and they altogether fell down before him on the ground. 15And he said to them: Why would you do so? know you not that there is no one like me in the science of divining. 16And Juda said to him: What shall we answer my lord? or what shall we say, or be able justly to allege? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are all bondmen to my lord, both we, and he with whom the cup was found. 17Joseph answered: God forbid that should do so: he that stole the cup, he shall be my bondman: and go you away free to your father. 18Then Juda coming hearer, said boldly: I beseech thee, my lord, let thy servant speak a word in thy ears, and be not angry with thy servant: for after Pharao thou art, 19My lord. Thou didst ask thy servants the first time: Have you a father or a brother? 20And we answered thee, my lord: We have a father an old man, and a young boy, that was born in his old age; whose brother by the mother is dead: and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him tenderly. 21And thou saidst to thy servants: Bring him hither to me, and I will set my eyes on him. 22We suggested to my lord: The boy cannot leave his father: for if he leave him, he will die. 23And thou saidst to thy servants: Except your youngest brother come with you, you shall see my face no more. 24Therefore when we were gone up to thy servant our father, we told him all that my lord had said. 25And our father said: Go again, and buy us a little wheat. 26And we said to him: We cannot go: if our youngest brother go down with us, we will set out together: otherwise, without him we dare not see the man's face. 27Whereunto he answered: You know that my wife bore two. 28One went out, and you said: A beast devoured him: and hitherto he appeareth not. 29If you take this also, and any thing befall him in the way you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow unto hell. 3030Therefore if I shall go to thy servant our father, and the boy be wanting, (whereas his life dependeth upon the life of him,) 31And he shall see that he is not with us, he will die, and thy servants shall bring down his gray hairs with sorrow unto hell. 32Let me be tht proper servant, who took him into my trust, and promised, saying: If I bring him not again, I will be guilty of sin against my father for ever. 33Therefore I thy servant will stay instead of the boy in the service of my lord, and let the boy go up with his brethren. 34For I cannot return to my father without the boy, lest I be a witness of the calamity that will oppress my father.

Chapter 45

1Joseph could no longer refrain himself before many that stood by: whereupon he commanded that all should go out, and no stranger be present at their knowing one another. 2And he lifted up his voice with weeping, which the Egyptians and all the house of Pharao heard. \ 3And he said to his brethren: I am Joseph: is my father yet living? His brethren could no answer him, being struck with exceeding great fear. 4And he said mildly to them: Come nearer to me. And when they were come near him, he said: I am Joseph, your brother, whom you sold into Egypt. 5Be not afraid, and let it not seem to you a hard case that you sold me into these countries: for God sent me before you into Egypt for your preservation. 6For it is two years since the famine began to be upon the land, and five years more remain, wherein there can be neither ploughing nor reaping. 7And God sent me before, that you may be preserved upon the earth, and may have food to live. 8Not by your counsel was I sent hither, but by the will of God: who hath made me as it were a father to Pharao, and lord of his whold house, and governor in all the land of Egypt. 9Make haste, and go ye up to my father, and say to him: Thus saith thy son Joseph: God hath made me lord of the whole land of Egypt: come down to me, linger not. 10And thou shalt dwell in the land of Gessen: and thou shalt be near me, thou and thy sons, and thy son's sons, thy sheep, and thy gerds, and all things that thou hast. 11And there I will feed thee, (for there are yet five years of famine remaining,) lest both thou perish, and thy house, and all things that thou hast. 12Behold, your eyes, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin see that it is my mouth that speaketh to you. 13You shall tell my father of all my glory, and all things that you have seen in Egypt: make haste and bring him to me. 14And falling upon the neck of his brother Benjamin, he embraced him and wept: and Benjamin in like manner wept also on his neck. 15And Joseph kissed all his brethren, and wept upon every one of them: after which they were emboldened to speak to him. 16And it was heard, and the fame was abroad in the king's court: The brethren of Joseph are come: and Pharao with all his family was glad. 17And he spoke to Joseph that he should give orders to his brethren, saying : Load your beasts, and go into the land of Chanaan. 18And bring away from thence your father and kindred, and come to me: and I will give you all the good things of Egypt, that you may eat the marrow of the land. 19Give orders also that they take wagons out of the land of Egypt, for/ the carriage of their children and their wives: and say: Take up your father, and make haste to come with all speed: 20And leave nothing of your household stuff: for all the riches of Egypt shall be yours. 21And the sons of Israel did as they were bid. And Joseph gave them wagons according to Pharao's commandment: and provisions for the way. 22He ordered also to be brought out for every one of them two robes: but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver with five robes of the best: 23Sending to his father as much money and raiment, adding besides ten he asses to carry off all the riches of Egypt, and as many she asses, carrying wheat and bread for the journey. 24So he sent away his brethren, and at their departing said to them: Be not angry in the way. 25And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Chanaan to their father Jacob. 26And they told him, saying: Joseph thy son is living: and he is ruler in all the land of Egypt. Which when Jacob heard, he awaked as it were out of a deep sleep, yet did not believe them. 27They, on the other side, told the whole order of the thing. And when he saw the wagons and all that he had sent his spirit revived, 28And he said: It is enough for me, if Joseph my son be yet living: Iwill go and see him before I die.

Chapter 46

1And Israel taking his journey, with all that he had, came to the well of the oath, and killing victims there to the God of his father Isaac, 2He heard him by a vision in the night calling him, and saying to him: Jacob, Jacob. And he answered him: Lo, here I am. 3God said to him: I am the most mighty God of thy father: fear not, go down into Egypt, for I will make a great nation of thee there. 4I will go down with thee thither, and will bring thee back again from thence: Joseph also shall put his hands upon thy eyes. 5And Jacob rose up from the well of the oath: and his sons took him up, with their children and wives in the wagons, which Pharao had sent to carry the old man, 6And all that he had in the land of Chanaan, and he came into Egypt with all his seed: 7His sons, and grandsons, daughters, and all his offspring together. 8And these are the names of the children of Israel, that entered into Egypt, he and his children. His firstborn Ruben, 9The sons of Ruben: Henoch and Phallu, and Hesron and Charmi. 10The sons of Simeon: Jamuel and Jamin and Ahod, and Jachin and Sohar, and Saul the son of a woman of Chanaan. 11The sons of Levi: Gerson and Caath and Merari. 12The sons of Juda: Her and Onan and Sela and Phares and Zara. And Her and Onan died in the land of Chanaan. And sons were born to Phares: Hesron and Hamul. 13The sons of Issachar: Thola and Phua and Job and Semron. 14The sons of Zabulon: Sared and Elo and Jahelel. 15These are the sons of Lia, whom she bore in Mesopotamia of Syria, with Dina his daughter. All the souls of her sons and daughters, thirty-three. 16The sons of Cad: Sephian and Haggi and Suni and Esebon and Heri and Arodi and Areli. 17The sons of Beer: Jamne and Jesua and Jessuri and Beria, and Sara their sister. The sons of Beria: Heber and Melchiel. 18These are the sons of Zelpha, whom Laban gave to Lia his daughter. And these she bore to Jacob, sixteen souls. 19The sons of Rachel Jacob's wife: Joseph and Benjamin. 20And sons were born to Joseph, in the land of Egypt, whom Aseneth the daughter of Putiphare priest of Heliopolis bore him: Manasses and Ephraim. 21The sons of Benjamin: Bela and Bechor and Asbel and Gera and Naaman and Echi and Ros and Mophim and Ophim and Ared. 22These are the sons of Rachel, whom she bore to Jacob: all the souls, fourteen. 23The sons of Dan: Husim. 24The sons of Nephtali: Jaziel and Guni and Jeser and Sallem. 25These are the sons of Bala, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter: and these she bore to Jacob: all the souls, seven. 26All the souls that went with Jacob into Egypt, and that came out of his thigh, besides his sons' wives, sixty-six. 27And the sons of Joseph, that were born to him in the land of Egypt, two souls. All the souls of the house of Jacob, that entered into Egypt, were seventy. 28And he sent Juda before him to Joseph, to tell him; and that he should meet him in Gessen. 29And when he was come thither, Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet his father, in the same place: and seeing him, he fell upon his neck, and embracing him wept. 30And the father said to Joseph: Now shall I die with joy, because I have seen thy face, and leave thee alive. 31And Joseph said to his brethren, and to all his father's house: I will go up, and will tell Pharao, and will say to him: My brethren and my father's house, that were in the land of Chanaan, are come to me: 32And the men are shepherds, and their occupation is to feed cattle: their flocks and herds, and all they have, they have brought with them. 33And when he shall call you, and shall say: What is your occupation? 34You shall answer: We thy servants are shepherds, from our infancy until now, both we and our fathers. And this you shall say, that you may dwell in the land of Gessen, because the Egyptians have all shepherds in abomination.

Chapter 47

1Then Joseph went in and told Pharao, saying: My father and brethren, their sheep and their herds, and all that they possess, are come out of the land of Chanaan: and behold they stay in the land of Gessen. 2Five men also the last of his brethren, he presented before the king: 3And he asked them: What is your occupation? They answered: We thy servants are shepherds, both we, and our fathers. 4We are come to sojourn in thy land, because there is no grass for the flocks of thy servants, the famine being very grievous in the land of Chanaan: and we pray thee to give orders that we thy servants may be in the land of Gessen. 5The king therefore said to Joseph: Thy father and thy brethren are come to thee. 6The land of Egypt is before thee: make them dwell in the best place, and give them the land of Gessen. And if thou knowest that there are industrious men among them, make them rulers over my cattle. 7After this Joseph brought in his father to the king, and presented him before him: and he blessed him. 8And being asked by him: How many are the days of the years of thy life? 9He answered: The days of my pilgrimage are a hundred and thirty years, few, and evil, and they are not come up to the days of the pilgrimage of my fathers. 10And blessing the king, he went out. 11But Joseph gave a possession to his father and his brethren in Egypt, in the best place of the land, in Ramesses, as Pharao had commanded. 12And he nourished them, and all his father's house, allowing food to every one. 13For in the whole world there was want of bread, and a famine had oppressed the land: more especially of Egypt and Chanaan. 14Out of which he gathered up all the money for the corn which they bought, and brought it into the king's treasure. 15And when the buyers wanted money, all Egypt came to Joseph, saying: Give us bread: why should we die in thy presence, having now net money. 16And he answered them: Bring your cattle, and for them I will give you food, if you have no money. 17And when they had brought them, he gave them food in exchange for their horses, and sheep, and oxen, end asses and he maintained them that year for the exchange of their cattle. 18And they came the second year, and said to him: We will not hide from our lord, how that our money is spent, and our cattle also are gone: neither art thou ignorant that we have nothing now left but our bodies and our lands. 19Why therefore shall we die before thy eyes? we will be thine, both we and our lands: buy us to be the king's servants, and give us seed, lest for want of tillers the land be turned into a wilderness. 20So Joseph bought all the land of Egypt, every man selling his possessions, because of the greatness of the famine. And he brought it into Pharao's hands: 21And all its people from one end of the borders of Egypt, even to the other end thereof, 22Except the land of the priests, which had been given them by the king: to whom also a certain allowance of food was given out of the public stores, and therefore they were not forced to sell their possessions. 23Then Joseph said to the people : Behold as you see, both you and your lands belong to Pharao: take seed and sow the fields, 24That you may have corn. The fifth part you shall give to the king: the other four you shall have for seed, and for food for your families and children. 25And they answered: Our life is in thy hand: only let my lord look favourably upon us, and we will gladly serve the king. 26From that time unto this day, in the whole land of Egypt, the fifth part is paid to the king, and it is become as a law, except the land of the priests, which was free from this covenant. 27So Israel dwelt in Egypt, that is, in the land of Gessen, and possessed it: and grew, and was multiplied exceedingly. 28And he lived in it seventeen years: and all the days of his life came to a hundred and forty-seven years. 29And when he saw that the day of his death drew nigh, he called his son Joseph, and said to him: If I have found favour in thy sight, put thy hand under my thigh; and thou shalt shew me this kindness and truth, not to bury me in Egypt: 30But I will sleep with my fathers, end thou shalt take me away out of this land, and bury me in the burying place of my ancestors. And Joseph answered him: I will do what thou hast commanded. 31And he said: Swear then to me. And as he was swearing, Israel adored God, turning to the bed's head.

Chapter 48

1After these things, it was told Joseph that his father was sick: and he set out to go to him, taking his two sons Manasses and Ephraim. 2And it was told the old man: Behold I thy son Joseph cometh to thee. And being strengthened he sat on his bed. 3And when Joseph was come in to him, he said : God Almighty appeared to me at Lute, which is in the land of Chanaan: and he blessed me, 4And he said : I will cause thee to increase and multiply, and I will make of thee a multitude of people: and I will give this land to thee, and to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession. 5So thy two sons who were born to thee in the land of Egypt before I came hither to thee, shall be mine: Ephraim and Manasses shall be reputed to me as Ruben and Simeon. 6But the rest whom thou shalt have after them, shall be thine, and shall be called by the name of their brethren in their possessions. 7For, when I came out of Mesopotamia, Rachel died from me in the land of Ohanaan in the very journey, and it was springtime: and I was going to Ephrata, and I buried her near the way of Ephrata, which by another name is called Bethlehem. 8Then seeing his sons, he said to him: Who are these? 9He answered: They are my sons, whom God hath given me in this place. And he said: Bring them to me that I may bless them. 10For Israel's eyes were dim by reason of his great age, and he could not see clearly. And when they were brought to him, he kissed and embraced them. 11And said to his son: I am not deprived of seeing thee: moreover God hath shewed me thy seed. 12And when Joseph had taken them from his father's lap, he bowed down with his face to the ground. 13And he set Ephraim on his right bend, that is, towards the left hand of Israel; but Manasses on his left hand, to wit, towards his father's right hand, and brought them near to him. 14But he stretching forth his right hand, put it upon the head of Ephraim the younger brother; and the left upon the head of Manasses who was the elder, changing his hands. 15And Jacob blessed the sons of Joseph, and said: God, in whose sight my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, God that feedeth me from my youth until this day; 16The angel that delivereth me from all evils, bless these boys: and let my name be called upon them, and the names of my fathers Abraham, and Isaac, and may they grow into a multitude upon the earth. 17And Joseph seeing that his father had put his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, was much displeased: and taking his father's hand he tried to lift it from Ephraims head, and to remove it to the head of Manasses. 18And he said to his father: It should not be so, my father: for this is the firstborn, put thy right hand upon his head. 19But he refusing, said: I know, my son, I know: and this also shall become peoples, and shall be multiplied: but this younger brother shall be greater than he: and his seed shall grow into nations. 20And he blessed them at that time, saying: In thee shall Israel be blessed, and it shall be said: God do to thee as to Ephraim, and as to Manasses. And he set Ephraim before Manasses. 21And he said to Joseph his son: Behold I die, and God will be with you, and will bring you back into the land of your fathers. 22I give thee a portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorrhite a with my sword and bow.

Chapter 49

1And Jacob called his sons, and said to them: Gather yourselves together that I may tell you the things that shall befall you in the last days. 2Gather yourselves together, and hear, O ye sons of Jacob, hearken to Israel your father: 3Ruben, my firstborn, thou art my strength, and the beginning of my sorrow: excelling in gifts, greater in command. 4Thou art poured out as water, grow thou not: because thou wentest up to thy father's bed, and didst defile his couch. 5Simeon and Levi brethren: vessels of iniquity, waging war. 6Let not my soul go into their counsel, nor my glory be in their assembly: "because in their fury they slew a man, and in their selfwill they undermined a wall. 7Cursed be their fury, because it was stubborn: and their wrath because it was cruel: I Will divide them in Jacob, and will scatter them in Israel. 8Juda, thee shall thy brethren praise: thy hands shall be on the necks of thy enemies: the sons of thy father shall bow down to thee. 9Juda is a lion's whelp: to the prey, my son, thou art gone up: resting thou hast couched as a lion, and as a lioness, who shall rouse him? 10The sceptre shall not be taken away from Juda, nor a ruler from his thigh, till he come that is to be sent, and he shall be the expectation of nations. 1111Tying his foal to the vineyard, and his ass, my son, to the vine. He shall wash his robe in wine, and his garment in the blood of the grape. 12His eyes are more beautiful than wine, and his teeth whiter than milk. 13Zabulon shall dwell on the sea shore, and in the road of ships, reaching as far as Sidon. 14Issachar shall be a strong ass lying down between the borders. 15He saw rest that it was good: and the land that it was excellent: and he bowed his shoulder to carry, and became a servant under tribute. 16Dan shall judge his people like any other tribe in Israel. 17Let Dan be a snake in the way, a serpent in the path, that biteth the horse's heels that his rider may fall backward. 18I will look for thy salvation, Lord. 19Gad, being girded, shall fight before him: and he himself shall be girded backward. 20Aser, his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield dainties to kings. 21Nephtali, a hart let loose, and giving words of beauty. 22Joseph is a growing son, a growing son and comely to behold; the daughters run to and fro upon the wall. 23But they that held darts provoked him, and quarrelled with him, and envied him. 24His bow rested upon the strong, and the bands of his arms and his hands were loosed, by the hands of the mighty one of Jacob: thence he came forth a pastor, the stone of Israel. 25The God of thy father shall be thy helper, and the Almighty shall bless thee with the blessings of heaven above, with the blessings of the deep that lieth beneath, with the blessings of the breasts and of the womb. 26The blessings of thy father are strengthened with the blessings of his fathers: until the desire of the everlasting hills should come; may they be upon the head of Joseph, and upon the crown of the Nazarite among his brethren. 27Benjamin a ravenous wolf, in the morning shall eat the prey, and in the evening shall divide the spoil. 28All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: these things their father spoke to them, and he blessed every one, with their proper blessings. 29And he charged them, saying: I am now going to be gathered to my people : bury me with my fathers in the double cave, which is in the field of Ephron the Hethite, 30Over against Mambre in the land of Chanaan, which Abraham bought together with the field of Ephron the Hethite for a possession to bury in. 31There they buried him, and Sara his wife: there was Isaac buried with Rebecca his wife: there also Lia doth lie buried. 32And when he had ended the commandments, wherewith he instructed his sons, he drew up his feet upon the bed, and died: and he was gathered to his people."

Chapter 50

1And when Joseph saw this, he fell upon his father's face weeping and kissing him. 2And he commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father. 3And while they were fulfilling his commands, there passed forty days: for this was the manner with bodies that were embalmed, and Egypt mounted for him seventy days. 4And the time of the mourning being expired, Joseph spoke to the family of Pharao: If I have found favour in your sight, speak in the ears of Pharao: 5For my father made me swear to him, saying: Behold I die: thou shalt bury me in my sepulchre which I have digged for myself in the land of Chanaan. So I will go up and bury my father, and return. 6And Pharao said to him: Go up and bury thy father according as he made thee swear. 7So he went up, and there went with him all the ancients of Pharao's house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, 8And the house of Joseph with his brethren, except their children, and their flocks and herds, which they left in the land of Gessen. 9He had also in his train chariots and horsemen: and it was it great company. 10And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which is situated beyond the Jordan: where celebrating the exequies with a great and vehement lamentation, they spent full seven days. 11And when the inhabitants of Chanaan saw this, they said: This is a great mourning to the Egyptians. And therefore the name of that place was called, The mourning of Egypt. 12So the sons of Jacob did as he had commanded them. 13And carrying him into the land of Chanaan, they buried him in the double cave which Abraham had bought together with the held for a possession of a buryingplace, of Ephron the Hethite over against Mambre. 14And Joseph returned into Egypt with his brethren, and all that were in his company, after he had buried his father. 15Now he being dead, his brethren were afraid, and talked one with another : Lest perhaps he should remember the wrong he suffered, and requite us all the evil that we did to him. 16And they sent a message to him, saying: Thy father commanded us before he died, 17That we should say thus much to thee from him: I beseech thee to forget the wickedness of thy brethren, and the sin and malice they practiced against thee: we also pray thee, to forgive the servants of the God of thy father this wickedness. And when Joseph heard this, he wept. 18And his brethren came to him: and worshipping prostrate on the ground they said: We are thy servants. 19And he answered them: Fear not: can we resist the will of God? 20You thought evil against me: but God turned it into good, that he might exalt me, as at present you see, and might save many people. 21Fear not: I will feed you and your children. And he comforted them, and spoke gently and mildly. 22And he dwelt in Egypt with all his father's house: and lived a hundred and ten years. And he saw the children of Ephraim to the third generation. The children also of Machir the son of Ma-nasses were born on Joseph's knees. 23After which he told his brethren: God will visit you after my death, and will make you go up out of this land, to the land which he swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 24And he made them swear to him, saying: God will visit you, Carry my bones with you out of this place: 25And he died being a hundred and ten years old. And being embalmed he was laid in a coffin in Egypt.

The Book of Exodus

The Second Book of Moses is called EXODUS, from the Greek word ἐξοδός, which signifies going out: because it contains the history of the going out of the children of Israel out of Egypt. The Hebrews, from the words with which it begins, call it VEELLE SEMOTH: These are the names. It contains transactions for 145 years; that is, from the death of Joseph to the erecting of the tabernacle.

Chapter 1

1These are the names of the children of Israel, that went into Egypt with Jacob: they went in, every man with his household: 2Ruben, Simeon, Levi, Juda, 3Issachar, Zabulon, and Benjamin, 4Dan, and Nephtali, Gad and Aser. 5And all the souls that came out of Jacob's thigh, were seventy: but Joseph was in Egypt. 6After he was dead, and all his brethren, and all that generation, 7The children of Israel increased, and sprung up into multitudes, and growing exceedingly strong they filled the land. 8In the mean time there arose a new king over Egypt, that knew not Joseph: 9And he said to his people: Behold the people of the children of Israel are numerous and stronger than we. 10Come, let us wisely oppress them, lest they multiply: and if any war shall rise against us, join with our enemies, and having overcome us, depart out of the land. 11Therefore he set over them masters of the works, to afflict them with burdens, and they built for Pharao cities of tabernacles, Phithom and Ramesses. 12But the more they oppressed them, the more they were multiplied, and increased: 13And the Egyptians hated the children of Israel, and afflicted them and mocked them: 14And they made their life bitter with hard works in clay, and brick, and with all manner of service, wherewith they were overcharged in the works of the earth. 15And the king of Egypt spoke to the midwives of the Hebrews: of whom one was called Sephora, the other Phua, 16Commanding them: When you shall do the office of midwives to the Hebrew women, and the time of delivery is come: if it be a man child, kill it: if a woman, keep it alive. 17But the midwives feared God, and did not do as the king of Egypt had commanded, but saved the men children. 18And the king called for them and said: What is that you meant to do, that you would save the men children ? 19They answered: The Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women: for they themselves are skillful in the office of a midwife; and they are delivered before we come to them. 20Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied and grew exceedingly strong. 21And because the midwives feared God, he built them houses. 22Pharao therefore charged all his people, saying: Whatsoever shall be born of the male sex, ye shall cast into the river: whatsoever of the female, ye shall save alive.

Chapter 2

1After this there went a man of the house of Levi; and took a wife of his own kindred. 2And she conceived, and bore a son; and seeing him a goodly child hid him three months. 3And when she could hide him no longer, she took a basket made of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and pitch: and put the little babe therein, and laid him in the sedges by the river's brink, 4His sister standing afar off, and taking notice what would be done. 5And behold the daughter of Pharao came down to wash herself in the river: and her maids walked by the river's brink. And when she saw the basket in the sedges, she sent one of her maids for it: and when it was brought, 6She opened it and seeing within it an infant crying, having compassion on it she said: This is one of the babes of the Hebrews. 7And the child's sister said to her Shall I go and call to thee a Hebrew woman, to nurse the babe ? 8She answered: Go. The maid went and called her mother. 9And Pharao's daughter said to her. Take this child and nurse him for me: I will give thee thy wages. The woman took, and nursed the child: and when he was grown up, she delivered him to Pharao's daughter. 10And she adopted him for a son, and called him Moses, saying: Because I took him out of the water. 11In those days after Moses was grown up, he went out to his brethren: and saw their affliction, and an Egyptian striking one of the Hebrews his brethren. 12And when he had looked about this way and that way, and saw no one there, he slew the Egyptian and hid him in the sand. 13And going out the next day, he saw two Hebrews quarreling: and he said to him that did the wrong: Why strikest thou thy neighbour? 14But he answered: Who hath appointed thee prince and judge over us: wilt thou kill me, as thou didst yesterday kill the Egyptian? Moses feared, and said: How is this come to be known ? 15And Pharao heard of this word and sought to kill Moses: but he fled from his sight, and abode in the land of Madian, and he sat down by a well. 16And the priest of Madian had seven daughters, who came to draw water: and when the troughs were filled, desired to water their father's flocks. 17And the shepherds came and drove them away: and Moses arose, and defending the maids, watered their sheep. 18And when they returned to Raguel their father, he said to them: Why are ye come sooner than usual? 19They answered: A man of Egypt delivered us from the hands of the shepherds: and he drew water also with us, and gave the sheep to drink. 20But he said: Where is he? why have you let the man go? call him that he may eat bread. 21And Moses swore that he would dwell with him. And he took Sephora his daughter to wife: 22And she bore him a son, whom he called Gersam, saying: I have been a stranger in a foreign country. And she bore another, whom he called Eliezer, saying: For the God of my father, my helper hath delivered me out of the hand of Pharao. 23Now after a long time the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel groaning, cried out because of the works: and their cry went up unto God from the works. 24And he heard their groaning, and remembered the covenant which he made with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 25And the Lord looked upon the children of Israel, and he knew them.

Chapter 3

1Now Moses fed the sheep of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Madian: and he drove the flock to the inner parts of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, Horeb. 2And the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he saw that the bush was on fire and was not burnt. 3And Moses said: I will go and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt. 4And when the Lord saw that he went forward to see, he called to him out of the midst of the bush, and said: Moses, Moses. And he answered: Here I am. 5And he said: Come not nigh hither, put off the shoes from thy feet: for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground. 6And he said: I am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. Moses hid his face: for he durst not look at God. 7And the Lord said to him: I have seen the affliction of my people in Egypt, and I have heard their cry because of the rigour of them that are over the works: 8And knowing their sorrow, I am come down to deliver them out of the hands of the Egyptians, and to bring them out of that land into a good and spacious land, into a land that floweth with milk and honey, to the places of the Chanaanite, and Hethite, and Amorrhite, and Pherezite, and Hevite, and Jebusite. 9For the cry of the children of Israel is come unto me: and I have seen their affliction, wherewith they are oppressed by the Egyptians. 10But come, and I will send thee to Pharao, that thou mayst bring forth my people, the children of Israel out of Egypt. 11And Moses said to God: Who am I that I should go to Pharao, and should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt? 12And he said to him: I will be with thee: and this thou shalt have for a sign, that I have sent thee: When thou shalt have brought my people out of Egypt, thou shalt offer sacrifice to God upon this mountain. 13Moses said to God: Lo, I shall go to the children of Israel, and say to them: The God of your fathers hath sent me to you. If they should say to me: What is his name? what shall I say to them? 14God said to Moses: I AM WHO AM. He said: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: HE WHO IS, hath sent me to you. 15And God said again to Moses: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me to you: This is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations. 16Go, gather together the ancients of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The Lord God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared to me, saying: Visiting I have visited you: and I have seen all that hath befallen you in Egypt. 17And I have said the word to bring you forth out of the affliction of Egypt, into the land of the Chanaanite, the Hethite, and the Amorrhite, and Pherezite, and Hevite, and Jebusite, to a land that floweth with milk and honey. 18And they shall hear thy voice: and thou shalt go in, thou and the ancients of Israel, to the king of Egypt, and thou shalt say to him: The Lord God of the Hebrews hath called us: we will go three days' journey into the wilderness, to sacrifice unto the Lord our God. 19But I know that the king of Egypt will not let you go, but by a mighty hand. 20For I will stretch forth my hand and will strike Egypt with all my wonders which I will do in the midst of them: after these he will let you go. 21And I will give favour to this people, in the sight of the Egyptians: and when you go forth, you shall not depart empty: 22But every woman shall ask of her neighbour, and of her that is in her house, vessels of silver and of gold, and raiment: and you shall put them on your sons and daughters, and shall spoil Egypt.

Chapter 4

1Moses answered and said: They will not believe me, nor hear my voice, but they will say: The Lord hath not appeared to thee. 2Then he said to him: What is that thou holdest in thy hand? He answered: A rod. 3And the Lord said: Cast it down upon the ground. He cast it down, and it was turned into a serpent: so that Moses fled from it. 4And the Lord said: Put out thy hand and take it by the tail. He put forth his hand, and took hold of it, and it was turned into a rod. 5That they may believe, saith he, that the Lord God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared to thee. 6And the Lord said again: Put thy hand into thy bosom. And when he had put it into his bosom, he brought it forth leprous as snow. 7And he said: Put back thy hand into thy bosom. He put it back, and brought it out again, and it was like the other flesh. 8If they will not believe thee, saith he, nor hear the voice of the former sign, they will believe the word of the latter sign. 9But if they will not even believe these two signs, nor hear thy voice: take of the river water, and pour it out upon the dry land, and whatsoever thou drawest out of the river shall be turned into blood. 10Moses said: I beseech thee, Lord. I am not eloquent from yesterday and the day before: and since thou hast spoken to thy servant, I have more impediment and slowness of tongue. 11The Lord said to him: Who made man's mouth? or who made the dumb and the deaf, the seeing and the blind? did not I? 12Go therefore and I will be in thy mouth: and I will teach thee what thou shalt speak. 13But he said: I beseech thee, Lord send whom thou wilt send. 14The Lord being angry at Moses, said Aaron the Levite is thy brother, I know that he is eloquent: behold he cometh forth to meet thee, and seeing thee shall be glad at heart. 15Speak to him, and put my words in his mouth: and I will be in thy mouth, and in his mouth, and will shew you what you must do. 16He shall speak in thy stead to the people, and shall be thy mouth: but thou shalt be to him in those things that pertain to God. 17And take this rod in thy hand, wherewith thou shalt do the signs. 18Moses went his way, and returned to Jethro his father in law and said to him: I will go and return to my brethren into Egypt, that I may see if they be yet alive. And Jethro said to him: Go in peace. 19And the Lord said to Moses, in Madian: Go, and return into Egypt: for they are all dead that sought thy life. 20Moses therefore took his wife, and his sons, and set them upon an ass: and returned into Egypt, carrying the rod of God in his hand. 21And the Lord said to him as he was returning into Egypt: See that thou do all the wonders before Pharao, which I have put in thy hand: I shall harden his heart, and he will not let the people go. 22And thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord: Israel is my son, my firstborn. 23I have said to thee: Let my son go, that he may serve me, and thou wouldst not let him go: behold I will kill thy son, thy firstborn. 24And when he was in his journey, in the inn, the Lord met him, and would have killed him. 25Immediately Sephora took a very sharp stone, and circumcised the fore skin of her son, and touched his feet and said: A bloody spouse art thou to me. 26And he let him go after she had said A bloody spouse art thou to me, because of the circumcision. 27And the Lord said to Aaron: Go into the desert to meet Moses. And he went forth to meet him in the mountain of God, and kissed him. 28And Moses told Aaron all the words of the Lord, by which he had sent him, and the signs that he had commanded. 29And they came together, and they assembled all the ancients of the children of Israel. 30And Aaron spoke all the words which the Lord had said to Moses: and he wrought the signs before the people, 31And the people believed. And they heard that the Lord had visited the children of Israel: and that he had looked upon their affliction: and falling down they adored.

Chapter 5

1After these things Moses and Aaron went in, and said to Pharao: Thus saith the Lord God of Israel: Let my people go that they may sacrifice to me in the desert. 2But he answered: Who is the Lord, that I should hear his voice, and let Israel go? I know not the Lord, neither will I let Israel go. 3And they said: The God of the Hebrews hath called us, to go three days' journey into the wilderness and to sacrifice to the Lord our God: lest a pestilence or the sword fall upon us. 4The king of Egypt said to them: Why do you Moses and Aaron draw off the people from their works? Get you gone to your burdens. 5And Pharao said: The people of the land is numerous: you see that the multitude is increased: how much more if you give them rest from their works? 6Therefore he commanded the same day the overseers of the works, and the taskmasters of the people, saying: 7You shall give straw no more to the people to make brick, as before: but let them go and gather straw. 8And you shall lay upon them the task of bricks, which they did before, neither shall you diminish any thing thereof: for they are idle, and therefore they cry, saying: Let us go and sacrifice to our God. 9Let them be oppressed, with works, and let them fulfill them: that they may not regard lying words. 10And the overseers of the works and the taskmasters went out and said to the people: Thus saith Pharao, I allow you no straw: 11Go, and gather it where you can find it: neither shall any thing of your work be diminished. 12And the people was scattered through all the land of Egypt to gather straw. 13And the overseers of the works pressed them, saying: Fulfill your work every day as before you were wont to do when straw was given you. 14And they that were over the works of the children of Israel were scourged by Pharao's taskmasters, saying: Why have you not made up the task of bricks both yesterday and to day as before? 15And the officers of the children of Israel came, and cried out to Pharao, saying: Why dealest thou so with thy servants? 16Straw is not given us, and bricks are required of us as before: behold we thy servants are beaten with whips, and thy people is unjustly dealt withal. 17And he said: You are idle, and therefore you say: Let us go and sacrifice to the Lord. 18Go therefore, and work: straw shall not be given you, and you shall deliver the accustomed number of bricks. 19And the officers of the children of Israel saw that they were in evil case, because it was said to them: There shall not a whit be diminished of the bricks for every day. 20And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood over against them as they came out from Pharao: 21And they said to them: The Lord see and judge, because you have made our savour to stink before Pharao and his servants, and you have given him a sword to kill us. 22And Moses returned to the Lord, and said: Lord, why hast thou afflicted this people? wherefore hast thou sent me? 23For since the time that I went in to Pharao to speak in thy name, he hath afflicted thy people: and thou hast not delivered them.

Chapter 6

1And the Lord said to Moses: Now thou shalt see what I will do to Pharao: for by a mighty hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he cast them out of his land. 2And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: I am the Lord, 3That appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, by the name of God Almighty; and my name ADONAI I did not shew them. 4And I made a covenant with them, to give them the land of Chanaan, the land of their pilgrimage wherein they were strangers. 5I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel, wherewith the Egyptians have oppressed them: and I have remembered my covenant. 6Therefore say to the children of Israel: I am the Lord who will bring you out from the work prison of the Egyptians, and will deliver you from bondage: and redeem you with a high arm, and great judgments. 7And I will take you to myself for my people, I will be your God: and you shall know that I am the Lord your God who brought you out from the work prison of the Egyptians. 8And brought you into the land, concerning which I lifted up my hand to give it to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and I will give it you to possess, I am the Lord. 9And Moses told all this to the children of Israel: but they did not hearken to him, for anguish of spirit, and most painful work. 10And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying 11Go in, and speak to Pharao king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land. 12Moses answered before the Lord Behold the children of Israel do no hearken to me; and how will Pharao hear me, especially as I am of uncircumcised lips? 13And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, and he gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharao the king of Egypt, that they should bring forth the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt. 14These are the heads of their house by their families. The sons of Rubel the firstborn of Israel: Henoch and Phallu, Hesron and Charmi. 15These are the kindreds of Ruben. The sons of Simeon: Jamuel, and Jamin and Ahod, and Jachin, and Soar, and Saul the son of a chanaanitess: these are the families of Simeon. 16And these are the names of the sons of Levi by their kindreds: Gerson, and Caath, and Merari. And the years of the life of Levi were a hundred and thirty seven. 17The sons of Gerson: Lobni and Semei, by their kindreds. 18The sons of Caath: Amram, and Isaar, and EIebron, and Oziel. And the years of Caath's life were a hundred and thirty-three. 19The sons of Merari: Moholi and Musi. These are the kindreds of Levi by their families. 20And Amram took to wife Jochabed his aunt by the father's side: and she bore him Aaron and Moses. And the years of Amram's life were a hundred and thirty-seven. 21The sons also of Isaar: Core, and Nepheg, and Zechri. 22The sons also of Oziel: Mizael, and Elizaphan, and Sethri. 23And Aaron took to wife Elizabeth the daughter of Aminadab, sister of Nahason, who bore him Nadab, and Abiu, and Eleazar, and Ithamar. 24The sons also of Core: Aser, and Elcana, and Abiasaph. These are the kindreds of the Corites. 25But Eleazar the son of Aaron took a wife of the daughters of Phutiel: and she bore him Phinees. These are the heads of the Levitical families by their kindreds. 26These are Aaron and Moses, whom the Lord commanded to bring forth the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their companies. 27These are they that speak to Pharao king of Egypt, in order to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron 28In the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt. 29And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: I am the Lord: speak thou to Pharao king of Egypt all that I say to thee. 30And Moses said before the Lord: Lo I am of uncircumcised lips, how will Pharao hear me?

Chapter 7

1And the Lord said to Moses: Behold I have appointed thee the God of Pharao: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. 2Thou shalt speak to him all that I command thee; and he shall speak to Pharao, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land. 3But I shall harden his heart, and shall multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, 4And he will not hear you: and I will lay my hand upon Egypt, and will bring forth my army and my people the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt, by very great judgments. 5And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, who have stretched forth my hand upon Egypt, and have brought forth the children of Israel out of the midst of them. 6And Moses and Aaron did as the Lord had commanded: so did they. 7And Moses was eighty years old, and Aaron eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharao. 8And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: 9When Pharao shall say to you, Shew signs: thou shalt say to Aaron: Take thy rod, and cast it down before Pharao, and it shall be turned into a serpent. 10So Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharao, and did as the Lord had commanded. And Aaron took the rod before Pharao, and his servants, and it was turned into a serpent. 11And Pharao called the wise men and the magicians: and they also by Egyptian enchantments and certain secrets did in like manner. 12And they every one cast down their rods, and they were turned into serpents: but Aaron's rod devoured their rods. 13And Pharao's heart was hardened, and he did not hearken to them, as the Lord had commanded. 14And the Lord said to Moses: Pharao's heart is hardened, he will not let the people go. 15Go to him in the morning, behold he will go out to the waters: and thou shalt stand to meet him on the bank of the river: and thou shalt take in thy hand the rod that was turned into a serpent. 16And thou shalt say to him: The Lord God of the Hebrews sent me to thee saying: Let my people go to sacrifice to me in the desert: and hitherto thou wouldst not hear. 17Thus therefore saith the Lord: In this thou shalt know that I am the Lord: behold I will strike with the rods that is in my hand, the water of the river, and it shall be turned into blood. 18And the fishes that are in the river shall die, and the waters shall be corrupted, and the Egyptians shall be afflicted when they drink the water of the river. 19The Lord also said to Moses: Say to Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch forth thy hand upon the waters of Egypt, and upon their rivers, and streams and pools, and all the ponds of waters, that they may be turned into blood: and let blood be in all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood and of stone. 20And Moses and Aaron did as the Lord had commanded: and lifting up the rod he struck the water of the river before Pharao and his servants: and it was turned into blood. 21And the fishes that were in the river died: and the river corrupted, and the Egyptians could not drink the water of the river, and there was blood in all the land of Egypt. 22And the magicians of the Egyptians with their enchantments did in like manner: and Pharao's heart was hardened, neither did he hear them, as the Lord had commanded. 23And he turned himself away and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to it this time also. 24And all the Egyptians dug round about the river for water to drink: for they could not drink of the water of the river. 25And seven days were fully ended, after that the Lord struck the river.

Chapter 8

1And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao, and thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord: Let my people go to sacrifice to me. 2But if thou wilt not let them go behold I will strike all thy coasts with frogs. 3And the river shall bring forth an abundance of frogs: which shall come up, and enter into thy house, and thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and in the houses of thy servants, and to thy people, and into thy ovens, and into the remains of thy meats; 4And the frogs shall come in to thee and to thy people, and to all thy servants. 5And the Lord said to Moses: Say to Aaron, Stretch forth thy hand upon the streams and upon the rivers and the pools, and bring forth frogs upon the land of Egypt. 6And Aaron stretched forth his hand upon the waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt. 7And the magicians also by their enchantments did in like manner, and the brought forth frogs upon all the land of Egypt 8But Pharao called Moses and Aaron and said to them: Pray ye to the Lord to take away the frogs from me and from my people; and I will let the people go to sacrifice to the Lord. 9And Moses said to Pharao: Set me a time when I shall pray for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, that the frogs may be driven away from thee and from thy house, and from thy servants, and from thy people: and may remain only in the river. 10And he answered: Tomorrow. But he said: I will do according to thy word; that thou mayst know that there is none like to the Lord our God. 11And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy house, and from thy servants, and from thy people; and shall remain only in the river. 12And Moses and Aaron went forth from Pharao: and Moses cried to the Lord for the promise, which he had made to Pharao concerning the frogs. 13And the Lord did according to the word of Moses: and the frogs died out of the houses, and out of the villages, and out of the fields: 14And they gathered them together into immense heaps, and the land was corrupted. 15And Pharao seeing that rest was given, hardened his own heart, and did not hear them, as the Lord had commanded. 16And the Lord said to Moses: Say to Aaron, Stretch forth thy rod, and strike the dust of the earth: and may there be sciniphs in all the land of Egypt. 17And they did so. And Aaron stretched forth his hand, holding the rod: and he struck the dust of the earth, and there came sciniphs on men and on beasts: all the dust of the earth was turned into sciniphs through all the land of Egypt. 18And the magicians with their enchantments practiced in like manner, to bring forth sciniphs, and they could not and there were sciniphs as well on men as on beasts. 19And the magicians said to Pharao This is the finger of God. And Pharao heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had commanded. 20The Lord also said to Moses: Arise early, and stand before Pharao: for he will go forth to the waters: and thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord: Let my people go to sacrifice to me. 21But if thou wilt not let them go, behold I will send in upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy houses all kind of flies: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be filled with flies of divers kinds, and the whole land wherein they shall be. 22And I will make the land of Gessen wherein my people is, wonderful in that lay, so that flies shall not be there: and thou shalt know that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth. 23And I will put a division between my people and thy people: tomorrow shall this sign be. 24And the Lord did so. And there came a very grievous swarm of flies into he houses of Pharao and of his servants, and into all the land of Egypt: and the land was corrupted by this kind of flies. 25And Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and said to them: Go, and sacrifice to your God in this land. 26And Moses said: It cannot be so: for we shall sacrifice the abominations of the Egyptians to the Lord our God: now if we kill those things which the Egyptians worship, in their presence, they will stone us. 27We will go three days' journey into the wilderness: and we will sacrifice to the Lord our God, as he hath commanded us. 28And Pharao said: I will let you go to sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness: but go no farther: pray for me. 29And Moses said: I will go out from thee, and will pray to the Lord: and the flies shall depart from Pharao, and from his servants, and from his people tomorrow: but do not deceive any more, in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Lord. 30So Moses went out from Pharao, and prayed to the Lord. 31And he did according to his word: and he took away the flies from Pharao, and from his servants, and from his people: there was not left so much as one. 32And Pharao's heart was hardened, so that neither this time would he let the people go.

Chapter 9

1And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao, and speak to him: Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews: Let my people go to sacrifice to me. 2But if thou refuse, and withhold them still: 3Behold my hand shall be upon thy fields: and a very grievous murrain upon thy horses, and asses, and camels, and oxen, and sheep. 4And the Lord will make a wonderful difference between the possessions of Israel and the possessions of the Egyptians, that nothing at all shall die of those things that belong to the children of Israel. 5And the Lord appointed a time, saying: Tomorrow will the Lord do this thing in the land. 6The Lord therefore did this thing the next day: and all the beasts of the Egyptians died, but of the beasts of the children of Israel there died not one. 7And Pharao sent to see: and there was not any thing dead of that which Israel possessed. And Pharao's heart was hardened, and he did not let the people go. 8And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: Take to you handfuls of ashes out of the chimney, and let Moses sprinkle it in the air in the presence of Pharao. 9And be there dust upon all the land of Egypt: for there shall be boils and swelling blains both in men and beasts in the whole land of Egypt. 10And they took ashes out of the chimney, and stood before Pharao, and Moses sprinkled it in the air: and there came boils with swelling blains in men and beasts. 11Neither could the magicians stand before Moses for the boils that were upon them, and in all the land of Egypt. 12And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses. 13And the Lord said to Moses: Arise in the morning, and stand before Pharao, and thou shalt say to him: Thus saith the Lord the God of the Hebrews: Let my people go to sacrifice to me. 14For I will at this time send all my plagues upon thy heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people: that thou mayst know there is none like me in all the earth. 15For now I will stretch out my hand to strike thee, and thy people with pestilence, and thou shalt perish from the earth. 16And therefore have I raised thee, that I may shew my power in thee, and my name may be spoken of throughout all the earth. 17Dost thou yet hold back my people: and wilt thou not let them go? 18Behold I will cause it to rain to morrow at this same hour, an exceeding great hail: such as hath not been in Egypt from the day that it was founded, until this present time. 19Send therefore now presently, and gather together thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field: for men and beasts, and all things that shall be found abroad, and not gathered together out of the fields, which the hail shall fall upon, shall die. 20He that feared the word of the Lord among Pharao's servants, made his servants and his cattle flee into houses: 21And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch forth thy hand towards heaven, that there may be hail in the whole land of Egypt, upon men, and upon beasts, and upon every herb of the field in the land of Egypt. 22And Moses stretched forth his rod towards heaven, and the Lord sent thunder and hail, and lightning running along the ground: and the Lord rained hail upon the land of Egypt. 24And the hail and fire mixed with it drove on together: and it was of so great bigness, as never before was seen in the whole land of Egypt since that nation was founded. 25And the hail destroyed through all the land of Egypt all things that were in the fields, both man and beast: and the hail smote every herb of the field, and it broke every tree of the country. 26Only in the land of Gessen, where the children of Israel were, the hail fell not. 27And Pharao sent and called Moses and Aaron, saying to them: I have sinned this time also; the Lord is just: I and my people are wicked. 28Pray ye to the Lord, that the thunderings of God and the hail may cease: that I may let you go, and that you may stay here no longer. 29Moses said: As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will stretch forth my hands to the Lord, and the thunders shall cease, and the hail shall be no more: that thou mayst know that the earth is the Lord's. 30But I know that neither thou, nor thy servants do yet fear the Lord God. 31The flax therefore and the barley were hurt, because the barley was green, and the flax was now boiled: 32But the wheat, and other winter corn were not hurt, because they were lateward. 33And when Moses was gone from Pharao out of the city, he stretched forth his hands to the Lord: and the thunders and the hail ceased, neither did there drop any more rain upon the earth. 34And Pharao seeing that the rain and the hail, and the thunders were ceased, increased his sin. 35And his heart was hardened, and the heart of his servants, and it was made exceeding hard: neither did he let the children of Israel go, as the Lord had commanded by the hand of Moses.

Chapter 10

1And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao; for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants: that I may work these my signs in him. 2And thou mayest tell in the ears of thy sons, and of they grandsons, how often I have plagued the Egyptians, and wrought my signs amongst them: and you may know that I am the Lord: 3Therefore Moses and Aaron went in to Pharao, and said to him: Thus saith the Lord God of the Hebrews: How long refusest thou to submit to me? let my people go, to sacrifice to me. 4But if thou resist, and wilt not let them go, behold I will bring in to morrow the locust into thy coasts: 5To cover the face of the earth that nothing thereof may appear, but that which the hail hath left may be eaten: for they shall feed upon all the trees that spring in the fields. 6And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of thy servants, and of all the Egyptians: such a number as thy fathers have not seen, nor thy grandfathers, from the time they were first upon the earth, until this present day. And he turned himself away, and went forth from Pharao. 7And Pharao's servants said to him: How long shall we endure this scandal? let the men go to sacrifice to the Lord their God. Dost thou not see that Egypt is undone? 8And they called back Moses and Aaron to Pharao: and he said to them: Go, sacrifice to the Lord your God: who are they that shall go? 9Moses said: We will go with our young and old, with our sons and daughters, with our sheep and herds: for it is the solemnity of the Lord our God. 10And Pharao answered: So be the Lord with you, as I shall let you and your children go: who can doubt but that you intend some great evil? 11It shall not be so: but go ye men only, and sacrifice to the Lord: for this yourselves also desired. And immediately they were cast out from Pharao's presence. 12And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch forth thy hand upon the land of Egypt unto the locust, that it may come upon it, and devour every herb that is left after the hail. 13And Moses stretched forth his rod upon the land of Egypt: and the Lord brought a burning wind all that day, and night: and when it was morning, the burning wind raised the locusts: 14And they came up over the whole land of Egypt: and rested in all the coasts of the Egyptians innumerable, the like as had not been before that time, nor shall be hereafter. 15And they covered the whole face of the earth, wasting all things. And the grass of the earth was devoured, and what fruits soever were on the trees, which the hail had left: and there remained not any thing that was green on the trees, or in the herbs of the earth in all Egypt. 16Wherefore Pharao in haste called Moses and Aaron, and said to them: I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you. 17But now forgive me my sin this time also, and pray to the Lord your God, that he take away from me this death. 18And Moses going forth from the presence of Pharao, prayed to the Lord. 19And he made a very strong wind to blow from the west, and it took the locusts and cast them into the Red Sea: there remained not so much as one in all the coasts of Egypt. 20And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go. 21And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch out they hand towards heaven: and may there be darkness upon the land of Egypt, so thick that it may be felt. 22And Moses stretch forth his hand towards heaven: and there came horrible darkness in all the land of Egypt for three days. 23No man saw his brother, nor moved himself out of the place where he was: but wheresoever the children of Israel dwelt there was light. 24And Pharao called Moses and Aaron, and said to them: Go sacrifice to the Lord: let your sheep only, and herds remain; let your children go with you. 25Moses said: Thou shalt give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings, to the Lord our God. 26All the flocks shall go with us: there shall not a hoof remain of them: for they are necessary for the service of the Lord our God: especially as we know not what must be offered, till we come to the very place. 27And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he would not let them go. 28And Pharao said to Moses: Get thee from me, and beware thou see not my face any more: in what day soever thou shalt come in my sight, thou shalt die. 29Moses answered: So shall it be as thou hast spoken, I will not see thy face any more.

Chapter 11

1And the Lord said to Moses: Yet one plague more will I bring upon Pharao and Egypt, and after that he shall let you go and thrust you out. 2Therefore thou shalt tell all the people that every man ask of his friend, and every woman of her neighbour, vessels of silver, and of gold. 3And the Lord will give favour to his people in the sight of the Egyptians. And Moses was a very great man in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharao's servants, and of all the people. 4And he said: Thus said the Lord: At midnight I will enter into Egypt. 5And every firstborn in the land of the Egyptians shall die, from the firstborn of Pharao who sitteth on his throne, even to the first born of the handmaid that is at the mill, and all the firstborn of beasts. 6And there shall be a great cry in all the land of Egypt, such as neither hath been before, nor shall be hereafter. 7But with all the children of Israel there shall not a dog make the least noise, from man even to beast: that you may know how wonderful a difference the Lord maketh between the Egyptians and Israel. 8And all these thy servants shall come down to me, and shall worship me, saying: Go forth thou, and all the people that is under thee: after that we will go out. 9And he went out from Pharao exceeding angry. But the Lord said to Moses: Pharao will not hear you, that many signs may be done in the land of Egypt. 10And Moses and Aaron did all the wonders that are written, before Pharao. And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Chapter 12

1And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: 2This month shall be to you the beginning of months: it shall be the first in the months of the year. 3Speak ye to the whole assembly of the children of Israel, and say to them: On the tenth day of this month let every man take a lamb by their families and houses. 4But if the number be less than may suffice to eat the lamb, he shall take unto him his neighbour that joineth to his house, according to the number of souls which may be enough to eat the lamb. 5And it shall be a lamb without blemish, a male, of one year: according to which rite also you shall take a kid. 6And you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month: and the whole multitude of the children of Israel shall sacrifice it in the evening. 7And they shall take of the blood thereof, and put it upon both the side posts, and on the upper door posts of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 8And they shall eat the flesh that night roasted at the fire, and unleavened bread with wild lettuce. 9You shall not eat thereof any thing raw, nor boiled in water, but only roasted at the fire: you shall eat the head with the feet and entrails thereof. 10Neither shall there remain any thing of it until morning. If there be any thing left, you shall burn it with fire. 11And thus you shall eat it: you shall gird your reins, and you shall have shoes on your feet, holding staves in your hands, and you shall eat in haste: for it is the Phase (that is the Passage) of the Lord. 12And I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and will kill every firstborn in the land of Egypt both man and beast: and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the Lord. 13And the blood shall be unto you for a sign in the houses where you shall be: and I shall see the blood, and shall pass over you: and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I shall strike the land of Egypt. 14And this day shall be for a memorial to you: and you shall keep it a feast to the Lord in your generations with an everlasting observance. 15Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread: in the first day there shall be no leaven in your houses: whosoever shall eat any thing leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall perish out of Israel. 16The first day shall be holy and solemn, and the seventh day shall be kept with the like solemnity: you shall do no work in them, except those things that belong to eating. 17And you shall observe the feast of the unleavened bread: for in this same day I will bring forth your army out of the land of Egypt, and you shall keep this day in your generations by a perpetual observance. 18The first month, the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the same month in the evening. 19Seven days there shall not be found any leaven in your houses: he that shall eat leavened bread, his soul shall perish out of the assembly of Israel, whether he be a stranger or born in the land. 20You shall not eat any thing leavened: in all your habitations you shall eat unleavened bread. 21And Moses called all the ancients of the children of Israel, and said to them: Go take a lamb by your families, and sacrifice the Phase. 22And dip a bunch of hyssop in the blood that is at the door, and sprinkle the transom of the door therewith, and both the door cheeks: let none of you go out of the door of his house till morning. 23For the Lord will pass through striking the Egyptians: and when he shall see the blood on the transom, and on both the posts, he will pass over the door of the house, and not suffer the destroyer to come into your houses and to hurt you. 24Thou shalt keep this thing as a law for thee and thy children for ever. 25And when you have entered into the land which the Lord will give you as he hath promised, you shall observe these ceremonies. 26And when your children shall say to you: What is the meaning of this service? 27You shall say to them: It is the victim of the passage of the Lord, when he passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, striking the Egyptians, and saving our houses. And the people bowing themselves, adored. 28And the children of Israel going forth did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 29And it came to pass at midnight, the Lord slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharao, who sat on his throne, unto the firstborn of the captive woman that was in the prison, and all the firstborn of cattle. 30And Pharao arose in the night, and all his servants, and all Egypt: for there was not a house wherein there lay not one dead. 31And Pharao calling Moses and Aaron, in the night, said: Arise and go forth from among my people, you and the children of Israel: go, sacrifice to the Lord as you say. 32Your sheep and herds take along with you, as you demanded, and departing, bless me. 33And the Egyptians pressed the people to go forth out of the land speedily, saying: We shall all die. 34The people therefore took dough before it was leavened: and tying it in their cloaks, put it on their shoulders. 35And the children of Israel did as Moses had commanded: and they asked of the Egyptians vessels of silver and gold, and very much raiment. 36And the Lord gave favour to the people in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them: and they stripped the Egyptians. 37And the children of Israel set forward from Ramesse to Socoth, being about six hundred thousand men on foot, beside children. 38And a mixed multitude without number went up also with them, sheep and herds and beasts of divers kinds, exceeding many. 39And they baked the meal, which a little before they had brought out of Egypt, in dough: and they made earth cakes unleavened: for it could not be leavened, the Egyptians pressing them to depart, and not suffering them to make any stay: neither did they think of preparing any meat. 40And the abode of the children of Israel that they made in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 41Which being expired, the same day all the army of the Lord went forth out of the land of Egypt. 42This is the observable night of the Lord, when he brought them forth out of the land of Egypt: this night all the children of Israel must observe in their generations. 43And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the service of the Phase: No foreigner shall eat of it. 44But every bought servant shall be circumcised, and so shall eat. 45The stranger and the hireling shall not eat thereof. 46In one house shall it be eaten, neither shall you carry forth of the flesh thereof out of the house, neither shall you break a bone thereof. 47All the assembly of the children of Israel shall keep it. 48And if any stranger be willing to dwell among you, and to keep the Phase of the Lord, all his males shall first be circumcised, and then shall he celebrate it according to the manner: and he shall be as he that is born in the land: but if any man be uncircumcised, he shall not eat thereof. 49The same law shall be to him that is born in the land, and to the proselyte that sojourneth with you. 50And all the children of Israel did as the Lord had commanded Moses and Aaron. 51And the same day the Lord brought forth the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their companies.

Chapter 13

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Sanctify unto me every firstborn that openeth the womb among the children of Israel, as well of men as of beasts: for they are all mine. 3And Moses said to the people: Remember this day in which you came forth out of Egypt, and out of the house of bondage, for with a strong hand hath the Lord brought you forth out of this place: that you eat no leavened bread. 4This day you go forth in the month of new corn. 5And when the Lord shall have brought thee into the land of the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, and the Amorrhite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, which he swore to thy fathers that he would give thee, a land that floweth with milk and honey, thou shalt celebrate this manner of sacred rites in this month. 6Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be the solemnity of the Lord. 7Unleavened bread shall you eat seven days: there shall not be seen any thing leavened with thee, nor in all thy coasts. 8And thou shalt tell thy son in that day, saying: This is what the Lord did to me when I came forth out of Egypt. 9And it shall be as a sign in thy hand, and as a memorial before thy eyes: and that the law of the Lord be always in thy mouth, for with a strong hand the Lord hath brought thee out of the land of Egypt. 10Thou shalt keep this observance at the set time from days to days. 11And when the Lord shall have brought thee into the land of the Chanaanite, as he swore to thee and thy fathers, and shall give it thee: 12Thou shalt set apart all that openeth the womb for the Lord, and all that is first brought forth of thy cattle: whatsoever thou shalt have of the male sex, thou shalt consecrate to the Lord. 13The firstborn of an ass thou shalt change for a sheep: and if thou do not redeem it, thou shalt kill it. And every firstborn of men thou shalt redeem with a price. 14And when thy son shall ask thee to morrow, saying: What is this? thou shalt answer him: With a strong hand did the Lord bring us forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 15For when Pharao was hardened, and would not let us go, the Lord slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of man to the firstborn of beasts: therefore I sacrifice to the Lord all that openeth the womb of the male sex, and all the firstborn of my sons I redeem. 16And it shall be as a sign in thy hand, and as a thing hung between thy eyes, for a remembrance: because the Lord hath brought us forth out of Egypt by a strong hand. 17And when Pharao had sent out the people, the Lord led them not by the way of the land of the Philistines which is near: thinking lest perhaps they would repent, if they should see wars arise against them, and would return into Egypt. 18But he led them about by the way of the desert, which is by the Red Sea: and the children of Israel went up armed out of the land of Egypt. 19And Moses took Joseph's bones with him: because he had adjured the children of Israel, saying: God shall visit you, carry out my bones from hence with you. 20And marching from Socoth they encamped in Etham in the utmost coasts of the wilderness. 21And the Lord went before them to shew the way by day in a pillar of a cloud, and by night in a pillar of fire: that he might be the guide of their journey at both times. 22There never failed the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, before the people.

Chapter 14

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel: Let them turn and encamp over against Phihahiroth which is between Magdal and the sea over against Beelsephon: you shall encamp before it upon the sea. 3And Pharao will say of the children of Israel: They are straitened in the land, the desert hath shut them in. 4And I shall harden his heart, and he will pursue you: and I shall be glorified in Pharao, and in all his army: and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so. 5And it was told the king of the Egyptians that the people was fled: and the heart of Pharao and of his servants was changed with regard to the people, and they said: What meant we to do, that we let Israel go from serving us? 6So he made ready his chariot, and took all his people with him. 7And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots that were in Egypt: and the captains of the whole army. 8And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharao king of Egypt, and he pursued the children of Israel: but they were gone forth in a mighty hand. 9And when the Egyptians followed the steps of them who were gone before, they found them encamped at the sea side: all Pharao's horse and chariots, and the whole army were in Phihahiroth before Beelsephon. 10And when Pharao drew near, the children of Israel, lifting up their eyes, saw the Egyptians behind them: and they feared exceedingly, and cried to the Lord. 11And they said to Moses: Perhaps there were no graves in Egypt, therefore thou hast brought us to die in the wilderness: why wouldst thou do this, to lead us out of Egypt? 12Is not this the word that we spoke to thee in Egypt, saying: Depart from us that we may serve the Egyptians? for it was much better to serve them, than to die in the wilderness. 13And Moses said to the people: Fear not: stand and see the great wonders of the Lord, which he will do this day: for the Egyptians, whom you see now, you shall see no more for ever. 14The Lord will fight for you, and you shall hold your peace. 15And the Lord said to Moses: Why criest thou to me? Speak to the children of Israel to go forward. 16But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch forth thy hand over the sea, and divide it: that the children of Israel may go through the midst of the sea on dry ground. 17And I will harden the heart of the Egyptians to pursue you: and I will be glorified in Pharao, and in all his host, and in his chariots, and in his horsemen. 18And the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord, when I shall be glorified in Pharao, and in his chariots and in his horsemen. 19And the angel of God, who went before the camp of Israel, removing, went behind them: and together with him the pillar of the cloud, leaving the forepart, 20Stood behind, between the Egyptians' camp and the camp of Israel: and it was a dark cloud, and enlightening the night, so that they could not come at one another all the night. 21And when Moses had stretched forth his hand over the sea, the Lord took it away by a strong and burning wind blowing all the night, and turned it into dry ground: and the water was divided. 22And the children of Israel went in through the midst of the sea dried up: for the water was as a wall on their right hand and on their left. 23And the Egyptians pursuing went in after them, and all Pharao's horses, his chariots and horsemen through the midst of the sea, 24And now the morning watch was come, and behold the Lord looking upon the Egyptian army through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, slew their host. 25And overthrew the wheels of the chariots, and they were carried into the deep. And the Egyptians said: Let us flee from Israel: for the Lord fighteth for them against us. 26And the Lord said to Moses: Stretch forth they hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots and horsemen. 27And when Moses had stretched forth his hand towards the sea, it returned at the first break of day to the former place: and as the Egyptians were fleeing away, the waters came upon them, and the Lord shut them up in the middle of the waves. 28And the waters returned, and covered the chariots and the horsemen of all the army of Pharao, who had come into the sea after them, neither did there so much as one of them remain. 29But the children of Israel marched through the midst of the sea upon dry land, and the waters were to them as a wall on the right hand and on the left: 30And the Lord delivered Israel on that day out of the hands of the Egyptians. 31And they saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore, and the mighty hand that the Lord had used against them: and the people feared the Lord, and they believed the Lord, and Moses his servant.

Chapter 15

1Then Moses and the children of Israel sung this canticle to the Lord: and said: Let us sing to the Lord: for he is gloriously magnified, the horse and the rider he hath thrown into the sea. 2The Lord is my strength and my praise, and he is become salvation to me: he is my God and I will glorify him: the God of my father, and I will exalt him. 3The Lord is as a man of war, Almighty is his name. 4Pharao's chariots and his army he hath cast into the sea: his chosen captains are drowned in the Red Sea. 5The depths have covered them, they are sunk to the bottom like a stone. 6Thy right hand, O Lord, is magnified in strength: thy right hand, O Lord, hath slain the enemy. 7And in the multitude of they glory thou hast put down thy adversaries: thou hast sent thy wrath, which hath devoured them like stubble. 8And with the blast of thy anger the waters were gathered together: the flowing water stood, the depth were gathered together in the midst of the sea. 9The enemy said: I will pursue and overtake, I will divide the spoils, my soul shall have its fill: I will draw my sword, my hand shall slay them. 10Thy wind blew and the sea covered them: they sunk as lead in the mighty waters. 11Who is like to thee, among the strong, O Lord? who is like to thee, glorious in holiness, terrible and praiseworthy, doing wonders? 12Thou stretchedst forth thy hand, and the earth swallowed them. 13In thy mercy thou hast been a leader to the people which thou hast redeemed: and in thy strength thou hast carried them to thy holy habitation. 14Nations rose up, and were angry: sorrows took hold on the inhabitants of Philisthiim. 15Then were the princes of Edom troubled, trembling seized on the stout men of Moab: all the inhabitants of Chanaan became stiff. 16Let fear and dread fall upon them, in the greatness of thy arm: let them become unmoveable as a stone, until thy people, O Lord, pass by: until this thy people pass by, which thou hast possessed. 17Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thy inheritance, in thy most firm habitation which thou hast made, O Lord; thy sanctuary, O Lord, which thy hands have established. 18The Lord shall reign for ever and ever. 19For Pharao went in on horseback with his chariots and horsemen into the sea: and the Lord brought back upon them the waters of the sea: but the children of Israel walked on dry ground in the midst thereof. 20So Mary the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand: and all the women went forth after her with timbrels and with dances: 21And she began the song to them, saying: Let us sing to the Lord, for he is gloriously magnified, the horse and his rider he hath thrown into the sea. 22And Moses brought Israel from the Red Sea, and they went forth into the wilderness of Sur: and they marched three days through the wilderness, and found no water. 23And they came into Mara, and they could not drink the waters of Mara, because they were bitter: whereupon he gave a name also agreeable to the place, calling it Mara, that is, bitterness. 24And the people murmured against Moses, saying: What shall we drink? 25But he cried to the Lord, and he shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, they were turned into sweetness. There he appointed him ordinances, and judgments, and there he proved him, 26Saying: If thou wilt hear the voice of the Lord thy God, and do what is right before him, and obey his commandments, and keep all his precepts, none of the evils that I laid upon Egypt, will I bring upon thee: for I am the Lord thy healer. 27And the children of Israel came into Elim, where there were twelve fountains of water, and seventy palm trees: and they encamped by the waters.

Chapter 16

1And they set forward from Elim, and all the multitude of the children of Israel came into the desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai: the fifteenth day of the second month, after they came out of the land of Egypt. 2And all the congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness. 3And the children of Israel said to them: Would to God we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat over the flesh pots, and ate bread to the full. Why have you brought us into this desert, that you might destroy all the multitude with famine? 4And the Lord said to Moses: Behold I will rain bread from heaven for you: let the people go forth, and gather what is sufficient for every day: that I may prove them whether they will walk in my law, or not. 5But the sixth day let them provide for to bring in: and let it be double to that they were wont to gather every day. 6And Moses and Aaron said to the children of Israel: In the evening you shall know that the Lord hath brought you forth out of the land of Egypt: 7And in the morning you shall see the glory of the Lord: for he hath heard your murmuring against the Lord: but as for us, what are we, that you mutter against us? 8And Moses said: In the evening the Lord will give you flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full: for he hath heard your murmurings, with which you have murmured against him, for what are we? your murmuring is not against us, but against the Lord. 9Moses also said to Aaron: Say to the whole congregation of the children of Israel: Come before the Lord: for he hath heard your murmuring. 10And when Aaron spoke to all the assembly of the children of Israel, they looked towards the wilderness: and behold the glory of the Lord appeared in a cloud. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 12I have heard the murmuring of the children of Israel: say to them: In the evening you shall eat flesh, and in the morning you shall have your fill of bread: and you shall know that I am the Lord your God. 13So it came to pass in the evening, that quails coming up, covered the camp: and in the morning, a dew lay round about the camp. 14And when it had covered the face of the earth, it appeared in the wilderness small, and as it were beaten with a pestle, like unto the hoar frost on the ground. 15And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another: Manhu! which signifieth: What is this! for they knew not what it was. And Moses said to them: This is the bread, which the Lord hath given you to eat. 16This is the word, that the Lord hath commanded: Let every one gather of it as much as is enough to eat: a gomor for every man, according to the number of your souls that dwell in a tent, so shall you take of it. 17And the children of Israel did so: and they gathered, one more, another less. 18And they measured by the measure of a gomor: neither had he more that had gathered more: nor did he find less that had provided less: but every one had gathered, according to what they were able to eat. 19And Moses said to them: Let no man leave thereof till the morning. 20And they hearkened not to him, but some of them left until the morning, and it began to be full of worms, an it putrefied, and Moses was angry with them. 21Now every one of them gathered in the morning, as much as might suffice to eat: and after the sun grew hot, it melted. 22But on the sixth day they gathered twice as much, that is, two gomors every man: and all the rulers of the multitude came, and told Moses. 23And he said to them: This is what the Lord hath spoken: To morrow is the rest of the sabbath sanctified to the Lord. Whatsoever work is to be done, do it: and the meats that are to be dressed, dress them: and whatsoever shall remain, lay it up until the morning. 24And they did so as Moses had commanded, and it did not putrefy, neither was there worm found in it. 25And Moses said: Eat it to day, because it is the sabbath of the Lord: to day it shall not be found in the field. 26Gather it six days: but on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord, therefore it shall not be found. 27And the seventh day came: and some of the people going forth to gather, found none. 28And the Lord said to Moses: How long will you refuse to keep my commandments, and my law? 29See that the Lord hath given you the sabbath, and for this reason on the sixth day he giveth you a double provision: let each man stay at home, and let none go forth out of his place the seventh day. 30And the people kept the sabbath on the seventh day. 31And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed white, and the taste thereof like to flour with honey. 32And Moses said: This is the word, which the Lord hath commanded: Fill a gomor of it, and let it be kept unto generations to come hereafter, that they may know the bread, wherewith I fed you in the wilderness, when you were brought forth out of the land of Egypt. 33And Moses said to Aaron: Take a vessel, and put manna into it, as much as a gomor can hold: and lay it up before the Lord to keep unto your generations, 34As the Lord commanded Moses. And Aaron put it in the tabernacle to be kept. 35And the children of Israel ate manna forty years, till they came to a habitable land: with this meat were they fed, until they reached the borders of the land of Chanaan. 36Now a gomor is the tenth part of an ephi.

Chapter 17

1Then all the multitude of the children of Israel setting forward from the desert of Sin, by their mansions, according to the word of the Lord, encamped in Raphidim, where there was no water for the people to drink. 2And they chode with Moses, and said: Give us water, that we may drink. And Moses answered them: Why chide you with me? Wherefore do you tempt the Lord? 3So the people were thirsty there for want of water, and murmured against Moses, saying: Why didst thou make us go forth out of Egypt, to kill us and our children, and our beasts with thirst? 4And Moses cried to the Lord, saying: What shall I do to this people? Yet a little more and they will stone me. 5And the Lord said to Moses: God before the people, and take with thee of the ancients of Israel: and take in thy hand the rod wherewith thou didst strike the river, and go. 6Behold I will stand there before thee, upon the rock Horeb: and thou shalt strike the rock, and water shall come out of it that the people may drink. Moses did so before the ancients of Israel: 7And he called the name of that place Temptation, because the chiding of the children of Israel, and for that they tempted the Lord, saying: Is the Lord amongst us or not? 8And Amalec came, and fought against Israel in Raphidim. 9And Moses said to Josue: Choose out men: and go out and fight against Amalec: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill having the rod of God in my hand. 10Josue did as Moses had spoken, and he fought against Amalec; but Moses, and Aaron, and Hur went up upon the top of the hill. 11And when Moses lifted up his hands, Israel overcame: but if he let them down a little, Amalec overcame. 12And Moses' hands were heavy: so they took a stone, and put under him, and he sat on it: and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands on both sides. And it came to pass that his hands were not weary until sunset. 13And Josue put Amalec and his people to flight, by the edge of the sword. 14And the Lord said to Moses: Write this for a memorial in a book, and deliver it to the ears of Josue: for I will destroy the memory of Amalec from under heaven. 15And Moses built an altar: and called the name thereof, The Lord my exaltation, saying: 16Because the hand of the throne of the Lord, and the war of the Lord shall be against Amalec, from generation to generation.

Chapter 18

1And when Jethro the priest of Madian, the kinsman of Moses, had heard all the things that God had done to Moses, and to Israel his people, and that the Lord had brought forth Israel out of Egypt, 2He took Sephora the wife of Moses whom he had sent back: 3And her two sons, of whom one was called Gersam, his father saying: I have been a stranger in a foreign country. 4And the other Eliezer: For the God of my father, said he, is my helper, and hath delivered me from the sword of Pharao. 5And Jethro the kinsman of Moses came with his sons and his wife, to Moses into the desert, where he was camped by the mountain of God. 6And he sent word to Moses, saying: I Jethro thy kinsman come to thee, and thy wife, and thy two sons with her. 7And he went out to meet his kinsman, and worshipped and kissed him: and they saluted one another with words of peace. And when he was come into the tent, 8Moses told his kinsman all that the Lord had done to Pharao, and the Egyptians, in favour of Israel: and all the labour which had befallen them in the journey, and that the Lord had delivered them. 9And Jethro rejoiced for all the good things that the Lord had done to Israel, because he had delivered them out of the hands of the Egyptians. 10And he said: Blessed is the Lord, who hath delivered you out of the hand of Pharao, and out of the hand of the Egyptians, who hath delivered his people out of the hand of Egypt. 11Now I know that the Lord is great above all gods: because they dealt proudly against them. 12So Jethro the kinsman of Moses offered holocausts and sacrifices to God: and Aaron and all the ancients of Israel came, to eat bread with them before God. 13And the next day Moses sat, to judge the people, who stood by Moses from morning until night. 14And when his kinsman had seen all things that he did among the people, he said: What is it that thou dost among the people? Why sittest thou alone, and all the people wait from morning till night. 15And Moses answered him: The people come to me to seek the judgment of God. 16And when any controversy falleth out among them, they come to me to judge between them, and to shew the precepts of God, and his laws. 17But he said: The thing thou dost is not good. 18Thou are spent with foolish labour, both thou and this people that is with thee: the business is above thy strength, thou alone canst not bear it. 19But hear my words and counsels, and God shall be with thee. Be thou to the people in those things that pertain to God, to bring their words to him: 20And to shew the people the ceremonies and the manner of worshipping, and the way wherein they ought to walk, and the work that they ought to do. 21And provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, in whom there is truth, and that hate avarice, and appoint of them rulers of thousands, and of hundreds, and of fifties, and of tens. 22Who may judge the people at all times: and when any great matter soever shall fall out, let them refer it to thee, and let them judge the lesser matters only: that so it may be lighter for thee, the burden being shared out unto others. 23If thou dost this, thou shalt fulfil the commandment of God, and shalt be able to bear his precepts: and all this people shall return to their places with peace. 24And when Moses heard this, he did all things that he had suggested unto him. 25And choosing able men out of all Israel, he appointed them rulers of the people, rulers over thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens. 26And they judged the people at all times: and whatsoever was of greater difficulty they referred to him, and they judged the easier cases only. 27And he let his kinsman depart: and he returned and went into his own country.

Chapter 19

1In the third month of the departure of Israel out of the land of Egypt, on this day they came into the wilderness of Sinai: 2For departing out of Raphidim, and coming to the desert of Sinai, they camped in the same place, and there Israel pitched their tents over against the mountain. 3And Moses went up to God: and the Lord called unto him from the mountain, and said: Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel: 4You have seen what I have done to the Egyptians, how I have carried you upon the wings of eagles, and have taken you to myself. 5If therefore you will hear my voice, and keep my covenant, you shall be my peculiar possession above all people: for all the earth is mine. 6And you shall be to me a priestly kingdom, and a holy nation. Those are the words thou shalt speak to the children of Israel. 7Moses came, and calling together the elders of the people, he declared all the words which the Lord had commanded. 8And all the people answered together: All that the Lord hath spoken, we will do. And when Moses had related the people's words to the Lord, 9The Lord said to him: Lo, now will I come to thee in the darkness of a cloud, that the people may hear me speaking to thee, and may believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people to the Lord. 10And he said to him: Go to the people, and sanctify them to day, and to morrow, and let them wash their garments. 11And let them be ready against the third day: for on the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai. 12And thou shalt appoint certain limits to the people round about, and thou shalt say to them: Take heed you go not up into the mount, and that ye touch not the borders thereof: every one that toucheth the mount dying he shall die. 13No hands shall touch him, but he shall be stoned to death, or shall be shot through with arrows: whether it be beast, or man, he shall not live. When the trumpet shall begin to sound, then let them go up into the mount. 14And Moses came down from the mount to the people, and sanctified them. And when they had washed their garments, 15He said to them: Be ready against the third day, and come not near your wives. 16And now the third day was come, and the morning appeared: and behold thunders began to be heard, and lightning to flash, and a very thick cloud to cover the mount, and the noise of the trumpet sounded exceeding loud, and the people that was in the camp, feared. 17And when Moses had brought them forth to meet God from the place of the camp, they stood at the bottom of the mount. 18And all mount Sinai was on a smoke: because the Lord was come down upon it in fire, and the smoke arose from it as out of a furnace: and all the mount was terrible. 19And the sound of the trumpet grew by degrees louder and louder, and was drawn out to a greater length: Moses spoke, and God answered him. 20And the Lord came down upon mount Sinai, in the very top of the mount, and he called Moses unto the top thereof. And when he was gone up thither, 21He said unto him: Go down, and charge the people: lest they should have a mind to pass the limits to see the Lord, and a very great multitude of them should perish. 22The priests also that come to the Lord, let them be sanctified, lest he strike them. 23And Moses said to the Lord: The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou did charge, and command, saying: Set limits about the mount, and sanctify it. 24And the Lord said to him: Go, get thee down: and thou shalt come up, thou and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people pass the limits, nor come up to the Lord, lest he kill them. 25And Moses went down to the people and told them all.

Chapter 20

1And the Lord spoke all these words: 2I am the Lord thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. 3Thou shalt not have strange gods before me. 4Thou shalt not make to thyself a graven thing, nor the likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or in the earth beneath, nor of those things that are in the waters under the earth. 5Thou shalt not adore them, nor serve them: I am the Lord thy God, mighty, jealous, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me: 6And shewing mercy unto thousands to them that love me, and keep my commandments. 7Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain: for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that shall take the name of the Lord his God in vain. 8Remember that thou keep holy the sabbath day. 9Six days shalt thou labour, and shalt do all thy works. 10But on the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: thou shalt do no work on it, thou nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy beast, nor the stranger that is within thy gates. 11For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and the sea, and all things that are in them, and rested on the seventh day: therefore the Lord blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it. 12Honour thy father and thy mother, that thou mayest be longlived upon the land which the Lord thy God will give thee. 13Thou shalt not kill. 14Thou shalt not commit adultery. 15Thou shalt not steal. 16Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. 17Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house: neither shalt thou desire his wife, nor his servant, nor his handmaid, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is his. 18And all the people saw the voices and the flames, and the sound of the trumpet, and the mount smoking: and being terrified and struck with fear, they stood afar off, 19Saying to Moses: Speak thou to us, and we will hear: let not the Lord speak to us, lest we die. 20And Moses said to the people: Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that the dread of him might be in you, and you should not sin. 21And the people stood afar off. But Moses went to the dark cloud wherein God was. 22And the Lord said to Moses: Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: You have seen that I have spoken to you from heaven. 23You shall not make gods of silver, nor shall you make to yourselves gods of gold. 24You shall make an altar of earth unto me, and you shall offer upon it your holocausts and peace offerings, your sheep and oxen, in every place where the memory of my name shall be: I will come to thee, and will bless thee. 25And if thou make an altar of stone unto me, thou shalt not build it of hewn stones: for if thou lift up a tool upon it, it shall be defiled. 26Thou shalt not go up by steps unto my altar, lest thy nakedness be discovered.

Chapter 21

1These are the judgments which thou shalt set before them. 2If thou buy a Hebrew servant, six years shall he serve thee: in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 3With what raiment he came in, with the like let him go out: if having a wife, his wife also shall go out with him. 4But if his master gave him a wife, and she hath borne sons and daughters: the woman and her children shall be her master's: but he himself shall go out with his raiment. 5And if the servant shall say: I love my master and my wife and children, I will not go out free: 6His master shall bring him to the gods, and he shall be set to the door and the posts, and he shall bore his ear through with an awl: and he shall be his servant for ever. 7If any man sell his daughter to be a servant, she shall not go out as bondwomen are wont to go out. 8If she displease the eyes of her master to whom she was delivered, he shall let her go: but he shall have no power to sell her to a foreign nation, if he despise her. 9But if he have betrothed her to his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters. 10And if he take another wife for him, he shall provide her a marriage, and raiment, neither shall he refuse the price of her chastity. 11If he do not these three things, she shall go out free without money. 12He that striketh a man with a will to kill him, shall be put to death. 13But he that did not lie in wait for him, but God delivered him into his hands: I will appoint thee a place to which he must flee. 14If a man kill his neighbour on set purpose and by lying in wait for him: thou shalt take him away from my altar, that he may die. 15He that striketh his father or mother, shall be put to death. 16He that shall steal a man, and sell him, being convicted of guilt, shall be put to death. 17He that curseth his father, or mother, shall die the death. 18If men quarrel, and the one strike his neighbour with a stone or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed: 19If he rise again and walk abroad upon his staff, he that struck him shall be quit, yet so that he make restitution for his work, and for his expenses upon the physicians. 20He that striketh his bondman or bondwoman with a rod, and they die under his hands, shall be guilty of the crime. 21But if the party remain alive a day or two, he shall not be subject to the punishment, because it is his money. 22If men quarrel, and one strike a woman with child, and she miscarry indeed, but live herself: he shall be answerable for so much damage as the woman's husband shall require, and as arbiters shall award. 23But if her death ensue thereupon, he shall render life for life. 24Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe. 26If any man strike the eye of his manservant or maidservant, and leave them but one eye, he shall let them go free for the eye which he put out. 27Also if he strike out a tooth of his manservant or maidservant, he shall in like manner make them free. 28If an ox gore a man or a woman, and they die, he shall be stoned: and his flesh shall not be eaten, but the owner of the ox shall be quit. 29But if the ox was wont to push with his horn yesterday and the day before, and they warned his master, and he did not shut him up, and he shall kill a man or a woman: then the ox shall be stoned, an his owner also shall be put to death. 30And if they set a price upon him, he shall give for his life whatsoever is laid upon him. 31If he have gored a son, or a daughter, he shall fall under the like sentence. 32If he assault a bondman or a bond woman, he shall give thirty sicles of silver to their master, and the ox shall be stoned. 33If a man open a pit, and dig one, and cover it not, and an ox or an ass fall into it, 34The owner of the pit shall pay the price of the beasts: and that which is dead shall be his own. 35If one man's ox gore another man's ox, and he die: they shall sell the live ox, and shall divide the price, and the carcass of that which died they shall part between them: 36But if he knew that his ox was wont to push yesterday and the day before, and his master did not keep him in: he shall pay ox for ox, and shall take the whole carcass.

Chapter 22

1If any man steal an ox or a sheep, and kill or sell it: he shall restore five oxen for one ox, and four sheep for one sheep. 2If a thief be found breaking open a house or undermining it, and be wounded so as to die: he that slew him shall not be guilty of blood. 3But if he did this when the sun is risen, he hath committed murder, and he shall die. If he have not wherewith to make restitution for the theft, he shall be sold. 4If that which he stole be found with him, alive, either ox, or ass, or sheep: he shall restore double. 5If any man hurt a field or a vineyard, and put in his beast to feed upon that which is other men's: he shall restore the best of whatsoever he hath in his own field, or in his vineyard, according to the estimation of the damage. 6If a fire breaking out light upon thorns, and catch stacks of corn, or corn standing in the fields, he that kindled the fire shall make good the loss. 7If a man deliver money, or any vessel unto his friend to keep, and they be stolen away from him that received them: if the thief be found he shall restore double: 8If the thief be not known, the master of the house shall be brought to the gods, and shall swear that he did not lay his hand upon his neighbour's goods, 9To do any fraud, either in ox, or in ass, or sheep, or raiment, or any thing that may bring damage: the cause of both parties shall come to the gods: and if they give judgment, he shall restore double to his neighbour. 10If a man deliver ass, ox, sheep, or any beast, to his neighbour's custody, and it die, or be hurt, or be taken by enemies, and no man saw it: 11There shall be an oath between them, that he did not put forth his hand to his neighbour's goods: and the owner shall accept of the oath; and he shall not be compelled to make restitution. 12But if it were taken away by stealth, he shall make the loss good to the owner. 13If it were eaten by a beast, let him bring to him that which was slain, and he shall not make restitution. 14If a man borrow of his neighbour any of these things, and it be hurt or die, the owner not being present, he shall be obliged to make restitution. 15But if the owner be present, he shall not make restitution, especially if it were hired and came for the hire of his work. 16If a man seduce a virgin not yet espoused, and lie with her: he shall endow her, and have her to wife. 17If the maid's father will not give her to him, he shall give money according to the dowry, which virgins are wont to receive. 18Wizards thou shalt not suffer to live. 19Whosoever copulateth with a beast shall be put to death. 20He that sacrificeth to gods, shall be put to death, save only to the Lord. 21Thou shalt not molest a stranger, nor afflict him: for yourselves also were strangers in the land of Egypt. 22You shall not hurt a widow or an orphan. 23If you hurt them they will cry out to me, and I will hear their cry: 24And my rage shall be enkindled, and I will strike you with the sword, and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless. 25If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor, that dwelleth with thee, thou shalt not be hard upon them as an extortioner, nor oppress them with usuries. 26If thou take of thy neighbour a garment in pledge, thou shalt give it him again before sunset. 27For that same is the only thing wherewith he is covered, the clothing of his body, neither hath he any other to sleep in: if he cry to me, I will hear him, because I am compassionate. 28Thou shalt not speak ill of the gods, and the prince of thy people thou shalt not curse. 29Thou shalt not delay to pay thy tithes and thy firstfruits: thou shalt give the firstborn of thy sons to me. 30Thou shalt do the same with the firstborn of thy oxen also and sheep: seven days let it be with its dam, the eighth day thou shalt give it to me. 31You shall be holy men to me: the flesh that beasts have tasted of before, you shall not eat, but shall cast it to the dogs.

Chapter 23

1Thou shalt not receive the voice of a lie: neither shalt thou join thy hand to bear false witness for a wicked person. 2Thou shalt not follow the multitude to do evil: neither shalt thou yield in judgment, to the opinion of the most part, to stray from the truth. 3Neither shalt thou favour a poor man in judgment. 4If thou meet thy enemy's ox or ass going astray, bring it back to him. 5If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lie underneath his burden, thou shalt not pass by, but shalt lift him up with him. 6Thou shalt not go aside in the poor man's judgment. 7Thou shalt fly lying. The innocent and just person thou shalt not put to death: because I abhor the wicked. 8Neither shalt thou take bribes, which even blind the wise, and pervert the words of the just. 9Thou shalt not molest a stranger, for you know the hearts of strangers: for you also were strangers in the land of Egypt. 10Six years thou shalt sow thy ground, and shalt gather the corn thereof. 11But the seventh year thou shalt let it alone, and suffer it to rest, that the poor of thy people may eat, and whatsoever shall be left, let the beasts of the field eat it: so shalt thou do with thy vineyard and thy oliveyard. 12Six days thou shalt work: the seventh day thou shalt cease, that thy ox and thy ass may rest: and the son of thy handmaid and the stranger may be refreshed. 13Keep all things that I have said to you. And by the name of strange gods you shall not swear, neither shall it be heard out of your mouth. 14Three times every year you shall celebrate feasts to me. 15Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread. Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month of new corn, when thou didst come forth out of Egypt: thou shalt not appear empty before me. 16And the feast of the harvest of the firstfruits of thy work, whatsoever thou hast sown in the field. The feast also in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in all thy corn out of the field. 17Thrice a year shall all thy males appear before the Lord thy God. 18Thou shalt not sacrifice the blood of my victim upon leaven, neither shall the fat of my solemnity remain until the morning. 19Thou shalt carry the firstfruits of the corn of thy ground to the house of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not boil a kid in the milk of his dam. 20Behold I will send my angel, who shall go before thee, and keep thee in thy journey, and bring thee into the place that I have prepared. 21Take notice of him, and hear his voice, and do not think him one to be contemned: for he will not forgive when thou hast sinned, and my name is in him. 22But if thou wilt hear his voice, and do all that I speak, I will be an enemy to thy enemies, and will afflict them that afflict thee. 23And my angel shall go before thee, and shall bring thee in unto the Amorrhite, and the Hethite, and the Pherezite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite, whom I will destroy. 24Thou shalt not adore their gods, nor serve them. Thou shalt not do their works, but shalt destroy them, and break their statues. 25And you shall serve the Lord your God, that I may bless your bread and your waters, and may take away sickness from the midst of thee. 26There shall not be one fruitless nor barren in thy land: I will fill the number of thy days. 27I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come: and will turn the backs of all thy enemies before thee. 28Sending out hornets before, that shall drive away the Hevite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, before thou come in. 29I will not cast them out from thy face in one year: lest the land be brought into a wilderness, and the beasts multiply against thee. 30By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, till thou be increased, and dost possess the land. 31And I will set thy bounds from the Red Sea to the sea of the Palestines, and from the desert to the river: I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hands, and will drive them out from before you. 32Thou shalt not enter into league with them, nor with their gods. 33Let them not dwell in thy land, lest perhaps thy make thee sin against me, if thou serve their god: which undoubtedly will be a scandal to thee.

Chapter 24

1And he said to Moses: Come up to the Lord, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abiu, and seventy of the ancients of Israel, and you shall adore afar off. 2And Moses alone shall come up to the Lord, but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people come up with him. 3So Moses came and told the people all the words of the Lord, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice: We will do all the words of the Lord, which he hath spoken. 4And Moses wrote all the words of the Lord: and rising in the morning he built an altar at the foot of the mount, and twelve titles according to the twelve tribes of Israel. 5And he sent young men of the children of Israel, and they offered holocausts, and sacrificed pacific victims of calves to the Lord. 6Then Moses took half of the blood, and put it into bowls: and the rest he poured upon the altar. 7And taking the book of the covenant, he read it in the hearing of the people: and they said: All things that the Lord hath spoken we will do, we will be obedient. 8And he took the blood and sprinkled it upon the people, and he said: This is the blood of the covenant which the Lord hath made with you concerning all these words. 9Then Moses and Aaron, Nadab and Abiu, and seventy of the ancients of Israel went up: 10And they saw the God of Israel: and under his feet as it were a work of sapphire stone, and as the heaven, when clear. 11Neither did he lay his hand upon those of the children of Israel, that retired afar off, and they saw God, and they did eat and drink. 12And the Lord said to Moses: Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and the law, and the commandments which I have written: that thou mayst teach them. 13Moses rose up, and his minister Josue: and Moses going up into the mount of God, 14Said to the ancients: Wait ye here till we return to you. You have Aaron and Hur with you: if any question shall arise, you shall refer it to them. 15And when Moses was gone up, a cloud covered the mount. 16And the glory of the Lord dwelt upon Sinai, covering it with a cloud six days: and the seventh day he called him out of the midst of the cloud. 17And the sight of the glory of the Lord was like a burning fire upon the top of the mount, in the eyes of the children of Israel. 18And Moses, entering into the midst of the cloud, went up into the mountain: and he was there forty days, and forty nights.

Chapter 25

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, that they bring firstfruits to me: of every man that offereth of his own accord, you shall take them. 3And these are the things you must take: gold, and silver, and brass, 4Violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen, and goats' hair, 5And rams' skins dyed red, and violet skins, and setim wood: 6Oil to make lights: spices for ointment, and for sweetsmelling incense: 7Onyx stones, and precious stones to adorn the ephod and the rational. 8And they shall make me a sanctuary, and I will dwell in the midst of them: 9According to all the likeness of the tabernacle which I will shew thee, and of all the vessels for the service thereof: and thus you shall make it: 10Frame an ark of setim wood, the length whereof shall be of two cubits and a half: the breadth, a cubit and a half: the height, likewise, a cubit and a half. 11And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold within and without: and over it thou shalt make a golden crown round about: 12And four golden rings, which thou shall put at the four corners of the ark: let two rings be on the one side, and two on the other. 13Thou shalt make bars also of setim wood, and shalt overlay them with gold. 14And thou shalt put them in through the rings that are in the sides of the ark, that it may be carried on them. 15And they shall be always in the rings, neither shall they at any time be drawn out of them. 16And thou shalt put in the ark the testimony which I will give thee. 17Thou shalt make also a propitiatory of the purest gold: the length thereof shall be two cubits and a half, and the breadth a cubit and a half. 18Thou shalt make also two cherubims of beaten gold, on the two sides of the oracle. 19Let one cherub be on the one side, and the other on the other. 20Let them cover both sides of the propitiatory, spreading their wings, and covering the oracle, and let them look one towards the other, their faces being turned towards the propitiatory wherewith the ark is to be covered. 21In which thou shalt put the testimony that I will give thee. 22Thence will I give orders, and will speak to thee over the propitiatory, and from the midst of the two cherubims, which shall be upon the ark of the testimony, all things which I will command the children of Israel by thee. 23Thou shalt make a table also of setim wood, of two cubits in length, and a cubit in breadth, and a cubit and half in height. 24And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold: and thou shalt make to it a golden ledge round about. 25And to the ledge itself a polished crown, four inches high: and over the same another little golden crown. 26Thou shalt prepare also four golden rings, and shalt put them in the four corners of the same table over each foot. 27Under the crown shall the golden rings be, that the bars may be put through them, and the table may be carried. 28The bars also themselves thou shalt make of setim wood, and shalt overlay them with gold to bear up the table. 29Thou shalt prepare also dishes, and bowls, censers, and cups, wherein the libations are to be offered of the purest gold. 30And thou shalt set upon the table loaves of proposition in my sight always. 31Thou shalt make also a candlestick of beaten work of the finest gold, the shaft thereof, and the branches, the cups, and the bowls, and the lilies going forth from it. 32Six branches shall come out of the sides, three out of the one side, and three out of the other. 33Three cups as it were nuts to every branch, and a bowl withal, and a lily; and three cups, likewise of the fashion of nuts in the other branch, and a bowl withal, and a lily. Such shall be the work of the six branches, that are to come out from the shaft: 34And in the candlestick itself shall be four cups in the manner of a nut, and at every one, bowls and lilies. 35Bowls under two branches in three places, which together make six coming forth out of one shaft. 36And both the bowls and the branches shall be of the same beaten work of the purest gold. 37Thou shalt make also seven lamps, and shalt set them upon the candlestick, to give light over against. 38The snuffers also and where the snuffings shall be put out, shall be made of the purest gold. 39The whole weight of the candlestick with all the furniture thereof shall be a talent of the purest gold. 40Look and make it according to the pattern, that was shewn thee in the mount.

Chapter 26

1And thou shalt make the tabernacle in this manner: Thou shalt make ten curtains of fine twisted linen, and violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, diversified with embroidery. 2The length of one curtain shall be twenty-eight cubits, the breadth shall be four cubits. All the curtains shall be of one measure. 3Five curtains shall be joined one to another, and the other five shall be coupled together in like manner. 4Thou shalt make loops of violet in the sides and tops of the curtains, that they may be joined one to another. 5Every curtain shall have fifty loops on both sides, so set on, that one loop may be against another loop, and one may be fitted to the other. 6Thou shalt make also fifty rings of gold wherewith the veils of the curtains are to be joined, that it may be made one tabernacle. 7Thou shalt make also eleven curtains of goats' hair, to cover the top of the tabernacle. 8The length of one hair curtain shall be thirty cubits: and the breadth four: the measure of all the curtains shall be equal. 9Five of which thou shalt couple by themselves, and the six others thou shalt couple one to another, so as to double the sixth curtain in the front of the roof. 10Thou shalt make also fifty loops in the edge of one curtain, that it may be joined with the other: and fifty loops in the edge of the other curtain, that it may be coupled with its fellow. 11Thou shalt make also fifty buckles of brass, wherewith the loops may be joined, that of all there may be made one covering. 12And that which shall remain of the curtains, that are prepared for the roof, to wit, one curtain that is over and above, with the half thereof thou shalt cover the back parts of the tabernacle. 13And there shall hang down a cubit on the one side, and another on the other side, which is over and above in the length of the curtains, fencing both sides of the tabernacle. 14Thou shalt make also another cover to the roof, of rams' skins dyed red; and over that again another cover of violet coloured skins. 15Thou shalt make also the boards of the tabernacle standing upright of setim wood. 16Let every one of them be ten cubits in length, and in breadth on cubit and a half. 17In the sides of the boards shall be made two mortises, whereby one board may be joined to another board: and after this manner shall all the boards be prepared. 18Of which twenty shall be in the south side southward. 19For which thou shalt cast forty sockets of silver, that under every board may be put two sockets at the two corners. 20In the second side also the tabernacle that looketh to the north, there shall be twenty boards, 21Having forty sockets of silver, two sockets shall be put under each board. 22But on the west side of the tabernacle thou shalt make six boards. 23And again other two which shall be erected in the corners at the back of the tabernacle. 24And they shall be joined together from beneath unto the top, and one joint shall hold them all. The like joining shall be observed for the two boards also that are to be put in the corners. 25And they shall be in all eight boards, and their silver sockets sixteen, reckoning two sockets for each board. 26Thou shalt make also five bars of setim wood, to hold together the boards on one side of the tabernacle. 27And five others on the other side, and as many at the west side: 28And they shall be put along by the midst of the boards from one end to the other. 29The boards also themselves thou shalt overlay with gold, and shall cast rings of gold to be set upon them, for places for the bars to hold together boardwork: which bars thou shalt cover with plates of gold. 30And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the pattern that was shewn thee in the mount. 31Thou shalt make also a veil of violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, wrought with embroidered work, and goodly variety: 32And thou shalt hang it up before four pillars of setim wood, which themselves also shall be overlaid with gold, and shall have heads of gold, but sockets of silver. 33And the veils shall be hanged on with rings, and within it thou shalt put the ark of the testimony, and the sanctuary, and the holy of holies shall be divided with it. 34And thou shalt set the propitiatory upon the ark of the testimony in the holy of holies. 35And the table without the veil: and over against the table the candlestick in the south side of the tabernacle; for the table shall stand in the north side. 36Thou shalt make also a hanging in the entrance of the tabernacle of violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen with embroidered work. 37And thou shalt overlay with gold five pillars of setim wood, before which the hanging shall be drawn: their heads shall be of gold, and the sockets of brass.

Chapter 27

1Thou shalt make also an altar of setim wood, which shall be five cubits long and as many broad, that is, foursquare, and three cubits high. 2And there shall be horns at the four corners of the same: and thou shalt cover it with brass. 3And thou shalt make for the uses thereof pans to receive the ashes, and tongs and fleshhooks, and firepans: all its vessels thou shalt make of brass. 4And a grate of brass in manner of a net: at the four corners of which shall be four rings of brass, 5Which thou shalt put under the hearth of the altar: and the grate shall be even to the midst of the altar. 6Thou shalt make also two bars for the altar of setim wood, which thou shalt cover with plates of brass: 7And thou shalt draw them through rings, and they shall be on both sides of the altar to carry it. 8Thou shalt not make it solid, but empty and hollow in the inside, as it was shewn thee in the mount. 9Thou shalt make also the court of the tabernacle, in the south side whereof southward there shall be hangings of fine twisted linen of a hundred cubits long for one side. 10And twenty pillars with as many sockets of brass, the heads of which with their engraving of silver. 11In like manner also on the north side there shall be hangings of a hundred cubits long, twenty pillars, and as many sockets of brass, and their heads with their engraving of silver. 12But in the breadth of the court, that looketh to the west, there shall be hangings of fifty cubits, and ten pillars, and as many sockets. 13In that breadth also of the court, which looketh to the east, there shall be fifty cubits. 14In which there shall be for one side hangings of fifteen cubits, and three pillars and as many sockets. 15And in the other side there shall be hangings of fifteen cubits, with three pillars and as many sockets. 16And in the entrance of the court there shall be made a hanging of twenty cubits of violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, with embroidered work: it shall have four pillars with as many sockets. 17All the pillars of the court round about shall be garnished with plates of silver, silver heads and sockets of brass. 18In length the court shall take up a hundred cubits, in breadth fifty, the height shall be of five cubits, and it shall be made of fine twisted linen, and shall have sockets of brass. 19All the vessels of the tabernacle for all uses and ceremonies, and the pins both of it, and of the court, thou shalt make of brass. 20Command the children of Israel that they bring thee the purest oil of the olives, and beaten with a pestle: that a lamp may burn always, 21In the tabernacle of the testimony without the veil that hangs before the testimony. And Aaron and his sons shall order it, that it may give light before the Lord until the morning. It shall be a perpetual observance throughout their successions among the children of Israel.

Chapter 28

1Take unto thee also Aaron thy brother with his sons, from among the children of Israel, that they may minister to me in the priest's office: Aaron, Nadab, and Abiu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 2And thou shalt make a holy vesture for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty. 3And thou shalt speak to all the wise of heart, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's vestments, in which he being consecrated may minister to me. 4And these shall be the vestments that they shall make: A rational and an ephod, a tunick and a strait linen garment, a mitre and a girdle. They shall make the holy vestments for thy brother Aaron and his sons, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me. 5And they shall take gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen. 6And they shall make the ephod of gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, embroidered with divers colours. 7It shall have the two edges joined in the top on both sides, that they may be closed together. 8The very workmanship also and all the variety of the work shall be of gold, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen. 9And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and shalt grave on them the names of the children of Israel: 10Six names on one stone, and the other six on the other, according to the order of their birth. 11With the work of an engraver and the graving of a jeweller, thou shalt engrave them with the names of the children of Israel, set in gold and compassed about: 12And thou shalt put them in both sides of the ephod, a memorial for the children of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the Lord upon both shoulders, for a remembrance. 13Thou shalt make also hooks of gold. 14And two little chains of the purest gold linked one to another, which thou shalt put into the hooks. 15And thou shalt make the rational of judgment with embroidered work of divers colours, according to the workmanship of the ephod, of gold, violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen. 16It shall be foursquare and doubled: it shall be the measure of a span both in length and in breadth. 17And thou shalt set in it four rows of stones: in the first row shall be a sardius stone, and a topaz, and an emerald: 18In the second a carbuncle, a sapphire and a jasper. 19In the third a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst: 20In the fourth a chrysolite, an onyx, and a beryl. They shall be set in gold by their rows. 21And they shall have the names of the children of Israel: with twelve names shall they be engraved, each stone with the name of one according to the twelve tribes. 22And thou shalt make on the rational chains linked one to another of the purest gold: 23And two rings of gold, which thou shalt put in the two ends at the top of the rational. 24And the golden chains thou shalt join to the rings, that are in the ends thereof: 25And the ends of the chains themselves thou shalt join together with two hooks on both sides of the ephod, which is towards the rational. 26Thou shalt make also two rings of gold which thou shalt put in the top parts of the rational, in the borders that are over against the ephod, and look towards the back parts thereof. 27Moreover also other two rings of gold, which are to be set on each side of the ephod beneath, that looketh towards the nether joining, that the rational may be fitted with the ephod, 28And may be fastened by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a violet fillet, that the joining artificially wrought may continue, and the rational and the ephod may not be loosed one from the other. 29And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the rational of judgement upon his breast, when he shall enter into the sanctuary, a memorial before the Lord for ever. 30And thou shalt put in the rational of judgment doctrine and truth, which shall be on Aaron's breast, when he shall go in before the Lord: and he shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel on his breast, in the sight of the Lord always. 31And thou shalt make the tunick of the ephod all of violet, 32In the midst whereof above shall be a hole for the head, and a border round about it woven, as is wont to be made in the outmost parts of garments, that it may not easily be broken. 33And beneath at the feet of the same tunick round about, thou shalt make as it were pomegranates, of violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, with little bells set between: 34So that there shall be a golden bell and a pomegranate, and again another golden bell and a pomegranate. 35And Aaron shall be vested with it in the office of his ministry, that the sound may be heard, when he goeth in and cometh out of the sanctuary, in the sight of the Lord, and that he may not die. 36Thou shalt make also a plate of the purest gold: wherein thou shalt grave with engraver's work, Holy to the Lord. 37And thou shalt tie it with a violet fillet, and it shall be upon the mitre, 38Hanging over the forehead of the high priest. And Aaron shall bear the iniquities of those things, which the children of Israel have offered and sanctified, in all their gifts and offerings. And the plate shall be always on his forehead, that the Lord may be well pleased with them. 39And thou shalt gird the tunick with fine linen, and thou shalt make a fine linen mitre, and a girdle of embroidered work. 40Moreover for the sons of Aaron thou shalt prepare linen tunicks, and girdles and mitres for glory and beauty: 41And with all these things thou shalt vest Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him. And thou shalt consecrate the hands of them all, and shalt sanctify them, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me. 42Thou shalt make also linen breeches, to cover the flesh of their nakedness from the reins to the thighs: 43And Aaron and his sons shall use them when they shall go in to the tabernacle of the testimony, or when they approach the altar to minister in the sanctuary, lest being guilty of iniquity they die. It shall be a law for ever to Aaron, and to his seed after him.

Chapter 29

1And thou shalt also do this, that they may be consecrated to me in priesthood. Take a calf from the herd, and two rams without blemish, 2And unleavened bread, and a cake without leaven, tempered with oil, wafers also unleavened anointed with oil: thou shalt make them all of wheaten flour. 3And thou shalt put them in a basket and offer them: and the calf and the two rams. 4And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. And when thou hast washed the father and his sons with water, 5Thou shalt clothe Aaron with his vestments, that is, with the linen garment and the tunick, and the ephod and the rational, which thou shalt gird with the girdle. 6And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and the holy plate upon the mitre, 7And thou shalt pour the oil of unction upon his head: and by this rite shall he be consecrated. 8Thou shalt bring his sons also and shalt put on them the linen tunicks, and gird them with a girdle: 9To wit, Aaron and his children, and thou shalt put mitres upon them: and they shall be priests to me by a perpetual ordinance. After thou shalt have consecrated their hands, 10Thou shalt present also the calf before the tabernacle of the testimony. And Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands upon his head, 11And thou shalt kill him in the sight of the Lord, beside the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 12And taking some of the blood of the calf, thou shalt put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and the rest of the blood thou shalt pour at the bottom thereof. 13Thou shalt take also all the fat that covereth the entrails, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and shalt offer a burnt offering upon the altar: 14But the flesh of the calf and the hide and the dung, thou shalt burn abroad, without the camp, because it is for sin. 15Thou shalt take also one ram upon the head whereof Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands. 16And when thou hast killed him, thou shalt take of the blood thereof, and pour round about the altar: 17And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and having washed his entrails and feet, thou shalt put them upon the flesh that is cut in pieces, and upon his head. 18And thou shalt offer the whole ram for a burnt offering upon the altar: it is an oblation to the Lord, a most sweet savour of the victim of the Lord. 19Thou shalt take also the other ram, upon whose head Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands. 20And when thou hast sacrificed him, thou shalt take of his blood, and put upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron and of his sons, and upon the thumbs and great toes of their right hand and foot, and thou shalt pour the blood upon the altar round about. 21And when thou hast taken of the blood, that is upon the altar, and of the oil of unction, thou shalt sprinkle Aaron and his vesture, his sons and their vestments. And after they and their vestments are consecrated, 22Thou shalt take the fat of the ram, and the rump, and the fat that covereth the lungs, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder, because it is the ram of consecration. 23And one roll of bread, a cake tempered with oil, a wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread, which is set in the sight of the Lord. 24And thou shalt put all upon the hands of Aaron and of his sons, and shalt sanctify them elevating before the Lord. 25And thou shalt take all from their hands, and shalt burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, a most sweet savour in the sight of the Lord, because it is his oblation. 26Thou shalt take also the breast of the ram, wherewith Aaron was consecrated, and elevating it thou shalt sanctify it before the Lord, and it shall fall to thy share. 27And thou shalt sanctify both the consecrated breast, and the shoulder that thou didst separate of the ram, 28Wherewith Aaron was consecrated and his sons, and they shall fall to Aarons share and his sons' by a perpetual right from the children of Israel: because they are the choicest and the beginnings of their peace victims which they offer to the Lord. 29And the holy vesture, which Aaron shall use, his sons shall have after him, that they may be anointed, and their hands consecrated to it. 30He of his sons that shall be appointed high priest in his stead, and that shall enter into the tabernacle of the testimony to minister in the sanctuary, shall wear it seven days. 31And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and shalt boil the flesh thereof in the holy place: 32And Aaron and his sons shall eat it. The loaves also, that are in the basket, they shall eat in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony, 33That it may be an atoning sacrifice, and the hands of the offerers may be sanctified. A stranger shall not eat of them, because they are holy. 34And if there remain of the consecrated flash, or of the bread till the morning, thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: they shall not be eaten, because they are sanctified. 35All that I have commanded thee, thou shalt do unto Aaron and his sons. Seven days shalt thou consecrate their hands: 36And thou shalt offer a calf for sin every day for expiation. And thou shalt cleanse the altar when thou hast offered the victim of expiation, and shalt anoint it to sanctify it. 37Seven days shalt thou expiate the altar and sanctify it, and it shall be most holy. Every one that shall touch it shall be holy. 38This is what thou shalt sacrifice upon the altar: Two lambs of a year old every day continually. 39One lamb in the morning and another in the evening. 40With one lamb a tenth part of flour tempered with beaten oil, of the fourth part of a hin, and wine for libation of the same measure. 41And the other lamb thou shalt offer in the evening, according to the rite of the morning oblation, and according to what we have said, for a savour of sweetness: 42It is a sacrifice to the Lord, by perpetual oblation unto your generations, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony before the Lord, where I will appoint to speak unto thee. 43And there will I command the children of Israel, and the altar shall be sanctified by my glory. 44I will sanctify also the tabernacle of the testimony with the altar, and Aaron with his sons, to do the office of priesthood unto me. 45And I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel, and will be their God: 46And they shall know that I am the Lord their God, who have brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I might abide among them, I the Lord their God.

Chapter 30

1Thou shalt make also an altar to burn incense, of setim wood. 2It shall be a cubit in length, and another in breadth, that is, foursquare, and two in height. Horns shall go out of the same. 3And thou shalt overlay it with the purest gold, as well as the grate thereof, as the walls round about and the horns. And thou shalt make to it a crown of gold round about, 4And two golden rings under the crown on either side, that the bars may be put into them, and the altar be carried. 5And thou shalt make the bars also of setim wood, and shalt overlay them with gold. 6And thou shalt set the altar over against the veil, that hangeth before the ark of the testimony before the propitiatory wherewith the testimony is covered, where I will speak to thee. 7And Aaron shall burn sweet smelling incense upon it in the morning. When he shall dress the lamps, he shall burn it: 8And when he shall place them in the evening, he shall burn an everlasting incense before the Lord throughout your generations. 9You shall not offer upon it incense of another composition nor oblation, and victim, neither shall you offer libations. 10And Aaron shall pray upon the horns thereof once a year, with the blood of that which was offered for sin, and shall make atonement upon it in your generations. It shall be most holy to the Lord. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 12When thou shalt take the sum of the children of Israel according to their number, every one of them shall give a price for their souls to the Lord, and there shall be no scourge among them, when they shall be reckoned. 13And this shall every one give that passeth at the naming, half a sicle according to the standard of the temple. A sicle hath twenty obols. Half a sicle shall be offered to the Lord. 14He that is counted in the number from twenty years and upwards, shall give the price. 15The rich man shall not add to half a sicle, and the poor man shall diminish nothing. 16And the money received which was contributed by the children of Israel, thou shalt deliver unto the uses of the tabernacle of the testimony, that it may be a memorial of them before the Lord, and he may be merciful to their souls. 17And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 18Thou shalt make also a brazen laver with its foot, to wash in: and thou shalt set it between the tabernacle of the testimony and the altar. And water being put into it, 19Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and feet in it: 20When they are going into the tabernacle of the testimony, and when they are to come to the altar, to offer on it incense to the Lord, 21Lest perhaps they die. It shall be an everlasting law to him, and to his seed by successions. 22And the Lord spoke to Moses, 23Saying: Take spices, of principal and chosen myrrh five hundred sicles, and of cinnamon half so much, that is, two hundred and fifty sicles, of calamus in like manner two hundred and fifty. 24And of cassia five hundred sicles by the weight of the sanctuary, of oil of olives the measure hin: 25And thou shalt make the holy oil of unction, an ointment compounded after the art of the perfumer, 26And therewith thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the testimony, and the ark of the testament, 27And the table with the vessels thereof, the candlestick and furniture thereof, the altars of incense, 28And of holocaust, and all the furniture that belongeth to the service of them. 29And thou shalt sanctify all, and they shall be most holy: he that shall touch them shall be sanctified. 30Thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and shalt sanctify them, that they may do the office of priesthood unto me. 31And thou shalt say to the children of Israel: This oil of unction shall be holy unto me throughout your generations. 32The flesh of man shall not be anointed therewith, and you shall make none other of the same composition, because it is sanctified, and shall be holy unto you. 33What man soever shall compound such, and shall give thereof to a stranger, he shall be cut off from his people. 34And the Lord said to Moses: Take unto thee spices, stacte, and onycha, galbanum of sweet savour, and the clearest frankincense, all shall be of equal weight. 35And thou shalt make incense compounded by the work of the perfumer, well tempered together, and pure, and most worthy of sanctification. 36And when thou has beaten all into very small powder, thou shalt set of it before the tabernacle of the testimony, in the place where I will appear to thee. Most holy shall this incense be to you. 37You shall not make such a composition for your own uses, because it is holy to the Lord. 38What man soever shall make the like, to enjoy the smell thereof, he shall perish out of his people.

Chapter 31

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Behold, I have called by name Beseleel the son of Uri the son of Hur of the tribe of Juda, 3And I have filled him with the spirit of God, with wisdom and understanding, and knowledge in all manner of work. 4To devise whatsoever may be artificially made of gold, and silver, and brass, 5Of marble, and precious stones, and variety of wood. 6And I have given him for his companion Ooliab the son of Achisamech of the tribe of Dan. And I have put wisdom in the heart of every skilful man, that they may make all things which I have commanded thee, 7The tabernacle of the covenant, and the ark of the testimony, and the propitiatory that is over it, and all the vessels of the tabernacle, 8And the table and the vessels thereof, the most pure candlestick with the vessels thereof, and the altars of incense, 9And of holocaust, and all their vessels, the laver with its foot, 10The holy vestments in the ministry for Aaron the priest, and for his sons, that they may execute their office about the sacred things: 11The oil of unction, and the incense of spices in the sanctuary, all things which I have commanded thee, shall they make. 12And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 13Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: See that thou keep my sabbath: because it is a sign between me and you in your generations: that you may know that I am the Lord, who sanctify you. 14Keep you my sabbath: for it is holy unto you: he that shall profane it, shall be put to death: he that shall do my work in it, his soul shall perish out of the midst of his people. 15Six days shall you do work: in the seventh day is the sabbath, the rest holy to the Lord. Every one that shall do any work on this day, shall die. 16Let the children of Israel keep the sabbath, and celebrate it in their generations. It is an everlasting covenant 17Between me and the children of Israel, and a perpetual sign. For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, and in the seventh he ceased from work. 18And the Lord, when he had ended these words in mount Sinai, gave to Moses two stone tables of testimony, written with the finger of God.

Chapter 32

1And the people seeing that Moses delayed to come down from the mount, gathering together against Aaron, said: Arise, make us gods, that may go before us: for as to this Moses, the man that brought us out of the land of Egypt, we know not what has befallen him. 2And Aaron said to them: Take the golden earrings from the ears of your wives, and your sons and daughters, and bring them to me. 3And the people did what he had commanded, bringing the earrings to Aaron. 4And when he had received them, he fashioned them by founders' work, and made of them a molten calf. And they said: These are thy gods, O Israel, that have brought thee out of the land of Egypt. 5And when Aaron saw this, he built an altar before it, and made proclamation by a crier's voice, saying: To morrow is the solemnity of the Lord. 6And rising in the morning, they offered holocausts, and peace victims, and the people sat down to eat, and drink, and they rose up to play. 7And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: Go, get thee down: thy people, which thou hast brought out of the land of Egypt, hath sinned. 8They have quickly strayed from the way which thou didst shew them: and they have made to themselves a molten calf, and have adored it, and sacrificing victims to it, have said: These are thy gods, O Israel, that have brought thee out of the land of Egypt. 9And again the Lord said to Moses: See that this people is stiffnecked: 10Let me alone, that my wrath may be kindled against them, and that I may destroy them, and I will make of thee a great nation. 11But Moses besought the Lord his God, saying: Why, O Lord, is thy indignation kindled against thy people, whom thou hast brought out of the land of Egypt, with great power, and with a mighty hand? 12Let not the Egyptians say, I beseech thee: He craftily brought them out, that he might kill them in the mountains, and destroy them from the earth: let thy anger cease, and be appeased upon the wickedness of thy people. 13Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou sworest by thy own self, saying: I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven: and this whole land that I have spoken of, I will give to you seed, and you shall possess it for ever. 14And the Lord was appeased from doing the evil which he had spoken against his people. 15And Moses returned from the mount, carrying the two tables of the testimony in his hand, written on both sides, 16And made by the work of God: the writing also of God was graven in the tables. 17And Josue hearing the noise of the people shouting, said to Moses: The noise of battle is heard in the camp. 18But he answered: It is not the cry of men encouraging to fight, nor the shout of men compelling to flee: but I hear the voice of singers. 19And when he came nigh to the camp, he saw the calf, and the dances: and being very angry, he threw the tables out of his hand, and broke them at the foot of the mount: 20And laying hold of the calf which they had made, he burnt it, and beat it to powder, which he strowed into water, and gave thereof to the children of Israel to drink. 21And he said to Aaron: What has this people done to thee, that thou shouldst bring upon them a most heinous sin? 22And he answered him: Let not my lord be offended: for thou knowest this people, that they are prone to evil. 23They said to me: Make us gods, that may go before us: for as to this Moses, who brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, we know not what is befallen him. 24And I said to them: Which of you hath any gold? and they took and brought it to me: and I cast it into the fire, and this calf came out. 25And when Moses saw that the people were naked, (for Aaron had stripped them by occasion of the shame of the filth, and had set them naked among their enemies,) 26Then standing in the gate of the camp, he said: If any man be on the Lord's side let him join with me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him: 27And he said to them: Thus saith the Lord God of Israel: Put every man his sword upon his thigh: go, and return from gate to gate through the midst of the camp, and let every man kill his brother, and friend, and neighbour. 28And the sons of Levi did according to the words of Moses, and there were slain that day about three and twenty thousand men. 29And Moses said: You have consecrated your hands this day to the Lord, every man in his son and in his brother, that a blessing may be given to you. 30And when the next day was come, Moses spoke to the people: You have sinned a very great sin: I will go up to the Lord, if by any means I may be able to entreat him for your crime. 31And returning to the Lord, he said: I beseech thee: this people hath sinned a heinous sin, and they have made to themselves gods of gold: either forgive them this trespass, 32Or if thou do not, strike me out of the book that thou hast written. 33And the Lord answered him: He that hath sinned against me, him will I strike out of my book: 34But go thou, and lead this people whither I have told thee: my angel shall go before thee. And I in the day of revenge will visit this sin also of theirs. 35The Lord therefore struck the people for the guilt on occasion of the calf which Aaron had made.

Chapter 33

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: God, get thee up from this place, thou and thy people which thou has brought out of the land of Egypt, into the land concerning which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, saying: To thy seed I will give it. 2And I will send an angel before thee, that I may cast out the Chanaanite, and the Amorrhite, and the Hethite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite. 3That thou mayst enter into the land that floweth with milk and honey. For I will not go up with thee, because thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I destroy thee in the way. 4And the people hearing these very bad tidings, mourned: and no man put on his ornaments according to custom. 5And the Lord said to Moses: Say to the children of Israel: Thou are a stiffnecked people; once I shall come up in the midst of thee, and shall destroy thee. Now presently lay aside thy ornaments, that I may know what to do with thee. 6So the children of Israel laid aside their ornaments by mount Horeb. 7Moses also taking the tabernacle, pitched it without the camp afar off, and called the name thereof, The tabernacle of the covenant. And all the people that had any question, went forth to the tabernacle of the covenant, without the camp. 8And when Moses went forth to the tabernacle, all the people rose up, and every one stood in the door of his pavilion, and they beheld the back of Moses, till he went into the tabernacle. 9And when he was gone into the tabernacle of the covenant, the pillar of the cloud came down, and stood at the door, and he spoke with Moses. 10And all saw that the pillar of the cloud stood at the door of the tabernacle. And they stood, and worshipped at the doors of their tents. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses face to face, as a man is wont to speak to his friend. And when he returned into the camp, his servant Josue the son of Nun, a young man, departed not from the tabernacle. 12And Moses said to the Lord; Thou commandest me to lead forth this people: and thou dost not let me know whom thou wilt send with me, especially whereas thou hast said: I know thee by name, and thou hast found favour in my sight. 13If therefore I have found favour in thy sight, show me thy face, that I may know thee, and may find grace before thy eyes: look upon thy people this nation. 14And the Lord said: My face shall go before thee, and I will give thee rest. 15And Moses said: If thou thyself dost not go before, bring us not out of this place. 16For how shall we be able to know, I and thy people, that we have found grace in thy sight, unless thou walk with us, that we may be glorified by all people that dwell upon the earth? 17And the Lord said to Moses: This word also, which thou hast spoken, will I do: for thou hast found grace before me, and thee I have known by name. 18And he said: Shew me thy glory. 19He answered: I will shew thee all good, and I will proclaim in the name of the Lord before thee: and I will have mercy on whom I will, and I will be merciful to whom it shall please me. 20And again he said: Thou canst not see my face: for man shall not see me and live. 21And again he said: Behold there is a place with me, and thou shalt stand upon the rock. 22And when my glory shall pass, I will set thee in a hole of the rock, and protect thee with my right hand, till I pass: 23And I will take away my hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face thou canst not see.

Chapter 34

1And after this he said: Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the former, and I will write upon them the words which were in the tables, which thou brokest. 2Be ready in the morning, that thou mayst forthwith go up into mount Sinai, and thou shalt stand with me upon the top of the mount. 3Let no man go up with thee: and let not any man be seen throughout all the mount: neither let the oxen nor the sheep feed over against it. 4Then he cut out two tables of stone, such as had been before: and rising very early he went up into the mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, carrying with him the tables. 5And when the Lord was come down in a cloud, Moses stood with him, calling upon the name of the Lord. 6And when he passed before him, he said: O the Lord, the Lord God, merciful and gracious, patient and of much compassion, and true, 7Who keepest mercy unto thousands: who takest away iniquity, and wickedness, and sin, and no man of himself is innocent before thee. Who renderest the iniquity of the fathers to the children, and to the grandchildren, unto the third and fourth generation. 8And Moses making haste, bowed down prostrate unto the earth, and adoring, 9Said: If I have found grace in thy sight: O Lord, I beseech thee, that thou wilt go with us, (for it is a stiffnecked people,) and take away our iniquities and sin, and possess us. 10The Lord answered: I will make a covenant in the sight of all. I will do signs such as were never seen upon the earth, nor in any nation: that this people, in the midst of whom thou art, may see the terrible work of the Lord which I will do. 11Observe all things which this day I command thee: I myself will drive out before thy face the Amorrhite, and the Chanaanite, and the Hethite, and the Pherezite, and the Hevite, and the Jebusite. 12Beware thou never join in friendship with the inhabitants of that land, which may be thy ruin: 13But destroy their altars, break their statues, and cut down their groves: 14Adore not any strange god. The Lord his name is Jealous, he is a jealous God. 15Make no covenant with the men of those countries lest, when they have committed fornication with their gods, and have adored their idols, some one call thee to eat of the things sacrificed. 16Neither shalt thou take of their daughters a wife for thy son, lest after they themselves have committed fornication, they make thy sons also to commit fornication with their gods. 17Thou shalt not make to thyself any molten gods. 18Thou shalt keep the feast of the unleavened bread. Seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee in the time of the month of the new corn: for in the month of the springtime thou camest out from Egypt. 19All of the male kind, that openeth the womb, shall be mine. Of all beasts, both of oxen and of sheep, it shall be mine. 20The firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a sheep: but if thou wilt not give a price for it, it shall be slain. The firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem: neither shalt thou appear before me empty. 21Six days shalt thou work, the seventh day thou shalt cease to plough, and to reap. 22Thou shalt keep the feast of weeks with the firstfruits of the corn of thy wheat harvest, and the feast when the time of the year returneth that all things are laid in. 23Three times in a year all thy males shall appear in the sight of the Almighty Lord the God of Israel. 24For when I shall have taken away the nations from thy face, and shall have enlarged thy borders, no man shall lie in wait against thy land when thou shalt go up, and appear in the sight of the Lord thy God thrice in a year. 25Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice upon leaven: neither shall there remain in the morning any thing of the victim of the solemnity of the Lord. 26The first of the fruits of thy ground thou shalt offer in the house of the Lord thy God. Thou shalt not boil a kid in the milk of his dam. 27And the Lord said to Moses: Write these words by which I have made a covenant both with thee and with Israel. 28And he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights: he neither ate bread nor drank water, and he wrote upon the tables the ten words of the covenant. 29And when Moses came down from the mount Sinai, he held the two tables of the testimony, and he knew not that his face was horned from the conversation of the Lord. 30And Aaron and the children of Israel seeing the face of Moses horned, were afraid to come near. 31And being called by him, they returned, both Aaron and the rulers of the congregation. And after that he spoke to them. 32And all the children of Israel came to him: and he gave them in commandment all that he had heard of the Lord in mount Sinai. 33And having done speaking, he put a veil upon his face. 34But when he went in to the Lord, and spoke with him, he took it away until he came forth, and then he spoke to the children of Israel all things that had been commanded him. 35And they saw that the face of Moses when he came out was horned, but he covered his face again, if at any time he spoke to them.

Chapter 35

1And all the multitude of the children of Israel being gathered together, he said to them: These are the things which the Lord hath commanded to be done. 2Six days you shall do work: the seventh day shall be holy unto you, the sabbath, and the rest of the Lord: he that shall do any work on it, shall be put to death. 3You shall kindle no fire in any of your habitations on the sabbath day. 4And Moses said to all the assembly of the children of Israel: This is the word the Lord hath commanded, saying: 5Set aside with you firstfuits to the Lord. Let every one that is willing and hath a ready heart, offer them to the Lord: gold, and silver, and brass, 6Violet and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen, goats' hair, 7And rams' skins dyed red, and violet coloured skins, setim wood, 8And oil to maintain lights, and to make ointment, and most sweet incense. 9Onyx stones, and precious stones, for the adorning of the ephod and the rational. 10Whosoever of you is wise, let him come, and make that which the Lord hath commanded: 11To wit, the tabernacle and the roof thereof, and the cover, the rings, and the board work with the oars, the pillars, and the sockets: 12The ark and the staves, the propitiatory, and the veil that is drawn before it: 13The table with the bars and the vessels, and the loaves of proposition: 14The candlestick to bear up the lights, the vessels thereof and the lamps, and the oil for the nourishing of fires: 15The altar of incense, and the bars, and the oil of unction and the incense of spices: the hanging at the door of the tabernacle: 16The altar of holocaust, and its grate of brass, with the bars and vessels thereof: the laver and its foot: 17The curtains of the court with the pillars and the sockets, the hanging in the doors of the entry, 18The pins of the tabernacle and of the court with their little cords: 19The vestments that are to be used in the ministry of the sanctuary, the vesture of Aaron the high priest, and of his sons, to do the office of priesthood to me. 20And all the multitude of the children of Israel going out from the presence of Moses, 21Offered firstfruits to the Lord with a most ready and devout mind, to make the work of the tabernacle of the testimony. Whatsoever was necessary to the service, and to the holy vestments, 22Both men and women gave bracelets and earrings, rings and tablets: every vessel of gold was set aside to be offered to the Lord. 23If any man had violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, fine linen and goats' hair, rams' skins dyed red, and violet coloured skins, 24Metal of silver and brass, they offered it to the Lord, and setim wood for divers uses. 25The skilful women also gave such things as they had spun, violet, purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, 26And goats' hair, giving all of their own accord. 27But the princes offered onyx stone, and precious stones, for the ephod and the rational, 28And spices and oil for the lights, and for the preparing of ointment, and to make the incense of most sweet savour. 29All both men and women with devout mind offered gifts, that the works might be done which the Lord had commanded by the hand of Moses. All the children of Israel dedicated voluntary offerings to the Lord. 30And Moses said to the children of Israel: Behold the Lord hath called by name Beseleel the son of Uri the son of Hur of the tribe of Juda. 31And hath filled him with the spirit of God, with wisdom and understanding and knowledge and all learning. 32To devise and to work in gold and silver and brass, 33And in engraving stones, and in carpenters' work. Whatsoever can be devised artificially, 34He hath given in his heart: Ooliab also the son of Achisamech of the tribe of Dan: 35Both of them hath he instructed with wisdom, to do carpenters' work and tapestry, and embroidery in blue and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine linen, and to weave all things, and to invent all new things.

Chapter 36

1Beseleel, therefore, and Ooliab, and every wise man, to whom the Lord gave wisdom and understanding, to know how to work artificially, made the things that are necessary for the uses of the sanctuary, and which the Lord commanded. 2And when Moses had called them, and every skilful man, to whom the Lord had given wisdom, and such as of their own accord had offered themselves to the making of the work, 3He delivered all the offerings of the children of Israel unto them. And while they were earnest about the work, the people daily in the morning offered their vows. 4Whereupon the workmen being constrained to come, 5Said to Moses: The people offereth more than is necessary. 6Moses therefore commanded proclamation to be made by the crier's voice: Let neither man nor woman offer any more for the work of the sanctuary. And so they ceased from offering gifts, 7Because the things that were offered did suffice, and were too much. 8And all the men that were wise of heart, to accomplish the work of the tabernacle, made ten curtains of twisted fine linen, and violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, with varied work, and the art of embroidering: 9The length of one curtain was twenty-eight cubits, and the breadth four: all the curtains were of the same size. 10And he joined five curtains, one to another, and the other five he coupled one to another. 11He made also loops of violet in the edge of the curtain on both sides, and in the edge of the other curtain in like manner, 12That the loops might meet on against another, and might be joined each with the other. 13Whereupon also he cast fifty rings of gold, that might catch the loops of the curtains, and they might be made one tabernacle. 14He made also eleven curtains of goats' hair, to cover the roof of the tabernacle: 15One curtain was thirty cubits long and four cubits broad: all the curtains were of one measure. 16Five of which he joined apart, and the other six apart. 17And he made fifty loops in the edge of one curtain, and fifty in the edge of another curtain, that they might be joined one to another. 18And fifty buckles of brass wherewith the roof might be knit together, that of all the curtains there might be made one covering. 19He made also a cover for the tabernacle of rams' skins dyed red: and another cover over that of violet skins. 20He made also the boards of the tabernacle of setim wood standing. 21The length of one board was ten cubits: and the breadth was one cubit and a half. 22There were two mortises throughout every board, that one might be joined to the other. And in this manner he made for all the boards of the tabernacle. 23Of which twenty were at the south side southward, 24With forty sockets of silver, two sockets were put under one board on the two sides of the corners, where the mortises of the sides end in the corners. 25At that side also of the tabernacle, that looketh toward the north, he made twenty boards. 26With forty sockets of silver, two sockets for every board. 27But against the west, to wit, at that side of the tabernacle, which looketh to the sea, he made six boards, 28And two others at each corner of the tabernacle behind: 29Which were also joined from beneath unto the top, and went together into one joint. Thus he did on both sides at the corners: 30So there were in all eight boards and they had sixteen sockets of silver, to wit, two sockets under every board. 31He made also bars of setim wood, five to hold together the boards of one side of the tabernacle, 32And five others to join together the boards of the other side: and besides these, five other bars at the west side of the tabernacle towards the sea. 33He made also another bar, that might come by the midst of the boards from corner to corner. 34And the board works themselves he overlaid with gold, casting for them sockets of silver. And their rings he made of gold, through which the bars might be drawn: and he covered the bars themselves with plates of gold. 35He made also a veil of violet, and purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, varied and distinguished with embroidery: 36And four pillars of setim wood, which with their heads be overlaid with gold, casting for them sockets of silver. 37He made also a hanging in the entry of the tabernacle of violet, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, with the work of an embroiderer. 38And five pillars with their heads, which he covered with gold, and their sockets he cast of brass.

Chapter 37

1And Beseleel made also the ark of setim wood: it was two cubits and a half in length, and a cubit and a half in breadth, and the height was of one cubit and a half: and he overlaid it with the purest gold within and without. 2And he made to it a crown of gold round about, 3Casting four rings of gold at the four corners thereof: two rings in one side, and two in the other. 4And he made bars of setim wood, which he overlaid with gold, 5And he put them into the rings that were at the sides of the ark to carry it. 6He made also the propitiatory, that is, the oracle, of the purest gold, two cubits and a half in length, and a cubit and a half in breadth. 7Two cherubims also of beaten gold, which he set on the two sides of the propitiatory: 8One cherub in the top of one side, and the other cherub in the top of the other side: two cherubims at the two ends of the propitiatory, 9Spreading their wings, and covering the propitiatory, and looking one towards the other, and towards it. 10He made also the table of setim wood, in length two cubits, and in breadth one cubit, and in height it was a cubit and a half. 11And he overlaid it with the finest gold, and he made to it a golden ledge round about. 12And to the ledge itself he made a polished crown of gold, of four fingers' breadth, and upon the same another golden crown. 13And he cast four rings of gold, which he put in the four corners at each foot of the table, 14Over against the crown: and he put the bars into them, that the table might be carried. 15And the bars also themselves he made of setim wood, and overlaid them with gold, 16And the vessels for the divers uses of the table, dishes, bowls, and cups, and censers of pure gold, wherein the libations are to be offered. 17He made also the candlestick of beaten work of the finest gold. From the shaft whereof its branches, its cups, and bowls, and lilies came out: 18Six on the two sides: three branches on one side, and three on the other. 19Three cups in manner of a nut on each branch, and bowls withal and lilies; and three cups of the fashion of a nut in another branch, and bowls withal and lilies. The work of the six branches that went out from the shaft of the candlestick was equal. 20And in the shaft itself were four cups after the manner of a nut, and bowls withal at every one, and lilies: 21And bowls under two branches in three places, which together make six branches going out from one shaft. 22So both the bowls, and the branches were of the same, all beaten work of the purest gold. 23He made also the seven lamps with their snuffers, and the vessels where the snuffings were to be put out, of the purest gold. 24The candlestick with all the vessels thereof weighed a talent of gold. 25He made also the altar of incense of setim wood, being a cubit on every side foursquare, and in height two cubits: from the corners of which went out horns. 26And he overlaid it with the purest gold, with its grate and the sides, and the horns. 27And he made to it a crown of gold round about, and two golden rings under the crown at each side, that the bars might be put into them, and the altar be carried. 28And the bars themselves he made also of setim wood, and overlaid them with plates of gold. 29He compounded also the oil for the ointment of sanctification, and incense of the purest spices, according to the work of a perfumer.

Chapter 38

1He made also the altar of holocaust of setim wood, five cubits square, and three in height: 2The horns whereof went out from the corners, and he overlaid it with plates of brass. 3And for the uses thereof, he prepared divers vessels of brass, cauldrons, tongs, fleshhooks, pothooks, and firepans. 4And he made the grate thereof of brass, in manner of a net, and under it in the midst of the altar a hearth, 5Casting four rings at the four ends of the net at the top, to put in bars to carry it. 6And he made the bars of setim wood, and overlaid them with plates of brass: 7And he drew them through the rings that stood out in the sides of the altar. And the altar itself was not solid, but hollow, of boards, and empty within. 8He made also the laver of brass, with the foot thereof, of the mirrors of the women that watch at the door of the tabernacle. 9He made also the court, in the south side whereof were hangings of fine twisted linen, of a hundred cubits, 10Twenty pillars of brass with their sockets, the heads of the pillars, and the whole graving of the work, of silver. 11In like manner at the north side the hangings, the pillars, and the sockets and heads of the pillars were of the same measure, and work and metal. 12But on that side that looketh to the west, there were hangings of fifty cubits, ten pillars of brass with their sockets, and the heads of the pillars, and all the graving of the work, of silver. 13Moreover towards the east he prepared hangings of fifty cubits: 14Fifteen cubits of which were on one side with three pillars, and their sockets: 15And on the other side (for between the two he made the entry of the tabernacle) there were hangings equally of fifteen cubits, and three pillars, and as many sockets. 16All the hangings of the court were woven with twisted linen. 17The sockets of the pillars were of brass, and their heads with all their gravings of silver: and he overlaid the pillars of the court also with silver. 18And he made in the entry thereof an embroidered hanging of violet, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen, that was twenty cubits long, and five cubits high according to the measure of all the hangings of the court. 19And the pillars in the entry were four with sockets of brass, and their heads and gravings of silver. 20The pins also of the tabernacle and of the court round about he made of brass. 21These are the instruments of the tabernacle of the testimony, which were counted according to the commandment of Moses, in the ceremonies of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest: 22Which Beseleel the son of Uri the son of Hur of the tribe of Juda had made as the Lord commanded by Moses, 23Having for his companion Ooliab the son of Achisamech of the tribe of Dan: who also was an excellent artificer in wood, and worker in tapestry and embroidery in violet, purple, scarlet, and fine linen. 24All the gold that was spent in the work of the sanctuary, and that was offered in gifts was nine and twenty talents, and seven hundred and thirty sicles according to the standard of the sanctuary. 25And it was offered by them that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upwards, of six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty men able to bear arms. 26There were moreover a hundred talents of silver, whereof were cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and of the entry where the veil hangeth. 27A hundred sockets were made of a hundred talents, one talent being reckoned for every socket. 28And of the thousand seven hundred and seventy-five he made the heads of the pillars, which also he overlaid with silver. 29And there were offered of brass also seventy-two thousand talents, and four hundred sicles besides. 30Of which were cast the sockets in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony, and the altar of brass with the grate thereof, and all the vessels that belong to the use thereof. 31And the sockets of the court as well round about as in the entry thereof, and the pins of the tabernacle and of the court round about.

Chapter 39

1And he made, of violet and purple, scarlet and fine linen, the vestments for Aaron to wear when he ministered in the holy places, as the Lord commanded Moses. 2So he made an ephod of gold, violet, and purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen. 3With embroidered work: and he cut thin plates of gold, and drew them small into threads, that they might be twisted with the woof of the aforesaid colours, 4And two borders coupled one to the other in the top on either side, 5And a girdle of the same colours, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 6He prepared also two onyx stones, fast set and closed in gold, and graven by the art of a lapidary, with the names of the children of Israel: 7And he set them in the sides of the ephod for a memorial of the children of Israel, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 8He made also a rational with embroidered work, according to the work of the ephod, of gold, violet, purple, and scarlet twice dyed, and fine twisted linen, 9Foursquare, double, of the measure of a span. 10And he set four rows of precious stones in it. In the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and emerald. 11In the second, a carbuncle, a sapphire, and a jasper. 12In the third, a ligurius, an agate, and an amethyst. 13In the fourth, a chrysolite, an onyx, and a beryl, set and enclosed in gold by their rows. 14And the twelve stones were engraved with the names of the twelve tribes of Israel, each one with its several name. 15They made also in the rational little chains linked one to another of the purest gold, 16And two hooks, and as many rings of gold. And they set the rings on either side of the rational, 17On which rings the two golden chains should hang, which they put into the hooks that stood out in the corners of the ephod. 18These both before and behind so answered one another, that the ephod and the rational were bound together, 19Being fastened to the girdle and strongly coupled with rings, which a violet fillet joined, lest they should flag loose, and be moved one from the other, as the Lord commanded Moses. 20They made also the tunick of the ephod all of violet, 21And a hole for the head in the upper part at the middle, and a woven border round about the hole: 22And beneath at the feet pomegranates of violet, purple, scarlet, and fine twisted linen: 23And little bells of the purest gold, which they put between the pomegranates at the bottom of the tunick round about: 24To wit, a bell of gold, and a pomegranate, wherewith the high priest went adorned, when he discharged his ministry, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 25They made also fine linen tunicks with woven work for Aaron and his sons: 26And mitres with their little crowns of fine linen: 27And linen breeches of fine linen: 28And a girdle of fine twisted linen, violet, purple, and scarlet twice dyed, of embroidery work, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 29They made also the plate of sacred veneration of the purest gold, and they wrote on it with the engraving of a lapidary, The Holy of the Lord: 30And they fastened it to the mitre with a violet fillet, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 31So all the work of the tabernacle and of the roof of the testimony was finished: and the children of Israel did all things which the Lord had commanded Moses. 32And they offered the tabernacle and the roof and the whole furniture, the rings, the boards, the bars, the pillars, and their sockets, 33The cover of rams' skins dyed red, and the other cover of violet skins, 34The veil, the ark, the bars, the propitiatory, 35The table, with the vessels thereof, and the loaves of proposition: 36The candlestick, the lamps, and the furniture of them with the oil: 37The altar of gold, and the ointment, and the incense of spices: 38And the hanging in the entry of the tabernacle: 39The altar of brass, the grate, the bars, and all the vessels thereof: the laver with the foot thereof: the hangings of the court, and the pillars with their sockets: 40The hanging in the entry of the court, and the little cords, and the pins thereof. Nothing was wanting of the vessels, that were commanded to be made for the ministry of the tabernacle, and for the roof of the covenant. 41The vestments also, which the priests, to wit, Aaron and his sons, used in the sanctuary, 42The children of Israel offered as the Lord had commanded. 43And when Moses saw all things finished, he blessed them.

Chapter 40

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2The first month, the first day of the month, thou shalt set up the tabernacle of the testimony, 3And shalt put the ark in it, and shalt let down the veil before it: 4And thou shalt bring in the table, and set upon it the things that are commanded according to the rite. The candlestick shall stand with its lamps, 5And the altar of gold whereon the incense is burnt, before the ark of the testimony. Thou shalt put the hanging in the entry of the tabernacle, 6And before it the altar of holocaust: 7The laver between the altar and the tabernacle, and thou shalt fill it with water. 8And thou shalt encompass the court with hangings, and the entry thereof. 9And thou shalt take the oil of unction and anoint the tabernacle with its vessels, that they may be sanctified: 10The altar of holocaust and all its vessels: 11The laver with its foot: thou shalt consecrate all with the oil of unction, that they may be most holy. 12And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and having washed them with water, 13Thou shalt put on them the holy vestments, that they may minister to me, and that the unction of them may prosper to an everlasting priesthood. 14And Moses did all that the Lord had commanded. 15So in the first month of the second year, the first day of the month, the tabernacle was set up. 16And Moses reared it up, and placed the boards and the sockets and the bars, and set up the pillars, 17And spread the roof over the tabernacle, putting over it a cover, as the Lord had commanded. 18And he put the testimony in the ark, thrusting bars underneath, and the oracle above. 19And when he had brought the ark into the tabernacle, he drew the veil before it to fulfil the commandment of the Lord. 20And he set the table in the tabernacle of the testimony at the north side without the veil, 21Setting there in order the loaves of proposition, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22He set the candlestick also in the tabernacle of the testimony over against the table on the south side, 23Placing the lamps in order, according to the precept of the Lord. 24He set also the altar of gold under the roof of the testimony over against the veil, 25And burnt upon it the incense of spices, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 26And he put also the hanging in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony, 27And the altar of holocaust of the entry of the testimony, offering the holocaust, and the sacrifices upon it, as the Lord had commanded. 28And he set the laver between the tabernacle of the testimony and the altar, filling it with water. 29And Moses and Aaron, and his sons washed their hands and feet, 30When they went into the tabernacle of the covenant, and went to the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 31He set up also the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, drawing the hanging in the entry thereof. After all things were perfected, 32The cloud covered the tabernacle of the testimony, and the glory of the Lord filled it. 33Neither could Moses go into the tabernacle of the covenant, the cloud covering all things and the majesty of the Lord shining, for the cloud had covered all. 34If at any time the cloud removed from the tabernacle, the children of Israel went forward by their troops: 35If it hung over, they remained in the same place. 36For the cloud of the Lord hung over the tabernacle by day, and a fire by night, in the sight of all the children of Israel throughout all their mansions.

The Book of Leviticus

This Book is called LEVITICUS, because it treats of the Offices, Ministries, Rites and Ceremonies of the Priests and Levites. The Hebrews call it VAICRA, from the word with which it begins.

Chapter 1

1And the Lord called Moses, and spoke to him from the tabernacle of the testimony, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man among you that shall offer to the Lord a sacrifice of the cattle, that is, offering victims of oxen and sheep, 3If his offering be a holocaust, and of the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish, at the door of the testimony, to make the Lord favourable to him: 4And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim, and it shall be acceptable, and help to its expiation. 5And he shall immolate the calf before the Lord, and the priests the sons of Aaron shall offer the blood thereof, pouring it round about the altar, which is before the door of the tabernacle. 6And when they have flayed the victim, they shall cut the joints into pieces, 7And shall put fire on the altar, having before laid in order a pile of wood: 8And they shall lay the parts that are cut out in order thereupon, to wit, the head, and all things that cleave to the liver, 9The entrails and feet being washed with water: and the priest shall burn them upon the altar for a holocaust, and a sweet savour to the Lord. 10And if the offering be of the hocks, a holocaust of sheep or of goats, he shall offer a male without blemish: 11And he shall immolate it at the side of the altar that looketh to the north, before the Lord: but the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof upon the altar round about: 12And they shall divide the joints, the head, and all that cleave to the liver: and shall lay them upon the wood, under which the fire is to be put: 13But the entrails and the feet they shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer it all and burn it all upon the altar for a holocaust, and most sweet savour to the Lord. 14But if the oblation of a holocaust to the Lord be of birds, of turtles, or of young pigeons, 15The priest shall offer it at the altar: and twisting back the neck, and breaking the place of the wound, he shall make the blood run down upon the brim of the altar. 16But the crop of the throat, and the feathers he shall cast beside the altar at the east side, in the place where the ashes are wont to be poured out, 17And he shall break the pinions thereof, and shall not cut, nor divide it with a knife, and shall burn it upon the altar, putting fire under the wood. It is a holocaust and oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord.

Chapter 2

1When any one shall offer an oblation of sacrifice to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour, and he shall pour oil upon it, and put frankincense, 2And shall bring it to the sons of Aaron the priests: and one of them shall take a handful of the flour and oil, and all the frankincense, and shall put it a memorial upon the altar for a most sweet savour to the Lord. 3And the remnant of the sacrifice shall be Aaron's, and his sons', holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord. 4But when thou offerest a sacrifice baked in the oven of flour, to wit, loaves without leaven, tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers, anointed with oil: 5If thy oblation be from the fryingpan, of flour tempered with oil, and without leaven, 6Thou shalt divide it into little pieces, and shalt pour oil upon it. 7And if the sacrifice be from the gridiron, in like manner the flour shall be tempered with oil: 8And when thou offerest it to the Lord, thou shalt deliver it to the hands of the priest. 9And when he hath offered it, he shall take a memorial out of the sacrifice, and burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour to the Lord. 10And whatsoever is left, shall be Aaron's, and his sons', holy of holies of the offerings of the Lord. 11Every oblation that is offered to the Lord shall be made without leaven, neither shall any leaven or honey be burnt in the sacrifice to the Lord. 12You shall offer only the firstfruits of them and gifts: but they shall not be put upon the altar, for a savour of sweetness, 13Whatsoever sacrifice thou offerest, thou shalt season it with salt, neither shalt thou take away the salt of the covenant of thy God from thy sacrifice. In all thy oblations thou shalt offer salt. 14But if thou offer a gift of the firstfruits of thy corn to the Lord, of the ears yet green, thou shalt dry it at the fire, and break it small like meal, and so shalt thou offer thy firstfruits to the Lord, 15Pouring oil upon it and putting on frankincense, because it is the oblation of the Lord. 16Whereof the priest shall burn for a memorial of the gift, part of the corn broken small and of the oil, and all the frankincense.

Chapter 3

1And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offerings, and he will offer of the herd, whether male or female, he shall offer them without blemish before the Lord. 2And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his victim, which shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony, and the sons of Aaron the priests shall pour the blood round about upon the altar. 3And they shall offer of the sacrifice of peace offerings, for an oblation to the Lord, the fat that covereth the entrails, and all the fat that is within. 4The two kidneys with the fat wherewith the flanks are covered, and the caul of the liver with the two little kidneys. 5And they shall burn them upon the altar, for a holocaust, putting fire under the wood: for an oblation of most sweet savour to the Lord. 6But if his oblation and the sacrifice of peace offering be of the flock, whether he offer male or female, they shall be without blemish. 7If he offer a lamb before the Lord, 8He shall put his hand upon the head of his victim: and it shall be slain in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony: and the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 9And they shall offer of the victim of peace offerings a sacrifice to the Lord: the fat and the whole rump, 10With the kidneys, and the fat that covereth the belly and all the vitals and both the little kidneys, with the fat that is about the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 11And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of the fire, and of the oblation of the Lord. 12If his offering be a goat, and he offer it to the Lord, 13He shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and shall immolate it in the entry of the tabernacle of the testimony. And the sons of Aaron shall pour the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 14And they shall take of it for the food of the Lord's fire, the fat that covereth the belly, and that covereth all the vital parts : 15The two little kidneys with the caul that is upon them which is by the flanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys: 16And the priest shall burn them upon the altar, for the food of the fire, and of a most sweet savour. All the fat shall be the Lord's. 17By a perpetual law for your generations, and in all your habitations: neither blood nor fat shall you eat at all.

Chapter 4

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Say to the children of Israel: The soul that sinneth through ignorance, and doth any thing concerning any of the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded not to be done: 3If the priest that is anointed shall sin, making the people to offend, he shall offer to the Lord for his sin a calf without blemish. 4And he shall bring it to the door of the testimony before the Lord, and shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall sacrifice it to the Lord. 5He shall take also of the blood of the calf, and carry it into the tabernacle of the testimony. 6And having dipped his finger in the blood, he shall sprinkle with it seven times before the Lord, before the veil of the sanctuary. 7And he shall put some of the same blood upon the horns of the altar of the sweet incense most acceptable to the Lord, which is in the tabernacle of the testimony. And he shall pour all the rest of the blood at the foot of the altar of holocaust in the entry of the tabernacle. 8And he shall take off the fat of the calf for the sin offering, as well that which covereth the entrails, as all the inwards: 9The two little kidneys, and the caul that is upon them, which is by the hanks, and the fat of the liver with the little kidneys, 10As it is taken off from the calf of the sacrifice of peace offerings, and he shall burn them upon the altar of holocaust. 11But the skin and all the flesh with the head and the feet and the bowels and the dung, 12And the rest of the body he shall carry forth without the camp into a clean place where the ashes are wont to be poured out, and he shall burn them upon a pile of wood, they shall be burnt in the place where the ashes are poured out. 13And if all the multitude of Israel shall be ignorant, and through ignorance shall do that which is against the commandment of the Lord, 14And afterwards shall understand their sin, they shall offer for their sin a calf, and shall bring it to the door of the tabernacle. 15And the ancients of the people shall put their hands upon the head thereof before the Lord. And the calf being immolated in the sight of the Lord, 16The priest that is anointed shall carry of the blood into the tabernacle of the testimony. 17And shall dip his finger in it and sprinkle it seven times before the veil. 18And he shall put of the same blood on the horns of the altar that is before the Lord, in the tabernacle of the testimony: and the rest of the blood he shall pour at the foot of the altar of holocaust, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony. 19And all the fat thereof he shall take off, and shall burn it upon the altar: 20Doing so with this calf, as he did also with that before: and the priest praying for them, the Lord will be merciful unto them. 21But the calf itself he shall carry forth without the camp, and shall burn it as he did the former calf: because it is for the sin of the multitude. 22If a prince shall sin, and through ignorance do any one of the things that the law of the Lord forbiddeth, 23And afterwards shall come to know his sin, he shall offer a buck goat without blemish, a sacrifice to the Lord. 24And he shall put his hand upon the head thereof: and when he hath immolated it in the place where the holocaust is wont to be slain before the Lord, because it is for sin, 25The priest shall dip his finger in the blood of the victim for sin, touching therewith the horns of the altar of holocaust, and pouring out the rest at the foot thereof. 26But the fat he shall burn upon it, as is wont to be done with the victims of peace offerings: and the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin, and it shall be forgiven him. 27And if any one of the people of the land shall sin through ignorance, doing any of those things that by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and offending, 28And shall come to know his sin, he shall offer a she goat without blemish. 29And he shall put his hand upon the head of the victim that is for sin, and shall immolate it in the place of the holocaust. 30And the priest shall take of the blood with his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust, and shall pour out the rest at the foot thereof. 31But taking off all the fat, as is wont to be taken away of the victims of peace offerings, he shall burn it upon the altar, for a sweet savour to the Lord: and he shall pray for him, and it shall be forgiven him. 32But if he offer of the flock a victim for his sin, to wit, an ewe without blemish: 33He shall put his hand upon the head thereof, and shall immolate it in the place where the victims of holocausts are wont to be slain. 34And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and shall touch the horns of the altar of holocaust, and the rest he shall pour out at the foot thereof. 35All the fat also he shall take off, as the fat of the ram that is offered for peace offerings is wont to be taken away: and shall burn it upon the altar, for a burnt sacrifice of the Lord: and he shall pray for him and for his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.

Chapter 5

1If any one sin, and hear the voice of one swearing, and is a witness either because he himself hath seen, or is privy to it: if he do not utter it, he shall bear his iniquity. 2Whosoever toucheth any unclean thing, either that which hath been killed by a beast, or died of itself, or any other creeping thing: and forgetteth his uncleanness, he is guilty, and hath offended: 3And if he touch any thing of the uncleanness of man, according to any uncleanness wherewith he is wont to be defiled, and having forgotten it, come afterwards to know it, he shall be guilty of an offence. 4The person that sweareth, and uttereth with his lips, that he would do either evil or good, and bindeth the same with an oath, and his word, and having forgotten it afterwards understandeth his offence, 5Let him do penance for his sin, 6And offer of the flocks an ewe lamb, or a she goat, and the priest shall pray for him and for his sin: 7But if he be not able to offer a beast, let him offer two turtles, or two young pigeons to the Lord, one for sin, and the other for a holocaust, 8And he shall give them to the priest: who shall offer the first for sin, and twist back the head of it to the little pinions, so that it stick to the neck, and be not altogether broken off. 9And of its blood he shall sprinkle the side of the altar, and whatsoever is left, he shall let it drop at the bottom thereof, because it is for sin. 10And the other he shall burn for a holocaust, as is wont to be done: and the priest shall pray for him, and for his sin, and it shall be forgiven him. 11And if his hand be not able to offer two turtles, or two young pigeons, he shall offer for his sin the tenth part of an ephi of flour. He shall not put oil upon it, nor put any frankincense thereon, because it is for sin: 12And he shall deliver it to the priest: who shall take a handful thereof, and shall burn it upon the altar for a memorial of him that offered it: 13Praying for him and making atonement: but the part that is left, he himself shall have for a gift. 14And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 15If any one shall sin through mistake, transgressing the ceremonies in those things that are sacrificed to the Lord, he shall offer for his offence a ram without blemish out of the flocks, that may be bought for two sicles, according to the weight of the sanctuary: 16And he shall make good the damage itself which he hath done, and shall add the fifth part besides, delivering it to the priest, who shall pray for him, offering the ram, and it shall be forgiven him. 17If any one sin through ignorance, and do one of those things which by the law of the Lord are forbidden, and being guilty of sin, understand his iniquity, 18He shall offer of the hocks a ram without blemish to the priest, according to the measure and estimation of the sin: and the priest shall pray for him, because he did it ignorantly: and it shall be forgiven him, 19Because by mistake he trespassed against the Lord.

Chapter 6

1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Whosoever shall sin, and despising the Lord, shall deny to his neighbour the thing delivered to his keeping, which was committed to his trust; or shall by force extort any thing, or commit oppression; 3Or shall find a thing lost, and denying it, shall also swear falsely, or shall do any other of the many things, wherein men are wont to sin: 4Being convicted of the offence, he shall restore 5All that he would have gotten by fraud, in the principal, and the fifth part besides to the owner, whom he wronged. 6Moreover for his sin he shall offer a ram without blemish out of the flock, and shall give it to the priest, according to the estimation and measure of the offence: 7And he shall pray for him before the Lord, and he shall have forgiveness for every thing in doing of which he hath sinned. 8And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 9Command Aaron and his sons: This is the law of a holocaust: It shall be burnt upon the altar, all night until morning: the fire shall be of the same altar. 10The priest shall be vested with the tunick and the linen breeches, and he shall take up the ashes of that which the devouring fire hath burnt, and putting them beside the altar, 11Shall put off his former vestments, and being clothed with others, shall carry them forth without the camp, and shall cause them to be consumed to dust in a very clean place, 12And the fire on the altar shall always burn, and the priest shall feed it, putting wood on it every day in the morning, and laying on the holocaust, shall burn thereupon the fat of the peace offerings. 13This is the perpetual fire which shall never go out on the altar. 14This is the law of the sacrifice and libations, which the children of Aaron shall offer before the Lord, and before the altar. 15The priest shall take a handful of the flour that is tempered with oil, and all the frankincense that is put upon the flour: and he shall burn it on the altar for a memorial of most sweet odour to the Lord: 16And the part of the flour that is left, Aaron and his sons shall eat, without leaven: and he shall eat it in the holy place of the court of the tabernacle. 17And therefore it shall not be leavened, because part thereof is offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord. It shall be most holy, as that which is offered for sin and for trespass. 18The males only of the race of Aaron shall eat it. It shall be an ordinance everlasting in your generations concerning the sacrifices of the Lord: Every one that toucheth them shall be sanctified. 19And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 20This is the oblation of Aaron, and of his sons, which they must offer to the Lord, in the day of their anointing: They shall offer the tenth part of an ephi of flour for a perpetual sacrifice, half of it in the morning, and half of it in the evening: 21It shall be tempered with oil, and shall be fried in a fryingpan. 22And the priest that rightfully succeedeth his father, shall offer it hot, for a most sweet odour to the Lord, and it shall be wholly burnt on the altar. 23For every sacrifice of the priest shall be consumed with fire, neither shall any man eat thereof. 24And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 25Say to Aaron and his sons: This is the law of the victim for sin: in the place where the holocaust is offered, it shall be immolated before the Lord. It is holy of holies. 26The priest that offereth it, shall eat it in a holy place, in the court of the tabernacle. 27Whatsoever shall touch the flesh thereof, shall be sanctified. If a garment be sprinkled with the blood thereof, it shall be washed in a holy place. 28And the earthen vessel, wherein it was sodden, shall be broken, but if the vessel be of brass, it shall be scoured, and washed with water. 29Every male of the priestly race shall eat of the flesh thereof, because it is holy of holies. 30For the victim that is slain for sin, the blood of which is carried into the tabernacle of the testimony to make atonement in the sanctuary, shall not be eaten, but shall be burnt with fire.

Chapter 7

1This also is the law of the sacrifice for a trespass, it is most holy: 2Therefore where the holocaust is immolated, the victim also for a trespass shall be slain: the blood thereof shall be poured round about the altar. 3They shall offer thereof the rump and the fat that covereth the entrails: 4The two little kidneys, and the fat which is by the flanks, and the caul of the liver with the little kidneys. 5And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the burnt sacrifice of the Lord for a trespass. 6Every male of the priestly race, shall eat this flesh in a holy place, because it is most holy. 7As the sacrifice for sin is offered, so is also that for a trespass: the same shall be the law of both these sacrifices: it shall belong to the priest that offereth it. 8The priest that offereth the victim of holocaust, shall have the skin thereof. 9And every sacrifice of flour that is baked in the oven, and whatsoever is dressed on the gridiron, or in the fryingpan, shall be the priest's that offereth it: 10Whether they be tempered with oil, or dry, all the sons of Aaron shall have one as much as another. 11This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings that is offered to the Lord. 12If the oblation be for thanksgiving, they shall offer leaves without leaven tempered with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and fine flour fried, and cakes tempered and mingled with oil: 13Moreover leaves of leavened bread with the sacrifice of thanks, which is offered for peace offerings: 14Of which one shall be offered to the Lord for firstfruits, and shall be the priest's that shall pour out the blood of the victim. 15And the flesh of it shall be eaten the same day, neither shall any of it remain until the morning. 16If any man by vow, or of his own accord offer a sacrifice, it shall in like manner be eaten the same day: and if any of it remain until the morrow, it is lawful to eat it: 17But whatsoever shall be found on the third day shall be consumed with fire. 18If any man eat of the flesh of the victim of peace offerings on the third day, the oblation shall be of no effect, neither shall it profit the offerer: yea rather whatsoever soul shall defile itself with such meat, shall be guilty of transgression. 19The flesh that hath touched any unclean thing, shall not be eaten, but shall be burnt with fire: he that is clean shall eat of it. 20If any one that is defiled shall eat of the flesh of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which is offered to the Lord, he shall be cut off from his people. 21And he that hath touched the uncleanness of man, or of beast, or of any thing that can defile, and shall eat of such kind of flesh, shall be cut off from his people. 22And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 23Say to the children of Israel: The fat of a sheep, and of an ox, and of a goat you shall not eat. 24The fat of a carcass that hath died of itself, and of a beast that was caught by another beast, you shall have for divers uses. 25If any man eat the fat that should be offered for the burnt sacrifice of the Lord, he shall perish out of his people. 26Moreover you shall not eat the blood of any creature whatsoever, whether of birds or beasts. 27Every one that eateth blood, shall perish from among the people. 28And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 29Speak to the children of Israel, saying: He that offereth a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, let him offer therewith a sacrifice also, that is, the libations thereof. 30He shall hold in his hands the fat of the victim, and the breast: and when he hath offered and consecrated both to the Lord, he shall deliver them to the priest, 31Who shall burn the fat upon the altar, but the breast shall be Aaron's and his sons'. 32The right shoulder also of the victims of peace offerings shall fall to the priest for firstfruits. 33He among the sons of Aaron, that offereth the blood, and the fat, he shall have the right shoulder also for his portion. 34For the breast that is elevated and the shoulder that is separated I have taken of the children of Israel, from off their victims of peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest, and to his sons, by a law for ever, from all the people of Israel. 35This is the anointing of Aaron and his sons, in the ceremonies of the Lord, in the day when Moses offered them, that they might do the office of priesthood, 36And the things that the Lord commanded to be given them by the children of Israel, by a perpetual observance in their generations. 37This is the law of holocaust, and of the sacrifice for sin, and for trespass, and for consecration, and the victims of peace offerings: 38Which the Lord appointed to Moses in mount Sinai, when he commanded the children of Israel, that they should offer their oblations to the Lord in the desert of Sinai.

Chapter 8

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Take Aaron with his sons, their vestments, and the oil of unction, a calf for sin, two rams, a basket with unleavened bread, 3And thou shalt gather together all the congregation to the door of the tabernacle. 4And Moses did as the Lord had commanded. And all the multitude being gathered together before the door of the tabernacle, 5He said: This is the word that the Lord hath commanded to be done. 6And immediately he offered Aaron and his sons: and when he had washed them, 7He vested the high priest with the strait linen garment, girding him with the girdle, and putting on him the violet tunick, and over it he put the ephod, 8And binding it with the girdle, he fitted it to the rational, on which was Doctrine and Truth. 9He put also the mitre upon his head: and upon the mitre over the forehead, he put the plate of gold, consecrated with sanctification, as the Lord had commanded him. 10He took also the oil of unction, with which he anointed the tabernacle, with all the furniture thereof. 11And when he had sanctified and sprinkled the altar seven times, he anointed it, and all the vessels thereof, and the laver with the foot thereof, he sanctified with the oil. 12And he poured it upon Aaron's head, and he anointed and consecrated him : 13And after he had offered his sons, he vested them with linen tunicks, and girded them with girdles, and put mitres on them as the Lord had commanded. 14He offered also the calf for sin: and when Aaron and his sons had put their hands upon the head thereof, 15He immolated it: and took the blood, and dipping his finger in it, he touched the horns of the altar round about. Which being expiated, and sanctified, he poured the rest of the blood at the bottom thereof. 16But the fat that was upon the entrails, and the caul of the liver, and the two little kidneys, with their fat, he burnt upon the altar: 17And the calf with the skin, and the flesh and the dung, he burnt without the camp, as the Lord had commanded. 18He offered also a ram for a holocaust: and when Aaron and his sons had put their hands upon its head, 19He immolated it, and poured the blood thereof round about upon the altar. 20And cutting the ram into pieces, the head thereof, and the joints, and the fat he burnt in the fire, 21Having first washed the entrails, and the feet, and the whole ram together he burnt upon the altar, because it was a holocaust of most sweet odour to the Lord, as he had commanded him. 22He offered also the second ram, in the consecration of priests: and Aaron, and his sons put their hands upon the head thereof: 23And when Moses had immolated it, he took of the blood thereof, and touched the tip of Aaron's right ear, and the thumb of his right hand, and in like manner also the great toe of his right foot. 24He offered also the sons of Aaron: and when with the blood of the ram that was immolated, he had touched the tip of the right ear of every one of them, and the thumbs of their right hands, and the great toes of their right feet, the rest he poured on the altar round about: 25But the fat, and the rump, and all the fat that covereth the entrails, and the caul of the liver, and the two kidneys with their fat, and with the right shoulder, he separated. 26And taking out of the basket; of unleavened bread, which was before the Lord, a loaf without leaven, and a cake tempered with oil and a wafer, he put them upon the fat, and the right shoulder, 27Delivering all to Aaron, and to his sons: wile having lifted them up before the Lord, 28He took them again from their hands, and burnt them upon the altar of holocaust, because it was the oblation of consecration, for a sweet odour of sacrifice to the Lord. 29And he took of the ram of consecration, the breast for his portion, elevating it before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded him. 30And taking the ointment, and the blood that was upon the altar, he sprinkled Aaron, and his vestments, and his sons, and their vestments with it. 31And when he had sanctified them in their vestments, he commanded them, saying: Boil the flesh before the door of the tabernacle, and there eat it. Eat ye also the loaves of consecration, that are laid in the basket, as the Lord commanded me, saying: Aaron and his sons shall eat them: 32And whatsoever shall be left of the flesh and the leaves, shall be consumed with fire. 33And you shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle for seven days, until the day wherein the time of your consecration shall be expired. For in seven days the consecration is finished: 34As at this present it hath been done, that the rite of the sacrifice might be accomplished. 35Day and night shall you remain in the tabernacle observing the watches of the Lord, lest you die: for so it hath been commanded me. 36And Aaron and his sons did all things which the Lord spoke by the hand of Moses.

Chapter 9

1And when the eighth day was come, Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the ancients of Israel, and said to Aaron: 2Take of the herd a calf for sin, and a ram for a holocaust, both without blemish, and offer them before the Lord. 3And to the children of Israel thou shalt say: Take ye a he goat for sin, and a calf, and a lamb, both of a year old, and without blemish for a holocaust, 4Also a bullock and a ram for peace offerings: and immolate them before the Lord, offering for the sacrifice of every one of them flour tempered with oil; for to day the Lord will appear to you. 5They brought therefore all things that Moses had commanded before the door of the tabernacle: where when all the multitude stood, 6Moses said: This is the word, which the Lord hath commanded: do it, and his glory will appear to you. 7And he said to Aaron: Approach to the altar, and offer sacrifice for thy sin: offer the holocaust, and pray for thyself and for the people: and when thou hast slain the people's victim, pray for them, as the Lord hath commanded. 8And forthwith Aaron, approaching to the altar, immolated the calf for his sin: 9And his sons brought him the blood of it: and he dipped his finger therein, and touched the horns of the altar, and poured the rest at the foot thereof. 10And the fat, and the little kidneys, and the caul of the liver, which are for sin, he burnt upon the altar, as the Lord had commanded Moses: 11But the flesh and skins thereof he burnt with fire without the camp. 12He immolated also the victim of holocaust: and his sons brought him the blood thereof, which he poured round about on the altar. 13And the victim being cut into pieces, they brought to him the head and all the members, all which he burnt with fire upon the altar, 14Having first washed the entrails and the feet with water. 15Then offering for the sin of the people, he slew the he goat: and expiating the altar, 16He offered the holocaust: 17Adding in the sacrifice the libations, which are offered withal, and burning them upon the altar, besides the ceremonies of the morning holocaust. 18He immolated also the bullock and the ram, the peace offerings of the people: and his sons brought him the blood, which he poured upon the altar round about. 19The fat also of the bullock, and the rump of the ram, and the two little kidneys, with their fat, and the caul of the liver, 20They put upon the breasts. And after the fat was burnt upon the altar, 21Aaron separated their breasts, and the right shoulders, elevating them before the Lord, as Moses had commanded. 22And stretching forth his hands to the people, he blessed them. And so the victims for sin, and the holocausts, and the peace offerings being finished, he came down. 23And Moses and Aaron went into the tabernacle of the testimony, and afterwards came forth and blessed the people. And the glory of the Lord appeared to all the multitude: 24And behold a fire, coming forth from the Lord, devoured the holocaust, and the fat that was upon the altar: which when the multitude saw, they praised the Lord, falling on their faces.

Chapter 10

1And Nadab and Abiu, the sons of Aaron, taking their censers, put fire therein, and incense on it, offering before the Lord strange fire: which was not commanded them. 2And fire coming out from the Lord destroyed them, and they died before the Lord. 3And Moses said to Aaron: This is what the Lord hath spoken: I will be sanctified in them that approach to me, and I will be glorified in the sight of all the people. And when Aaron heard this, he held his peace. 4And Moses called Misael and Elisaphan, the sons of Oziel, the uncle of Aaron, and said to them: Go and take away your brethren from before the sanctuary, and carry them without the camp. 5And they went forthwith and took them as they lay, vested with linen tunicks, and cast them forth, as had been commanded them. 6And Moses said to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons: Uncover not your heads, and rend not your garments, lest perhaps you die, and indignation come upon all the congregation. Let your brethren, and all the house of Israel, bewail the burning which the Lord has kindled: 7But you shall not go out of the door of the tabernacle, otherwise you shall perish, for the oil of the holy unction is on you. And they did all things according to the precept of Moses. 8The Lord also said to Aaron: 9You shall not drink wine nor any thing that may make drunk, thou nor thy sons, when you enter into the tabernacle of the testimony, lest you die: because it is an everlasting precept through your generations : 10And that you may have knowledge to discern between holy and unholy, between unclean and clean: 11And may teach the children of Israel all my ordinances which the Lord hath spoken to them by the hand of Moses. 12And Moses spoke to Aaron, and to Eleazar and Ithamar, his sons that were left: Take the sacrifice that is remaining of the oblation of the Lord, and eat it without leaven beside the altar, because it is holy of holies. 13And you shall eat it in a holy place: which is given to thee and thy sons of the oblations of the Lord, as it hath been commanded me. 14The breast also that is offered, and the shoulder that is separated, you shall eat in a most clean place, thou and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee. For they are set aside for thee and thy children, of the victims of peace offerings of the children of Israel: 15Because they have elevated before the Lord the shoulder and the breast, and the fat that is burnt on the altar, and they belong to thee and to thy sons by a perpetual law, as the Lord hath commanded. 16While these things were a doing, when Moses sought for the buck goat, that had been offered for sin, he found it burnt: and being angry with Eleazar and Ithamar, the sons of Aaron that were left, he said: 17Why did you not eat in the holy place the sacrifice for sin, which is most holy, and given to you, that you may bear the iniquity of the people, and may pray for them in the sight of the Lord, 18Especially whereas none of the blood thereof hath been carried within the holy places, and you ought to have eaten it in the sanctuary, as was commanded me? 19Aaron answered: This day hath been offered the victim for sin, and the holocaust before the Lord: and to me what thou seest has happened: how could I eat it, or please the Lord in the ceremonies, having a sorrowful heart? 20Which when Moses had heard he was satisfied.

Chapter 11

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2Say to the children of Israel: These are the animals which you are to eat of all the living things of the earth. 3Whatsoever hath the hoof divided, and cheweth the cud among the beasts, you shall eat. 4But whatsoever cheweth indeed the cud, and hath a hoof, but divideth it not, as the camel, and others, that you shall not eat, but shall reckon it among the unclean. 5The cherogrillus which cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean. 6The hare also: for that too cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof. 7And the swine, which, though it divideth the hoof, cheweth not the cud. 8The flesh of these you shall not eat, nor shall you touch their carcasses, because they are unclean to you. 9These are the things that breed in the waters, and which it is lawful to eat. All that hath fins, and scales, as well in the sea, as in the rivers, and the pools, you shall eat. 10But whatsoever hath not fins and scales, of those things that move and live in the waters, shall be an abomination to you, 11And detestable : their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcasses you shall avoid. 12All that have not fins and scales, in the waters, shall be unclean. 13Of birds these are they which you must not eat, and which are to be avoided by you: The eagle, and the griffon, and the osprey, 14And the kite, and the vulture, according to their kind, 15And all that is of the raven kind, according to their likeness. 16The ostrich, and the owl, and the larus, and the hawk according to its kind. 17The screech owl, and the cormorant, and the ibis, 18And the swan, and the bittern, and the porphyrion, 19The heron, and the charadrion according to its kind, the houp also, and the bat. 20Of things that fly, whatsoever goeth upon four feet, shall be abominable to you. 21But whatsoever walketh upon four feet, but hath the legs behind longer, wherewith it hoppeth upon the earth, 22That you shall eat, as the bruchus in its kind, the attacus, and ophiomachus, and the locust, every one according to their kind. 23But of dying things whatsoever hath four feet only, shall be an abomination to you: 24And whosoever shall touch the carcasses of them, shall be defiled, and shall be unclean until the evening: 25And if it be necessary that he carry any of these things when they are dead, he shall wash his clothes, and shall be unclean until the sun set. 26Every beast that hath a hoof, but divideth it not, nor cheweth the cud, shall be unclean: and he that toucheth it, shall be defiled. 27That which walketh upon hands of all animals which go on all four, shall be unclean: he that shall touch their carcasses shall be defiled until evening. 28And he that shall carry such carcasses, shall wash his clothes, and shall be unclean until evening: because all these things are unclean to you. 29These also shall be reckoned among unclean things, of all that move upon the earth, the weasel, and the mouse, and the crocodile, every one according to their kind: 30The shrew, and the chameleon, and the stello, and the lizard, and the mole: 3131All these are unclean. He that toucheth their carcasses shall be unclean until the evening. 32And upon what thing soever any of their carcasses shall fall, it shall be defiled, whether it be a vessel of wood, or a garment, or skins or haircloths; or any thing in which work is done, they shall be dipped in water, and shall be unclean until the evening, and so afterwards shall be clean. 33But an earthen vessel, into which any of these shall fall, shall be defiled, and therefore is to be broken. 34Any meat which you eat, if water from such a vessel be poured upon it, shall be unclean; and every liquor that is drunk out of any such vessel, shall be unclean. 35And upon whatsoever thing any of these dead beasts shall fall, it shall be unclean: whether it be oven, or pots with feet, they shall be destroyed, and shall be unclean. 36But fountains and cisterns, and all gatherings together of waters shall be clean. He that toucheth their carcasses shall be defiled. 37If it fall upon seed corn, it shall not defile it. 38But if any man pour water upon the seed, and afterwards it be touched by the carcasses, it shall be forthwith defiled. 39If any beast die, of which it is lawful for you to eat, he that toucheth the carcass thereof, shall be unclean until the evening: 40And he that eateth or carrieth any thing thereof, shall wash his clothes, and shall be unclean until the evening. 4141All that creepeth upon the earth shall be abominable, neither shall it be taken for meat. 42Whatsoever goeth upon the breast on four feet, or hath many feet, or traileth on the earth, you shall not eat, because it is abominable. 43Do not defile your souls, nor touch aught thereof, lest you be unclean, 44For I am the Lord your God: be holy because I am holy. Defile not your souls by any creeping thing, that moveth upon the earth. 45For I am the Lord, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might be your God. 46You shall be holy, because I am holy. This is the law of beasts and fowls, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and creepeth on the earth: 47That you may know the differences of the clean, and unclean, and know what you ought to eat, and what to refuse.

Chapter 12

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: If a woman having received seed shall bear a man child, she shall be unclean seven days, according to the days of the separation of her flowers. 3And on the eighth day the infant shall be circumcised: 4But she shall remain three and thirty days in the blood of her purification. She shall touch no holy thing, neither shall she enter into the sanctuary, until the days of her purification be fulfilled. 5But if she shall bear a maid child, she shall be unclean two weeks, according to the custom of her monthly courses, and she shall remain in the blood of her purification sixty-six days. 6And when the days of her purification are expired, for a son, or for a daughter, she shall bring to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, a lamb of a year old for a holocaust, and a young pigeon or a turtle for sin, and shall deliver them to the priest: 7Who shall offer them before the Lord, and shall pray for her, and so she shall be cleansed from the issue of her blood. This is the law for her that beareth a man child or a maid child. 8And if her hand find not sufficiency, and she is not able to offer a lamb, she shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, one for a holocaust, and another for sin: and the priest shall pray for her, and so she shall be cleansed.

Chapter 13

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2The man in whose skin or flesh shalt arise a different colour or a blister, or as it were something shining, that is, the stroke of the leprosy, shall be brought to Aaron the priest, or any one of his sons. 3And if he see the leprosy in his skin, and the hair turned white, and the place where the leprosy appears lower than the skin and the rest of the flesh: it is the stroke of the leprosy, and upon his judgment he shall be separated. 4But if there be a shining whiteness in the skin, and not lower than the other flesh, and the hair be of the former colour, the priest shall shut him up seven days. 5And the seventh day he shall look on him: and if the leprosy be grown no farther, and hath not spread itself in the skin, he shall shut him up again other seven days. 6And on the seventh day, he shall look on him: if the leprosy be somewhat obscure, and not spread in the skin, he shall declare him clean, because it is but a scab: and the man shall wash his clothes, and shall be clean. 7But if the leprosy grow again, after he was seen by the priest and restored to cleanness, he shall be brought to him, 8And shall be condemned of uncleanness. 9If the stroke of the leprosy be in a man, he shall be brought to the priest, 10And he shall view him. And when there shall be a white colour in the skin, and it shall have changed the look of the hair, and the living flesh itself shall appear: 11It shall be judged an inveterate leprosy, and grown into the skin. The priest therefore shall declare him unclean, and shall not shut him up, because he is evidently unclean. 12But if the leprosy spring out running about in the skin, and cover all the skin from the head to the feet, whatsoever falleth under the sight of the eyes, 13The priest shall view him, and shall judge that the leprosy which he has is very clean: because it is all turned into whiteness, and therefore the man shall be clean. 14But when the live flesh shall appear in him, 15Then by the judgment of the priest he shall be defiled, and shall be reckoned among the unclean: for live flesh, if it be spotted with leprosy, is unclean. 16And if again it be turned into whiteness, and cover all the man, 17The priest shall view him, and shall judge him to be clean. 18When also there has been an ulcer in the flesh and the skin, and it has been healed, 19And in the place of the ulcer, there appeareth a white scar, or somewhat red, the man shall be brought to the priest: 20And when he shall see the place of the leprosy lower than the other flesh, and the hair turned white, he shall declare him unclean, for the plague of leprosy is broken out in the ulcer. 21But if the hair be of the former colour, and the scar somewhat obscure, and be not lower than the flesh that is near it, he shall shut him up seven days. 22And if it spread, he shall judge him to have the leprosy: 23But if it stay in its place, it is but the scar of an ulcer, and the man shall be clean. 24The flesh also and skin that hath been burnt, and after it is healed hath a white or a red scar, 25The priest shall view it, and if he see it turned white, and the place thereof is lower than the other skin: he shall declare him unclean, because the evil of leprosy is broken out in the scar. 26But if the colour of the hair be not changed, nor the blemish lower than the other flesh, and the appearance of the leprosy be somewhat obscure, he shall shut him up seven days, 27And on the seventh day he shall view him: if the leprosy be grown farther in the skin, he shall declare him unclean. 28But if the whiteness stay in its place, and be not very clear, it is the sore of a burning, and therefore he shall be cleansed, because it is only the scar of a burning. 29If the leprosy break out in the head or the beard of a man or woman, the Priest shall see them, 30And if the place be lower than the other flesh, and the hair yellow, and thinner than usual: he shall declare them unclean, because it is the leprosy of the head and the beard; 31But if he perceive the place of the spot is equal with the flesh that is near it, and the hair black: he shall shut him up seven days, 32And on the seventh day he shall look upon it. If the spot be not grown, and the hair keep its colour, and the place of the blemish be even with the other flesh: 33The man shall be shaven all but the place of the spot, and he shall be shut up other seven days: 34If on the seventh day the evil seem to have stayed in its place, and not lower than the other flesh, he shall cleanse him, and his clothes being washed he shall be clean. 35But if after his cleansing the spot spread again in the skin, 36He shall seek no more whether the hair be turned yellow, because he is evidently unclean. 37But if the spot be stayed, and the hair be black, let him know that the man is healed, and let him confidently pronounce him clean. 38If a whiteness appear in the skin of a man or a woman, 39The priest shall view them. If he find that a darkish whiteness shineth in the skin, let him know that it is not the leprosy, but a white blemish, and that the man is clean. 40The man whose hair falleth off from his head, he is bald and clean: 41And if the hair fall from his forehead, he is bald before and clean. 42But if in the bald head or in the bald forehead there be risen a white or reddish colour, 43And the priest perceive this, he shall condemn him undoubtedly of leprosy which is risen in the bald part. 44Now whosoever shall be defiled with the leprosy, and is separated by the judgment of the priest, 45Shall have his clothes hanging loose, his head bare, his mouth covered with a cloth, and he shall cry out that he is defiled and unclean. 46All the time that he is a leper and unclean, he shall dwell alone without the camp. 47A woollen or linen garment that shall have the leprosy 48In the warp, and the woof, or a skin. or whatsoever is made of a skin, 49If it be infected with a white or red spot, it shall be accounted the leprosy, and shall be shewn to the priest. 50And he shall look upon it and shall shut it up seven days: 5151And on the seventh day when he looketh on it again, if he find that it if grown, it is a Axed leprosy: he shall judge the garment unclean, and every thing wherein it shall be found: 52And therefore it shall be burnt with fire. 53But if he see that it is not grown, 54He shall give orders, and they shall wash that part wherein the leprosy is, and he shall shut it up other seven days. 55And when he shall see that the former colour is not returned, nor yet the leprosy spread, he shall judge it unclean, and shall burn it with fire, for the leprosy has taken hold of the outside of the garment, or through the whole. 56But if the place of the leprosy be somewhat dark, after the garment is washed, he shall tear it off, and divide it from that which is sound. 57And if after this there appear in those places that before were without spot, a flying and wandering leprosy: it must be burnt with fire. 58If it cease, he shall wash with water the parts that are pure, the second time, and they shall be clean. 59This is the law touching the leprosy of any woollen or linen garment, either in the warp or woof, or any thing of skins, how it ought to be cleansed, or pronounced unclean.

Chapter 14

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2This is the rite of a leper, when he is to be cleansed: he shall be brought to the priest: 3Who going out of the camp when he shall And that the leprosy is cleansed, 4Shall command him that is to be purified, to offer for himself two living sparrows, which it is lawful to eat, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop. 5And he shall command one of the sparrows to be immolated in an earthen vessel over living waters: 6But the other that is alive he shall dip, with the cedar wood, and the scarlet and the hyssop, in the blood of the sparrow that is immolated: 7Wherewith he shall sprinkle him that is to be cleansed seven times, that he may be rightly purified: and he shall let go the living sparrow, that it may fly into the field. 8And when the man hath washed his clothes, he shall shave all the hair of his body, and shall be washed with water: and being purified, he shall enter into the camp, yet so that he tarry without his own tent seven days: 9And on the seventh day he shall shave the hair of his head, and his beard and his eyebrows, and the hair of all his body. And having washed again his clothes, and his body, 10On the eighth day he shall take two lambs without blemish, and an ewe of a year old without blemish, and three tenths of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice, and a sextary of oil apart. 11And when the priest that purifieth the man, hath presented him, and all these things before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, 12He shall take a. lamb, and offer it for a trespass offering with the sextary of oil: and having offered all before the Lord, 13He shall immolate the lamb, where the victim for sin is wont to be immolated, and the holocaust, that is, in the holy place: for as that which is for sin, so also the victim for a trespass offering pertaineth to the priest: it is holy of holies. 14And the priest taking of the blood of the victim that was immolated for trespass, shall put it upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot: 15And he shall pour of the sextary of oil into his own left. hand, 16And shall dip his right finger in it, and sprinkle it before the Lord seven times. 17And the rest of the oil in his left band, he shall pour upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot, and upon the blood that was shed for trespass, 18And upon his head. 19And he shall pray for him before the Lord, and shall offer the sacrifice for sin: then shall he immolate the holocaust, 20And put it on the altar with the libations thereof, and the man shall be rightly cleansed. 21But if he be poor, and his hand cannot find the things aforesaid: he shall take a lamb for an offering for trespass, that the priest may pray for him, and a tenth part of hour tempered with oil for a sacrifice, and a sextary of oil, 22And two turtles or two young pigeons, of which one may be for sin, and the other for a holocaust: 23And he shall offer them on the eighth day of his purification to the priest, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony before the Lord. 24And the priest receiving the lamb for trespass, and the sextary of oil, shall elevate them together. 25And the lamb being immolated, he shall put of the blood thereof upon the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and upon the thumb of his right hand, and the great toe of his right foot: 26But he shall pour part of the oil into his own left hand, 27And dipping the finger of his right hand in it, he shall sprinkle it seven times before the Lord: 28And he shall touch the tip of the right ear of him that is cleansed, and the thumb of his right hand and the great toe of his right foot, in the place of the blood that was shed for trespass. 29And the other part of the oil that is in his left hand, he shall pour upon the head of the purified person, that he may appease the Lord for him. 30And he shall offer a turtle, or young pigeon, 31One for trespass, and the other for a holocaust, with their libations. 32This is the sacrifice of a leper, that is not able to have all things that appertain to his cleansing. 33And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 34When you shall be come into the land of Chanaan, which I will give you for a possession, if there be the plague of leprosy in a house, 35He whose house it is, shall go and tell the priest, saying: It seemeth to me, that there is the plague of leprosy in my house, 36And he shall command, that they carry forth all things out of the house, before he go into it, and see whether it have the leprosy, lest all things become unclean that are in the house. And afterwards he shall go in to view the leprosy of the house. 37And if he see in the walls thereof as it were little dints, disfigured with paleness or redness, and lower than all the rest, 38He shall go out of the door of the house, and forthwith shut it up seven days, 39And returning on the seventh day, he shall look upon it. If he find that the leprosy is spread, 40He shall command, that the stones wherein the leprosy is, be taken out, and cast without the city into an unclean place: 41And that the house be scraped on the inside round about, and the dust of the scraping be scattered without the city into an unclean place: 42And that other stones be laid in the place of them that were taken away, and the house be plastered with other mortar. 43But if, after the stones be taken out, and the dust scraped off, and it be plastered with other earth, 44The priest going in perceive that the leprosy is returned, and the walls full of spots, it is a lasting leprosy, and the house is unclean: 45And they shall destroy it forthwith, and shall cast the stones and timber thereof, and all the dust without the town into an unclean place. 46He that entereth into the house when it is shut, shall be unclean until evening, 47And he that sleepeth in it, and eateth any thing, shall wash his clothes. 48But if the priest going in perceive that the leprosy is not spread in the house, after it was plastered again, he shall purify it, it being cured, 49And for the purification thereof he shall take two sparrows, and cedar wood, and scarlet, and hyssop: 50And having immolated one sparrow In an earthen vessel over living waters, 51He shall take the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living sparrow, and shall dip all in the blood of the sparrow that is immolated, and in the living water, and he shall sprinkle the house seven times: 52And shall purify it as well with the blood of the sparrow, as with the living water, and with the living sparrow, and with the cedar wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet. 53And when he hath let go the sparrow to fly freely away into the field, he shall pray for the house, and it shall be rightly cleansed. 54This is the law of every kind of leprosy and stroke. 55Of the leprosy of garments and houses, 56Of a scar and of blisters breaking out, of a shining spot, and when the colours are diversely changed: 57That it may be known when a thing is clean or unclean.

Chapter 15

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: The man that hath an issue of seed, shall be unclean. 3And then shall he be judged subject to this evil, when a filthy humour, at every moment, cleaveth to his flesh, and gathereth there. 4Every bed on which he sleepeth, shall be unclean, and every place on which he sitteth. 5If ally man touch his bed, he shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 6If a man sit where that man hath sitten, he also shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 7He that toucheth his flesh, shall wash his clothes: and being himself washed with water shall be unclean until the evening. 8If such a man cast his spittle upon him that is clean, he shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 9The saddle on which he hath sitten shall be unclean. 10And whatsoever has been under him that hath the issue of seed, shall be unclean until the evening. He that carrieth any of these things, shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, he shall be unclean until the evening. 11Every person whom such a one shall touch, not having washed his hands before, shall wash his clothes: and being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 12If he touch a vessel of earth, it shall be broken: but if a vessel of wood, if shall be washed with water. 13If he who suffereth this disease be healed, he shall number seven days after his cleansing, and having washed his clothes, and all his body in living water, he shall be clean. 14And on the eighth day he shall take two turtles, or two young pigeons, and he shall come before the Lord, to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and shall give them to the priest: 15Who shall offer one for sin, and the other for a holocaust: and he shall pray for him before the Lord, that he may be cleansed of the issue of his seed. 16The man from whom the seed of copulation goeth out, shall wash all his body with water: and he shall be unclean until the evening. 17The garment or skin that he weareth, he shall wash with water, and it shall be unclean until the evening. 18The woman, with whom he copulateth, shall be washed with water, and shall be unclean until the evening. 19The woman, who at the return of the month, hath her issue of blood, shall be separated seven days. 20Every one that toucheth her, shall be unclean until the evening. 2121And every thing that she sleepeth on, or that she sitteth on in the days of her separation, shall be defiled. 22He that toucheth her bed shall wash his clothes: and being himself washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 23Whosoever shall touch any vessel on which she sitteth, shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed with water, shall be defiled until the evening. 24If a man copulateth with her in the time of her flowers, he shall be unclean seven days: and every bed on which he shall sleep shall be defiled. 25The woman that hath an issue of blood many days out of her ordinary time, or that ceaseth not to flow after the monthly courses, as long as she is subject to this disease, shall be unclean, in the same manner as if she were in her flowers. 26Every bed on which she sleepeth, and every vessel on which she sitteth, shall be defiled. 27Whosoever toucheth them shall wash his clothes: and himself being washed with water, shall be unclean until the evening. 28If the blood stop and cease to run, she shall count seven days of her purification: 29And on the eighth day she shall offer for herself to the priest, two turtles, or two young pigeons, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: 30And he shall offer one for sin, and the other for a holocaust, and he shall pray for her before the Lord, and for the issue of her uncleanness. 31You shall teach therefore the children of Israel to take heed of uncleanness, that they may not die in their filth, when they shall have defiled my tabernacle that is among them. 32This is the law of him that hath the issue of seed, and that is defiled by copulation. 33And of the woman that is separated in her monthly times, or that hath a continual issue of blood, and of the man that sleepeth with her.

Chapter 16

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, after the death of the two sons of Aaron, when they were slain upon their offering strange fire: 2And he commanded him, saying, Speak to Aaron thy brother, that he enter not at all into the sanctuary, which is within the veil before the propitiatory, with which the ark is covered, lest he die, (for I will appear in a cloud over the oracle,) 3Unless he first do these things: He shall offer a calf for sin, and a ram for a holocaust. 4He shall be vested with a linen tunick, he shall cover his nakedness with linen breeches: he shall be girded with a linen girdle, and he shall put a linen mitre upon his head: for these are holy vestments: all which he shall put on, after he is washed. 5And he shall receive from the whole multitude of the children of Israel two buck goats for sin, and one ram for a holocaust. 6And when he hath offered the calf and prayed for himself, and for his own house, 7He shall make the two buck goats to stand before the Lord in the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: 8And casting lots upon them both, one to be offered to the Lord, and the other to be the emissary goat: 9That whose lot fell to be offered to the Lord, he shall offer for sin: 10But that whose lot was to be the emissary goat, he shall present alive before the Lord, that he may pour out prayers upon him, and let him go into the wilderness. 11After these things are duly celebrated, he shall offer the calf, and praying for himself and for his own house, he shall immolate it: 12And taking the censer, which he hath filled with the burning coals of the altar, and taking up with his hand the compounded perfume for incense, he shall go in within the veil into the holy place: 13That when the perfumes are put upon the fire, the cloud and vapour thereof may cover the oracle, which is over the testimony, and he may not die. 14He shall take also of the blood of the calf, and sprinkle with his finger seven times towards the propitiatory to the east. 15And when he hath killed the buck goat for the sin of the people, he shall carry in the blood thereof within the veil, as he was commanded to do with the blood of the calf, that he may sprinkle it over against the oracle, 16And may expiate the sanctuary from the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and from their transgressions, and all their sins. According to this rite shall he do to the tabernacle of the testimony, which is fixed among them in the midst of the filth of their habitation. 17Let no man be in the tabernacle when the high priest goeth into the sanctuary, to pray for himself and his house, and for the whole congregation of Israel, until he come out. 18And when he is come out to the altar that is before the Lord, let him pray for himself, and taking the blood of the calf, and of the buck goat, let him pour it upon the horns thereof round about: 19And sprinkling with his finger seven times, let him expiate, and sanctify it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel. 20After he hath cleansed the sanctuary, and the tabernacle, and the altar, then let him offer the living goat: 21And putting both hands upon his head, let him confess all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their offences and sins: and praying that they may light on his head, he shall turn him out by a man ready for it, into the desert. 22And when the goat hath carried all their iniquities into an uninhabited land, and shall be let go into the desert, 23Aaron shall return into the tabernacle of the testimony, and putting off the vestments, which he had on him before when he entered into the sanctuary, and leaving them there, 24He shall wash his flesh in the holy place, and shall put on his own garments. And after that he has come out and hath offered his own holocaust, and that of the people, he shall pray both for himself, and for the people: 25And the fat that is offered for sins, he shall burn upon the altar. 26But he that hath let go the emissary goat, shall wash his clothes, and his body with water, and so shall enter into the camp. 27But the calf and the buck goat, that were sacrificed for sin, and whose blood was carried into the sanctuary, to accomplish the atonement, they shall carry forth without the camp, e and shall burn with fire, their skins and their flesh, and their dung: 28And whosoever burneth them shall wash his clothes, and flesh with water, and so shall enter into the camp. 29And this shall be to you an everlasting ordinance: The seventh month, the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and shall do no work, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth among you. 30Upon this day shall be the expiation for you, and the cleansing from all your sins: you shall be cleansed before the Lord. 31For it is a sabbath of rest, and you shall afflict your souls by a perpetual religion. 32And the priest that is anointed, and whose hands are consecrated to do the office of the priesthood in his father's stead, shall make atonement; and he shall be vested with the linen robe and the holy vestments, 33And he shall expiate the sanctuary and the tabernacle of the testimony and the altar, the priest also and all the people. 34And this shall be an ordinance for ever, that you pray for the children of Israel, and for all their sins once in a year. He did therefore as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Chapter 17

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to Aaron and his sons, and to all the children of Israel, saying to them: This is the word, which the Lord hath commanded, saying: 3Any man whosoever of the house of Israel if he kill an ox, or a sheep, or a goat in the camp, or without the camp, 4And offer it not at the door of the tabernacle an oblation to the Lord, shall be guilty of blood: as if he had shed blood, so shall he perish from the midst of his people. 5Therefore the children of Israel shall bring to the priest their victims, which they kill in the field, that they may be sanctified to the Lord before the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and they may sacrifice them for peace offerings to the Lord. 6And the priest shall pour the blood upon the altar of the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, and shall burn the fat for a sweet odour to the Lord. 7And they shall no more sacrifice their victims to devils, with whom they have committed fornication. It shall be an ordinance for ever to them and to their posterity. 8And thou shalt say to them: The man of the house of Israel, and of the strangers who sojourn among you, that offereth a holocaust or a victim, 9And bringeth it not to the door of the tabernacle of the testimony, that it may be offered to the Lord, shall perish from among his people. 10If any man whosoever of the house of Israel, and of the strangers that sojourn among them, eat blood, I will set my face against his soul, and will cut him off from among his people: 11Because the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you, that you may make atonement with it upon the altar for your souls, and the blood may be for an expiation of the soul. 12Therefore I have said to the children of Israel: No soul of you, nor of the strangers that sojourn among you, shall eat blood. 13Any man whosoever of the children of Israel, and of the strangers that sojourn among you, if by hunting or fowling, he take a wild beast or a bird, which is lawful to eat, let him pour out its blood, and cover it with earth. 14For the life of all flesh is in the blood: therefore I said to the children of Israel: You shall not eat the blood of any flesh at all, because the life of the flesh is in the blood, and whosoever eateth it, shall be cut off. 15The soul that eateth that which died of itself, or has been caught by a beast, whether he be one of your own country or a stranger, shall wash his clothes and himself with water, and shall be defiled until the evening: and in this manner he shall be made clean. 16But if he do not wash his clothes, and his body, he shall bear his iniquity.

Chapter 18

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: I am the Lord your God. 3You shall not do according to the custom of the land of Egypt, in which you dwelt: neither shall you act according to the manner of the country of Chanaan, into which I will bring you, nor shall you walk in their ordinances. 4You shall do my judgments, and shall observe my precepts, and shall walk in them. I am the Lord your God. 5Keep my laws and my judgments, which if a man do, he shall live in them. I am the Lord. 6No man shall approach to her that is near of kin to him, to uncover her nakedness. I am the Lord. 7Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father, or the nakedness of thy mother: she is thy mother, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. 8Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's wife: for it is the nakedness of thy father. 9Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy sister by father or by mother, whether born at home or abroad. 10Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy son's daughter, or thy daughter's daughter: because it is thy own nakedness. 11Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's wife's daughter, whom she bore to thy father, and who is thy sister. 12Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's sister: because she is the flesh of thy father. 13Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy mother's sister: because she is thy mother's flesh. 14Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy father's brother: neither shalt thou approach to his wife, who is joined to thee by affinity. 15Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy daughter in law: because she is thy son's wife, neither shalt thou discover her shame. 16Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brother's wife: because it is the nakedness of thy brother. 17Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy wife and her daughter. Thou shalt not take her son's daughter or her daughter's daughter, to discover her shame: because they are her flesh, and such copulation is incest. 18Thou shalt not take thy wife's sister for a harlot, to rival her, neither shalt thou discover her nakedness, while she is yet living. 19Thou shalt not approach to a woman having her flowers, neither shalt thou uncover her nakedness. 20Thou shalt not lie with thy neighbour's wife, nor be defiled with mingling of seed. 21Thou shalt not give any of thy seed to be consecrated to the idol Moloch, nor defile the name of thy God : I am the Lord. 22Thou shalt not lie with mankind as with womankind, because it is an abomination. 23Thou shalt not copulate with any beast, neither shalt thou be defiled with it. A woman shall not lie down to a beast, nor copulate with it: because it is a heinous crime. 24Defile not yourselves with any of these things with which all the nations have been defiled, which I will cast out before you, 25And with which the land is defiled: the abominations of which I will visit, that it may vomit out its inhabitants. 26Keep ye my ordinances and my judgments, and do not any of these abominations: neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger that sojourneth among you. 27For all these detestable things the inhabitants of the land have done, that; were before you, and have defiled it. 28Beware then, lest in like manner, it vomit you also out, if you do the like things, as it vomited out the nation that was before you. 29Every soul that shall commit any of these abominations, shall perish from the midst of his people. 30Keep my commandments. Do not the things which they have done, that have been before you, and be not defiled therein. I am the Lord your God.

Chapter 19

1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to all the congregation of the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: Be ye holy, because I the Lord your God am holy. 3Let every one fear his father, and his mother. Keep my sabbaths. I am the Lord your God. 4Turn ye not to idols, nor make to yourselves molten gods. I am the Lord your God. 5If ye offer in sacrifice a peace offering to the Lord, that he may be favourable, 6You shall eat it on the same day it was offered, and the next day: and whatsoever shall be left until the third day, you shall burn with fire. 7If after two days ally man eat thereof, he shall be profane and guilty of impiety: 8And shall bear his iniquity, because he hath defiled the holy thing of the Lord, and that soul shall perish from among his people. 9When thou reapest the corn of thy land, thou shalt not cut down all that is on the face of the earth to the very ground: nor shalt thou gather the ears that remain. 10Neither shalt thou gather the bunches and grapes that fall down in thy vineyard, but shalt leave them to the poor and the strangers to take. I am the Lord your God. 11You shall not steal. You shall not lie, neither shall any man deceive his neighbour. 12Thou shalt not swear falsely by my name, nor profane the name of thy God. I am the Lord. 13Thou shalt not calumniate thy neighbour, nor oppress him by violence. The wages of him that hath been hired by thee shall not abide with thee until the morning. 14Thou shalt not speak evil of the deaf, nor put a stumblingblock before the blind: but thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, because I am the Lord. 15Thou shalt not do that which is unjust, nor judge unjustly. Respect not the person of the poor, nor honour the countenance of the mighty. But judge thy neighbour according to justice. 16Thou shalt not be a detractor nor a whisperer among the people. Thou shalt not stand against the blood of thy neighbour. I am the Lord. 17Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thy heart, but reprove him openly, lest thou incur sin through him. 18Seek not revenge, nor be mindful of the injury of thy citizens. Thou shalt love thy friend as thyself. I am the Lord. 19Keep ye my laws. Thou shalt not make thy cattle to gender with beasts of any other kind. Thou shalt not sow thy field with different seeds. Thou shalt not wear a garment that is woven of two sorts. 20If a man carnally lie with a woman that is a bondservant and marriageable, and yet not redeemed with a price, nor made free: they both shall be scourged, and they shall not be put to death, because she was not a free woman. 21And for his trespass he shall offer a ram to the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of the testimony: 22And the priest shall pray for him and for his sin before the Lord, and he shall have mercy on him, and the sin shall be forgiven. 23When you shall be come into the land, and shall have planted in it fruit trees, you shall take away the firstfruits of them: the fruit that comes forth shall be unclean to you, neither shall you eat of them. 24But in the fourth year, all their fruit shall be sanctified, to the praise of the Lord. 25And in the fifth year you shall eat the fruits thereof, gathering the increase thereof. I am the Lord your God. 26You shall not eat with blood. You shall not divine nor observe dreams. 27Nor shall you cut your hair roundwise: nor shave your beard. 28You shall not make any cuttings in your flesh, for the dead, neither shall you make in yourselves any figures or marks: I am the Lord. 29Make not thy daughter a common strumpet, lest the land be defiled, and filled with wickedness. 30Keep ye my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary. I am the Lord. 3131Go not aside after wizards, neither ask any thing of soothsayers, to be defiled by them: I am the Lord your God. 32Rise up before the hoary head, and honour the person of the aged man: and fear the Lord thy God. I am the Lord. 33If a stranger dwell in your land, and abide among you, do not upbraid him : 34But let him be among you as one of the same country: and you shall love him as yourselves: for you were strangers in the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. 35Do not any unjust thing in judgment, in rule, in weight, or in measure. 36Let the balance be just and the weights equal, the bushel just, and the sextary equal. I am the Lord your God, that brought you out of the land of Egypt. 37Keep all my precepts, and all my judgments, and do them. I am the Lord.

Chapter 20

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Thus shalt thou say to the children of Israel: If any man of the children of Israel, or of the strangers, that dwell in Israel, give of his seed to the idol Moloch, dying let him die: the people of the land shall stone him. 3And I will set my face against him: and I will cut him off from the midst of his people, because he hath given of his seed to Moloch, and hath defiled my sanctuary, and profaned my holy name. 4And if the people of the land neglecting, and as it were little regarding my commandment, let alone the man that hath given of his seed to Moloch, and will not kill him: 5I will set my face against that man, and his kindred, and will cut off both him and all that consented with him, to commit fornication with Moloch, out of the midst of their people. 6The soul that shall go aside after magicians, and soothsayers, and shall commit fornication with them, I will set my face against that soul, and destroy it out of the midst of its people. 7Sanctify yourselves, and be ye holy because I am the Lord your God. 8Keep my precepts, and do them. I am the Lord that sanctify you. 9He that curseth his father, or mother, dying let him die: he hath cursed his father, and mother, let his blood be upon him. 10If any man commit adultery with the wife of another, and defile his neighbour's wife, let then: be put to death, both the adulterer and the adulteress. 11If a man lie with his stepmother, and discover the nakedness of his father, let them both be put to death: their blood be upon them. 12If any man lie with his daughter in law, let both die, because they have done a heinous crime: their blood be upon them. 13If any one lie with a man as with a woman, both have committed an abomination, let them be put to death: their blood be upon them. 14If any man after marrying the daughter, marry her mother, he hath done a heinous crime: he shall be burnt alive with them: neither shall so great an abomination remain in the midst of you. 15He that shall copulate with any beast or cattle, dying let him die, the beast also ye shall kill. 16The woman that shall lie under any beast, shall be killed together with the same: their blood be upon them. 17If any man take his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother, and see her nakedness, and she behold her brother's shame: they have committed a crime: they shall be slain, in the sight of their people, because they have discovered one another's nakedness, and they shall bear their iniquity. 18If any man lie with a woman in her flowers, and uncover her nakedness, and she open the fountain of her blood, both shall be destroyed out of the midst of their people. 19Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy aunt by thy mother, and of thy aunt by thy father: he that doth this, hath uncovered the shame of his own flesh, both shall bear their iniquity. 20If any mall lie with the wife of his uncle by the father, or of his uncle by the mother, and uncover the shame of his near akin, both shall bear their sin: they shall die without children. 21He that marrieth his brother's wife, doth an unlawful thing, he hath uncovered his brother's nakedness: they shall be without children. 22Keep my laws and my judgments, and do them: lest the land into which you are to enter to dwell therein, vomit you also out. 23Walk not after the laws of the nations, which I will cast out before you. For they have done all these things, and therefore I abhorred them. 24But to you I say: Possess their land which I will give you for an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey. I am the Lord your God, who have separated you from other people. 25Therefore do you also separate the clean beast from the unclean, and the clean fowl from the unclean: defile not your souls with beasts, or birds, or any things that move on the earth, and which I have shewn you to be unclean. 26You shall be holy unto me, because I the Lord am holy, and I have separated you from other people, that you should be mine. 27A man, or woman, in whom there is a pythonical or divining spirit, dying let them die: they shall stone them: their blood be upon them.

Chapter 21

1The Lord said also to Moses: Speak to the priests the sons of Aaron, and thou shalt say to them: Let not a priest incur an uncleanness at the death of his citizens: 2But only for his kin, such as are near in blood, that is to say, for his father and for his mother, and for his son, and for his daughter, for his brother also, 3And for a maiden sister, who hath had no husband: 4But not even for the prince of his people shall he do any thing that may make him unclean. 5Neither shall they shave their head, nor their beard, nor make incisions in their flesh. 6They shall be holy to their God, and shall not profane his name: for they offer the burnt offering of the Lord, and the bread of their God, and therefore they shall be holy. 7They shall not take to wife a harlot or a vile prostitute, nor one that has been put away from her husband: because they are consecrated to their God, 8And offer the leaves of proposition. Let them therefore be holy, because I also am holy, the Lord, who sanctify them. 9If the daughter of a priest be taken in whoredom, and dishonour the name of her father, she shall be burnt with fire. 10The high priest, that is to say, the priest, is the greatest among his brethren. upon whose head the oil of unction hath been poured, and whose hands have been consecrated for the priesthood, and who hath been vested with the holy vestments, shall not uncover his head, he shall not rend his garments: 11Nor shall he go in at all to any dead person: not even for his father, or his mother, shall he be defiled: 12Neither shall he go out of the holy places, lest he defile the sanctuary of the Lord, because the oil of the holy unction of his God is upon him. I am the Lord. 13He shall take a virgin unto his wife: 14But a widow or one that is divorced, or defiled, or a harlot, he shall not take, but a maid of his own people : 15He shall not mingle the stock of his kindred with the common people of his nation: for I am the Lord who sanctify him. 16And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 17Say to Aaron: Whosoever of thy seed throughout their families, hath a blemish, he shall not offer bread to his God. 18Neither shall he approach to minister to him: If he be blind, if he be lame, if he have a little, or a great, or a crooked nose, 19If his foot, or if his hand be broken, 20If he be crookbacked, or blear eyed, or have a pearl in his eye, or a continual scab, or a dry scurf in his body, or a rupture: 21Whosoever of the seed of Aaron the priest hath a blemish, he shall not approach to offer sacrifices to the Lord, nor bread to his God. 22He shall eat nevertheless of the loaves, that are offered in the sanctuary, 23Yet so that he enter not within the veil, nor approach to the altar, because he hath a blemish, and he must not defile my sanctuary. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 24Moses therefore spoke to Aaron, and to his sons and to all Israel, all the things that had been commanded him.

Chapter 22

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to Aaron and to his sons, that they beware of those things that are consecrated of the children of Israel, and defile not the name of the things sanctified to me, which they offer. I am the Lord. 3Say to them and to their posterity: Every man of your race, that approacheth to those things that are consecrated, and which the children of Israel have offered to the Lord, in whom there is uncleanness, shall perish before the Lord. I am the Lord. 4The man of the seed of Aaron, that is a leper, or that suffereth a running of the seed, shall not eat of those things that are sanctified to me, until he be healed. He that toucheth any thing unclean by occasion of the dead, and he whose seed goeth from him as in generation, 5And he that toucheth a creeping thing, or any unclean thing, the touching of which is defiling, 6Shall be unclean until the evening, and shall not eat those things that are sanctified: but when he hath washed his flesh with water, 7And the sun is down, then being purified, he shall eat of the sanctified things, because it is his meat. 8That which dieth of itself, and that which was taken by a beast, they shall not eat, nor be defiled therewith, I am the Lord. 9Let them keep my precepts, that they may not fall into sin, and die in the sanctuary, when they shall have defiled it. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 10No stranger shall eat of the sanctified things: a sojourner of the priests, or a hired servant, shall not eat of them. 11But he whom the priest hath bought, and he that is his servant, born in his house, these shall eat of them. 12If the daughter of a priest be married to any of the people, she shall not eat of those things that are sanctified, nor of the firstfruits. 13But if she be a widow, or divorced, and having no children return to her father's house, she shall eat of her father's meats, as she was wont to do when she was a maid, no stranger hath leave to eat of them. 14He that eateth of the sanctified things through ignorance, shall add the fifth part with that which he ate, and shall give it to the priest into the sanctuary. 15And they shall not profane the sanctified things of the children of Israel, which they offer to the Lord: 16Lest perhaps they bear the iniquity of their trespass, when they shall have eaten the sanctified things. I am the Lord who sanctify them. 17And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 18Speak to Aaron, and to his sons, and to all the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man of the house of Israel, and of the strangers who dwell with you, that offereth his oblation, either paying his vows, or offering of his own accord, whatsoever it be which he presenteth for a holocaust of the Lord, 19To be offered by you, it shall be a male without blemish of the beeves, or of the sheep, or of the goats. 20If it have a blemish you shall not offer it, neither shall it be acceptable. 21The man that offereth a victim of peace offerings to the Lord, either paying his vows, or offering of his own accord, whether of beeves or of sheep, shall offer it without blemish, that it may be acceptable: there shall be no blemish in it. 22If it be blind, or broken, or have a scar or blisters, or a scab, or a dry scurf: you shall not offer them to the Lord, nor burn any thing of them upon the Lord's altar. 23An ox or a sheep, that hath the ear and the tail cut off, thou mayst offer voluntarily: but a vow may not be paid with them. 24You shall not offer to the Lord any beast that hath the testicles bruised, or crushed, or cut and taken away: neither shall you do any such thing in your land. 25You shall not offer bread to your God, from the hand of a stranger, nor any other thing that he would give: because they are all corrupted, and defiled: you shall not receive them. 26And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, they shall be seven days under the udder of their dam: but the eighth day, and thenceforth, they may be offered to the Lord. 28Whether it be a cow, or a sheep, they shall not be sacrificed the same day with their young ones. 29If you immolate a victim for thanksgiving to the Lord, that he may be favourable, 30You shall eat it the same day, there shall not any of it remain until the morning of the next day. I am the Lord. 31Keep my commandments, and do them. I am the Lord. 32Profane not my holy name, that I may be sanctified in the midst of the children of Israel. I am the Lord who sanctify you, 33And who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might be your God: I am the Lord.

Chapter 23

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: These are the feasts of the Lord, which you shall call holy. 3Six days shall ye do work: the seventh day, because it is the rest of the sabbath, shall be called holy. You shall do no work on that day: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your habitations. 4These also are the holy days of the Lord, which you must celebrate in their seasons. 5The first month, the fourteenth day of the month at evening, is the phase of the Lord: 6And the fifteenth day of the same month is the solemnity of the unleavened bread of the Lord. Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread. 7The first day shall be most solemn unto you, and holy: you shall do no servile work therein: 8But you shall offer sacrifice in fire to the Lord seven days. And the seventh day shall be more solemn, and more holy: and you shall do no servile work therein. 9And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 10Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: When you shall have entered into the land which I will give you, and shall reap your corn, you shall bring sheaves of ears, the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest: 11Who shall lift up the shed before the Lord, the next day after the sabbath, that it may be acceptable for you, and shall sanctify it. 12And on the same day that the sheaf is consecrated, a lamb without blemish of the first year shall be killed for a holocaust of the Lord. 13And the libations shall be offered with it, two tenths of hour tempered with oil for a burnt offering of the Lord, and a most sweet odour: libations also of wine, the fourth part of a hin. 14You shall not eat either bread, or parched corn, or frumenty of the harvest, until the day that you shall offer thereof to your God. It is a precept for ever throughout your generations, and all your dwellings. 15You shall count therefore from the morrow after the sabbath, wherein you offered the sheaf of the firstfruits, seven full weeks. 16Even unto the marrow after the seventh week be expired, that is to say, fifty days, and so you shall offer a new sacrifice to the Lord. 17Out of all your dwellings, two leaves of the firstfruits, of two tenths of flour leavened, which you shall bake for the firstfruits of the Lord. 18And you shall offer with the leaves seven lambs without blemish of the first year, and one calf from the herd, and two rams, and they shall be for a holocaust with their libations far a most sweet odour to the Lord. 19You shall offer also a buck goat for sin, and two lambs of the first year for sacrifices of peace offerings. 20And when the priest hath lifted them up with the leaves of the firstfruits before the Lord, they shall fall to his use. 21And you shall call this day most solemn, and most holy. You shall do no servile work therein. It shall be an everlasting ordinance in all your dwellings and generations. 22And when you reap the corn of your land, you shall not cut it to the very ground: neither shall you gather the ears that remain; but you shall leave them for the poor and for the strangers. I am the Lord your God. 23And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 24Say to the children of Israel: The seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall keep a sabbath, a memorial, with she sound of trumpets, and it shall be called holy. 25You shall do no servile work therein, and you shall offer a holocaust to the Lord. 26And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 27Upon the tenth day of this seventh month shall be the day of atonement, it shall be most solemn, and shall be called holy: and you shall afflict your souls on that day, and shall offer a holocaust to the Lord. 28You shall do no servile work in the time of this day: because it is a day of propitiation, that the Lord your God may be merciful unto you. 29Every soul that is not afflicted on this day, shall perish from among his people: 30And every soul that shall do any work, the same will I destroy from among his people. 31You shall do no work therefore on that day: it shall be an everlasting ordinance unto you in all your generations, and dwellings. 32It is a sabbath of rest, and you shell afflict your souls beginning on the ninth day of the month: from evening until evening you shall celebrate your sabbaths. 33And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 34Say to the children of Israel: From the fifteenth day of this same seventh month, shall be kept the feast of tabernacles seven days to the Lord. 35The first day shall be called most solemn and most holy: you shall do no servile work therein. And seven days you shall offer holocausts to the Lord. 36The eighth day also shall be most solemn and most holy, and you shall offer holocausts to the Lord: for it is the day of assembly and congregation: you shall do no servile work therein. 37These are the feasts of the Lord, which you shall call most solemn and most holy, and shall offer on them oblations to the Lord, holocausts and libations according to the rite of every day, 38Besides the sabbaths of the Lord, and your gifts, and those things that you offer by vow, or which you shall give to the Lord voluntarily. 39So from the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you shall have gathered in all the fruits of your land, you shall celebrate the feast of the Lord seven days: on the first day and the eighth shall be a sabbath, that is a day of rest. 40And you shall take to you on the first day the fruits of the fairest tree, and branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook, and you shall rejoice before the Lord your God. 41And you shall keep the solemnity thereof seven days in the year. It shall be an everlasting ordinance in your generations. In the seventh month shall you celebrate this feast. 42And you shall dwell in bowers seven days: every one that is of the race of Israel, shall dwell in tabernacles: 43That your posterity may know, that I made the children of Israel to dwell in tabernacles, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt. I am the Lord your God. 44And Moses spoke concerning the feasts of the Lord to the children of Israel.

Chapter 24

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Command the children of Israel, that they bring unto thee the finest and dearest oil of olives, to furnish the lamps continually, 3Without the veil of the testimony in the tabernacle of the covenant. And Aaron shall set them from evening until morning before the Lord, by a perpetual service and rite in your generations. 4They shall be set upon the most pure candlestick before the Lord continually. 5Thou shalt take also fine hour, and shalt bake twelve leaves thereof, two tenths shall be in every loaf : 6And thou shalt set them six and six one against another upon the most clean table before the Lord: 7And thou shalt put upon them the dearest frankincense, that the bread may be for a memorial of the oblation of the Lord. 8Every sabbath they shall be changed before the Lord, being received of the children of Israel by an everlasting covenant: 9And they shall be Aaron's and his sons', that they may eat them in the holy place: because it is most holy of the sacrifices of the Lord by a perpetual right. 10And behold there went out the son of a woman of Israel, whom she had of an Egyptian, among the children of Israel, and fell at words in the camp with a man of Israel. 11And when he had blasphemed the name, and had cursed it, he was brought to Moses: (now his mother was called Salumith, the daughter of Dabri, of the tribe of Dan:) 12And they put him into prison, till they might know what the Lord would command. 13And the Lord spoke to Moses, 14Saying: Bring forth the blasphemer without the camp, and let them that heard him, put their hands upon his head, and let all the people stone him. 15And thou shalt speak to the children of Israel: the man that curseth his God, shall bear his sin: 16And he that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die: all the multitude shall stone him, whether he be a native or a stranger. He that blasphemeth the name of the Lord, dying let him die. 17He that striketh and killeth a man, dying let him die. 18He that killeth a beast, shall make it good, that is to say, shall give beast for beast. 19He that giveth a blemish to any of his neighbours: as he hath done, so shall it be done to him: 20Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, shall he restore. What blemish he gave, the like shall he be compelled to suffer. 21He that striketh a beast, shall render another. He that striketh a man shall be punished. 22Let there be equal judgment among you, whether he be a stranger, or a native that offends: because I am the Lord your God. 23And Moses spoke to the children of Israel: and they brought forth him that had blasphemed, without the camp, and they stoned him. And the children of Israel did as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Chapter 25

1And the Lord spoke to Moses in mount Sinai, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: When you shall have entered into the land which I will give you, observe the rest of the sabbath to the Lord. 3Six years thou shalt sow thy field and six years thou shalt prune thy vineyard, and shalt gather the fruits thereof: 4But in the seventh year there shall be a sabbath to the land, of the resting of the Lord: thou shalt not sow thy field, nor prune thy vineyard. 5What the ground shall bring forth of itself, thou shalt not reap: neither shalt thou gather the grapes of the firstfruits as a vintage: for it is a year of rest to the land: 6But they shall be unto you for meat, to thee and to thy manservant, to thy maidservant and thy hireling, and to the strangers that sojourn with thee: 7All things that grow shall be meat to thy beasts and to thy cattle. 8Thou shalt also number to thee seven weeks of years, that is to say, seven times seven, which together make forty-nine years: 9And thou shalt sound the trumpet in the seventh month, the tenth day of the month, in the time of the expiation in all your land. 10And thou shalt sanctify the fiftieth year, and shalt proclaim remission to all the inhabitants of thy land: for it is the year of jubilee. Every man shall return to his possession, and every one shall go back to his former family: 11Because it is the jubilee and the fiftieth year. You shall not sow, nor reap the things that grow in the field of their own accord, neither shall you gather the firstfruits of the vines, 12Because of the sanctification of the jubilee: but as they grow you shall presently eat them. 13In the year of the jubilee all shall return to their possessions. 14When thou shalt sell any thing to thy neighbour, or shalt buy of him; grieve not thy brother: but thou shalt buy of him according to the number of years from the jubilee. 15And he shall sell to thee according to the computation of the fruits. 16The more years remain after the jubilee, the more shall the price increase: and the less time is counted, so much the less shall the purchase cost. For he shall sell to thee the time of the fruits. 17Do not afflict your countrymen, but let every one fear his God: because I am the Lord your God. 18Do my precepts, and keep my judgments, and fulfil them: that you may dwell in the land without any fear, 19And the ground may yield you its fruits, of which you may eat your fill, fearing no mall's invasion. 20But if you say: What shall we eat the seventh year, if we sow not, nor gather our fruits? 21I will give you my blessing the sixth year, and it shall yield the fruits of three years: 22And the eighth year you shall sow, and shall eat of the old fruits, until the ninth year: till new grow up, you shall eat the old store. 23The land also shall not be sold for ever: because it is mine, and you are strangers and sojourners with me. 24For which cause all the country of your possession shall be under the condition of redemption. 25If thy brother being impoverished sell his little possession, and his kinsman will, he may redeem what he had sold. 26But if he have no kinsman, and he himself can find the price to redeem it: 27The value of the fruits shall be counted from that time when he sold it: and the overplus he shall restore to the buyer, and so shall receive his possession again. 28But if his hands find not the means to repay the price, the buyer shall have what he bought, until the year of the jubilee. For in that year all that is sold shall return to the owner, and to the ancient possessor. 29He that selleth a house within the walls of a city, shall have the liberty to redeem it, until one year be expired: 30If he redeem it not, and the whole year be fully out, the buyer shall possess it, and his posterity for ever, and it cannot be redeemed, not even in the jubilee. 31But if the house be in a village, that hath no walls, it shall be sold according to the same law as the fields: if it be not redeemed before, in the jubilee it shall return to the owner. 32The houses of Levites, which are in cities, may always be redeemed: 33If they be not redeemed, in the jubilee they shall all return to the owners, because the houses of the cities of the Levites are for their possessions among the children of Israel. 34But let not their suburbs be sold, because it is a perpetual possession. 35If thy brother be impoverished, and weak of hand, and thou receive him as a stranger and sojourner, and he live with thee, 36Take not usury of him nor more than thou gavest: fear thy God, that thy brother may live with thee. 37Thou shalt not give him thy money upon usury, nor exact of him any increase of fruits. 38I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, that I might give you the land of Chanaan, and might be your God. 39If thy brother constrained by poverty, sell himself to thee, thou shalt not oppress him with the service of bondservants: 40But he shall be as a hireling, and a sojourner: he shall work with thee until the year of the jubilee, 41And afterwards he shall go out with his children, and shall return to his kindred and to the possession of his fathers, 42For they are my servants, and I brought them out of the land of Egypt: let them not be sold as bondmen: 43Afflict him not by might, but fear thy God. 44Let your bondmen, and your bondwomen, be of the nations that are round about you. 45And of the strangers that sojourn among you, or that were born of them in your land, these you shall have for servants: 46And by right of inheritance shall leave them to your posterity, and shall possess them for ever. But oppress not your brethren the children of Israel by might. 47If the hand of a stranger or a sojourner grow strong among you, and thy brother being impoverished sell himself to him, or to any of his race: 48After the sale he may be redeemed. He that will of his brethren shall redeem him: 49Either his uncle, or his uncle's son, or his kinsman, by blood, or by affinity. But if he himself be able also, he shall redeem himself, 50Counting only the years from the time of his selling unto the year of the jubilee: and counting the money that he was sold for, according to the number of the years and the reckoning of a hired servant, 51If there be many years that remain until the jubilee, according to them shall he also repay the price. 52If few, he shall make the reckoning with him according to the number of the years, and shall repay to the buyer of what remaineth of the years, 53His wages being allowed for which he served before: he shall not afflict him violently in thy sight. 54And if by these means he cannot be redeemed, in the year of the jubilee he shall go out with his children. 55For the children of Israel are my servants, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt.

Chapter 26

1I am the Lord your God: you shall not make to yourselves any idol or graven thing, neither shall you erect pillars, nor set up a remarkable stone in your land, to adore it: for I am the Lord your God. 2Keep my sabbaths, and reverence my sanctuary: I am the Lord. 3If you walk in my precepts, and keep my commandments, and do them, I will give you rein in due seasons. 4And the ground shall bring forth its increase, and the trees shall be filled with fruit. 5The threshing of your harvest shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and you shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land without fear. 6I will give peace in your coasts: you shall sleep, and there shall be none to make you afraid. I will take away evil beasts: and the sword shall not pass through your quarters. 7You shall pursue your enemies, and they shall fall before you. 8Five of yours shall pursue a hundred others, and a hundred of you ten thousand: your enemies shall fall before you by the sword. 9I will look on you, and make you increase: you shell be multiplied, and I will establish my covenant with you. 10You shall eat the oldest of the old store, and, new coming on, you shall cast away the old. 11I will set my tabernacle in the midst of you, and my soul shall not cast you off. 12I will walk among you, and will be your God, and you shall be my people. 13I am the Lord your God: who have brought you out of the land of the Egyptians, that you should not serve them, and who have broken the chains of your necks, that you might go upright. 14But if you will not hear me, nor do all my commandments, 15If you despise my laws, and contemn my judgments so as not to do those things which are appointed by me, and to make void my covenant: 16I also will do these things to you: I will quickly visit you with poverty, and burning heat, which shall waste your eyes, and consume your lives. You shall sow your seed in vain, which shall be devoured by your enemies. 17I will set my face against you, and you shall fall down before your enemies, and shall be made subject to them that hate you, you shall flee when no man pursueth you. 18But if you will not yet for all this obey me: I will chastise you seven times more for your sins, 19And I will break the pride of your stubbornness, and I will make to you the heaven above as iron, and the earth as brass: 20Your labour shall be spent in vain, the ground shall not bring forth her increase, nor the trees yield their fruit. 21If you walk contrary to me, and will not hearken to me, I will bring seven times more plagues upon you for your sins: 22And I will send in upon you the beasts of the held, to destroy you and your cattle, and make you few in number, and that your highways may be desolate. 23And if even so you will not amend, but will walk contrary to me: 24I also will walk contrary to you, and will strike you seven times for your sins. 25And I will bring in upon you the sword that shall avenge my covenant. And when you shall flee into the cities, I will send the pestilence in the midst of you, and you shall be delivered into the hands of your enemies, 26After I shall have broken the staff of your bread: so that ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and give it out by weight: and you shall eat, and shall not be filled. 27But if you will not for all this hearken to me, but will walk against me: 28I will also go against you with opposite fury, and I will chastise you with seven plagues for your sins, 29So that you shall eat the flesh of your sons and of your daughters. 30I will destroy your high places, and break your idols. You shall fall among the ruins of your idols, and my soul shall abhor you. 31Insomuch that I will bring your cities to be a wilderness, and I will make your sanctuaries desolate, and will receive no more your sweet odours. 32And I will destroy your land, and your enemies shall be astonished at it, when they shall be the inhabitants thereof. 33And I will scatter you among the Gentiles, and I will draw out the sword after you, and your land shall be desert, and your cities destroyed. 34Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths all the days of her desolation: when you shall be 35In the enemy's land, she shall keep a sabbath, and rest in the sabbaths of her desolation, because she did not rest in your sabbaths when you dwelt therein. 36And as to them that shall remain of you I will send fear in their hearts in the countries of their enemies, the sound of a flying leaf shall terrify them, and they shall flee as it were from the sword: they shall fall, when no man pursueth them, 37And they shall every one fall upon their brethren as fleeing from wars, none of you shall dare to resist your enemies. 38You shall perish among the Gentiles, and an enemy's land shall consume you. 39And if of them also some remain, they shall pine away in their iniquities, in the land of their enemies, and they shall be afflicted for the sins of their fathers, and their own: 40Until they confess their iniquities and the iniquities of their ancestors, whereby they have transgressed me, and walked contrary unto me. 41Therefore I also will walk them, and bring them into their enemies' land until their uncircumcised mind be ashamed: then shall they pray for their sins. 42And I will remember my covenant, that I made with Jacob, and Isaac, and Abraham. I will remember also the land: 43Which when she shall be left by them, shall enjoy her sabbaths, being desolate for them. But they shall pray for their sins, because they rejected my judgments, and despised my laws. 44And yet for all that when they were in the land of their enemies, I did not cast them off altogether, neither did I so despise them that they should be quite consumed, and I should make void my covenant with them. For I am the Lord their God. 45And I will remember my former covenant, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt, in the sight of the Gentiles, to be their God. I am the Lord. These are the judgments, and precepts, and laws, which the Lord gave between him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.

Chapter 27

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man that shall have made a vow, and promised his soul to God, shall give the price according to estimation. 3If it be a man from twenty years old unto sixty years old, he shall give fifty sides of silver, after the weight of the sanctuary: 4If a woman, thirty. 5But from the fifth year until the twentieth, a man shall give twenty sicles: a woman ten. 6From one month until the fifth year. for a male shall be given five sides: for a female three. 7A man that is sixty years old or upward, shall give fifteen aisles: a woman ten. 8If he be poor, and not able to pay tile estimation, he shall stand before tile priest: and as much as he shall value him at, and see him able to pay, so much shall he give. 9But a beast that may be sacrificed to the Lord, if ally one shall vow, shall be holy, 10And cannot be changed, that is to say, neither a better for a worse, nor a worse for a better. And if he shall change it: both that which was changed, and that for which it was changed, shall be consecrated to the Lord. 11An unclean beast, which cannot be sacrificed to the Lord, if my man shall vow, shall be brought before the priest: 12Who judging whether it be good or bad, shall set the price: 13Which if he that offereth it will give, he shall add above the estimation the fifth part. 14If a man shall vow his house, and sanctify it to the Lord, the priest shall consider it, whether it be good or bad, and it shall be sold according to the price, which he shall appoint. 15But if he that vowed, will redeem it, he shall give the fifth part of the estimation over and above, and shall have the house. 16And if he vow the field of his possession, and consecrate it to the Lord, the price shall be rated according to the measure of the seed. If the ground be sowed with thirty bushels of barley, let it be sold for fifty sides of silver. 17If he vow his field immediately from the year of jubilee that is beginning, as much as it may be worth, at so much it shall be rated. 18But if some time after, the priest shall reckon the money according to the number of years that remain until the jubilee, and the price shall be abated. 19And if he that had vowed, will redeem his field, he shall add the fifth part of the money of the estimation, and shall possess it. 20And if he will not redeem it, but it be sold to any other man, he that vowed it, may not redeem it any more: 21For when the day of jubilee cometh, it shall be sanctified to the Lord, and as a possession consecrated, pertaineth to the right of the priests. 22If a field that was bought, and not of a man's ancestors' possession, be sanctified to the Lord, 23The priest shall reckon the price according to the number of years: unto the jubilee: and he that had vowed, shall give that to the Lord. 24But in the jubilee, it shall return to the former owner, who had sold it, and had it in the lot of his possession. 25All estimation shall be made according to the side of the sanctuary. A sicle hath twenty obols. 26The firstborn, which belong to the Lord, no man may sanctify and vow: whether it be bullock, or sheep, they are the Lord's. 27And if it be an unclean beast, he that offereth it shall redeem it, according to thy estimation, and shall add the fifth part of the price. If he will not redeem it, it shall be sold to another for how much soever it was estimated by thee. 28Any thing that is devoted to the Lord, whether it be man, or beast, or field, shall not be sold, neither may it be redeemed. Whatsoever is once consecrated shall be holy of holies to the Lord. 29And any consecration that is offered by man, shall not be redeemed, but dying shall die. 30All tithes of the land, whether of corn, or of the fruits of trees, are the Lord's, and are sanctified to him. 31And if any man will redeem his tithes, he shall add the fifth part of them. 32Of all the tithes of oxen, and sheep, and goats, that pass under the shepherd's rod, every tenth that cometh shall be sanctified to the Lord. 33It shall not be chosen neither good nor bad, neither shall it be changed for another. If any man change it: both that which was changed, and that for which it was changed, shall be sanctified to the Lord, and shall not be redeemed. 34These are the precepts which the Lord commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.

The Book of Numbers

This fourth Book of Moses is called NUMBERS, because it begins with the numbering of the people. The Hebrews, from its first words, call it VAIEDABBER. It contains the transactions of the Israelites from the second month of the second year after their going out of Egypt, until the beginning of the eleventh month of the fortieth year; that is, a history almost of thirty-nine years.

Chapter 1

1And the Lord spoke to Moses in the desert of Sinai in the tabernacle of the covenant, the first day of the second month, the second year of their going out of Egypt, saying: 2Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel by their families, and houses, and the names of every one, as many as are of the male sex, 3From twenty years old and upwards, of all the men of Israel fit for war, and you shall number them by their troops, thou and Aaron. 4And there shall be with you the princes of the tribes, and of the houses in their kindreds, 5Whose names are these: Of Ruben, Elisur the son of Sedeur. 6Of Simeon, Salamiel the son of Surisaddai. 7Of Juda, Nahasson the son of Aminadab. 8Of Issachar, Nathanael the son of Suar. 9Of Zabulon, Eliab the son of Helon. 10And of the sons of Joseph: of Ephraim, Elisama the son of Ammiud: of Manasses, Gamaliel the son of Phadassur. 11Of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gedeon. 12Of Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammisaddai. 13Of Aser, Phegiel the son of Ochran. 14Of Gad, Eliasaph the son of Duel. 15Of Nephtali, Ahira the son of Enan. 16These are the most noble princes of the multitude by their tribes and kindreds, and the chiefs of the army of Israel: 17Whom Moses and Aaron took with all the multitude of the common people: 18And assembled them on the first day of the second month, reckoning them up by the kindreds, and houses, and families, and heads, and names of every one from twenty years old and upward, 19As the Lord had commanded Moses. And they were numbered in the desert of Sinai. 20Of Ruben the eldest son of Israel, by their generations and families and houses and names of every head, all that were of the male sex, from twenty years old and upward, that were able to go forth to war, 21Were forty-six thousand five hundred. 22Of the sons of Simeon by their generations and families, and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names and heads of every one, all that were of the male sex, from twenty years old and upward, that were able to go forth to war, 23Fifty-nine thousand three hundred. 24Of the sons of Gad, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 25Forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty. 26Of the sons of Juda, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds, by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 27Were reckoned up seventy-four thousand six hundred. 28Of the sons of Issachar, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds, by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that could go forth to war, 29Were reckoned up fifty-four thousand four hundred. 30Of the sons of Zabulon, by the generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 31Fifty-seven thousand four hundred. 32Of the sons of Joseph, namely, of the sons of Ephraim, by the generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 33Forty thousand five hundred. 34Moreover of the sons of Manasses, by the generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that could go forth to war, 35Thirty-two thousand two hundred. 36Of the sons of Benjamin, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 37Thirty-five thousand four hundred. 38Of the sons of Dan, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 39Sixty-two thousand seven hundred. 40Of the sons of Aser, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 41Forty-one thousand and five hundred. 42Of the sons of Nephtali, by their generations and families and houses of their kindreds, were reckoned up by the names of every one from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war, 43Fifty-three thousand four hundred. 44These era they who were numbered by Moses and Aaron, and the twelve princes of Israel, every one by the houses of their kindreds. 45And the whole number of the children of Israel by their houses and families, from twenty years old and upward, that were able to go to war, 46Were six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty men. 47But the Levites in the tribes of their families were not numbered with them. 48And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 49Number not the tribe of Levi, neither shalt thou put down the sum of them with the children of Israel: 50But appoint them over the tabernacle of the testimony, and all the vessels thereof, and whatsoever pertaineth to the ceremonies. They shall carry the tabernacle and all the furniture thereof: and they shall minister, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle. 51When you are to go forward, the Levites shall take down the tabernacle: when you are to camp, they shall set it up. What stranger soever cometh to it, shall be slain. 52And the children of Israel shall camp every man by his troops and bands and army. 53But the Levites shall pitch their tents round about the tabernacle, lest there come indignation upon the multitude of the children of Israel, and they shall keep watch, and guard the tabernacle of the testimony. 54And the children of Israel did according to all things which the Lord had commanded Moses.

Chapter 2

1And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 2All the children of Israel shall camp by their troops, ensigns, and standards, and the houses of their kindreds, round about the tabernacle of the covenant. 3On the east Juda shall pitch his tents by the bands of his army: and the prince of his sons shall be Nahasson the son of Aminadab. 4And the whole sum of the fighting men of his stock, were seventy-four thousand six hundred. 5Next unto him they of the tribe of Issachar encamped, whose prince was Nathanael, the son of Suar. 6And the whole number of his fighting men were fifty-four thousand four hundred. 7In the tribe of Zabulon the prince was Eliab the son of Helon. 8And all the army of fighting men of his stock, were fifty-seven thousand four hundred. 9All that were numbered in the camp of Juda, were a hundred and eighty-six thousand four hundred: and they by their troops shall march first. 10In the camp of the sons of Ruben, on the south side, the prince shall be Elisur the son of Sedeur: 11And the whole army of his fighting men, that were numbered, were forty-six thousand five hundred. 12Beside him camped they of the tribe of Simeon: whose prince was Salamiel the son of Surisaddai. 13And the whole army of his fighting men, that were numbered, were fifty-nine thousand three hundred. 14In the tribe of Gad the prince was Eliasaph the son of Duel. 15And the whole army of his fighting men that were numbered, were forty-five thousand six hundred and fifty. 16All that were reckoned up in the camp of Ruben, were a hundred and fifty-one thousand four hundred and fifty, by their troops: they shall march in the second place. 17And the tabernacle of the testimony shall be carried by the officers of the Levites and their troops. As it shall be set up, so shall it be taken down. Every one shall march according to their places, and ranks. 18On the west side shall be the camp of the sons of Ephraim, whose prince was Elisama, the son of Ammiud. 19The whole army of his fighting men, that were numbered, were forty thousand five hundred. 20And with them the tribe of the sons of Manasses, whose prince was Gamaliel the son of Phadassur. 21And the whole army of his fighting men, that were numbered, were thirty-two thousand two hundred. 22In the tribe of the sons of Benjamin the prince was Abidan the son of Gedeon. 23And the whole army of his fighting men, that were reckoned up, were thirty-five thousand four hundred. 24All that were numbered in the camp of Ephraim, were a hundred and eight thousand one hundred by their troops: they shall march in the third place. 25On the north side camped the sons of Dan: whose prince was Ahiezar the son of Ammisaddai. 26The whole army of his fighting men, that were numbered, were sixty-two thousand seven hundred. 27Beside him they of the tribe of Aser pitched their tents: whose prince was Phegiel the son of Ochran. 28The whole army of his fighting men, that were numbered, were forty-one thousand five hundred. 29Of the tribe of the sons of Nephtali the prince was Ahira the son of Enan. 30The whole army of his fighting men, were fifty-three thousand four hundred. 31All that were numbered in the camp of Dan, were a hundred and fifty-seven thousand six hundred: and they shall march last. 32This is the number of the children of Israel, of their army divided according to the houses of their kindreds and their troops, six hundred and three thousand five hundred and fifty. 33And the Levites were not numbered among the children of Israel: for so the Lord had commanded Moses. 34And the children of Israel did according to all things that the Lord had commanded. They camped by their troops, and marched by the families and houses of their fathers.

Chapter 3

1These are the generations of Aaron and Moses in the day that the Lord spoke to Moses in mount Sinai. 2And these the names of the sons of Aaron: his firstborn Nadab, then Abiu, and Eleazar, and Ithamar. 3These the names of the sons of Aaron the priests that were anointed, and whose hands were filled and consecrated, to do the functions of priesthood. 4Now Nadab and Abiu died, without children, when they offered strange fire before the Lord, in the desert of Sinai: and Eleazar and Ithamar performed the priestly office in the presence of Aaron their father. 5And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 6Bring the tribe of Levi, and make them stand in the sight of Aaron the priest to minister to him, and let them watch, 7And observe whatsoever appertaineth to the service of the multitude before the tabernacle of the testimony, 8And let them keep the vessels of the tabernacle, serving in the ministry thereof. 9And thou shalt give the Levites for a gift, 10To Aaron and to his sons, to whom they are delivered by the children of Israel. But thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons over the service of priesthood. The stranger that approacheth to minister, shall be put to death. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying : 12I have taken the Levites from the children of Israel, for every firstborn that openeth the womb among the children of Israel, and the Levites shall be mine. 13For every firstborn is mine: since I struck the firstborn in the land of Egypt: I have sanctified to myself whatsoever is firstborn in Israel both of man and beast, they are mine: I am the Lord. 14And the Lord spoke to Moses in the desert of Sinai, saying: 15Number the sons of Levi by the houses of their fathers and their families, every male from one month and upward. 16Moses numbered them as the Lord had commanded. 17And there were found sons of Levi by their names, Gerson and Caath and Merari. 18The sons of Gerson: Lebni and Semei. 19The sons of Caath: Amram, and Jesaar, Hebron and Oziel: 20The sons of Merari: Moholi and Musi. 21Of Gerson were two families, the Lebnites, and the Semeites: 22Of which were numbered, people of the male sex from one month and upward, seven thousand five hundred. 23These shall pitch behind the tabernacle on the west, 24Under their prince Eliasaph the son of Lael. 25And their charge shall be in the tabernacle of the covenant: 26The tabernacle itself and the cover thereof, the hanging that is drawn before the doors of the tabernacle of the covenant, and the curtains of the court: the hanging also that is hanged in the entry of the court of the tabernacle, and whatsoever belongeth to the rite of the altar, the cords of the tabernacle, and all the furniture thereof. 27Of the kindred of Caath come the families of the Amramites and Jesaarites and Hebronites and Ozielites. These are the families of the Caathites reckoned up by their names: 28All of the male sex from one month and upward, eight thousand six hundred: they shall have the guard of the sanctuary, 29And shall camp on the south side. 30And their prince shall be Elisaphan the son of Oziel: 31And they shall keep the ark, and the table and the candlestick, the altars, and the vessels of the sanctuary, wherewith they minister, and the veil, and all the furniture of this kind. 32And the prince of the princes of the Levites, Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, shall be over them that watch for the guard of the sanctuary. 33And of Merari are the families of the Moholites, and Musites, reckoned up by their names : 34All of the male kind from one month and upward, six thousand two hundred. 35Their prince Suriel the son of Abihaiel: they shall camp on the north side. 36Under their custody shall be the boards of the tabernacle, and the bars, and the pillars and their sockets, and all things that pertain to this kind of service: 37And the pillars of the court round about with their sockets, and the pins with their cords. 38Before the tabernacle of the covenant, that is to say on the east side, shall Moses and Aaron camp, with their sons, having the custody of the sanctuary, in the midst of the children of Israel. What stranger soever cometh unto it, shall be put to death. 39All the Levites, that Moses and Aaron numbered according to the precept of the Lord, by their families, of the male kind from one month and upward, were twenty-two thousand. 40And the Lord said to Moses: Number the firstborn of the male sex of the children of Israel, from one month and upward, and thou shalt take the sum of them. 41And thou shalt take the Levites to me for all the firstborn of the children of Israel, I am the Lord: and their cattle for all the firstborn of the cattle of the children of Israel: 42Moses reckoned up, as the Lord had commanded, the firstborn of the children of Israel: 43And the males by their names, from one month and upward, were twenty-two thousand two hundred and seventy-three. 44And the Lord spoke to Moses, saving: 45Take the Levites for the firstborn of the children of Israel, and the cattle of the Levites for their cattle, and the Levites shall be mine. I am the Lord. 46But for the price of the two hundred and seventy-three, of the firstborn of the children of Israel, that exceed the number of the Levites, 47Thou shalt take five sides for every head, according to the weight of the sanctuary. A sicle hath twenty obols. 48And then shalt give the money to Aaron and his sons, the price of them that are above. 49Moses therefore took the money of them that were above, and whom they had redeemed from the Levites, 50For the firstborn of the children of Israel, one thousand three hundred and sixty-five sicles, according to the weight of the sanctuary, 51And gave it to Aaron and his sons, according to the word that the Lord had commanded him.

Chapter 4

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, and Aaron, saying: 2Take the sum of the sons of Caath from the midst of the Levites, by their houses and families. 3From thirty years old and upward, to fifty years old, of all that go in to stand and to minister in the tabernacle of the covenant. 4This is the service of the sons of Caath: 5When the camp is to set forward, Aaron and his sons shall go into the tabernacle of the covenant, and the holy of holies, and shall take down the veil that hangeth before the door, and shall wrap up the ark of the testimony in it, 6And shall cover it again with a cover of violet skins, and shall spread over it a cloth all of violet, and shall put in the bars. 7They shall wrap up also the table of proposition in a cloth of violet, and shall put with it the censers and little mortars, the cups and bowls to pour out the libations: the leaves shall be always on it: 8And they shall spread over it a cloth of scarlet, which again they shall cover with a covering of violet skins, and shall put in the bars. 9They shall take also a cloth of violet wherewith they shall cover the candlestick with the lamps and tongs thereof and the snuffers and all the oil vessels, which are necessary for the dressing of the lamps : 10And over all they shall put a cover of violet skins and put in the bars. 11And they shall wrap up the golden altar also in a cloth of violet, and shall spread over it a cover of violet skins, and put in the bars. 12All the vessels wherewith they minister in the sanctuary, they shall wrap up in a cloth of violet, and shall spread over it a cover of violet skins, and put in the bars. 13They shall cleanse the altar also from the ashes, and shall wrap it up in a purple cloth, 14And shall put it with all the vessels that they use in the ministry thereof, that is to say, firepans, fleshhooks and forks, pothooks and shovels. They shall cover all the vessels of the altar together with a covering of violet skins, and shall put in the bars. 15And when Aaron and his sons have wrapped up the sanctuary and the vessels thereof at the removing of the camp, then shall the sons of Caath enter in to carry the things wrapped up: and they shall not touch the vessels of the sanctuary, lest they die. These are the burdens of the sons of Caath: in the tabernacle of the covenant: 16And over them shall be Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, to whose charge pertaineth the oil to dress the lamps, and the sweet incense, and the sacrifice, that is always offered, and the oil of unction, and whatsoever pertaineth to the service of the tabernacle, and of all the vessels that are in the sanctuary. 17And the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron, saying: 18Destroy not the people of Caath from the midst of the Levites: 19But do this to them, that they may live, and not die, by touching the holies of holies. Aaron and his sons shall go in, and they shall appoint every man his work, and shall divide the burdens that every man is to carry. 20Let not others by any curiosity see the things that are in the sanctuary before they be wrapped up, otherwise they shall die. 21And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 22Take the sum of the soils of Gerson also by their houses and families and kindreds. 23From thirty Sears old and upward, unto fifty years old. Number them all that go in and minister in the tabernacle of the covenant. 24This is the office of the family of the Gersonites : 25To carry the curtains of the tabernacle and the roof of the covenant, the other covering, and the violet covering over all, and the hanging that hangeth in the entry of the tabernacle of the covenant, 26The curtains of the court, and the veil in the entry that is before the tabernacle. All things that pertain to the altar, the cords and the vessels of the ministry, 27The sons of Gerson shall carry, by the commandment of Aaron and his sons: and each man shall know to what burden he must be assigned. 28This is the service of the family of the Gersonites in the tabernacle of the covenant, and they shall be under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 29Thou shalt reckon up the sons of Merari also by the families and houses of their fathers, 30From thirty years old and upward, unto fifty years old, all that go in to the office of their ministry, and to the service of the covenant of the testimony. 31These are their burdens: They shall carry the boards of the tabernacle and the bars thereof, the pillars and their sockets, 32The pillars also of the court round about, with their sockets and pins and cords. They shall receive by account all the vessels and furniture, and so shall carry them. 33This is the office of the family of the Merarites, and their ministry in the tabernacle of the covenant: and they shall be under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 34So Moses and Aaron and the princes of the synagogue reckoned up the sons of Caath, by their kindreds and the houses of their fathers, 35From thirty years old and upward, unto fifty years old, all that go in to the ministry of the tabernacle of the covenant: 36And they were found two thousand seven hundred and fifty. 37This is the number of the people of Caath that go in to the tabernacle of the covenant: these did Moses and Aaron number according to the word of the Lord by the hand of Moses. 38The sons of Gerson also were numbered by the kindreds and houses of their fathers, 39From thirty years old and upward, unto fifty years old, all that go in to minister in the tabernacle of the covenant: 40And they were found two thousand six hundred and thirty. 41This is the people of the Gersonites, whom Moses and Aaron numbered according to the word of the Lord. 42The sons of Merari also were numbered by the kindreds and houses of their fathers, 43From thirty years old and upward, unto fifty years old, all that go in to fulfil the rites of the tabernacle of the covenant: 44And they were found three thousand two hundred. 45This is the number of the sons of Merari, whom Moses and Aaron reckoned up according to the commandment of the Lord by the hand of Moses. 46All that were reckoned up of the Levites, and whom Moses and Aaron and the princes of Israel took by name, by the kindreds and houses of their fathers, 47From thirty years old and upward, until fifty years old, that go into the ministry of the tabernacle, and to carry the burdens, 48Were in all eight thousand five hundred and eighty. 49Moses reckoned them up according to the word of the Lord, every one according to their office and burdens, as the Lord had commanded him.

Chapter 5

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Command the children of Israel, that they cast out of the camp every leper, and whosoever hath an issue of seed, or is defiled by the dead: 3Whether it be man or woman, cast ye them out of the camp, lest they defile it when I shall dwell with you. 4And the children of Israel did so, and they cast them forth without the camp, as the Lord had spoken to Moses. 5And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 6Say to the children of Israel: When a man or woman shall have committed any of all the sins that men are wont to commit, and by negligence shall have transgressed the commandment of the Lord, and offended, 7They shall confess their sin, and restore the principal itself, and the fifth part over and above, to him against whom they have sinned. 8But if there be no one to receive it, they shall give it to the Lord, and it shall be the priest's, besides the ram that is offered for expiation, to be an atoning sacrifice. 9an the firstfruits also, which the children of Israel offer, belong to the priest: 10And whatsoever is offered into the sanctuary by every one, and is delivered into the hands of the priest, it shall be his. 11And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 12Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: The man whose wife shall have gone astray, and contemning her husband, 13Shall have slept with another man, and her husband cannot discover it, but the adultery is secret, and cannot be proved by witnesses, because she was not found in the adultery: 14If the spirit of jealousy stir up the husband against his wife, who either is defiled, or is charged with false suspicion, 15He shall bring her to the priest, and shall offer an oblation for her, the tenth part of a measure of barley meal: he shall not pour oil thereon, nor put frankincense upon it: because it is a sacrifice of jealousy, and an oblation searching out adultery. 16The priest therefore shall offer it, and set it before the Lord. 17And he shall take holy water in an earthen vessel, and he shall cast a little earth of the pavement of the tabernacle into it. 18And when the woman shall stand before the Lord, he shall uncover her head, and shall, put on her hands the sacrifice of remembrance, and the oblation of jealousy: and he himself shall hold the most bitter waters, whereon he hath heaped curses with execration. 19And he shall adjure her, and shall say: If another man hath not slept with thee, and if thou be not defiled by forsaking thy husband's bed, these most bitter waters, on which I have heaped curses, shall not hurt thee. 20But if thou hast gone aside from thy husband, and art defiled, and hast lain with another man: 21These curses shall light upon thee: The Lord make thee a curse, and an example for all among his people: may he make thy thigh to rot, and may thy belly swell and burst asunder. 22Let the cursed waters enter into thy belly, and may thy womb swell and thy thigh rot. And the woman shall answer, Amen, amen. 23And the priest shall write these curses in a book, and shall wash them out with the most bitter waters, upon which he hath heaped the curses, 24And he shall give them her to drink. And when she hath drunk them up, 25The priest shall take from her hand the sacrifice of jealousy, and shall elevate it before the Lord, and shall put it upon the altar: yet so as first, 26To take a handful of the sacrifice of that which is offered, and burn it upon the altar: and so give the most bitter waters to the woman to drink. 27And when she hath drunk them, if she be defiled, and having despised her husband be guilty of adultery, the malediction shall go through her, and her belly swelling, her thigh shall rot: and the woman shall be a curse, and an example to all the people. 28But if she be not defiled, she shall not be hurt, and shall bear children. 29This is the law of jealousy. If a woman hath gone aside from her husband, and be defiled, 30And the husband stirred up by the spirit of jealousy bring her before the Lord, and the priest do to her according to all things that are here written: 31The husband shall be blameless, and she shall bear her iniquity.

Chapter 6

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to the children of Israel, and thou shalt say to them: When a man, or woman, shall make a vow to be sanctified, and will consecrate themselves to the Lord: 3They shall abstain from wine, and from every thing that may make a man drunk. They shall not drink vinegar of wine, or of any other drink, nor any thing that is pressed out of the grape: nor shall they eat grapes either fresh or dried. 4All the days that they are consecrated to the Lord by vow: they shall eat nothing that cometh of the vineyard, from the raisin even to the kernel. 5All the time of his separation no razor shall pass over his head, until the day be fulfilled of his consecration to the Lord. He shall be holy, and shall let the hair of his head grow. 6All the time of his consecration he shall not go in to any dead, 7Neither shall he make himself unclean, even for his father, or for his mother, or for his brother, or for his sister, when they die, because the consecration of his God is upon his head. 8All the days of his separation he shall be holy to the Lord. 9But if any man die suddenly before him: the head of his consecration shall be defiled: and he shall shave it forthwith on the same day of his purification, and again on the seventh day. 10And on the eighth day he shall bring two turtles, or two young pigeons to the priest in the entry of the covenant of the testimony. 11And the priest shall offer one for sin, and the other for a holocaust, and shall pray for him, for that he hath sinned by the dead: and he shall sanctify his head that day : 12And shall consecrate to the Lord the days of his separation, offering a lamb of one year for sin: yet so that the former days be made void, because his sanctification was profaned. 13This is the law of consecration. When the days which he had determined by vow shall be expired, he shall bring him to the door of the tabernacle of the covenant, 14And shall offer his oblation to the Lord: one he lamb of a year old without blemish for a holocaust, and one awe lamb of a year old without blemish for a sin offering, and one ram without blemish for a victim of peace offering, 15A basket also of unleavened bread, tempered with oil, and wafers without leaven anointed with oil, and the libations of each: 16And the priest shall present them before the Lord, and shall offer both the sin offering and the holocaust. 17But the ram he shall immolate for a sacrifice of peace offering to the Lord, offering at the same time the basket of unleavened bread, and the libations that are due by custom. 18Then shall the hair of the consecration of the Nazarite, be shaved off before the door of the tabernacle of the covenant: and he shall take his hair, and lay it upon the fire, which is under the sacrifice of the peace offerings. 19And shall take the boiled shoulder of the ram, and one unleavened cake out of the basket, and one unleavened wafer, and he shall deliver them into the hands of the Nazarite, after his head is shaven. 20And receiving them again from him, he shall elevate them in the sight of the Lord: and they being sanctified shall belong to the priest, as the breast, which was commanded to be separated, and the shoulder. After this the Nazarite may drink wine. 21This is the law of the Nazarite, when he hath vowed his oblation to the Lord in the time of his consecration, besides those things which his hand shall find, according to that which he had vowed in his mind, so shall he do for the fulfilling of his sanctification. 22And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 23Say to Aaron and his sons: Thus shall you bless the children of Israel, and you shall say to them: 24The Lord bless thee, and keep thee. 25The Lord shew his face to thee, and have mercy on thee. 26The Lord turn his countenance to thee, and give thee peace. 27And they shall invoke my name upon the children of Israel, and I will bless them.

Chapter 7

1And it came to pass in the day that Moses had finished the tabernacle, and set it up, and had anointed and sanctified it with all its vessels, the altar likewise and all the vessels thereof, 2The princes of Israel and the heads of the families, in every tribe, who were the rulers of them who had been numbered, offered 3Their gifts before the Lord, six wagons covered, and twelve oxen. Two princes offered one wagon, and each one an ox, and they offered them before the tabernacle. 4And the Lord said to Moses: 5Receive them from them to serve in the ministry of the tabernacle, and thou shalt deliver them to the Levites according to the order of their ministry. 6Moses therefore receiving the wagons and the oxen, delivered them to the Levites. 7Two wagons and four oxen he gave to the sons of Gerson, according to their necessity. 8The other four wagons, and eight oxen he gave to the sons of Merari, according to their offices and service, under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest. 9But to the sons of Caath he gave no wagons or oxen: because they serve in the sanctuary and carry their burdens upon their own shoulders. 10And the princes offered for the dedication of the altar on the day when it was anointed, their oblation before the altar. 11And the Lord said to Moses: Let each of the princes one day after another offer their gifts for the dedication of the altar. 12The first day Nahasson the son of Aminadab of the tribe of Juda offered his offering: 13And his offering was a silver dish weighing one hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for 14A little mortar of ten sides of gold full of incense: 15An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 16And a buck goat for sin: 17And for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Nahasson the son of Aminadab. 18The second day Nathanael the son of Suar, prince of the tribe of Issachar, made his offering, 19A silver dish weighing one hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides, according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 20A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 21An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 22And a buck goat for sin: 23And for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Nathanael the son of Suar. 24The third day the prince of the sons of Zabulon, Eliab the son of Helon, 25Offered a silver dish weighing one hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides by the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 26A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 27An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 28And a buck goat for sin: 29And for the sacrifice of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This is the oblation of Eliab the son of Helon. 30The fourth day the prince of the sons of Ruben, Elisur the son of Sedeur, 31Offered a silver dish weighing one hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 32A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 33An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old, for a holocaust: 34And a buck goat for sin: 35And for victims of peace offerings two oxen, five rams, five buck goats. five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Elisur the son of Sedeur. 36The fifth day the prince of the sons of Simeon, Salamiel the son of Surisaddai, 37Offered a silver dish weighing one hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides after the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 38A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 39An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 40And a buck goat for sin: 41And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Salamiel the son of Surisaddai. 42The sixth day the prince of the sons of Gad, Eliasaph the son of Duel, 43Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides by the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 44A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 45An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 46And a buck goat for sin: 47And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Eliasaph the son of Duel. 48The seventh day the prince of the sons of Ephraim, Elisama the son Ammiud, 49Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of hour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 50A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense : 51An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 52And a buck goat for sin: 53And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Elisama the son of Ammiud. 54The eighth day the prince of the sons of Manasses, Gamaliel the son of Phadassur, 55Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sicles, a silver bowl of seventy sicles, according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 56A little mortar of gold weighing ten sicles full of incense: 57An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 58And a buck goat for sin: 59And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Gamaliel the son of Phadassur. 60The ninth day the prince of the sons of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gedeon, 61Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides by the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 62A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 63An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a, holocaust: 64And a buck goat for sin: 65And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Abidan the son of Gedeon. 66The tenth day the prince of the sons of Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammisaddai, 67Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides, according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 68A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense : 69An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 70And a buck goat for sin: 71And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Ahiezer the son of Ammisaddai. 72The eleventh day the prince of the sons of Aser, Phegiel the son of Ochran, 73Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides, according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 74A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 75An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 76And a buck goat for sin: 77And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Phegiel the son of Ochran. 78The twelfth day the prince of the sons of Nephtali, Ahira the son of Enan, 79Offered a silver dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides, a silver bowl of seventy sides, according to the weight of the sanctuary, both full of flour tempered with oil for a sacrifice: 80A little mortar of gold weighing ten sides full of incense: 81An ox of the herd, and a ram, and a lamb of a year old for a holocaust: 82And a buck goat for sin: 83And for sacrifices of peace offerings, two oxen, five rams, five buck goats, five lambs of a year old. This was the offering of Ahira the son of Enan. 84These were the offerings made by the princes of Israel in the dedication of the altar, in the day wherein it was consecrated. Twelve dishes of silver: twelve silver bowls: twelve little mortars of gold: 85Each dish weighing a hundred and thirty sides of silver, and each bowl seventy sides: that is, putting all the vessels of silver together, two thousand four hundred sides, by the weight of the sanctuary. 86Twelve little mortars of gold full of incense, weighing ten sides apiece, by the weight of the sanctuary: that is, in all a hundred and twenty sides of gold. 87Twelve oxen out of the herd for a holocaust, twelve rams, twelve lambs of a year old, and their libations: twelve buck goats for sin. 88And for sacrifices of peace offerings, oxen twenty-four, rams sixty, buck goats sixty, lambs of a year old sixty. These things were offered in the dedication of the altar, when it was anointed. 89And when Moses entered into the tabernacle of the covenant, to consult the oracle, he heard the voice of one speaking to him from the propitiatory, that was over the ark between the two cherubims, and from this place he spoke to him.

Chapter 8

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Speak to Aaron, and thou shalt say to him: When thou shalt place the seven lamps, let the candlestick be set up on the south side. Give orders therefore that the lamps look over against the north, towards the table of the leaves of proposition, over against that part shall they give light, towards which the candlestick looketh. 3And Aaron did so, and he put the lamps upon the candlestick, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 4Now this was the work of the candlestick, it was of beaten gold, both the shaft in the middle, and all that came out of both sides of the branches: according to the pattern which the Lord had shewn to Moses, so he made the candlestick. 5And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying : 6Take the Levites out of the midst of the children of Israel, and thou shalt purify them, 7According to this rite: Let them be sprinkled with the water of purification, and let them shave all the hairs of their flesh. And when they shall have washed their garments, and are cleansed, 8They shall take an ox of the herd, and for the offering thereof fine flour tempered with oil: and thou shalt take another ox of the herd for a sin offering: 9And thou shalt bring the Levites before the tabernacle of the covenant, calling together all the multitude of the children of Israel: 10And when the Levites are before the Lord, the children of Israel shall put their hands upon them: 11And Aaron shall offer the Levites, as a gift in the sight of the Lord from the children of Israel, that they may serve in his ministry. 12The Levites also shall put their hands upon the heads of the oxen, of which thou shalt sacrifice one for sin, and the other for a holocaust to the Lord, to pray for them. 13And thou shalt set the Levites in the sight of Aaron and of his sons, and shalt consecrate them being offered to the Lord, 14And shalt separate them from the midst of the children of Israel, to be mine. 15And afterwards they shall enter into the tabernacle of the covenant, to serve me. And thus shalt thou purify and consecrate them for an oblation of the Lord: for as a gift they were given me by the children of Israel. 16I have taken them instead of the firstborn that open every womb in Israel, 17For all the firstborn of the children of Israel, both of men and of beasts, are mine. From the day that I slew every firstborn in the land of Egypt, have I sanctified them to myself: 18And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel: 19And have delivered them for a gift to Aaron and his sons out of the midst of the people, to serve me for Israel in the tabernacle of the covenant, and to pray for them, lest there should be a plague among the people, if they should presume to approach unto my sanctuary. 20And Moses and Aaron and all the multitude of the children of Israel did with the Levites all that the Lord had commanded Moses: 21And they were purified, and washed their garments. And Aaron lifted them up in the sight of the Lard, and prayed for them, 22That being purified they might go into the tabernacle of the covenant to do their services before Aaron and his sons. As the Lord had commanded Moses touching the Levites, so was it done. 23And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 24This is the law of the Levites: From twenty-five years old and upwards, they shall go in to minister in the tabernacle of the covenant. 25And when they shall have accomplished the fiftieth year of their age, they shall cease to serve: 26And they shall be the ministers of their brethren in the tabernacle of the covenant, to keep the things that are committed to their care, but not to do the works. Thus shalt thou order the Levites touching their charge.

Chapter 9

1The Lord spoke to Moses in the desert of Sinai, the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first month, saying: 2Let the children of Israel make the phase in its due time, 3The fourteenth day of this month in the evening, according to all the ceremonies and justifications thereof. 4And Moses commanded the children of Israel that they should make the phase. 5And they made it in its proper time: the fourteenth day of the month at evening, in mount Sinai. The children of Israel did according to all things that the Lord had commanded Moses. 6But behold some who were unclean by occasion of the soul of a men, who could not make the phase on that day, coming to Moses and Aaron, 7Said to them: We are unclean by occasion of the soul of a man. Why are we kept back that we may not offer in its season the offering to the Lord among the children of Israel? 8And Moses answered them: Stay that I may consult the Lord what he will ordain concerning you. 9And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 10Say to the children of Israel: The man that shall be unclean by occasion of one that is dead, or shall be in a journey afar off in your nation, let him make the phase to the Lord. 11In the second month, on the fourteenth day of the month in the evening, they shall eat it with unleavened bread and wild lettuce: 12They shall not leave any thing thereof until morning, a nor break a bone thereof, they shall observe all the ceremonies of the phase. 13But if any man is clean, and was not on a journey, and did not make the phase, that soul shall be cut off from among his people, because he offered not sacrifice to the Lord in due season: he shall bear his sin. 14The sojourner also and the stranger if they be among you, shall make the phase to the Lord according to the ceremonies and justifications thereof. The same ordinance shall be with you both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land. 15Now on the day that the tabernacle was reared up, a cloud covered it. But from the evening there was over the tabernacle, as it were, the appearance of fire until the morning. 16So it was always: by day the cloud covered it, and by night as it were the appearance of fire. 17And when the cloud that covered the tabernacle was taken up, then the children of Israel marched forward: and in the place where the cloud stood still, there they camped. 18At the commandment of the Lord they marched, and at his commandment they pitched the tabernacle. All the days that the cloud abode over the tabernacle, they remained in the same place: 19And if it was so that it continued over it a long time, the children of Israel kept the watches of the Lord, and marched not, 20For as many days soever as the cloud stayed over the tabernacle. At the commandment of the Lord they pitched their tents, and at his commandment they took them down. 21If the cloud tarried from evening until morning, and immediately at break of day left the tabernacle, they marched forward: and if it departed after a day and a night, they took down their tents. 22But if it remained over the tabernacle for two days or a month or a longer time, the children of Israel remained in the same place, and marched not: but immediately as soon as it departed, they removed the camp. 23By the word of the Lord they pitched their tents, and by his word they marched: and kept the watches of the Lord according to his commandment by the hand of Moses.

Chapter 10

1And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying: 2Make thee two trumpets of beaten silver, wherewith thou mayest call together the multitude when the camp is to be removed. 3And when thou shalt sound the trumpets, all the multitude shall gather unto thee to the door of the tabernacle of the covenant. 4If thou sound but once, the princes and the heads of the multitude of Israel shall come to thee. 5But if the sound of the trumpets be longer, and with interruptions, they that are on the east side, shall first go forward. 6And at the second sounding and like noise of the trumpet, they who lie on the south side shall take up their tents. And after this manner shall the rest do, when the trumpets shall sound for a march. 7But when the people is to be gathered together, the sound of the trumpets shall be plain, and they shall not make a broken sound. 8And the sons of Aaron the priest shall sound the trumpets: an